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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049884/a-case-of-cardioembolic-stroke-due-to-intracardiac-papillary-fibroelastoma-evaluated-by-using-transesophageal-echocardiography
#1
Yuichiro Ohya, Shigeru Fujimoto, Makoto Kanazawa, Naoki Tagawa, Masato Osaki, Takanari Kitazono
A 62-year-old woman had a prior ischemic stroke in the right temporal lobe with dysarthria and dysesthesia of the left hand. Embolic stroke of undetermined source (ESUS) was diagnosed and warfarin was administered. However, transient ischemic attack recurred upon admission to our hospital. Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and cerebral arterial stenotic lesions were absent. Transesophageal echocardiography revealed a mobile hyperechoic structure on the aortic valve indicating papillary fibroelastoma. She was diagnosed with a brain embolism due to the intracardiac tumor which was surgically excised and pathologically confirmed as papillary fibroelastoma...
December 28, 2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049202/aortic-atherosclerosis-determines-increased-retrograde-blood-flow-as-a-potential-mechanism-of-retrograde-embolic-stroke
#2
Thomas Wehrum, Felix Guenther, Werner Vach, Beryl Primrose Gladstone, Sarah Wendel, Alexander Fuchs, Kehzong Wu, Christoph Johannes Maurer, Andreas Harloff
BACKGROUND: Retrograde brain embolization from complex plaques of the proximal descending aorta (DAo) has been identified as a new potential mechanism of stroke. Our purpose was to identify predictors of increased retrograde aortic blood flow indicating an elevated risk of brain embolization from the DAo. METHODS: A total of 485 patients with acute ischemic stroke were prospectively included and underwent transesophageal echocardiography. Blood flow velocities in the proximal DAo were studied using 2D pulse-wave Doppler ultrasound...
January 4, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011359/detection-of-a-rare-complication-of-endovascular-treatment-for-brain-avm-by-echocardiography
#3
Mozhgan Parsaee, Sedigheh Saedi, Sepideh Emami, Alireza Serati
A brain arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a congenital malformation of the vascular system, in which an abnormal short circuit (vascular malformation) connects cerebral arteries and veins. When the brain AVMs are diagnosed, the majority of them must be closed with surgical or endovascular treatment; because only a small portion of the brain AVMs remain asymptomatic during the patient's life. Endovascular trans-arterial embolization using Onyx is a suitable method of treating brain AVMs. Previously known complications of onyx usage are bleeding and neurologic deficits...
December 21, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009949/a-patient-with-quadricuspid-aortic-valve-and-ischemic-stroke
#4
Maximillian Krisper, Clemens Köhncke, Felicitas Escher, Daniel A Morris, Carsten Tschöpe, Burkert Pieske
Quadricuspid aortic valve (QAV) is a rare congenital cardiac defect. Aortic regurgitation is the predominant hemodynamically relevant abnormality in patients with QAV, and the main reason for patients requiring valve surgery. Calcific valve disease of the left heart valves is classified as 'low embolic risk' according to current guidelines. However, it remains an important risk factor of cardiovascular events, including ischemic stroke. A 71-year-old woman presented with new-onset aphasia and hemiparesis of the right side of her body...
July 2016: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993446/multiple-thromboembolic-cerebral-infarctions-from-the-aorta-in-a-patient-with-churg-strauss-syndrome
#5
Hideo Okada
BACKGROUND: Ischemic stroke is a rare complication of Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) and its pathogenesis has not been well clarified yet. We report a case of cerebral infarction in a patient with CSS due to embolism from a thrombus on the wall of the aorta. CASE: A 39-year-old man had multiple cerebral infarctions with symptoms of mild left hemiparesis and reduced vision. He was clinically diagnosed to have CSS based on remarkable eosinophilia, history of asthma, sinusitis, pulmonary infiltrates, and histologically proven extravascular eosinophilic infiltrates in the specimen of gastric mucosa...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915586/rosuvastatin-prevents-aortic-arch-plaque-progression-and-improves-prognosis-in-ischemic-stroke-patients
#6
Kazuyoshi Kaneko, Hiroki Saito, Toshiki Sasaki, Shigeo Sugawara, Masahiro Akasaka, Tohru Kanaya, Isao Kubota
OBJECTIVES: Complicated aortic arch plaques (CAP) and their progression are important for recurrent ischemic stroke (IS) and its prognosis. We investigated the effects and clinical benefits of rosuvastatin therapy on this pathophysiology. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether rosuvastatin prevention of aortic arch plaque progression improved the prognosis of IS patients. METHODS: Ninety-seven consecutive acute cerebral embolism patients were retrospectively surveyed...
