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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936421/a-conceptual-framework-to-assess-effectiveness-in-wheelchair-provision
#1
Deepan C Kamaraj, Nathan Bray, Karen Rispin, Padmaja Kankipati, Jonathan Pearlman, Johan Borg
BACKGROUND: Currently, inadequate wheelchair provision has forced many people with disabilities to be trapped in a cycle of poverty and deprivation, limiting their ability to access education, work and social facilities. This issue is in part because of the lack of collaboration among various stakeholders who need to work together to design, manufacture and deliver such assistive mobility devices. This in turn has led to inadequate evidence about intervention effectiveness, disability prevalence and subsequent costeffectiveness that would help facilitate appropriate provision and support for people with disabilities...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936236/patient-oriented-health-technologies-patients-perspectives-and-use
#2
Amy M Bauer, Tessa Rue, Sean A Munson, Reza Hosseini Ghomi, Gina A Keppel, Allison M Cole, Laura-Mae Baldwin, Wayne Katon
BACKGROUND: For patient-oriented mobile health tools to contribute meaningfully to improving healthcare delivery, widespread acceptance and use of such tools by patients are critical. However, little is known about patients' attitudes toward using health technology and their willingness to share health data with providers. AIMS: To investigate primary care patients' comfort sharing health information through mobile devices, and patients' awareness and use of patient portals...
August 2017: Journal of Mobile Technology in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935620/a-lifestyle-intervention-via-email-in-minority-breast-cancer-survivors-randomized-parallel-group-feasibility-study
#3
Raheem J Paxton, Richard Hajek, Patricia Newcomb, Megha Dobhal, Sujana Borra, Wendell C Taylor, Deborah Parra-Medina, Shine Chang, Kerry S Courneya, Gladys Block, Torin Block, Lovell A Jones
BACKGROUND: Our data have indicated that minority breast cancer survivors are receptive to participating in lifestyle interventions delivered via email or the Web, yet few Web-based studies exist in this population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility and preliminary results of an email-delivered diet and activity intervention program, "A Lifestyle Intervention Via Email (ALIVE)," delivered to a sample of racial and ethnic minority breast cancer survivors...
September 21, 2017: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932158/the-burden-perceived-by-informal-caregivers-of-the-elderly-in-saudi-arabia
#4
Sulaiman A Alshammari, Abdullah A Alzahrani, Khaled A Alabduljabbar, Abdulaziz A Aldaghri, Yazeed A Alhusainy, Mohammed A Khan, Rakan A Alshuwaier, Ismail N Kariz
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to discover the characteristics of informal caregivers of elderly patients; to determine the socioeconomic, psychological, and physical consequences facing informal caregivers; and to measure their burdens and needs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional survey of informal caregivers of elderly patients. Participants were recruited from different hospitals and primary care clinics in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
September 2017: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928765/emerging-challenges-and-opportunities-for-education-and-research-in-weed-science
#5
REVIEW
Bhagirath S Chauhan, Amar Matloob, Gulshan Mahajan, Farhena Aslam, Singarayer K Florentine, Prashant Jha
In modern agriculture, with more emphasis on high input systems, weed problems are likely to increase and become more complex. With heightened awareness of adverse effects of herbicide residues on human health and environment and the evolution of herbicide-resistant weed biotypes, a significant focus within weed science has now shifted to the development of eco-friendly technologies with reduced reliance on herbicides. Further, with the large-scale adoption of herbicide-resistant crops, and uncertain climatic optima under climate change, the problems for weed science have become multi-faceted...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927983/the-digital-divide-in-adoption-and-use-of-mobile-health-technology-among-caregivers-of-pediatric-surgery-patients
#6
Emma C Hamilton, Faiez Saiyed, Charles C Miller, Arturo Eguia, Alexandra C Fonseca, George P Baum, KuoJen Tsao, Mary T Austin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify mobile Health (mHealth) technology utilization among caregivers of pediatric surgery patients. METHODS: We provided a modified version of the 2012 mobile health survey from the Pew Research Center to English and Spanish-speaking caregivers of children aged <18years presenting to pediatric surgical outpatient clinics from June to July of 2016. RESULTS: A total of 171 caregivers completed the survey and included 57 (34%) whites, 30 (18%) blacks, 75 (44%) Hispanics, and 6 (4%) other races...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926856/positive-effects-of-promoting-physical-activity-and-balanced-diets-in-a-primary-school-setting-with-a-high-proportion-of-migrant-school-children
#7
Katharina S Weber, Olaf Spörkel, Melina Mertens, Alem Freese, Klaus Strassburger, Boris Kemper, Clemens Bachmann, Knut Diehlmann, Theodor Stemper, Anette E Buyken, Kerstin Ketelhut, Karsten Müssig
Background Children with migration background are at particular risk for overweight. We assessed the effects of a primary school-based initiative targeted at enhancing physical activity and dietary education among children with a high proportion of migration background. Methods Four 3(rd) and 4(th) grade classes (n=70 children, 77% with migration background) participated in a 10-months intervention comprising 2 additional exercise lessons weekly and 10 nutrition lessons per school year. 6 school classes (n=125 children, 65% with migration background) served as control...
