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"CD47 monoclonal antibody"

Zhenyu Xiao, Babak Banan, Min Xu, Jianluo Jia, Pamela T Manning, Ronald R Hiebsch, Muthukumar Gunasekaran, Gundumi A Upadhya, William A Frazier, Thalachallour Mohanakumar, Yiing Lin, William C Chapman
BACKGROUND: Despite the efficacy of orthotopic liver transplantation in the treatment of end-stage liver diseases, its therapeutic utility is severely limited by the availability of donor organs. The ability to rehabilitate marginal organs, such as steatotic allografts, has the potential to address some of the supply limitations of available organs for transplantation. Steatotic livers are more susceptible to ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI), which is exacerbated by the thrombospondin-1/CD47 pathway through inhibition of nitric oxide signaling...
July 2016: Transplantation
Michael Zhang, Gregor Hutter, Suzana A Kahn, Tej D Azad, Sharareh Gholamin, Chelsea Y Xu, Jie Liu, Achal S Achrol, Chase Richard, Pia Sommerkamp, Matthew Kenneth Schoen, Melissa N McCracken, Ravi Majeti, Irving Weissman, Siddhartha S Mitra, Samuel H Cheshier
Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) represent an important cellular subset within the glioblastoma (WHO grade IV) microenvironment and are a potential therapeutic target. TAMs display a continuum of different polarization states between antitumorigenic M1 and protumorigenic M2 phenotypes, with a lower M1/M2 ratio correlating with worse prognosis. Here, we investigated the effect of macrophage polarization on anti-CD47 antibody-mediated phagocytosis of human glioblastoma cells in vitro, as well as the effect of anti-CD47 on the distribution of M1 versus M2 macrophages within human glioblastoma cells grown in mouse xenografts...
2016: PloS One
Jessica Lo, Eunice Yuen Ting Lau, Francis Tak Yuk So, Ping Lu, Vera Sau Fong Chan, Vincent Chi Ho Cheung, Rachel Hiu Ha Ching, Bowie Yik Ling Cheng, Mark Kin Fai Ma, Irene Oi Lin Ng, Terence Kin Wah Lee
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is often associated with metastasis and recurrence leading to a poor prognosis. Therefore, development of novel treatment regimens is urgently needed to improve the survival of HCC patients. In this study, we aimed to investigate the in vitro and in vivo effects of anti-CD47 antibody alone and in combination with chemotherapy in HCC. METHODS: In this study, we examined the functional effects of anti-CD47 antibody (B6H12) on cell proliferation, sphere formation, migration and invasion, chemosensitivity, macrophage-mediated phagocytosis and tumourigenicity both in vitro and in vivo...
May 2016: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
Chao-Chih Wu, Yuh-Cheng Yang, Yun-Ting Hsu, T-C Wu, Chien-Fu Hung, Jung-Tang Huang, Chih-Long Chang
Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy is effective in treating various intra-abdominal malignancies. However, this therapeutic modality can only be performed during surgical operations and cannot be used repeatedly. We propose repeatedly noninvasive hyperthermia mediated by pegylated silica-core gold nanoshells (pSGNs) in vivo with external near-infrared (NIR) laser irradiation. This study demonstrated that repeated photothermal treatment can effectively eliminate intraperitoneal tumors in mouse ovarian cancer models without damage of normal tissues...
September 29, 2015: Oncotarget
Y Wang, C Yin, L Feng, C Wang, G Sheng
Leukemia stem cells (LSCs) are regarded as the origin of leukemia and its recurrence. Side population (SP) cells possess some intrinsic stem cell properties and contain numerous LSCs. In this study, we examined the prognostic significance of cluster differentiation 47 (CD47) and identified the appropriate target for eliminating LSCs. We determined the percentage of SP cells in a THP-1 cell population and analyzed CD47 expression in different cell subsets. We then explored whether CD47 affected the phagocytic ability of macrophages to LSCs in vitro...
