keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

monounsaturated

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100121/effects-of-bovine-pregnancy-on-the-fatty-acid-composition-of-milk-significance-for-humans-needs
#1
R Barreiro, P Regal, M Díaz-Bao, B I Vázquez, A Cepeda
Milk from forty Holstein dairy cows (twenty pregnant and twenty non-pregnant) was collected from two different farms in Galicia (Spain). The differences in the fatty acid composition of two groups of cows (pregnant and non-pregnant) was studied to determine whether pregnancy status is a determinant factor that can alter the fatty acid profile of milk. Gas-chromatography (GC) coupled to flame ionization detection (FID) was used for determination of the fatty acids. Difference in the milk fatty acids between pregnant and non-pregnant cows were pronounced showing statistically significant differences for some fatty acids and the total saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids...
January 19, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098139/appetite-responses-to-high-fat-meals-or-diets-of-varying-fatty-acid-composition-a-comprehensive-review
#2
REVIEW
S Kaviani, J A Cooper
Dietary fatty acids (FA) act as signaling molecules with diverse effects on physiologic function. The aim of this article is to review and summarize the clinical human studies in the literature on how dietary FA composition in meals and diets affects hunger and satiety signaling in the body. Studies examining FA saturation (monounsaturated (MUFA), saturated or polyunsaturated (PUFA) FAs) or FA chain length from high-fat meals/diets were included. Measures of appetite included visual analog scale (VAS) questionnaires, appetite hormones (Cholecystokinin (CCK), glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), peptide YY (PYY), gastric insulinotropic polypeptide gastric inhibitory peptide (GIP), ghrelin, leptin, insulin) and/or energy intake (EI) data...
January 18, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096141/the-role-of-the-novel-lipokine-palmitoleic-acid-in-health-and-disease
#3
REVIEW
María E Frigolet, Ruth Gutiérrez-Aguilar
The monounsaturated fatty acid palmitoleate (palmitoleic acid) is one of the most abundant fatty acids in serum and tissues, particularly adipose tissue and liver. Its endogenous production by stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 gives rise to its cis isoform, cis-palmitoleate. Although trans-palmitoleate is also synthesized in humans, it is mainly found as an exogenous source in ruminant fat and dairy products. Recently, palmitoleate was considered to be a lipokine based on evidence demonstrating its release from adipose tissue and its metabolic effects on distant organs...
January 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093985/ketogenic-diet-and-other-dietary-intervention-strategies-in-the-treatment-of-cancer
#4
Matteo Vergati, Eriseld Krasniqi, Girolamo Del Monte, Silvia Riondino, Doriana Vallone, Fiorella Guadagni, Patrizia Ferroni, Mario Roselli
Pre-clinical and clinical studies have investigated the role of a dysregulated metabolism in the sustainability of tumor initiation and progression. One of the most familiar metabolic alterations encountered in several types of cancers is the upregulation of glycolysis, which is also maintained in conditions of normal oxygen tension (aerobic glycolysis, Warburg effect) while oxidative phosphorylation is apparently reduced. As a result, cancer cells convert most incoming glucose to lactate. Although more rapid, adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production by glycolysis is less efficient in terms of ATP generated per unit of glucose consumed than oxidative phosphorylation...
January 16, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076613/the-role-of-dietary-fatty-acid-intake-in-inflammatory-gene-expression-a-critical-review
#5
Daniela Mayumi Rocha, Josefina Bressan, Helen Hermana Hermsdorff
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Diet is an important modifiable factor involved in obesity-induced inflammation. We reviewed clinical trials that assessed the effect of consumption of different fatty acids on the expression of inflammation-related genes, such as cytokines, adipokines, chemokines and transcription factors. DESIGN AND SETTING: Narrative review study conducted at a research center. METHODS: This was a review on the effect of fat intake on inflammatory gene expression in humans...
