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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228912/anatomical-variation-t1-spina-bifida-occulta-radiological-findings
#1
Guglielmo Manenti, Riccardo Iundusi, Eliseo Picchi, Salvatore Marsico, Adolfo D'Onofrio, Giorgia Rossi, Umberto Tarantino, Roberto Floris
We report a 26-year-old male patient who was admitted to our emergency department after a traffic accident and who suffered from neck pain. We have found accidentally a dorsal spinous process schisis, a very rare vertebral abnormality, that we recognized in the X-rays imaging performed for the study of the lung parenchyma.
March 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168045/transient-peripapillary-retinoschisis-in-glaucomatous-eyes
#2
Josine van der Schoot, Koenraad A Vermeer, Hans G Lemij
Purpose. To investigate transient focal microcystic retinoschisis in glaucomatous eyes in images obtained with several imaging techniques used in daily glaucoma care. Methods. Images of 117 glaucoma patients and 91 healthy subjects participating in a large prospective follow-up study into glaucoma imaging were reviewed. Participants were measured with spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), scanning laser polarimetry (SLP), scanning laser tomography (SLT), and standard automated perimetry (SAP)...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098710/stellate-nonhereditary-idiopathic-foveomacular-retinoschisis-accompanied-by-contralateral-peripheral-retinoschisis
#3
Daniel Ahmed, Martin Stattin, Carl Glittenberg, Ilse Krebs, Siamak Ansari-Shahrezaei
PURPOSE: To present a patient with stellate nonhereditary idiopathic foveomacular retinoschisis on one eye and peripheral retinoschisis without foveal affection on the other eye. METHODS: A case report with complete workup of family history and clinical examination, including multimodal imaging with optical coherence tomography and angiography, fluorescein angiography, and infrared fundus imaging. Genetic testing for gene mutation XRLS1 was performed. RESULTS: A white woman with unremarkable medical history presented with stellate foveal splitting of the outer plexiform layer on the right eye and peripheral splitting of the outer plexiform layer on both eyes...
January 16, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092313/surgical-management-of-tractional-retinoschisis-associated-with-vitreous-hemorrhage-in-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#4
Bozho Todorich, Aristomenis Thanos, Yoshihiro Yonekawa, Edward Korot, Michael T Trese, Kimberly A Drenser, Antonio Capone
PURPOSE: The tractional retinoschisis is a poorly understood, rare, and likely underappreciated entity in retinopathy of prematurity. The purpose of this article is to describe clinical findings and surgical management of tractional retinoschisis in retinopathy of prematurity, masquerading as Stage 4 retinopathy of prematurity retinal detachment. METHODS: A retrospective review of a single case with literature review and case discussion. RESULTS: In this report, we describe a child with retinopathy of prematurity and tractional schisis, who initially presented with vitreous hemorrhage and was effectively managed by vitrectomy and inner wall retinectomy...
January 13, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057646/incidence-mechanism-and-outcomes-of-schisis-retinal-detachments-revealed-through-a-prospective-population-based-study
#5
Kanmin Xue, Mahiul M K Muqit, Eric Ezra, Stephen J Charles, David Yorston, Arijit Mitra, Chetan K Patel
AIM: To determine the incidence, presentation and outcomes of progressive sight-threatening retinal detachment (RD) complicating degenerative retinoschisis. METHODS: We conducted the first prospective population-based epidemiological study of progressive schisis detachment over a 1-year period (2014-2015) in the UK. Case ascertainment was via monthly British Ophthalmological Surveillance Unit reporting cards sent to all ophthalmologists in the UK. For each reported case, data were collected using incident and 6 months follow-up questionnaires gathering information including demographic, presenting symptoms, retinal findings, primary management, primary outcome, secondary management and secondary outcome...
January 5, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977831/spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-in-older-patients-with-history-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#6
Aristomenis Thanos, Yoshihiro Yonekawa, Bozho Todorich, Natalie Huang, Kimberly A Drenser, George A Williams, Michael T Trese, Antonio Capone
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To characterize the in vivo microstructural features of patients with history of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A single-center, retrospective imaging case series during which a chart review was performed of consecutive patients with history of ROP who underwent spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) with or without enhanced depth imaging. Eyes with time-domain OCT, no light perception, or uninterpretable SD-OCT images were excluded...
