Read by QxMD icon Read

Physician fatigue

Rebekka Stadje, Katharina Dornieden, Erika Baum, Annette Becker, Tobias Biroga, Stefan Bösner, Jörg Haasenritter, Christian Keunecke, Annika Viniol, Norbert Donner-Banzhoff
BACKGROUND: Tiredness is one of the most frequent complaints in primary care. Although often self-limiting and frequently associated with psychosocial stress, patients but also their physicians are often uncertain regarding a serious cause and appropriate diagnostic work-up. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies reporting on differential diagnosis of fatigue in primary care. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE and conference abstracts were searched for primary care based studies of patients presenting with tiredness...
October 20, 2016: BMC Family Practice
Theodore Pincus
An MDHAQ/RAPID3 (multidimensional health assessment questionnaire/routine assessment of patient index data) was developed from the HAQ over 25 years, based on observations made from completion by every patient (with all diagnoses) at every routine rheumatology visit since 1980. Modification of the HAQ was viewed as similar to improving a laboratory test, with a primary focus on clinical value for diagnosis, prognosis, and/or management, as well as feasibility for minimal effect on clinical workflow. Rigorous attention, was also directed to validity, reliability, other methodologic and technological considerations, but after clinical value and feasibility were established...
September 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Xiaojing Wang, Fan Ping, Cuijuan Qi, Xinhua Xiao
BACKGROUND: Autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 2 (APS-2), also known as Schmidt's syndrome, is an uncommon disorder characterized by the coexistence of Addison's disease with thyroid autoimmune disease and/or type 1 diabetes mellitus. Addison's disease as the obligatory component is potentially life-threatening. Unfortunately, the delayed diagnosis of Addison's disease is common owing to its rarity and the nonspecific clinical manifestation. METHODS: Here we reported a case of 38-year-old female patient who presented with 2 years' history of Hashimoto's thyroiditis and received levothyroxine replacement...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Mohamed M Abd El-Mawgod, Arwa S Alshaibany, Aeshah M Al-Anazi
BACKGROUND: Dysmenorrhea is one of the most common and important health problems, especially among young girls. It results in absence from school and work. It has some negative effects on the daily activities of patients. Because of cultural problems, patients ordinarily do not seek help from others in this situation. Identification of abnormal menstrual patterns during adolescence may permit early prevention of potential health concerns in adulthood. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, severity, and impact of dysmenorrhea in secondary-school students and its association with school absenteeism in Arar city...
September 2016: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
Miwa Higashiarakawa, Tetsuo Hirata, Teruhisa Tanaka, Gretchen Parrott, Tetsu Kinjo, Hidekatsu Naka, Akira Hokama, Jiro Fujita
Infections with parasites, such as Strongyloides stercoralis, typically cause elevated levels of serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) and eosinophils; however, co-infection with human T cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) can cause lower levels of serum IgE during S. stercoralis infection. We conducted this study to determine whether serum IgE levels and eosinophil counts could also be related to other patient characteristics or symptoms. Between 1991 and 2014, we measured and compared the symptoms of 237 patients and evaluated serum IgE levels and eosinophil counts of 199 patients who were infected with S...
October 12, 2016: Parasitology International
Jeffrey Sisler, Genevieve Chaput, Jonathan Sussman, Emmanuel Ozokwelu
OBJECTIVE: To offer FPs a summary of evidence-based recommendations to guide their follow-up survivorship care of women treated for breast cancer. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: A literature search was conducted in MEDLINE from 2000 to 2016 using the search words breast cancer, survivorship, follow-up care, aftercare, guidelines, and survivorship care plans, with a focus on review of recent guidelines published by national cancer organizations. Evidence ranges from level I to level III...
October 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Daniel B Drachman
The basic abnormality in myasthenia gravis (MG) is a reduction in acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) at neuromuscular junctions due to the effects of autoantibodies that are directed against the AChRs in most patients, or against neighboring proteins involved in the clustering of AChRs (MuSK, LRP-4, or agrin). Clinically, MG is characterized by muscle weakness and fatigue, often in typical patterns. The diagnosis may be missed early, and depends on the recognition of clinical manifestations, the measurement of autoantibodies, and/or electrophysiological features...