December 5, 2016: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909274/-three-mitral-valve-operations-in-a-patient-with-trousseau-syndrome-and-nonbacterial-thrombotic-endocarditis-caused-by-ovarian-cancer
#7
Masahito Saito, Naoki Asano, Kazunori Ota, Kazuho Niimi, Koyu Tanaka, Shigeyoshi Gon, Hiroshi Takano
A 52-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital for acute right hemi-paresis, left homonymous hemianopia, and fever. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed multiple cerebral infarctions and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) revealed a vegetation on the posterior leaflet of her mitral valve. Mitral valve repair was performed under a diagnosis of infective endocarditis (IE). Further multiple cerebral infarctions occurred on the 11th postoperative day, resulting in left hemiplegia and dysarthria...
December 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832757/mid-term-results-of-interventional-closure-of-patent-foramen-ovale-with-the-occlutech-figulla-%C3%A2-flex-ii-occluder
#8
Jonas Neuser, Muharrem Akin, Udo Bavendiek, Tibor Kempf, Johann Bauersachs, Julian D Widder
BACKGROUND: Patients with a patent foramen ovale (PFO) who suffered from stroke, TIA or peripheral paradoxical embolism are at substantial risk for recurrent neurologic events and in need for secondary prevention. Interventional closure of PFO has been performed for over 20 years. Numerous devices have been developed and used for treatment. We investigated PFO closure with the third generation Occlutech Figulla(®) Flex II Occluder device. METHODS: Between 2012 and 2015 57 patients (mean age 47...
November 10, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790125/a-case-of-turner-syndrome-with-multiple-embolic-infarcts
#9
Cindy W Yoon, Eungseok Lee, Byung-Nam Yoon, Hee-Kwon Park, Joung-Ho Rha
Only a few cases of Turner syndrome (TS) with ischemic stroke have been reported. Various arteriopathies of the cerebral arteries, including fibromuscular dysplasia, congenital hypoplasia, moyamoya syndrome, and premature atherosclerosis have been assumed to be the cause of ischemic stroke in TS. There has been no case report of a TS patient presenting with an embolic stroke pattern without any cerebral arteriopathy. A 28-year-old woman with TS was referred to our hospital because of abnormal brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings...
September 2016: Case Reports in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642478/cerebral-embolism-complicating-left-atrial-myxoma-a-case-report
#10
Zairi Ihsen, Mssaad Hela, Mzoughi Khadija, Jnifene Zouhayer
Cardiac myxoma are the most common benign primary cardiac tumors that can lead to many complications as described in literature. Here we report the case of a boy aged 11 that was referred for etiological diagnosis of ischemic stroke. Transthoracic echocardiography reveals a myxoma in the left atrium. Patient was referred to surgery. The diagnosis was confirmed and the mass was completely resected.
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586319/-cardiac-angiosarcoma-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-due-to-tumor-embolism-report-of-a-case
#11
Yusuke Date, Katsuyuki Miyazu, Masahiro Ikeda
We report the case of a 28-year-old man with a rare angiosarcoma complicated by acute myocardial infarction secondary to tumor embolism. He was transported to our emergency unit because of sudden onset of chest pain. The echocardiography showed a 42×60 mm mass in the left ventricle, and the coronary angiography showed embolic occlusion of the proximal left anterior descending and circumflex arteries. Emergent surgical removal of the mass was attempted under cardiopulmonary bypass, concomitant with double coronary artery bypass grafting and mitral valve replacement with a mechanical prosthesis...
September 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566126/papillary-fibroelastoma-clinical-and-echocardiographic-features-and-initial-approach-in-54-cases
#12
Tomás Francisco Cianciulli, Juan Bautista Soumoulou, Jorge Alberto Lax, María Cristina Saccheri, Alberto Cozzarin, Martín Alejandro Beck, Daniel Ernesto Ferreiro, Horacio Alberto Prezioso
INTRODUCTION: Papillary fibroelastoma (PFE) is a benign cardiac tumor that is currently detected more often due to the technological improvements in echocardiography. OBJECTIVES: To describe the echocardiographic features of PFE and correlate them with the clinical presentation and initial treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective analysis of patients with a diagnosis of PFE was conducted between 2000 and 2015. We assessed the clinical history, symptoms at the time of diagnosis, echocardiographic features, and initial treatment...
December 2016: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562709/resolving-thrombus-in-the-left-atrial-appendage-by-edoxaban-treatment-after-acute-ischemic-stroke-report-of-2-cases
#13
Shin Saito, Seigo Shindo, Shun Tsudaka, Kazutaka Uchida, Manabu Shirakawa, Shinichi Yoshimura
Here we report first 2 cases of patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation with acute cardioembolic stroke in whom thrombi in the left atrial appendage (LAA) were resolved by edoxaban administration. Case 1 reports an 86-year-old woman who suddenly showed right hemiparesis and aphasia due to occlusion of the left middle cerebral artery. She received mechanical thrombectomy and recovered neurologically. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) performed on day 1 demonstrated thrombus in the LAA. The thrombus was resolved on day 13 after initiation of edoxaban (30 mg once daily) instead of warfarin, which was administered before stroke onset...
