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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628795/knockout-of-the-nogo-b-gene-attenuates-tumor-growth-and-metastasis-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#1
Bo Zhu, Shaobo Chen, Xiaoding Hu, Xiaofeng Jin, Yichen Le, Lihuan Cao, Zhonghua Yuan, Zhen Lin, Songmin Jiang, Lichun Sun, Long Yu
Human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a malignant cancer. It is a challenge to develop anti-HCC drugs due to HCC's extreme aggressiveness and with the sensitivity of the liver to show severe adverse effects. More importantly, the precise mechanisms causing HCC pathogenicity are not known. Our previous study disclosed Nogo-B as a reticulon 4 (Rtn4) family member. In the present study, we first identified that Nogo-B played a critical role in HCC progression. We found, via in vitro and in vivo assays, that Nogo-B was expressed aberrantly in primary HCC tumor tissues and immortal HCC cells but was relatively scarce in the normal liver tissues or cells...
July 2017: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610361/description-of-a-new-species-of-gymnotocinclus-from-the-rio-tocantins-basin-with-phylogenetic-analysis-of-the-subfamily-hypoptopomatinae-siluriformes-loricariidae
#2
Fábio F Roxo, Gabriel S C Silva, Luz Eneida Ochoa, Cláudio H Zawadzki
Gymnotocinclus canoeiro n. sp. of the Hypoptopomatinae is described from small tributaries of the upper rio Tocantins basin. It is distinguished from G. anosteos by having five characters: (1) the presence of body dermal plates, (2) the pectoral girdle not exposed in ventral view, (3) the pelvic spine longer than pectoral spine in males, (4) the pectoral fin with seven to eight branched rays, and (5) the presence of an adipose fin. Furthermore, maximum likelihood (ML) analysis was used to estimate a molecular phylogeny from previously published data of one nuclear (F-Reticulon 4) and three mitochondrial (16S RNA, COI and CytB) genes...
May 17, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495747/reticulon-3-dependent-er-pm-contact-sites-control-egfr-nonclathrin-endocytosis
#3
Giusi Caldieri, Elisa Barbieri, Gilda Nappo, Andrea Raimondi, Massimo Bonora, Alexia Conte, Lisette G G C Verhoef, Stefano Confalonieri, Maria Grazia Malabarba, Fabrizio Bianchi, Alessandro Cuomo, Tiziana Bonaldi, Emanuele Martini, Davide Mazza, Paolo Pinton, Carlo Tacchetti, Simona Polo, Pier Paolo Di Fiore, Sara Sigismund
The integration of endocytic routes is critical to regulate receptor signaling. A nonclathrin endocytic (NCE) pathway of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is activated at high ligand concentrations and targets receptors to degradation, attenuating signaling. Here we performed an unbiased molecular characterization of EGFR-NCE. We identified NCE-specific regulators, including the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident protein reticulon 3 (RTN3) and a specific cargo, CD147. RTN3 was critical for EGFR/CD147-NCE, promoting the creation of plasma membrane (PM)-ER contact sites that were required for the formation and/or maturation of NCE invaginations...
May 12, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453489/changes-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-peptides-due-to-tauopathy
#4
Petra Majerova, Peter Barath, Alena Michalicova, Stanislav Katina, Michal Novak, Andrej Kovac
Alzheimer's disease (AD) and progressive supranuclear palsy are two common neurodegenerative tauopathies, and the most common cause of progressive brain dementia in elderly affecting more than 35 million people. The tauopathies are characterized by abnormal deposition of microtubule associated protein tau into intracellular neurofibrillary tangles composed mainly of the hyperphosphorylated form of the protein. The diagnosis of tauopathies is based on the presence of clinical features and pathological changes...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352901/chemoproteomics-enabled-covalent-ligand-screen-reveals-a-cysteine-hotspot-in-reticulon-4-that-impairs-er-morphology-and-cancer-pathogenicity
#5
L A Bateman, T B Nguyen, A M Roberts, D K Miyamoto, W-M Ku, T R Huffman, Y Petri, M J Heslin, C M Contreras, C F Skibola, J A Olzmann, D K Nomura
Chemical genetics has arisen as a powerful approach for identifying novel anti-cancer agents. However, a major bottleneck of this approach is identifying the targets of lead compounds that arise from screens. Here, we coupled the synthesis and screening of fragment-based cysteine-reactive covalent ligands with activity-based protein profiling (ABPP) chemoproteomic approaches to identify compounds that impair colorectal cancer pathogenicity and map the druggable hotspots targeted by these hits. Through this coupled approach, we discovered a cysteine-reactive acrylamide DKM 3-30 that significantly impaired colorectal cancer cell pathogenicity through targeting C1101 on reticulon 4 (RTN4)...