January 5, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072480/free-fatty-acids-induce-autophagy-and-lox-1-upregulation-in-cultured-aortic-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells
#6
Cheng-I Cheng, Yueh-Hong Lee, Po-Han Chen, Yu-Chun Lin, Ming-Huei Chou, Ying-Hsien Kao
Elevation of free fatty acids (FFAs) is known to affect microvascular function and contribute to obesity-associated insulin resistance, hypertension, and microangiopathy. Proliferative and synthetic vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) increase intimal thickness and destabilize atheromatous plaques. This study aimed to investigate whether saturated palmitic acid (PA) and monounsaturated oleic acid (OA) modulate autophagy activity, cell proliferation, and vascular tissue remodeling in an aortic VSMC cell line...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070312/investigation-of-nutritional-properties-of-three-species-of-marine-turban-snails-for-human-consumption
#7
Roslizawati Ab Lah, Joshua Smith, Dale Savins, Ashley Dowell, Daniel Bucher, Kirsten Benkendorff
Turban snails (family Turbinidae) are gastropod molluscs that are harvested for human consumption yet little is known about the nutritional properties of these snails, particularly from Australian waters. This study compares the proximate composition (ash, moisture, protein, and lipid content), fatty acid profiles, mineral, and trace element content of three species of turbinid snails; Turbo militaris, Lunella undulata, and Lunella torquata from northern New South Wales, Australia. They were all found to have relatively high protein in their flesh (16...
January 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069670/the-acyl-desaturase-cer17-is-involved-in-producing-wax-unsaturated-primary-alcohols-and-cutin-monomers
#8
Xianpeng Yang, Huayan Zhao, Dylan K Kosma, Pernell Tomasi, John M Dyer, Rong-Jun Li, Xiulin Liu, Zhouya Wang, Eugene P Parsons, Matthew A Jenks, Shiyou Lu
We report n-6 monounsaturated primary alcohols (C26:1, C28:1, and C30:1 homologues) in the cuticular waxes of Arabidopsis inflorescence stem, a class of wax not previously reported in Arabidopsis. The Arabidopsis cer17 mutant was completely deficient in these monounsaturated alcohols, and CER17 was found to encode a predicted ACYL-COENZYME A DESATURASE LIKE4 (ADS4). Studies of the Arabidopsis cer4 mutant, and yeast variously expressing CER4 (a predicted fatty acyl-CoA reductase) with CER17/ADS4, demonstrated CER4's principal role in synthesis of these monounsaturated alcohols...
January 9, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068579/changes-in-fatty-acid-metabolism-induced-by-varied-micro-supplementation-with-zinc-in-snails-helix-pomatia-gastropoda-pulmonata
#9
Danuta Kowalczyk-Pecka, Stanisław Pecka, Edyta Kowalczuk-Vasilev
We analyzed the changes in the profile of fatty acids (FA) in the foot tissues and hepatopancreas (HP) of snails Helix pomatia exposed to five microdoses of zinc (0.1, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, or 1mg/l) administered in the form of a pure salt solution and in the form of EDTA and lysine chelates. Selection from a pool of 56 fatty acids analyzed in snail tissues yielded a set of 12 biomarker acids undergoing significant changes in contact with toxic substances. The selection criteria included the greatest percentage among the FA profile and their significant role in physiological processes...
January 6, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060978/-ingesta-de-hidratos-de-carbono-y-%C3%A3-cidos-grasos-de-la-dieta-en-sujetos-con-esquizofrenia-y-trastorno-bipolar-y-su-asociaci%C3%A3-n-con-par%C3%A3-metros-antropom%C3%A3-tricos
#10
Natalia Santillana T, Álvaro Cavieres F, Claudia Vega S
BACKGROUND: People with psychiatric disorders have higher rates of obesity, diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia. These comorbidities are associated with the underlying psychopathology and drug therapy. AIM: To determine the quality and quantity of carbohydrates and fatty acids in the diet and their association with anthropometric parameters in subjects with schizophrenia and bipolar disorders. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 30 patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorders in treatment with atypical antipsychotics or mood stabilizers...
September 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043742/selected-fatty-acids-as-biomarkers-of-exposure-to-microdoses-of-molluscicides-in-snails-helix-pomatia-gastropoda-pulmonata
#11
Danuta Kowalczyk-Pecka, Stanisław Pecka, Edyta Kowalczuk-Vasilev
Two stages of selection from a pool of 56 fatty acids analyzed in Helix pomatia yielded a set of 12 biomarker acids undergoing significant changes in contact with three microdoses of toxic substances, i.e. three molluscicides containing metaldehyde, methiocarb, and potassium chloride (PC). The proposed palette of acids, including saturated fatty acids (SFA), monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), determined separately in the foot tissues and hepatopancreas of Gastropoda, can be used in ecotoxicological research as a reliable test of the effect of trace doses of stressors...
