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Antonella Riva, Paolo Morazzoni, Christian Artaria, Pietro Allegrini, Jürgen Meins, Daniele Savio, Giovanni Appendino, Manfred Schubert-Zsilavecz, Mona Abdel-Tawab
BACKGROUND: The oral administration of the gum resin extracts of Indian frankincense (Boswellia serrata Roxb. ex Colebr) results in very low plasma concentrations of boswellic acids (BAs), being far below the pharmacologically active concentrations required in vitro for anti-inflammatory activity. For that reason the use of Indian frankincense in clinical practice and pharmaceutical development has substantially lagged behind. Recently the application of new formulation technologies resulted in a formulation of frankincense extract with lecithin, which revealed improved absorption and tissue penetration of BAs in a rodent study, leading for the first time to plasma concentrations of BAs in the range of their anti-inflammatory activity...
November 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Céline Cerutti-Delasalle, Mohamed Mehiri, Cecilia Cagliero, Patrizia Rubiolo, Carlo Bicchi, Uwe J Meierhenrich, Nicolas Baldovini
Frankincense (olibanum) is one of the oldest aromatic materials used by humans, but the key molecular constituents contributing to its characteristic odor remained unknown. Reported herein is the discovery that (1S,2S)-(+)-trans- and (1S,2R)-(+)-cis-2-octylcyclopropyl-1-carboxylic acids are highly potent and substantive odorants occurring in ppm amounts in all of the frankincense samples analyzed, even those showing radically different volatile compositions. These cyclopropyl-derived acids provide the very characteristic old churchlike endnote of the frankincense odor...
October 24, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Ding Xia, Weiwei Lou, Kar-Ming Fung, Cole L Wolley, Mahmoud M Suhail, Hsueh-Kung Lin
A 52-year-old Hispanic male presented with hematuria and was later diagnosed with a large invasive high-grade urothelial cell carcinoma (UCC) of the urinary bladder, but with ambiguous pT1/pT2 staging regarding musclaris propria invasion by UCC. The conventional treatment including radical cystoprostatectomy followed by neoadjuvant chemotherapy with or without radiation therapy was presented. The patient decided to delay the standard therapy until a later stage, but elected to go through transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) without Bacillus Calmette-Guérin instillation...
August 16, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Siamak Beheshti, Rezvan Aghaie
OBJECTIVE: Frankincense improves memory in different models of learning. However, its influence on models of Alzheimer's disease (AD) has not been studied widely. In the present study, the therapeutic effect of frankincense was evaluated in a model of AD induced by i.c.v administration of streptozotocin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Under stereotaxic surgery, two guide cannulas were implanted in the lateral ventricles of adult male Wistar rats weighing 230-270 g. One group received streptozotocin (1...
July 2016: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
Farid Dabaghian, Sedigheh Khademian, Amir Azadi, Mohammad Zarshenas
BACKGROUND: As the most common form of dementia, Alzheimer disease is characterized by progressive loss of memory and deterioration of cognitive functions. It is predicted that about 75.63 million people would suffer from dementia by 2030. Apart from conventional remedies, the application of herbal medicines is on the rise. There are numerous natural medicaments reported in the traditional manuscript of Persian medicine. Accordingly, in the present study, the intended remedy was selected and an appropriate pharmacognostical and pharmaceutical evaluations were performed...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Neha Sharma, Vikram Bhardwaj, Samar Singh, Sheikh Abid Ali, D K Gupta, Satya Paul, Naresh K Satti, Suresh Chandra, Mahendra K Verma
BACKGROUND: Boswellia serrata, also known as Indian frankincense is a commercially important medicinal plant which has been used for hundreds of years as an Ayurvedic medicine for the attempted treatment of arthritis. It contains naturally occurring triterpenoic acids, called as boswellic acids (BA's). RESULTS: A highly reproducible High performance liquid chromatography-ultraviolet diode array detection (HPLC-UV-DAD) method was developed for the simultaneous determination and quantitative analysis of eight major triterpenoic acids in Boswellia serrata gum resin obtained by different extraction techniques...