September 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925769/how-to-effectively-design-and-create-a-concept-mobile-application-to-aid-in-the-management-of-type-1-diabetes-in-adolescents
#8
Victoria McCulloch, Sarah Hope, Brian Loranger, Paul Rea
Diabetes is one of the most prevalent chronic health conditions in the world; with a range of diabetes-related mobile applications available to the public to aid in glycaemic control and self-management. Statistically, adherence to medication is extremely low in adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM), therefore, this paper focuses on the research and design of an interactive and educational concept mobile application aimed at early to mid-adolescents to aid in their understanding of T1DM. As visual elements are an essential part of the design, this research outlines how visual components were designed specifically for adolescents with T1DM...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925056/elevated-blood-pressure-in-the-developing-world-a-role-for-clinical-pharmacists
#9
Michael T Smith, Megan P Monahan, Paige Nelson, Matthew Moruzzi, Alexander J DeLucenay, Christine R Birnie
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and patient knowledge of elevated blood pressure amongst a cross-section of patients in underserved communities in three selected low-income countries worldwide: El Salvador, India and Kenya. METHODS: Mobile medical clinics were established as part of medical mission trips in El Salvador, India and Kenya. Willing male and female patients, at least 25 years of age, who presented at each clinic were screened for elevated blood pressure, including 332 patients in El Salvador, 847 patients in India and 160 patients in Kenya...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922817/children-class-and-the-search-for-security-writing-the-future-in-1930s-britain
#10
Hester Barron, Claire Langhamer
This article is based on 269 essays written in 1937 by Middlesbrough schoolboys aged 12-16 years on the topic 'When I leave school', which were collected by the social research organization Mass Observation. The essays provide a counterpoint to social scientific surveys of ordinary people and allow us to work with the boys' own understandings of the world they inhabited. They offer an alternative lens on a period which, at least in relation to the industrial areas of Britain, is often characterized by poverty and unemployment...
September 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922080/factors-associated-with-residential-mobility-during-pregnancy
#11
Doris K Amoah, Vikki Nolan, George Relyea, James G Gurney, Xinhua Yu, Frances A Tylavsky, Fawaz Mzayek
Our objective was to determine the factors associated with residential moving during pregnancy, as it may increase stress during pregnancy and affect birth outcomes. Data were obtained from the Conditions Affecting Neurocognitive Development and Learning in Early Childhood (CANDLE) study. Participants were recruited from December 2006 to June 2011 and included 1,448 pregnant women. The average gestational age at enrollment was 23 weeks. The primary outcome of residential mobility was defined as any change in address during pregnancy...
September 18, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919720/text-messaging-to-decrease-tuberculosis-treatment-attrition-in-tb-hiv-coinfection-in-uganda
#12
Sabine M Hermans, Sawsan Elbireer, Harriet Tibakabikoba, Bas J Hoefman, Yukari C Manabe
BACKGROUND: Low tuberculosis (TB) treatment completion rates in sub-Saharan Africa are an important driver of multidrug resistance. Mobile technology-based interventions have been shown to improve adherence to antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa. We aimed to test the effect of a short-message service (SMS) intervention on loss to follow-up (LFU). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this quasi-experimental study, all adult, literate, HIV-infected patients with mobile phone access diagnosed with TB between November 2010 and October 2011 in an urban clinic in Uganda were eligible to receive adherence and appointment reminders and educational quizzes during the first 8 weeks of TB treatment...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918669/unexpected-effects-of-a-system-distributed-mobile-application-in-maternity-care-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Christy J W Ledford, Jasmyne J Womack, Heather A Rider, Angela B Seehusen, Stephen J Conner, Rebecca A Lauters, Joshua A Hodge
BACKGROUND: As pregnant mothers increasingly engage in shared decision making regarding prenatal decisions, such as induction of labor, the patient's level of activation may influence pregnancy outcomes. One potential tool to increase patient activation in the clinical setting is mobile applications. However, research is limited in comparing mobile apps with other modalities of patient education and engagement tools. AIM: This study was designed to test the effectiveness of a mobile app as a replacement for a spiral notebook guide as a patient education and engagement tool in the prenatal clinical setting...
