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Resilience

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445546/a-coral-algal-phase-shift-in-mesoamerica-not-driven-by-changes-in-herbivorous-fish-abundance
#1
Jesús Ernesto Arias-González, Tak Fung, Robert M Seymour, Joaquín Rodrigo Garza-Pérez, Gilberto Acosta-González, Yves-Marie Bozec, Craig R Johnson
Coral-algal phase shifts in which coral cover declines to low levels and is replaced by algae have often been documented on coral reefs worldwide. This has motivated coral reef management responses that include restriction and regulation of fishing, e.g. herbivorous fish species. However, there is evidence that eutrophication and sedimentation can be at least as important as a reduction in herbivory in causing phase shifts. These threats arise from coastal development leading to increased nutrient and sediment loads, which stimulate algal growth and negatively impact corals respectively...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444470/sexual-orientation-differences-in-health-and-wellbeing-among-women-living-with-hiv-in-canada-findings-from-a-national-cohort-study
#2
Carmen H Logie, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Ying Wang, Angela Kaida, Alexandra de Pokomandy, Kath Webster, Tracey Conway, Mona Loutfy
Sexual orientation differences in health and wellbeing among women living with HIV (WLH) are underexplored. Limited research available, however, suggests that sexual minority WLH may experience barriers to HIV care. Cross-sectional baseline data was analyzed from a Canadian cohort study with WLH (sexual minority women [SMW]: n = 180; heterosexual women: n = 1240). SMW (median age 38 years, IQR 13) included bisexual (58.9%), lesbian (17.8%) and other sexualities (23.3%). In multivariable analyses adjusting for age, poverty, education, and ethnicity, SMW identity was associated with increased odds of: clinical (80% vs...
April 25, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443544/a-psychiatrist-s-search-for-resilience
#3
Ann Jurecic, Daniel Marchalik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 22, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443533/childhood-adversity-adult-stress-and-the-risk-of-major-depression-or-generalized-anxiety-disorder-in-us-soldiers-a-test-of-the-stress-sensitization-hypothesis
#4
G Bandoli, L Campbell-Sills, R C Kessler, S G Heeringa, M K Nock, A J Rosellini, N A Sampson, M Schoenbaum, R J Ursano, M B Stein
BACKGROUND: The stress sensitization theory hypothesizes that individuals exposed to childhood adversity will be more vulnerable to mental disorders from proximal stressors. We aimed to test this theory with respect to risk of 30-day major depressive episode (MDE) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) among new US Army soldiers. METHODS: The sample consisted of 30 436 new soldier recruits in the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience (Army STARRS). Generalized linear models were constructed, and additive interactions between childhood maltreatment profiles and level of 12-month stressful experiences on the risk of 30-day MDE and GAD were analyzed...
April 26, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442867/a-symbol-of-resilience-the-prayerful-hands-of-mary-queen-and-mother
#5
Michael P Gaspar, Jonathan P Gaspar, Patrick S Gaspar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Hand and Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441467/distribution-of-mammal-functional-diversity-in-the-neotropical-realm-influence-of-land-use-and-extinction-risk
#6
José F González-Maya, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Rodrigo Medellín, Gerardo Ceballos
Functional diversity represents a measure of diversity that incorporates the role of species in an ecosystem, and therefore its dynamics and resilience. Assessing its drivers and spatial variation represents an important step forward in our understanding of functional ecosystem dynamics and it is also necessary to achieve a comprehensive conservation planning. In this paper, we assessed mammal functional diversity for the 218 ecoregions within the Neotropical realm. We evaluated the overall influence and spatial variation of species richness, ecoregion extent, intervention and species at risk on functional diversity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439447/the-development-of-a-veterans-health-administration-emergency-management-research-agenda
#7
Aram Dobalian, Maria Claver, Deborah Riopelle, Tamar Wyte-Lake, Ismelda Canelo
INTRODUCTION: The Veterans Health Administration (VHA), the largest integrated healthcare delivery system in the United States, is charged with ensuring timely access to high-quality care for veterans during disasters, and supporting national, state, local, and tribal emergency management and homeland security efforts. In 2008, the VHA Office of Public Health (OPH) sponsored the first VHA Emergency Management Research Agenda-setting conference to develop research priorities that address the needs of veterans and to position VHA as a national leader in emergency management by having VHA serve as a "laboratory" for the development of evidence-based emergency management practices...
