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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203195/27-gauge-vitrectomy-for-symptomatic-vitreous-floaters-with-topical-anesthesia
#1
Zhong Lin, Nived Moonasar, Rong Han Wu, Robin R Seemongal-Dass
PURPOSE: Traditionally acceptable methods of anesthesia for vitrectomy surgery are quite varied. However, each of these methods has its own potential for complications that can range from minor to severe. The surgery procedure of vitrectomy for symptomatic vitreous floaters is much simpler, mainly reflecting in the nonuse of sclera indentation, photocoagulation, and the apparently short surgery duration. The use of 27-gauge cannulae makes the puncture of the sclera minimally invasive...
January 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161928/two-port-pars-plana-anterior-and-central-core-vitrectomy-lam-floaterectomy-in-combination-with-phacoemulsification-and-intraocular-lens-implantation-under-topical-anesthesia-for-patients-with-cataract-and-significant-floaters-results-of-the-first-50-consecutive
#2
Dennis S C Lam, Hiu Ying Leung, Shu Liu, Nishant Radke, Ye Yuan, Vincent Y W Lee
PURPOSE: To study the safety and efficacy of 2-port pars plana anterior and central core vitrectomy (Lam floaterectomy) in combination with phacoemulsification (phaco) and intraocular lens implantation (IOL) for patients with cataract and significant floaters under topical anesthesia. DESIGN: Retrospective review of the first 50 consecutive cases. METHODS: Astandardized treatment protocol was used for patients with cataract and significant (moderate to severe) floaters (duration > 3 months)...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161918/bowled-over-by-cricket-impact-of-tape-ball-injuries-on-the-eyes
#3
Salman Naveed Sadiq, Azam Ali, Bushra Usmani, Khabir Ahmad
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to describe the type and severity of tape-ball cricket-related eye injuries seen at a tertiary care hospital. DESIGN: A descriptive case series. METHODS: This study included all cases of tape-ball cricket-related eye injuries presenting to the Section of Ophthalmology, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from January 2014 to January 2015. RESULTS: A total of 20 patients with tape-ball cricket-related eye injuries were treated during this period...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160191/risk-factors-for-multiple-retinal-tears-in-patients-with-acute-posterior-vitreous-detachment
#4
Eyyup Karahan, Omer Karti, Duygu Er, Duygu Cam, Rukiye Aydın, Mehmet Ozgur Zengin, Suleyman Kaynak
PURPOSE: To evaluate possible risk factors for multiple retinal tears in patients with acute posterior vitreous detachment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three hundred and seventy-six consecutive patients presenting with symptoms of floaters and/or flashes were examined. The associations of retinal tears with the duration of symptoms, multiple floaters, flashing, a family history of retinal detachment, peripheral retinal degeneration, lens status, myopia, tobacco dust, and retinal or vitreous hemorrhage were analyzed...
February 3, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149378/the-influence-of-scoring-targets-and-outer-floaters-on-attacking-and-defending-team-dispersion-shape-and-creation-of-space-during-small-sided-soccer-games
#5
Julen Castellano, Pedro Silva, Oidui Usabiaga, Daniel Barreira
The effect of altered game formats on team performances during soccer practice can be harnessed by coaches to stimulate specific tactical behaviours. The aim of the present study was to analyse the influence of using (i) small goals [SG], (ii) goalkeepers [7G] and (iii) floaters [7GF] on the dispersion, shape and available space of teams during small-sided games (SSGs). Twenty-four male soccer players were distributed into four teams composed of five players, two goalkeepers and two floaters that performed six SSG bouts of 6 min, interspersed with 6 min of passive recovery...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141766/choroidal-nevus-a-review-of-prevalence-features-genetics-risks-and-outcomes
#6
Jason L Chien, Kareem Sioufi, Thamolwan Surakiatchanukul, Jerry A Shields, Carol L Shields
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the prevalence, clinical features, imaging findings, cytogenetics, and risks and outcomes of choroidal nevus. RECENT FINDINGS: Choroidal nevus is a benign melanocytic tumor, often discovered incidentally on ophthalmic examination. This lesion is generally well circumscribed and pigmented. The prevalence of choroidal nevus in postequatorial region in United States adults (≥40 years old) is approximately 5%. Choroidal nevus is associated with higher lifetime unopposed estrogen and greater BMI...