October 2016: Seminars in Neurology
Brigitta G Baumert, Monika E Hegi, Martin J van den Bent, Andreas von Deimling, Thierry Gorlia, Khê Hoang-Xuan, Alba A Brandes, Guy Kantor, Martin J B Taphoorn, Mohamed Ben Hassel, Christian Hartmann, Gail Ryan, David Capper, Johan M Kros, Sebastian Kurscheid, Wolfgang Wick, Roelien Enting, Michele Reni, Brian Thiessen, Frederic Dhermain, Jacoline E Bromberg, Loic Feuvret, Jaap C Reijneveld, Olivier Chinot, Johanna M M Gijtenbeek, John P Rossiter, Nicolas Dif, Carmen Balana, Jose Bravo-Marques, Paul M Clement, Christine Marosi, Tzahala Tzuk-Shina, Robert A Nordal, Jeremy Rees, Denis Lacombe, Warren P Mason, Roger Stupp
BACKGROUND: Outcome of low-grade glioma (WHO grade II) is highly variable, reflecting molecular heterogeneity of the disease. We compared two different, single-modality treatment strategies of standard radiotherapy versus primary temozolomide chemotherapy in patients with low-grade glioma, and assessed progression-free survival outcomes and identified predictive molecular factors. METHODS: For this randomised, open-label, phase 3 intergroup study (EORTC 22033-26033), undertaken in 78 clinical centres in 19 countries, we included patients aged 18 years or older who had a low-grade (WHO grade II) glioma (astrocytoma, oligoastrocytoma, or oligodendroglioma) with at least one high-risk feature (aged >40 years, progressive disease, tumour size >5 cm, tumour crossing the midline, or neurological symptoms), and without known HIV infection, chronic hepatitis B or C virus infection, or any condition that could interfere with oral drug administration...
September 26, 2016: Lancet Oncology
J R Curtis, F Xie, D Mackey, N Gerber, A Bharat, T Beukelman, K G Saag, L Chen, B Nowell, S Ginsberg
BACKGROUND: Despite the prominent position of methotrexate (MTX) in Rheumatoid Arthiris (RA) therapeutics, its real-world effectiveness may be influenced by a relative lack of tolerability or other side effects that physicians may not be aware of but that are bothersome to patients. The aim of this study is to identify suboptimal patient experience with MTX and to raise awareness for clinicians to identify opportunities to mitigate bothersome symptoms and side effects and optimize response to MTX...
September 26, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Hanna Falk, Ingela Henoch, Anneli Ozanne, Joakim Öhlen, Eva Jakobsson Ung, Isabell Fridh, Elisabeth Kenne Sarenmalm, Kristin Falk
PURPOSE: To explore patient-reported symptom distress in relation to documentation of symptoms and palliative care designation in hospital inpatients. DESIGN: This cross-sectional study analyzed data from 710 inpatients at two large hospitals in Sweden using the Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale and the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale. Chart reviews focused on nurses' and physicians' symptom documentation and palliative turning point. METHODS: Descriptive statistics were calculated for all variables and provided summaries about the sample...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Yoshimitsu Maki, Hiroshi Takashima
Hashimoto encephalopathy (HE) is characterized by heterogeneous neurological symptoms. HE is diagnosed based on three criteria-the presence of antithyroid antibodies, neurological symptoms from the cerebrum and/or cerebellum, and a positive response to immunotherapy. We clinically analyzed 18 patients (3 men, 15 women; age range, 38-81years) diagnosed with HE in our hospital from May 2013 to January 2016. Eleven patients showed sensory abnormalities such as strong pain, deep muscle pain, dysesthesia, paresthesia, or neuralgia...
September 2016: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
Jian Li, Hui Ding, Wei Han, Lei Jin, Ling-Na Kong, Kang-Na Mao, Hong Wang, Jiang-Ping Wu, Ying Wu, Liu Yang, Yu Zhou, You-Xin Wang, Wei Wang, Adrian Loerbroks, Peter Angerer
OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested that the relationship between work stress and somatic symptoms (e.g., cardiopulmonary, gastrointestinal complaints, general pain, and fatigue) is particularly pronounced in women. As evidence from China is sparse, we used a large sample of Chinese working women to test those potential associations. METHODS: Data were obtained from a cross-sectional study of 6826 working women in five urban areas in China who were free from major clinical disease...
October 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Stephanie Alimena, Mary E Air, Caitlin Gribbin, Elizabeth Manejias
This study examines the current utilization of primary and preventive health care services among dancers in order to assess their self-reported primary care needs. Participants were 37 dancers from a variety of dance backgrounds who presented for a free dancer health screening in a large US metropolitan area (30 females, 7 males; mean age: 27.5 ± 7.4 years; age range: 19 to 49 years; mean years of professional dancing: 6.4 ± 5.4 years). Dancers were screened for use of primary care, mental health, and women's health resources using the Health Screen for Professional Dancers developed by the Task Force on Dancer Health...