June 29, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041930/a-single-legionella-effector-catalyzes-a-multistep-ubiquitination-pathway-to-rearrange-tubular-endoplasmic-reticulum-for-replication
#6
Kristin M Kotewicz, Vinay Ramabhadran, Nicole Sjoblom, Joseph P Vogel, Eva Haenssler, Mengyun Zhang, Jessica Behringer, Rebecca A Scheck, Ralph R Isberg
Intracellular pathogens manipulate host organelles to support replication within cells. For Legionella pneumophila, the bacterium translocates proteins that establish an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated replication compartment. We show here that the bacterial Sde proteins target host reticulon 4 (Rtn4) to control tubular ER dynamics, resulting in tubule rearrangements as well as alterations in Rtn4 associated with the replication compartment. These rearrangements are triggered via Sde-promoted ubiquitin transfer to Rtn4, occurring almost immediately after bacterial uptake...
February 8, 2017: Cell Host & Microbe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786289/nogo-a-rtn4a-and-nogo-b-rtn4b-are-simultaneously-expressed-in-epithelial-fibroblast-and-neuronal-cells-and-maintain-er-morphology
#7
Olli Rämö, Darshan Kumar, Erika Gucciardo, Merja Joensuu, Maiju Saarekas, Helena Vihinen, Ilya Belevich, Olli-Pekka Smolander, Kui Qian, Petri Auvinen, Eija Jokitalo
Reticulons (RTNs) are a large family of membrane associated proteins with various functions. NOGO-A/RTN4A has a well-known function in limiting neurite outgrowth and restricting the plasticity of the mammalian central nervous system. On the other hand, Reticulon 4 proteins were shown to be involved in forming and maintaining endoplasmic reticulum (ER) tubules. Using comparative transcriptome analysis and qPCR, we show here that NOGO-B/RTN4B and NOGO-A/RTN4A are simultaneously expressed in cultured epithelial, fibroblast and neuronal cells...
October 27, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744421/plasticity-related-gene-3-prg3-overcomes-myelin-associated-growth-inhibition-and-promotes-functional-recovery-after-spinal-cord-injury
#8
Thomas Broggini, Lisa Schnell, Ali Ghoochani, José María Mateos, Michael Buchfelder, Kurt Wiendieck, Michael K Schäfer, Ilker Y Eyupoglu, Nicolai E Savaskan
The Plasticity Related Gene family covers five, brain-specific, transmembrane proteins (PRG1-5, also termed LPPR1-5) that operate in neuronal plasticity during development, aging and brain trauma. Here we investigated the role of the PRG family on axonal and filopodia outgrowth. Comparative analysis revealed the strongest outgrowth induced by PRG3 (LPPR1). During development, PRG3 is ubiquitously located at the tip of neuronal processes and at the plasma membrane and declines with age. In utero electroporation of PRG3 induced dendritic protrusions and accelerated spine formations in cortical pyramidal neurons...
October 15, 2016: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378925/downregulation-of-gstk1-is-a-common-mechanism-underlying-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#9
Shota Sasagawa, Yuhei Nishimura, Shiko Okabe, Soichiro Murakami, Yoshifumi Ashikawa, Mizuki Yuge, Koki Kawaguchi, Reiko Kawase, Ryuji Okamoto, Masaaki Ito, Toshio Tanaka
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is characterized by left ventricular hypertrophy and is associated with a number of potential outcomes, including impaired diastolic function, heart failure, and sudden cardiac death. Various etiologies have been described for HCM, including pressure overload and mutations in sarcomeric and non-sarcomeric genes. However, the molecular pathogenesis of HCM remains incompletely understood. In this study, we performed comparative transcriptome analysis to identify dysregulated genes common to five mouse HCM models of differing etiology: (i) mutation of myosin heavy chain 6, (ii) mutation of tropomyosin 1, (iii) expressing human phospholamban on a null background, (iv) knockout of frataxin, and (v) transverse aortic constriction...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27276652/reticulon-4a-nogo-a-influences-the-distribution-of-kir4-1-but-is-not-essential-for-potassium-conductance-in-retinal-m%C3%A3-ller-glia
#10
Sandrine Joly, Dana A Dodd, Benjamin F Grewe, Vincent Pernet
In the adult retina, we have previously shown that Nogo-A was highly expressed in Müller glia. However, the role of Nogo-A in the glial cell physiology is not clear. In this study, we investigated the possible influence that Nogo-A may exert on other polarized molecules in Müller cells, in particular inwardly rectifying potassium channel 4.1 (Kir4.1) and aquaporin 4 (AQP4) that respectively control potassium and water exchange in glial cells. Our results showed that adenovirus-mediated Nogo-A overexpression with AdNogo-A increased the immunofluorescent signal of Kir4...
