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Interstrand crosslink

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721165/precision-cancer-therapy-profiting-from-tumor-specific-defects-in-the-dna-damage-tolerance-system
#1
Olimpia Alessandra Buoninfante, Bas Pilzecker, Muhammad Assad Aslam, Ioannis Zavrakidis, Rianne van der Wiel, Marieke van de Ven, Paul C M van den Berk, Heinz Jacobs
DNA damage tolerance (DDT) enables replication to continue in the presence of a damaged template and constitutes a key step in DNA interstrand crosslink repair. In this way DDT minimizes replication stress inflicted by a wide range of endogenous and exogenous agents, and provides a critical first line defense against alkylating and platinating chemotherapeutics. Effective DDT strongly depends on damage-induced, site-specific PCNA-ubiquitination at Lysine (K) 164 by the E2/E3 complex (RAD6/18). A survey of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) revealed a high frequency of tumors presents RAD6/RAD18 bi-allelic inactivating deletions...
April 10, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590434/an-e2f7-dependent-transcriptional-program-modulates-dna-damage-repair-and-genomic-stability
#2
Jone Mitxelena, Aintzane Apraiz, Jon Vallejo-Rodríguez, Iraia García-Santisteban, Asier Fullaondo, Mónica Alvarez-Fernández, Marcos Malumbres, Ana M Zubiaga
The cellular response to DNA damage is essential for maintaining the integrity of the genome. Recent evidence has identified E2F7 as a key player in DNA damage-dependent transcriptional regulation of cell-cycle genes. However, the contribution of E2F7 to cellular responses upon genotoxic damage is still poorly defined. Here we show that E2F7 represses the expression of genes involved in the maintenance of genomic stability, both throughout the cell cycle and upon induction of DNA lesions that interfere with replication fork progression...
March 24, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577315/the-recq-like-helicase-hrq1-is-involved-in-dna-crosslink-repair-in-arabidopsis-in-a-common-pathway-with-the-fanconi-anemia-associated-nuclease-fan1-and-the-postreplicative-repair-atpase-rad5a
#3
Sarah Röhrig, Annika Dorn, Janina Enderle, Angelina Schindele, Natalie J Herrmann, Alexander Knoll, Holger Puchta
RecQ helicases are important caretakers of genome stability and occur in varying copy numbers in different eukaryotes. Subsets of RecQ paralogs are involved in DNA crosslink (CL) repair. The orthologs of AtRECQ2, AtRECQ3 and AtHRQ1, HsWRN, DmRECQ5 and ScHRQ1 participate in CL repair in their respective organisms, and we aimed to define the function of these helicases for plants. We obtained Arabidopsis mutants of the three RecQ helicases and determined their sensitivity against CL agents in single- and double-mutant analyses...
March 25, 2018: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518739/importance-of-homo-dimerization-of-fanconi-associated-nuclease-1-in-dna-flap-cleavage
#4
Timsi Rao, Simonne Longerich, Weixing Zhao, Hideki Aihara, Patrick Sung, Yong Xiong
Fanconi-associated nuclease 1 (FAN1) removes interstrand DNA crosslinks (ICLs) through its DNA flap endonuclease and exonuclease activities. Crystal structures of human and bacterial FAN1 bound to a DNA flap have been solved. The Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacterial FAN1 and human FAN1 (hFAN1) missing a flexible loop are monomeric, while intact hFAN1 is homo-dimeric in structure. Importantly, the monomeric and dimeric forms of FAN1 exhibit very different DNA binding modes. Here, we interrogate the functional differences between monomeric and dimeric forms of FAN1 and provide an explanation for the discrepancy in oligomeric state between the two hFAN1 structures...
April 2018: DNA Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504661/sequence-dependent-diastereospecific-and-diastereodivergent-crosslinking-of-dna-by-decarbamoylmitomycin-c
#5
William Aguilar, Manuel M Paz, Anayatzinc Vargas, Cristina C Clement, Shu-Yuan Cheng, Elise Champeil
Mitomycin C (MC), a potent antitumor drug, and decarbamoylmitomycin C (DMC), a derivative lacking the carbamoyl group, form highly cytotoxic DNA interstrand crosslinks. The major interstrand crosslink formed by DMC is the C1'' epimer of the major crosslink formed by MC. The molecular basis for the stereochemical configuration exhibited by DMC was investigated using biomimetic synthesis. The formation of DNA-DNA crosslinks by DMC is diastereospecific and diastereodivergent: Only the 1''S-diastereomer of the initially formed monoadduct can form crosslinks at GpC sequences, and only the 1''R-diastereomer of the monoadduct can form crosslinks at CpG sequences...
