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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944749/keeping-communications-flowing-during-large-scale-disasters-leveraging-amateur-radio-innovations-for-disaster-medicine
#1
Victor H Cid, Andrew R Mitz, Stacey J Arnesen
Medical facilities may struggle to maintain effective communications during a major disaster. Natural and man-made disasters threaten connectivity by degrading or crippling Internet, cellular/mobile, and landline telephone services across wide areas. Communications among staff, between facilities, and to resources outside the disaster area may be lost for an extended time. A prototype communications system created by the National Library of Medicine (NLM) provides basic communication services that ensure essential connectivity in the face of widespread infrastructure loss...
September 25, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944224/the-relationship-between-parental-rearing-behavior-resilience-and-depressive-symptoms-in-adolescents-with-congenital-heart-disease
#2
Ju Ryoung Moon, Jinyoung Song, June Huh, I-Seok Kang, Seung Woo Park, Sung-A Chang, Ji-Hyuk Yang, Tae-Gook Jun
OBJECTIVES: Parental rearing behavior is one factor that influences the strength of resilience. In turn, resilience influences depression. However, it is unclear whether resilience has a mediating effect on the relationship between parental rearing and depression in adolescents with congenital heart disease (CHD). Therefore, the associations between parental rearing behavior and resilience and between rearing behavior and symptoms of depression were investigated with respect to age, gender and disease severity...
2017: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944111/how-resiliency-affects-quality-of-life-twenty-two-years-post-cardiac-transplant-a-case-report
#3
Joslyn Vo, Davin Agustines
Heart transplantation has been shown to prolong survival significantly for people who have advanced heart disease. Even with improved prognosis, heart transplant recipients experience a lower overall quality of life compared to their healthy counterparts, which is correlated with high rates of depression and other psychiatric disorders. Our case report examines factors affecting the quality of life over a long period of time in a patient who received a heart transplant 22 years ago. This case is unusual because the patient overcame depression with just a minimal dosage of antidepressants due to her unwavering hope, resilience, and strong social support...
July 14, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944055/understanding-the-links-between-resilience-and-type-2-diabetes-self-management-a-qualitative-study-in-south-australia
#4
A L Wilson, D McNaughton, S B Meyer, P R Ward
BACKGROUND: Research conducted by Ward, Muller, Tsourtos, et al. (Soc Sci Med 72(7):1140-1148, 2011) has led to the development of the psycho-social interactive model of resilience, which reveals the interaction between individual resilience factors (i.e. coping, confidence and self esteem) and external resilience environments (i.e. employment, supportive family environments and health promoting policies) in facilitating the development of resilience. This present study explored the utility of this model of resilience for understanding how people self-manage type-2 diabetes...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943814/helping-children-cope-with-medical-tests-and-interventions
#5
Elvira V Lang, Jacqueline Viegas, Chris Bleeker, Jörgen Bruhn, Geffen Geert-Jan van
Medical procedures and tests become a challenge when anxiety and pain make it difficult for the patient to cooperate or remain still when needed. Fortunately a short intervention with hypnoidal language at the onset of a procedure induces a positive and sustained change in the way pain and anxiety are processed. While anesthesia may appear to be a simple solution to eliminate pain, the adverse effects of pre-anesthesia anxiety on postoperative behavior and recovery are often not fully appreciated. This paper discusses options for self-hypnotic relaxation that are applicable to interactions with children...
March 2017: Journal of Radiology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943094/the-differential-impact-of-social-services-on-young-people-s-resilience
#6
Michael Ungar
Differential Impact Theory (DIT) can help explain which services and supports work best for which young people at which levels of risk exposure. As a complement to a growing understanding of how a child's genetic and phenotypic traits influence treatment outcomes, DIT focuses attention on the relative impact of a child's environment on psychosocial development. In this article, three principles of DIT will be discussed: (1) demands of higher level systems compel individuals to adapt; (2) the factors that influence individual change the most depend on the individual's degree of risk exposure; and (3) the more complex the challenges an individual faces, the more complex the systems required to improve functioning...
September 21, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943061/nutritional-strategies-in-ruminants-a-lifetime-approach
#7
REVIEW
Joseph McGrath, Stéphane M Duval, Luis F M Tamassia, Maik Kindermann, René T Stemmler, Vinícius N de Gouvea, Tiago S Acedo, Irmgard Immig, Scot N Williams, Pietro Celi
This review examines the role of nutritional strategies to improve lifetime performance in ruminants. Strategies to increase ruminants' productive longevity by means of nutritional interventions provide the opportunity not only to increase their lifetime performances and their welfare, but also to decrease their environmental impact. This paper will also address how such nutritional interventions can increase herd efficiency and farm profitability. The key competencies reviewed in this article are redox balance, skeletal development and health, nutrient utilization and sustainability, which includes rearing ruminants without antibiotics and methane mitigation...
