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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230244/tumor-lysis-syndrome-in-patients-with-hematological-malignancies
#1
REVIEW
Yohannes Belay, Ketsela Yirdaw, Bamlaku Enawgaw
Tumor lysis syndrome is a metabolic complication that may follow the initiation of cancer therapy. It commonly occurs in hematological malignant patients particularly non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and acute leukemia due to chemotherapy or spontaneously. It is characterized by a biochemical abnormality such as hyperuricemia, hyperkalemia, hyperphosphatemia, and hypocalcemia and its clinical outcome is directly related to these biochemical abnormalities. Prevention and treatment of tumor lysis syndrome depend on immediate recognition of patients at risk...
2017: Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226650/multiple-nonleukemic-myeloid-sarcoma-associated-hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-in-an-adult
#2
Jingwen Zhang, Yunxin Zeng, Xiangzhong Zhang, Wenxing Lai, Yuxin Chen, Ruozhi Xiao
BACKGROUND: Nonleukemic myeloid sarcoma (MS) occurs rarely. Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare and potentially fatal condition. We report a rare case of nonleukemic MS associated with HLH. METHODS: Hematologic investigation, 18F-FDG PET/CT, bone marrow aspirate and biopsy, and lymph node biopsy were performed in a 25-year-old male patient. RESULTS: The patient was given a short-term treatment of etoposide and dexamethasone to control HLH...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226104/hepatitis-e-a-literature-review
#3
REVIEW
Juliana Ayres de Alencar Arrais Guerra, Katia Cristina Kampa, Daphne Gonçalves Benatti Morsoletto, Alcindo Pissaia Junior, Cláudia Alexandra Pontes Ivantes
Hepatitis E is the fifth known form of human viral hepatitis. Although not very common in our clinical practice, the incidence in Western countries is increasing. Infection with the hepatitis E virus (HEV) may be related to acute illness, liver failure, chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis. HEV itself is an RNA virus, with eight described genotypes (HEV 1-8), four of which more commonly affect humans and have, thus, been better studied. Besides liver manifestations, genotype 3 is also related to extra-hepatic manifestations, such as neurological, renal and rheumatological...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224318/-distribution-and-drug-resistance-of-pathogens-of-blood-stream-infection-in-patients-with-hematological-malignancies-after-chemotherapy
#4
S Z Chen, K N Lin, M Xiao, X F Luo, Q Li, J H Ren, R Y Huang, M M Chen, Z Z Ally, T Chen, J D Yang, Jianda Hu
Objective: To investigate the distribution and resistance of pathogens isolated from blood cultures in patients with hematological malignancies after chemotherapy in Union Hospital of Fujian Medical University so as to understand the real situation of blood stream infection (BSI) and provide the basis for rational use of antibiotics in clinic. Methods: The data of 657 strains isolated from blood culture specimens of patients with hematological malignancies from January 2013 to December 2016 were collected analyzed...
November 14, 2017: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218692/euro-b-o-s-s-a-european-study-on-chemotherapy-in-bone-sarcoma-patients-aged-over-40-outcome-in-primary-high-grade-osteosarcoma
#5
Stefano Ferrari, Stefan S Bielack, Sigbjørn Smeland, Alessandra Longhi, Gerlinde Egerer, Kirsten Sundby Hall, Davide Donati, Matthias Kevric, Otte Brosjö, Alessandro Comandone, Mathias Werner, Odd Monge, Emanuela Palmerini, Wolfgang E Berdel, Bodil Bjerkehagen, Anna Paioli, Sylvie Lorenzen, Mikael Eriksson, Marco Gambarotti, Per-Ulf Tunn, Nina L Jebsen, Marilena Cesari, Thekla von Kalle, Virginia Ferraresi, Rudolf Schwarz, Rossella Bertulli, Anne-Katrin Kasparek, Giovanni Grignani, Fatime Krasniqi, Benjamin Sorg, Stefanie Hecker-Nolting, Piero Picci, Peter Reichardt
INTRODUCTION: The EUROpean Bone Over 40 Sarcoma Study (EURO-B.O.S.S.) was the first prospective international study for patients 41-65 years old with high-grade bone sarcoma treated with an intensive chemotherapy regimen derived from protocols for younger patients with high-grade skeletal osteosarcoma. METHODS: Chemotherapy based on doxorubicin, cisplatin, ifosfamide, and methotrexate was suggested, but patients treated with other regimens at the investigators' choice were also eligible for the study...