August 3, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27109183/nogo-a-inhibits-the-migration-and-invasion-of-human-malignant-glioma-u87mg-cells
#11
Shu-Guang Jin, Hyang-Hwa Ryu, Song-Yuan Li, Chun-Hao Li, Sa-Hoe Lim, Woo-Youl Jang, Shin Jung
Nogo or reticulon-4 (RTN4), also known as neurite outgrowth inhibitor, is a member of the reticulon family of genes. Nogo-A, one of the three isoforms, is enriched in the central nervous system (CNS). The extracellular domain of Nogo-A, Nogo-66, has neurite growth inhibitory activity that is specific for neurons and is mediated by the Nogo receptor. However, most of its functions are not known yet. We investigated whether Nogo-A modulates the migration and invasion of a glioblastoma cell line, as well as the factors that have an effect on Nogo-A...
June 2016: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26945033/delayed-gelatinase-inhibition-induces-reticulon-4-receptor-expression-in-the-peri-infarct-cortex
#12
Sándor Nardai, Arpád Dobolyi, Judit Skopál, Kinga Lakatos, Béla Merkely, Zoltán Nagy
Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibition can potentially prevent hemorrhagic transformation following cerebral infarction; however, delayed-phase MMP activity is also necessary for functional recovery after experimental stroke. We sought to identify potential mechanisms responsible for the impaired recovery associated with subacute MMP inhibition in a transient middle cerebral artery occlusion model of focal ischemia in CD rats. Gelatinase inhibition was achieved by intracerebral injection of the Fn-439 MMP inhibitor 7 days after stroke...
April 2016: Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26609158/human-umbilical-tissue-derived-cells-promote-synapse-formation-and-neurite-outgrowth-via-thrombospondin-family-proteins
#13
Sehwon Koh, Namsoo Kim, Henry H Yin, Ian R Harris, Nadine S Dejneka, Cagla Eroglu
UNLABELLED: Cell therapy demonstrates great potential for the treatment of neurological disorders. Human umbilical tissue-derived cells (hUTCs) were previously shown to have protective and regenerative effects in animal models of stroke and retinal degeneration, but the underlying therapeutic mechanisms are unknown. Because synaptic dysfunction, synapse loss, degeneration of neuronal processes, and neuronal death are hallmarks of neurological diseases and retinal degenerations, we tested whether hUTCs contribute to tissue repair and regeneration by stimulating synapse formation, neurite outgrowth, and neuronal survival...
November 25, 2015: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26605911/shared-molecular-mechanisms-in-alzheimer-s-disease-and-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-neurofilament-dependent-transport-of-sapp-fus-tdp-43-and-sod1-with-endoplasmic-reticulum-like-tubules
#14
Virgil Muresan, Zoia Ladescu Muresan
BACKGROUND: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a debilitating neurodegenerative disorder of the motor neurons, leads to the disorganization of the neurofilament (NF) cytoskeleton and - ultimately - the deterioration of the neuromuscular junction. Some familial cases of ALS are caused by mutated FUS, TDP-43 or SOD1; it is thought that the mutated proteins inflict pathology either by gain or loss of function. The proper function of the neuromuscular junction requires sAPP, a soluble proteolytic fragment of the amyloid-β precursor protein (APP) - a transmembrane protein implicated in the pathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD)...
2016: Neuro-degenerative Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26191384/anti-aging-effect-and-gene-expression-profiling-of-aged-rats-treated-with-g-bimaculatus-extract
#15
Mi Young Ahn, Jae Sam Hwang, Eun Young Yun, Min-Ji Kim, Kun-Koo Park
Extract from Gryllus bimaculatus crickets inhibits oxidation at the DNA level, with reduced production of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG). Microarray analyses were performed with a rat 28K cDNA clone set array to identify the gene expression profiles of aged (10 months old) Wistar Kyoto rats treated for one month with 100 mg/kg G. bimaculatus ethanol extract to assess the effects. The extract produced a meaningful anti-edema effect, evident by the inhibition of creatinine phosphokinase activity. The weights of abdominal and ovarian adipose tissues were reduced and the proportion of unsaturated fatty acids in adipose tissues was increased in an extract dose-dependent manner...
