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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583905/health-app-possession-among-smartphone-or-tablet-owners-in-hong-kong-population-based-survey
#1
Chen Shen, Man Ping Wang, Joanna Tw Chu, Alice Wan, Kasisomayajula Viswanath, Sophia Siu Chee Chan, Tai Hing Lam
BACKGROUND: Health apps are increasingly used with important implications for health. Hong Kong is one of the most technologically advanced and connected cities-smartphone ownership and Internet access rates are among the highest in the world. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the prevalence of health app possession and related sociodemographic factors and health behaviors among smartphone or tablet owners in Hong Kong. METHODS: A territory-wide population-based dual (landline and mobile) telephone survey was conducted in 2016...
June 5, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511698/using-a-mobile-health-application-to-reduce-alcohol-consumption-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-the-drinkaware-track-calculate-units-application
#2
Sophie Attwood, Hannah Parke, John Larsen, Katie L Morton
BACKGROUND: Smartphone applications ("apps") offer promise as tools to help people monitor and reduce their alcohol consumption. To date, few evaluations of alcohol reduction apps exist, with even fewer considering apps already available to the public. The aim of this study was to evaluate an existing publically available app, designed by Drinkaware, a UK-based alcohol awareness charity. METHODS: We adopted a mixed-methods design, analysing routinely collected app usage data to explore user characteristics and patterns of usage...
May 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421175/factors-influencing-usability-of-a-smartphone-app-to-reduce-excessive-alcohol-consumption-think-aloud-and-interview-studies
#3
David Crane, Claire Garnett, Jamie Brown, Robert West, Susan Michie
BACKGROUND: Interventions delivered by smartphone apps have the potential to help drinkers reduce their consumption of alcohol. To optimize engagement and reduce the high rates of attrition associated with the use of digital interventions, it is necessary to ensure that an app's design and functionality is appropriate for its intended purposes and target population. AIMS: To understand the usability of an app to help people reduce their alcohol consumption. METHOD: The app, Drink Less, contains a core module focusing on goal setting, supplemented by five additional modules: self-monitoring and feedback, identity change, cognitive bias re-training, action planning, and social comparison...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420604/a-digital-tool-to-promote-alcohol-and-drug-use-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-skill-translation-a-mobile-app-development-and-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#4
Derek D Satre, Khanh Ly, Maria Wamsley, Alexa Curtis, Jason Satterfield
BACKGROUND: Translation of knowledge and skills from classroom settings to clinical practice is a major challenge in healthcare training, especially for behavioral interventions. For example, screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is a highly-promoted approach to identifying and treating individuals at risk for alcohol or drug problems, yet effective, routine use of SBIRT has lagged. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to describe the development, pilot testing, and trial protocol of a mobile app based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to promote SBIRT skill translation and application...
April 18, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377366/the-impact-of-mobile-apps-on-alcohol-use-disorder-a-systematic-review-protocol
#5
Antoine Sa Sawares, Nelson Shen, Yunlin Xue, Alexxa Abi-Jaoude, David Wiljer
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is among the most prevalent mental disorders worldwide and is associated with a diverse range of physical and psychological comorbidities. Despite various types of treatment, there are many barriers to accessing treatment (ie, stigma, cost, accessibility of service, etc). Mobile apps have the potential to overcome these barriers and provide support to those who need it. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review is to assess the effectiveness of mobile apps in reducing alcohol consumption for individuals with AUD and understand the psychological outcomes of using the apps (ie, client empowerment, self-efficacy, etc)...
April 4, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315201/user-characteristics-of-a-smartphone-app-to-reduce-alcohol-consumption
#6
Claire Garnett, David Crane, Robert West, Susan Michie, Jamie Brown, Adam Winstock
Digital interventions are available to help people reduce their alcohol consumption, but it is not known who uses these interventions and how this treatment-seeking group compares with the general population of drinkers. The study objective was to compare the socio-demographic and drinking characteristics of users of the 'Drinks Meter' smartphone app with the general population of drinkers in England and website users of the same intervention. Data were used from the Drinks Meter app and website, and a nationally representative cross-sectional survey in England (Alcohol Toolkit Study)...
