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COUGH AND TUBERCULOSIS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768381/tuberculous-pleurisy-mimicking-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-infection-in-a-previously-healthy-young-adult-a-case-report
#1
Daizo Yaguchi, Motoshi Ichikawa, Masato Shizu, Noriko Inoue, Daisuke Kobayashi, Naoyuki Imai, Masao Ito
RATONALE: Sometimes, pleural effusion accompanying an acute Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection or tuberculous pleurisy has similar analysis results. We report a case of tuberculous pleurisy which was initially diagnosed as acute M pneumoniae infection, which is of special interest because anti-Mycoplasma antibody results were positive, which served as a red herring. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 20-year-old woman visited the outpatient emergency romm of our hospital for chief complaints of high fever, dry cough, and pleuralgia persiting for 2 days...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766527/exploring-workplace-tb-interventions-with-foreign-born-latino-workers
#2
Donald E Eggerth, Brenna M Keller, Michael A Flynn
BACKGROUND: Persons born outside the United States are more likely to be diagnosed with tuberculosis disease (TB) than native-born individuals. Foreign-born Latinos at risk of TB may be difficult to reach with public health interventions due to cultural and institutional barriers. Workplaces employing large concentrations of foreign-born Latinos may be useful locations for TB interventions targeting this high-risk population. METHOD: This study used a two-phase approach to investigate the feasibility of workplace TB interventions...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742052/clinical-and-drug-resistance-characteristics-of-new-pediatric-tuberculosis-cases-in-northern-china
#3
Ting Wang, Fang Dong, Qin-Jing Li, Qing-Qin Yin, Wen-Qi Song, Igor Mokrousov, Wei-Wei Jiao, A-Dong Shen
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical features and characteristics of drug resistance in newly diagnosed pediatric tuberculosis (TB) patients in northern China. METHODS: Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates were collected from September 2010 to October 2016 at the Beijing Children's Hospital. Patients were divided into two groups (resistant to at least one drug and pan-susceptible) according to drug susceptibility testing (DST) results. RESULTS: A total of 132 new cases, mainly from northern China (87...
May 9, 2018: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734660/syzygium-cordatum-hochst-ex-krauss-an-overview-of-its-ethnobotany-phytochemistry-and-pharmacological-properties
#4
REVIEW
Alfred Maroyi
Syzygium cordatum is a valuable medicinal plant in the materia medica of east and southern Africa. The aim of this study was to review the botany, medicinal uses, phytochemistry and ethnopharmacological properties of S. cordatum . Relevant literature search was carried out using internet sources such as ACS, Web of Science, Wiley, SpringerLink, Scopus, Mendeley, Google Scholar, Pubmed, SciFinder, BioMed Central, Science Direct and Elsevier. Other literature sources were conference papers, book chapters, books, theses and websites...
May 4, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733942/terminalia-laxiflora-and-terminalia-brownii-contain-a-broad-spectrum-of-antimycobacterial-compounds-including-ellagitannins-ellagic-acid-derivatives-triterpenes-fatty-acids-and-fatty-alcohols
#5
Enass Y A Salih, Riitta Julkunen-Tiitto, Anna-Maija Lampi, Markku Kanninen, Olavi Luukkanen, Marketta Sipi, Mari Lehtonen, Heikki Vuorela, Pia Fyhrquist
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Terminalia laxiflora Engl. & Diels, (Sudanese Arabic name: Darout الدروت) and Terminalia brownii Fresen (Sudanese Arabic name: Alshaf ألشاف) (Combretaceae) are used in Sudanese traditional folk medicine and in other African countries for treatment of infectious diseases, TB and its symptoms, such as cough, bronchitis and chest pain. AIM OF STUDY: Because of the frequent use of T. laxiflora and T. brownii in African traditional medicine and due to the absence of studies regarding their antimycobacterial potential there was a need to screen extracts of T...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720095/addressing-knowledge-gaps-and-prevention-for-tuberculosis-infected-indian-adults-a-vital-part-of-elimination
#6
Andrea DeLuca, Gauri Dhumal, Mandar Paradkar, Nishi Suryavanshi, Vidya Mave, Rewa Kohli, Shri Vijay Bala Yogendra Shivakumar, Vidula Hulyolkar, Archana Gaikwad, Ashwini Nangude, Geeta Pardeshi, Dileep Kadam, Amita Gupta
BACKGROUND: India plans to eliminate tuberculosis (TB) by 2025, and has identified screening and prevention as key activities. Household contacts (HHCs) of index TB cases are a high-risk population that would benefit from rapid implementation of these strategies. However, best practices for TB prevention and knowledge gaps among HHCs have not been studied. We evaluated TB knowledge and understanding of prevention among tuberculin skin-test (TST) positive HHCs. While extensive information is available in other high-burden settings regarding TB knowledge gaps, identifying how Indian adult contacts view their transmission risk and prevention options may inform novel screening algorithms and education efforts that will be part of the new elimination plan...
