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Resilience

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351068/what-attitudes-and-values-are-incorporated-into-self-as-part-of-professional-identity-construction-when-becoming-a-surgeon
#1
Alexandra Cope, Jeff Bezemer, Stella Mavroveli, Roger Kneebone
PURPOSE: To make explicit the attitudes and values of a community of surgeons, with the aim of understanding professional identity construction within a specific group of residents. METHOD: Using a grounded theory method, the authors collected data from 16 postgraduate surgeons through interviews. They complemented these initial interview data with ethnographic observations and additional descriptive interviews to explore the attitudes and values learned by surgeons during residency training (2010-2013)...
April 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346759/commentary-what-s-in-a-word-or-words-on-the-relations-among-self-regulation-self-control-executive-functioning-effortful-control-cognitive-control-impulsivity-risk-taking-and-inhibition-for-developmental-psychopathology-reflections-on-nigg-2017
#2
Nancy Eisenberg
In Nigg's excellent article, he deals with a variety of complex conceptual issues related to the constructs of self-regulation and executive functioning (EF). Overall, I agree that the terminology proposed by Nigg should be adopted; moreover, the conceptual distinctions he provides should help the field to move forward with regard to the understanding of varied constructs related to self-regulation. In the spirit of further clarification, I questioned Nigg's suggestions that (a) working memory should be considered as part of the construct of top-down regulation and (b) planning is a higher level component of EF but not part of effortful control...
April 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346612/inner-strength-osteopathic-medical-students-reflect-on-resiliency
#3
Karen J Nichols
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345749/the-use-of-social-media-for-campus-safety
#4
Brittany Haupt, Naim Kapucu, Jeffrey Morgan
As public safety communication evolved, each disaster or emergency presented unique challenges for emergency managers and others response to disasters. Yet, a foundational focus is the timely dissemination of accurate information to keep communities informed and able to prepare, mitigate, respond, and recover. For the campus community, the increase in bomb threats, active shooter incidents, and geographic-based natural disasters call for the discovery of reliable and cost-effective solutions for emergency information management...
January 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345748/risk-perception-and-perceived-self-efficacy-of-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-seniors-and-young-adults-in-emergencies
#5
Alina Engelman, Susan L Ivey, Winston Tseng, Linda Neuhauser
OBJECTIVES: The authors explored the factors influencing risk perception and perceived self-efficacy before and during an emergency for deaf and hard-of-hearing (Deaf/HH) seniors and young adults. METHODS: The authors collected demographic survey data and conducted four focus groups with 38 Deaf/HH residents of the San Francisco Bay Area; two groups were with young adults (ages 18-35), including one group of college students and one group of young professionals, and two were with older adults (ages 50-90)...
January 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345593/microstructural-tissue-engineering-in-the-rachis-and-barbs-of-bird-feathers
#6
Theagarten Lingham-Soliar
Feathers do not have to be especially strong but they do need to be stiff and at the same time resilient and to have a high work of fracture. Syncitial barbule fibres are the highest size-class of continuous filaments in the cortex of the rachis of the feather. However, the rachis can be treated as a generalized cone of rapidly diminishing volume. This means that hundreds of syncitial barbule fibres of the rachis may have to be terminated before reaching the tip - creating potentially thousands of inherently fatal crack-like defects...
March 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344673/is-rumination-a-risk-and-a-protective-factor
#7
Kaitlin A Harding, Amy Mezulis
High trait positive affect (PA) protects against depressive symptoms through cognitive responses such as rumination. However, how rumination in response to positive emotions (positive rumination) protects against depressive symptoms while rumination in response to negative emotions (brooding) predicts depressive symptoms is poorly understood. We hypothesized that (a) positive rumination and brooding represent a shared cognitive process of affect amplification on distinct affective content and (b) less brooding and greater positive rumination would distinctly mediate greater trait PA in predicting fewer depressive symptoms...
