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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109111/-efficacy-of-high-versus-low-plasma-red-blood-cell-ratio-resuscitation-in-patients-with-severe-trauma-requiring-massive-blood-transfusion-a-meta-analysis
#1
Fang Yu, Tao Zhong, Gang Wu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of high (≥1:2) and low (<1:2) plasma: red blood cell (RBC) ratio resuscitation in patients with severe trauma requiring massive blood transfusion. METHODS: The databases including the Cochrane Library, Pubmed, Web of Science, and EMBASE were systemically searched for relevant studies published between January, 2009 and April, 2016. The selection of studies, assessment of methodological quality and data extraction were performed by two researchers independently according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria...
January 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105211/diagnostic-and-therapeutic-approaches-to-multiple-myeloma-patients-real-world-data-from-representative-multicentre-treatment-surveys-in-germany-between-2008-and-2011
#2
Thomas M Moehler, Maximilian Merz, Lenka Kellermann, Hartmut Goldschmidt, Wolfgang Knauf
A survey was conducted to investigate the standard of care for multiple myeloma in Germany, in order to clarify the status of implementation of international and national treatment guidelines. In addition, the changes in disease management over time were investigated by comparison with surveys conducted in 2008 and 2009. The survey captured a representative sample of 478 myeloma patients with a mean age of 67.9 years across various stages of the disease. Diagnostic approaches, prognostic aspects and treatment decisions were evaluated based on a survey conducted in 2011 in 58 representative centres in Germany, including university and non-university hospitals and office-based haematologists...
December 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103911/comparison-of-the-effectiveness-and-safety-of-topical-versus-intravenous-tranexamic-acid-in-primary-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#3
Tao-Ping Chen, Yu-Min Chen, Jian-Bao Jiao, Yun-Fei Wang, Li-Gang Qian, Zhao Guo, Zheng Ma, Cui-Yu Han, Tong-Huan Shi
BACKGROUND: This study aims to compare the effectiveness and safety of topical versus intravenous tranexamic acid (TXA) in reducing blood loss in primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Chinese Biomedicine Literature (CBM), Wanfang Database and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and Google Scholar were searched for randomized controlled studies (RCTs) that compared topical versus intravenous TXA in terms of reducing blood loss during TKA from their inception to September 2015...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093623/what-factor-within-the-japanese-association-for-acute-medicine-jaam-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation-dic-criteria-is-most-strongly-correlated-with-trauma-induced-dic-a-retrospective-study-using-thromboelastometry-in-a-single-center-in-japan
#4
H Koami, Y Sakamoto, K C Yamada, T Matsuda, J Nishi, K Nakayama, R Sakurai, M Ohta, H Imahase, M Yahata, M Umeka, T Miike, F Nagashima, T Iwamura, S Inoue
PURPOSE: The diagnostic criteria for disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) established by the Japanese Association for Acute Medicine (JAAM) is able to diagnose DIC accurately and promptly. The aim of this retrospective study is to evaluate the degree of association between each parameter of JAAM DIC criteria and the diagnosis of trauma induced DIC (T-DIC) utilizing thromboelastometry (ROTEM). METHODS: Trauma patients transported to our hospital with ROTEM performed in the emergency department between January 2013 and December 2015 were enrolled in this study...
January 16, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079778/association-of-intended-route-of-delivery-and-maternal-morbidity-in-twin-pregnancy
#5
Sarah Rae Easter, Julian N Robinson, Ellice Lieberman, Daniela Carusi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate maternal morbidity in twin pregnancies according to intended mode of delivery. METHODS: We assembled a 7-year retrospective cohort (2007-2014) of women delivering viable, vertex-presenting twins beyond 32 weeks of gestation without contraindication to labor or uterine scar. We classified women as undergoing a trial of labor to attempt vaginal birth or choosing an elective cesarean delivery. Our primary outcome was a measure of composite maternal morbidity including death, postpartum hemorrhage, infection, major procedure, readmission for infection or reoperation, need for dilation and evacuation for hemorrhage or infection, venous thromboembolism, small bowel obstruction or ileus, or intensive care unit admission...
January 9, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077534/reduced-mortality-by-meeting-guideline-criteria-before-using-recombinant-activated-factor-vii-in-severe-trauma-patients-with-massive-bleeding
#6
J-F Payen, M Berthet, C Genty, P Declety, D Garrigue-Huet, N Morel, P Bouzat, B Riou, J-L Bosson
BACKGROUND: Management of trauma patients with severe bleeding has led to criteria before considering use of recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa), including haemoglobin >8 g dl(-1), serum fibrinogen ≥1.0 g l(-1), platelets >50,000 x 10(9) l(-1), arterial pH ≥ 7.20, and body temperature ≥34 °C. We hypothesized that meeting these criteria is associated with improved outcomes. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study of 26 French trauma centres, subjects were included if they received rFVIIa for persistent massive bleeding despite appropriate care after severe blunt and/or penetrating trauma...
