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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239989/advance-male-urethral-sling-medium-term-results-in-an-australian-cohort
#1
Alexander Papachristos, Sarah Mann, Kay Talbot, Daniel Moon
BACKGROUND: Since 2008, the AdVance male urethral sling has emerged as a minimally invasive option for stress urinary incontinence. We aimed to evaluate the success of the AdVance sling using validated continence outcome measures. METHODS: A total of 72 patients treated with the AdVance sling completed validated questionnaires reporting on quality of life and functional outcomes. Incontinence was assessed according to pad weight, pad usage per day (PPD), International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire scores and Patient Global Impression of Improvement scores...
February 27, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239986/molecular-analysis-of-the-early-interaction-between-the-grapevine-flower-and-botrytis-cinerea-reveals-that-prompt-activation-of-specific-host-pathways-leads-to-fungus-quiescence
#2
Zeraye H Mehari, Stefania Pilati, Paolo Sonego, Giulia Malacarne, Urska Vrhovsek, Kristof Engelen, Paul Tudzynski, Michela Zottini, Elena Baraldi, Claudio Moser
Grapes quality and yield can be impaired by bunch rot, caused by the necrotrophic fungus Botrytis cinerea. Infection often occurs at flowering and the pathogen stays quiescent until fruit maturity. Here, we report a molecular analysis of the early interaction between B. cinerea and Vitis vinifera flowers, using a controlled infection system, confocal microscopy and integrated transcriptomic and metabolic analysis of the host and the pathogen. Flowers from fruiting cuttings of the cv. Pinot Noir were infected with GFP-labeled B...
February 27, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239984/cost-effectiveness-of-extended-release-naltrexone-to-prevent-relapse-among-criminal-justice-involved-persons-with-a-history-of-opioid-use-disorder
#3
Sean M Murphy, Daniel Polsky, Joshua D Lee, Peter D Friedmann, Timothy W Kinlock, Edward V Nunes, Richard J Bonnie, Michael Gordon, Donna T Chen, Tamara Y Boney, Charles P O'Brien
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Criminal-justice-involved persons are highly susceptible to opioid relapse and overdose-related deaths. In a recent randomized trial, we demonstrated the effectiveness of extended release naltrexone (XR-NTX; Vivitrol®) in preventing opioid relapse among criminal-justice-involved U.S. adults with a history of opioid use disorder. The cost of XR-NTX may be a significant barrier to adoption. Thus, it is important to account for improved quality of life, and downstream cost-offsets...
February 26, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239982/phytochemicals-in-quinoa-and-amaranth-grains-and-their-antioxidant-anti-inflammatory-and-potential-health-beneficial-effects-a-review
#4
Yao Tang, Rong Tsao
Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) and amaranth (Amaranthus cruentus L.) are pseudocereal grains rich in both macronutrients and micronutrients including vitamins and minerals. The proteins are particularly of high nutritional quality due to the outstanding balance of essential amino acids. However, recent research strongly suggests that the essential nutrients such as phytochemicals of quinoa and amaranth may also with potential health beneficial effects. This review focuses on the phytochemical composition of quinoa and amaranth seeds, the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of hydrophilic (e...
February 26, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239968/training-in-metabolomics-research-ii-processing-and-statistical-analysis-of-metabolomics-data-metabolite-identification-pathway-analysis-applications-of-metabolomics-and-its-future
#5
Stephen Barnes, H Paul Benton, Krista Casazza, Sara J Cooper, Xiangqin Cui, Xiuxia Du, Jeffrey Engler, Janusz H Kabarowski, Shuzhao Li, Wimal Pathmasiri, Jeevan K Prasain, Matthew B Renfrow, Hemant K Tiwari
Metabolomics, a systems biology discipline representing analysis of known and unknown pathways of metabolism, has grown tremendously over the past 20 years. Because of its comprehensive nature, metabolomics requires careful consideration of the question(s) being asked, the scale needed to answer the question(s), collection and storage of the sample specimens, methods for extraction of the metabolites from biological matrices, the analytical method(s) to be employed and the quality control of the analyses, how collected data are correlated, the statistical methods to determine metabolites undergoing significant change, putative identification of metabolites and the use of stable isotopes to aid in verifying metabolite identity and establishing pathway connections and fluxes...
August 2016: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239953/depression-anxiety-and-health-related-quality-of-life-amongst-patients-who-are-starting-dialysis-treatment
#6
Ana Rebollo Rubio, José Miguel Morales Asencio, Ma Eugenia Pons Raventos
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has a severe impact on patients' health-related quality of life (HRQL). The start of renal replacement therapy (RRT) significantly influences psychological, physical and social aspects of life. OBJECTIVES: To analyse the HRQL and psychological status (anxiety and depression) at the start of RRT. METHODS: We undertook an observational descriptive cross-sectional study. A total of 152 patients starting RRT were recruited for the study...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Renal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239915/rapid-analysis-of-corni-fructus-using-paper-spray-mass-spectrometry
#7
Yuan Guo, Zhixin Gu, Xuemei Liu, Jingjing Liu, Ming Ma, Bo Chen, Liping Wang
INTRODUCTION: Paper spray-mass spectrometry (PS-MS) is a kind of ambient MS technique for the rapid analysis of samples. Corni fructus has been widely used in traditional Chinese compound preparations and healthy food. However, a number of counterfeits of Corni fructus, such as Crataegi fructus, Lycii fructus, and grape skin are illegally sold in crude herb markets. Therefore, the development of a rapid and high-throughput quality evaluation method is important for ensuring the effectiveness and safety of the crude materials of Corni fructus...
