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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781379/innovative-curriculum-integrating-the-bio-behavioral-and-social-science-principles-across-the-lifestages-in-basic-science-years
#1
Anuradha Lele Mookerjee, Bradford D Fischer, Susan Cavanaugh, Vijay Rajput
Behavioral and social science integration in clinical practice improves health outcomes across the life stages. The medical school curriculum requires an integration of the behavioral and social science principles in early medical education. We developed and delivered a four-week course entitled "LifeStages" to the first year medical students. The learning objectives of the bio-behavioral and social science principles along with the cultural, economic, political, and ethical parameters were integrated across the lifespan in the curriculum matrix...
May 20, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780310/mobile-software-as-a-medical-device-samd-for-the-treatment-of-epilepsy-development-of-digital-therapeutics-comprising-behavioral-and-music-based-interventions-for-neurological-disorders
#2
Pegah Afra, Carol S Bruggers, Matthew Sweney, Lilly Fagatele, Fareeha Alavi, Michael Greenwald, Merodean Huntsman, Khanhly Nguyen, Jeremiah K Jones, David Shantz, Grzegorz Bulaj
Digital health technologies for people with epilepsy (PWE) include internet-based resources and mobile apps for seizure management. Since non-pharmacological interventions, such as listening to specific Mozart's compositions, cognitive therapy, psychosocial and educational interventions were shown to reduce epileptic seizures, these modalities can be integrated into mobile software and delivered by mobile medical apps as digital therapeutics. Herein, we describe: (1) a survey study among PWE about preferences to use mobile software for seizure control, (2) a rationale for developing digital therapies for epilepsy, (3) creation of proof-of-concept mobile software intended for use as an adjunct digital therapeutic to reduce seizures, and (4) broader applications of digital therapeutics for the treatment of epilepsy and other chronic disorders...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779387/-assessment-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-psoriasis-patients-in-hungary
#3
Adrienn Katalin Poór, Miklós Sárdy, Tamás Cserni, Valentin Brodszky, Péter Holló, László Gulácsi, Éva Remenyik, Andrea Szegedi, Fanni Rencz, Márta Péntek
INTRODUCTION: The health status and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients with psoriasis in Hungary are understudied. AIM: To assess HRQoL in psoriasis patients, to compare HRQoL of psoriasis patients to that of the general public in Hungary and to identify predictors of HRQoL. METHOD: Between 2012 and 2016, two cross-sectional surveys were carried out among psoriasis patients at two academic dermatology departments. HRQoL was assessed by EQ-5D-3L, EQ Visual Analogue Scale (EQ VAS) and Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI)...
May 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777859/three-dimensional-model-of-the-female-perineum-and-pelvic-floor-muscles
#4
Géraldine Giraudet, Laurent Patrouix, Christian Fontaine, Xavier Demondion, Michel Cosson, Chrystèle Rubod
OBJECTIVE: The anatomy of the perineum and the pelvic diaphragm of woman is complex. A numerical complete three-dimensional (3D) model of every muscle of the woman pelvis doesn't exist. The pathophysiology of genital prolapse is still debated. Knowledge of anatomy is essential to better understand its mechanisms. The aim of this research was to build a complete three-dimensional model of the female perineum and pelvic floor muscles. STUDY DESIGN: To model the pelvic muscles we reconstructed them in three dimensions from tracing a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of a female pelvis from a cadaver...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777560/the-effect-of-mobile-messaging-apps-on-cardiac-patient-knowledge-of-cad-risk-factors-and-adherence-to-a-healthy-lifestyle
#5
Yea Hung Tang, Mei Chan Chong, Yan Piaw Chua, Ping Lei Chui, Li Yoong Tang, Norsiah Rahmat
AIMS: This study aimed to determine the effect mobile messaging apps on coronary artery disease patient knowledge of and adherence to a healthy lifestyle. BACKGROUND: Due to the increasing incidence of coronary artery disease in recent years, interventions targeting coronary artery disease risk factors are urgent public priorities. The use of mobile technology in healthcare services and medical education is relatively new with promising future prospects. DESIGN: This study used a quasi-experimental design that included pre- and post-test for intervention and control groups...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770560/how-nurses-restore-and-maintain-mobility-in-hospitalised-older-people-an-integrative-literature-review
#6
Stephanie Constantin, Sherry Dahlke
AIM: The aim of this integrative review of the literature was to evaluate and summarise current research about how nurses maintain and improve hospitalised older peoples' mobility levels. BACKGROUND: Older persons make up the majority of healthcare recipients, and they are at risk to experience significant decline in their mobility once hospitalised. This can result in longer hospitalisations or nursing home admissions. Currently, it is not well understood how nurses maintain and restore mobility of hospitalised older persons...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770243/mobile-technology-in-undergraduate-nursing-education-a-systematic-review
#7
Hyejung Lee, Haeyoung Min, Su-Mi Oh, Kaka Shim
Objectives: This study aimed to identify and systematically review the literature on the use of mobile technology in nursing education. The research findings could evidence the effectiveness of mobile technology in undergraduate nursing students' learning outcomes. Methods: Computerized searches were conducted using the Ovid-MEDLINE, Ovid-EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and CINAHL databases for relevant primary studies and limited to those between 2000 and February 2018...