March 17, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293621/development-of-the-physical-activity-and-your-nutrition-for-cancer-pync-smartphone-app-for-preventing-breast-cancer-in-women
#7
Steven S Coughlin, Gina M Besenyi, Deborah Bowen, Gianluca De Leo
BACKGROUND: In the U.S., breast cancer accounts for more cancer deaths in women than any site other than lung cancer. Based upon attributable risks, about 30-35% of breast cancers could potentially be prevented by addressing obesity, physical inactivity, increased alcohol consumption, and carcinogenic exposures such as hormone replacement therapy (HRT). We need methods of reducing women's risks of this disease that are attractive and easy to use, widely accessible to diverse women, and able to be easily amended to account for new research...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241759/smokers-and-drinkers-choice-of-smartphone-applications-and-expectations-of-engagement-a-think-aloud-and-interview-study
#8
Olga Perski, Ann Blandford, Harveen Kaur Ubhi, Robert West, Susan Michie
BACKGROUND: Public health organisations such as the National Health Service in the United Kingdom and the National Institutes of Health in the United States provide access to online libraries of publicly endorsed smartphone applications (apps); however, there is little evidence that users rely on this guidance. Rather, one of the most common methods of finding new apps is to search an online store. As hundreds of smoking cessation and alcohol-related apps are currently available on the market, smokers and drinkers must actively choose which app to download prior to engaging with it...
February 28, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236288/self-management-and-shared-decision-making-in-alcohol-dependence-via-a-mobile-app-a-pilot-study
#9
Pablo Barrio, Lluisa Ortega, Hugo López, Antoni Gual
PURPOSE: Mobile applications (apps) have created new opportunities in the field of alcohol dependence (AD) within new paradigms of shared decision-making and self-management. The aim of this study is to report the results of a pilot study testing the usability of and satisfaction with a mobile app (called SIDEAL) in AD patients. METHODS: Adult AD outpatients were included. SIDEAL was installed on patients' personal phones. The Timeline Followback (TLFB) method for the preceding 6 weeks was administered both at baseline and after 6 weeks (end of the study)...
February 24, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224445/skills-training-via-smartphone-app-for-university-students-with-excessive-alcohol-consumption-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Mikael Gajecki, Claes Andersson, Ingvar Rosendahl, Kristina Sinadinovic, Morgan Fredriksson, Anne H Berman
PURPOSE: University students in a study on estimated blood alcohol concentration (eBAC) feedback apps were offered participation in a second study, if reporting continued excessive consumption at 6-week follow-up. This study evaluated the effects on excessive alcohol consumption of offering access to an additional skills training app. METHOD: A total of 186 students with excessive alcohol consumption were randomized to an intervention group or a wait list group...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165844/the-health-behavior-information-needs-and-preferences-of-teenage-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors
#11
Gemma Pugh, Rachael E Hough, Helen L Gravestock, Sarah E Jackson, Abigail Fisher
PURPOSE: This study aimed to establish teenage and young adult cancer survivors (TYACS') specific interest in receiving information on physical activity, diet, smoking, and alcohol consumption and their preferences regarding the delivery, format, and timing of such health behavior information. METHODS: TYACS aged 13-25 years were invited to complete a questionnaire assessing the advice they had received in the past and their preferences on when and how health behavior information should be delivered...
June 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137701/a-smarter-pathway-for-delivering-cue-exposure-therapy-the-design-and-development-of-a-smartphone-app-targeting-alcohol-use-disorder
#12
Angelina Isabella Mellentin, Elsebeth Stenager, Bent Nielsen, Anette Søgaard Nielsen, Fei Yu
BACKGROUND: Although the number of alcohol-related treatments in app stores is proliferating, none of them are based on a psychological framework and supported by empirical evidence. Cue exposure treatment (CET) with urge-specific coping skills (USCS) is often used in Danish treatment settings. It is an evidence-based psychological approach that focuses on promoting "confrontation with alcohol cues" as a means of reducing urges and the likelihood of relapse. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the design and development of a CET-based smartphone app; an innovative delivery pathway for treating alcohol use disorder (AUD)...
January 30, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069986/mechanisms-involved-in-porcine-early-embryo-survival-following-ethanol-exposure
#13
Florence Pagé-Larivière, Céline Campagna, Marc-André Sirard
Alcohol consumption during pregnancy is still a cause of preventable birth defects and developmental disabilities. However, little is known about the impact of ethanol on preimplantation embryos and the molecular mechanisms involved. We aimed to determine the toxicogenomic impacts and the mechanisms involved in preimplantation embryonic survival following 0.2% ethanol exposure in porcine embryos. Gene expression changes were measured with a porcine embryo specific microarray and confirmed by RT-qPCR. When compared with control, ethanol exposure led to a 43% decrease in blastocyst rate and activated pathways associated with oxidative stress and nervous system damage, such as TP53 and TGF...
March 1, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908844/quittr-the-design-of-a-video-game-to-support-smoking-cessation
#14
Ivan Bindoff, Kristy de Salas, Gregory Peterson, Tristan Ling, Ian Lewis, Lindsay Wells, Peter Gee, Stuart G Ferguson
BACKGROUND: Smoking is recognized as the largest, single, preventable cause of death and disease in the developed world. While the majority of smokers report wanting to quit, and many try each year, smokers find it difficult to maintain long-term abstinence. Behavioral support, such as education, advice, goal-setting, and encouragement, is known to be beneficial in improving the likelihood of succeeding in a quit attempt, but it remains difficult to effectively deliver this behavioral support and keep the patient engaged with the process for a sufficient duration...
