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echocardiography + cerebral embolism

Zairi Ihsen, Mssaad Hela, Mzoughi Khadija, Jnifene Zouhayer
Cardiac myxoma are the most common benign primary cardiac tumors that can lead to many complications as described in literature. Here we report the case of a boy aged 11 that was referred for etiological diagnosis of ischemic stroke. Transthoracic echocardiography reveals a myxoma in the left atrium. Patient was referred to surgery. The diagnosis was confirmed and the mass was completely resected.
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Yusuke Date, Katsuyuki Miyazu, Masahiro Ikeda
We report the case of a 28-year-old man with a rare angiosarcoma complicated by acute myocardial infarction secondary to tumor embolism. He was transported to our emergency unit because of sudden onset of chest pain. The echocardiography showed a 42×60 mm mass in the left ventricle, and the coronary angiography showed embolic occlusion of the proximal left anterior descending and circumflex arteries. Emergent surgical removal of the mass was attempted under cardiopulmonary bypass, concomitant with double coronary artery bypass grafting and mitral valve replacement with a mechanical prosthesis...
September 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
Tomás Francisco Cianciulli, Juan Bautista Soumoulou, Jorge Alberto Lax, María Cristina Saccheri, Alberto Cozzarin, Martín Alejandro Beck, Daniel Ernesto Ferreiro, Horacio Alberto Prezioso
INTRODUCTION: Papillary fibroelastoma (PFE) is a benign cardiac tumor that is currently detected more often due to the technological improvements in echocardiography. OBJECTIVES: To describe the echocardiographic features of PFE and correlate them with the clinical presentation and initial treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective analysis of patients with a diagnosis of PFE was conducted between 2000 and 2015. We assessed the clinical history, symptoms at the time of diagnosis, echocardiographic features, and initial treatment...
August 26, 2016: Echocardiography
Shin Saito, Seigo Shindo, Shun Tsudaka, Kazutaka Uchida, Manabu Shirakawa, Shinichi Yoshimura
Here we report first 2 cases of patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation with acute cardioembolic stroke in whom thrombi in the left atrial appendage (LAA) were resolved by edoxaban administration. Case 1 reports an 86-year-old woman who suddenly showed right hemiparesis and aphasia due to occlusion of the left middle cerebral artery. She received mechanical thrombectomy and recovered neurologically. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) performed on day 1 demonstrated thrombus in the LAA. The thrombus was resolved on day 13 after initiation of edoxaban (30 mg once daily) instead of warfarin, which was administered before stroke onset...
October 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Philip Y K Pang, Viswa B Nathan
A mobile thrombus in an otherwise normal ascending aorta is rare, but it should be thoroughly searched for in patients with unexplained cerebral or peripheral embolism. We report the case of a 49-year-old man admitted for right lower quadrant abdominal pain secondary to embolic renal infarction. Echocardiography and computed tomography of the chest revealed a 2.5 cm × 1.5 cm hypermobile mass at the distal ascending aorta, which was otherwise normal. No hypercoagulable condition could be identified. The mass was successfully removed with the patient under deep hypothermic circulatory arrest and was confirmed to be a thrombus...
September 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Ziqing Yu, Bing Fan, Hongyi Wu, Xiangfei Wang, Chenguang Li, Rende Xu, Yangang Su, Junbo Ge
BACKGROUND: Systemic embolism, especially septic embolism, is a severe complication of infective endocarditis (IE). However, concurrent embolism to the brain, coronary arteries, and spleen is very rare. Because of the risk of hemorrhage or visceral rupture, anticoagulants are recommended only if an indication is present, e.g. prosthetic valve. Antiplatelet therapy in IE is controversial, but theoretically, this therapy has the potential to prevent and treat thrombosis and embolism in IE...
August 11, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Chee-Keong Wee, Tushar Divakar Gosavi1, Weiting Huang
PURPOSE: Concurrent cerebral and systemic embolism are unusual occurrences. Acute myocardial infarction secondary to coronary embolism are particularly rare with only isolated reports in the literature. CASE REPORT: A 49-year old Chinese man presented with right posterior cerebral artery infarction to our hospital. He developed chest pain and ST-elevation on ECG the next morning. Urgent cardiac catheterization showed a right coronary artery as well as a right profunda femoris artery occlusion...
