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Post activation potentiation

Lorena Bavia, Kárita Cláudia Freitas Lidani, Fabiana Antunes Andrade, Miguel Ibraim Abboud Hanna Sobrinho, Renato Mitsunori Nisihara, Iara Jose de Messias-Reason
BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a potentially fatal condition, being a major cause of death worldwide. Ischemia suffered during AMI causes tissue damage, leading to an inflammatory process. Moreover, myocardial injury can generate damage-associated molecular patterns that activate pattern recognition molecules including some complement proteins. METHODS: Here we investigated products of complement activation, C3d and soluble C5b9 (sC5b9), as potential biomarkers for myocardial injury and inflammation, as well as serum cytokines (IL-6 and TNF-alpha), alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP), and classical markers of myocardial necrosis (creatine kinase, creatine kinase-MB isoform, myoglobin and troponin-I) in a longitudinal study of patients with AMI (from admission, 6 h and 12 h post admission, and at discharge from hospital)...
June 14, 2018: Immunology Letters
Sharon E Lynn, Michael D Kern
Early life experiences can affect the function of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis of vertebrates, with potential fitness consequences later in life. In altricial species, for example, variation in parental behavior, e.g. brooding or feeding, can modify the activity of the HPA axis of the young by altering their exposure to noxious stimuli as they develop in the nest. We have shown that a drop in the body temperature of eastern bluebird (Sialia sialis) chicks, such as occurs when females are away from the nest, elevates their blood corticosterone levels...
June 14, 2018: General and Comparative Endocrinology
Tantry Maulina, Hedy Diana, Arief Cahyanto, Amaliya
BACKGROUND: Curcumin is a turmeric contained active ingredient that has been proven to be effective in treating pain and inflammation due to its analgesic as well as anti-inflammation potential. Odontectomy, on the other hand, has been well known for its post-procedure acute inflammation pain. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to evaluate the efficacy of curcuminoid in treating acute inflammation post-operative pain in the post-surgical removal of impacted third molars patients...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Oliver Vranjkovic, Garrett Winkler, Danny G Winder
Forced abstinence from chronic two bottle-choice ethanol drinking produces the development of negative affective states in female C57BL/6J mice. We previously reported that this disrupted behavior is acutely reversed by administration of ketamine 30 min-prior to testing. Here we assessed whether ketamine can be used as an inoculant against the development of abstinence- dependent affective disturbances. In parallel, we examined the impact of ketamine administration on long-term potentiation (LTP) in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST), a region implicated in affective disturbances...
May 24, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Anne G Sadler, Ann M Cheney, Michelle A Mengeling, Brenda M Booth, James C Torner, Lance Brendan Young
Despite growing recognition of the high rates of sexual violence experienced by men serving in the U.S. military, male victimization, specifically sexual assault in military (SAIM), is an understudied topic. We qualitatively describe servicemen's awareness and perceptions of male SAIM, and their understanding of common barriers to servicemen reporting sexual assault. Participants included Midwestern Active Component and Reserve and National Guard servicemen, actively serving or Veteran, who had returned from Iraq or Afghanistan deployments during Operation Enduring/Iraqi Freedom eras...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Nisar A Wani, Seungbum Hong, Binoy S Vettical
Studies were conducted to evaluate the adequate time for exposure of donor nucleus to oocyte cytoplast before its activation and the effect of oocyte source on the development of SCNT embryos in camels. A higher number of embryos cleaved and developed to blastocyst stage (P < 0.05) when couplets were activated between 1 and 2 h-than that of those activated at 0.5 h or more than 2 h post-fusion. A reduced number of reconstructed embryos cleaved (55.2 ± 7.6%) and developed to the blastocyst stage (20...
May 25, 2018: Theriogenology
Nyisztor Zsolt, Denes Viktoria, Kovacs-Valasek Andrea, Hideg Orsolya, Berta Gergely, Gabriel Robert
PACAP1-38, a ubiquitous and multifunctional regulator has been in the focus of neurotoxicity research due to its impressive neuroprotective potential. Although the literature extensively demonstrated its repressive effect on the apoptotic machinery in neurodegenerative models, there is a striking absence of analysis on its role in normal development. We performed quantitative analyses on caspase activity in developing retina upon 100, 50, 25 or 1 pmol intravitreal PACAP1-38 injection from postnatal day 1 (P1) through P7 in Wistar rats...