2016: Chemistry Central Journal
Abdul Latif Khan, Ahmed Al-Harrasi, Ahmed Al-Rawahi, Zainab Al-Farsi, Aza Al-Mamari, Muhammad Waqas, Sajjad Asaf, Ali Elyassi, Fazal Mabood, Jae-Ho Shin, In-Jung Lee
Boswellia sacra, an economically important frankincense-producing tree found in the desert woodlands of Oman, is least known for its endophytic fungal diversity and the potential of these fungi to produce extracellular enzymes and auxins. We isolated various fungal endophytes belonging to Eurotiales (11.8%), Chaetomiaceae (17.6%), Incertae sadis (29.5%), Aureobasidiaceae (17.6%), Nectriaceae (5.9%) and Sporomiaceae (17.6%) from the phylloplane (leaf) and caulosphere (stem) of the tree. Endophytes were identified using genomic DNA extraction, PCR amplification and sequencing the internal transcribed spacer regions, whereas a detailed phylogenetic analysis of the same gene fragment was made with homologous sequences...
2016: PloS One
Federica Pollastro, Samantha Golin, Giuseppina Chianese, Masteria Yunovilsa Putra, Aniello Schiano Moriello, Luciano De Petrocellis, Victor García, Eduardo Munoz, Orazio Taglialatela-Scafati, Giovanni Appendino
An expeditious isolation method for the cembrane diterpene alcohols incensol (1a) and serratol (2) has been developed from respectively African and Indian frankincense. The two native alcohols and a series of semisynthetic derivatives of incensol were evaluated for transient receptor potential vanilloid 3 (TRPV3) activation and the inhibition of NF-κB, the putative molecular targets underlying the psychotropic and anti-inflammatory activities of incensol acetate (IA, 1b). Serratol (2) was the most potent TRPV3 activator, outperforming by 2 orders of magnitude the reference agonist thymol and by 1 order of magnitude incensol acetate (1b)...
July 22, 2016: Journal of Natural Products
Yan Jiang, Hanjie Xu, Jiafei Wang
Alantolactone is the active ingredient in frankincense, and is extracted from the dry root of elecampane. It has a wide variety of uses, including as an insect repellent, antibacterial, antidiuretic, analgesic and anticancer agent. In addition, alantolactone induces apoptosis of human cervical cancer cells, however, its mechanism of action remains to be elucidated. Therefore, the present study investigated whether alantolactone was able to induce apoptosis of human cervical cancer cells, and its potential mechanisms of action were analyzed...
June 2016: Oncology Letters
Tsung-Jung Ho, Shinn-Jong Jiang, Guang-Huey Lin, Tzong Shiun Li, Lih-Ming Yiin, Jai-Sing Yang, Ming-Chuan Hsieh, Chun-Chang Wu, Jaung-Geng Lin, Hao-Ping Chen
"Jinchuang ointment" is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine complex for treatment of incised wounds. For more than ten years, it has been used at China Medical University Hospital (Taichung, Taiwan) for the treatment of diabetic foot infections and decubitus ulcers. Three different cases are presented in this study. "Jinchuang" ointment is a mixture of natural product complexes from nine different components, making it difficult to analyze its exact chemical compositions. To further characterize the herbal ingredients used in this study, the contents of reference standards present in a subset of the ointment ingredients (dragon's blood, catechu, frankincense, and myrrh) were determined by HPLC...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Xiaowen Jiang, Jun Ma, Qingwei Wei, Xinxin Feng, Lu Qiao, Lin Liu, Binqing Zhang, Wenhui Yu
This study investigated the effect of frankincense extract on peripheral nerve regeneration in a crush injury rat model. Forty-eight Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups: control and frankincense extract low-, medium-, and high-dose groups. At days 7, 14, 21, and 28 following the surgery, nerve regeneration and functional recovery were evaluated using the sciatic functional index (SFI), expression of GAP-43, and the proliferation of Schwann cells (SCs) in vivo and in vitro. At day 7, the SFI in the frankincense extract high-dose group was significantly improved compared with the control group...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Hiroko-Miyuki Mori, Hideo Iwahashi
Inappropriate use of essential oils may entail risks to human health due to mutational events, carcinogenic effects, genetic damages and sensitizing effect caused by generation of reactive oxygen species. In order to detect radicals that are expected to form during their oxidation, we measured the electron spin resonance (ESR) spectra of a standard reaction mixture (I) containing 25 μM flavin mononucleotide, 0.018% several essential oils (or 0.015% geraniol), 1.9 M acetonitrile, 20 mM phosphate buffer (pH 7...
June 2016: Free Radical Research
Ali Ridha Mustafa Al-Yasiry, Bożena Kiczorowska
Recently, increasing interest in natural dietary and therapeutic preparations used as dietary supplements has been observed. One of them is frankincense. This traditional medicine of the East is believed to have anti-inflammatory, expectorant, antiseptic, and even anxiolytic and anti-neurotic effects. The present study aims to verify the reported therapeutic properties of Boswellia resin and describe its chemical composition based on available scientific studies. The main component of frankincense is oil (60%)...
