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Rachel Bingley, Alan Martin, Olivia Manfredi, Mahdiyar Nejadhamzeeigilani, Abimbola Oladokun, Andrew Robert Beadling, Sohail Siddiqui, James Anderson, Jonathan Thompson, Anne Neville, Michael Bryant
Interest in the degradation mechanisms at the modular tapers interfaces has been renewed due to increased reported cases of adverse reactions to metal debris and the appearance of wear and corrosion at the modular tapers interfaces at revision. Over the past two decades, a lot of research has been expended to understand the degradation mechanisms, with two primary implant loading procedures and orientations used consistently across the literature. ASTM F1875-98 is often used as a guide to understand and benchmark the tribocorrosion processes occurring within the modular tapers interface...
March 1, 2018: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
Craig L Sikora, Maria F Alfaro, Judy Chia-Chun Yuan, Valentim A Barao, Cortino Sukotjo, Mathew T Mathew
PURPOSE: Dental implants have been shown to have predictable success, but esthetic complications often arise. To reduce tissue shadowing from titanium, zirconia abutments may be used; however, the literature suggests that the use of zirconia leads to greater destruction of the implant interface that may result in biological complications such as titanium tattoos and heavy metal toxicity. Previous studies have examined the mechanical aspects of this implant/abutment relationship, but they have not accounted for the corrosive degradation that also takes place in the dynamic environment of the oral cavity...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Luciana D Trino, Erika S Bronze-Uhle, Amsaveni Ramachandran, Paulo N Lisboa-Filho, Mathew T Mathew, Anne George
Titanium (Ti) is widely used in biomedical devices due to its recognized biocompatibility. However, implant failures and subsequent clinical side effects are still recurrent. In this context, improvements can be achieved by designing biomaterials where the bulk and the surface of Ti are independently tailored. The conjugation of biomolecules onto the Ti surface can improve its bioactivity, thus accelerating the osteointegration process. Ti was modified with TiO2 , two different spacers, 3-(4-aminophenyl) propionic acid (APPA) or 3-mercaptopropionic acid (MPA) and dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP1) peptides...
February 21, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Yongkun Xu, Huimin Qi, Guitao Li, Xueping Guo, Yong Wan, Ga Zhang
Polymer composites have a high potential for applications as tribo-materials exposed to sea water owing to their self-lubrication characteristic and high chemical stability. In the present work, tribological behaviors of polyetheretherketone (PEEK) composites rubbing with stainless steel in sea water were explored using a pin-on-disc tribometer integrated with a potentiostat for electrochemical control. It was demonstrated that further adding 5 vol% hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) nanoparticles into PEEK reinforced with short carbon fibers (SCF) significantly enhanced the wear resistance...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Sofia A Alves, André L Rossi, Ana R Ribeiro, Fatih Toptan, Ana M Pinto, Tolou Shokuhfar, Jean-Pierre Celis, Luís A Rocha
After insertion into bone, dental implants may be subjected to tribocorrosive conditions resulting in the release of metallic ions and solid wear debris, which can induce to peri-implant inflammatory reactions accompanied by bone loss, and ultimately implant loosening. Despite the promising ability of TiO2 nanotubes (NTs) to improve osseointegration and avoid infection-related failures, the understanding of their degradation under the simultaneous action of wear and corrosion (tribocorrosion) is still very limited...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Wei Quan Toh, Xipeng Tan, Ayan Bhowmik, Erjia Liu, Shu Beng Tor
Orthopedic implants first started out as an all-metal hip joint replacement. However, poor design and machinability as well as unsatisfactory surface finish subjected the all-metal joint replacement to being superseded by a polyethylene bearing. Continued improvement in manufacturing techniques together with the reality that polyethylene wear debris can cause hazardous reactions in the human body has brought about the revival of metal-on-metal (MOM) hip joints in recent years. This has also led to a relatively new research area that links tribology and corrosion together...
