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Alcoholics app

Fiona H McKay, Christina Cheng, Annemarie Wright, Jane Shill, Hugh Stephens, Mary Uccellini
INTRODUCTION: Increasing smartphones access has allowed for increasing development and use of smart phone applications (apps). Mobile health interventions have previously relied on voice or text-based short message services (SMS), however, the increasing availability and ease of use of apps has allowed for significant growth of smartphone apps that can be used for health behaviour change. This review considers the current body of knowledge relating to the evaluation of apps for health behaviour change...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
William C Goedel, Dustin T Duncan
Background: Geosocial-networking smartphone applications (apps) have been used increasingly by men who have sex with men (MSM) to meet new sexual partners. The purpose of this study was to examine associations between contexts of app use (e.g. using apps when drinking) and condomless anal intercourse among a sample of MSM who use these apps. Methods: MSM (n=174) in New York City were recruited through Grindr, a geosocial-networking app popular among MSM, using broadcast advertisements asking MSM to complete an Internet-based survey about their app use and sexual behaviours...
October 7, 2016: Sexual Health
Mayra Sousa Gomes, Paulo Rogério Ferreti Bonan, Vitor Yuri Nicolau Ferreira, Laudenice de Lucena Pereira, Ricardo João Cruz Correia, Hélder Bruno da Silva Teixeira, Daniel Cláudio Pereira
PURPOSE: To develop a mobile application (app) for oral cancer screening. METHODS: The app was developed using Android system version 4.4.2, with JAVA language. Information concerning sociodemographic data and risk factors for oral cancer development, e.g., tobacco and alcohol use, sun exposure and other contributing factors, such as unprotected oral sex, oral pain and denture use, were included. We surveyed a population at high risk for oral cancer development and then evaluated the sensitivity/specificity/accuracy and predictive values of clinical oral diagnosis between two blinded trained examiners, who used movies and data from the app, and in loco oral examination as gold-standard...
September 20, 2016: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Silvia Minozzi, Rosella Saulle, Franco De Crescenzo, Laura Amato
BACKGROUND: Psychostimulant misuse is a continuously growing medical and social burden. There is no evidence proving the efficacy of pharmacotherapy. Psychosocial interventions could be a valid approach to help patients in reducing or ceasing drug consumption. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of psychosocial interventions for psychostimulant misuse in adults. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Drugs and Alcohol Group Specialised Register (via CRSLive); Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL); MEDLINE; EMBASE; CINAHL; Web of Science and PsycINFO, from inception to November 2015...
September 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Louise Penzenstadler, Anne Chatton, Mathias Van Singer, Yasser Khazaal
BACKGROUND: Apps for smartphones are opening an important range of opportunities for improving the care of people with alcohol use disorders (AUDs). AIMS: This study aimed to evaluate the quality of English language apps for AUDs and to compare paid and free apps. The keywords 'alcohol', 'alcohol addiction', 'alcohol help' and 'stop drinking' were entered into the iTunes Store search engine. Apps were evaluated using a standardized assessment designed to rate the quality of apps in terms of accountability, interactivity, self-help score and evidence-based content...
2016: European Addiction Research
Hollie Wilson, Stoyan R Stoyanov, Shailen Gandabhai, Alexander Baldwin
BACKGROUND: Driving after the consumption of alcohol represents a significant problem globally. Individual prevention countermeasures such as personalized mobile app aimed at preventing such behavior are widespread, but there is little research on their accuracy and evidence base. There has been no known assessment investigating the quality of such apps. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the quality and accuracy of apps for drink driving prevention by conducting a review and evaluation of relevant mobile apps...
2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Hannah Capon, Wayne Hall, Craig Fry, Adrian Carter
BACKGROUND: Smartphone technologies and mHealth applications (or apps) promise unprecedented scope for data collection, treatment intervention, and relapse prevention when used in the field of substance abuse and addiction. This potential also raises new ethical challenges that researchers, clinicians, and software developers must address. AIMS: This paper aims to identify ethical issues in the current uses of smartphones in addiction research and treatment. METHODS: A search of three databases (PubMed, Web of Science and PsycInfo) identified 33 studies involving smartphones or mHealth applications for use in the research and treatment of substance abuse and addiction...
