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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785805/fairness-severe-intellectual-disability-and-the-special-case-of-transplantation
#1
REVIEW
Aaron Wightman, Aviva Goldberg, Douglas Diekema
Children with severe intellectual disability have historically been excluded from solid organ transplantation. The purpose of this article was to review the arguments for excluding this population, including claims of poorer recipient and graft survival, a lower QoL as pediatric recipients become adults, and poorer outcomes for other, more deserving pediatric transplant candidates, and make the case that these arguments are no longer persuasive. We will argue that pediatric transplant centers for reasons of social justice, value of relationships, power differential, and fairness should generally not consider intellectual ability or disability as a criterion when making decisions regarding organ transplant eligibility...
May 21, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782576/self-represented-witnessing-the-use-of-social-media-by-asylum-seekers-in-australia-s-offshore-immigration-detention-centres
#2
Maria Rae, Rosa Holman, Amy Nethery
The act of witnessing connects audiences with distant suffering. But what happens when bearing witness becomes severely restricted? External parties, including the mainstream news media, are constrained from accessing Australia's offshore immigration detention centres. The effect is that people seeking asylum are hidden from the public and excluded from national debates. Some detainees have adopted social media as a platform to communicate their stories of flight, and their experiences of immigration detention, to a wider audience...
May 2018: Media, culture, and society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781968/infusing-social-justice-in-undergraduate-nursing-education-fostering-praxis-through-simulation
#3
Robyn Caldwell, Courtney Cochran
SCOPE OF THE PROBLEM: Forensic clinical experiences are often inconsistent in undergraduate nursing education. Nursing students are not included in the process of forensic evidence collection, often because of the sensitive nature of the situation. Unfortunately, nursing students are forced to rely on theoretical knowledge provided by the nurse educator to understand the complexities of forensic nursing care. Nursing students must be able to identify and provide appropriate nursing care for individuals in all forensic situations...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781967/qualitative-research-in-correctional-settings-researcher-bias-western-ideological-influences-and-social-justice
#4
Morgan Wadams, Tanya Park
Within correctional settings, justice, health, and academic systems overlap for forensic nurse researchers. Within an environment that stresses social control, a researcher's implicit views, perspectives, and biases can lead to altering the authentic (re)presentation of a participant's experience. Researcher bias may be influenced by predominately western ideologies and societal discourses. Qualitative methods to mitigate and raise awareness around researcher biases include bracketing, unstructured interviews, diverse peer review, thinking inductively, investigator responsiveness, and critical reflexivity...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781965/social-justice-and-forensic-nursing
#5
Alison M Colbert, Sr Rosemary Donley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781348/risk-factors-for-absconding-among-adult-parolees-in-colorado
#6
Ráchael A Powers, Catherine Kaukinen, Norair Khachatryan
Studies that have examined absconding have pointed to the relevance of factors related to demographics, situational, and social characteristics, as well as criminal history variables as predictive of offenders' decision to abscond. This study contributes to this literature by extending factors that have been explored for criminal justice outcomes such as recidivism to predict the likelihood of absconding. In particular, this study incorporates the Level of Service Inventory-Revised (LSI-R) risk assessment instrument and types of violations to examine their impact on the likelihood of absconding...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779253/community-based-native-seed-production-for-restoration-in-brazil-the-role-of-science-and-policy
#7
Isabel B Schmidt, Danilo I de Urzedo, Fatima C M Piña-Rodrigues, Daniel L M Vieira, Gustavo M de Rezende, Alexandre B Sampaio, Rodrigo G P Junqueira
Large-scale restoration programs in the tropics require large volumes of high quality, genetically diverse and locally adapted seeds from large number of species. However, scarcity of native seeds is a critical restriction to achieve restoration targets. In this paper, we analyze three successful community-based networks that supply native seeds and seedlings for Brazilian Amazon and Cerrado restoration projects. In addition, we propose directions to promote local participation, legal, technical and commercialization issues for upscaling the market of native seeds for restoration with high quality and social justice...
