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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433964/ethical-management-of-substance-use-disorders-the-indian-scenario
#1
Arpit Parmar, Vaibhav Patil, Siddharth Sarkar
Substance use disorders are among the most prevalent and emergent public health problems in India. The treatment of individuals with these disorders is associated with many ethical dilemmas. Due to the pervasiveness of substance use disorders, the majority of mental health professionals working in the area of addiction medicine face several ethical dilemmas. When discussing substance use disorders, it must be borne in mind that there are important differences between India and the western countries in terms of the social and cultural aspects, as well as the legislative framework and healthcare delivery system...
April 4, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430567/how-should-clinicians-respond-to-medical-requests-from-clinician-family-members-of-patients
#2
Andrew Thurston
In the medical profession, receiving a request for medical management from a colleague is a routine experience. However, when the colleague is a family member of a patient and the desired or requested medical intervention is not medically indicated in the attending physician's view, the situation becomes more complicated. Ethical issues include respect for patient autonomy and social justice as well as nonmaleficence. Furthermore, interpersonal and professional relationships may be tested in this situation...
April 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421684/navigating-the-rolling-hills-of-justice-mental-disabilities-employment-and-the-evolving-jurisprudence-of-the-americans-with-disabilities-act
#3
Lauren Wylonis, Nina T Wylonis, Robert Sadoff
Mental illness and disability affect millions of individuals yearly in the U.S. The most important legislation protecting the mentally disabled in the workplace in the U.S. over the last half century has been the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and its associated legislation and guidance. Although the employee should first request reasonable accommodation with the employer, evaluation by a mental health professional is one of the initial steps for individuals who report significant psychiatric symptoms that are impairing their functioning at work in the U...
March 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419529/critical-discourse-analysis-of-social-justice-in-nursing-s-foundational-documents
#4
Claire P Valderama-Wallace
OBJECTIVE: Social inequities threaten the health of the global population. A superficial acknowledgement of social justice by nursing's foundational documents may limit the degree to which nurses view injustice as relevant to nursing practice and education. The purpose was to examine conceptualizations of social justice and connections to broader contexts in the most recent editions. DESIGN: Critical discourse analysis examines and uncovers dynamics related to power, language, and inequality within the American Nurses Association's Code of Ethics, Scope and Standards of Practice, and Social Policy Statement...
April 17, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409709/the-lived-experience-of-help-seeking-by-south-african-women-after-sexual-assault
#5
Sheila Young Steinbrenner, Celeste Shawler, Sandra Ferreira, Claire Draucker
The purpose of this study was to explore the lived experience of help-seeking by South African women following sexual assault. Hermeneutic phenomenology guided the study. Interviews were conducted with six women who had experienced sexual assault at some point in their lives. Three venues were most significant to women's help-seeking experiences: the criminal justice system, health care facilities, and/or social service agencies. Essentially, the women's help-seeking experiences in these three venues are best described as fraught justice-seeking, pragmatic help-seeking, and desperate help-seeking...
May 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409260/the-impact-of-teen-court-on-rural-adolescents-improved-social-relationships-psychological-functioning-and-school-experiences
#6
Paul R Smokowski, Roderick A Rose, Caroline B R Evans, James Barbee, Katie L Cotter, Meredith Bower
Teen Court is a prevention program aimed at diverting first time juvenile offenders from the traditional juvenile justice system and reintegrating them into the community. Few studies have examined if Teen Court impacts adolescent functioning. We examined how Teen Court participation impacted psychosocial functioning, social relationships, and school experiences in a sample of 392 rural Teen Court participants relative to two comparison samples, one from the same county as Teen Court (n = 4276) and one from a neighboring county (n = 3584)...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403860/the-social-accountability-of-doctors-a-relationship-based-framework-for-understanding-emergent-community-concepts-of-caring
#7
Lionel P Green-Thompson, Patricia McInerney, Bob Woollard
BACKGROUND: Social accountability is defined as the responsibility of institutions to respond to the health priorities of a community. There is an international movement towards the education of health professionals who are accountable to communities. There is little evidence of how communities experience or articulate this accountability. METHODS: In this grounded theory study eight community based focus group discussions were conducted in rural and urban South Africa to explore community members' perceptions of the social accountability of doctors...