September 2015: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
Kazuo Kitagawa
Cryptogenic stroke is one-fourth among cerebral infarction, but most of them could be ascribed to embolic stroke. ESUS was proposed for unifying embolic stroke of undetermined sources by Hart et al. in 2014. The etiologies underlying ESUS included minor-risk potential cardioembolic sources, covert paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, cancer-associated coagulopathy and embolism, arteriogenic emboli, and paroxysmal embolism. Extensive evaluation including transesophageal echocardiography and cardiac monitoring for long time could identify the etiology of these patients...
April 2016: Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine
Anetta Lasek-Bal, Zbigniew Gąsior
INTRODUCTION: Approximately 10-15% of patients with stroke are under 65 years of age. The aim of the study was to determine types of stroke In people below 65. We analysed the incidence and types of associated cardiovascular diseases in patients with non-cardiogenic stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this prospective study patients (aged ≤ 65) with stroke underwent physical examination, computed tomography of the head, blood tests, electrocardiogram, echocardiography, and transcranial and carotid artery ultrasound...
June 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Jung-Hye Choi, Jeong-Eun Park, Jang-Young Kim, Taeyoung Kang
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is frequently associated with various extra-joint complications. Although rare, thromboembolic complications are associated with high morbidity and mortality. We experienced a very rare case of nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis (NBTE) and subsequent embolic stroke in a patient with RA. A 72-year-old male with a 15-year history of RA suddenly developed neurologic symptoms of vomiting and dizziness. Brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed recently developed multiple cerebellar and cerebral lacunar infarctions...
May 2016: Korean Circulation Journal
Costantino Balestra, Peter Germonpré
SCUBA diving exposes divers to decompression sickness (DCS). There has been considerable debate whether divers with a Patent Foramen Ovale of the heart have a higher risk of DCS because of the possible right-to-left shunt of venous decompression bubbles into the arterial circulation. Symptomatic neurological DCS has been shown to cause permanent damage to brain and spinal cord tissue; it has been suggested that divers with PFO may be at higher risk of developing subclinical brain lesions because of repeated asymptomatic embolization of decompression-induced nitrogen bubbles...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Rodrigo de Lima E Souza, Bruno Tavares Apgaua, João Daniel Milhomens, Francisco Tadeu Motta Albuquerque, Luiz Antônio Carneiro, Márcio Henrique Mendes, Tiago Carvalho Garcia, Clerisson Paiva, Felipe Ladeia, Deiler Célio Jeunon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Fat embolism syndrome may occur in patients suffering from multiple trauma (long bone fractures) or plastic surgery (liposuction), compromising the circulatory, respiratory and/or central nervous systems. This report shows the evolution of severe fat embolism syndrome after liposuction and fat grafting. CASE REPORT: SSS, 42 years old, ASA 1, no risk factors for thrombosis, candidate for abdominal liposuction and breast implant prosthesis...
May 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Lars-Peder Pallesen, Margaretha Ragaller, Jessica Kepplinger, Kristian Barlinn, Charlotte Zerna, Timo Siepmann, Baerbel Wiedemann, Silke Braun, Matthias Weise, Ulf Bodechtel, Volker Puetz
OBJECTIVES: Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is the diagnostic gold standard for the detection of structural heart diseases as potential sources of cardiac emboli in patients with acute cerebral ischemia. We sought to determine the diagnostic yield of TEE in patients with acute ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed consecutive patients with acute cerebral ischemia who were admitted to our hospital between October 2008 and December 2011...