2015: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Yiing Lin, Pamela T Manning, Jianluo Jia, Joseph P Gaut, Zhenyu Xiao, Benjamin J Capoccia, Chun-Cheng Chen, Ronald R Hiebsch, Gundumi Upadhya, Thalachallour Mohanakumar, William A Frazier, William C Chapman
BACKGROUND: Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) significantly contributes to delayed graft function and inflammation, leading to graft loss. Ischemia-reperfusion injury is exacerbated by the thrombospondin-1-CD47 system through inhibition of nitric oxide signaling. We postulate that CD47 blockade and prevention of nitric oxide inhibition reduce IRI in organ transplantation. METHODS: We used a syngeneic rat renal transplantation model of IRI with bilaterally nephrectomized recipients to evaluate the effect of a CD47 monoclonal antibody (CD47mAb) on IRI...
August 27, 2014: Transplantation
Ying-Chao Wang, Lei Feng, Chu-Yun Yin, Li-Na Ma, Yong-Wei Wei, Chun-Mei Wang, Guang-Yao Sheng
OBJECTIVE: To study the prognostic significance of CD47 in a NOD/SCID mouse model of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and the best strategy for targeted therapy for this disease. METHODS: CD34(+)CD38(-) leukemia stem cells (LSCs) were separated and transplanted into NOD/SCID mice to establish a mouse model of acute monocytic leukemia (AMoL). Anti-human CD47 antibody, alone or combined with cytosine arabinoside (Ara-C), was used to treat the mice with AMoL for 7-14 days, and therapeutic efficacy was assessed...
July 2013: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Natasha M Rogers, David D Roberts, Jeffrey S Isenberg
OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that the matricellular protein thrombospondin-1 (TSP1), through binding to and activation of the cell receptor CD47, inhibits basal and thermal-mediated cutaneous blood flow. BACKGROUND: Abnormal and decreased cutaneous blood flow in response to temperature changes or vasoactive agents is a feature of cardiovascular disease and aging. The reasons for decreased cutaneous blood flow remain incompletely understood. Furthermore, a role for matricellular proteins in the regulation skin blood flow has never been proposed...
July 2013: Annals of Surgery
Badreddin Edris, Kipp Weiskopf, Irving L Weissman, Matt van de Rijn
Macrophages promote the growth of leiomyosarcoma (LMS), a malignant soft-tissue tumor. CD47 on tumor cells binds to the macrophagic receptor signal regulatory protein α (SIRPα) and prevents phagocytosis. We showed that anti-CD47 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) allow macrophages to engulf LMS cells and prevent tumor growth and metastases. Therefore, anti-CD47 mAbs represent a promising targeted immunotherapy for LMS.
October 1, 2012: Oncoimmunology
D Kim, J Wang, S B Willingham, R Martin, G Wernig, I L Weissman
Multiple myeloma is a plasma cell neoplasm residing in bone marrow. Despite advances in myeloma therapies, novel therapies are required to improve patient outcomes. CD47 is highly expressed on myeloma cells and a potential therapeutic candidate for myeloma therapies. Flow cytometric analysis of patient bone marrow cells revealed that myeloma cells overexpress CD47 when compared with non-myeloma cells in 73% of patients (27/37). CD47 expression protects cells from phagocytosis by transmitting an inhibitory signal to macrophages...
December 2012: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
David J Head, Zoe E Lee, Muhammed M Swallah, Neil D Avent
CD47 ligation has been shown to induce phosphatidylserine (PS) expression as part of a death pathway in nucleated blood cells. Using Annexin V binding assays we showed that ligation of CD47 with the specific CD47-binding peptide 41NK, anti-CD47 monoclonal antibody, and its natural ligand thrombospondin-1 also induced PS expression on enucleated erythrocytes. PS expression was associated with a concomitant loss of erythrocyte viability in vitro. Further characterisation of the CD47-PS signalling pathway on erythrocytes may help develop clinical strategies to further preserve the life of blood donations and improve our understanding of certain types of haemolytic anaemias...
September 2005: British Journal of Haematology
Jing Yu, Mao-Fang Lin
To investigate the influence and mechanisms of CD47 engagement by its soluble mAb B6H12 on the maturation and function of cultured dendritic cells (DCs), monocyte-derived DCs were propagated in granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) combined with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and interleukin (IL)-4, in the presence or absence of soluble anti-CD47 monoclonal antibodies (anti-CD47 mAbs, B6H12). The characteristic morphology of DCs was identified by using the transmission electron microscopy. Flow cytometry was used to detect the cell surface phenotypes...