April 2018: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770211/the-performance-of-select-universities-of-medical-sciences-based-on-the-components-affecting-medical-education
#8
Mehdi Tayebi Arasteh, Behrooz Pouragha, Masume Bagheri Kahkesh
Background:  Every educational institution requires an evaluation system in order to find out about the quality and desirability of its activities, especially if it is a complex and dynamic environment. The present study was conducted to evaluate the educational performance of schools affiliated to Alborz University of Medical Sciences to help improve their performance. Methods:  This descriptive analytical study was conducted in six schools affiliated to Alborz University of Medical Sciences in April 2016-October 2016 and October 2016-April 2017...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769034/demand-side-determinants-of-timely-vaccination-of-oral-polio-vaccine-in-social-mobilization-network-areas-of-core-group-polio-project-in-uttar-pradesh-india
#9
Manojkumar Choudhary, Roma Solomon, Jitendra Awale, Rina Dey
BACKGROUND: Children who receive all doses of scheduled vaccines reduce their susceptibility to vaccine-preventable diseases. In India, full immunization coverage has increased significantly. However, only a small proportion of children are immunized on time. Globally, studies on factors affecting coverage of childhood immunization have found a significant impact by demand and supply-side determinants. This paper explores the demand-side determinants of timely immunization of the third dose of oral polio vaccine (OPV3) among children aged 6-11 months in the catchment areas of CORE Group Polio Project India...
May 16, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768407/the-health-e-babies-app-for-antenatal-education-feasibility-for-socially-disadvantaged-women
#10
Julia A Dalton, Dianne Rodger, Michael Wilmore, Sal Humphreys, Andrew Skuse, Claire T Roberts, Vicki L Clifton
BACKGROUND: The use of mobile technology such as phone applications (apps) has been proposed as an efficient means of providing health and clinical information in a variety of healthcare settings. We developed the Health-e Babies app as an Android smart phone application for pregnant women attending a tertiary hospital in a low socio-economic community, with the objective of providing health information about early pregnancy that would increase maternal confidence and reduce anxiety. Based on our earlier research, this form of health communication was viewed as a preferred source of information for women of reproductive age...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765430/tobacco-dependence-treatment-grants-a-collaborative-approach-to-the-implementation-of-who-tobacco-control-initiatives
#11
Margaret B Nolan, Katherine E Kemper, Thomas J Glynn, Richard D Hurt, J Taylor Hays
The number of global tobacco-related deaths is projected to increase from about 6 million to 8 million annually by 2030, with more than 80% of these occurring in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) came into force in 2005 and Article 14 relates specifically to the treatment of tobacco dependence. However, LMICs, in particular, face several barriers to implementing tobacco dependence treatment. This paper is a descriptive evaluation of a novel grant funding mechanism that was initiated in 2014 to address these barriers...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764767/a-systematic-review-of-mobile-produce-markets-facilitators-and-barriers-to-use-and-associations-with-reported-fruit-and-vegetable-intake
#12
Bi-Sek Hsiao, Lindiwe Sibeko, Lisa M Troy
BACKGROUND: Diet-related chronic diseases are a major public health burden. There is growing awareness that disparities in healthful food access contribute to disparities in health. Mobile produce markets (MPMs) have emerged as a strategy to improve fruit and vegetable access and consumption, particularly among low-income, minority, and other vulnerable populations (eg, older adults and children) in food desert neighborhoods. OBJECTIVE: This review examined research on MPMs in the United States and specifically aimed to assess the relationship between MPM use and fruit and/or vegetable intake, and facilitators and barriers related to MPM use within a social ecological framework...
