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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339473/characterization-of-lignocellulolytic-activities-from-fungi-isolated-from-the-deep-sea-sponge-stelletta-normani
#1
Ramón Alberto Batista-García, Thomas Sutton, Stephen A Jackson, Omar Eduardo Tovar-Herrera, Edgar Balcázar-López, María Del Rayo Sánchez-Carbente, Ayixon Sánchez-Reyes, Alan D W Dobson, Jorge Luis Folch-Mallol
Extreme habitats have usually been regarded as a source of microorganisms that possess robust proteins that help enable them to survive in such harsh conditions. The deep sea can be considered an extreme habitat due to low temperatures (<5°C) and high pressure, however marine sponges survive in these habitats. While bacteria derived from deep-sea marine sponges have been studied, much less information is available on fungal biodiversity associated with these sponges. Following screening of fourteen fungi isolated from the deep-sea sponge Stelletta normani sampled at a depth of 751 metres, three halotolerant strains (TS2, TS11 and TS12) were identified which displayed high CMCase and xylanase activities...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335246/quaternized-carboxymethyl-chitosan-based-silver-nanoparticles-hybrid-microwave-assisted-synthesis-characterization-and-antibacterial-activity
#2
Siqi Huang, Jing Wang, Yang Zhang, Zhiming Yu, Chusheng Qi
A facile, efficient, and eco-friendly approach for the preparation of uniform silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) was developed. The synthesis was conducted in an aqueous medium exposed to microwave irradiation for 8 min, using laboratory-prepared, water-soluble quaternized carboxymethyl chitosan (QCMC) as a chemical reducer and stabilizer and silver nitrate as the silver source. The structure of the prepared QCMC was characterized using Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and ¹H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)...
June 17, 2016: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330173/production-of-cellulase-from-aspergillus-terreus-ms105-on-crude-and-commercially-purified-substrates
#3
Muhammad Sohail, Aqeel Ahmad, Shakeel Ahmed Khan
Aspergillus terreus MS105 was originally isolated from soil and screened for cellulase production in the presence of various carbon sources including carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC), avicel, sigmacell, filter-paper and salicin. CMC induced the production of endoglucanase (EG) and filter-paperase while the levels of β-glucosidase (BGL) were increased when salicin was present in the medium. Nature of production medium influenced the duration of lag- and log-phase of the growth, rate of fungal dry-mass and enzyme production...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326227/uptake-of-the-proteins-htra1-and-htra2-by-cells-mediated-by-calcium-phosphate-nanoparticles
#4
Olga Rotan, Katharina N Severin, Simon Pöpsel, Alexander Peetsch, Melisa Merdanovic, Michael Ehrmann, Matthias Epple
The efficient intracellular delivery of (bio)molecules into living cells remains a challenge in biomedicine. Many biomolecules and synthetic drugs are not able to cross the cell membrane, which is a problem if an intracellular mode of action is desired, for example, with a nuclear receptor. Calcium phosphate nanoparticles can serve as carriers for small and large biomolecules as well as for synthetic compounds. The nanoparticles were prepared and colloidally stabilized with either polyethyleneimine (PEI; cationic nanoparticles) or carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC; anionic nanoparticles) and loaded with defined amounts of the fluorescently labelled proteins HTRA1, HTRA2, and BSA...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325746/dietary-emulsifiers-directly-alter-human-microbiota-composition-and-gene-expression-ex-vivo-potentiating-intestinal-inflammation
#5
Benoit Chassaing, Tom Van de Wiele, Jana De Bodt, Massimo Marzorati, Andrew T Gewirtz
OBJECTIVE: The intestinal microbiota plays a central role in the development of many chronic inflammatory diseases including IBD and metabolic syndrome. Administration of substances that alter microbiota composition, including the synthetic dietary emulsifiers polysorbate 80 (P80) and carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), can promote such inflammatory disorders. However, that inflammation itself impacts microbiota composition has obfuscated defining the extent to which these compounds or other substances act directly upon the microbiota versus acting on host parameters that promote inflammation, which subsequently reshapes the microbiota...