October 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
E P H Choi, J Y H Wong, D Y T Fong
The use of social networking applications (apps) on smartphones has the potential to impact sexual health and behaviour. This was the first systematic review to critically appraise and summarize the existing literature on the use of social networking apps on smartphones and their associated sexual health and sexual behaviour effects in lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender populations. A systematic search was conducted in five databases (CINAHL Plus, PsycINFO, PubMed, SCOPUS and Sociological Abstracts), using controlled terms and keywords...
July 25, 2016: AIDS Care
L O'Rourke, G Humphris, A Baldacchino
Previous reviews have specifically looked at computer-based or Internet-based approaches. However, there has been no systematic review focused upon electronic communication based interventions for hazardous young drinkers. Out of 3298 relevant citations, 13 papers consisting of 11 studies met the inclusion criteria. Effectiveness of intervention delivery was assessed using behavioural outcomes. Eight papers delivered interventions using the Web, three implemented text messaging, one used a mobile phone app and the remaining paper used a social networking site...
September 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Claire Garnett, David Crane, Susan Michie, Robert West, Jamie Brown
BACKGROUND: Excessive alcohol consumption is a leading cause of death and morbidity worldwide and interventions to help people reduce their consumption are needed. Interventions delivered by smartphone apps have the potential to help harmful and hazardous drinkers reduce their consumption of alcohol. However, there has been little evaluation of the effectiveness of existing smartphone interventions. A systematic review, amongst other methodologies, identified promising modular content that could be delivered by an app: self-monitoring and feedback; action planning; normative feedback; cognitive bias re-training; and identity change...
2016: BMC Public Health
Steven S Coughlin, Herpreet Thind, Benyuan Liu, Lt Col Candy Wilson
Efforts to prevent breast cancer and other chronic illnesses have focused on promoting physical activity, healthy diet and nutrition, and avoidance of excessive alcohol consumption. Smartphone applications (apps) offer a low-cost, effective strategy for breast cancer prevention in women through behavioral change. However, there are currently no research-tested smartphone apps for breast cancer prevention that are suitable for women with varying levels of health literacy and eHealth literacy. In this perspective, we consider modifiable risk factors for breast cancer in women in relation to the development of smartphone apps to promote healthy behaviors associated with breast cancer-risk reduction...
June 2016: MHealth
Ju Young Kim, Nathan E Wineinger, Steven R Steinhubl
BACKGROUND: Active engagement in the management of hypertension is important in improving self-management behaviors and clinical outcomes. Mobile phone technology using wireless monitoring tools are now widely available to help individuals monitor their blood pressure, but little is known about the conditions under which such technology can effect positive behavior changes or clinical outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To study the influence of wireless self-monitoring program and patient activation measures on health behaviors, medication adherence, and blood pressure levels as well as control of blood pressure in hypertensive patients...
2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Tim Lobstein, Jane Landon, Nicole Thornton, David Jernigan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The rising use of digital media in the last decade, including social networking media and downloadable apps, has created new opportunities for marketing a wide range of goods and services, including alcohol products. This paper aims to review the evidence in order to answer a series of policy-relevant questions: Does alcohol marketing through digital media influence drinking behaviour or increases consumption? What methods of promotional marketing are used, and to what extent? What is the evidence of marketing code violations and especially of marketing to children? METHOD AND FINDINGS: A search of scientific, medical and social journals and authoritative grey literature identified 47 relevant papers (including 14 grey literature documents)...
June 21, 2016: Addiction
Anne H Berman, Mikael Gajecki, Kristina Sinadinovic, Claes Andersson
Mobile interventions based on text messages, automated telephone programs (interactive voice response (IVR)), and smartphone apps offer a new approach targeting hazardous alcohol use in university students. This review covers seven recent studies involving college or university students that evaluated intervention efficacy in comparison to controls: four using text messages, one using IVR, and two smartphone apps. Only the study evaluating IVR reported positive results for the primary outcome. Two of the text message studies reported positive results on secondary outcomes, while the other two reported no differences in comparison to control groups...