February 26, 2017: Phytochemical Analysis: PCA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239910/adverse-symptoms-of-immunosuppressants-a-survey-of-canadian-transplant-clinicians
#8
J J Harrison, H Mansell, T Blydt-Hansen
Adverse symptoms of immunosuppressants (ASI) impact quality of life (QOL) in solid organ transplant recipients, however standardized approaches for active ASI surveillance and intervention are lacking. While management is highly clinician-dependent, clinician views remain largely unexplored. We surveyed Canadian Society of Transplantation members on their perceptions of ASI including frequency, perceived QOL impact, causal attribution, management strategies and success. Sixty-one clinicians participated in the survey of 12 ASI (tremor, diarrhea, nausea, constipation, dyspnea, insomnia, edema, dyspnea, arthralgia, acne, mouth sores, paresthesias), for a 22% response rate...
February 26, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239906/complementary-medicine-for-treatment-of-agitation-and-delirium-in-older-persons-a-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis
#9
REVIEW
Ilana Levy, Samuel Attias, Eran Ben-Arye, Boaz Bloch, Elad Schiff
BACKGROUND: Agitation and delirium frequently occur in cognitively impaired older people. We conducted a systematic review with narrative synthesis of the literature aiming to assess effectiveness of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) modalities to address these conditions. METHODS: Following preliminary search, we included 40 original researches on CAM treatment of delirium and agitation in older persons. Then, the quality of these studies was assessed using the Downs and Black Checklist and Quality Assessment Tool for Studies with Diverse Designs, and the effect sizes were calculated...
February 26, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239896/adolescents-evaluations-of-the-quality-of-lifestyle-counselling-in-school-based-health-care
#10
Laura Myllymäki, Heidi Ruotsalainen, Maria Kääriäinen
BACKGROUND: Adolescents need effective lifestyle counselling precisely because health problems are so common. Good-quality lifestyle counselling can prevent the problems from becoming worse and decrease the costs of health care. Nurse practitioners in schools are well positioned to promote adolescent health. AIM: This study describes adolescents' evaluations of the quality of lifestyle counselling and factors related to it in school-based health care. METHODS: The data were collected from seventh- to ninth-grade adolescents (n = 846) using the Counselling Quality Instrument, from two junior high schools in northern Finland...
February 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239895/ultrastructure-of-cell-organelles-in-pre-implantation-embryos-from-cows-with-different-body-condition-score
#11
L Olexiková, J Pivko, A V Makarevich, E Kubovičová, A Ostró, J Živčák, P Chrenek
Morphology of important cell organelles (mitochondria, lipid droplets, vacuoles, inclusion bodies and apoptotic bodies) in embryos derived from cows with different body condition score (BCS) was analysed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Embryos were recovered on 7th day after the insemination by a standard non-surgical flushing of the uterine horns from superovulated Holstein Friesian cows with BCS 2, 3, 4 and 5. Thereafter, the good quality blastocysts were processed for TEM. The electronograms were evaluated by stereological analysis...
February 27, 2017: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239870/genotype-by-environment-effect-on-bioactive-compounds-in-strawberry-fragaria-x-ananassa-duch
#12
Luisa Palmieri, Domenico Masuero, Paolo Martinatti, Giuseppe Baratto, Stefan Martens, Urska Vrhovsek
BACKGROUND: The relative contribute assessment of the genotype, the environment and the genotype-by-environmental (G x E) interaction to the variety performance is necessary to determine their adaptation capacity. RESULTS: The influence of temperature, UV-irradiation and sunshine duration on quality and fruits composition was investigated in nine strawberry cultivars grown at three different altitudes. The UV-radiation intensity affected the pH and the sugar content that were higher for most of the varieties at low altitudes where the total titratable acidity (TTA) was less...
February 27, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239867/inpatient-cost-analysis-for-treatment-of-myasthenia-gravis
#13
Jacklyn O Omorodion, Jesse M Pines, Henry J Kaminski
INTRODUCTION: We explored trends in U.S. inpatient costs of care over a 10-year period. METHODS: We compared myasthenia gravis (MG) to multiple sclerosis (MS) and overall U.S. hospital admissions using the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Nationwide Inpatient Sample database for 2003-2013. RESULTS: Total costs of MG inpatient care rose 13-fold from 2003-2013. This was accounted for by a >6-fold increase in discharges and a >2-fold increase in cost per discharge...
