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J L Ruiz Cerdá
Painful diseases of the pelvis are not rare. Urethral and scrotal pains are part of the chronic pelvic pain syndromes along with chronic prostatitis and painful bladder syndrome/interstitial cystitis. The objective of this review is to update the current knowledge about epidimiology, etiology, diagnosis and best treatment for patients with urethral and scrotal pain syndromes. Epidemiological data for both syndromes are scant. We lack of uniform definition or readily available diagnostic marker and aetiology remains unclear...
April 2007: Actas Urologicas Españolas
T Hasunuma, T Sumida, K Nishioka
HTLV-I is a retrovirus known as an oncogenic virus for human. This virus, initially found as a causative agent for adult T cell leukemia, has been lately focused as a causative virus for several autoimmune disorders. Here we described the characteristics of polyarthritis in HTLV-I careers, which is indistinguishable from idiopathic rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The relationship between arthritis and this virus was clearly proved by epidimiological study. Moreover, we presented transactivating gene of this virus, tax, is responsible for proliferation of synovial cells...
1998: International Reviews of Immunology
H Matsuki, H Kasuga, M Sugita, F Osaka, H Yokoyama
An improved method of analysis has been devised for estimating the amount of hydroxyproline excreted into the urine. This study has been performed to overcome the difficulties accompaning mass-examinations which are indispensable in epidimiological studies. Urine samples are pretreated with a resin-charcoal mixture for elimination of interfering substances or color inhibitions, and the supernatant is treated by evaporation to avoid complications followed by pH adjustment. The residue is reconstituted with diluted HCL...
December 1984: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
H Saëz
On the thigh of an Europa Beaver, Castor fiber L., dead after 8 years of captivity, a candidiasis has been found due to Candida albicans. Were reported successively: the frequence of C. albicans in the Europa Beaver and the Canada Beaver, the diagnosis, an epidemiologic aspect and the morphologic parasitic form of that yeast. In the epiderma parasited of the Beaver, C. albicans has developed in a yeast-form in the superficial strates of the skin and in the filamentous-form in the deeper.
December 1976: Acta Zoologica et Pathologica Antverpiensia
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