April 20, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459202/inhibition-of-non-homologous-end-joining-in-fanconi-anemia-cells-results-in-rescue-of-survival-after-interstrand-crosslinks-but-sensitization-to-replication-associated-double-strand-breaks
#6
Laura J Eccles, Andrew C Bell, Simon N Powell
When Fanconi Anemia (FA) proteins were depleted in human U2OS cells with integrated DNA repair reporters, we observed decreases in homologous recombination (HR), decreases in mutagenic non-homologous end joining (m-NHEJ) and increases in canonical NHEJ, which was independently confirmed by measuring V(D)J recombination. Furthermore, depletion of FA proteins resulted in reduced HR protein foci and increased NHEJ protein recruitment to replication-associated DSBs, consistent with our observation that the use of canonical NHEJ increases after depletion of FA proteins in cycling cells...
April 2018: DNA Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423082/reduced-recruitment-of-53bp1-during-interstrand-crosslink-repair-is-associated-with-genetically-inherited-attenuation-of-mitomycin-c-sensitivity-in-a-family-with-fanconi-anemia
#7
Emilie Lesport, Alina Ferster, Armand Biver, Benoit Roch, Nadia Vasquez, Nada Jabado, Francina Langa Vives, Patrick Revy, Jean Soulier, Jean-Pierre de Villartay
The Fanconi anemia (FA) pathway is implicated in the repair of DNA interstrand crosslinks (ICL). In this process, it has been shown that FA factors regulate the choice for DNA double strand break repair towards homologous recombination (HR). As this mechanism is impaired in FA deficient cells exposed to crosslinking agents, an inappropriate usage of non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) leads to the accumulation of toxic chromosomal abnormalities. We studied a family with two FANCG patients and found a genetically inherited attenuation of mitomycin C sensitivity resulting in-vitro in an attenuated phenotype for one patient or in increased resistance for two healthy relatives...
January 9, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416673/splice-variants-of-the-endonucleases-xpf-and-xpg-contain-residual-dna-repair-capabilities-and-could-be-a-valuable-tool-for-personalized-medicine
#8
Janin Lehmann, Steffen Schubert, Christina Seebode, Antje Apel, Andreas Ohlenbusch, Steffen Emmert
The two endonucleases XPF and XPG are essentially involved in nucleotide excision repair (NER) and interstrand crosslink (ICL) repair. Defects in these two proteins result in severe diseases like xeroderma pigmentosum (XP). We applied our newly CRISPR/Cas9 generated human XPF knockout cell line with complete loss of XPF and primary fibroblasts from an XP-G patient (XP20BE) to analyze until now uncharacterized spontaneous mRNA splice variants of these two endonucleases. Functional analyses of these variants were performed using luciferase-based reporter gene assays...
January 2, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399332/recent-advances-in-understanding-hematopoiesis-in-fanconi-anemia
#9
REVIEW
Grover Bagby
Fanconi anemia is an inherited disease characterized by genomic instability, hypersensitivity to DNA cross-linking agents, bone marrow failure, short stature, skeletal abnormalities, and a high relative risk of myeloid leukemia and epithelial malignancies. The 21 Fanconi anemia genes encode proteins involved in multiple nuclear biochemical pathways that effect DNA interstrand crosslink repair. In the past, bone marrow failure was attributed solely to the failure of stem cells to repair DNA. Recently, non-canonical functions of many of the Fanconi anemia proteins have been described, including modulating responses to oxidative stress, viral infection, and inflammation as well as facilitating mitophagic responses and enhancing signals that promote stem cell function and survival...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325523/fanconi-anemia-with-sun-sensitivity-caused-by-a-xeroderma-pigmentosum-associated-missense-mutation-in-xpf
#10
Isabell Popp, Maqsood Punekar, Nick Telford, Stavros Stivaros, Kate Chandler, Meenakshi Minnis, Anna Castleton, Claire Higham, Louise Hopewell, D Gareth Evans, Anja Raams, Arjan F Theil, Stefan Meyer, Detlev Schindler
BACKGROUND: Fanconi anemia (FA) is an inherited genomic instability disorder with congenital and developmental abnormalities, bone marrow failure and predisposition to cancer early in life, and cellular sensitivity to DNA interstrand crosslinks. CASE PRESENTATION: A fifty-one-year old female patient, initially diagnosed with FA in childhood on the basis of classic features and increased chromosomal breakage, and remarkable sun-sensitivity is described. She only ever had mild haematological abnormalities and no history of malignancy...