March 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344563/a-review-of-demographic-medical-and-treatment-variables-associated-with-health-related-quality-of-life-hrqol-in-survivors-of-hematopoietic-stem-cell-hsct-and-bone-marrow-transplantation-bmt-during-childhood
#8
REVIEW
Trude Reinfjell, Marta Tremolada, Lonnie K Zeltzer
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a standard treatment after disease relapse and failure of conventional treatments for cancer in childhood or as a first line treatment for some high-risk cancers. Since hematopoietic stem cells can be found in the marrow (previously called a bone marrow transplantation) or periphery, we refer to HSCT as inclusive of HSCT regardless of the origin of the stem cells. HSCT is associated with adverse side effects, prolonged hospitalization, and isolation. Previous studies have shown that survivors of HSCT are at particularly high risk for developing late effects and medical complications, and thus, in addition to survival, quality of life in survivors of HSCT is an important outcome...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344553/youthful-processing-speed-in-older-adults-genetic-biological-and-behavioral-predictors-of-cognitive-processing-speed-trajectories-in-aging
#9
Nicholas T Bott, Brianne M Bettcher, Jennifer S Yokoyama, Darvis T Frazier, Matthew Wynn, Anna Karydas, Kristine Yaffe, Joel H Kramer
Objective: To examine the impact of genetic, inflammatory, cardiovascular, lifestyle, and neuroanatomical factors on cognitive processing speed (CPS) change over time in functionally intact older adults. Methods: This observational study conducted over two time points, included 120 community dwelling cognitively normal older adults between the ages of 60 and 80 from the University of California San Francisco Memory and Aging Center. Participants were followed with composite measures of CPS, calculated based on norms for 20-30 year-olds...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344044/impairments-of-motor-function-among-children-with-a-familial-risk-of-schizophrenia-or-bipolar-disorder-at-7-years-old-in-denmark-an-observational-cohort-study
#10
Birgitte Klee Burton, Anne A E Thorup, Jens Richardt Jepsen, Gry Poulsen, Ditte Ellersgaard, Katrine S Spang, Camilla Jerlang Christiani, Nicoline Hemager, Ditte Gantriis, Aja Greve, Ole Mors, Merete Nordentoft, Kerstin Jessica Plessen
BACKGROUND: Owing to the genetic overlap between schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, we aimed to assess domain-specific motor aberrations and disorder specificity among 7-year-old children with a familial risk of schizophrenia or bipolar disorder by comparing children in familial risk groups with each other and with children not in these risk groups. METHODS: In the Danish High Risk and Resilience Study, we established a cohort of 7-year-old children with no, one, or two parents with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder in Denmark between Jan 1, 2013, and Jan 31, 2016...
March 23, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343403/meaning-in-life-resilience-and-psychological-well-being-among-children-affected-by-parental-hiv
#11
Hongfei Du, Xiaoming Li, Peilian Chi, Junfeng Zhao, Guoxiang Zhao
Meaning in life has been posited to improve psychological well-being. People facing adversities can reduce psychological distress through pursuing a sense of purpose in life. However, the effectiveness of meaning in life in promoting psychological well-being has been found varied, and what factors may affect the function of meaning in life remain unclear. In this paper, the authors suggest that resilience, the positive adaptation during or following significant adversity, can strengthen the protective effects of meaning in life on psychological well-being...
March 26, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343360/tsunami-run-up-and-inundation-along-the-coast-of-sabah-and-sarawak-malaysia-due-to-a-potential-brunei-submarine-mass-failure
#12
Wai Kiat Tan, Su Yean Teh, Hock Lye Koh
Submarine landslides, also known as submarine mass failures (SMFs), are major natural marine disasters that could critically damage coastal facilities such as nuclear power plants and oil and gas platforms. It is therefore essential to investigate submarine landslides for potential tsunami hazard assessment. Three-dimensional seismic data from offshore Brunei have revealed a giant seabed mass deposited by a previous SMF. The submarine mass extends over 120 km from the continental slope of the Baram Canyon at 200 m water depth to the deep basin floor of the Northwest Borneo Trough...
March 25, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343116/health-and-weight-gender-specific-linkages-under-heterogeneity-interdependence-and-resilience-factors
#13
Olaf Hübler
Many studies have shown that obesity is a serious health problem for our society. Empirical analyses often neglect a number of methodological issues and relevant influences on health. This paper investigates empirically whether neglecting these items leads to systematically different estimates. Based on data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, this study derives the following results. (1) Many combinations of weight and height lead to the same health status. (2) The relationship between health and body mass index is nonlinear...
March 11, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341064/a-qualitative-study-to-examine-older-adults-perceptions-of-health-keys-to-aging-successfully
#14
Rifky Tkatch, Shirley Musich, Stephanie MacLeod, Sandra Kraemer, Kevin Hawkins, Ellen R Wicker, Douglas G Armstrong
Older adult health is often defined in clinical terms. Research has demonstrated that many older adults self-report aging successfully regardless of clinical health status. This qualitative study used claims data to identify older adults on three levels of health status: healthy and active, managing diseases, or very sick, to better understand how health is defined and maintained. In total, 32 participants from two cities were interviewed. Interviews were audio- and video-recorded and then transcribed. Thematic analysis identified five themes: disconnectedness between objective and subjective health; health defined to include psychological and social components; resilience and coping mechanisms indicative of successful aging; social support systems integral to health; and the goal of maintaining functioning...