June 12, 2018: Neuroscience
Nan Cao, Kemin Tan, Thirunavukkarasu Annamalai, Andrzej Joachimiak, Yuk-Ching Tse-Dinh
We have obtained new crystal structures of Mycobacterium tuberculosis topoisomerase I, including structures with ssDNA substrate bound to the active site, with and without Mg2+ ion present. Significant enzyme conformational changes upon DNA binding place the catalytic tyrosine in a pre-transition state position for cleavage of a specific phosphodiester linkage. Meanwhile, the enzyme/DNA complex with bound Mg2+ ion may represent the post-transition state for religation in the enzyme's multiple-step DNA relaxation catalytic cycle...
June 14, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
Feng Wang, Fuxiang Chen, Genbo Wang, Shushan Wei, Fu Fang, Dezhi Kang, Yuanxiang Lin
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway has attracted much attention in recent years. However, the contribution of mTOR activation to the development of post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE) remains largely unknown. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the activation of mTOR signaling in a rat model of FeCl2 -induced PTE, and to explore the potential effect of its specific inhibitor rapamycin. The results indicated that the expression levels of p-mTOR and p-P70S6K, the overactivation biomarkers of mTOR signaling, increased significantly in hippocampal and perilesional cortex following PTE induction...
June 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Jiwei Guo, Yan Wu, Jing Du, Lijuan Yang, Weiwei Chen, Kaikai Gong, Juanjuan Dai, Shuang Miao, Dan Jin, Sichuan Xi
The roles of aberrantly regulated autophagy in human malignancy and the mechanisms that initiate and sustain the repression of autophagy in carcinogenesis are less well defined. Activation of the oncogene UBE2C and repression of autophagy are concurrently underlying the initiation, progression, and metastasis of lung cancer and exploration of essential association of UBE2C with autophagy will confer more options in searching novel molecular therapeutic targets in lung cancer. Here we report that aberrant activation of UBE2C in lung tumors from patients associates with adverse prognosis and enhances cell proliferation, clonogenicity, and invasive growth of NSCLC...
June 13, 2018: Oncogenesis
Ilana Graetz, Janeane N Anderson, Caitlin N McKillop, Edward J Stepanski, Andrew J Paladino, Todd D Tillmanns
OBJECTIVE: Nearly 1 in 5 patients hospitalized for ovarian cancer surgery are readmitted for complications that may have been prevented with monitoring. We conducted a randomized controlled feasibility trial to evaluate a postoperative web-based app intervention to provide real-time symptom monitoring among patients diagnosed or with suspected gynecological cancer who had open bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy surgery. METHODS: Participants were randomized into two groups: (1) App + Reminder: had access to the app, and use was encouraged with daily and/or weekly reminders; (2) app: had access to the app but received no reminders...
June 11, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
Maryam A Shetab Boushehri, Mona M A Abdel-Mottaleb, Arnaud Béduneau, Yann Pellequer, Alf Lamprecht
This study sought to develop a simple nanoparticle-based approach to enhance the efficiency and tolerability of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a potent ligand of Toll-like Receptor 4 (TLR4), for immunotherapy in cancer. Despite holding promise within this context, the strong pro-inflammatory properties of LPS also account for its low tolerability given localized and systemic side effects, which restrict the administrable dosage. Herein, we investigated the effect of LPS decoration as a surface-active molecule on a polymeric matrix upon its efficiency and tolerability...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
Diren Arsoy, Christopher G Salib, William H Trousdale, Meagan E Tibbo, Afton K Limberg, Anthony Viste, Eric A Lewallen, Nicolas Reina, Michael J Yaszemski, Daniel J Berry, Andre J van Wijnen, Mark E Morrey, Joaquin Sanchez-Sotelo, Matthew P Abdel
Trauma, surgery, and other inflammatory conditions can lead to debilitating joint contractures. Adjunct pharmacologic modalities may permit clinical prevention and treatment of recalcitrant joint contractures. We investigated the therapeutic potential of rosiglitazone by intra-articular delivery via oligo[poly(ethylene glycol)fumarate] (OPF) hydrogels in an established rabbit model of arthrofibrosis. OPF hydrogels loaded with rosiglitazone were characterized for drug elution properties upon soaking in minimum essential media (MEM) with 10% fetal bovine serum and measurements of drug concentrations via High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Ying Xiong, Kai-Xue Li, Hong Wei, Lu Jiao, Shao-Yong Yu, Li Zeng
A growing body of evidence has demonstrated that Eph/ephrin signalling may serve a central role in intestinal diseases. However, whether erythropoietin‑producing hepatocellular (Eph)/ephrin signalling is associated with the development of post‑infectious irritable bowel syndrome (PI‑IBS) is still unknown. In the present study, the role of Eph/Ephrin signalling in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)‑induced intestinal injury was evaluated in vivo and in vitro. LPS treatment significantly increased the levels of proinflammatory mediators [monocyte chemoattractant protein‑1, tumour necrosis factor α, interleukin (IL)‑1β, IL‑6, intercellular adhesion molecule 1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule‑1], activated the EphA2‑Ephrin A1, protein kinase B (Akt)‑nuclear factor (NF)‑κB, Src‑NF‑κB and Wnt/β‑catenin signalling pathways, and inhibited EphB1‑Ephrin B3 signalling in colon tissues, and primary cultured enteric neuronal and glial cells...
