keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

shock diagnosis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456340/acute-febrile-encephalopathy-in-children-a-prospective-study-of-clinical-features-etiology-mortality-and-risk-factors-from-western-india
#1
Kirti Gupta, Charul S Purani, Anirban Mandal, Amitabh Singh
Introduction: Acute febrile encephalopathy (AFE) in children is a medical emergency and could be a manifestation of many systemic and central nervous system pathologies. The clinical features of AFE are nonspecific and etiological spectrum variable depending on the studied population. Materials and Methods: A prospective, observational study was carried out including children aged between 1 month and 12 years with AFE admitted to the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit of a tertiary care hospital in Western India...
January 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455711/evaluation-of-the-benefits-of-de-escalation-for-patients-with-sepsis-in-the-emergency-intensive-care-unit
#2
Takahiro Niimura, Yoshito Zamami, Toru Imai, Kanako Nagao, Masafumi Kayano, Hidenori Sagara, Mitsuhiro Goda, Naoto Okada, Masayuki Chuma, Kenshi Takechi, Masaki Imanishi, Toshihiro Koyama, Tadashi Koga, Hironori Nakura, Toshiaki Sendo, Keisuke Ishizawa
PURPOSE: Although the 2016 Japanese guidelines for the management of sepsis recommend de-escalation of treatment after identification of the causative pathogen, adherence to this practice remain unknown. The objective of this study was to evaluate the benefits of de-escalating treatment for sepsis patients at an advanced critical care and emergency medical centre. METHODS: Based on electronic patient information, 85 patients who were transported to the centre by ambulance, and diagnosed with sepsis between January 2008 and September 2013 were enrolled and evaluated...
2018: Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences: a Publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447109/sepsis-2018-definitions-and-guideline-changes
#3
Lena M Napolitano
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is a global healthcare issue and continues to be the leading cause of death from infection. Early recognition and diagnosis of sepsis is required to prevent the transition into septic shock, which is associated with a mortality rate of 40% or more. DISCUSSION: New definitions for sepsis and septic shock (Third International Consensus Definitions for Sepsis and Septic Shock [Sepsis-3]) have been developed. A new screening tool for sepsis (quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment [qSOFA]) has been proposed to predict the likelihood of poor outcome in out-of-intensive care unit (ICU) patients with clinical suspicion of sepsis...
February 2018: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446472/hantavirus-induced-cardiopulmonary-syndrome-a-public-health-concern
#4
REVIEW
Sibghat Tul Llah, Sheema Mir, Sumaiya Sharif, Salman Khan, Mohammed A Mir
Hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome is characterized by pulmonary capillary leakage and alveolar flooding, resulting in 50% mortality due to fulminant hypoxic respiratory failure. In addition, depression of cardiac function ensues, which complicates the picture with cardiogenic shock. Early diagnosis and appropriate use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) are amongst the lifesaving interventions in this fatal illness. However, a recent case report demonstrates that implementation of high volume continuous hemofilteration along with protective ventilation reverses the cardiogenic shock within few hours in hantavirus infected patients...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443759/a-traumatic-hepatic-artery-pseudoaneurysm-and-arterioportal-fistula-with-severe-diarrhea-as-the-first-symptom-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Ping Han, Lan Yang, Xiao-Wei Huang, Xiu-Qin Zhu, Li Chen, Nan Wang, Zhen Li, De-An Tian, Hua Qin
RATIONALE: Hepaticarterioportal fistula (APF) is a rare cause of portal hypertension and gastrointestinal hemorrhage, and presents as abnormal communication between the hepatic artery and portal vein. Percutaneous liver biopsy is a main iatrogenic cause of AFP. However, non-iatrogenic, abdominal, trauma-related APF is rarely reported. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 29-year-old man presenting with severe, watery diarrhea was transferred to our hospital, and his condition was suspected to be acute gastroenteritis because he ate expired food and suffered a penetrating abdominal stab wound 5 years ago...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440235/do-patients-with-blunt-thoracic-aortic-injury-present-to-hospital-with-unstable-vital-signs-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Jordan Bade-Boon, Joseph K Mathew, Mark C Fitzgerald, Biswadev Mitra
BACKGROUND: Blunt thoracic aortic injury (BTAI) is an uncommon diagnosis, usually developing as a consequence of high-impact acceleration-deceleration mechanisms. Timely diagnosis may enable early resuscitation and reduction of shear forces, essential to prevent worsening of the injury prior to definitive management. Death is commonly due to haemorrhagic shock, but clinical features may be absent until sudden and massive haemorrhage. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to determine the proportion of patients with BTAI who present with unstable vital signs...
February 9, 2018: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437805/food-protein-induced-enterocolitis-syndrome-a-challenging-diagnosis
#7
Andreia Ribeiro, Diana Moreira, Cristina Costa, Isabel Pinto Pais
Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is a non-IgE-mediated gastrointestinal food hypersensitivity triggered by food proteins. It may present acutely, with repetitive vomiting, diarrhoea and lethargy leading to dehydration and eventually shock or insidiously with intermittent emesis, chronic diarrhoea or failure to thrive. We describe a paediatric male patient with recurrent sepsis-like episodes of fever, lethargy, ashen-grey skin colouration and vomiting followed by diarrhoea. These episodes were triggered by cow's milk formula and grains...