March 22, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340597/temporal-dynamics-of-the-gut-microbiota-in-people-sharing-a-confined-environment-a-520-day-ground-based-space-simulation-mars500
#15
Silvia Turroni, Simone Rampelli, Elena Biagi, Clarissa Consolandi, Marco Severgnini, Clelia Peano, Sara Quercia, Matteo Soverini, Franck G Carbonero, Giovanna Bianconi, Petra Rettberg, Francesco Canganella, Patrizia Brigidi, Marco Candela
BACKGROUND: The intestinal microbial communities and their temporal dynamics are gaining increasing interest due to the significant implications for human health. Recent studies have shown the dynamic behavior of the gut microbiota in free-living, healthy persons. To date, it is not known whether these dynamics are applicable during prolonged life sharing in a confined and controlled environment. RESULTS: The MARS500 project, the longest ground-based space simulation ever, provided us with a unique opportunity to trace the crew microbiota over 520 days of isolated confinement, such as that faced by astronauts in real long-term interplanetary space flights, and after returning to regular life, for a total of 2 years...
March 24, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340045/age-related-patterns-in-cancer-pain-and-its-psychosocial-impact-investigating-the-role-of-variability-in-physical-and-mental-health-quality-of-life
#16
Lynn R Gauthier, Robert H Dworkin, David Warr, Rebecca Pillai Riddell, Alison K Macpherson, Gary Rodin, Camilla Zimmermann, S Lawrence Librach, Malcolm Moore, Frances A Shepherd, Lucia Gagliese
Objective. : Age-related patterns in cancer pain remain equivocal. Most studies ignore heterogeneity across multiple domains of well-being, and the potential role of physical (PH) and mental health (MH) quality of life (QOL) in these age-related patterns is unknown. We investigated the relationships between age and cancer pain intensity, qualities, and interference, and physical and psychosocial adaptation and the interaction between age and PH and MH QOL on pain and adaptation to cancer pain...
March 3, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338970/woody-plant-ecosystems-under-climate-change-and-air-pollution-response-consistencies-across-zonobiomes
#17
R Matyssek, A R Kozovits, G Wieser, J King, H Rennenberg
Forests store the largest terrestrial pools of carbon (C), helping to stabilize the global climate system, yet are threatened by climate change (CC) and associated air pollution (AP, highlighting ozone (O3) and nitrogen oxides (NOx)). We adopt the perspective that CC-AP drivers and physiological impacts are universal, resulting in consistent stress responses of forest ecosystems across zonobiomes. Evidence supporting this viewpoint is presented from the literature on ecosystem gross/net primary productivity and water cycling...
March 14, 2017: Tree Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338822/gene-expression-atlas-of-pigeonpea-and-its-application-to-gain-insights-into-genes-associated-with-pollen-fertility-implicated-in-seed-formation
#18
Lekha T Pazhamala, Shilp Purohit, Rachit K Saxena, Vanika Garg, L Krishnamurthy, Jerome Verdier, Rajeev K Varshney
Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) is an important grain legume of the semi-arid tropics, mainly used for its protein rich seeds. To link the genome sequence information with agronomic traits resulting from specific developmental processes, a Cajanus cajan gene expression atlas (CcGEA) was developed using the Asha genotype. Thirty tissues/organs representing developmental stages from germination to senescence were used to generate 590.84 million paired-end RNA-Seq data. The CcGEA revealed a compendium of 28 793 genes with differential, specific, spatio-temporal and constitutive expression during various stages of development in different tissues...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337928/suicide-risk-assessment-in-adolescents-c-ssrs-k10-and-read
#19
Ida Skytte Jakobsen, Kim Juul Larsen, John L Horwood
BACKGROUND: Assessment and screening are often the first step in planning interventions to help adolescents at risk of suicide. Causes of suicidal thoughts and behavior are multifaceted and it is important for clinical work that assessment reflects this complexity. AIMS: To investigate whether a general psychological Resilience Scale for Adolescents (READ) is associated with a validated suicide rating scale (C-SSRS). METHOD: An observational study of self-reported suicidality (C-SSRS), psychological distress (K10), and resiliency (READ) in three adolescent samples: suicide clinic (N = 147); general psychiatric clinic (N = 85); and a nonclinical sample (N = 92)...
March 24, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337577/native-american-vietnam-era-veterans-access-to-va-healthcare-vulnerability-and-resilience-in-two-montana-reservation-communities
#20
Carol J Ward, Michael R Cope, Lindsey Elmont
As a growing segment of the military, Native Americans are expected to increase enrollment in Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare. Currently, 20% of Native American veterans are aged 65-74, which means they served during the Vietnam era. This study explores the experiences of rural American Indian veterans from two Montana reservations with accessing VA health services. Utilizing detailed data obtained in focus group and individual interviews, we examine the experiences, attitudes, barriers and needs of rural Vietnam-era veterans...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Community Health
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