December 26, 2017: Materials
Reed Ayers, Mackenzie Miller, Jeffery Schowinsky, Evalina Burger, Vikas Patel, Christopher Kleck
The characteristic trait of metallosis is the presence of tissue staining. Analyzing explanted revision hardware from spine surgeries and performing ICPMS/AES analysis on removed tissue samples, a clinically relevant definition for metallosis may be developed. Results of the analysis identified hardware fretting wear and corrosion, and ICP-MS/AES analysis identified elevated metal ion concentrations in all cases. This supports the hypothesis that corrosion may be linked to poor health outcomes and potential need for revision surgery...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Qiang Chen, Zhiwen Xie, Tian Chen, Feng Gong
TiN/SiOx duplex coatings were synthesized on AISI304 stainless steel by plasma immersion ion implantation and deposition (PIIID) followed by radio frequency magnetron sputtering (RFMS). The microstructure and tribocorrosion failure behaviors of the duplex coatings were investigated by X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, reciprocating-sliding tribometer, and electrochemical tests. The as-deposited duplex coating had a two-layered columnar growth structure consisting of face-centered cubic TiN and amorphous SiOx...
November 26, 2016: Materials
M Noronha Oliveira, W V H Schunemann, M T Mathew, B Henriques, R S Magini, W Teughels, J C M Souza
This study aimed to assess the literature available on the effects, on peri-implant tissues, of degradation products released from dental implants as a consequence of therapeutic treatment for peri-implantitis and/or of wear-corrosion of titanium. A literature review of the PubMed medline database was performed up to December 31, 2016. The following search terms were used: "titanium wear and dental implant"; "titanium corrosion and dental implant"; "bio-tribocorrosion"; "peri-implantitis"; "treatment of peri-implantitis"; "titanium particles release and dental implant"; and "titanium ion release and dental implant"...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
A Alansari, Y Sun
The objective of this study is to compare the mechanical behaviour of thermally oxidised commercially pure titanium (CP-Ti) and commercially pure zirconium (CP-Zr). For this purpose, these two bio-metals were thermally oxidised under the same condition (650°C for 6h) and the oxidised specimens were characterised using various analytical and experimental techniques, including oxygen uptake analysis, layer thickness and hardness measurements, scratch tests, dry sliding friction and wear tests and tribocorrosion tests in Ringer's solution...
October 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
K Apaza-Bedoya, M Tarce, C A M Benfatti, B Henriques, M T Mathew, W Teughels, J C M Souza
Two-piece implant systems are mainly used in oral implantology involving an osseointegrated implant connected to an abutment, which supports prosthetic structures. It is well documented that the presence of microgaps, biofilms and oral fluids at the implant-abutment connection can cause mechanical and biological complications. The aim of this review paper was to report the degradation at the implant-abutment connection by wear and corrosion processes taking place in the oral cavity. Most of the retrieved studies evaluated the wear and corrosion (tribocorrosion) of titanium-based materials used for implants and abutments in artificial saliva...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
J I Silva, A C Alves, A M Pinto, F Toptan
Ti and its alloys are attractive materials for variety of fields, including biomedical implants, however, the wear behavior is yet to be improved. In the present work, Ti-TiB-TiNx in-situ metal matrix composites were synthesized by reactive hot pressing using a Ti-BN powder blend. Corrosion behavior was investigated in 9g/L NaCl solution at 37°C by performing potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Tribocorrosion behavior was investigated using reciprocating tribometer, against an alumina ball, under 1 and 10N normal load, 1 and 2Hz frequency, in 9g/L NaCl solution at 37°C...
October 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Petra Močnik, Tadeja Kosec, Janez Kovač, Milan Bizjak
Nickel-titanium and stainless steel are the most commonly used alloys for orthodontic treatments. Even though both are known to be resistant to corrosion, there are circumstances that can lead to undesired situations, like localized types of corrosion attack, wear during sliding of an archwire though brackets and breakdowns due to iatrogenic causes. The aim of this research was to analyse the influence of environmental effects on the corrosion and tribocorrosion properties of NiTi and stainless steel dental alloys...