May 2, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701391/diagnostic-challenges-in-chronic-constrictive-pericarditis
#7
Ana Braga, Afonso Oliveira, Kevin Domingues, Maria João Andrade, Miguel Abecacis, José Pedro Neves
INTRODUCTION: Chronic constrictive pericarditis (CCP) is a disease that has multiple possible causes and is associated with variable clinical findings, depending on its severity. It develops insidiously, and in many cases, particularly in developed countries, no antecedent diagnosis can be found. These cases are termed idiopathic. Tuberculosis is the leading cause of constrictive pericarditis in developing nations but represents only a small minority in developed countries. METHODS: Here the authors describe two different case reports where tuberculosis was the probable cause of CCP...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676622/low-to-moderate-arsenic-exposure-and-respiratory-health-in-american-indian-communities
#8
Martha Powers, Tiffany R Sanchez, Maria Grau-Perez, Fawn Yeh, Kevin Francesconi, Walter Goessler, Christine M George, Christopher Heaney, Lyle G Best, Jason Umans, Robert H Brown, Ana Navas-Acien
RATIONALE: Exposure to inorganic arsenic, through drinking naturally-contaminated water, is an established cause of lung cancer. Evidence on the impact of arsenic exposure on lung function, however, is less conclusive. The evidence available, mostly from populations exposed to water arsenic levels >100 μg/L, suggests that arsenic exposure is associated with lower lung function. Prospective studies and studies examining low-to-moderate levels of water arsenic exposure (<50 μg/L) the level relevant for U...
April 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663957/high-utility-of-active-tuberculosis-case-finding-in-an-ethiopian-prison
#9
Y Merid, Y Woldeamanuel, M Abebe, D G Datiko, T Hailu, G Habtamu, G Assefa, R R Kempker, H M Blumberg, A Aseffa
SETTING: Hawassa Prison, Southern Region of Ethiopia. OBJECTIVE: To determine the burden of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) using active case finding among prisoners. DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, prisoners were screened for TB using a symptom screen. Those with cough of 2 weeks had spot and morning sputum samples collected for acid-fast bacilli (AFB) smear microscopy and molecular diagnostic testing (Xpert® MTB/RIF). RESULTS: Among 2068 prisoners, 372 (18%) had a positive cough screen...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659361/-one-hundred-years-after-the-spanish-flu
#10
Isabel A Lüthy, Viviana Ritacco, Isabel N Kantor
The "Spanish" flu pandemic, which occurred a century ago, is considered the most devastating in human history. An estimated one third of world population fell ill with flu and more than 2.5% of them died. The course of the epidemic had two main waves (1918 and 1919) and showed an unusual W-shaped morbidity/mortality distribution. Death was not a direct outcome of flu itself but rather a consequence of secondary bacterial bronchopneumonia, for which antibiotics had not yet been discovered. Pre-existing pulmonary tuberculosis was also accountable for increased flu death rates during the pandemic...
2018: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627293/-tuberculous-pseudotumour-a-challenging-diagnosis
#11
H Snene, A Ben Mansour, S Toujani, N Ben Salah, M Mjid, Y Ouahchi, N Mehiri, M Beji, J Cherif, B Louzir
INTRODUCTION: The pseudotumorous form of tuberculosis is a rare entity. Whatever its location, it can simulate neoplasia by its radiological and/or endoscopic appearances. We highlight the diagnostic difficulties associated with this type of presentation. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of inpatient records from 2003 to 2016 in the pneumology department of La Rabta Hospital to identify cases of thoracic tuberculous pseudo-tumor. RESULTS: Seventeen patients were identified...
April 5, 2018: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623632/out-of-pocket-expenditures-indirect-costs-and-health-related-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-thailand
#12
Pimwara Tanvejsilp, Mark Loeb, Jonathan Dushoff, Feng Xie
BACKGROUND: Thailand's hospitals may adopt different supervision approaches to improve tuberculosis (TB) treatment adherence. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditures, indirect costs, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among TB patients who received pharmaceutical care (pharmacist-led patient education and telephone consultation), home visit, and self-administered therapy (SAT) in Thailand. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study to collect OOP expenditures, indirect costs, and HRQoL from a subsample of 104 adult pulmonary TB patients who started treatment between January and May 2014 in three hospitals...
September 13, 2017: PharmacoEconomics Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610667/a-survey-of-knowledge-attitude-and-practices-of-private-retail-pharmacies-staff-in-tuberculosis-care-study-from-dera-ismail-khan-city-pakistan
#13
Tehmina Mustafa, Yasir Shahzad, Ayyaz Kiani
Background: In order to engage pharmacies in tuberculosis (TB) care, a survey was conducted in the Dera Ismail (DI) Khan City of the Khyber Pakhtoon Khwa province, Pakistan. The objectives were to; 1) characterize the retail pharmacies; 2) determine knowledge of the staff on various aspects of pulmonary TB; 3) determine practices related to the sale of anti-TB drugs, and referrals of presumptive TB patient, and willingness to participate in the National Tuberculosis Control Programme's (NTP) Directly Observed Treatment Short-Course (DOTS) strategy...