June 14, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Wanassa Beroual, Matteo Brilli, Emanuele G Biondi
Caulobacter crescentus represents a remarkable model system to investigate global regulatory programs in bacteria. In particular, several decades of intensive study have revealed that its cell cycle is controlled by a cascade of master regulators, such as DnaA, GcrA, CcrM, and CtrA, that are responsible for the activation of functions required to progress through DNA replication, cell division and morphogenesis of polar structures (flagellum and stalk). In order to accomplish this task, several post-translational (phosphorylation and proteolysis) and transcriptional mechanisms are involved...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
Rosanna Squitti, Mariacristina Siotto, Giovanni Assenza, Nadia M Giannantoni, Mauro Rongioletti, Filippo Zappasodi, Franca Tecchio
The clinical course after ischemic stroke can vary considerably despite similar lesions and clinical status at the onset of symptoms, suggesting that individual factors modulate clinical recovery. Here, we sought to test the working hypothesis that elevated copper values provide prognostic information, and specifically predict worse clinical recovery. We further sought to support previous findings regarding metal metabolism in acute stroke. We assessed total antioxidant status, oxidative stress factors (peroxides) and metal metabolism markers (iron, copper, ceruloplasmin concentration and activity, ferritin, and transferrin) in the acute phase (2-10 days from symptom onset) in 30 patients affected by unilateral middle cerebral artery (MCA) stroke...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Allie J Widman, Amy E Stewart, Elise M Erb, Elizabeth Gardner, Lori L McMahon
In the past 20 years, ketamine has become a promising treatment for Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) due to its rapid and sustain antidepressant effects in patients. A single ketamine treatment causes improvement in depressive symptoms within hours and can last weeks, long after it is eliminated. Previous studies have demonstrated increased synaptic plasticity at CA3-CA1 synapses in hippocampus (HPC) 24 h post ketamine treatment suggesting increased activity-dependent hippocampal function may underlie the antidepressant effects of ketamine...
2018: Frontiers in Synaptic Neuroscience
Edward Hammond, Nicole M Haynes, Carleen Cullinane, Todd V Brennan, Darryn Bampton, Paul Handley, Tomislav Karoli, Fleur Lanksheer, Liwen Lin, Yiping Yang, Keith Dredge
BACKGROUND: Pixatimod (PG545) is a novel clinical-stage immunomodulatory agent capable of inhibiting the infiltration of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) yet also stimulate dendritic cells (DCs), leading to activation of natural killer (NK) cells. Preclinically, pixatimod inhibits heparanase (HPSE) which may be associated with its inhibitory effect on TAMs whereas its immunostimulatory activity on DCs is through the MyD88-dependent TLR9 pathway. Pixatimod recently completed a Phase Ia monotherapy trial in advanced cancer patients...
June 14, 2018: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
Steve Pratte, Kunshan Bao, Ji Shen, Lydia Mackenzie, Anna-Marie Klamt, Guoping Wang, Wei Xing
China is one of the fastest-growing economies of the late 20th and early 21st centuries, and heavy metal emissions have increased in parallel with rapid industrialization and urbanization. Over the last decade, several studies of geochemical records from peat have reconstructed changes in atmospheric metal pollution in China. We review the peat records that detail the history of atmospheric metal pollution over the last two centuries in NE China. The ecological risk (ER) of accumulated metals and their potential eco-toxicological effects, through threshold and probable effect concentrations (TEC and PEC), are also evaluated...
June 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Teresa Oliviero, Ruud Verkerk, Matthijs Dekker
The formation of health-beneficial isothiocyanates (ITCs) from glucosinolates depends on a wide variety of plant-intrinsic factors (e.g., concentration of glucosinolates, activity of myrosinase and specifier proteins) and on a multitude of extrinsic post-harvest factors such as the conditions used during industrial processing, domestic preparation, mastication and digestion. All of these factors contribute to a large variability in the formation of ITCs (and other breakdown products), as well as their intake and absorption upon consumption of Brassica vegetables...
June 13, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
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