December 5, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218388/correlation-of-sociodemographic-and-clinical-parameters-with-depression-and-distress-in-patients-with-hematologic-malignancies
#6
Amanda J Shreders, Shehzad K Niazi, David O Hodge, Nicolette T Chimato, Megha Kureti, Navya Kirla, Ankit Agrawal, Abhisek Swaika, Elaine Gustetic, Renee Foster, Kimberly A Nelson, Prachi Jani, Asher A Chanan-Khan, Sikander Ailawadhi
A quarter of cancer patients struggle with distress or depression during their illness. Multiple organizations including the National Comprehensive Cancer Network recommend universal screening for distress and depression. Herein, we describe a universal screening program in patients with hematologic malignancies and factors associated with distress and depression. Between December 2013 and February 2015, patients with hematologic malignancies took the Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9) and Distress Thermometer (DT) prior to receiving their first outpatient parenteral chemotherapy...
December 7, 2017: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218097/histone-deacetylase-inhibitor-nabut-suppresses-cell-proliferation-and-induces-apoptosis-by-targeting-p21-in-multiple-myeloma
#7
Ruosi Yao, Danyang Han, Xiaoyang Sun, Chunling Fu, Qingyun Wu, Yao Yao, Hujun Li, Zhenyu Li, Kailin Xu
Multiple myeloma (MM) is an extremely serious hematological malignancy that remains incurable due to chemotherapy resistance. Epigenetic regulation is closely associated with progression of MM. Histone deacetylase inhibitor NaBut functions in various physiologic processes, including inflammation and differentiation. Its' possible roles in MM progression have not been explored. In this report, NaBut decreased survival of several human MM cell lines in a dose- and time-dependent manner. NaBut could also lead to cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase in a dose-dependent manner...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211600/understanding-the-bone-marrow-microenvironment-in-hematologic-malignancies-a-focus-on-chemokine-integrin-and-extracellular-vesicle-signaling
#8
Edward Allan Racela Sison, Peter Kurre, Yong-Mi Kim
Signaling between leukemia cells and nonhematopoietic cells in the bone marrow microenvironment contributes to leukemia cell growth and survival. This complicated extrinsic mechanism of chemotherapy resistance relies on a number of pathways and factors, some of which have yet to be determined. Research on cell-cell crosstalk the bone marrow microenvironment in acute leukemia was presented at the 2016 annual Therapeutic Advances in Childhood Leukemia (TACL) investigator meeting. This review summarizes the mini-symposium proceedings and focuses on chemokine signaling via the cell surface receptor CXCR4, adhesion molecule signaling via integrin α4, and crosstalk between leukemia cells and the bone marrow microenvironment that is mediated through extracellular vesicles...
December 6, 2017: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210664/advances-in-the-discovery-of-anthraquinone-based-anticancer-agents
#9
Alexander Tikhomirov, Alexander Shtil, Andrey Shchekotikhin
BACKGROUND: The anthracene-9,10-dione (anthraquinone) derivatives represent an exceptionally valuable class in anticancer drug development. An outstanding antitumor potency of the anthracycline antibiotics attracted the attention of medicinal chemists since the discovery of these chemotypes. The prominent anthraquinone-based drugs doxorubicin, mitoxantrone as well as more recent epirubicin, idarubicin, and valrubicin are successfully used in chemotherapy of hematological malignancies and solid tumors...
December 6, 2017: Recent Patents on Anti-cancer Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207685/excellent-response-to-chemotherapy-post-immunotherapy
#10
Ashish D Dwary, Samip Master, Abhishek Patel, Constance Cole, Richard Mansour, Glenn Mills, Nebu Koshy, Prakash Peddi, Gary Burton, Dalia Hammoud, Kavitha Beedupalli
Introduction: Immunotherapy in the form of immune checkpoint inhibitors has changed the landscape of cancer treatment. Newer monoclonal antibodies are coming up and are being tested in various cancers during different stages of treatment. With the increasing use of immune checkpoint inhibitors in the management of various types of cancers, the question is raised as to what next can be offered to a patient who has progressed on this newer treatment. Does Sequence matter? There have been reports of improved responses to chemotherapy after immunotherapy in the form of vaccines...