May 20, 2018: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776978/ethical-arguments-for-access-to-abortion-services-in-the-republic-of-ireland-recent-developments-in-the-public-discourse
#8
Joan McCarthy, Katherine O'Donnell, Louise Campbell, Dolores Dooley
The Republic of Ireland has some of the most restrictive abortion legislation in the world which grants to the 'unborn' an equal right to life to that of the pregnant woman. This article outlines recent developments in the public discourse on abortion in Ireland and explains the particular cultural and religious context that informs the ethical case for access to abortion services. Our perspective rests on respect for two very familiar moral principles - autonomy and justice - which are at the centre of social and democratic societies around the world...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768588/-run-the-risk-social-disadvantage-or-capability
#9
Luz Adriana Muñoz-Duque
This article discusses the notions of risk and risk acceptability from a social justice perspective, especially in light of the capability approach proposed by Amartya Sen. The article argues that risk can be the expression of restrictions on subjects' capabilities, deriving from social disadvantages that can be taken for granted in their daily realities. On the other hand, risk can be viewed as an expression of capability in cases where subjects have accepted or admitted the risk through the exercise of freedom, as long as the subjects that relate to the risk do so in keeping with their idea of a good life, the building of which implies the full development of capability for agency...
May 10, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764177/solidarity-and-compassion-prisoners-as-hospice-volunteers-in-poland
#10
Piotr Krakowiak, Renata Deka, Anna Janowicz
Democracy in Eastern Europe arrived after a long fight with a communist regime, and the activities of medical volunteers have been developing in opposition to the existing then in Poland mentality called Homo Sovieticus. From 1981 onwards the Polish Hospice Movement there was inspired by practitioners and international experiences brought by visits of Dr. Cicely Saunders. The history of modern end-of-life care in Poland was connected to caring communities, which could be called compassionate, because of the volunteering of all hospice team members...
April 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764107/the-global-health-policies-of-the-eu-and-its-member-states-a-common-vision
#11
Lies Steurs, Remco Van de Pas, Sarah Delputte, Jan Orbie
BACKGROUND: This article assesses the global health policies of the European Union (EU) and those of its individual member states. So far EU and public health scholars have paid little heed to this, despite the large budgets involved in this area. While the European Commission has attempted to define the 'EU role in Global Health' in 2010, member states are active in the domain of global health as well. Therefore, this article raises the question to what extent a common 'EU' vision on global health exists...
October 2, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762772/executive-orders-and-the-trump-administration-a-guide-for-social-workers
#12
Vicki Lens
With the election of Donald Trump, policies antithetical to our clients' well-being, in areas as diverse as criminal justice, the environment, health care, and immigration, are being proposed at a rapid rate. Many of these policies are being transmitted through executive orders (EOs), a mechanism for exercising executive power less familiar to social workers. This article analyzes EOs issued by the Trump administration during its first five months, describing their purpose, content, and potential for policy change...
May 14, 2018: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760025/association-of-the-social-determinants-of-health-with-quality-of-primary-care
#13
Alan Katz, Dan Chateau, Jennifer E Enns, Jeff Valdivia, Carole Taylor, Randy Walld, Scott McCulloch
PURPOSE: In primary care, there is increasing recognition of the difficulty of treating patients' immediate health concerns when their overall well-being is shaped by underlying social determinants of health. We assessed the association of social complexity factors with the quality of care patients received in primary care settings. METHODS: Eleven social complexity factors were defined using administrative data on poverty, mental health, newcomer status, and justice system involvement from the Manitoba Population Research Data Repository...
May 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758906/does-drought-always-cause-economic-losses-in-agriculture-an-empirical-investigation-on-the-distributive-effects-of-drought-events-in-some-areas-of-southern-europe
#14
Dario Antonino Musolino, Antonio Massarutto, Alessandro de Carli
Studies on the impacts of drought usually make the implicit assumption that there will always be a negative effect on the environment, the economy and society. However, other approaches, based for example on the framework provided by the consumer surplus theory, try to focus on the distributive effects of drought. In this paper, in the wake of such approaches, we address the question of the distributive effects of drought on agriculture, exploring and studying in depth the characteristics, the signs and the magnitude of the socio-economic impacts of droughts on specific significant agricultural areas in Europe...