February 8, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435640/feasibility-and-safety-of-outpatient-cardiac-catheterization-with-intracoronary-acetylcholine-provocation-test
#8
Yuichi Saito, Hideki Kitahara, Toshihiro Shoji, Satoshi Tokimasa, Takashi Nakayama, Kazumasa Sugimoto, Yoshihide Fujimoto, Yoshio Kobayashi
Intracoronary acetylcholine (ACh) provocation test is useful to diagnose vasospastic angina. Although outpatient coronary angiography has been widely performed in current clinical settings, the feasibility and safety of ACh provocation test in outpatient services are unclear. A total of 323 patients, who electively underwent ACh provocation test in hospitalization and outpatient services, were included. Coronary angiography was performed after insertion of a temporary pacing electrode in the right ventricle...
February 12, 2018: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435167/pentraxin-3-procalcitonin-and-lactate-as-prognostic-markers-in-patients-with-sepsis-and-septic-shock
#9
Chenggong Hu, Yongfang Zhou, Chang Liu, Yan Kang
The purpose of this study was to confirm the prognostic value of pentraxin-3 (PTX3), procalcitonin (PCT) and lactate in patients with severe infections requiring ICU management and to develop and validate a model to enhance mortality prediction by combining severity scores with biomarkers. We included 141 patients with the diagnosis of sepsis/septic shock. The levels of PTX3, PCT and lactate were measured on day 0, 3, 7 of hospitalization and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) scores were also evaluated...
January 12, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429446/congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia-due-to-21-hydroxylase-deficiency-in-south-africa
#10
Y Ganie, C Aldous, Y Balakrishna, R Wiersma
BACKGROUND: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) caused by deficiency of the 21-hydoxylase (21-OH) enzyme is the most common form of CAH worldwide. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of CAH due to 21-OH deficiency, and its clinical presentation and biochemical profiles in affected children. METHODS: We performed a retrospective subset analysis of 44 children with confirmed CAH. RESULTS: All the children had classic CAH...
February 1, 2018: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426837/association-of-cd14-rs2569190-polymorphism-with-mortality-in-shock-septic-patients-who-underwent-major-cardiac-or-abdominal-surgery-a-retrospective-study
#11
María Ángeles Jiménez-Sousa, Pilar Liu, Luz María Medrano, Amanda Fernández-Rodríguez, Raquel Almansa, Esther Gómez-Sánchez, Lucía Rico, Mario Lorenzo, Alejandra Fadrique, Eduardo Tamayo, Salvador Resino
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the CD14 rs2569190 polymorphism and death related to septic shock in white European patients who underwent major cardiac or abdominal surgery. We carried out a retrospective study in 205 septic shock patients. The septic shock diagnosis was established by international consensus definitions. The outcome variable was the death within 28, 60 and 90 days after septic shock diagnosis. The CD14 rs2569190 polymorphism was analyzed by Agena Bioscience's MassARRAY platform...
February 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421012/clinical-features-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-type-2-myocardial-infarction-insights-from-the-thrombin-receptor-antagonist-for-clinical-event-reduction-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-tracer-trial
#12
Patrícia O Guimarães, Sergio Leonardi, Zhen Huang, Lars Wallentin, Frans Van de Werf, Philip E Aylward, Claes Held, Robert A Harrington, David J Moliterno, Paul W Armstrong, Harvey D White, Karen P Alexander, Renato D Lopes, Kenneth W Mahaffey, Pierluigi Tricoci
BACKGROUND: Type 2 myocardial infarction (MI) is characterized by an imbalance between myocardial blood supply and demand, leading to myocardial ischemia without coronary plaque rupture, but its diagnosis is challenging. METHODS: In the TRACER trial, patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes were included. We aimed to describe provoking factors, cardiac biomarker profiles, treatment patterns, and clinical outcomes of patients with type 2 MIs...
February 2018: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417246/necrotizing-soft-tissue-infections-at-a-tertiary-referral-hospital-in-rwanda-epidemiology-and-risk-factors-for-mortality
#13
Christophe Mpirimbanyi, Jennifer Rickard, Charles Furaha, Faustin Ntirenganya
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing soft tissue infections (NSTI) are emergency surgical conditions with severe physiologic and metabolic derangement. These infections are associated with increased rates of mortality and morbidity worldwide, particularly in developing countries if not diagnosed and treated early. METHODS: This prospective, observational cohort study includes all patients aged 12 and above who presented at Department of Surgery, University Teaching Hospital of Kigali from April 2016 to January 2017 with NSTI...
February 7, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410688/management-and-outcome-of-heterotopic-interstitial-pregnancy-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#14
REVIEW
Wendy Dendas, Jean-Christophe Schobbens, Greet Mestdagh, Liesbeth Meylaerts, Geert Verswijvel, Caroline Van Holsbeke
Objective: To report a case of heterotopic interstitial pregnancy after in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET), presenting with a second trimester uterine rupture. To review the clinical presentations, risk factors, treatment options, and outcome of heterotopic interstitial pregnancies. Methods: We describe the clinical presentation, management, and outcome of a patient with a heterotopic interstitial pregnancy, diagnosed following second trimester rupture of the interstitial pregnancy...
