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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902668/pneumatosis-intestinalis-due-to-child-abuse
#1
Stephanie Anne Deutsch, Cindy W Christian
Pneumatosis intestinalis (PI) and the presence of portal venous gas (PVG) are commonly considered pathognomonic for necrotizing enterocolitis in the neonatal period; however, these 2 radiographic findings have been documented in all age groups in a variety of clinical settings and medical conditions including respiratory, cardiac, rheumatologic, gastrointestinal disorders, and traumatic injury. In children, intramural dissection of intestinal gas in the absence of clinical symptoms suggestive of necrotizing enterocolitis should raise concern for a traumatic etiology, including injuries sustained from child physical abuse...
November 29, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898351/a-case-report-of-small-bowel-obstruction-secondary-to-congenital-peritoneal-band-in-adult
#2
Yahmadi Abdelwahed, Rebii Saber, Ben Ismail Imen, Zenaidi Hakim, Zoghlami Ayoub
INTRODUCTION: Small bowel obstruction (SBO) is common in adult surgical procedures, mainly due to postoperative adhesions. Acute SBO in adults without history of abdominal surgery, trauma or clinical hernia is less common and has various etiologies. Congenital band is an extremely rare cause. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 56-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with a two-day history of abdominal pain and bilious vomiting. He had no history of abdominal surgery or any other medical problems...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857647/nutrition-chez-le-br%C3%A3-l%C3%A3
#3
G Perro
Nutrition is a challenge for burn patients. Emphasized points are early enteral amounts by means of a naso-gastric tube, semi-recumbent position > 30°, gastro-intestinal survey improved by kinetics, weight evolution, nutritional amounts assessment to prevent proteino-energetic deficiency. Feeding is difficult with children, as with seniors often associating a preexisting starvation. Nutritional supplements are useful in medium severity patients. For overweight patients, hypo caloric and hyperprotidic diet is the better choice...
March 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855471/the-pharyngostomy-tube-indications-technique-efficacy-and-safety-in-modern-surgical-practice
#4
Rafael Garza-Castillon, Jonathan Berger, Rafael Andrade, Eitan Podgaetz
Background Long-term nasogastric tubes are uncomfortable and associated with complications such as impairment with speech and swallowing, septum trauma, epistaxis, alar necrosis, and intubation of the trachea among others. Pharyngostomy tubes (PTs) are an alternative for prolonged enteral feeding, transluminal drainage of collections, and gastric decompression in patients with an intestinal obstruction and an inoperable abdomen. Patients and Methods This is a retrospective analysis of patients who had a PT placed at our institution from May 2005 to March 2015...
November 17, 2016: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825744/small-intestinal-submucosa-grafting-for-peyronie-s-disease-outcomes-and-patient-satisfaction
#5
Pedro Valente, Carolina Gomes, Nuno Tomada
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate surgical outcomes and complications and assess overall patient satisfaction after small intestinal submucosa (SIS) grafting for PD. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients were treated with tunical incision and grafting with SIS. Mean age was 58 years (range:43-71). A preoperative protocol was applied to all patients. Patients were also evaluated at follow-up clinic visits. The International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5), a modified Erectile Dysfunction Inventory of Treatment Satisfaction (EDITS) questionnaire, postoperative self-reports and clinical characteristics were used to measure outcomes...
November 4, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823757/how-does-a-concurrent-diagnosis-of-cancer-influence-outcomes-in-emergency-general-surgery-patients
#6
Adil A Shah, Syed Nabeel Zafar, Awais Ashfaq, Alyssa B Chapital, Daniel J Johnson, Chee-Chee Stucky, Barbara Pockaj, Richard J Gray, Mallory Williams, Edward E Cornwell, Lori L Wilson, Nabil Wasif
BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of hospital admissions in the US are secondary to emergency general surgery (EGS). The aim of this study is to quantify outcomes for EGS patients with cancer. METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (2007 to 2011) was queried for patients with a diagnosis of an EGS condition as determined by the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma. Of these, patients with a diagnosis of malignant cancers (ICD-9-CM diagnosis codes; 140-208...