March 23, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439149/refinement-and-preliminary-testing-of-an-imagery-based-program-to-improve-coping-and-performance-and-prevent-trauma-among-urban-police-officers
#8
Eamonn Arble, Mark A Lumley, Nnamdi Pole, James Blessman, Bengt B Arnetz
Police officers are regularly exposed to traumatic critical incidents. The substantial mental, behavioral, and social costs of police trauma indicate a substantial need for prevention. We have refined and enhanced a previously tested Swedish program to the harsh conditions of U.S. inner cities. The program was designed to strengthen resilience during stressful encounters and teach methods of coping after exposure, thereby preventing the emergence of maladaptive symptoms and behaviors with adverse effects on professionalism...
March 2017: J Police Crim Psychol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439134/pharmacy-dashboard-an-innovative-process-for-pharmacy-workload-and-productivity
#9
Ashley Kinney, Quyen Bui, Jane Hodding, Jennifer Le
Background: Innovative approaches, including LEAN systems and dashboards, to enhance pharmacy production continue to evolve in a cost and safety conscious health care environment. Furthermore, implementing and evaluating the effectiveness of these novel methods continues to be challenging for pharmacies. Objective: To describe a comprehensive, real-time pharmacy dashboard that incorporated LEAN methodologies and evaluate its utilization in an inpatient Central Intravenous Additives Services (CIVAS) pharmacy...
March 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439036/reclassification-of-the-specialized-metabolite-producer-pseudomonas-mesoacidophila-atcc-31433-as-a-member-of-the-burkholderia-cepacia-complex
#10
E Joel Loveridge, Cerith Jones, Matthew J Bull, Suzy C Moody, Małgorzata W Kahl, Zainab Khan, Louis Neilson, Marina Tomeva, Sarah E Adams, Andrew C Wood, Daniel Rodriguez-Martin, Ingrid Pinel, Julian Parkhill, Eshwar Mahenthiralingam, John Crosby
Pseudomonas mesoacidophila ATCC 31433 is a Gram-negative bacterium, first isolated from Japanese soil samples, which produces the monobactam isosulfazecin and the β-lactam potentiating bulgecins. To characterize the biosynthetic potential of P. mesoacidophila ATCC 31433 its complete genome was determined using single molecule real time DNA sequence analysis. The 7.8 Mb genome comprised four replicons: three chromosomal, each encoding ribosomal RNA, and one plasmid. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that P...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438467/the-role-of-impulsivity-in-psychostimulant-and-stress-induced-dopamine-release-review-of-human-imaging-studies
#11
REVIEW
Wendy M Bosker, Irene Neuner, N Jon Shah
Drug addiction is a debilitating disorder and its pivotal problem is the high relapse rate. To solve this problem, the aim is to prevent people from becoming addicted in the first place. One of the key questions that is still unanswered is why some people become addicted to drugs and others, who take drugs regularly, do not. In recent years extensive research has been done to untangle the many factors involved in this disorder. Here, we review some of the factors that are related to dopamine, i.e., impulsivity and stress (hormones), and aim to integrate this into a neurobiological model...
April 21, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437750/becoming-comfortable-with-my-epilepsy-strategies-that-patients-use-in-the-journey-from-diagnosis-to-acceptance-and-disclosure
#12
Sinead Pembroke, Agnes Higgins, Niall Pender, Naomi Elliott
OBJECTIVE: Proponents of resilience theory have highlighted the importance of understanding the processes of resilience. The objective of the study was to explore how people with epilepsy reach a stage of being comfortable with their epilepsy. Identifying the processes used is important to developing effective self-management for people who are newly diagnosed with epilepsy. METHOD: A grounded theory approach involving forty-nine consenting adult people with epilepsy (18 years and over), was used to explore their first-hand experiences of coming to terms with their epilepsy...
April 19, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437083/dual-plug-and-display-synthetic-assembly-using-orthogonal-reactive-proteins-for-twin-antigen-immunization
#13
Karl Brune, Can Buldun, Yuanyuan Li, Iona Taylor, Florian Brod, Sumi Biswas, Mark Howarth
Engineering modular platforms to control biomolecular architecture can advance both the understanding and manipulation of biological systems. Icosahedral particles uniformly displaying single antigens stimulate potent immune activation and have been successful in various licensed vaccines. However, it remains challenging to display multiple antigens on a single particle, to induce broader immunity protective across strains or even against distinct diseases. Here we design a dually-addressable synthetic nanoparticle, by engineering the multimerizing coiled-coil IMX313 and two orthogonally-reactive split proteins...