March 21, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325660/production-of-bioethanol-from-napier-grass-via-simultaneous-saccharification-and-co-fermentation-in-a-modified-bioreactor
#6
Yu-Kuo Liu, Wei-Chuan Chen, Yu-Ching Huang, Yu-Kaung Chang, I-Ming Chu, Shen-Long Tsai, Yu-Hong Wei
The aim of this study was to use a modified bioreactor system for simultaneous saccharification of cellulose and bioethanol production. We tested Aspergillus niger and Trichoderma reesei for cellulose saccharification and Zymomonas mobilis for bioethanol production simultaneously in this modified bioreactor. The results showed that various carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) concentrations (10, 15, or 20 g/L) as a substrate for A. niger and T. reesei yielded bioethanol production of 0.51, 0.78, and 0.89 g/L and a CMC conversion rate of 10...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325334/citric-acid-crosslinked-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-carboxymethylcellulose-hydrogel-films-for-controlled-delivery-of-poorly-soluble-drugs
#7
Vishwajeet Sampatrao Ghorpade, Adhikrao Vyankatrao Yadav, Remeth Jacky Dias
Citric acid crosslinked β-cyclodextrin-carboxymethylcellulose (βCD-CMC) hydrogel films were prepared by esterification-crosslinking method for the controlled release of ketoconazole (model drug). The hydrogel films were evaluated for active βCD content, carboxyl content, swelling ratio, drug loading and release, and hemolytic activity. The structural characterization was carried out using solid state (13)C NMR, ATR-FTIR, TGA and DSC analysis. The βCD-CMC hydrogel films showed increase in active βCD content swelling ratio and drug loading with increase in the concentration of βCD in the feed...
May 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325316/removal-of-dye-by-carboxymethyl-cellulose-acrylamide-and-graphene-oxide-via-a-free-radical-polymerization-process
#8
Kokkarachedu Varaprasad, Tippabattini Jayaramudu, Emmanuel Rotimi Sadiku
Carboxymethyl cellulose has been used for the design of novel engineered hydrogels in order to obtain effective three-dimensional structures for industrial applications. In this work, dye removal carboxymethyl cellulose-acrylamide-graphene oxide (CMC-AM-GO) hydrogels were prepared by a free-radical polymerization method. The GO was developed by the modified Hummers method. The CMC-AM-GO and GO were characterized by FTIR, XRD and SEM. The swelling and swelling kinetics were calculated using gravimetric process...
May 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319900/bipolar-electrochemiluminescence-on-thread-a-new-class-of-electroanalytical-sensors
#9
Rui Liu, Cuiling Liu, Huijie Li, Min Liu, Dan Wang, Chunsun Zhang
This paper introduces a new and simple concept for fabricating low-cost, easy-to-use capillary microchannel (CMC) assisted thread-based microfluidic analytical devices (CMCA-μTADs) for bipolar electrochemiluminescence (BP-ECL) application. The thread with patterns of carbon screen-printed electrodes and bare thread zones (BTZs) is embedded into a CMC. Such CMCA-μTADs can produce a strong and stable BP-ECL signal, and have an extremely low cost ($0.01 per device). Interestingly, the CMCA-μTADs are ultraflexible, and can be bent with a 135° bending angle at the BTZ or with a 150° bending angle at the middle of bipolar electrode (BPE), with no loss of analytical performance...