September 30, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818487/richter-s-type-of-incarcerated-obturator-hernia-that-presented-with-a-deep-femoral-abscess-an-autopsy-case-report
#7
Satoru Yonekura, Masaaki Kodama, Shunichi Murano, Hirohisa Kishi, Akihiro Toyoda
BACKGROUND Richter's obturator hernia is a rare abdominal hernia that is difficult to diagnose. The purpose of this case report is to show an unusual presentation of a fatal Richter's obturator hernia that was accompanied by a femoral abscess. CASE REPORT An 89-year-old woman complained of sudden left coxalgia and a gait disorder but no abdominal symptoms. She had no history of trauma or surgery in the inguinal area. Twenty-three days after her first complaint of coxalgia, the patient was admitted in a coma with necrotizing fasciitis in the left inguinal area...
November 7, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815994/traumatic-jejunal-hematoma-in-childhood-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#8
Noura Al-Zarouni, Labib Al-Ozaibi, Ali Khammas, Nusaiba Al-Suwaidi, Alya Al-Mazroui, Faisal Al-Badri
INTRODUCTION: Intramural jejunal hematoma is a very rare condition with only few cases reported in the literature. It rarely occurs spontaneously, and is mostly seen in hemophiliac patients and is also associated with abdominal trauma. It occurs more commonly in children than in adults and can present with features of intestinal obstruction. CASE PRESENTATION: A 10year old boy presented with features of intestinal obstruction. He sustained a blunt abdominal trauma two days prior to presentation...
October 27, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800301/diagnosis-and-surgical-repair-of-entero-cystocele-in-a-cat
#9
A Rizk, A Samy
A five-month-old male Shiraze cat was referred to the Mansoura Veterinary Teaching Hospital of Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt for evaluation of a 5-days history of swelling in the caudal ventral abdomen after trauma, persistent straining and inability to urinate. Clinical examination, abdominal ultrasonography and exploratory laparotomy revealed herniation and herniorraphy was attempted. The herniated organs were urinary bladder and intestine through an abdominal wall defect. Clinical signs resolved after surgical reduction of the intestine and urinary bladder...
2016: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789033/dynamic-biomechanical-characterization-of-colon-tissue-according-to-anatomical-factors
#10
D Massalou, C Masson, P Foti, S Afquir, P Baqué, S-V Berdah, T Bège
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to determine the mechanical response of colonic specimens retrieved from the entire human colon and placed under dynamic solicitation until the tissue ruptured. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Specimens were taken from 20 refrigerated cadavers from different locations of the colonic frame (ascending, transverse, descending and sigmoid colon) in two different directions (longitudinal and circumferential), with or without muscle strips (taenia coli)...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780185/liver-transplantation-for-hepatic-trauma-a-study-from-the-european-liver-transplant-registry
#11
Marek Krawczyk, Michał Grąt, Rene Adam, Wojciech G Polak, Jurgen Klempnauer, Antonio Pinna, Fabrizio Di Benedetto, Franco Filipponi, Norbert Senninger, Aksel Foss, Sebastian Rufián-Peña, William Bennet, Johann Pratschke, Andreas Paul, Utz Settmacher, Giorgio Rossi, Mauro Salizzoni, Carlos Fernandez-Selles, Santiago T Martínez de Rituerto, Miguel A Gómez-Bravo, Jacques Pirenne, Olivier Detry, Pietro E Majno, Petr Nemec, Wolf O Bechstein, Michael Bartels, Silvio Nadalin, Francois R Pruvot, Darius F Mirza, Luigi Lupo, Michele Colledan, Giuseppe Tisone, Jan Ringers, Jorge Daniel, Ramón Charco Torra, Enrique Moreno González, Rafael Bañares Cañizares, Valentin Cuervas-Mons Martinez, Fernando San Juan Rodríguez, Sezai Yilmaz, Piotr Remiszewski
BACKGROUND: Liver transplantation is the most extreme form of surgical management of patients with hepatic trauma, with very limited literature data supporting its use. The aim of this study was to assess the results of liver transplantation for hepatic trauma. METHODS: This retrospective analysis based on European Liver Transplant Registry comprised data of 73 recipients of liver transplantation for hepatic trauma performed in 37 centers in the period between 1987 and 2013...