April 24, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436927/looking-at-the-positive-side-of-moral-distress-why-it-s-a-problem
#14
Elizabeth G Epstein, Ashley R Hurst
Moral distress, is, at its core, an organizational problem. It is experienced on a personal level, but its causes originate within the system itself. In this commentary, we argue that moral distress is not inherently good, that effective interventions must address the external sources of moral distress, and that while there is a place for resilience in the healthcare professions, it cannot be an effective antidote to moral distress.
2017: Journal of Clinical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436925/focus-more-on-causes-and-less-on-symptoms-of-moral-distress
#15
Tessy A Thomas, Laurence B McCullough
In this commentary on Carse and Rushton's call for reorientation of moral distress, we state agreement with the authors that the discourse of moral distress should refocus on the moral components of integrity. We then explain how our philosophical taxonomy of moral distress, mentioned by the authors, appeals to moral integrity. In this process, we clarify our taxonomy's appeal to Aristotle's concept of akrasia. We conclude by offering support of Carse and Rushton's challenge to organizations to strengthen moral integrity by fostering resilience...
2017: Journal of Clinical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436924/harnessing-the-promise-of-moral-distress-a-call-for-re-orientation
#16
Alisa Carse, Cynda Hylton Rushton
Despite over three decades of research into the sources and costs of what has become an "epidemic" of moral distress among healthcare professionals, spanning many clinical disciplines and roles, there has been little significant progress in effectively addressing moral distress. We believe the persistent sense of frustration, helplessness, and despair still dominating the clinical moral distress narrative signals a need for re-orientation in the way moral distress is understood and worked with. Most fundamentally, moral distress reveals moral investment and energy...
2017: Journal of Clinical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436446/opioid-self-administration-is-attenuated-by-early-life-experience-and-gene-therapy-for-anti-inflammatory-il-10-in-the-nucleus-accumbens-of-male-rats
#17
Michael J Lacagnina, Ashley M Kopec, Stewart S Cox, Richa Hanamsagar, Corinne Wells, Susan Slade, Peter M Grace, Linda R Watkins, Edward D Levin, Staci D Bilbo
Early-life conditions can contribute to the propensity for developing neuropsychiatric disease, including substance abuse disorders. However, the long-lasting mechanisms that shape risk or resilience for drug addiction remain unclear. Previous work has shown that a neonatal handling procedure in rats (which promotes enriched maternal care) attenuates morphine conditioning, reduces morphine-induced glial activation, and increases microglial expression of the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-10 (IL-10)...
April 24, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434654/compulsive-addiction-like-aggressive-behavior-in-mice
#18
Sam A Golden, Conor Heins, Marco Venniro, Daniele Caprioli, Michelle Zhang, David H Epstein, Yavin Shaham
BACKGROUND: Some people are highly motivated to seek aggressive encounters, and among those who have been incarcerated for such behavior, recidivism rates are high. These observations echo two core features of drug addiction: high motivation to seek addictive substances, despite adverse consequences, and high relapse rates. Here we used established rodent models of drug addiction to determine whether they would be sensitive to "addiction-like" features of aggression in CD-1 mice. METHODS: In experiments 1 and 2, we trained older CD-1 mice to lever press for opportunities to attack younger C57BL6/J mice...
March 17, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434608/a-concept-analysis-of-moral-resilience
#19
Peter D Young, Cynda Hylton Rushton
BACKGROUND: Nurses experience moral distress, which has led to emotional distress, frustration, anger, and nurse attrition. Overcoming moral distress has become a significant focus in nursing research. PURPOSE: The continued focus on moral distress has not produced sustainable solutions within the nursing profession. Since positive language may alter the outcomes of morally distressing situations, we look to better understand one such positive phrase, moral resilience...
March 16, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434173/the-effect-of-resilience-on-task-persistence-and-performance-during-repeated-exposure-to-heat-pain
#20
P Maxwell Slepian, Christopher R France
The Pain Resilience Scale was recently developed to assess dimensions of resilience critical to pain-related adaptation and was found to predict experimental pain sensitivity in a pain-free population. Pain resilience has also been theoretically linked to behavioral persistence despite pain. To date, however, this hypothesis has not been experimentally tested. To address this gap in the literature, in the current study 105 healthy young adults underwent a baseline administration of the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT), a stressful mental arithmetic task, delivered with somatosensory distraction (i...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
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