2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
Jürgen Meins, Christian Artaria, Antonella Riva, Paolo Morazzoni, Manfred Schubert-Zsilavecz, Mona Abdel-Tawab
In consideration of the increasing popularity of frankincense and the widely published quality problems associated with botanical dietary supplements, a survey was conducted for the first time on the quality of frankincense containing botanical dietary supplements. Six US products representing 78 % of the units sold and 70 % of the market value, and 11 European products representing 30 % of the units sold and 40 % of the market value were tested for their boswellic acid composition profile, label compliance, and claimed health benefits...
April 2016: Planta Medica
Johannes Niebler, Jason Eslamieh, Andrea Buettner
In this second part of the investigation of volatiles and semivolatiles in Boswellia gum resins, an additional five less common species were analyzed by (SPME-)GC/MS, namely B. ameero, B. elongata, B. neglecta, B. popoviana, and B. rivae. Moreover, the results of hybridization experiments are reported in combination with the volatile composition of their gum resins. Our study shows that B. sacra benefits from an intraspecific cross-pollination, as the resulting hybrid B. sacra var. supersacra has a far higher seed germination rate and viability...
May 2016: Chemistry & Biodiversity
Johannes Niebler, Andrea Buettner
The genus Boswellia comprises many species which are famous for their production of frankincense, a fragrant gum resin. In the published literature, manifold studies on the volatiles and semivolatiles in individual samples of these gum resins exist, yet very few studies have investigated multiple samples. Contradictory results with regard to the volatile composition exist in literature. In this first part of the study, a large sample set (n = 46) of mostly commercially obtained gum resins and essential oils was investigated by solid-phase microextraction gas chromatography/mass spectrometry...
May 2016: Chemistry & Biodiversity
Johannes Niebler, Katharina Zhuravlova, Mirjana Minceva, Andrea Buettner
In a previous study, two highly potent yet unidentified odorants were detected that were present at trace levels in the volatile fraction of Boswellia sacra gum resin. These two compounds were isolated semipreparatively from the volatile oil by a sensory-guided fractionation process involving microscale bulb-to-bulb distillation, countercurrent chromatography, and preparative gas chromatography. In this manner, the two oxygenated sesquiterpenes could be identified as rotundone (1) and mustakone (2). Compound 2 is described for the first time as a potent odorant with a very low odor threshold...
April 22, 2016: Journal of Natural Products
Yikai Zhang, Jing Jia, Yi Ding, Yongzheng Ma, Peijin Shang, Tianlong Liu, Guangfei Hui, Lin Wang, Mingming Wang, Zhihui Zhu, Yuwen Li, Aidong Wen
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the gastroprotective properties of alpha-boswellic acid (α-BA), a pentacyclic triterpene compound from extracts of Frankincense. METHODS: The gastroprotection of α-BA was assessed with ethanol-induced gastric lesions model, by histopathological assessment and measuring gastric juice acidity (pH), gastric wall mucus (GWM), prostaglandins E2 (PGE-2), membrane lipids peroxidation (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, catalase (CAT) activity and amount of nitric oxide (NO)...
April 2016: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Jeannie Dyer, Lise Cleary, Sara McNeill, Maxine Ragsdale-Lowe, Caroline Osland
To document the use of aromasticks to facilitate sleep in a cancer centre in the UK. Sleep disturbance is a common problem amongst patients diagnosed with cancer. Essential oils may be inhaled by means of an aromastick (a personal inhaler device containing essential oils) as a means of improving sleep. A prospective audit of aromasticks given to help facilitate sleep. Sixty-five aromasticks were given out over a 13 week period. 94% of patients reported that they did use their aromastick to help them sleep and 92% reported that they would continue to do so...
February 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Xiao-Jun Li, Yan-Jing Yang, Yu-Sang Li, Wei Kevin Zhang, He-Bin Tang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Frankincense oil and water extracts (FOE, FWE) have long been used for external treatment of inflammation and pain. The present study was conducted to identify the active ingredients responsible for the anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects and to determine the underlying mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The compositions of FOE and FWE were identified and compared by GC-MS. The anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities of the two extracts and their possible active ingredients (α-pinene, linalool, and 1-octanol) were evaluated and compared in a xylene-induced ear edema model and a formalin-inflamed hind paw model...
February 17, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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