November 2016: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713389/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-small-bowel-strangulation-due-to-congenital-band-three-cases-of-congenital-band-in-adults-lacking-a-history-of-trauma-or-surgery
#12
Gregory Nicolas, Tony Kfoury, Rasha Shimlati, Elliott Koury, Maroon Tohme, Elie Gharios, Raja Wakim
BACKGROUND Among the causes of constipation are bands and adhesions that lead to obstructions at different points in the intestinal tract. These can occur as a consequence of healing following surgery or trauma. However, an entity known as congenital band exists where a band is present from birth. Here we report three such cases of adults with symptoms of intestinal obstruction, in whom a congenital band was discovered through exploratory laparoscopy. CASE REPORT All three of these patients presented lacking a history of any abdominal trauma or previous abdominal surgeries, a fact that is often used to exclude an adhesion as a differential...
October 7, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712876/allicin-ameliorates-intraintestinal-bacterial-translocation-after-trauma-hemorrhagic-shock-in-rats-the-role-of-mesenteric-lymph-node-dendritic-cell
#13
Yun Zhang, Jian Zhang, Tao Xu, Wei Wu, Fang-Fang Huang, Wen-Qiao Yu, Shao-Yang Zhang, Ting-Bo Liang
BACKGROUND: Intestinal dendritic cells play important roles in regulating the function of the intestinal immune barrier and the intestinal bacterial translocation. In this study, we aim to investigate the effects of allicin on the function of mesenteric lymph node-dendritic cells after trauma/hemorrhagic shock. METHODS: One hundred and eight-four Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned into a sham group (n = 46), sham + allicin group (n = 46), trauma/hemorrhagic shock group (n = 46), and trauma/hemorrhagic shock + allicin group (n = 46)...
October 3, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658328/a-case-of-hepatic-portal-venous-gas-after-colonoscopy
#14
Tevfik Solakoglu, Sevil O Sari, Huseyin Koseoglu, Murat Basaran, Mustafa Akar, Semnur Buyukasik, Osman Ersoy
Hepatic portal venous gas (HPVG) is a rare radiologic finding that is usually precipitated by intestinal ischaemia, intra-abdominal abscesses, necrotising enterocolitis, abdominal trauma, infectious enteritis, and inflammatory bowel disease. In this study, we present a case of HPVG in a 66-year-old female patient who underwent colonoscopy for evaluation of haematochezia and a review of the literature focused on HPVG following colonoscopy.
September 2016: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648698/limited-resuscitation-with-fresh-or-stored-whole-blood-corrects-cardiovascular-and-metabolic-function-in-a-rat-model-of-polytrauma-and-hemorrhage
#15
Jacob Chen, Xiaowu Wu, Jeffrey Keesee, Bin Liu, Daniel N Darlington, Andrew P Cap
INTRODUCTION: We have recently shown that human whole blood stored at 4°C maintains hemostatic and platelet function. In this study, we compared restoration of hemodynamic, metabolic and hemostatic function after limited resuscitation with rat fresh whole blood, rat stored whole blood, or Lactated Ringers in traumatized rats. METHODS: Rat whole blood was stored for 10 days at 4°C for evaluation of hemostatic function. Polytrauma was performed on isoflurane-anesthetized Sprague-Dawley rats (350-450 g) by damage to the intestines, liver, right leg skeletal muscle and right femur fracture, followed by 40% hemorrhage...