2016: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
John J Mercuri, Neil E Okey, Raj J Karia, Richard H Gross, Joseph D Zuckerman
INTRODUCTION: To date, no study has reported on the public's opinion of orthopaedic resident duty-hour requirements (DHR). METHODS: A survey was administered to people in orthopaedic waiting rooms and at three senior centers. Responses were analyzed to evaluate seven domains: knowledge of duty hours; opinions about duty hours; attitudes regarding shift work; patient safety concerns; and the effects of DHRs on continuity of care, on resident training, and on resident professionalism...
September 22, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Lore Decoster, Leen Vanacker, Cindy Kenis, Hans Prenen, Erik Van Cutsem, Jacques Van Der Auwera, Ellen Van Eetvelde, Katrien Van Puyvelde, Johan Flamaing, Koen Milisen, Jean Pierre Lobelle, Jacques De Grève, Hans Wildiers
INTRODUCTION: This study aims to evaluate the relevance of geriatric assessment (GA) in older patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) and to study functional status (FS) and chemotherapy-related toxicity during treatment. METHODS: Patients with CRC aged ≥ 70 years were evaluated at baseline using a GA. Results were communicated to the treating physician. At 2 to 3 months follow-up, FS was reassessed, and chemotherapy-related toxicity was recorded. RESULTS: A total of 193 patients, with a median age of 77 years, were included...
August 8, 2016: Clinical Colorectal Cancer
I Kone-Paut, P Quartier, O Fain, G Grateau, P Pillet, P Le Blay, F Bonnet, V Despert, K Stankovic Stojanovic, L Willemin, S Quéré, O Reigneau, E Hachulla
OBJECTIVE: ENVOL was designed to assess the psychosocial impact of disease and therapy in a French cohort of CAPS patients (and caregivers) treated by canakinumab. METHODS: ENVOL was a multicenter, observational study of CAPS patients given ≥1 canakinumab dose. Data were collected pre-treatment, at 6 and 12 months afterwards, and at last visit. Patients and caregivers completed questionnaires assessing changes from the 12 months pre-treatment to 12 months prior to interview...
September 16, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
Ana-Maria Orbai, Maarten de Wit, Philip Mease, Judy A Shea, Laure Gossec, Ying Ying Leung, William Tillett, Musaab Elmamoun, Kristina Callis Duffin, Willemina Campbell, Robin Christensen, Laura Coates, Emma Dures, Lihi Eder, Oliver FitzGerald, Dafna Gladman, Niti Goel, Suzanne Dolwick Grieb, Sarah Hewlett, Pil Hoejgaard, Umut Kalyoncu, Chris Lindsay, Neil McHugh, Bev Shea, Ingrid Steinkoenig, Vibeke Strand, Alexis Ogdie
OBJECTIVE: To identify a core set of domains (outcomes) to be measured in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) clinical trials that represent both patients' and physicians' priorities. METHODS: We conducted (1) a systematic literature review (SLR) of domains assessed in PsA; (2) international focus groups to identify domains important to people with PsA; (3) two international surveys with patients and physicians to prioritise domains; (4) an international face-to-face meeting with patients and physicians using the nominal group technique method to agree on the most important domains; and (5) presentation and votes at the Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) conference in May 2016...
September 9, 2016: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
M A de Jong, K Nieuwenhuijsen, J K Sluiter
BACKGROUND: Common mental disorders (CMD-burnout, stress, depression and anxiety disorders) are prevalent in physicians. AIMS: To investigate the relationship between CMD and medical incidents and/or unprofessional behaviour in hospital physicians. METHODS: PubMed was searched for all articles published between 2003 and 2013 that study a relationship between CMD and medical incidents and/or unprofessional behaviour in hospital physicians. The strength of evidence was assessed through five levels of evidence...
October 2016: Occupational Medicine
Antje Prasse
BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis is a granulomatous inflammatory disease of unknown cause. Its prevalence in Germany is approximately 46 per 100 000 persons. METHODS: This article is based on pertinent publications retrieved by a selective search in PubMed. RESULTS: A presumptive diagnosis of sarcoidosis is made in any patient with a granulomatous inflammation that is not explained by any other identifiable cause, such as an infection or foreign body...
August 22, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Hetanshi Naik, Mikayla Stoecker, Saskia C Sanderson, Manisha Balwani, Robert J Desnick
BACKGROUND: The acute hepatic porphyrias (AHPs) are rare inborn errors of heme biosynthesis, characterized clinically by life-threatening acute neurovisceral attacks. Patients with recurrent attacks have a decreased quality of life (QoL); however, no interactive assessment of these patients' views has been reported. We conducted guided discussions regarding specific topics, to explore patients' disease experience and its impact on their lives. METHODS: Sixteen AHP patients experiencing acute attacks were recruited to moderator-led online focus groups...
August 24, 2016: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"