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Orthoptics and Refraction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201538/vision-in-stroke-cohort-profile-overview-of-visual-impairment
#1
Fiona J Rowe
Aim: To profile the full range of visual disorders from a large prospective observation study of stroke survivors referred by stroke multidisciplinary teams to orthoptic services with suspected visual problems. Methods: Multicenter prospective study undertaken in 20 acute Trust hospitals. Standardized screening/referral forms and investigation forms documented data on referral signs and symptoms plus type and extent of visual impairment. Results: Of 1,345 patients referred with suspected visual impairment, 915 were recruited (59% men; mean age at stroke onset 69 years [SD 14])...
November 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145257/clinical-features-of-acute-acquired-comitant-esotropia-in-the-chinese-populations
#2
Tao Fu, Jing Wang, Moran Levin, Ping Xi, Dongguo Li, Junfa Li
Acute acquired comitant esotropia (AACE) is an unusual presentation of esotropia that occurs after infancy. This study was aimed to study the clinical features and the differences between children and adult patients with AACE in the Chinese populations.This was a retrospective analysis of patients diagnosed with AACE over 4 years; 69 patients (25 females and 44 males) were identified. The patients were divided into 3 groups: < 10 year-old (n = 6, 8.7%), 10-18 year-old (n = 23, 33.3%), and ≥18 year-old (n = 40, 58...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135316/final-visual-outcomes-and-treatment-received-for-children-referred-from-a-uk-primary-school-visual-screening-program-a-comparison-of-an-orthoptic-led-program-with-orthoptic-delivered-services
#3
Tess Garretty
There is little published evidence relating to the final visual acuity of children who are identified as having reduced vision at a school screening program. The school vision screening program in Leeds (led by an orthoptist but delivered by health care support workers within the school nursing team) is examined. RESULTS: 7807 children were screened in school between November 1, 2013, and September 1, 2014. Of these, 319 (4%) failed the screen and were referred to the general optometry service and 547 (7%) were referred to the Children's Community Eye Service (CCES)...
November 14, 2017: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117610/-evaluation-of-ophthalmic-follow-up-care-of-former-pre-term-and-full-term-infants-aged-from-4-to-10-years-in-germany-results-of-the-wiesbaden-prematurity-study-wps
#4
Achim Fieß, Ruth Kölb-Keerl, Heike Maria Elflein, Alexander K Schuster, Markus Knuf, Bernd Kirchhof, Isabel Oberacher-Velten, Philipp S Muether, Jacqueline Bauer
Background The purpose of this investigation was to analyse the ophthalmic follow-up care of former pre-term and full-term born infants aged 4 to 10 years in the clinical practice and the comparison to the recommendations of the national ophthalmic guidelines. Methods For the prospective Wiesbaden Prematurity Study (WPS), 503 infants were examined: 239 former pre-term infants (PT) with gestational age (GA) ≤ 32 weeks and 264 former full-term born infants (FT) with a GA ≥ 37 weeks aged 4 to 10 years...
November 8, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861357/the-evolution-of-refractive-status-in-chinese-infants-during-the-first-year-of-life-and-its-affected-factors
#5
Shu-Juan Yu, Guo-Hua Liu, Yi Liu, Jing Huang, Ming-Lei Han, Bo-Jun Zhao, Zhong-Tao Gai
AIM: To study the evolution of the refractive status and examine the affected factors in infants during the first year of life in a large sample size in China. METHODS: A total of 1258 babies (2516 eyes) aged 32wk gestational age to 1y participated in the study, including 766 premature and 492 full-term infants. First, each baby received an orthoptic examination, slit-lamp checking and fundus imaging. Patients with diseases which might affect refractive status were excluded from the cohort...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756763/the-effect-of-omitting-an-early-population-based-vision-screen-in-the-netherlands-a-micro-simulation-model-approach
#6
F Sloot, Eam Heijnsdijk, J H Groenewoud, F Goudsmit, E W Steyerberg, H J de Koning, H J Simonsz
Objective To estimate the effect of omitting an individual screen from a child vision screening programme on the detection of amblyopia in the Netherlands. A previous study (Rotterdam Amblyopia Screening Effectiveness Study) suggested that the three screens carried out between 6 and 24 months contributed little. Methods We developed a micro-simulation model that approximated the birth-cohort data from the previous study, in which 2964 children had completed follow-up at age 7, and 100 amblyopia cases were detected...