January 11, 2018: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278735/expanding-the-fanco-rad51c-associated-phenotype-cleft-lip-and-palate-and-lobar-holoprosencephaly-two-rare-findings-in-fanconi-anemia
#11
Adeline Jacquinet, Lindsay Brown, Jessica Sawkins, Pengfei Liu, Denise Pugash, Margot I Van Allen, Millan S Patel
Fanconi anemia is a rare chromosome instability disorder with a highly variable phenotype. In the antenatal and neonatal periods, the diagnosis is usually suggested by the presence of typical congenital abnormalities such as intrauterine growth retardation, microcephaly and radial ray defects. We report a newborn female with a prenatal diagnosis of Fanconi anemia, complementation group O (FANCO). Antenatal ultrasounds identified symmetrical intrauterine growth retardation, complex heart defect as well as brain anomalies, overlapping fingers and cleft lip and palate...
December 24, 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234069/the-human-dna-glycosylases-neil1-and-neil3-excise-psoralen-induced-dna-dna-cross-links-in-a-four-stranded-dna-structure
#12
Peter R Martin, Sophie Couvé, Caroline Zutterling, Mustafa S Albelazi, Regina Groisman, Bakhyt T Matkarimov, Jason L Parsons, Rhoderick H Elder, Murat K Saparbaev
Interstrand cross-links (ICLs) are highly cytotoxic DNA lesions that block DNA replication and transcription by preventing strand separation. Previously, we demonstrated that the bacterial and human DNA glycosylases Nei and NEIL1 excise unhooked psoralen-derived ICLs in three-stranded DNA via hydrolysis of the glycosidic bond between the crosslinked base and deoxyribose sugar. Furthermore, NEIL3 from Xenopus laevis has been shown to cleave psoralen- and abasic site-induced ICLs in Xenopus egg extracts. Here we report that human NEIL3 cleaves psoralen-induced DNA-DNA cross-links in three-stranded and four-stranded DNA substrates to generate unhooked DNA fragments containing either an abasic site or a psoralen-thymine monoadduct...
December 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226731/pharmacogenetics-of-platinum-based-chemotherapy-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-predictive-validity-of-polymorphisms-of-ercc1
#13
REVIEW
Gerhard Hamilton, Barbara Rath
The efficacy of platinum-based chemotherapy for patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is limited by chemoresistance. Platinum drugs damage DNA by introducing intrastrand and interstrand crosslinks which result in cell death. Excision repair cross-complementing 1 (ERCC1) is a member of the nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway which erases such defects. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in ERCC1 impair this activity and have been suggested to predict the response to chemotherapy. Area covered: Among the polymorphisms of proteins involved in uptake, metabolism, cytotoxicity and efflux of platinum drugs, codon 118 C/T and C8092A in ERCC1 are the best characterized SNPs studied for their predictive power...
January 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156637/synthesis-and-improved-cross-linking-properties-of-c5-modified-furan-bearing-pnas
#14
Joke Elskens, Alex Manicardi, Valentina Costi, Annemieke Madder, Roberto Corradini
Over the past decades, peptide nucleic acid/DNA (PNA:DNA) duplex stability has been improved via backbone modification, often achieved via introducing an amino acid side chain at the α- or γ-position in the PNA sequence. It was previously shown that interstrand cross-linking can further enhance the binding event. In this work, we combined both strategies to fine-tune PNA crosslinking towards single stranded DNA sequences using a furan oxidation-based crosslinking method; for this purpose, γ-l-lysine and γ-l-arginine furan-PNA monomers were synthesized and incorporated in PNA sequences via solid phase synthesis...
November 20, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144457/a-ubiquitin-dependent-signalling-axis-specific-for-alkbh-mediated-dna-dealkylation-repair
#15
Joshua R Brickner, Jennifer M Soll, Patrick M Lombardi, Cathrine B Vågbø, Miranda C Mudge, Clement Oyeniran, Renana Rabe, Jessica Jackson, Meagan E Sullender, Elyse Blazosky, Andrea K Byrum, Yu Zhao, Mark A Corbett, Jozef Gécz, Michael Field, Alessandro Vindigni, Geir Slupphaug, Cynthia Wolberger, Nima Mosammaparast
DNA repair is essential to prevent the cytotoxic or mutagenic effects of various types of DNA lesions, which are sensed by distinct pathways to recruit repair factors specific to the damage type. Although biochemical mechanisms for repairing several forms of genomic insults are well understood, the upstream signalling pathways that trigger repair are established for only certain types of damage, such as double-stranded breaks and interstrand crosslinks. Understanding the upstream signalling events that mediate recognition and repair of DNA alkylation damage is particularly important, since alkylation chemotherapy is one of the most widely used systemic modalities for cancer treatment and because environmental chemicals may trigger DNA alkylation...