September 12, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942803/systematic-review-of-universal-resilience-focused-interventions-targeting-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-in-the-school-setting
#8
REVIEW
Julia Dray, Jenny Bowman, Elizabeth Campbell, Megan Freund, Luke Wolfenden, Rebecca K Hodder, Kathleen McElwaine, Danika Tremain, Kate Bartlem, Jacqueline Bailey, Tameka Small, Kerrin Palazzi, Christopher Oldmeadow, John Wiggers
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of universal, school-based, resilience-focused interventions on mental health problems in children and adolescents. METHOD: Eligible studies were randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of universal, school-based interventions that included strategies to strengthen a minimum of 3 internal resilience protective factors, and included an outcome measure of mental health problems in children and adolescents aged 5 to 18 years. Six databases were searched from 1995 to 2015...
October 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942741/personal-factors-underlying-resilience-in-adolescence-cross-cultural-validity-of-the-prince-embury-model
#9
Mercedes Villasana, Jesús Alonso-Tapia, Miguel A Ruiz
Resiliency personality factors are supposed to underlie resilience. To get evidence on this supposition, the Prince-Embury scales (PES) for adolescents were adapted to the Spanish population. Then, the relationship between the resiliency variables sense of mastery, sense of relatedness and emotional reactivity -assessed with the PES- with resilience -assessed with the Subjective Resilience Questionnaire (SRQ)- were analyzed, as well as the role of social integration within this relationship. Data from 1083 adolescents were analyzed using confirmatory techniques (CFA, PALV)...
September 25, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942565/relationship-of-adverse-family-experiences-to-resilience-and-school-engagement-among-vermont-youth
#10
Laurin Kasehagen, Laurel Omland, Melissa Bailey, Charlie Biss, Breena Holmes, Patsy Tassler Kelso
INTRODUCTION: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with a range of health outcomes and risk behaviors. In 2011-2012, the National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) included questions about adverse family experiences (AFEs). AFE survey questions are similar to ACE questions, except there are no questions about emotional/physical/sexual trauma, and questions are asked of parents rather than children. Although the relationship between ACEs and work/school absenteeism has been studied, the relationships between AFEs of school-aged children, school performance, and buffering behaviors have not been explored in depth...
September 23, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942062/volumetric-grey-matter-alterations-in-adolescents-and-adults-born-very-preterm-suggest-accelerated-brain-maturation
#11
Vyacheslav R Karolis, Sean Froudist-Walsh, Jasmin Kroll, Philip J Brittain, Chieh-En Jane Tseng, Kie-Woo Nam, Antje A T S Reinders, Robin M Murray, Steven C R Williams, Paul M Thompson, Chiara Nosarti
Previous research investigating structural neurodevelopmental alterations in individuals who were born very preterm demonstrated a complex pattern of grey matter changes that defy straightforward summary. Here we addressed this problem by characterising volumetric brain alterations in individuals who were born very preterm from adolescence to adulthood at three hierarchically related levels - global, modular and regional. We demarcated structural components that were either particularly resilient or vulnerable to the impact of very preterm birth...
September 20, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942056/children-s-resilience-and-trauma-specific-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-comparing-resilience-as-an-outcome-a-trait-and-a-process
#12
Kaitlin Happer, Elissa J Brown, Komal Sharma-Patel
Resilience, which is associated with relatively positive outcomes following negative life experiences, is an important research target in the field of child maltreatment (Luthar et al., 2000). The extant literature contains multiple conceptualizations of resilience, which hinders development in research and clinical utility. Three models emerge from the literature: resilience as an immediate outcome (i.e., behavioral or symptom response), resilience as a trait, and resilience as a dynamic process. The current study compared these models in youth undergoing trauma-specific cognitive behavioral therapy...
September 20, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941143/the-association-between-specific-types-of-childhood-adversity-and-attenuated-psychotic-symptoms-in-a-community-sample
#13
David Mongan, Ciaran Shannon, Donncha Hanna, Adrian Boyd, Ciaran Mulholland
AIM: This study aimed to examine the relationship between types of childhood adversity and attenuated psychotic symptoms in a general population sample, and to determine the predictive role of other psychosocial factors such as resilience, coping style and social support. METHODS: An online survey was conducted with a US-based general population sample of 748 participants (aged 18 to 35 years) using Amazon's Mechanical Turk (an online crowd-sourcing service). Participants completed the Adverse Childhood Experiences Questionnaire (ACE-Q), the Prodromal Questionnaire (PQ-16), the Brief COPE Scale, the Brief Resilience Scale (BRS), the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support and the Neighbourhood Cohesion Scale...