September 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Brent A Lanting, Matthew G Teeter, James L Howard, Steven J MacDonald, Douglas W Van Citters
BACKGROUND: Trunnion tribocorrosion in total hip arthroplasties is concerning, but retrieval studies often are subjective or lack comparison groups. Quantitative comparisons of clinically relevant implants are required. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate material loss in metal-on-metal (MoM) and metal-on-polyethylene (MoP) total hip articulations while controlling for trunnion design and head size. METHODS: The 166 retrieved femoral heads from 2 manufacturers were analyzed...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
A Revathi, Alba Dalmau Borrás, Anna Igual Muñoz, Caroline Richard, Geetha Manivasagam
OBJECTIVE: For many decades the failure of titanium implants due to corrosion and wear were approached individually and their synergic effect was not considered. In recent past, developments and understanding of the tribocorrosion aspects have thrown deeper understanding on the failure of implants and this has been reviewed in this article extensively. METHODS: Medline, google scholar and Embase search was conducted to identify studies published between 1993 and 2016 which were related to the analysis of degradation mechanism which the dental implants undergo after implantation...
July 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Zhenguo Wang, Weijiu Huang, Yan Li, Haoran He, Yongtao Zhou, Ziqing Zheng
The tribocorrosion behaviour of biomaterial Ti-25Nb-3Mo-3Zr-2Sn alloy in Ringer's solution was evaluated by micro-abrasion experiments, electrochemical tests and scanning electron microscope (SEM) observations. Potentiodynamic polarization results suggested that the effect of particle concentration on the electrochemistry characteristic is greater than the applied load. When the particle concentration and applied load were 0.05g·cm(-3) and 0.25N, respectively, the Ecorr reached the maximum as -0.381V. The micro-abrasion-corrosion results showed that the wear rates of the Ti-25Nb-3Mo-3Zr-2Sn alloy increased with increasing particle concentration and decreased as applied load increased...
July 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Josianne Cassar, Bertram Mallia, Andreas Karl, Joseph Buhagiar
Several problems are associated with corrosion-wear occurring on metal-on-metal hip implants made out of cobalt-chromium based alloys. Low temperature carburizing, a process that creates a hard and corrosion resistant diffused layer in Cobalt-Chromium-Molybdenum (CoCrMo) alloys, known as S-phase, may be a possible solution towards mitigating these problems. In this work, static- and tribo-corrosion testing involving an alumina versus CoCrMo (untreated and carburized) were conducted in Ringer's solution. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy was used to compare impedance plots attained before and after sliding so as to understand how the metal-electrolyte interface is affected by rubbing...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
John M Dundon, Prem N Ramkumar, Claudette Lajam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2017: JBJS Reviews
Yang Wang, Yu Yan, Yanjing Su, Lijie Qiao
CoCrMo alloys have been widely used in metal-on-metal (MoM) hip replacements due to their superior wear and corrosion resistance properties. However, metal ions like Co(2+) and Cr(3+), or even Cr(6+) released from CoCrMo hip prostheses can induce macrophage apoptotic vs. necrotic mortality and damage the surrounding tissues. Simultaneously, osteolysis induced by the wear debris can be a cause of failure. Nano wear debris is more active than the bulk material, due to its small size. In this study, to accurately analyse the fresh wear debris retrieved from the hip simulator and the interaction between the particles and tribocorrosion of CoCrMo, wear debris was observed without protein digest, using a combined experimental approach involving the employment of TEM and ICP-MS...
January 30, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
F Toptan, A C Alves, A M P Pinto, P Ponthiaux
Titanium and its alloys are widely used in orthopedic and dental implants, however, some major clinical concerns such as poor wear resistance, lack of bioactivity, and bone resorption due to stress shielding are yet to be overcome. In order to improve these drawbacks, highly porous Ti samples having functionalized surfaces were developed by powder metallurgy with space holder technique followed by anodic treatment. Tribocorrosion tests were performed in 9g/L NaCl solution using a unidirectional pin-on-disc tribometer under 3N normal load, 1Hz frequency and 4mm track diameter...
January 4, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
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