September 2017: Journal of Medical Screening
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724819/stability-and-effects-of-muscle-transplantation-for-very-large-angle-esotropia-a-study-of-22-patients
#7
Jitendra Nenumal Jethani, Nirzari Shah, Sonal Amin, Monika Jethani
PURPOSE: A very large angle esotropia is characterized by an angle more than 80 prism diopters (pd). A single eye surgery would not correct such a large angle. Supramaximal recessions and resection would lead to restriction of ocular motility. We present a series of 22 patients with large angle esotropia treated with muscle transplantation. METHODS: A total of 22 patients (14 males and 8 females) were included in the study. All the patients had a minimum of 80 base out deviation in primary position...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456546/causes-of-diplopia-in-patients-with-epiretinal-membranes
#8
Kevin K Veverka, Sarah R Hatt, David A Leske, William L Brown, Raymond Iezzi, Jonathan M Holmes
PURPOSE: To describe the causes of diplopia in patients with an epiretinal membrane (ERM) and presenting diplopia. DESIGN: Retrospective observational case series. METHODS: We reviewed patients diagnosed with an ERM, who had been seen by both retinal and strabismus specialists in a tertiary medical center. Data recorded: orthoptic evaluation, retinal misregistration (optotype-frame test, and synoptophore central peripheral superimposition slides at 5 and 10 degrees), and cause of any diplopia (retinal misregistration vs strabismus vs optical/refractive error)...
July 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414562/a-review-of-cochrane-systematic-reviews-of-interventions-relevant-to-orthoptic-practice
#9
Fiona J Rowe, Sue Elliott, Iris Gordon, Anupa Shah
AIM: To present an overview of the range of systematic reviews on intervention trials pertinent to orthoptic practice, produced by the Cochrane Eyes and Vision group (CEV). METHODS: We searched the 2016 Cochrane Library database (31.03.2016) to identify completed reviews and protocols of direct relevance to orthoptic practice. These reviews are currently completed and published, available on www.thecochranelibrary.com (free to UK health employees) or via the CEV website (http://eyes...
September 2017: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843245/orthoptic-relevance-of-refractive-correction-in-the-phakic-plane-in-unilateral-high-refractive-errors-in-adults
#10
Siddharth Agrawal, Vinita Singh, Ankur Yadav, Vishal Katiyar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806813/anisometropia-and-ptosis-in-patients-with-monocular-elevation-deficiency
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Saemah Nuzhat Zafar, Farrah Islam, Abdul Moqeet Khan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of ptosis on the refractive error in eyes having monocular elevation deficiency. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital, Rawalpindi, from January 2011 to January 2014. METHODOLOGY: Visual acuity, refraction, orthoptic assessment and ptosis evaluation of all patients having monocular elevation deficiency (MED) were recorded. Shapiro-Wilk test was used for tests of normality...
October 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799579/planning-strabismus-surgery-how-to-avoid-pitfalls-and-complications
#12
Maryam Aroichane
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Good surgical results following strabismus surgery depend on several factors. In this article, detailed steps for planning strabismus surgery will be reviewed for basic horizontal strabismus surgery, vertical, and oblique muscle surgeries. The thought process behind each case will be presented to help in selecting the best surgical approach to optimize postoperative results. PATIENTS AND METHOD: The surgical planning for strabismus will be developed with clinical examples from easy cases to more complex ones...
January 2016: American Orthoptic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27521173/ocular-manifestations-of-noonan-syndrome-a-prospective-clinical-and-genetic-study-of-25-patients
#13
Dorothée C van Trier, Anna M C Vos, Renske W Draaijer, Ineke van der Burgt, Jos M Th Draaisma, Johannes R M Cruysberg
PURPOSE: To determine the full spectrum of ocular manifestations in patients with Noonan syndrome (NS). DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional clinical and genetic study in a tertiary referral center. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-five patients with NS (mean age, 14 years; range, 8 months-25 years) clinically diagnosed by validated criteria. METHODS: All patients were examined by the same team following a detailed study protocol...