2016: Current Addiction Reports
David Cordova, Francheska Alers-Rojas, Frania Mendoza Lua, Jose Bauermeister, Rachel Nurenberg, Lauretta Ovadje, Kathryn Fessler, Jorge Delva, Christopher P Salas-Wright, Youth Leadership Council
HIV/STI risk behaviors among adolescents remain significant public health concerns. Shifts in policy and advances in technology provide opportunities for researchers and clinicians to deliver and evaluate m(obile)Health prevention programs in primary care, however, research is limited. This study assessed the usability and acceptability of Storytelling 4 Empowerment -a mHealth HIV/STI and drug abuse preventive intervention app- among adolescents in primary care. Informed by principles of community-based participatory research, we recruited a purposive sample of 30 adolescents from a youth-centered community health care clinic in Southeast Michigan...
May 25, 2016: Behavioral Medicine
Joanna Milward, Zarnie Khadjesari, Stephanie Fincham-Campbell, Paolo Deluca, Rod Watson, Colin Drummond
BACKGROUND: Electronic screening and brief intervention (eSBI) is effective in reducing weekly alcohol consumption when delivered by a computer. Mobile phone apps demonstrate promise in delivering eSBI; however, few have been designed with an evidence-based and user-informed approach. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore from a user perspective, preferences for content, appearance, and operational features to inform the design of a mobile phone app for reducing quantity and frequency of drinking in young adults engaged in harmful drinking (18-30 year olds)...
2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Marjan Tabesh, Suzanne Marie Garland, Alexandra Gorelik, Alison Nankervis, Skye Maclean, Emma Teressa Callegari, Shanton Chang, Kayla Heffernan, John Dennis Wark
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency is highly prevalent and associated with increased risk of a number of chronic health conditions including cardiovascular disease, poor bone and muscle health, poor mental health, infection, and diabetes. Vitamin D deficiency affects millions of Australians, potentially causing considerable suffering, economic loss, and mortality. OBJECTIVE: To measure the effectiveness of a (1) mobile-based app (behavioral) and (2) pharmacological intervention to increase circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (serum 25 OHD) levels and health outcomes over 4 months of intervention compared with usual care in a cohort of young women with suboptimal serum 25 OHD levels (25-75 nmol/L)...
2016: JMIR Research Protocols
Giuseppe Carrà, Cristina Crocamo, Francesco Bartoli, Daniele Carretta, Alessandro Schivalocchi, Paul E Bebbington, Massimo Clerici
PURPOSE: Binge drinking (BD) is common among young people. E-Health apps are attractive to them and may be useful for enhancing awareness. We aimed to investigate the impact of a publicly available evidence-based e-Health app (Digital-Alcohol Risk Alertness Notifying Network for Adolescents and Young Adults [D-ARIANNA]), estimating current risk of BD by questions, matching identified risk factors, and providing in percent an overall risk score, accompanied by appropriate images showing mostly contributing factors in summary graphics...
May 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Han-Xun Wei, Dai Lu, Vivien Sun, Jing Zhang, Yongli Gu, Pamela Osenkowski, Wenjuan Ye, Dennis J Selkoe, Michael S Wolfe, Corinne E Augelli-Szafran
One therapeutic approach for Alzheimer's disease is to inhibit the cleavage of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) by γ-secretase. At the beginning of a series of studies from our laboratories, a series of novel γ-amino alcohols (1) were found to possess γ-secretase inhibitory activity and Notch-sparing effects. A new one-pot synthesis of γ-amino alcohols and the structure-activity relationship (SAR) of these analogs will be discussed.
May 1, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Shivani Goyal, Plinio P Morita, Peter Picton, Emily Seto, Ahmad Zbib, Joseph A Cafazzo
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle behavior modification can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, one of the leading causes of death worldwide, by up to 80%. We hypothesized that a dynamic risk assessment and behavior change tool delivered as a mobile app, hosted by a reputable nonprofit organization, would promote uptake among community members. We also predicted that the uptake would be influenced by incentives offered for downloading the mobile app. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of our study was to evaluate the engagement levels of participants using the novel risk management app...
2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
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