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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893012/pattern-of-self-prescribed-analgesic-use-in-a-rural-area-of-delhi-exploring-the-potential-role-of-internet
#1
Anjali Kochhar, Tanya Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Analgesics are the most common self prescribed drugs. Although considered to be relatively safe, side effects are often seen when these drugs are used for prolonged period, in high doses or used where contraindicated. Majority of the consumers are not aware of the side effects. These days ample amount of information is available on web, it is important to explore its role in educating the population regarding the safe use of self prescribed analgesics. AIM: To explore pattern of analgesic use, to identify population at risk of developing side effects related to analgesic use, awareness of side effects and potential role of internet to bring awareness about safe use of self prescribed analgesic drugs in a rural area of Delhi...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855063/does-evidence-support-the-use-of-mobile-phone-apps-as-a-driver-for-promoting-healthy-lifestyles-from-a-public-health-perspective-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-control-trials
#2
L Covolo, E Ceretti, M Moneda, S Castaldi, U Gelatti
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to find a scientific evidence on the efficacy of apps in promoting healthy lifestyles. METHODS: The research was carried out according to PRISMA Statement. Pubmed, Embase and Google Scholar searches were carried out up to September 2016 focusing on randomized control trials (RCTs). RESULTS: Forty RCTs were selected. Most of the studies targeted weight management, PA and healthy eating (N=35)...
August 30, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843560/smartphone-coupled-handheld-array-reader-for-real-time-toxic-gas-detection
#3
Jasmine Pramila Devadhasan, Dami Kim, Do Young Lee, Sanghyo Kim
Smartphones and related accessories are rapidly expanding their applications in various fields. Herein we developed a smartphone coupled handheld array reader with the integration of complementary metal oxide (CMOS) image sensor for detecting various toxic gases by colorimetric monitoring approach. In this study, toxic gases such as hydrogen fluoride (HF), chlorine (Cl2), ammonia (NH3), and formaldehyde (CH2O) were detected using titanium nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) blended poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA) hydrogel test strips, which were patterned with chemically responsive dyes...
September 1, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799137/ethanol-alters-app-processing-and-aggravates-alzheimer-associated-phenotypes
#4
Daochao Huang, Mengjiao Yu, Shou Yang, Dandan Lou, Weitao Zhou, Lingling Zheng, Zhe Wang, Fang Cai, Weihui Zhou, Tingyu Li, Weihong Song
The majority of Alzheimer's disease (AD) cases are sporadic with unknown causes. Many dietary factors including excessive alcohol intake have been reported to increase the risk to develop AD. The effect of alcohol on cognitive functions and AD pathogenesis remains elusive. In this study, we investigated the relationship between ethanol exposure and Alzheimer's disease. Cell cultures were treated with ethanol at different dosages for different durations up to 48 h and an AD model mouse was fed with ethanol for 4 weeks...
August 10, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797307/using-smartphones-to-decrease-substance-use-via-self-monitoring-and-recovery-support-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-control-trial
#5
Christy K Scott, Michael L Dennis, David H Gustafson
BACKGROUND: Alcohol abuse, other substance use disorders, and risk behaviors associated with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) represent three of the top 10 modifiable causes of mortality in the US. Despite evidence that continuing care is effective in sustaining recovery from substance use disorders and associated behaviors, patients rarely receive it. Smartphone applications (apps) have been effective in delivering continuing care to patients almost anywhere and anytime. This study tests the effectiveness of two components of such apps: ongoing self-monitoring through Ecological Momentary Assessments (EMAs) and immediate recovery support through Ecological Momentary Interventions (EMIs)...
August 10, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790022/usability-testing-of-the-branch-smartphone-app-designed-to-reduce-harmful-drinking-in-young-adults
#6
Joanna Milward, Paolo Deluca, Colin Drummond, Rod Watson, Jacklyn Dunne, Andreas Kimergård
BACKGROUND: Electronic screening and brief intervention (eSBI) apps demonstrate potential to reduce harmful drinking. However, low user engagement rates with eSBI reduce overall effectiveness of interventions. As "Digital Natives," young adults have high expectations of app quality. Ensuring that the design, content, and functionality of an eSBI app are acceptable to young adults is an integral stage to the development process. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify usability barriers and enablers for an app, BRANCH, targeting harmful drinking in young adults...
August 8, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723300/interest-in-using-mobile-technology-to-help-self-manage-alcohol-use-among-persons-living-with-the-human-immunodeficiency-virus-a-florida-cohort-cross-sectional-study
#7
J Danielle Sharpe, Zhi Zhou, César G Escobar-Viera, Jamie P Morano, Robert J Lucero, Gladys E Ibañez, Mark Hart, Christa L Cook, Robert L Cook
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption at hazardous levels is more prevalent and associated with poor health outcomes among persons living with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV; PLWH). Although PLWH are receptive to using technology to manage health issues, it is unknown whether a cell phone app to self-manage alcohol use would be acceptable among PLWH who drink. The objectives of this study were to determine factors associated with interest in an app to self-manage drinking and to identify differences in baseline mobile technology use among PLWH by drinking level...