December 1, 2016: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932860/rebound-macular-edema-following-oral-acetazolamide-therapy-for-juvenile-x-linked-retinoschisis-in-an-italian-family
#7
Maria Silvana Galantuomo, Maurizio Fossarello, Alberto Cuccu, Roberta Farci, Markus N Preising, Birgit Lorenz, Pietro Emanuele Napoli
BACKGROUND: Juvenile X-linked retinoschisis (RS1, OMIM: 312700) is a hereditary vitreoretinal dystrophy characterized by bilateral foveal schisis and, in half of the patients, splitting through the nerve fiber layer in the peripheral retina. In the first decade of life, patients usually develop a decrease in visual acuity. Long-term visual outcomes can be poor due to the limited number of known successful treatments. PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to present, for the first time, a p...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853955/different-foveal-schisis-patterns-in-each-retinal-layer-in-eyes-with-hereditary-juvenile-retinoschisis-evaluated-by-en-face-optical-coherence-tomography
#8
Tomoyo Yoshida-Uemura, Satoshi Katagiri, Tadashi Yokoi, Sachiko Nishina, Noriyuki Azuma
PURPOSE: To analyze the structures of schisis in eyes with hereditary juvenile retinoschisis using en-face optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging. METHODS: In this retrospective observational study, we reviewed the medical records of patients with hereditary juvenile retinoschisis who underwent comprehensive ophthalmic examinations including swept-source OCT. RESULTS: OCT images were obtained from 16 eyes of nine boys (mean age ± standard deviation, 10...
November 16, 2016: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834967/peripapillary-schisis-in-open-angle-glaucoma
#9
N Dhingra, R Manoharan, S Gill, M Nagar
PurposeTo report clinical features, topographic findings and outcome of 10 eyes with peripapillary schisis in open-angle glaucoma.Patients and methodsA retrospective review of patients with open-angle glaucoma who were noted to have peripapillary schisis on optical coherence tomography (OCT) were included. Serial peripapillary and macula infrared and OCT images, visual acuity, visual fields, and schisis appearance were reviewed.ResultsTen eyes of nine patients with open-angle glaucoma were detected to have the presence of peripapillary schisis...
November 11, 2016: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798534/sd-oct-and-microperimetric-correlated-changes-in-progressive-x-linked-retinoschisis-after-vitrectomy-a-case-report
#10
Luigi Sborgia, Nicola Recchimurzo, Alfredo Niro, Giancarlo Sborgia, Claudio Furino, Francesco Boscia, Giovanni Alessio
PURPOSE: To report optical coherence tomography and microperimetric correlated changes in a case of bilateral foveal schisis in progressive X-linked retinoschisis (XLRS) treated with vitrectomy, inner limiting membrane (ILM) peeling, and air tamponade. METHODS: One case report. RESULTS: An 18-year-old boy with bilateral foveal schisis in progressive XLRS underwent vitrectomy, ILM peeling and air tamponade in both eyes. At baseline and follow-up (1 month in right eye, 6 months in left eye), visual acuity test, optical coherence tomography, retinal sensitivity map, and fixation stability study were performed...
October 27, 2016: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747120/full-thickness-macular-hole-formation-after-internal-limiting-membrane-peeling-beware-the-omega-sign
#11
Robert A Sisk, Okan Toygar
Purpose. To introduce a clinical sign on spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT), which may indicate high risk for full-thickness macular hole formation after internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling. Methods. The preoperative SDOCT images of two patients-one with multilaminar hemorrhage from ruptured retinal artery macroaneurysm and one with serous retinal detachment and severe macular schisis from optic pit maculopathy-who developed full-thickness macular hole (FTMH) after ILM peeling were evaluated retrospectively...
2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703873/vitrectomy-for-bilateral-macular-schisis-without-apparent-optic-disc-anomalies
#12
José Andonegui, José Ramón Maya, Marta Echeverría, Araceli Alcaine
A 78-year-old man complained of bilateral visual acuity loss. Optical coherence tomography examination showed bilateral macular schisis with fluid accumulation in the external retinal layers without vitreous traction. Fundus examination and fluorescein angiography were normal in both eyes. Both eyes were treated by phacoemulsification, intraocular lens implantation, and vitrectomy without laser, gas exchange, or retinal fenestration. Slow and progressive fluid resorption and improvement in VA were observed in both eyes...
2016: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680778/complicated-congenital-retinoschisis
#13
Brian T Savoie, Philip J Ferrone
PURPOSE: To describe the treatment and natural history of a patient with complicated congenital retinoschisis. METHODS: A retrospective case report. A 10-month-old boy with congenital retinoschisis presented with tractional retinal detachments and foveal schisis in both eyes. RESULTS: On presentation, vision was decreased in both eyes with presumed amblyopia of the left eye. Funduscopic examination revealed bilateral foveal schisis and tractional retinal detachment involving the macula...
