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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211095/tooth-loss-among-the-elders-in-an-inner-city-area-of-ibadan-nigeria
#1
Olushola Ibiyemi, Ejiro Idiga
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and factors associated with tooth loss among elders in an inner city area of Ibadan, Nigeria. BACKGROUND: Tooth loss is an indication of the oral health of a population, and the possible effects of oral health on general health of the elders has been reported. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken among 392 consenting elders in Idikan, Ibadan, Nigeria. Information on socio-demographic characteristics, causes and effects of tooth loss was obtained using a pretested semistructured questionnaire...
February 16, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209557/formative-evaluation-of-participant-experience-with-mobile-econsent-in-the-app-mediated-parkinson-mpower-study-a-mixed-methods-study
#2
Megan Doerr, Amy Maguire Truong, Brian M Bot, John Wilbanks, Christine Suver, Lara M Mangravite
BACKGROUND: To fully capitalize on the promise of mobile technology to enable scalable, participant-centered research, we must develop companion self-administered electronic informed consent (eConsent) processes. As we do so, we have an ethical obligation to ensure that core tenants of informed consent-informedness, comprehension, and voluntariness-are upheld. Furthermore, we should be wary of recapitulating the pitfalls of "traditional" informed consent processes. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to describe the essential qualities of participant experience, including delineation of common and novel themes relating to informed consent, with a self-administered, smartphone-based eConsent process...
February 16, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202137/reconsidering-residential-mobility-differential-effects-on-child-wellbeing-by-race-and-ethnicity
#3
Kristin L Perkins
Residential mobility is a common experience among Americans, especially children. Most previous research finds residential mobility has negative effects on children's educational attainment, delinquency, substance abuse, and physical and mental health. Previous research, however, does not fully explore whether the effect of mobility differs by child race/ethnicity, in part because many of the samples used for these studies were majority white or exclusively non-white or disadvantaged. In addition, previous research rarely fully accounts for factors that predict selection into mobility and that may also be related to the outcome of interest...
March 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201929/public-attitudes-toward-the-police
#4
Ni Phil He, Ling Ren, Jihong Solomon Zhao, Matthew A Bills
Using telephone survey data collected in Houston, Texas, this study explores the feasibility of a dual-frame (landline and cell-phone-only household samples) design survey in police studies and compares the corresponding characteristics of survey respondents and multiple measures of citizens' attitudes toward the police. It was found that a cell-phone interview with the same scope and length of a landline interview is indeed operationally feasible, albeit at higher cost and lower response rate. Compared with their landline counterparts, respondents in our cell-phone-only sample are younger, males, members of ethnic minority, renters, mobile, and less educated...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196791/use-of-information-and-communication-technologies-among-older-people-with-and-without-frailty-a-population-based-survey
#5
Niina Susanna Keränen, Maarit Kangas, Milla Immonen, Heidi Similä, Heidi Enwald, Raija Korpelainen, Timo Jämsä
BACKGROUND: Use of information and communication technologies (ICT) among seniors is increasing; however, studies on the use of ICT by seniors at the highest risk of health impairment are lacking. Frail and prefrail seniors are a group that would likely benefit from preventive nutrition and exercise interventions, both of which can take advantage of ICT. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to quantify the differences in ICT use, attitudes, and reasons for nonuse among physically frail, prefrail, and nonfrail home-dwelling seniors...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195777/hiv-prevention-opportunities-with-gps-based-social-and-sexual-networking-applications-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#6
Wendasha Jenkins Hall, Christina J Sun, Amanda E Tanner, Lilli Mann, Jason Stowers, Scott D Rhodes
The goal of this study was to gain insight on the sexual health needs of men who have sex with men (MSM) who use GPS-based social and sexual networking mobile applications (apps) and the future utility of app-based interventions. A health educator promoted HIV-testing resources in four popular apps used by MSM. Content analysis was used to identify salient themes that emerged from the conversations. Four major themes were identified: (1) soliciting sexual encounters, (2) relationship building, (3) HIV and STI-testing inquiries, and (4) seeking other sexual health information...