July 19, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723276/can-an-app-help-identify-psychomotor-function-impairments-during-drinking-occasions-in-the-real-world-a-mixed-method-pilot-study
#8
Brian Suffoletto, Akash Goyal, Juan Carlos Puyana, Tammy Chung
BACKGROUND: Being able to measure the acute effects of alcohol consumption on psychomotor functions in natural settings could be useful in injury prevention interventions. This study examined the feasibility and acceptability of collecting app-based measures of information processing, working memory and gait stability during times of typical alcohol consumption among young adults. METHODS: Ten young adults (aged 21-26) with hazardous drinking completed a baseline assessment and ecological momentary assessments (EMA) on 4 consecutive Fridays and Saturdays, every hour from 8pm to 12am...
July 19, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709856/developing-smartphone-apps-for-behavioural-studies-the-alcorisk-app-case-study
#9
Anthony Smith, Kristy de Salas, Ian Lewis, Benjamin Schüz
Advances in mobile technology and significantly increasing utilization of mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets have resulted in a paradigm shift from PC-centric computing to mobile computing. The results of careful analysis conducted of this mobile landscape indicate that there is a growing demand for smart, user-centric, situation-aware mobile software. Invariably, concomitant with this demand is the need for methodologies that can provide support the development of this type of software. In this paper, we propose a semantic framework, called the mobile situation-aware framework, which supports efficient modeling, construction, processing, management, and inference of mobile situation information...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687533/mobile-health-technology-using-a-wearable-sensorband-for-female-college-students-with-problem-drinking-an-acceptability-and-feasibility-study
#10
Noelle Regina Leonard, Michelle Silverman, Dawa Phuti Sherpa, Madeline A Naegle, Hyorim Kim, Donna L Coffman, Marcy Ferdschneider
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of mobile app interventions have been developed for problem drinking among college students; however, few studies have examined the integration of a mobile app with continuous physiological monitoring and alerting of affective states related to drinking behaviors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to evaluate the acceptability and feasibility of Mind the Moment (MtM), a theoretically based intervention for female college students with problem drinking that combines brief, in-person counseling with ecological momentary intervention (EMI) on a mobile app integrated with a wearable sensorband...
July 7, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583905/health-app-possession-among-smartphone-or-tablet-owners-in-hong-kong-population-based-survey
#11
Chen Shen, Man Ping Wang, Joanna Tw Chu, Alice Wan, Kasisomayajula Viswanath, Sophia Siu Chee Chan, Tai Hing Lam
BACKGROUND: Health apps are increasingly used with important implications for health. Hong Kong is one of the most technologically advanced and connected cities-smartphone ownership and Internet access rates are among the highest in the world. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the prevalence of health app possession and related sociodemographic factors and health behaviors among smartphone or tablet owners in Hong Kong. METHODS: A territory-wide population-based dual (landline and mobile) telephone survey was conducted in 2016...
June 5, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511698/using-a-mobile-health-application-to-reduce-alcohol-consumption-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-the-drinkaware-track-calculate-units-application
#12
Sophie Attwood, Hannah Parke, John Larsen, Katie L Morton
BACKGROUND: Smartphone applications ("apps") offer promise as tools to help people monitor and reduce their alcohol consumption. To date, few evaluations of alcohol reduction apps exist, with even fewer considering apps already available to the public. The aim of this study was to evaluate an existing publically available app, designed by Drinkaware, a UK-based alcohol awareness charity. METHODS: We adopted a mixed-methods design, analysing routinely collected app usage data to explore user characteristics and patterns of usage...
May 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421175/factors-influencing-usability-of-a-smartphone-app-to-reduce-excessive-alcohol-consumption-think-aloud-and-interview-studies
#13
David Crane, Claire Garnett, Jamie Brown, Robert West, Susan Michie
BACKGROUND: Interventions delivered by smartphone apps have the potential to help drinkers reduce their consumption of alcohol. To optimize engagement and reduce the high rates of attrition associated with the use of digital interventions, it is necessary to ensure that an app's design and functionality is appropriate for its intended purposes and target population. AIMS: To understand the usability of an app to help people reduce their alcohol consumption. METHOD: The app, Drink Less, contains a core module focusing on goal setting, supplemented by five additional modules: self-monitoring and feedback, identity change, cognitive bias re-training, action planning, and social comparison...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420604/a-digital-tool-to-promote-alcohol-and-drug-use-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-skill-translation-a-mobile-app-development-and-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#14
Derek D Satre, Khanh Ly, Maria Wamsley, Alexa Curtis, Jason Satterfield
BACKGROUND: Translation of knowledge and skills from classroom settings to clinical practice is a major challenge in healthcare training, especially for behavioral interventions. For example, screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is a highly-promoted approach to identifying and treating individuals at risk for alcohol or drug problems, yet effective, routine use of SBIRT has lagged. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to describe the development, pilot testing, and trial protocol of a mobile app based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to promote SBIRT skill translation and application...