September 20, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941027/relationship-of-aquaporins-3-aqp3-7-aqp7-and-11-aqp11-with-boar-sperm-resilience-to-withstand-freeze-thawing-procedures
#14
N Prieto-Martínez, I Vilagran, R Morató, M M Rivera Del Álamo, J E Rodríguez-Gil, S Bonet, M Yeste
Cryopreservation is the most suitable method to preserve boar spermatozoa over long-term storage. However, freeze-thawing protocols inflict extensive damage to sperm cells, reducing their viability and compromising their fertilizing ability. In addition, high individual variability is known to exist between boar ejaculates, which may be classified as of good (GFE) or poor (PFE) freezability. While conventional spermiogram parameters fail to predict sperm cryotolerance in fresh spermatozoa, high levels of certain proteins, also known as freezability markers, have been found to be related to the sperm resilience to withstand freeze-thawing procedures...
September 21, 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940819/vacancy-driven-gelation-using-defect-rich-nanoassemblies-of-2d-transition-metal-dichalcogenides-and-polymeric-binder-for-biomedical-applications
#15
Manish K Jaiswal, James K Carrow, James L Gentry, Jagriti Gupta, Nara Altangerel, Marlan Scully, Akhilesh K Gaharwar
A new approach of vacancy-driven gelation to obtain chemically crosslinked hydrogels from defect-rich 2D molybdenum disulfide (MoS2 ) nanoassemblies and polymeric binder is reported. This approach utilizes the planar and edge atomic defects available on the surface of the 2D MoS2 nanoassemblies to form mechanically resilient and elastomeric nanocomposite hydrogels. The atomic defects present on the lattice plane of 2D MoS2 nanoassemblies are due to atomic vacancies and can act as an active center for vacancy-driven gelation with a thiol-activated terminal such as four-arm poly(ethylene glycol)-thiol (PEG-SH) via chemisorption...
September 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940508/evaluating-renewable-groundwater-stress-with-grace-data-in-greece
#16
Alexandra Gemitzi, Venkat Lakshmi
Groundwater is a resilient water source and its importance is even greater in periods of drought. Areas such as the Mediterranean where adverse climate change effects are expected are bell-weather locations for groundwater depletion and are of considerable interest. The present study evaluates renewable groundwater stress (RGS) as the ratio of groundwater use to groundwater availability, quantifying use as the trend in gravity recovery and climate experiment-derived (GRACE) subsurface anomalies (ΔGWtrend ) and renewable groundwater availability as mean annual recharge...
September 22, 2017: Ground Water
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940221/discrimination-parent-adolescent-conflict-and-peer-intimacy-examining-risk-and-resilience-in-mexican-origin-youths-adjustment-trajectories
#17
Melissa Y Delgado, Rajni L Nair, Kimberly A Updegraff, Adriana J Umaña-Taylor
Peer discrimination and parent-adolescent conflict in early adolescence were examined as predictors of depressive symptoms and risky behaviors from early to late adolescence using four waves of data over an 8-year period from a sample of 246 Mexican-origin adolescents (MTime 1 age  = 12.55, SD = 0.58; 51% female). The buffering effect of friendship intimacy and moderating role of adolescent gender were tested. Higher levels of discrimination and conflict in early adolescence were associated with higher initial levels of depressive symptoms and risky behaviors in early adolescence and stability through late adolescence...
September 22, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940055/cortical-and-thalamic-connectivity-to-the-second-auditory-cortex-of-the-cat-is-resilient-to-the-onset-of-deafness
#18
Blake E Butler, Alexandra de la Rua, Taylor Ward-Able, Stephen G Lomber
It has been well established that following sensory loss, cortical areas that would normally be involved in perceiving stimuli in the absent modality are recruited to subserve the remaining senses. Despite this compensatory functional reorganization, there is little evidence to date for any substantial change in the patterns of anatomical connectivity between sensory cortices. However, while many auditory areas are contracted in the deaf, the second auditory cortex (A2) of the cat undergoes a volumetric expansion following hearing loss, suggesting this cortical area may demonstrate a region-specific pattern of structural reorganization...
September 22, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939984/hurricane-recovery-and-ecological-resilience-measuring-the-impacts-of-wetland-alteration-post-hurricane-ike-on-the-upper-tx-coast
#19
Md Y Reja, Samuel D Brody, Wesley E Highfield, Galen D Newman
Recovery after hurricane events encourages new development activities and allows reconstruction through the conversion of naturally occurring wetlands to other land uses. This research investigates the degree to which hurricane recovery activities in coastal communities are undermining the ability of these places to attenuate the impacts of future storm events. Specifically, it explores how and to what extent wetlands are being affected by the CWA Section 404 permitting program in the context of post-Hurricane Ike 2008 recovery...
September 22, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939560/plastic-responses-of-bryozoans-to-ocean-acidification
#20
Daniel S Swezey, Jessica R Bean, Tessa M Hill, Brian Gaylord, Aaron T Ninokawa, Eric Sanford
Phenotypic plasticity has the potential to allow organisms to respond rapidly to global environmental change, but the range and effectiveness of these responses are poorly understood across taxa and growth strategies. Colonial organisms might be particularly resilient to environmental stressors, as organizational modularity and successive asexual generations can allow for distinctively flexible responses in the aggregate form. We performed laboratory experiments to examine the effects of increasing dissolved carbon dioxide (i...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
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