March 7, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319117/comparative-genomics-of-clavibacter-michiganensis-subspecies-pathogens-of-important-agricultural-crops
#10
James T Tambong
Subspecies of Clavibacter michiganensis are important phytobacterial pathogens causing devastating diseases in several agricultural crops. The genome organizations of these pathogens are poorly understood. Here, the complete genomes of 5 subspecies (C. michiganensis subsp. michiganensis, Cmi; C. michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus, Cms; C. michiganensis subsp. nebraskensis, Cmn; C. michiganensis subsp. insidiosus, Cmi and C. michiganensis subsp. capsici, Cmc) were analyzed. This study assessed the taxonomic position of the subspecies based on 16S rRNA and genome-based DNA homology and concludes that there is ample evidence to elevate some of the subspecies to species-level...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316347/on-semidiscrete-constant-mean-curvature-surfaces-and-their-associated-families
#11
Wolfgang Carl
The present paper studies semidiscrete surfaces in three-dimensional Euclidean space within the framework of integrable systems. In particular, we investigate semidiscrete surfaces with constant mean curvature along with their associated families. The notion of mean curvature introduced in this paper is motivated by a recently developed curvature theory for quadrilateral meshes equipped with unit normal vectors at the vertices, and extends previous work on semidiscrete surfaces. In the situation of vanishing mean curvature, the associated families are defined via a Weierstrass representation...
2017: Monatshefte Für Mathematik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315438/rectorite-intercalated-nanoparticles-for-improving-controlled-release-of-doxorubicin-hydrochloride
#12
Jian Jin, Hu Tu, Jiajia Chen, Gu Cheng, Xiaowen Shi, Hongbing Deng, Zubing Li, Yumin Du
Controlled release of drugs has been widely researched in biomedical area. Nanoparticles (NPs) as ideal drug carriers are often used to facilitate improvements in the therapeutic index of drugs. In this study, natural polymers carboxymethyl chitosan (CMC) and lysozyme (LY) were mixed to prepare CMC-LY NPs by electrostatic self-assembly interactions. In addition, layered silicate rectorite (REC) was introduced into NPs to explore the effect on the encapsulation efficacy and controlled release of doxorubicin hydrochloride (DOX)...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304001/students-perceptions-of-usefulness-of-anatomy-demonstrations-in-traditional-and-hybrid-undergraduate-medical-education-curricula
#13
Ayesha Saba Naz, Rehana Rehman, Zehra Jamil, Khalid Ahmed, Ambreen Surti
A cross-sectional study was carried out to study students' perceptions on the usefulness of Anatomy demonstrations (AD) in the undergraduate medical education by comparing the Conventional Medical College (CMC) and problem-based learning as hybrid curriculum (HMC). Purposive sampling technique was used and all students were included. The completed questionnaire responses were returned by 92 CMC and 87 HMC students. CMC cohort understood the structural relationship more than HMC (p=0.03). AD helped 50 students (54%) of CMC to get through the theory examination, however 73 (84%) students of HMC found them useful in preparation for theory examinations (p<0...
March 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301722/synthesis-and-characterization-of-four-diastereomers-of-monorhamnolipids
#14
Ricardo Palos Pacheco, Ryan J Eismin, Clifford S Coss, Hui Wang, Raina M Maier, Robin Polt, Jeanne E Pemberton
Rhamnolipids are amphiphilic glycolipids biosynthesized by bacteria that, due to their low toxicity and biodegradability, are potential replacements for synthetic surfactants. The previously limited access to pure materials at the gram scale has hindered extensive characterization rhamnolipid structure-performance behavior. Here, we present an efficient and versatile synthetic methodology from which four diastereomers of the most common monorhamnolipid, α-rhamnopyranosyl-β-hydroxydecanoyl-β-hydroxydecanoate, are prepared and subsequently characterized...
March 16, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300434/effect-of-carboxymethylcellulose-on-fibril-formation-of-collagen-in-vitro
#15
Cuicui Ding, Ronghui Shi, Zhigong Zheng, Min Zhang
The effect of carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) on the fibril formation of collagen in vitro was studied by turbidity measurements and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The kinetics curves of fibril formation indicated that the rate of collagen fibrillogenesis was decreased with the addition of CMC, meanwhile the final turbidity was obviously increased as the ratio of CMC/collagen reached 30%. The AFM images of collagen-CMC solutions showed that the number of nucleation sites of collagen fibrillogenesis was significantly increased with the presence of CMC, while the diameter of immature collagen fibrils was obviously decreased...