April 2005: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
Mao-fang Lin, Jing Yu, Li-xing Yan
OBJECTIVE: To explore the influences of anti-CD47 monoclonal antibody (mAb) B6H12 on the differentiation and function of cultured dendritic cells (DCs). METHODS: Human peripheral monocyte derived DCs were propagated with granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) plus interleukin-4 (IL-4) in the presence or absence of soluble B6H12. Flow cytometry was used to analyze the immunophenotypes of cells, semi-quantitative RT-PCR and ELISA methods to analyse the mRNA and protein expression levels of interleukin-12 (IL-12)...
December 2004: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
Partha Pratim Manna, William A Frazier
Thrombospondins (TSPs) have been implicated as antitumor and antimetastasis factors in breast cancer. Although this effect has been attributed to the antiangiogenic activity of TSPs, recent observations suggest other mechanisms may be at work. The TSP receptor CD47 (integrin-associated protein) has recently been reported to mediate a novel form of apoptosis. Here, we have studied the response of breast cancer cells to CD47 ligands TSP-1, the CD47 agonist peptide 4N1K derived from TSP-1, and the anti-CD47 monoclonal antibody 1F7...
February 1, 2004: Cancer Research
Yuan Liu, Hans-Jörg Bühring, Ke Zen, Stephanie L Burst, Frederick J Schnell, Ifor R Williams, Charles A Parkos
Recent studies have demonstrated that CD47 plays an important role in regulating human neutrophil (PMN) chemotaxis. Two ligands for CD47, thrombospondin and SIRPalpha, have been described. However, it is not known if SIRP-CD47 interactions play a role in regulating PMN migration. In this study, we show that SIRPalpha1 directly binds to the immunoglobulin variable domain loop of purified human CD47 and that such SIRP-CD47 interactions regulate PMN transmigration. Specifically, PMN migration across both human epithelial monolayers and collagen-coated filters was partially inhibited by anti-SIRP monoclonal antibodies...
March 22, 2002: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Y Liu, D Merlin, S L Burst, M Pochet, J L Madara, C A Parkos
CD47, a cell surface glycoprotein, plays an important role in modulating neutrophil (PMN) migration across endothelial and epithelial monolayers. Here we show that anti-CD47 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) delay PMN migration across collagen-coated filters or T84 epithelial monolayers toward the chemoattractant formylmethionylleucylphenylalanine (fMLP). Despite delayed transmigration by anti-CD47 mAbs, the numbers of PMN migrating across in either condition were the same as in the presence of control non-inhibitory mAbs...
October 26, 2001: Journal of Biological Chemistry
H Yoshida, Y Tomiyama, J Ishikawa, K Oritani, I Matsumura, M Shiraga, T Yokota, Y Okajima, M Ogawa, J i Miyagawa, T Nishiura, Y Matsuzawa
Cell migration requires a dynamic interaction between the cell, its substrate, and the cytoskeleton-associated motile apparatus. Integrin-associated protein (IAP)/CD47 is a 50-kd cell surface protein that is physically associated with beta3 integrins and that modulates the functions of beta3 integrins in various cells. However, in B-lymphocytes that express beta1 integrins but few beta3 integrins, the roles of IAP/CD47 remain to be determined. Cross-linking of IAP/CD47 by the immobilized anti-IAP/CD47 monoclonal antibody (mAb) B6H12, but not 2D3, produced signals to promote polarization with lamellipodia, a characteristic morphology during leukocyte migration, in pre-B and mature B-cell lines (BALL, Nalm6, ONHL-1, Daudi), but not in myeloma cell lines (RPMI8226, OPM-2)...
July 1, 2000: Blood
M Waclavicek, O Majdic, T Stulnig, M Berger, T Baumruker, W Knapp, W F Pickl
CD47/integrin-associated protein has been extensively studied on various cell types. The function of CD47 on T cells, however, remained poorly understood. We demonstrate here that our CD47 mAb 1/1A4 has both inhibitory as well as costimulatory effects in terms of T cell activation. Soluble, not cross-linked, CD47 mAb 1/1A4 blocks allogeneic MLRs. This effect is predominantly observed with suboptimal numbers of stimulator cells. In contrast, cross-linking of CD47 in the presence of CD28 mAb or phorbol ester induces vigorous T cell proliferation that is sensitive to cyclosporin A...
December 1, 1997: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
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