January 30, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101041/endophthalmitis-following-27-gauge-pars-plana-vitrectomy-for-vitreous-floaters
#7
Zhong Lin, Rong Han Wu, Nived Moonasar
PURPOSE: To report a case of Staphylococcus epidermidis endophthalmitis following 27-gauge pars plana vitrectomy for symptomatic vitreous floaters. METHODS: The clinical course and imaging findings, including fundus optomap, and spectral domain optical coherence tomography of a 24-year-old male patient were documented. RESULTS: The patient, with a preoperative best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of 1.0, developed endophthalmitis following 27-gauge pars plana vitrectomy for symptomatic vitreous floaters...
September 2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098315/a-ph-responsive-wormlike-micellar-system-of-a-noncovalent-interaction-based-surfactant-with-a-tunable-molecular-structure
#8
Wanli Kang, Pengxiang Wang, Haiming Fan, Hongbin Yang, Caili Dai, Xia Yin, Yilu Zhao, Shujun Guo
Responsive wormlike micelles are very useful in a number of applications, whereas it is still challenging to create dramatic viscosity changes in wormlike micellar systems. Here we developed a pH-responsive wormlike micellar system based on a noncovalent constructed surfactant, which is formed by the complexation of N-erucamidopropyl-N,N-dimethylamine (UC22AMPM) and citric acid at the molar ratio of 3 : 1 (EACA). The phase behavior, aggregate microstructure and viscoelasticity of EACA solutions were investigated by macroscopic appearance observation, rheological and cryo-TEM measurements...
January 18, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078989/a-comprehensive-review-of-mtor-inhibiting-pharmacotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-non-infectious-uveitis
#9
Joshua Blair, Robert Barry, David J Moore, Alastair K Denniston
BACKGROUND: Non-infectious uveitis is a sight-threatening inflammatory disease that often necessitates prolonged use of high-dose corticosteroids, resulting in significant systemic side effects. There is a need for efficacious steroid-sparing immunomodulatory therapy for these patients, and the mTOR inhibitors (sirolimus and everolimus) may be contenders for this role. METHODS: A comprehensive review of preclinical and clinical research on mTOR inhibitors for non-infectious uveitis was performed...
January 11, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010949/monocular-floaters-and-flashes
#10
REVIEW
Sherif Dawood, Dimitra Skondra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2016: Disease-a-month: DM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010144/frosted-branch-angiitis-in-a-patient-with-typhoid-fever
#11
Mamta Agarwal, Jambulingam Malathi, Jyotirmay Biswas
Frosted branch angiitis (FBA), a rare form of retinal vasculitis presenting as bilateral perivascular sheathing, resembling the appearance of frosted tree branches in winter, was first reported by Ito et al.(1) in 1976, in a young immunocompetent boy. FBA predominantly affects healthy young patients, the youngest reported in an 11-month-old infant(2) and oldest in a 42-year-old patient.(3) Classical symptoms include sudden onset of blurred vision with floaters and photopsiae. Fundus examination shows widespread perivascular translucent sheathing affecting both arterioles and venules, more commonly latter...
December 23, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010143/chikungunya-virus-infection-manifesting-as-intermediate-uveitis
#12
James Lin, Royce W S Chen, Albert Hazan, Michael Weiss
PURPOSE: To describe a case of intermediate uveitis caused by chikungunya virus infection in the Western Hemisphere. METHODS: Case report of a patient diagnosed with chikungunya infection presenting with blurry vision and floaters. RESULTS: Exam revealed a unilateral intermediate uveitis, with an extensive work-up positive for chikungunya virus immunoglobulin M and G titers. The patient responded to oral corticosteroids with signs and symptoms resolving over the course of 3 months' treatment...
December 23, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997458/acute-retinal-necrosis-after-administration-of-adalimumab-a-systemic-antitumor-necrosis-factor-antibody
#13
Sid A Schechet, Kevin Garff, Karen Klima, Wayne Campbell, Lisa S Schocket
PURPOSE: To report a case of acute retinal necrosis in a patient on anti-tumor necrosis factor α immunosuppressive therapy. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 47-year-old man with psoriasis presented with blurred vision and floaters in the left eye 4 days after receiving his fourth dose of adalimumab, a tumor necrosis factor α antagonist. He was diagnosed with acute retinal necrosis and was treated with intravenous acyclovir as well as prophylactic laser barricade...
December 16, 2016: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822679/a-review-of-hallucinogen-persisting-perception-disorder-hppd-and-an-exploratory-study-of-subjects-claiming-symptoms-of-hppd
#14
John H Halpern, Arturo G Lerner, Torsten Passie
Hallucinogen persisting perception disorder (HPPD) is rarely encountered in clinical settings. It is described as a re-experiencing of some perceptual distortions induced while intoxicated and suggested to subsequently cause functional impairment or anxiety. Two forms exist: Type 1, which are brief "flashbacks," and Type 2 claimed to be chronic, waxing, and waning over months to years. A review of HPPD is presented. In addition, data from a comprehensive survey of 20 subjects reporting Type-2 HPPD-like symptoms are presented and evaluated...