October 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549555/successful-thrombectomy-for-an-idiopathic-floating-ascending-aortic-thrombus
#14
Philip Y K Pang, Viswa B Nathan
A mobile thrombus in an otherwise normal ascending aorta is rare, but it should be thoroughly searched for in patients with unexplained cerebral or peripheral embolism. We report the case of a 49-year-old man admitted for right lower quadrant abdominal pain secondary to embolic renal infarction. Echocardiography and computed tomography of the chest revealed a 2.5 cm × 1.5 cm hypermobile mass at the distal ascending aorta, which was otherwise normal. No hypercoagulable condition could be identified. The mass was successfully removed with the patient under deep hypothermic circulatory arrest and was confirmed to be a thrombus...
September 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514369/multiple-systemic-embolism-in-infective-endocarditis-underlying-in-barlow-s-disease
#15
Ziqing Yu, Bing Fan, Hongyi Wu, Xiangfei Wang, Chenguang Li, Rende Xu, Yangang Su, Junbo Ge
BACKGROUND: Systemic embolism, especially septic embolism, is a severe complication of infective endocarditis (IE). However, concurrent embolism to the brain, coronary arteries, and spleen is very rare. Because of the risk of hemorrhage or visceral rupture, anticoagulants are recommended only if an indication is present, e.g. prosthetic valve. Antiplatelet therapy in IE is controversial, but theoretically, this therapy has the potential to prevent and treat thrombosis and embolism in IE...
August 11, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27333833/the-clot-strikes-thrice-case-report-of-a-patient-with-3-concurrent-embolic-events
#16
Chee-Keong Wee, Tushar Divakar Gosavi1, Weiting Huang
PURPOSE: Concurrent cerebral and systemic embolism are unusual occurrences. Acute myocardial infarction secondary to coronary embolism are particularly rare with only isolated reports in the literature. CASE REPORT: A 49-year old Chinese man presented with right posterior cerebral artery infarction to our hospital. He developed chest pain and ST-elevation on ECG the next morning. Urgent cardiac catheterization showed a right coronary artery as well as a right profunda femoris artery occlusion...
September 2015: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27333746/-esus-embolic-stroke-of-undetermined-sources
#17
REVIEW
Kazuo Kitagawa
Cryptogenic stroke is one-fourth among cerebral infarction, but most of them could be ascribed to embolic stroke. ESUS was proposed for unifying embolic stroke of undetermined sources by Hart et al. in 2014. The etiologies underlying ESUS included minor-risk potential cardioembolic sources, covert paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, cancer-associated coagulopathy and embolism, arteriogenic emboli, and paroxysmal embolism. Extensive evaluation including transesophageal echocardiography and cardiac monitoring for long time could identify the etiology of these patients...
April 2016: Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279848/cardiovascular-diseases-in-patients-65-years-and-younger-with-non-cardiogenic-stroke
#18
Anetta Lasek-Bal, Zbigniew Gąsior
INTRODUCTION: Approximately 10-15% of patients with stroke are under 65 years of age. The aim of the study was to determine types of stroke In people below 65. We analysed the incidence and types of associated cardiovascular diseases in patients with non-cardiogenic stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this prospective study patients (aged ≤ 65) with stroke underwent physical examination, computed tomography of the head, blood tests, electrocardiogram, echocardiography, and transcranial and carotid artery ultrasound...
June 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27275182/non-bacterial-thrombotic-endocarditis-in-a-patient-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#19
Jung-Hye Choi, Jeong-Eun Park, Jang-Young Kim, Taeyoung Kang
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is frequently associated with various extra-joint complications. Although rare, thromboembolic complications are associated with high morbidity and mortality. We experienced a very rare case of nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis (NBTE) and subsequent embolic stroke in a patient with RA. A 72-year-old male with a 15-year history of RA suddenly developed neurologic symptoms of vomiting and dizziness. Brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed recently developed multiple cerebellar and cerebral lacunar infarctions...
May 2016: Korean Circulation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27242609/correlation-between-patent-foramen-ovale-cerebral-lesions-and-neuropsychometric-testing-in-experienced-sports-divers-does-diving-damage-the-brain
#20
Costantino Balestra, Peter Germonpré
SCUBA diving exposes divers to decompression sickness (DCS). There has been considerable debate whether divers with a Patent Foramen Ovale of the heart have a higher risk of DCS because of the possible right-to-left shunt of venous decompression bubbles into the arterial circulation. Symptomatic neurological DCS has been shown to cause permanent damage to brain and spinal cord tissue; it has been suggested that divers with PFO may be at higher risk of developing subclinical brain lesions because of repeated asymptomatic embolization of decompression-induced nitrogen bubbles...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
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