December 30, 2016: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039586/plasma-phospholipid-fatty-acid-profile-is-altered-in-both-septic-and-non-septic-critically-ill-a-correlation-with-inflammatory-markers-and-albumin
#12
František Novak, J Borovska, M Vecka, J Rychlikova, L Vavrova, H Petraskova, A Zak, O Novakova
This study analyzes fatty acid (FA) composition in plasma lipids and erythrocyte phospholipids while comparing septic and non-septic critically ill patients. The aim was to describe impacts of infection and the inflammatory process. Patients with severe sepsis (SP, n = 13); age-, sex- and APACHE II score-matched non-septic critically ill with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (NSP, n = 13); and age-/sex-matched healthy controls (HC, n = 13) were included in a prospective case-control study during the first 24 h after admission to the intensive care unit...
December 30, 2016: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031191/dietary-biomarker-evaluation-in-a-controlled-feeding-study-in-women-from-the-women-s-health-initiative-cohort
#13
Johanna W Lampe, Ying Huang, Marian L Neuhouser, Lesley F Tinker, Xiaoling Song, Dale A Schoeller, Soyoung Kim, Daniel Raftery, Chongzhi Di, Cheng Zheng, Yvonne Schwarz, Linda Van Horn, Cynthia A Thomson, Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Shirley Aa Beresford, Ross L Prentice
BACKGROUND: Controlled human feeding studies are necessary for robust nutritional biomarker development and validation. Previous feeding studies have typically evaluated single nutrients and tested relatively few diets. OBJECTIVES: The objectives were 1) to simultaneously associate dietary intake with a range of potential nutritional biomarkers in postmenopausal women by using a controlled feeding study whereby each participant was provided a diet similar to her usual diet and 2) to evaluate serum concentrations of select nutrients as potential biomarkers with the use of established urinary recovery biomarkers of energy and protein as benchmarks for evaluation...
December 28, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025506/fatty-acids-in-membranes-as-homeostatic-metabolic-and-nutritional-biomarkers-recent-advancements-in-analytics-and-diagnostics
#14
REVIEW
Carla Ferreri, Annalisa Masi, Anna Sansone, Giorgia Giacometti, Anna Vita Larocca, Georgia Menounou, Roberta Scanferlato, Silvia Tortorella, Domenico Rota, Marco Conti, Simone Deplano, Maria Louka, Anna Rosaria Maranini, Arianna Salati, Valentina Sunda, Chryssostomos Chatgilialoglu
Fatty acids, as structural components of membranes and inflammation/anti-inflammatory mediators, have well-known protective and regulatory effects. They are studied as biomarkers of pathological conditions, as well as saturated and unsaturated hydrophobic moieties in membrane phospholipids that contribute to homeostasis and physiological functions. Lifestyle, nutrition, metabolism and stress-with an excess of radical and oxidative processes-cause fatty acid changes that are examined in the human body using blood lipids...
December 22, 2016: Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013424/effects-of-different-salinities-on-growth-performance-survival-digestive-enzyme-activity-immune-response-and-muscle-fatty-acid-composition-in-juvenile-american-shad-alosa-sapidissima
#15
Zhi-Feng Liu, Xiao-Qiang Gao, Jiu-Xiang Yu, Xiao-Ming Qian, Guo-Ping Xue, Qiao-Yun Zhang, Bao-Liang Liu, Lei Hong
The effects of salinity on survival, growth, special activity of digestive enzymes, nonspecific immune response, and muscle fatty acid composition were evaluated in the American shad (Alosa sapidissima). Juveniles of 35 days after hatching were reared at 0 (control), 7, 14, 21, and 28 ppt for 60 days. At the end of the experiment, juvenile American shad presented higher survival and specific growth rate (SGR) in salinity group (7, 14, and 21 ppt) than control group (P < 0.05). The special activity of trypsin and chymotrypsin was highest in fish reared at 21 ppt, while the highest lipase special activity was obtained in control group (P < 0...