April 2016: Echocardiography
A J Fischer, P Lebiedz, M Wiaderek, M Lichtenberg, D Böse, S Martens, F Breuckmann
If myocardial infarction remains silent, only clinical signs of complications may unveil its presence. Life-threatening complications include myocardial rupture, thrombus formation, or arterial embolization. In the presented case, a 76-year-old patient was admitted with left-sided hemiparesis. In duplex sonography, a critical stenosis of the right internal carotid artery was identified and initially but retrospectively incorrectly judged as the potential cause for ischemia. During operative thromboendarterectomy, arterial embolism of the right leg occurred coincidentally, more likely pointing towards a cardioembolic origin...
2016: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
Ana Dimitrović, Tomislav Breitenfeld, Višnja Supanc, Marina Roje-Bedeković, Silva Butković Soldo, Vesna Vargek-Solter
We describe a 59-year-old stroke patient presented with sudden onset left side weakness and a speech disorder due to a major acute cerebral infarction in the area of the right middle cerebral artery, right posterior cerebral artery, and small infarctions in the area of the left middle and left posterior cerebral artery. For the previous month, the patient had been feeling weak and had no appetite. The patient had not been previously seriously ill. A chest x-ray showed a large mass in the upper zone of the right lung...
May 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Mária Záňová, Zdeněk Monhart
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary embolism (PE) together with coronary heart disease and arterial hypertension are most common diseases of cardiovascular system. Due to its high mortality rate it is worth of attention. AIM: to describe characteristics of patients with PE, provide data about treatment and inpatient mortality rate. Also to identify an occurence of right-sided heart thrombi in patients with PE and efficiency/safety of thrombolytic therapy in this subpopulation...
December 2015: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Takahiro Sato, Naoki Saji, Kazuto Kobayashi, Kensaku Shibazaki, Kazumi Kimura
A 64-year-old man developed right arm weakness and dysarthria, and was admitted to our hospital. Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed a high intensity area in the frontal lobe. T2*-weighted images showed multiple spotty low intensity lesions in bilateral cerebral hemispheres, mimicking cerebral microbleeds. Cerebral angiography showed multiple aneurysms in the anterior, middle, posterior cerebral arteries and cerebellar arteries. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed a floating structure in the left atrial chamber, indicating cardiac myxoma...
2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Francesca Puledda, Massimiliano Toscano, Alessio Pieroni, Gabriele Veneroso, Vittorio Di Piero, Edoardo Vicenzini
BACKGROUND: Air-saline transcranial Doppler is nowadays the first-choice examination to identify right-to-left shunt. To increase right-to-left shunt detection in echocardiography, cardiologists also use air-gelatin mixtures, which are more stable, more echogenic, and easier to be prepared. AIM: We assessed the sensitivity of air-gelatin compared with air-saline for transcranial Doppler right-to-left shunt detection. METHODS: Air-saline transcranial Doppler, during unilateral middle cerebral artery monitoring at rest and after Valsalva maneuver, was performed in patients referred to our neurosonology laboratory for right-to-left shunt detection...
February 2016: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
Miki Tomura, Koichi Satoh, Mami Hanaoka, Tetsuya Tamura, Tomoya Kinouchi, Kiyohito Shinno, Hajimu Miyake, Hitoshi Niki, Akihiro Shoji
A 35-year-old woman with a history of infertility, was presented to our hospital because of impaired consciousness and cerebellar ataxia, 14 days after in vitro fertilization. She received an embryo transfer under controlled ovarian hyper-stimulation. Magnetic resonance images revealed acute infarction in the cerebellum and brainstem. Magnetic resonance angiography showed a basilar artery occlusion at the end point. Following immediate intravenous rt-PA treatment, the symptoms disappeared completely. A transesophageal echocardiography revealed an atrial septal defect with a continuous left to right shunt...
October 2015: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
Rahul S Sinha, Zeeshan Hussain, Nirmanmoh Bhatia, Marcus F Stoddard
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cardio-embolic phenomenon is believed to underlie a significant proportion of cryptogenic strokes. We recently showed that intrapulmonary shunt (IPS) was associated with cryptogenic stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA). We hypothesized that patients with prior cryptogenic stroke or TIA that had an IPS were at a higher risk for recurrent ischemic events. METHODS: The population included subjects with cryptogenic cerebrovascular accident (CVA) or TIA...
February 2016: Echocardiography
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