September 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916861/predictors-of-adherence-to-enhanced-recovery-pathway-elements-after-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery
#14
Juan Mata, Julio F Fiore, Nicolo Pecorelli, Barry L Stein, Sender Liberman, Patrick Charlebois, Liane S Feldman
INTRODUCTION: Enhanced recovery pathways (ERP) include a bundle of evidence-based preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative interventions that together reduce morbidity and length of stay after colorectal surgery. Increased adherence with the bundle is associated with better postoperative outcomes, but adherence is lowest in the postoperative period. Identifying risk factors for lower adherence may help design quality improvement strategies. The aim of this study was to estimate the extent to which patient, procedural, and organizational factors predict adherence to postoperative ERP elements in laparoscopic colorectal surgery...
September 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915988/learning-to-be-gendered-gender-socialization-in-early-adolescence-among-urban-poor-in-delhi-india-and-shanghai-china
#15
Sharmistha Basu, Xiayun Zuo, Chaohua Lou, Rajib Acharya, Rebecka Lundgren
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to understand the gender socialization process in early adolescence. METHODS: The study was located in two disadvantaged urban communities in Delhi, India and Shanghai, China and was part of the multicountry (15) Global Early Adolescent Study. Qualitative methodologies were used with boys and girls aged 11-13 years, including 16 group-based timeline exercises and 65 narrative interviews. In addition, 58 parents of participating adolescents were interviewed...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914720/effects-of-corrective-exercise-for-thoracic-hyperkyphosis-on-posture-balance-and-well-being-in-older-women-a-double-blind-group-matched-design
#16
Hyun-Jeong Jang, Lynne C Hughes, Duck-Won Oh, Suhn-Yeop Kim
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of a corrective exercise for thoracic hyperkyphosis on posture, balance, and well-being in Korean community-dwelling older women. METHODS: Fifty women 65 years of age and older, recruited from 2 senior centers, participated in this study. Participants were assigned to either the experimental group (EG) or the control group (CG) on the basis of convenience of location, and 22 in each were analyzed...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912634/posterior-hip-instability-relocation-testing-a-resident-s-case-report
#17
Rich Maas, Scott Wallentine, Dale Gerke, Sam Crager, Jessica Stewart
BACKGROUND: Micro-instability (non-radiographic clinical instability) continues to gain recognition as a problem at the hip. Although most research has been directed to anterior hip instability, posterior hip instability (PHI) has also garnered attention. PHI is under recognized, difficult to identify, and confused with other hip pathologies such as a simple sprain or strain. A novel clinical test is introduced that may have helped identify PHI in this patient. Additionally, a conservative rehabilitation approach emphasizing stabilization exercises is described...
September 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903696/permeability-of-group-boundaries-development-of-the-concept-and-a-scale
#18
Bibiana M Armenta, Katherine Stroebe, Susanne Scheibe, Nico W Van Yperen, Alwin Stegeman, Tom Postmes
The perceived possibility of movement between groups, referred to as permeability of group boundaries, is considered a key factor in explaining intergroup relations. However, so far, permeability has been conceptualized in different ways and there exists no validated measure. Integrating different conceptualizations, we developed a scale distinguishing membership permeability (e.g., a person changing from one sport team to another) versus status permeability (e.g., a person acquiring a higher social status)...
March 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901325/associations-between-socio-demographic-characteristics-and-chemical-concentrations-contributing-to-cumulative-exposures-in-the-united-states
#19
Hongtai Huang, Rogelio Tornero-Velez, Timothy M Barzyk
Association rule mining (ARM) has been widely used to identify associations between various entities in many fields. Although some studies have utilized it to analyze the relationship between chemicals and human health effects, fewer have used this technique to identify and quantify associations between environmental and social stressors. Socio-demographic variables were generated based on U.S. Census tract-level income, race/ethnicity population percentage, education level, and age information from the 2010-2014, 5-Year Summary files in the American Community Survey (ACS) database, and chemical variables were generated by utilizing the 2011 National-Scale Air Toxics Assessment (NATA) census tract-level air pollutant exposure concentration data...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895659/implementation-strategies-for-health-systems-in-low-income-countries-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#20
REVIEW
Tomas Pantoja, Newton Opiyo, Simon Lewin, Elizabeth Paulsen, Agustín Ciapponi, Charles S Wiysonge, Cristian A Herrera, Gabriel Rada, Blanca Peñaloza, Lilian Dudley, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Sebastian Garcia Marti, Andrew D Oxman
BACKGROUND: A key function of health systems is implementing interventions to improve health, but coverage of essential health interventions remains low in low-income countries. Implementing interventions can be challenging, particularly if it entails complex changes in clinical routines; in collaborative patterns among different healthcare providers and disciplines; in the behaviour of providers, patients or other stakeholders; or in the organisation of care. Decision-makers may use a range of strategies to implement health interventions, and these choices should be based on evidence of the strategies' effectiveness...
September 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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