April 12, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403844/health-and-legal-literacy-for-migrants-twinned-strands-woven-in-the-cloth-of-social-justice-and-the-human-right-to-health-care
#8
Bilkis Vissandjée, Wendy E Short, Karine Bates
BACKGROUND: Based on an analysis of published literature, this paper provides an over-view of the challenges associated with delivering on the right to access quality health care for international migrants to industrialized countries, and asks which group of professionals is best equipped to provide services that increase health and legal literacy. Both rights and challenges are approached from a social justice perspective with the aim of identifying opportunities to promote greater health equity...
April 13, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403736/make-health-and-safety-a-part-of-global-struggles-against-imperialism-racism-and-other-oppressions
#9
Deborah Deeg Gold
Deborah "Deeg" Gold was presented in November 2016 with the Alice Hamilton Award of the Occupational Health and Safety Section of the American Public Health Association. Deeg worked for more than 20 years for the California Division of Occupational Safety and Health (Cal/OSHA) as a field compliance officer, senior industrial hygienist, and then became the agency's Deputy Chief for Health. Prior to joining Cal/OSHA, Deeg Gold was a rank-and-file worker health and safety activist in her union. She is also an activist on many social justice issues, including opposing the death penalty and is a queer activist...
May 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403499/psychische-belastungsfaktoren-in-der-arbeitswelt-modelle-und-pr%C3%A3-vention
#10
Florian Junne, Monika Rieger, Martina Michaelis, Christoph Nikendei, Harald Gündel, Stephan Zipfel, Eva Rothermund
Psycho-mental stressors and increased perceived stress in workplace settings may determine the onset and course of stress-related mental and psychosomatic disorders. For the description of psycho-mental stressors three distinct models have widely been used in the analyses of the matter: the Demand-Control-Model by Karasek and Theorell, the Effort-Reward-Imbalance Model by Siegrist, and the Model of Organisational Justice.The interactional or social dimension in work-place settings can be seen as a cross-sectional dimension to the above mentioned models...
April 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402827/structural-racism-and-health-inequities-in-the-usa-evidence-and-interventions
#11
REVIEW
Zinzi D Bailey, Nancy Krieger, Madina Agénor, Jasmine Graves, Natalia Linos, Mary T Bassett
Despite growing interest in understanding how social factors drive poor health outcomes, many academics, policy makers, scientists, elected officials, journalists, and others responsible for defining and responding to the public discourse remain reluctant to identify racism as a root cause of racial health inequities. In this conceptual report, the third in a Series on equity and equality in health in the USA, we use a contemporary and historical perspective to discuss research and interventions that grapple with the implications of what is known as structural racism on population health and health inequities...
April 8, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397033/a-grassroots-community-dialogue-on-the-ethics-of-the-care-of-people-with-autism-and-their-families-the-stony-brook-guidelines
#12
Stephen G Post, John Pomeroy, Carla Keirns, Virginia Isaacs Cover, Michael Leverett Dorn
The increased recognition and reported prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) combined with the associated societal and clinical impact call for a broad grassroots community-based dialogue on treatment related ethical and social issues. In these Stony Brook Guidelines, which were developed during a full year of community dialogue (2010-2011) with affected individuals, families, and professionals in the field, we identify and discuss topics of paramount concern to the ASD constituency: treatment goals and happiness, distributive justice, managing the desperate hopes for a cure, sibling responsibilities, intimacy and sex, diagnostic ethics, and research ethics...
April 10, 2017: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395047/social-justice-and-civil-rights-a-call-to-action-for-social-work
#13
Tricia B Bent-Goodley, June Gary Hopps
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395045/the-school-to-prison-pipeline-a-primer-for-social-workers
#14
Susan McCarter
The school-to-prison pipeline (STPP) refers to a path from the education system to the juvenile or adult criminal justice system. Over the past two decades, this path has grown significantly, and scholars attribute a myriad of contributing factors to this increase. Each factor has its own impact and consequences, which are covered in detail based on an extensive literature review and macro practice through Race Matters for Juvenile Justice. Prior to the STPP concept, education had largely been considered a protective factor for children and a route to success as opposed to a risk factor or track toward juvenile justice involvement...