2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605210/a-review-of-the-etiology-and-clinical-presentation-of-non-cystic-fibrosis-bronchiectasis-a-tertiary-care-experience
#14
Ozlem Satırer, Ayse Mete Yesil, Nagehan Emiralioglu, Gökcen Dilsa Tugcu, Ebru Yalcın, Deniz Dogru, Nural Kiper, Ugur Ozcelik
INTRODUCTION: Non-cystic fibrosis(CF) bronchiectasis has been recognized in children for the past 200 years. Early childhood pneumonia and underlying conditions such as immunodeficiency, primary ciliary dyskinesia(PCD), and congenital lung pathology should be considered in the etiology. The aim of our study was to describe the clinical characteristics, laboratory, and radiological findings of a large population of patients with non-CF bronchiectasis at a tertiary center. METHODS: We analyzed the clinical findings of 187 patients diagnosed with non-CF bronchiectasis over a period of 10 years (January 2005-December 2015) at the Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine Department of Pediatric Pulmonology...
April 2018: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597050/did-fr%C3%A3-d%C3%A3-ric-chopin-die-from-heart-failure
#15
Antonio Perciaccante, Philippe Charlier, Camilla Negri, Alessia Coralli, Otto Appenzeller, Raffaella Bianucci
On October 17, 1849, Poland's greatest composer, Frédéric Chopin (1810-1849) died aged 39. His cause of death remains unknown. An investigation of the documental sources was performed to reconstruct the medical history of the artist. Since his earliest years, his life had been dominated by poor health. Recurrent episodes of cough, fever, headaches, lymphadenopathy- a series of symptoms that may be attributed to viral respiratory infections- manifested in his teens. Later in life, he had chest pain, hemoptysis, hematemesis, neuralgia, and arthralgia...
May 2018: Journal of Cardiac Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595504/tuberculosis-transmission-during-the-subclinical-period-could-unrelated-cough-play-a-part
#16
Hanif Esmail, Peter J Dodd, Rein M G J Houben
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594190/complex-pulmonary-aspergilloma-surgical-challenges-in-a-third-world-setting
#17
Bernadette Ngo Nonga, Guy Aristide Bang, Bonaventure Jemea, Eric Savom, Perfura Yone, Ngahane Mbatchou, Jean Jacques Ze
Background: Surgery for pulmonary aspergilloma (PA), especially complex forms, is greatly challenging in a resource-poor setting such as Cameroon. We report our experience of surgical management of PA in this environment. Method: We prospectively assessed patients who underwent surgery for PA from January 2012 to May 2015, at the University Hospital Center of Yaoundé. Records were reviewed for demographics, history and physical examinations, radiological findings, surgical procedures, and outcomes...
2018: Surgery Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582318/clinical-mimics-an-emergency-medicine-focused-review-of-pneumonia-mimics
#18
REVIEW
Drew Alan Long, Brit Long, Alex Koyfman
Pneumonia is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in adults in the United States. While pneumonia classically presents with a fever, cough, and shortness of breath, the presentation can vary widely in adults. This review evaluates history and physical examination findings of pneumonia and several conditions that mimic pneumonia. Pneumonia is a potentially deadly disease. History and examination findings are variable in pneumonia, and many conditions mimic pneumonia. These conditions include pulmonary embolism, diffuse interstitial lung disease, endocarditis, vasculitis, diffuse alveolar hemorrhage, acute decompensated heart failure, tuberculosis, lung cancer, and acute respiratory distress syndrome...
March 26, 2018: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579429/tuberculosis-related-stigma-and-its-effect-on-the-delay-for-sputum-examination-under-the-revised-national-tuberculosis-control-program-in-india
#19
Arupkumar Chakrabartty, Pampa Basu, Kazi Monjur Ali, Aditi Kishore Sarkar, Debidas Ghosh
BACKGROUND: One major barrier to achieve goal of tuberculosis (TB) control program globally, is the stigma attached to the disease. Perceived stigma can delay sputum test in time. Delay will lead to spread of infection in the community. There is no scientific information available in India exactly looking into the association between delay in sputum examination and stigma. AIM: We conducted a study in rural West Bengal among persons with cough for 2 weeks or more to assess their level of stigma, its influence on delay for sputum test and identify factors those shape the level of stigma...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579428/socio-demographic-profile-and-outcome-of-tb-patients-registered-at-dtc-rewa-of-central-india
#20
Rohit Trivedi Rohit, Anjana Niranjan, Paharam Adhikari Pawan
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis is a specific infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The disease is usually chronic with cardinal features such as persistent cough with or without expectoration, intermittent fever, and loss of appetite, weight loss, chest pain and hemoptysis. OBJECTIVE: (1) To assess the socio-demographic profile of the patients attending DOTS Center. (2) To assess outcome of treatment under DOTS Center. METHODOLOGY: This is a Prospective Longitudinal study conducted among the patients attending DOTS center of DTC located at S...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
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