August 2017: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409744/prognostic-implications-of-a-negative-echocardiography-in-patients-with-infective-endocarditis
#15
Lourdes Vicent, Hugo González Saldivar, Emilio Bouza, Patricia Muñoz, Gregorio Cuerpo, Aristides de Alarcón, Bárbara Vidal, Manuel Cobo, Miguel Ángel Goenaga, Fernando Carrasco-Chinchilla, Miguel Montejo, Juan Gálvez-Acebal, Carmen Hidalgo-Tenorio, David Vinuesa-García, Manuel Martínez-Sellés
BACKGROUND: Echocardiography plays an important role in infective endocarditis (IE) diagnosis according with the modified Duke criteria. We evaluated the implications of a positive echocardiography in the prognosis of a cohort of patients with IE. METHODS: Prospective multicentre study in 31 Spanish centres. From January 2008 to September 2016, 3467 patients were included (2765 definite IE, 702 possible IE). The main outcome was in-hospital mortality. Echocardiography diagnosis was based on modified Duke criteria for the diagnosis of IE...
February 3, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409389/weaning-adult-patients-with-cardiogenic-shock-on-veno-arterial-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-by-pump-controlled-retrograde-trial-off
#16
Lowell Ling, Kai Man Chan
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of consensus on the timing of veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) liberation. VA-ECMO weaning usually consists of serial decrements until an idling flow is achieved, supported by echocardiographic and haemodynamic assessments. Even with minimal idling flow, right ventricular (RV) preload is reduced and, hence, right heart function is not fully tested under adequate loading conditions. Following the use of a novel technique called Pump Controlled Retrograde Trial Off (PCRTO) in neonate VA-ECMO weaning, we report the use of this technique in seven adult patients on VA-ECMO...
February 1, 2018: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406420/reporting-of-sepsis-cases-for-performance-measurement-versus-for-reimbursement-in-new-york-state
#17
Hallie C Prescott, Tara M Cope, Foster C Gesten, Tatiana A Ledneva, Marcus E Friedrich, Theodore J Iwashyna, Tiffany M Osborn, Christopher W Seymour, Mitchell M Levy
OBJECTIVES: Under "Rory's Regulations," New York State Article 28 acute care hospitals were mandated to implement sepsis protocols and report patient-level data. This study sought to determine how well cases reported under state mandate align with discharge records in a statewide administrative database. DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING: First 27 months of mandated sepsis reporting (April 1, 2014, to June 30, 2016). PATIENTS: Hospitalizations with sepsis at New York State Article 28 acute care hospitals...
February 5, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405773/brain-infarction-due-to-vertebral-artery-dissection-caused-by-a-bone-protrusion-from-the-condylar-fossa-in-a-juvenile-case
#18
Mutsumi Fujii, Miki Ohgushi, Takaaki Chin
A 16-year-old boy presented with multiple posterior circulation ischemic strokes resulting from vertebral artery (VA) dissection. Three-dimensional computed tomography showed aberrant sub-occipital bone protuberance, proximal to the VA dissection. Since the patient was a habitual neck cracker, VA dissection was thought to result from the impact shock of the rotational head movement. This could be due to either the osseous prominence or the compression between the prominence and the C1. Although it is a rare etiology of Bow Hunter's syndrome, VA dissection due to sub-occipital bone spur because of neck cracking should be considered in the diagnosis of Bow Hunter's syndrome in juvenile patients...
February 6, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404312/advances-in-diagnosis-and-management-of-hemodynamic-instability-in-neonatal-shock
#19
REVIEW
Yogen Singh, Anup C Katheria, Farha Vora
Shock in newborn infants has unique etiopathologic origins that require careful assessment to direct specific interventions. Early diagnosis is key to successful management. Unlike adults and pediatric patients, shock in newborn infants is often recognized in the uncompensated phase by the presence of hypotension, which may be too late. The routine methods of evaluation used in the adult and pediatric population are often invasive and less feasible. We aim to discuss the pathophysiology in shock in newborn infants, including the transitional changes at birth and unique features that contribute to the challenges in early identification...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403294/timing-of-antibiotic-administration-and-lactate-measurement-in-septic-shock-patients-a-comparison-between-hospital-wards-and-the-emergency-department
#20
Veerapong Vattanavanit, Theerapat Buppodom, Bodin Khwannimit
Background: The timing of intravenous antibiotic administration and lactate measurement is associated with survival of septic shock patients. Septic shock patients were admitted to the medical intensive care unit (MICU) from 2 major sources: hospital ward and emergency department (ED). This study aimed to compare the timing of antibiotic administration and lactate measurement between hospital wards and the ED. Patients and methods: Medical data were collected from adult patients admitted to the MICU with septic shock from January 2015 to December 2016...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
keyword
keyword
69691
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"