May 12, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764540/-2018-national-consensus-on-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-training-in-china
#13
Lixiang Wang, Qingyi Meng, Tao Yu
To promote the technical training and scientific popularization of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in China, the Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Specialized Committee of Chinese Research Hospital Association combined with the Science Popularization Branch of the Chinese Medical Association wrote "2018 National consensus on cardiopulmonary resuscitation training in China". The formation was based on the general outline about "2016 National consensus on cardiopulmonary resuscitation in China", and to implement the important strategies included the "three pre" policy, prevention, precognition, and pre-warning, before the cardiac arrest (CA); the "three modernization" methods, standardized, diversified and individualized, during the CA; and the "three life" strategies, the rebirth, the extra and the extended, after the CA; and also combined with the concrete National conditions and clinical practice of China area...
May 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764178/compassionate-communities-in-canada-it-is-everyone-s-responsibility
#14
Bonnie Tompkins
Prof. Allan Kellehear first developed a contemporary public health approach to palliative and end-of-life care. Countries around the world have since adopted the theory of practice that mobilizes palliative care as a public health issue-particularly the Compassionate Communities (CC) model. In the wake of Canada's Medical Assistance in Dying (MAiD) legislation and its growing senior population, quality palliative care has enjoyed a renewed focus. Pallium Canada is helping communities across the country understand and adopt the CC model, through education, knowledge mobilization, project facilitation, and leadership...
April 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763990/mobile-applications-for-women-s-health-and-midwifery-care-a-pocket-reference-for-the-21st-century
#15
Megan W Arbour, Melissa A Stec
Midwives and other women's health care providers are charged with providing high-quality care to women based on the most current available evidence. Quick, reliable, and accurate access to evidence-based information is essential. Numerous smartphone and mobile device applications (apps) are available to assist clinicians in providing care for women. This article discusses clinical reference apps, including those for evidence-based care guidelines, women's health care, pharmacologic reference, laboratory and diagnostic guides, as well as apps for information storage and management, electronic health records, and client education...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762741/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-health-inequality
#16
Andrea E Willson, Kim M Shuey
Objectives: Empirical investigations of cumulative dis/advantage typically treat health inequality as an intra-individual process rooted in early-life conditions and operating within the span of the individual life course, while literature on processes of intergenerational transmission has historically focused on socioeconomic mobility, largely overlooking health. The current study examines the persistence of work disability across generations and multiple explanations for this relationship, including the role of early life disadvantage, childhood health, educational attainment, and social mobility...
May 14, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762643/educational-mobility-across-generations-and-depressive-symptoms-over-10-years-among-us-latinos
#17
Julia B Ward, Whitney R Robinson, Brian W Pence, Joanna Maselko, Sandra S Albrecht, Mary N Haan, Allison E Aiello
Few studies have collected intergenerational data to assess the association between educational mobility across multiple generations and offspring depression. Using data from the Sacramento Area Latino Study on Aging (1998-2008), we assessed the influence of intergenerational education on depressive symptoms over 10 years among 1,786 Latino individuals (mean age = 70.6 years). Educational mobility was classified: stable-low (low parent/low offspring education), upwardly mobile (low parent/high offspring education), stable-high (high parent/high offspring education), or downwardly mobile (high parent/low offspring education)...