October 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076488/use-of-tranexamic-acid-in-trauma-patients-an-analysis-of-cost-effectiveness-for-use-in-brazil
#7
Marcelo A Pinto, Jair G da Silva, Aljamir D Chedid, Marcio F Chedid
Introduction: Use of tranexamic acid (TXA) in trauma has been the subject of growing interest by researchers and health professionals. However, there are still several open questions regarding its use. In some aspects medical literature is controversial. The points of disagreement among experts include questions such as: Which patients should receive TXA in trauma? Should treatment be performed in the pre-hospital environment? Is there any need for laboratory parameters before starting TXA treatment? What is the drug safety profile? The main issue on which there is still no basis in literature is: What is the indication for treatment within massive transfusion protocols? Objective: Answer the questions proposed based on critical evaluation of the evidence gathered so far and carry out a study of cost-effectiveness of TXA use in trauma adapted to the Brazilian reality...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074788/comparison-of-two-doses-of-heparin-on-outcome-in-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-patients-a-prospective-randomized-control-study
#8
Murali Chakravarthy, Dattatreya Prabhakumar, Patil Thimmannagowda, Jayaprakash Krishnamoorthy, Antony George, Vivek Jawali
INTRODUCTION: While off pump coronary artery bypass surgery is practiced with an intention to reduce the morbidity associated with cardiopulmonary bypass, the resultant 'hypercoagulability' needs to be addressed. Complications such as cavitary thrombus possibly due to the hyper coagulability after off pump coronary artery bypass surgery have been described. Many clinicians use higher doses of heparin - up to 5 mg/kg in order to thwart this fear. Overall, there appears to be no consensus on the dose of heparin in off pump coronary artery bypass surgeries...
January 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070197/a-survey-on-the-prevalence-of-depression-in-blood-donors-with-hepatitis-c-in-shiraz
#9
Leila Kasraian, Neda Negarestani, Mohammad Hossein Karimi, Sahar Dehbidi
BACKGROUND: Depression is the most common psychiatric disorder associated with hepatitis C. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to survey the prevalence rate of depression in patients with Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) before they were aware of their HCV test result. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on all blood donors with confirmed positive HCV test results who donated blood between March 21, 2012 to March 21, 2013 at Fars blood transfusion center in Iran as case group and age- and sex-matched blood donors with negative screening test results as control group...
November 2016: Hepatitis Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043204/safety-of-gelatin-solutions-for-the-priming-of-cardiopulmonary-bypass-in-cardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Idris Ghijselings, Dirk Himpe, Steffen Rex
This systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the safety of gelatin versus hydroxyethyl starches (HES) and crystalloids when used for cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB)-priming in cardiac surgery. MEDLINE (Pubmed), Embase and CENTRAL were searched. We included only randomized, controlled trials comparing CPB-priming with gelatin with either crystalloids or HES-solutions of the newest generation. The primary endpoint was the blood loss during the first 24 hours. Secondary outcomes included perioperative transfusion requirements, postoperative kidney function, postoperative ventilation times and length of stay on the intensive care unit...
December 1, 2016: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029475/trali-following-fresh-frozen-plasma-resuscitation-from-burn-shock
#11
Larry M Jones, Nicholas Deluga, Puneet Bhatti, Scott R Scrape, John K Bailey, Rebecca A Coffey
INTRODUCTION: Resuscitation from burn shock using fresh frozen plasma (FFP) has been described. Critics of FFP resuscitation cite the development of transfusion related acute lung injury (TRALI) as a deterrent to its use. This study examines the occurrence of TRALI with FFP resuscitation of critically ill burned patients. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted of severely burned patients who received FFP resuscitation. Data points included age, TBSA, TBSA full thickness, presence of alternate etiologies of acute lung injury, total FFP administered, and signs and symptoms of TRALI as defined per the Canadian Blood Services Consensus Conference...
October 28, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017673/outcome-after-surgery-for-acute-aortic-dissection-influence-of-preoperative-antiplatelet-therapy-on-prognosis
#12
Raphaelle Avigael Chemtob, Hasse Moeller-Soerensen, Lene Holmvang, Peter Skov Olsen, Hanne Berg Ravn
OBJECTIVES: Outcome in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is improved with dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT). Patients with acute aortic dissection type A (AAD) often present with similar symptoms and may therefore be prescribed DAPT before diagnosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of antiplatelet therapy (APT) prior to AAD surgery and patient outcome, including indications according to the European Society of Cardiology's (ESC) recent guidelines. DESIGN: A retrospective, observational study...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011511/minimally-invasive-lymphadenectomy-in-uterine-cervical-cancer-a-systematic-review
#13
Natasa Rizou, Demetrios Moris, Emmanouil Pikoulis, Nikolaos Dimitrokallis, Eustratia Mpaili, Evangelos Felekouras, Alexandros Papalampros
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to review the current literature on the role of minimally invasive lymphadenectomy in the treatment of cervical cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Non-randomized control trials published between January 2007 to May 2016 were identified by searching the Pubmed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library databases. Primary endpoints included operative outcomes (operative time, intraoperative blood loss, number of transfused patients and conversion rates), postoperative outcomes (length of postoperative hospital stay, postoperative morbidity and postoperative in-hospital mortality), and oncological outcomes (number of harvested lymph nodes, tumor recurrence, disease-free rates and overall survival rates)...