November 16, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105242/ercc4-variants-identified-in-a-cohort-of-patients-with-segmental-progeroid-syndromes
#16
Takayasu Mori, Matthew J Yousefzadeh, Maryam Faridounnia, Jessica X Chong, Fuki M Hisama, Louanne Hudgins, Gabriela Mercado, Erin A Wade, Amira S Barghouthy, Lin Lee, George M Martin, Deborah A Nickerson, Michael J Bamshad, Laura J Niedernhofer, Junko Oshima
Pathogenic variants in genes, which encode DNA repair and damage response proteins, result in a number of genomic instability syndromes with features of accelerated aging. ERCC4 (XPF) encodes a protein that forms a complex with ERCC1 and is required for the 5' incision during nucleotide excision repair. ERCC4 is also FANCQ, illustrating a critical role in interstrand crosslink repair. Pathogenic variants in this gene cause xeroderma pigmentosum, XFE progeroid syndrome, Cockayne syndrome (CS), and Fanconi anemia...
February 2018: Human Mutation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100324/modulation-of-the-fanconi-anemia-pathway-via-chemically-induced-changes-in-chromatin-structure
#17
David A Vierra, Jada L Garzon, Meghan A Rego, Morganne M Adroved, Maurizio Mauro, Niall G Howlett
Fanconi anemia (FA) is a rare disease characterized by congenital defects, bone marrow failure, and atypically early-onset cancers. The FA proteins function cooperatively to repair DNA interstrand crosslinks. A major step in the activation of the pathway is the monoubiquitination of the FANCD2 and FANCI proteins, and their recruitment to chromatin-associated nuclear foci. The regulation and function of FANCD2 and FANCI, however, is poorly understood. In addition, how chromatin state impacts pathway activation is also unknown...
September 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091773/sensing-and-processing-of-dna-interstrand-crosslinks-by-the-mismatch-repair-pathway
#18
Niyo Kato, Yoshitaka Kawasoe, Hannah Williams, Elena Coates, Upasana Roy, Yuqian Shi, Lorena S Beese, Orlando D Schärer, Hong Yan, Max E Gottesman, Tatsuro S Takahashi, Jean Gautier
DNA interstrand crosslinks (ICLs) that are repaired in non-dividing cells must be recognized independently of replication-associated DNA unwinding. Using cell-free extracts from Xenopus eggs that support neither replication nor transcription, we establish that ICLs are recognized and processed by the mismatch repair (MMR) machinery. We find that ICL repair requires MutSα (MSH2-MSH6) and the mismatch recognition FXE motif in MSH6, strongly suggesting that MutSα functions as an ICL sensor. MutSα recruits MutLα and EXO1 to ICL lesions, and the catalytic activity of both these nucleases is essential for ICL repair...
October 31, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059323/fanci-and-fancd2-have-common-as-well-as-independent-functions-during-the-cellular-replication-stress-response
#19
Elizabeth L Thompson, Jung E Yeo, Eun-A Lee, Yinan Kan, Maya Raghunandan, Constanze Wiek, Helmut Hanenberg, Orlando D Schärer, Eric A Hendrickson, Alexandra Sobeck
Fanconi anemia (FA) is an inherited cancer predisposition syndrome characterized by cellular hypersensitivity to DNA interstrand crosslinks (ICLs). To repair these lesions, the FA proteins act in a linear hierarchy: following ICL detection on chromatin, the FA core complex monoubiquitinates and recruits the central FANCI and FANCD2 proteins that subsequently coordinate ICL removal and repair of the ensuing DNA double-stranded break by homology-dependent repair (HDR). FANCD2 also functions during the replication stress response by mediating the restart of temporarily stalled replication forks thereby suppressing the firing of new replication origins...
November 16, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031493/beyond-interstrand-crosslinks-repair-contribution-of-fancd2-and-other-fanconi-anemia-proteins-to-the-replication-of-dna
#20
REVIEW
Maria B Federico, Paola Campodónico, Natalia S Paviolo, Vanesa Gottifredi
Biallelic mutations of FANCD2 and other components of the Fanconi Anemia (FA) pathway cause a disease characterized by bone marrow failure, cancer predisposition and a striking sensitivity to agents that induce crosslinks between the two complementary DNA strands (inter-strand crosslinks-ICL). Such genotoxins were used to characterize the contribution of the FA pathway to the genomic stability of cells, thus unravelling the biological relevance of ICL repair in the context of the disease. Notwithstanding this, whether the defect in ICL repair as the sole trigger for the multiple physiological alterations observed in FA patients is still under investigation...
September 14, 2017: Mutation Research
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