December 1, 2016: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849418/association-between-using-smartphone-dating-applications-and-alcohol-and-recreational-drug-use-in-conjunction-with-sexual-activities-in-college-students
#15
Edmond P H Choi, Janet Y H Wong, Herman H M Lo, Wendy Wong, Jasmine H M Chio, Daniel Y T Fong
BACKGROUND: The association between using smartphone dating applications (apps) and substance use in conjunction with sexual activities was only examined in homosexual men. This association was poorly understood in heterosexual samples. OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between using dating apps and alcohol, and use of recreational drug in conjunction with sexual activities in college students. DESIGN: 666 students from four universities in Hong Kong were recruited in this cross-sectional study in the year 2015...
March 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775390/using-drinking-data-and-pharmacokinetic-modeling-to-calibrate-transport-model-and-blind-deconvolution-based-data-analysis-software-for-transdermal-alcohol-biosensors
#16
Zheng Dai, I G Rosen, Chuming Wang, Nancy Barnett, Susan E Luczak
Alcohol researchers/clinicians have two ways to collect subject /patient field data, standard-drink self-report and the breath analyzer, neither of which is passive or accurate because active subject participation is required. Transdermal alcohol sensors have been developed to measure transdermal alcohol concentration (TAC), but they are used primarily as abstinence monitors because converting TAC into more meaningful blood/breath alcohol concentration (BAC/BrAC) is difficult. In this paper, BAC/BrAC is estimated from TAC by first calibrating forward distributed parameter-based convolution models for ethanol transport from the blood through the skin using patient-collected drinking data for a single drinking episode and a nonlinear pharmacokinetic metabolic absorption/elimination model to estimate BAC...
October 1, 2016: Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering: MBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760883/evaluating-mobile-phone-applications-for-health-behaviour-change-a-systematic-review
#17
Fiona H McKay, Christina Cheng, Annemarie Wright, Jane Shill, Hugh Stephens, Mary Uccellini
INTRODUCTION: Increasing smartphones access has allowed for increasing development and use of smart phone applications (apps). Mobile health interventions have previously relied on voice or text-based short message services (SMS), however, the increasing availability and ease of use of apps has allowed for significant growth of smartphone apps that can be used for health behaviour change. This review considers the current body of knowledge relating to the evaluation of apps for health behaviour change...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712610/contextual-factors-in-geosocial-networking-smartphone-application-use-and-engagement-in-condomless-anal-intercourse-among-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-who-use-grindr
#18
William C Goedel, Dustin T Duncan
Background: Geosocial-networking smartphone applications (apps) have been used increasingly by men who have sex with men (MSM) to meet new sexual partners. The purpose of this study was to examine associations between contexts of app use (e.g. using apps when drinking) and condomless anal intercourse among a sample of MSM who use these apps. Methods: MSM (n=174) in New York City were recruited through Grindr, a geosocial-networking app popular among MSM, using broadcast advertisements asking MSM to complete an Internet-based survey about their app use and sexual behaviours...
October 7, 2016: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689559/development-of-a-mobile-application-for-oral-cancer-screening
#19
Mayra Sousa Gomes, Paulo Rogério Ferreti Bonan, Vitor Yuri Nicolau Ferreira, Laudenice de Lucena Pereira, Ricardo João Cruz Correia, Hélder Bruno da Silva Teixeira, Daniel Cláudio Pereira
PURPOSE: To develop a mobile application (app) for oral cancer screening. METHODS: The app was developed using Android system version 4.4.2, with JAVA language. Information concerning sociodemographic data and risk factors for oral cancer development, e.g., tobacco and alcohol use, sun exposure and other contributing factors, such as unprotected oral sex, oral pain and denture use, were included. We surveyed a population at high risk for oral cancer development and then evaluated the sensitivity/specificity/accuracy and predictive values of clinical oral diagnosis between two blinded trained examiners, who used movies and data from the app, and in loco oral examination as gold-standard...
September 20, 2016: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684277/psychosocial-interventions-for-psychostimulant-misuse
#20
Silvia Minozzi, Rosella Saulle, Franco De Crescenzo, Laura Amato
BACKGROUND: Psychostimulant misuse is a continuously growing medical and social burden. There is no evidence proving the efficacy of pharmacotherapy. Psychosocial interventions could be a valid approach to help patients in reducing or ceasing drug consumption. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of psychosocial interventions for psychostimulant misuse in adults. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Drugs and Alcohol Group Specialised Register (via CRSLive); Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL); MEDLINE; EMBASE; CINAHL; Web of Science and PsycINFO, from inception to November 2015...
September 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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