April 18, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377366/the-impact-of-mobile-apps-on-alcohol-use-disorder-a-systematic-review-protocol
#15
Antoine Sa Sawares, Nelson Shen, Yunlin Xue, Alexxa Abi-Jaoude, David Wiljer
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is among the most prevalent mental disorders worldwide and is associated with a diverse range of physical and psychological comorbidities. Despite various types of treatment, there are many barriers to accessing treatment (ie, stigma, cost, accessibility of service, etc). Mobile apps have the potential to overcome these barriers and provide support to those who need it. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review is to assess the effectiveness of mobile apps in reducing alcohol consumption for individuals with AUD and understand the psychological outcomes of using the apps (ie, client empowerment, self-efficacy, etc)...
April 4, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315201/user-characteristics-of-a-smartphone-app-to-reduce-alcohol-consumption
#16
Claire Garnett, David Crane, Robert West, Susan Michie, Jamie Brown, Adam Winstock
Digital interventions are available to help people reduce their alcohol consumption, but it is not known who uses these interventions and how this treatment-seeking group compares with the general population of drinkers. The study objective was to compare the socio-demographic and drinking characteristics of users of the 'Drinks Meter' smartphone app with the general population of drinkers in England and website users of the same intervention. Data were used from the Drinks Meter app and website, and a nationally representative cross-sectional survey in England (Alcohol Toolkit Study)...
March 17, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293621/development-of-the-physical-activity-and-your-nutrition-for-cancer-pync-smartphone-app-for-preventing-breast-cancer-in-women
#17
Steven S Coughlin, Gina M Besenyi, Deborah Bowen, Gianluca De Leo
BACKGROUND: In the U.S., breast cancer accounts for more cancer deaths in women than any site other than lung cancer. Based upon attributable risks, about 30-35% of breast cancers could potentially be prevented by addressing obesity, physical inactivity, increased alcohol consumption, and carcinogenic exposures such as hormone replacement therapy (HRT). We need methods of reducing women's risks of this disease that are attractive and easy to use, widely accessible to diverse women, and able to be easily amended to account for new research...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241759/smokers-and-drinkers-choice-of-smartphone-applications-and-expectations-of-engagement-a-think-aloud-and-interview-study
#18
Olga Perski, Ann Blandford, Harveen Kaur Ubhi, Robert West, Susan Michie
BACKGROUND: Public health organisations such as the National Health Service in the United Kingdom and the National Institutes of Health in the United States provide access to online libraries of publicly endorsed smartphone applications (apps); however, there is little evidence that users rely on this guidance. Rather, one of the most common methods of finding new apps is to search an online store. As hundreds of smoking cessation and alcohol-related apps are currently available on the market, smokers and drinkers must actively choose which app to download prior to engaging with it...
February 28, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236288/self-management-and-shared-decision-making-in-alcohol-dependence-via-a-mobile-app-a-pilot-study
#19
Pablo Barrio, Lluisa Ortega, Hugo López, Antoni Gual
PURPOSE: Mobile applications (apps) have created new opportunities in the field of alcohol dependence (AD) within new paradigms of shared decision-making and self-management. The aim of this study is to report the results of a pilot study testing the usability of and satisfaction with a mobile app (called SIDEAL) in AD patients. METHODS: Adult AD outpatients were included. SIDEAL was installed on patients' personal phones. The Timeline Followback (TLFB) method for the preceding 6 weeks was administered both at baseline and after 6 weeks (end of the study)...
February 24, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224445/skills-training-via-smartphone-app-for-university-students-with-excessive-alcohol-consumption-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Mikael Gajecki, Claes Andersson, Ingvar Rosendahl, Kristina Sinadinovic, Morgan Fredriksson, Anne H Berman
PURPOSE: University students in a study on estimated blood alcohol concentration (eBAC) feedback apps were offered participation in a second study, if reporting continued excessive consumption at 6-week follow-up. This study evaluated the effects on excessive alcohol consumption of offering access to an additional skills training app. METHOD: A total of 186 students with excessive alcohol consumption were randomized to an intervention group or a wait list group...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
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