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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895513/mobile-phone-cognitive-bias-modification-research-platform-for-substance-use-disorders-protocol-for-a-feasibility-study
#1
Melvyn Zhang, JiangBo Ying, Guo Song, Daniel Ss Fung, Helen Smith
BACKGROUND: Cognitive biases refer to automatic attentional and interpretational tendencies, which could be retained by cognitive bias modification interventions. Cristea et al and Jones et al have published reviews (in 2016 and 2017 respectively) on the effectiveness of such interventions. The advancement of technologies such as electronic health (eHealth) and mobile health (mHealth) has led to them being harnessed for the delivery of cognitive bias modification. To date, at least eight studies have demonstrated the feasibility of mobile technologies for the delivery of cognitive bias modification...
June 12, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781716/determining-typical-smartphone-usage-what-data-do-we-need
#2
Thomas D W Wilcockson, David A Ellis, Heather Shaw
Problematic smartphone use is an emerging issue in behavioral addiction research. At the same time, measuring smartphone use with mobile apps has become increasingly common. However, understanding how much data are necessary requires careful consideration if the field is to move forward. Here, we examine how much time should be spent measuring mobile phone operation to reliably infer general patterns of usage and repetitive checking behaviors. In a second analysis, we consider whether a self-report measure of problematic smartphone use is associated with real-time patterns of use...
May 21, 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713341/use-of-telemedicine-in-addiction-treatment-current-practices-and-organizational-implementation-characteristics
#3
Todd Molfenter, Roger Brown, Andrew O'Neill, Ed Kopetsky, Alexander Toy
Telemedicine applications offer innovative approaches for treating and reducing the effects of substance use disorders (SUDs). This analysis assessed the interest in and use of 11 telemedicine applications in a sample of 363 SUD organizations in the United States of America. Fifty percent of the organizations expressed high rates of interest in seven of the telemedicine applications, demonstrating the appeal of telemedicine within this field. The top three self-reported telemedicine applications being used were (1) computerized screening/assessments (44...
2018: International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545756/e-addictology-an-overview-of-new-technologies-for-assessing-and-intervening-in-addictive-behaviors
#4
REVIEW
Florian Ferreri, Alexis Bourla, Stephane Mouchabac, Laurent Karila
Background: New technologies can profoundly change the way we understand psychiatric pathologies and addictive disorders. New concepts are emerging with the development of more accurate means of collecting live data, computerized questionnaires, and the use of passive data. Digital phenotyping , a paradigmatic example, refers to the use of computerized measurement tools to capture the characteristics of different psychiatric disorders. Similarly, machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence-can improve the classification of patients based on patterns that clinicians have not always considered in the past...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510968/technology-and-social-media-use-among-patients-enrolled-in-outpatient-addiction-treatment-programs-cross-sectional-survey-study
#5
Robert D Ashford, Kevin Lynch, Brenda Curtis
BACKGROUND: Substance use disorder research and practice have not yet taken advantage of emerging changes in communication patterns. While internet and social media use is widespread in the general population, little is known about how these mediums are used in substance use disorder treatment. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this paper were to provide data on patients' with substance use disorders mobile phone ownership rates, usage patterns on multiple digital platforms (social media, internet, computer, and mobile apps), and their interest in the use of these platforms to monitor personal recovery...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487040/feasibility-of-a-mobile-phone-app-to-support-recovery-from-addiction-in-china-secondary-analysis-of-a-pilot-study
#6
Hui Han, Jing Ying Zhang, Yih-Ing Hser, Di Liang, Xu Li, Shan Shan Wang, Jiang Du, Min Zhao
BACKGROUND: Mobile health technologies have been found to improve the self-management of chronic diseases. However, there is limited research regarding their feasibility in supporting recovery from substance use disorders (SUDs) in China. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the feasibility of a mobile phone-based ecological momentary assessment (EMA) app by testing the concordance of drug use assessed by the EMA, urine testing, and a life experience timeline (LET) assessment...
February 27, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382624/implementing-a-mobile-health-system-to-integrate-the-treatment-of-addiction-into-primary-care-a-hybrid-implementation-effectiveness-study
#7
Andrew Quanbeck, David H Gustafson, Lisa A Marsch, Ming-Yuan Chih, Rachel Kornfield, Fiona McTavish, Roberta Johnson, Randall T Brown, Marie-Louise Mares, Dhavan V Shah
BACKGROUND: Despite the near ubiquity of mobile phones, little research has been conducted on the implementation of mobile health (mHealth) apps to treat patients in primary care. Although primary care clinicians routinely treat chronic conditions such as asthma and diabetes, they rarely treat addiction, a common chronic condition. Instead, addiction is most often treated in the US health care system, if it is treated at all, in a separate behavioral health system. mHealth could help integrate addiction treatment in primary care...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339346/user-centered-design-of-learn-to-quit-a-smoking-cessation-smartphone-app-for-people-with-serious-mental-illness
#8
Roger Vilardaga, Javier Rizo, Emily Zeng, Julie A Kientz, Richard Ries, Chad Otis, Kayla Hernandez
BACKGROUND: Smoking rates in the United States have been reduced in the past decades to 15% of the general population. However, up to 88% of people with psychiatric symptoms still smoke, leading to high rates of disease and mortality. Therefore, there is a great need to develop smoking cessation interventions that have adequate levels of usability and can reach this population. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to report the rationale, ideation, design, user research, and final specifications of a novel smoking cessation app for people with serious mental illness (SMI) that will be tested in a feasibility trial...