October 31, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200696/human-leukocyte-antigen-b27-the-genetic-predisposition-leading-to-reactive-arthritis-during-induction-phase-chemotherapy-for-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#11
Sandip P Bartakke, Abhilasha Ashok Sampagar, Vibha Sanjay Bafna, Putun Patel
We report a case of reactive arthritis (ReA) during induction phase chemotherapy of a 15-year-old male patient with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) M4 with inv(16), most probably due to a genetic predisposition of being human leukocyte antigen b27 (HLA-B27) positive. The episode of ReA recurred during consolidation therapy; however, the patient was asymptomatic after the completion of treatment. The link between HLA-B27 and a large family of inflammatory rheumatic diseases is a well-established fact, but interestingly, there is also a molecular link between HLA-B27 and hematological malignancies...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200691/a-case-report-of-newly-diagnosed-epithelial-ovarian-carcinoma-presenting-with-spontaneous-tumor-lysis-syndrome-and-its-successful-management-with-rasburicase
#12
Deepak Kumar Shukla, Dinesh Gupta, Arun Aggarwal, Deepak Kumar
Tumor Lysis Syndrome (TLS) commonly occurs in hematological malignancies, but it is very rare in patients with a solid tumor. In cases of solid tumors, TLS usually occurs spontaneously or after the initiation of anticancer therapy, and it has a high mortality rate. This syndrome consists of a constellation of laboratory findings such as hyperuricemia, hyperkalemia, hyperphosphatemia, and hypocalcemia known as laboratory TLS. When clinical complications such as seizures, acute renal failure, and cardiac dysrhythmias occur in patients with laboratory TLS, the syndrome is called clinical TLS...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200674/effectiveness-of-three-prognostic-scoring-systems-in-predicting-the-response-and-outcome-in-pediatric-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-chronic-phase-on-frontline-imatinib
#13
Ranga Raman Ganta, Srividya Nasaka, Vijay Gandhi Linga, Sadashivudu Gundeti, Lakshmi Srinivas Maddali, Raghunadha Rao Digumarti
Introduction: The Sokal and Hasford (Euro) scores were developed in the chemotherapy and interferon eras and are widely used as prognostic indicators in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Recently, European Treatment and Outcome Study (EUTOS) scoring system was introduced. Data on risk stratification in pediatric CML population was lacking due to its rarity (<3%). Objective: To study the effectiveness in predicting the response and outcome with three prognostic scores in pediatric CML-chronic phase patients on front line Imatinib...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200164/neuropilin-1-cd304-expression-by-flow-cytometry-in-pediatric-precursor-b-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-a-minimal-residual-disease-and-potential-prognostic-marker
#14
Hala M Abaza, Mervat A A Alfeky, Deena S Eissa, Mona F Abdel Fattah, Laila M Annaka, Fatma S Ebeid
Flow cytometry (FCM) is used for quantification of minimal residual disease (MRD) in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) through discriminating leukemic B-lymphoblasts from normal B-cell precursor counterparts "hematogones." Neuropilin-1 (NRP-1)/CD304 is a vascular endothelial growth factor receptor implicated in the progression of hematological malignancies. We evaluated NRP-1/CD304 as MRD and prognostic marker in pediatric precursor B-ALL using FCM. Seventy children with precursor B-ALL and 40 control children were enrolled...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197678/adipokines-inflammation-and-adiposity-in-hematopoietic-cell-transplant-survivors
#15
Tyler G Ketterl, Eric J Chow, Wendy M Leisenring, Pam Goodman, Ildi H Koves, Anna Petryk, Julia Steinberger, K Scott Baker
Adult survivors of acute leukemia in childhood have a higher than expected frequency of obesity, an increased risk for metabolic syndrome and early mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD). Adipose tissue has been recognized as an endocrine and paracrine organ that secretes various adipokines involved in metabolic regulation and inflammatory processes. Examine inflammatory factors [IL-6 and TNF-] and adipokines (adiponectin, leptin) in addition to body composition and adiposity in cancer survivors who underwent hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) during childhood in comparison to sibling controls...