January 1, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395038/the-evolving-politics-of-race-and-social-work-activism-a-call-across-borders
#15
Daphne Jeyapal
Social work has engaged with and led the revolutionary social movements of the past century. Yet today, as activism by and for racial others unfolds across the United States and Canada, our discipline remains largely silent. This article considers new ways for social workers to conceptualize social work activism, challenge the existing erasures within the profession, and construct innovative strategies to locate social work within the critical social movements of our time. Recognizing the continuity of histories of colonialism, slavery, and genocide, the author argues that social workers must engage with racialized communities' resistance through their legacy of exclusion and displacement...
January 1, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395037/moral-panic-and-social-justice-a-guide-for-analyzing-social-problems
#16
Michael H Eversman, Jason D P Bird
Professional social work has long been concerned with social justice, social policy, and the relationship between social treatment and social control. However, at times, potential threats to social cohesion become exaggerated in the service of supporting suppressive policies. British sociologist Stanley Cohen referred to such periods as moral panics, which assign unwarranted blame and stigma to sociopolitically weaker, unpopular groups. By constructing those associated with a given social problem as deviant and downplaying underlying structural causes, moral panics foster the enactment of social policies that entrench social disparity and injustice...
January 1, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395036/a-just-sense-of-well-being-social-work-s-unifying-purpose-in-action
#17
Elizabeth King Keenan, Christine Limone, Silvia L Sandoval
For over a century the social work profession has had a dual purpose, to promote both human well-being and social justice, but we have not found research that explores how social workers understand and work toward both purposes across multiple practice roles and settings. Authors of this article conducted qualitative research to examine how 18 social workers in various roles and settings understand and implement both purposes in their practice. Instead of a dual purpose, participants described a unifying purpose: a "just sense of well-being" that transcends role and setting...
January 1, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395035/historical-oppression-resilience-and-transcendence-can-a-holistic-framework-help-explain-violence-experienced-by-indigenous-people
#18
Catherine Elizabeth Burnette, Charles R Figley
Although all minorities experience inequalities, indigenous peoples in the United States tend to experience the most severe violent victimization. Until now, an organizing framework to explain or address the disproportionate rates of violent victimization was absent. Thus, the purpose of this conceptual article is to (a) introduce the concept of historical oppression, expanding the concept of historical trauma to make it inclusive of contemporary oppression; (b) describe the framework of historical oppression, resilience, and transcendence, which draws from distinct but related theoretical frameworks (that is, critical theory and resilience theory); and (c) apply the framework of historical oppression, resilience, and transcendence to the problem of violence against indigenous women...
January 1, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392599/a-call-to-promote-healthcare-justice-a-summary-of-integrated-outpatient-clinics-exemplifying-principles-of-catholic-social-teaching
#19
Nicole P Waters, Trenton Schmale, Allison Goetz, Jason T Eberl, Jessica H Wells
There is an urgent need to promote healthcare justice for patients as well as members of the healthcare team including physicians. In this article, we explain how principles of Catholic social teaching (i.e., dignity of the individual, common good, destination of goods, solidarity, and subsidiarity) are applied to health care, by featuring various types of outpatient clinics including free, charitable-direct primary care, hybrid, federally qualified health center, and rural health clinic. We describe how attempts have been made to improve the quality and access of health care by creating new medical schools (i...
February 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392590/health-care-s-ills-a-catholic-diagnosis
#20
Angus Sibley
Catholic teaching is emphatic on the need to "guarantee adequate [health] care to all," as Pope Benedict XVI has stated. America has been slower than other advanced countries in progressing towards this goal. Reasons for this delay can be found in certain attitudes that have long been present in American culture, and have been reinforced by the wave of libertarianism (free-market ideology) that swept the world in the late twentieth century. Catholic theology and social/economic teaching can help us understand the flaws in these attitudes, which involve fundamental philosophical and theological principles, but which are far from academic, since they have serious and very practical consequences...
November 2016: Linacre Quarterly
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