January 16, 2018: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017482/gender-differences-in-factors-associated-with-smartphone-addiction-a-cross-sectional-study-among-medical-college-students
#9
Baifeng Chen, Fei Liu, Shushu Ding, Xia Ying, Lele Wang, Yufeng Wen
BACKGROUND: Smartphones are becoming increasingly indispensable in everyday life for most undergraduates in China, and this has been associated with problematic use or addiction. The aim of the current study was to investigate the prevalence of smartphone addiction and the associated factors in male and female undergraduates. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2016 and included 1441 undergraduate students at Wannan Medical College, China. The Smartphone Addiction Scale short version (SAS-SV) was used to assess smartphone addiction among the students, using accepted cut-offs...
October 10, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527027/a-systematic-review-of-smartphone-applications-for-smoking-cessation
#10
REVIEW
Brianna L Haskins, Donna Lesperance, Patric Gibbons, Edwin D Boudreaux
Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the USA. However, limited data exists regarding smoking cessation mobile app quality and intervention effectiveness. Innovative and scalable interventions are needed to further alleviate the public health implications of tobacco addiction. The proliferation of the smartphone and the advent of mobile phone health interventions have made treatment more accessible than ever. The purpose of this review was to examine the relation between published scientific literature and available commercial smartphone health apps for smoking cessation to identify the percentage of scientifically supported apps that were commercially available to consumers and to determine how many of the top commercially available apps for smoking cessation were supported by the published scientific literature...
June 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526662/attachment-style-and-internet-addiction-an-online-survey
#11
Christiane Eichenberg, Markus Schott, Oliver Decker, Brigitte Sindelar
BACKGROUND: One of the clinically relevant problems of Internet use is the phenomenon of Internet addiction. Considering the fact that there is ample evidence for the relationship between attachment style and substance abuse, it stands to reason that attachment theory can also make an important contribution to the understanding of the pathogenesis of Internet addiction. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine people's tendency toward pathological Internet usage in relation to their attachment style...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283465/design-considerations-for-mhealth-programs-targeting-smokers-not-yet-ready-to-quit-results-of-a-sequential-mixed-methods-study
#12
Jennifer B McClure, Jaimee Heffner, Sarah Hohl, Predrag Klasnja, Sheryl L Catz
BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth) smoking cessation programs are typically designed for smokers who are ready to quit smoking. In contrast, most smokers want to quit someday but are not yet ready to quit. If mHealth apps were designed for these smokers, they could potentially encourage and assist more people to quit smoking. No prior studies have specifically examined the design considerations of mHealth apps targeting smokers who are not yet ready to quit. OBJECTIVE: To inform the user-centered design of mHealth apps for smokers who were not yet ready to quit by assessing (1) whether these smokers were interested in using mHealth tools to change their smoking behavior; (2) their preferred features, functionality, and content of mHealth programs addressing smoking; and (3) considerations for marketing or distributing these programs to promote their uptake...
March 10, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258047/mobile-phone-apps-for-smoking-cessation-quality-and-usability-among-smokers-with-psychosis
#13
Joelle C Ferron, Mary F Brunette, Pamela Geiger, Lisa A Marsch, Anna M Adachi-Mejia, Stephen J Bartels
BACKGROUND: Smoking is one of the top preventable causes of mortality in people with psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia. Cessation treatment improves abstinence outcomes, but access is a barrier. Mobile phone apps are one way to increase access to cessation treatment; however, whether they are usable by people with psychotic disorders, who often have special learning needs, is not known. OBJECTIVE: Researchers reviewed 100 randomly selected apps for smoking cessation to rate them based on US guidelines for nicotine addiction treatment and to categorize them based on app functions...
March 3, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195570/to-use-or-not-to-use-compulsive-behavior-and-its-role-in-smartphone-addiction
#14
Y-H Lin, Y-C Lin, S-H Lin, Y-H Lee, P-H Lin, C-L Chiang, L-R Chang, C C H Yang, T B J Kuo
Global smartphone penetration has led to unprecedented addictive behaviors. To develop a smartphone use/non-use pattern by mobile application (App) in order to identify problematic smartphone use, a total of 79 college students were monitored by the App for 1 month. The App-generated parameters included the daily use/non-use frequency, the total duration and the daily median of the duration per epoch. We introduced two other parameters, the root mean square of the successive differences (RMSSD) and the Similarity Index, in order to explore the similarity in use and non-use between participants...