January 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008625/arterial-ligation-versus-embolization-in-epistaxis-management-counterintuitive-national-trends
#14
Michael J Sylvester, Sei Y Chung, Luis A Guinand, Aparna Govindan, Soly Baredes, Jean Anderson Eloy
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Arterial ligation and embolization are treatment modalities indicated in severe and refractory epistaxis. The purpose of this study was to examine temporal trends and compare outcomes in treatment of hospitalized epistaxis patients with ligation or embolization. METHODS: This retrospective cohort analysis utilized the 2008 to 2013 National Inpatient Sample to identify patients admitted with a primary diagnosis of epistaxis, and an associated procedure code for ligation or embolization...
December 23, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006778/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-effects-on-dutasteride-treatment-for-reducing-surgical-blood-loss-during-transurethral-resection-of-the-prostate
#15
Jian Ren, Shicong Lai, Zhaoqiang Jiang, Xin Xu, Tongxiang Diao, Nikesh Thiruchelvam, Guan Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to evaluate the efficacy of preoperative dutasteride treatment for reducing surgical blood loss in patients undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). METHODS: A systematic search was performed from the electronic databases including PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library by May 2016. We followed the search strategy based on Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis statement when examining the literature...
December 23, 2016: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005734/risk-factors-leading-to-free-flap-failure-analysis-from-the-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-database
#16
Paymon Sanati-Mehrizy, Benjamin B Massenburg, John M Rozehnal, Michael J Ingargiola, Jonatan Hernandez Rosa, Peter J Taub
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to identify risk factors for free flap failure among various anatomically based free flap subgroups. METHODS: The 2005 to 2012 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was queried for patients undergoing microvascular free tissue transfer based on current procedural terminology codes. Univariate analysis was performed to identify any association between flap failure and the following factors: age, gender, race, body mass index (BMI), diabetes, smoking, alcohol use, hypertension, intraoperative transfusion, functional health status, American Society of Anesthesiologists class, operative time, and flap location...
November 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005272/prophylactic-versus-selective-blood-transfusion-for-sickle-cell-disease-in-pregnancy
#17
REVIEW
Babasola O Okusanya, Olufemi T Oladapo
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with sickle cell disease (HbSS, HbSC and HbSβThal) may require blood transfusion to prevent severe anaemia or to manage potential medical complications. Preventive blood transfusion in the absence of complications starting from the early weeks of pregnancy or blood transfusion only for medical or obstetric indications have been used as management policies. There is currently no consensus on the blood transfusion policy that guarantees optimal clinical benefits with minimal risks for such women and their babies...
22, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003931/stability-of-thawed-apheresis-fresh-frozen-plasma-stored-for-up-to-120-hours-at-1%C3%A2-c-to-6%C3%A2-c
#18
William P Sheffield, Varsha Bhakta, Qi-Long Yi, Craig Jenkins
Regulations concerning the storage of transfusable plasma differ internationally. In Canada, plasma obtained from whole blood donations and frozen within 24 hours of phlebotomy (frozen plasma, FP) may be thawed and transfused within 120 hours of refrigerated storage. However, plasma frozen within 8 hours of phlebotomy following apheresis donation (FFPA) must be transfused within 24 hours of thawing and refrigeration. Our objectives were to measure coagulation factors (F) V, VII, and VIII, fibrinogen activities, and the prothrombin time (PT) in thawed refrigerated FFPA at 0, 24, and 120 hours of storage and to compare these values to those in thawed refrigerated FP...
2016: Journal of Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002321/is-combined-topical-with-intravenous-tranexamic-acid-superior-than-topical-intravenous-tranexamic-acid-alone-and-control-groups-for-blood-loss-controlling-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-meta-analysis
#19
Chunmei Lin, Yingmei Qi, Li Jie, Hong-Biao Li, Xi-Cheng Zhao, Lei Qin, Xin-Qiang Jiang, Zhen-Hua Zhang, Liping Ma
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of combined topical with intravenous tranexamic acid (TXA) versus topical, intravenous TXA alone or control for reducing blood loss after a total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: In May 2016, a systematic computer-based search was conducted in the PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and Chinese Wanfang database...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001313/incidence-and-clinical-characteristics-of-transfusion-associated-circulatory-overload-using-an-active-surveillance-algorithm
#20
N H Roubinian, J E Hendrickson, D J Triulzi, J L Gottschall, D Chowdhury, D J Kor, M R Looney, M A Matthay, S H Kleinman, D Brambilla, E L Murphy
BACKGROUND: The concordance of haemovigilance criteria developed for surveillance of transfusion-associated circulatory overload (TACO) with its clinical diagnosis has not been assessed. In a pilot study to evaluate an electronic screening algorithm, we sought to examine TACO incidence and application of haemovigilance criteria in patients with post-transfusion pulmonary oedema. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: From June to September 2014, all transfused adult inpatients at four academic hospitals were screened with an algorithm identifying chest radiographs ordered within 12 h of blood component release...
January 2017: Vox Sanguinis
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