February 27, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239862/primary-ureteral-leiomyosarcoma-in-a-dog
#14
F W Yap, X B Huizing, R Rasotto, K L Bowlt-Blacklock
CASE DESCRIPTION: A nearly 6-year-old female spayed Labrador Retriever was presented for acute abdominal pain and lethargy. The dog had no previous health concerns apart from occasional episodes of urinary incontinence in the 2 months prior to presentation. A retroperitoneal mass involving the right ureter was found during the investigations. Serum urea was mildly elevated, but the serum creatinine was within the normal range. No distant metastases were detected. A right ureteronephrectomy was performed...
March 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239779/variation-in-barley-1%C3%A2-%C3%A2-3-1%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-4-%C3%AE-glucan-endohydrolases-reveals-novel-allozymes-with-increased-thermostability
#15
Juanita C Lauer, Suong Cu, Rachel A Burton, Jason K Eglinton
Novel barley (1 → 3, 1 → 4)-β-glucan endohydrolases with increased thermostability. Rapid and reliable degradation of (1 → 3, 1 → 4)-β-glucan to produce low viscosity wort is an essential requirement for malting barley. The (1 → 3, 1 → 4)-β-glucan endohyrolases are responsible for the primary hydrolysis of cell wall β-glucan. The variation in β-glucanase genes HvGlb1 and HvGlb2 that encode EI and EII, respectively, were examined in elite and exotic germplasm. Six EI and 14 EII allozymes were identified, and significant variation was found in β-glucanase from Hordeum vulgare ssp...
February 26, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239752/potential-and-limitations-of-cochrane-reviews-in-pediatric-cardiology-a-systematic-analysis
#16
Martin Poryo, Sara Khosrawikatoli, Hashim Abdul-Khaliq, Sascha Meyer
Evidence-based medicine has contributed substantially to the quality of medical care in pediatric and adult cardiology. However, our impression from the bedside is that a substantial number of Cochrane reviews generate inconclusive data that are of limited clinical benefit. We performed a systematic synopsis of Cochrane reviews published between 2001 and 2015 in the field of pediatric cardiology. Main outcome parameters were the number and percentage of conclusive, partly conclusive, and inconclusive reviews as well as their recommendations and their development over three a priori defined intervals...
February 27, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239743/sleep-depressive-anxiety-disorders-and-obesity-in-puerto-rican-youth
#17
Daphne Koinis-Mitchell, Nicolás Rosario-Matos, Rafael R Ramírez, Pedro García, Glorisa J Canino, Alexander N Ortega
OBJECTIVE: Adolescents from Puerto Rican backgrounds are found to have higher rates of obesity than adolescents from other ethnic groups in the US. The objective of this study is to examine whether sleeping the recommended number of hours and depression or anxiety disorder are independently related to risk for obesity in a sample of Island Puerto Rican adolescents, and whether the association between sleep and obesity is moderated by depression or anxiety disorder. METHODS: Data from the study were derived from the third wave of an island wide probability sample of Puerto Rican youth residing on the Island, 10-25 years of age (N = 825), with a response rate of 79...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239673/effectiveness-of-a-walnut-enriched-diet-on-murine-sperm-involvement-of-reduced-peroxidative-damage
#18
Lauren S Coffua, Patricia A Martin-DeLeon
A walnut supplement for a Western-style diet in men was shown to improve sperm motility, vitality, and morphology. To gain further insights into factors underlying this improvement, we administered a parallel walnut-enriched diet to mice [including those with a defect in sperm motility due to deletion of Plasma Membrane Ca(2+)-ATPase 4 (Pmca4(-/-) )] to determine if there is a similar improvement that is accompanied by reduced sperm membrane peroxidative damage. Although sperm vitality and acrosome reaction rate were unaffected, the diet led to a significant improvement in motility (P < 0...
February 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239635/the-effects-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-workplace-intervention-on-sleep-and-work-family-conflict-outcomes-in-an-extended-care-setting
#19
Miguel Marino, Marie Killerby, Soomi Lee, Laura Cousino Klein, Phyllis Moen, Ryan Olson, Ellen Ernst Kossek, Rosalind King, Leslie Erickson, Lisa F Berkman, Orfeu M Buxton
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of a workplace-based intervention on actigraphic and self-reported sleep outcomes in an extended care setting. DESIGN: Cluster randomized trial. SETTING: Extended-care (nursing) facilities. PARTICIPANTS: US employees and managers at nursing homes. Nursing homes were randomly selected to intervention or control settings. INTERVENTION: The Work, Family and Health Study developed an intervention aimed at reducing work-family conflict within a 4-month work-family organizational change process...
December 2016: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239625/discrepancies-in-communication-versus-documentation-of-weight-management-benchmarks-analysis-of-recorded-visits-with-latino-children-and-associated-health-record-documentation
#20
Christy B Turer, Sarah E Barlow, Sergio Montaño, Glenn Flores
To examine gaps in communication versus documentation of weight-management clinical practices, communication was recorded during primary care visits with 6- to 12-year-old overweight/obese Latino children. Communication/documentation content was coded by 3 reviewers using communication transcripts and health-record documentation. Discrepancies in communication/documentation content codes were resolved through consensus. Bivariate/multivariable analyses examined factors associated with discrepancies in benchmark communication/documentation...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
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