February 14, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146615/incorporation-of-mobile-application-app-measures-into-the-diagnosis-of-smartphone-addiction
#15
Yu-Hsuan Lin, Po-Hsien Lin, Chih-Lin Chiang, Yang-Han Lee, Cheryl C H Yang, Terry B J Kuo, Sheng-Hsuan Lin
OBJECTIVE: Global smartphone expansion has brought about unprecedented addictive behaviors. The current diagnosis of smartphone addiction is based solely on information from clinical interview. This study aimed to incorporate application (app)-recorded data into psychiatric criteria for the diagnosis of smartphone addiction and to examine the predictive ability of the app-recorded data for the diagnosis of smartphone addiction. METHODS: Smartphone use data of 79 college students were recorded by a newly developed app for 1 month between December 1, 2013, and May 31, 2014...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766532/ehealth-intervention-for-problematic-internet-use-piu
#16
REVIEW
Lawrence T Lam, Mary K Lam
Excessive use of the Internet is considered a problematic behaviour by clinicians and researchers. Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) has been advocated for a long time as a treatment approach and has been extended to include family therapy in the recent years. As eTherapy (eHealth) has become an important component in the treatment of many mental health problems, it is prudent to explore the current status of the eHealth approach as an intervention option for this problem. This systematic review aims to examine the current development of online intervention programmes for this particular condition...
December 2016: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703435/ecological-momentary-assessment-and-smartphone-application-intervention-in-adolescents-with-substance-use-and-comorbid-severe-psychiatric-disorders-study-protocol
#17
Xavier Benarous, Yves Edel, Angèle Consoli, Julie Brunelle, Jean-François Etter, David Cohen, Yasser Khazaal
CONTEXT: Substance use disorders (SUDs) are highly prevalent among inpatient adolescents with psychiatric disorders. In this population, substance use and other psychiatric outcomes can reinforce one another. Despite the need for integrated interventions in youths with dual diagnoses, few specific instruments are available. App-based technologies have shown promising results to help reduce substance use in adolescents, but their applicability in youths with associated severe psychiatric disorders is poorly documented...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687632/implementing-an-mhealth-system-for-substance-use-disorders-in-primary-care-a-mixed-methods-study-of-clinicians-initial-expectations-and-first-year-experiences
#18
Marie-Louise Mares, David H Gustafson, Joseph E Glass, Andrew Quanbeck, Helene McDowell, Fiona McTavish, Amy K Atwood, Lisa A Marsch, Chantelle Thomas, Dhavan Shah, Randall Brown, Andrew Isham, Mary Jane Nealon, Victoria Ward
BACKGROUND: Millions of Americans need but don't receive treatment for substance use, and evidence suggests that addiction-focused interventions on smart phones could support their recovery. There is little research on implementation of addiction-related interventions in primary care, particularly in Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) that provide primary care to underserved populations. We used mixed methods to examine three FQHCs' implementation of Seva, a smart-phone app that offers patients online support/discussion, health-tracking, and tools for coping with cravings, and offers clinicians information about patients' health tracking and relapses...
September 29, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598779/quality-of-smartphone-apps-related-to-alcohol-use-disorder
#19
Louise Penzenstadler, Anne Chatton, Mathias Van Singer, Yasser Khazaal
BACKGROUND: Apps for smartphones are opening an important range of opportunities for improving the care of people with alcohol use disorders (AUDs). AIMS: This study aimed to evaluate the quality of English language apps for AUDs and to compare paid and free apps. The keywords 'alcohol', 'alcohol addiction', 'alcohol help' and 'stop drinking' were entered into the iTunes Store search engine. Apps were evaluated using a standardized assessment designed to rate the quality of apps in terms of accountability, interactivity, self-help score and evidence-based content...
2016: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455467/realising-the-technological-promise-of-smartphones-in-addiction-research-and-treatment-an-ethical-review
#20
REVIEW
Hannah Capon, Wayne Hall, Craig Fry, Adrian Carter
BACKGROUND: Smartphone technologies and mHealth applications (or apps) promise unprecedented scope for data collection, treatment intervention, and relapse prevention when used in the field of substance abuse and addiction. This potential also raises new ethical challenges that researchers, clinicians, and software developers must address. AIMS: This paper aims to identify ethical issues in the current uses of smartphones in addiction research and treatment. METHODS: A search of three databases (PubMed, Web of Science and PsycInfo) identified 33 studies involving smartphones or mHealth applications for use in the research and treatment of substance abuse and addiction...
October 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
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