December 24, 2016: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000465/difference-in-fatty-acids-composition-of-breast-adipose-tissue-in-women-with-breast-cancer-and-benign-breast-disease
#16
Lisiane Lopes da Conceição, Mariana De Moura Dias, Milene Cristine Pessoa, Geórgia Das Graças Pena, Maria Carolina Santos Mendes, Cristiane Vilas Boas Neves, Helen Hermana Miranda Hermsdorff, Renata Nascimento Freitas, Maria do Carmo Gouveia Peluzio
INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer is the second most common cancer in the world, and the most frequent cancer among women. Moreover, there are factors that influence the risk for breast cancer including the age, genetic and endocrine factors, and lifestyle. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the consumption of fatty acids; compare the fatty acids composition in the breast adipose tissue of women with breast cancer and benign breast disease as well as potential risk factors; and describe the genotypic frequency of the Pro12Ala PPARγ polymorphism...
November 29, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999405/moringa-oleifera-seeds-and-oil-characteristics-and-uses-for-human-health
#17
REVIEW
Alessandro Leone, Alberto Spada, Alberto Battezzati, Alberto Schiraldi, Junior Aristil, Simona Bertoli
Moringa oleifera seeds are a promising resource for food and non-food applications, due to their content of monounsaturated fatty acids with a high monounsaturated/saturated fatty acids (MUFA/SFA) ratio, sterols and tocopherols, as well as proteins rich in sulfated amino acids. The rapid growth of Moringa trees in subtropical and tropical areas, even under conditions of prolonged drought, makes this plant a reliable resource to enhance the nutritional status of local populations and, if rationalized cultivation practices are exploited, their economy, given that a biodiesel fuel could be produced from a source not in competition with human food crops...
December 20, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999311/metabolomic-approaches-to-explore-chemical-diversity-of-human-breast-milk-formula-milk-and-bovine-milk
#18
Linxi Qian, Aihua Zhao, Yinan Zhang, Tianlu Chen, Steven H Zeisel, Wei Jia, Wei Cai
Although many studies have been conducted on the components present in human breast milk (HM), research on the differences of chemical metabolites between HM, bovine milk (BM) and formula milk (FM) is limited. This study was to explore the chemical diversity of HM, BM and FM by metabolomic approaches. GC-TOFMS and UPLC-QTOFMS were applied to investigate the metabolic compositions in 30 HM samples, 20 FM samples and 20 BM samples. Metabolite profiling identified that most of the non-esterified fatty acids, which reflected the hydrolysis of triglycerides, were much more abundant in HM than those in FM and BM, except for palmitic acid and stearic acid...
December 17, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997173/rapid-prediction-of-fatty-acid-content-in-marine-oil-omega-3-dietary-supplements-using-a-portable-fourier-transform-infrared-ftir-device-and-partial-least-squares-regression-plsr-analysis
#19
Sanjeewa R Karunathilaka, Magdi M Mossoba, Jin Kyu Chung, Ermias A Haile, Cynthia T Srigley
Using a portable field device, a Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and partial least-squares regression (PLSR) method was developed for the rapid (<5 min) prediction of major and minor fatty acid (FA) concentrations in marine oil omega-3 dietary supplements. Calibration models were developed with 174 gravimetrically prepared samples. These models were tested using an independent validation set of dietary supplements. FAs analyzed included eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA); the sums of saturated, branched-chain, and monounsaturated FAs; and n-6, n-4, n-3, n-1, and trans polyunsaturated FA...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992570/chemical-characterization-of-lipophilic-constituents-in-the-skin-of-migratory-adult-sea-lamprey-from-the-great-lakes-region
#20
Amila A Dissanayake, C Michael Wagner, Muraleedharan G Nair
The sea lamprey (Petromzons marinus) is an invasive ectoparasite of large-bodied fishes that adversely affects the fishing industry and ecology of the Laurentian Great Lakes. Lipid content in the whole sea lamprey and muscles, liver and kidney of metamorphosing larval stages has been reported. Similarly, the fatty acid profile of the rope tissues of sexually-mature male sea lampreys has also been reported. The average body weight of a sub-adult migratory sea lamprey is 250 g, which includes 14.4% skin (36 g)...
2016: PloS One
keyword
keyword
69762
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"