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Naila Makhani, Brenda Banwell, Raymond Tellier, Carmen Yea, Suzanne McGovern, Julia O'Mahony, Jean M Ahorro, Douglas Arnold, A Dessa Sadovnick, Ruth A Marrie, Amit Bar-Or
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is associated with increased multiple sclerosis (MS) risk. Recently, cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection has been proposed as a protective factor against MS development. We determined EBV, herpes simplex virus, varicella-zoster virus and CMV seroprevalence in 247 prospectively followed children with acquired demyelinating syndromes (ADS). Remote EBV infection was more common in children with MS than those with monophasic ADS while CMV infection was more common in children with monophasic ADS...
March 2016: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
A Pérez-Ferrer, E Gredilla-Díaz, J de Vicente-Sánchez, F Sánchez Pérez-Grueso, F Gilsanz-Rodríguez
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the implementation of a blood conservation program, and the adoption and progressive association of different methods, reduces transfusion requirements in pediatric patients undergoing scoliosis surgery of different origins. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Quasi-experimental, nonrandomized, descriptive study, approved by the Ethics Committee for Research of our institution. 50 pediatric patients (ASA I-III) aged 5 to 18 years, undergoing scoliosis surgery of any etiology by a single posterior or double approach (anterior and posterior) were included...
February 2016: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
Emma Aguila, Michael D Hurd, Susann Rohwedder
In 1997, Mexico transformed its pay-as-you-go social security system to a fully funded system with personal retirement accounts, including management fees. This article examines changes in retirement wealth resulting from this new system. It shows that management fees have drained a significant proportion of individuals' retirement wealth and have increased the number of persons claiming a government-subsidized minimum pension, particularly from the time the system was introduced in 1997 until adjustment to management fees in 2008...
December 2014: Latin American Policy
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