September 19, 2016: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648695/tranexamic-acid-attenuates-the-loss-of-lung-barrier-function-in-a-rat-model-of-polytrauma-and-hemorrhage-with-resuscitation
#16
Xiaowu Wu, Michael A Dubick, Martin G Schwacha, Andrew P Cap, Daniel N Darlington
INTRODUCTION: Severe trauma, hemorrhage and resuscitation can lead to a trauma related acute lung injury that involves rapid infiltration of immune cells and platelets. This infiltration involves exymatic degradation of matrix proteins, including plasmin, and causes loss of barrier function. Since tranexamic acid (TXA) inhibits plasminogen/ plasmin binding to target substrates, it may attenuate loss of barrier function after severe trauma, hemorrhage and resuscitation. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to polytrauma (laparotomy, and trauma to intestines, liver, right leg skeletal muscle and right femur fracture), then bled 40% of their blood volume...
September 19, 2016: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588057/glutamine-decreases-intestinal-mucosal-injury-in-a-rat-model-of-intestinal-ischemia-reperfusion-by-downregulating-hmgb1-and-inflammatory-cytokine-expression
#17
Xiaoliang Shu, Jian Zhang, Qingxiu Wang, Zengguang Xu, Tingting Yu
Intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (IR) is a common clinical pathophysiological process that is common in severe trauma, major surgery, and in post-resuscitation. Glutamine (Gln) reduces intestinal IR injury, however, its mechanism of action remains to be determined. High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) protein, nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-1 (IL-1) are mediators involved in the pathophysiology of intestinal IR injury. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of Gln on the intestinal mucosa of HMGB1 expression following IR to determine whether Gln relieved intestinal IR injury in the intestinal mucosal barrier...
September 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559695/clinical-evaluation-of-shock-bowel-using-intestinal-fatty-acid-binding-protein
#18
Shokei Matsumoto, Kazuhiko Sekine, Hiroyuki Funaoka, Tomohiro Funabiki, Taku Akashi, Kei Hayashida, Masayuki Shimizu, Mitsuhide Kitano
"Shock bowel" is one of the computed tomographic (CT) signs of hypotension, yet its clinical implications remain poorly understood. We evaluated how shock bowel affects clinical outcomes and the extent of intestinal epithelial damage in trauma patients by measuring the level of intestinal fatty acid binding protein (I-FABP). We reviewed the initial CT scans, taken in the emergency room, of 92 patients with severe blunt torso trauma who were consecutively admitted during a 24-month period. The data collected included CT signs of hypotension, I-FABP, feeding intolerance, and other clinical outcomes...
August 24, 2016: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541027/discontinuity-of-the-bowel-following-damage-control-operation-revisited-a-multi-institutional-study
#19
Peep Talving, Konstantinos Chouliaras, Alexander Eastman, Margaret Lauerman, Pedro G Teixeira, Joseph DuBose, Joseph Minei, Thomas Scalea, Demetrios Demetriades
BACKGROUND: Discontinuity of the bowel following intestinal injury and resection is a common practice in damage control procedures for severe abdominal trauma. However, there are concerns that complete occlusion of the bowel, especially in the presence of hypotension or edema that may result in ischemic bowel changes or increase bacterial or toxin translocation. METHODS: This was a retrospective study from three Level-1 trauma centers. Included were trauma patients who required bowel resection and damage control...
August 19, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27533905/decellularized-extracellular-matrix-repair-of-volumetric-muscle-loss-injury-impairs-adjacent-bone-healing-in-a-rat-model-of-complex-musculoskeletal-trauma
#20
Beth E Pollot, Stephen M Goldman, Joseph C Wenke, Benjamin T Corona
BACKGROUND: Traumatic muscle loss (i.e., volumetric muscle loss [VML] injury) impairs adjacent fracture healing but is often left untreated. A promising therapy for this application is a decellularized extracellular matrix (ECM) because of their capacity to regenerate a vascularized tissue bed. This study tested the hypothesis that repair of VML concomitant to fracture with a small intestine submucosa (SIS)-ECM improves musculoskeletal healing. METHODS: In male Lewis rats (~375 g), a 3-mm segmental bone defect (SBD) was created in concomitance with a 6-mm, full-thickness VML injury to the adjacent tibialis anterior (TA) muscle...
November 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
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