May 14, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756308/improving-adolescents-periodontal-health-evaluation-of-a-mobile-oral-health-app-associated-with-conventional-educational-methods-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#18
Gisele Marchetti, Fabian Calixto Fraiz, Willian Muniz do Nascimento, Geisla Mary Silva Soares, Luciana Reichert da Silva Assunção
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a decisive period in the construction of new conduits. OBJECTIVE: The influence of an App associated with conventional educational methods in adolescents' oral health. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial including 291 participants (mean age = 16.1 years) in baseline. The study consisted of four phases. Interventions were evaluated through the knowledge score (KS) and oral indexes (OHI-S/GBI). KS was obtained through five affirmations about periodontal diseases applied in different moments (pre-test, post-test, and follow-up test)...
May 13, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755048/school-based-interprofessional-asthma-self-management-education-program-for-middle-school-students-a-feasibility-trial
#19
Ellen B Buckner, Donna J Copeland, Kristina S Miller, Timothy Op Holt
BACKGROUND: Asthma is the most common chronic disease among school-aged children under 18 years of age and is a major cause of morbidity, loss of school days, and increased hospitalizations. Asthma disproportionately affects low-income, minority youth in Alabama. The benefits of improving asthma control and self-management have significance for improving health, preventing disease, and reducing health disparities by addressing social, behavioral, environmental, economic, and medical determinants of health...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753700/spectrum-and-prevalence-of-genetic-predisposition-in-medulloblastoma-a-retrospective-genetic-study-and-prospective-validation-in-a-clinical-trial-cohort
#20
Sebastian M Waszak, Paul A Northcott, Ivo Buchhalter, Giles W Robinson, Christian Sutter, Susanne Groebner, Kerstin B Grund, Laurence Brugières, David T W Jones, Kristian W Pajtler, A Sorana Morrissy, Marcel Kool, Dominik Sturm, Lukas Chavez, Aurelie Ernst, Sebastian Brabetz, Michael Hain, Thomas Zichner, Maia Segura-Wang, Joachim Weischenfeldt, Tobias Rausch, Balca R Mardin, Xin Zhou, Cristina Baciu, Christian Lawerenz, Jennifer A Chan, Pascale Varlet, Lea Guerrini-Rousseau, Daniel W Fults, Wiesława Grajkowska, Peter Hauser, Nada Jabado, Young-Shin Ra, Karel Zitterbart, Suyash S Shringarpure, Francisco M De La Vega, Carlos D Bustamante, Ho-Keung Ng, Arie Perry, Tobey J MacDonald, Pablo Hernáiz Driever, Anne E Bendel, Daniel C Bowers, Geoffrey McCowage, Murali M Chintagumpala, Richard Cohn, Timothy Hassall, Gudrun Fleischhack, Tone Eggen, Finn Wesenberg, Maria Feychting, Birgitta Lannering, Joachim Schüz, Christoffer Johansen, Tina V Andersen, Martin Röösli, Claudia E Kuehni, Michael Grotzer, Kristina Kjaerheim, Camelia M Monoranu, Tenley C Archer, Elizabeth Duke, Scott L Pomeroy, Redmond Shelagh, Stephan Frank, David Sumerauer, Wolfram Scheurlen, Marina V Ryzhova, Till Milde, Christian P Kratz, David Samuel, Jinghui Zhang, David A Solomon, Marco Marra, Roland Eils, Claus R Bartram, Katja von Hoff, Stefan Rutkowski, Vijay Ramaswamy, Richard J Gilbertson, Andrey Korshunov, Michael D Taylor, Peter Lichter, David Malkin, Amar Gajjar, Jan O Korbel, Stefan M Pfister
BACKGROUND: Medulloblastoma is associated with rare hereditary cancer predisposition syndromes; however, consensus medulloblastoma predisposition genes have not been defined and screening guidelines for genetic counselling and testing for paediatric patients are not available. We aimed to assess and define these genes to provide evidence for future screening guidelines. METHODS: In this international, multicentre study, we analysed patients with medulloblastoma from retrospective cohorts (International Cancer Genome Consortium [ICGC] PedBrain, Medulloblastoma Advanced Genomics International Consortium [MAGIC], and the CEFALO series) and from prospective cohorts from four clinical studies (SJMB03, SJMB12, SJYC07, and I-HIT-MED)...
May 9, 2018: Lancet Oncology
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