June 2015: Toxicological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26174362/nogo-b-protects-mice-against-lipopolysaccharide-induced-acute-lung-injury
#16
Wujian Xu, Ying Zhu, Yunye Ning, Yuchao Dong, Haidong Huang, Wei Zhang, Qinying Sun, Qiang Li
Nogo-B, a member of the reticulon 4 protein family, plays a critical role in tissue repair and acute inflammation. Its role in acute lung injury (ALI) remains unclear. Here, we assessed the function of Nogo-B during tissue injury in a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI mouse model. We found that pulmonary Nogo-B was significantly repressed after LPS instillation in C57BL/6 mice. Over-expression of pulmonary Nogo-B using an adenovirus vector carrying the Nogo-B-RFP-3flag gene (Ad-Nogo-B) significantly prolonged the survival of mice challenged with a lethal dose of LPS...
July 15, 2015: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26099580/endoplasmic-reticulum-tubule-protein-reticulon-4-associates-with-the-legionella-pneumophila-vacuole-and-with-translocated-substrate-ceg9
#17
Eva Haenssler, Vinay Ramabhadran, Connor S Murphy, Matthew I Heidtman, Ralph R Isberg
Intracellular growth of Legionella pneumophila occurs in a replication vacuole constructed by host proteins that regulate vesicular traffic from the host endoplasmic reticulum (ER). This process is promoted by a combination of approximately 300 Icm/Dot translocated substrates (IDTS). One of these proteins, Ceg9, was previously identified in a screen for L. pneumophila IDTS that manipulate secretory traffic when overexpressed in yeast. Using ectopic expression of Ceg9 in mammalian cells, we demonstrate that Ceg9 interacts with isoforms of host reticulon 4 (Rtn4), a protein that regulates ER tubule formation...
September 2015: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26083872/a-common-functional-allele-of-the-nogo-receptor-gene-reticulon-4-receptor-rtn4r-is-associated-with-sporadic-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-in-a-french-population
#18
Maïté Amy, Oliver Staehlin, Frédérique René, Hélène Blasco, Sylviane Marouillat, Hussein Daoud, Patrick Vourc'h, Paul H Gordon, William Camu, Philippe Corcia, Jean-Philippe Loeffler, Miklós Palkovits, Wolfgang H Sommer, Christian R Andres
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is sporadic (SALS) in 90% of cases and has complex environmental and genetic influences. Nogo protein inhibits neurite outgrowth and is overexpressed in muscle in ALS. Our aims were to study the reticulon 4 receptor gene RTN4R which encodes Nogo 1 receptor (NgR1) in SALS, to test if the variants were associated with variable expression of the gene and whether NgR1 protein expression was modified in a transgenic mouse model of ALS. We genotyped three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs; rs701421, rs701427, and rs1567871) of the RTN4R gene in 364 SALS French patients and 430 controls...
2015: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25946643/ras-transformation-results-in-cleavage-of-reticulon-protein-nogo-b-that-is-associated-with-impairment-of-ifn-response
#19
Dae-Gyun Ahn, Tanveer Sharif, Kenneth Chisholm, Devanand M Pinto, Shashi A Gujar, Patrick W K Lee
Dysregulation of Ras signaling is the major cause of various cancers. Aberrant Ras signaling, however, provides a favorable environment for many viruses, making them suitable candidates as cancer-killing therapeutic agents. Susceptibility of cancer cells to such viruses is mainly due to impaired type I interferon (IFN) response, often as a result of activated Ras/ERK signaling in these cells. In this study, we searched for cellular factors modulated by Ras signaling and their potential involvement in promoting viral oncolysis...
2015: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25501600/the-endogenous-caspase-8-inhibitor-c-flipl-regulates-er-morphology-and-crosstalk-with-mitochondria
#20
E S Marini, C Giampietri, S Petrungaro, S Conti, A Filippini, L Scorrano, E Ziparo
Components of the death receptor-mediated pathways like caspase-8 have been identified in complexes at intracellular membranes to spatially restrict the processing of local targets. In this study, we report that the long isoform of the cellular FLICE-inhibitory protein (c-FLIP(L)), a well-known inhibitor of the extrinsic cell death initiator caspase-8, localizes at the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and mitochondria-associated membranes (MAMs). ER morphology was disrupted and ER Ca(2+)-release as well as ER-mitochondria tethering was decreased in c-FLIP(-/-) mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs)...
July 2015: Cell Death and Differentiation
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