October 2016: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497605/reliability-and-interexaminer-agreement-for-induced-tropia-test-is-normal-always-normal
#14
Kadriye Erkan Turan, Hande Taylan Sekeroglu, Sevilay Karahan, Ali Sefik Sanac
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability of the fixation preference testing with 10 and 20 diopter prisms ((Δ)) in children without strabismus in order to extrapolate its utility to preverbal children and to determine interexaminer agreement. Fourty children (24 girls, 16 boys) aged between 5 and 16 years with normal ophthalmological examination except refractive errors were included in the study. The visual acuity, refractive errors, and orthoptic findings were recorded. The base-down prism fixation test was performed by two experienced examiners with 10(Δ) and 20(Δ)...
June 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27220260/development-of-strabismus-in-children-initially-diagnosed-with-pseudostrabismus
#15
Nazife Sefi-Yurdakul, Betül Tuğcu
PURPOSE: To evaluate the incidence of strabismus in children initially diagnosed with pseudostrabismus and to identify risk factors for the development of strabismus. METHODS: The medical records of patients who were diagnosed with pseudostrabismus at initial examinations in outpatient clinic were reviewed retrospectively. Follow-up examinations were made at the strabismus department. Age at first examination, gender, family and developmental history, ophthalmic and orthoptic findings including orbit, and eyelid pathologies were investigated...
June 2016: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27116488/eyeglasses-for-children-a-survey-of-daily-practice
#16
C E Hagander, G Traber, K Landau, G P Jaggi
BACKGROUND: Glasses for children are recommended and prescribed by different groups of professionals. We set out to compare the prescription practices of ophthalmologists, orthoptists and optometrists/opticians in Switzerland. METHODS: Online questionnaire on the prescription and recommendation of glasses in fictitious cases of children of different ages, refractive values and symptoms. The questionnaire was sent out to members of the Swiss Ophthalmological Society, Swiss Orthoptics and Schweizerischer Berufsverband für Augenoptik und Optometrie...
April 2016: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27059984/-possibilities-and-limitations-of-amblyopia-screening-with-auto-refractometers
#17
O Ehrt
Amblyopia is a frequent vision disorder with a prevalence of 3-6%, for which early treatment is more effective. More than half of the cases of amblyopia are due to refractive errors so that they are not obvious due to strabismus or other ocular abnormalities; therefore, examinations for early recognition are essential. Because no nationwide ophthalmological examination of infants with cycloplegia has been established in Germany, screening for refractive errors in the first 3 years of life could be very helpful...
April 2016: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26632917/ocular-dominance-coexistent-retinal-disease-and-refractive-errors-in-patients-with-cataract-surgery
#18
REVIEW
Naz Jehangir, S M Jafar Mahmood, Tova Mannis, Majid Moshirfar
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this article is to highlight some common issues when planning cataract surgery in patients with preexisting ocular pathologies and to assess the role of ocular dominance in cataract surgery. RECENT FINDINGS: In addition to routine ocular examination, determination of ocular dominance and orthoptic evaluation for tropias, phorias, amblyopia, and diplopia can be helpful in planning for cataract surgery as these factors can affect postoperative outcomes...
January 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26512847/-intermittent-exotropia
#19
REVIEW
R Bergholz, D J Salchow
Intermittent exotropia (IXT) is a congenital form of divergent strabismus. Its incidence is estimated to be 32 per 100 000. Most often, IXT is first noted in early childhood when intermittently manifest outward deviation of the eyes is seen. Patients with IXT can control the deviation and keep the eyes aligned; this ability can be measured with "control scores". Complications such as amblyopia and loss of binocular functions are rare but should be looked for and need to be avoided. IXT can have a negative impact on quality of life...
October 2015: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26030210/performance-of-the-plusoptix-a09-photoscreener-in-detecting-amblyopia-risk-factors-in-chinese-children-attending-an-eye-clinic
#20
Xiao-Ran Yan, Wan-Zhen Jiao, Zhi-Wei Li, Wen-Wen Xu, Feng-Jiao Li, Li-Hua Wang
PURPOSE: To assess the accuracy of the Plusoptix A09 photoscreener in detecting amblyopia risk factors in children and determine referral criteria when using Plusoptix A09 for a large-scale vision screening. METHODS: Pediatric patients attending our eye clinic underwent a comprehensive ophthalmic examination that included photorefraction, orthoptic examination, anterior segment assessment, fundus examination and cycloplegic retinoscopy. The measurements were collected for statistical analyses...
2015: PloS One
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