February 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194195/effect-of-mobile-parenting-skills-education-on-anxiety-of-the-mothers-with-autistic-children
#7
Zahra Hajiabolhasani-Nargani, Mostafa Najafi, Tayebeh Mehrabi
BACKGROUND: The parents of autistic children suffer from anxiety and tension. Unawareness of parenting skills required for autistic children (parenting) doubles their anxiety. Researchers have recently considered research on mobile education, especially mobile text messages. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of mobile parenting skills education on the anxiety of mothers with autistic children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a clinical trial conducted on 64 mothers of children suffering from autism who had a medical file...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192002/moving-up-matters-socioeconomic-mobility-prospectively-predicts-better-physical-health
#8
Jenny M Cundiff, Jennifer Morozink Boylan, Dustin A Pardini, Karen A Matthews
OBJECTIVE: Low socioeconomic status (SES) in childhood confers risk for poor physical health later in life. This study prospectively examines whether improvements in family SES protect youth from developing physical health problems by adulthood and whether such effects differ by race or age. METHOD: Participants are a school-based sample of urban Black (53%) and White (47%) men (N = 311). Using latent growth curve modeling, we prospectively examined whether changes in family SES measured annually between Ages 7 and 16 predicted physical health diagnoses in adulthood (Age 32)...
February 13, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186932/descriptive-analysis-of-a-1-1-physiotherapy-outpatient-intervention-post-primary-lumbar-discectomy-one-arm-of-a-small-scale-parallel-randomised-controlled-trial-across-two-uk-sites
#9
A Rushton, A Calcutt, N Heneghan, A Heap, L White, M Calvert, P Goodwin
OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of high-quality evidence for physiotherapy post lumbar discectomy. Substantial heterogeneity in treatment effects may be explained by variation in quality, administration and components of interventions. An optimised physiotherapy intervention may reduce heterogeneity and improve patient benefit. The objective was to describe, analyse and evaluate an optimised 1:1 physiotherapy outpatient intervention for patients following primary lumbar discectomy, to provide preliminary insights...
November 9, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186014/diabetes-mhealth-apps-designing-for-greater-uptake
#10
Ronak Brahmbhatt, Shadi Niakan, Nishita Saha, Anukriti Tewari, Ashfiya Pirani, Natasha Keshavjee, Dora Mugambi, Nasrin Alavi, Karim Keshavjee
mHealth apps are not being used. Over 45,000 mhealth apps are languishing in mobile app stores. We evaluated over 200 diabetes mobile apps found in the Apple and Google app stores using a framework that we recently published. None of the apps met all 15 criteria identified by our framework. The largest number of apps fell into the category of Type 1 diabetes blood sugar and medication trackers. Other types of apps included educational apps such as recipe apps, guideline dissemination apps, simple diabetes education apps, etc...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186010/mobile-audience-response-systems-at-a-continuing-medical-education-conference
#11
Alexandra Beaumont, Michael Gousseau, Connor Sommerfeld, Darren Leitao, Adrian Gooi
BACKGROUND: Mobile audience response systems (mARS) are electronic systems allowing speakers to ask questions and audience members to respond anonymously and immediately on a screen which enables learners to view their peers' responses as well as their own. mARS encourages increased interaction and active learning. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine the perceptions of audience members and speakers towards the implementation of mARS at a national medical conference...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185598/how-is-perceived-community-cohesion-and-membership-in-community-groups-associated-with-children-s-dietary-adequacy-in-disadvantaged-communities-a-case-of-the-indian-sundarbans
#12
Debjani Barman, Lalitha Vadrevu
BACKGROUND: Membership in community groups and a sense of community cohesion may facilitate collective action in mobilizing resources towards better health outcomes. This paper explores the relationship of these factors, along with individual level socio-economic variables, to dietary adequacy among children below 6 years of age, a proximate determinant of child malnutrition. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey in Patharpratima block of the Sundarbans in West Bengal, India, using a two-stage, 30 cluster random sampling design...
November 15, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183849/bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-induce-nitric-oxide-synthase-dependent-differentiation-of-cd11b-cells-that-expedite-hematopoietic-recovery
#13
Cristina Trento, Ilaria Marigo, Alice Pievani, Antonio Galleu, Luigi Dolcetti, Chun-Yin Wang, Marta Serafini, Vincenzo Bronte, Francesco Dazzi
Bone marrow microenvironment is fundamental for hematopoietic homeostasis. Numerous efforts have been made to reproduce or manipulate its activity to facilitate engraftment after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation but clinical results remain unconvincing. This probably reflects the complexity of the hematopoietic niche. Recent data have demonstrated the fundamental role of stromal and myeloid cells in regulating hematopoietic stem cell self-renewal and mobilization in the bone marrow. In this study we unveil a novel interaction by which bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells induce the rapid differentiation of CD11b+ myeloid cells from bone marrow progenitors...