January 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668636/descemet-s-membrane-detachment-with-schisis-induced-by-phacoemulsification
#14
Wenjia Xie, Yesheng Xu, Yu-Feng Yao
PURPOSE: To describe a case of Descemet's membrane detachment and schisis (Descemet's membrane separated into multiple layers) with confirmation by high-definition anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) after phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation. CASE REPORT: A 72-year-old woman presented with persistent corneal edema after phacoemulsification. She was diagnosed with herpes simplex keratitis and had been unsuccessfully treated for 60 days in her local hospital...
December 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609164/phenotypic-characterization-of-x-linked-retinoschisis-clinical-electroretinography-and-optical-coherence-tomography-variables
#15
Srividya Neriyanuri, Sudha Dhandayuthapani, Jayamuruga Pandian Arunachalam, Rajiv Raman
AIMS: To study the phenotypic characteristics of X-linked retinoschisis (XLRS) and report the clinical, electroretinogram (ERG), and optical coherence tomography (OCT) variables in Indian eyes. DESIGN: A retrospective study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of 21 patients with retinoschisis who were genetically confirmed to have RS1 mutation were reviewed. The phenotype characterization included the age of onset, best-corrected visual acuity, refractive error, fundus findings, OCT, and ERG...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548456/widefield-oct-findings-of-a-patient-with-stellate-nonhereditary-idiopathic-foveomacular-retinoschisis
#16
Jacqueline B Mandell, Alice Y Kim, Anoush Shahidzadeh, Hossein Ameri, Carmen A Puliafito, Andrew A Moshfeghi
The authors report extensive peripheral retinoschisis in a patient with stellate nonhereditary idiopathic foveomacular retinoschisis (SNIFR) detected by widefield optical coherence tomography (OCT). A 64-year-old woman diagnosed with foveomacular retinoschisis 3 years prior presented for evaluation after being seen by multiple other retina specialists. Standard macular spectral-domain OCT (6 mm) revealed typical foveomacular schisis involving only the outer retina. However, widefield OCT (12 mm) revealed diffuse bilateral retinoschisis involving both inner and outer retinal layers in the macula and midperiphery...
August 1, 2016: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390514/an-ex-vivo-gene-therapy-approach-in-x-linked-retinoschisis
#17
Abu E Bashar, Andrew L Metcalfe, Ishaq A Viringipurampeer, Anat Yanai, Cheryl Y Gregory-Evans, Kevin Gregory-Evans
PURPOSE: X-linked retinoschisis (XLRS) is juvenile-onset macular degeneration caused by haploinsufficiency of the extracellular cell adhesion protein retinoschisin (RS1). RS1 mutations can lead to either a non-functional protein or the absence of protein secretion, and it has been established that extracellular deficiency of RS1 is the underlying cause of the phenotype. Therefore, we hypothesized that an ex vivo gene therapy strategy could be used to deliver sufficient extracellular RS1 to reverse the phenotype seen in XLRS...
2016: Molecular Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27343208/optical-coherence-tomography-of-outer-retinal-holes-in-senile-retinoschisis-and-schisis-detachment
#18
Aleksandra V Rachitskaya, Alex Yuan, Rishi P Singh, Jonathan E Sears, Andrew P Schachat
PURPOSE: On clinical examination, it can be challenging to differentiate retinoschisis with outer retinal hole from schisis-detachment. This study examined the role of outer retinal hole spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) imaging in conjunction with imaging of the posterior schisis cavity edge in differentiating between these conditions. METHODS: This is a retrospective case series. Out of 500 subjects with ICD-9 diagnoses of senile retinoschisis (361...
June 24, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27268268/retinal-features-in-mulvihill-smith-syndrome
#19
Pallavi Tyagi, Zain Juma, Aravind R Reddy
BACKGROUND: Mulvihill-Smith syndrome is a rare progeroid syndrome of sporadic nature. Previously reported ophthalmological findings include astigmatism, myopia, endothelial dystrophy, keratoconus, cataract, band keratopathy, meibomian gland dysfunction, dry eye disease, amblyopia, and allergic conjunctivitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The proband, a 25-year-old male subject diagnosed with Mulvihill-Smith syndrome in childhood developed retinal changes with onset of adulthood...
June 8, 2016: Ophthalmic Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27246168/dramatic-regression-of-macular-and-peripheral-retinoschisis-with-dorzolamide-2-in-x-linked-retinoschisis-a-case-report
#20
Ama Sadaka, Robert A Sisk
BACKGROUND: X-linked retinoschisis is one of the more frequently encountered inherited macular retinal disorders affecting young males, causing loss of vision. Patients exhibit macular schisis and peripheral schisis, which can mimic retinal detachment, a very different entity that requires surgical intervention. CASE PRESENTATION: An 8-month-old African-American boy was presented to our hospital with severe X-linked retinoschisis involving symmetrical bullous peripheral retinoschisis in both eyes, mimicking retinal detachment...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
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