March 16, 2017: Connective Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299418/expanding-the-knowledge-on-dried-blood-spots-and-lc-ms-based-protein-analysis-two-different-sampling-materials-and-six-protein-targets
#16
Cecilie Rosting, Astrid Gjelstad, Trine Grønhaug Halvorsen
The combination of dried blood spots (DBS) and bottom-up LC-MS-based protein analysis was investigated in the present paper using six model proteins (1 mg/mL of each protein) with different physicochemical properties. Two different materials for DBS were examined: a water-soluble DBS material (carboxymethyl cellulose, (CMC)) and a commercially available (non-soluble) material (DMPK-C). The sample preparation was optimised regarding the water-soluble material and achieving acceptable repeatability of the signal was emphasised...
March 15, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294613/surface-adsorption-in-ternary-surfactant-mixtures-above-the-critical-micelle-concentration-the-effects-of-asymmetry-on-the-composition-dependence-of-the-excess-free-energy
#17
Jessica Liley, Robert K Thomas, Jeff Penfold, Ian M Tucker, Jordan T Petkov, Paul Stevenson, John Robert Peter Webster
The composition of the adsorbed layer of a ternary surfactant mixture at the air-water interface has been studied by neutron reflectivity. The adsorption of the ternary mixture of octaethylene monododecyl ether, C12E8, sodium dodecyl 6-benzene sulfonate, LAS, and sodium dioxyethylene glycol monododecyl sulphate, SLES, and of each of the binary mixtures, at solution concentrations greater than the mixed critical micelle concentration (CMC) are highly non-ideal. In the ternary mixture the surface adsorption is dominated by the C12E8 and LAS, and there is little SLES at the interface...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290507/inhibitory-interneuron-circuits-at-cortical-and-spinal-levels-are-associated-with-individual-differences-in-corticomuscular-coherence-during-isometric-voluntary-contraction
#18
Ryosuke Matsuya, Junichi Ushiyama, Junichi Ushiba
Corticomuscular coherence (CMC) is an oscillatory synchronization of 15-35 Hz (β-band) between electroencephalogram (EEG) of the sensorimotor cortex and electromyogram of contracting muscles. Although we reported that the magnitude of CMC varies among individuals, the physiological mechanisms underlying this variation are still unclear. Here, we aimed to investigate the associations between CMC and intracortical inhibition (ICI) in the primary motor cortex (M1)/recurrent inhibition (RI) in the spinal cord, which probably affect oscillatory neural activities...
March 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288331/within-assessor-reliability-and-minimal-detectable-change-of-gait-kinematics-in-a-young-obese-demographic
#19
Brian Horsak, Barbara Pobatschnig, Arnold Baca, Susanne Greber-Platzer, Alexandra Kreissl, Stefan Nehrer, Barbara Wondrasch, Richard Crevenna, Mohammad Keilani, Andreas Kranzl
INTRODUCTION: Three-dimensional gait analysis (3DGA) in obese populations is a difficult task due to a great amount of subcutaneous fat. This makes it more challenging to identify anatomical landmarks, thus leading to inconsistent marker placement. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the test-retest reliability for kinematic measurements of obese children and adolescents. METHODS: Nine males and two females with an age-based BMI above the 97th percentile (age: 14...
March 2, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284067/pd-0-cmc-ce-oh-4-organic-inorganic-hybrid-as-highly-active-catalyst-for-the-suzuki-miyaura-reaction
#20
Bijin Lin, Xiaoping Liu, Zhuan Zhang, Yang Chen, Xiaojian Liao, Yiqun Li
A very easy sequential metathesis for the synthesis of Pd(II)-CMC@Ce(OH)4 organic/inorganic hybrid and its application as effective pre-catalyst for the Suzuki-Miyaura reaction have been reported. It was found that the Pd nanoparticles (Pd NPs) were formed in situ in the course of the Suzuki-Miyaura couplings when Pd(II)-CMC@Ce(OH)4 was used as a pre-catalyst. The activity of the Pd NPs in the reaction was enhanced synergistically by the unique redox properties (Ce(3+)/Ce(4+)) of Ce(OH)4 and coordination with carboxyl groups as well as free hydroxyl groups of the hybrid of CMC@Ce(OH)4...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
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