November 29, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194798/efficacy-and-tolerance-of-geloxd-p-gemoxd-in-newly-diagnosed-nasal-type-extranodal-nk-t-cell-lymphoma-a-multicenter-retrospective-study
#16
Ji-Wei Li, Ya-Jun Li, Mei-Zuo Zhong, Xian-Ling Liu, Jin Li, Kun-Lun Li, Xi-Yu Liu, Fang Zhou, Zhou OuYang, Zhong-Yi Sun, Li-Jun Huang, Jun-Qiao He, Hui Zhou, Ping-Yong Yi
OBJECTIVES: Nasal-type extranodal natural killer NK/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTCL) is a distinct type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma with poor prognosis. This research aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the GELOXD or P-GEMOXD regimens in patients with ENKTCL. METHODS: Newly diagnosed ENKTCL patients treated with either the GELOXD or the P-GEMOXD regimen were identified from three cancer centers between January 2010 and December 2016. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses were used to calculate overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and to investigate prognostic factors...
November 30, 2017: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194623/phase-ii-trial-of-preoperative-chemoradiation-plus-perioperative-sox-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-locally-advanced-gastric-cancer
#17
Xiaowen Liu, Guichao Li, Ziwen Long, Jiliang Yin, Xiaodong Zhu, Weiqi Sheng, Dan Huang, Hui Zhu, Zhaozhen Zhang, Hong Cai, Hua Huang, Guangfa Zhao, Ye Zhou, Zhen Zhang, Yanong Wang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The ideal treatment strategy of patients with locally advanced gastric adenocarcinoma is unclear. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of preoperative chemoradiation in these patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients underwent laparoscopic exploration or exploratory laparotomy before chemoradiation. Patients received one cycle of S-1 and oxalipatin followed by concurrent radiation and chemotherapy, then underwent another cycle of S-1 and oxalipatin...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194191/brca-mutation-status-is-not-associated-with-increased-hematologic-toxicity-among-patients-undergoing-platinum-based-chemotherapy-for-ovarian-cancer
#18
Joanne Kotsopoulos, Karla Willows, Sandra Trat, Raymond H Kim, Alexandra Volenik, Ping Sun, Steven A Narod, Jeffrey Boyd, Taymaa May
OBJECTIVE: Women with an inherited BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation may have an impaired ability to repair chemotherapy-induced damage as a result of a state of haploinsufficiency and may experience greater treatment-related toxicity. The objective of this study was to compare the hematologic adverse effect profiles associated with platinum-based chemotherapy in ovarian cancer patients with and without germline BRCA mutations. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients treated for high-grade serous ovarian cancer at Princess Margaret Cancer Center, Toronto, Ontario between January 2000 and December 2015...
November 30, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190004/long-term-safety-and-survival-outcomes-from-the-scandinavian-breast-group-2004-1-randomized-phase-ii-trial-of-tailored-dose-dense-adjuvant-chemotherapy-for-early-breast-cancer
#19
Alexios Matikas, Sara Margolin, Mats Hellström, Hemming Johansson, Nils-Olof Bengtsson, Lena Karlsson, Per Edlund, Per Karlsson, Elisabet Lidbrink, Barbro Linderholm, Henrik Lindman, Per Malmstrom, Kenneth Villman, Theodoros Foukakis, Jonas Bergh
PURPOSE: Although adjuvant polychemotherapy improves outcomes for early breast cancer, the significant variability in terms of pharmacokinetics results in differences in efficacy and both short and long-term toxicities. Retrospective studies support the use of dose tailoring according to the hematologic nadirs. METHODS: The SBG 2004-1 trial was a randomized feasibility phase II study which assessed tailored dose-dense epirubicin and cyclophosphamide (EC) followed by docetaxel (T) (group A), the same regimen with fixed doses (group B) and the TAC regimen (group C)...
November 30, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189866/-role-of-surgery-in-saprochaete-capitata-s-capitata-sepsis-in-a-patient-with-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#20
Jasna Radich R, Carlos Álvarez Z, Ana Valenzuela R, Felipe Castillo H, Francisco Moraga V, Jorge Castillo A
Saprochaete capitata (S. capitata) fungal sepsis is a severe condition with a clinical presentation that is similar to other yeast originated fungal sepsis. It is observed in patients with hematological malignancies such as acute myeloid leukemia and neutropenia. We report a 23 year old male presenting with cough, fever and malaise. A bone marrow biopsy led to the diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia. During the first cycle of chemotherapy the patient presented fever: blood cultures were positive for Klebsiella pneumoniae...
August 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
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