February 9, 2017: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181859/consumer-perspectives-on-mhealth-for-weight-loss-a-review-of-qualitative-studies
#14
Lynnette N Lyzwinski, Liam J Caffery, Matthew Bambling, Sisira Edirippulige
Introduction With increasing development and use of mobile health (mHealth) interventions for weight loss in overweight and obese populations, it is timely to gain greater insight into consumer experience with these technologies. The aims of this review were to identify common themes across studies that included user preferences for mHealth intervention for weight loss. Methods The databases PubMed (Medline), CINAHL, Web of Science, and Embase were searched for relevant qualitative studies on mHealth for weight loss...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178971/building-social-capital-to-promote-adolescent-wellbeing-a-qualitative-study-with-teens-in-a-latino-agricultural-community
#15
Marissa Raymond-Flesch, Colette Auerswald, Linda McGlone, Megan Comfort, Alexandra Minnis
BACKGROUND: Latino youth, particularly in rural settings, experience significant disparities in rates of teen pregnancy and violence. Few data are available regarding social and structural influences on Latino youth's developmental trajectories, specifically on factors that promote wellbeing and protect them from engagement in high-risk sexual and violence-related behaviors. METHODS: Forty-two youth aged 13 to 19 years old were recruited from middle schools and youth leadership programs to participate in one of eight community-based focus groups in Salinas, a predominantly Latino, urban center in California's rural central coast...
February 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178704/the-influence-of-renal-centre-and-patient-sociodemographic-factors-on-home-haemodialysis-prevalence-in-the-uk
#16
Anuradha Jayanti, Philip Foden, Alasdair Rae, Julie Morris, Paul Brenchley, Sandip Mitra
BACKGROUND: In the United Kingdom, socioeconomic disadvantage has been associated with lower use of home dialysis, mostly peritoneal dialysis. In this study, we explore the role of a patient's sociodemographic, socioeconomic differences and the centre's influence on home haemodialysis (HD) prevalence. METHODS: Data is derived from the cross-sectional arm of the UK multi-centre study investigating barriers and enablers of home HD (BASIC-HHD study). Centres were classified as low- (<3%), medium- (5-8%) and high-prevalence groups (>8%)...
February 9, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177055/telephone-interventions-for-adherence-to-colpocytological-examination
#17
Thais Marques Lima, Ana Izabel Oliveira Nicolau, Francisco Herlânio Costa Carvalho, Camila Teixeira Moreira Vasconcelos, Priscila de Souza Aquino, Ana Karina Bezerra Pinheiro
Objective: to test the effects of behavioral and educational intervention by telephone on adherence of women with inappropriate periodicity to colpocytological examination. Method: quasi-experimental study with a sample of 524 women, selected with the following inclusion criteria: be aged between 25 and 64 years, have initiated sexual activity, have inappropriate periodicity of examination and have mobile or landline phone. The women were divided into two groups for application of behavioral and educational intervention by telephone...
February 6, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174149/smartmom-text-messaging-for-prenatal-education-a-qualitative-focus-group-study-to-explore-canadian-women-s-perceptions
#18
Sarah Munro, Amber Hui, Vanessa Salmons, Carolyn Solomon, Emily Gemmell, Nahal Torabi, Patricia A Janssen
BACKGROUND: We engaged Canadian women in the development of a prenatal education program delivered via one-way text messaging called SmartMom. SmartMom is the first peer-reviewed, evidence-based mHealth program for prenatal education in Canada and the first to be endorsed by the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada. OBJECTIVE: To explore women's preferences for a prenatal education program by text messaging. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative focus group study in three Canadian communities in the Northern Health Authority...
February 7, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174067/health-literacy-in-the-ehealth-era-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#19
REVIEW
Henna Kim, Bo Xie
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify studies on online health service use by people with limited health literacy, as the findings could provide insights into how health literacy has been, and should be, addressed in the eHealth era. METHODS: To identify the relevant literature published since 2010, we performed four rounds of selection-database selection, keyword search, screening of the titles and abstracts, and screening of full texts. This process produced a final of 74 publications...
January 28, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173937/student-use-and-perceptions-of-mobile-technology-in-clinical-clerkships-guidance-for-curriculum-design
#20
Joanna K Law, Parker A Thome, Brenessa Lindeman, Daren C Jackson, Anne O Lidor
BACKGROUND: We examined the types of technology used by medical students in clinical clerkships, and the perception of technology implementation into the curriculum. METHODS: An online survey about technology use was completed prior to general surgery clinical clerkship. Types of devices and frequency/comfort of use were recorded. Perceptions of the benefits and barriers to technology use in clerkship learning were elicited. RESULTS: 125/131 (95...
January 30, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
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