November 8, 2016: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800260/clinical-characteristics-of-fuchs-uveitis-syndrome
#15
Pınar Nalçacıoğlu, Pınar Çakar Özdal, Mert Şimşek
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical and demographic properties of Fuchs' uveitis syndrome (FUS) in Turkish patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of 161 patients with FUS followed in the Uveitis Division of Ulucanlar Eye Hospital between 1996 and 2014 were respectively reviewed. The mean age at diagnosis, sex, the number of affected eyes, follow-up period, clinical findings at presentation, complications during the follow-up period, medical and surgical treatments, and best corrected visual acuity at the initial and final visits were recorded...
April 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800257/peripheral-vasculitis-intermediate-uveitis-and-interferon-use-in-multiple-sclerosis
#16
Şeref Kinyas, Haluk Esgin
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. A 40-year-old female patient with a 12-year history of MS was admitted to our clinic with blurred vision and floaters in her right eye for about 1 month. Here, we share the findings and the management of intermediate uveitis and retinal periphlebitis in an MS case being treated with interferon beta-1a for 7 years.
January 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783687/nuclear-and-mitochondrial-dna-analyses-of-golden-eagles-aquila-chrysaetos-canadensis-from-three-areas-in-western-north-america-initial-results-and-conservation-implications
#17
Erica H Craig, Jennifer R Adams, Lisette P Waits, Mark R Fuller, Diana M Whittington
Understanding the genetics of a population is a critical component of developing conservation strategies. We used archived tissue samples from golden eagles (Aquila chrysaetos canadensis) in three geographic regions of western North America to conduct a preliminary study of the genetics of the North American subspecies, and to provide data for United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) decision-making for golden eagle management. We used a combination of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) D-loop sequences and 16 nuclear DNA (nDNA) microsatellite loci to investigate the extent of gene flow among our sampling areas in Idaho, California and Alaska and to determine if we could distinguish birds from the different geographic regions based on their genetic profiles...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781126/fuchs-heterochromic-iridocyclitis-in-an-italian-tertiary-referral-centre-epidemiology-clinical-features-and-prognosis
#18
Massimo Accorinti, Giovanni Spinucci, Maria Pia Pirraglia, Simone Bruschi, Francesca Romana Pesci, Ludovico Iannetti
Purpose. To study epidemiology, clinical findings and visual prognosis of patients with Fuchs' Heterochromic Iridocyclitis (FHI). Methods. A retrospective analysis was performed on 158 patients with FHI. Thirty-five patients were observed only once; the remaining 123 had a mean follow-up of 30.7 months (50 of them had a mean follow-up of 63.5 months) and in those we assessed complications, medical and surgical treatment, and long-term visual prognosis. Results. Average age at uveitis diagnosis was 27.2 years and 18...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769323/test-characteristics-of-point-of-care-ultrasonography-for-the-diagnosis-of-acute-posterior-ocular-pathology
#19
Michael Y Woo, Nathan Hecht, Bernard Hurley, David Stitt, Venkatesh Thiruganasambandamoorthy
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine the test characteristics of point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) for the diagnosis of retinal tear (RT), retinal detachment (RD), posterior vitreous detachment (PVD), and vitreous hemorrhage (VH). DESIGN: A prospective observation study on a convenience sample of patients presenting to a tertiary care emergency general ophthalmology clinic was performed. PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients with acute flashes/floaters or new visual field defects were included (n = 62)...
October 2016: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648638/lysophosphatidic-acids-and-autotaxin-in-retinal-vein-occlusion
#20
Ivanka Dacheva, Christoph Ullmer, Karolina Ceglowska, Everson Nogoceke, Guido Hartmann, Stephan Müller, Robert Rejdak, Katarzyna Nowomiejska, Michael Reich, Matthias Nobl, Tamer Tandogan, Florian T A Kretz, Gerd U Auffarth, Michael J Koss
PURPOSE: To analyze the levels of lysophosphatidic acids (LPAs) and autotaxin (ATX) in undiluted vitreous of untreated patients with retinal vein occlusion (RVO). METHODS: Sixty-four vitreous samples (40 RVO, 24 controls with idiopathic floaters) were analyzed in this retrospective case series using LC/MS for LPAs 16:0, 18:0, 18:1, 20:4, and ELISA kits or Luminex technology for ATX, angiopoetin-1 (ANG-1), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-7 (IL-7), interleukin-8 (IL-8), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)...
December 2016: Retina
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