August 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757116/social-marketing-nutrition-education-for-low-income-population
#15
Rachel Hagues, Sarah Stotz, Austin Childers, Joe Phua, Judy Hibbs, Deborah Murray, Jung Sun Lee
As access to healthy food (or lack thereof) could be considered a social justice issue, social workers should be concerned about this issue and willing to collaborate with colleagues of various disciplines to address it. This study was a formative evaluation conducted to understand best practices, recommendations, and feasibility of a social-marketing-based nutrition education program tailored to the needs of adults with limited income. The authors report findings from focus groups conducted with Cooperative Extension Agents (CEAs) and region coordinators (n = 45) and Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Education (SNAP-Ed) (n = 69) eligible participants to inform the development of a social marketing nutrition intervention for SNAP-Ed in Georgia...
May 14, 2018: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755249/the-feasibility-appropriateness-meaningfulness-and-effectiveness-of-parenting-and-family-support-programs-delivered-in-the-criminal-justice-system-a-systematic-review
#16
Victoria Troy, Kerri E McPherson, Carol Emslie, Elizabeth Gilchrist
Children whose parents are involved in the criminal justice system (CJS) are at increased risk of developing social, emotional, and behavioural difficulties and are more likely than their peers to become involved in the CJS themselves. Parenting behaviour and parent-child relationships have the potential to affect children's outcomes with positive parenting practices having the potential to moderate some of the negative outcomes associated with parental involvement in the CJS. However, many parents in the CJS may lack appropriate role models to support the development of positive parenting beliefs and practices...
2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753985/deliberations-about-a-perfect-storm-the-meaning-of-justice-for-food-energy-water-nexus-few-nexus
#17
Holger Schlör, Sandra Venghaus, Wiltrud Fischer, Carolin Märker, Jürgen-Friedrich Hake
The current global developments have the potential to cause a 'perfect storm' at the core of the Anthropocene: the Food-Energy-Water-Nexus. To discuss the ethical consequences of these developments, i.e., insufficient access to the life sustaining nexus resources, the analysis is focused on Rawls' theory of justice and its implementation in Germany with a special focus on the FEW nexus. Rawls stresses in his theory of justice the prominent meaning of institutions for a fair society to meet societal challenges and to meet the challenge of our time: a stable and just society...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746475/realization-of-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities-in-rwanda
#18
Janet Njelesani, Jenna Siegel, Emily Ullrich
This scoping study assessed the realization of the rights for persons with disabilities in Rwanda since the signing of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UN CRPD) in 2008. Underpinned by the five-stage framework of Arksey and O'Malley, the scoping study examined peer-reviewed literature published between 2008 and 2017. Nine electronic databases were searched using keywords specific to disability in Rwanda. Data were charted by three reviewers according to pre-determined and emergent categories...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740838/the-politics-of-ageing-health-consumers-markets-and-hegemonic-challenge
#19
Brian Salter, Charlotte Salter
In recent years ageing has travelled from the placid backwaters of politics into the mainstream of economic, social and cultural debate. What are the forces that have politicised ageing, creating a sustained opposition to the supply side hegemony of pharmaceuticals, medicine and state which has historically constructed, propagated and legitimised the understanding of ageing as decline in social worth? In addressing this question, the paper develops Gramsci's theory of hegemony to include the potentially disruptive demand side power of consumers and markets...
May 8, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736897/the-normalization-of-intersex-bodies-and-othering-of-intersex-identities-in-australia
#20
EDITORIAL
Morgan Carpenter
Once described as hermaphrodites and later as intersex people, individuals born with intersex variations are routinely subject to so-called "normalizing" medical interventions, often in childhood. Opposition to such practices has been met by attempts to discredit critics and reasserted clinical authority over the bodies of women and men with "disorders of sex development." However, claims of clinical consensus have been selectively constructed and applied and lack evidence. Limited transparency and lack of access to justice have helped to perpetuate forced interventions...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
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