keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cough tuberculosis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676622/low-to-moderate-arsenic-exposure-and-respiratory-health-in-american-indian-communities
#1
Martha Powers, Tiffany R Sanchez, Maria Grau-Perez, Fawn Yeh, Kevin Francesconi, Walter Goessler, Christine M George, Christopher Heaney, Lyle G Best, Jason Umans, Robert H Brown, Ana Navas-Acien
RATIONALE: Exposure to inorganic arsenic, through drinking naturally-contaminated water, is an established cause of lung cancer. Evidence on the impact of arsenic exposure on lung function, however, is less conclusive. The evidence available, mostly from populations exposed to water arsenic levels >100 μg/L, suggests that arsenic exposure is associated with lower lung function. Prospective studies and studies examining low-to-moderate levels of water arsenic exposure (<50 μg/L) the level relevant for U...
April 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663957/high-utility-of-active-tuberculosis-case-finding-in-an-ethiopian-prison
#2
Y Merid, Y Woldeamanuel, M Abebe, D G Datiko, T Hailu, G Habtamu, G Assefa, R R Kempker, H M Blumberg, A Aseffa
SETTING: Hawassa Prison, Southern Region of Ethiopia. OBJECTIVE: To determine the burden of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) using active case finding among prisoners. DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, prisoners were screened for TB using a symptom screen. Those with cough of 2 weeks had spot and morning sputum samples collected for acid-fast bacilli (AFB) smear microscopy and molecular diagnostic testing (Xpert® MTB/RIF). RESULTS: Among 2068 prisoners, 372 (18%) had a positive cough screen...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659361/-one-hundred-years-after-the-spanish-flu
#3
Isabel A Lüthy, Viviana Ritacco, Isabel N Kantor
The "Spanish" flu pandemic, which occurred a century ago, is considered the most devastating in human history. An estimated one third of world population fell ill with flu and more than 2.5% of them died. The course of the epidemic had two main waves (1918 and 1919) and showed an unusual W-shaped morbidity/mortality distribution. Death was not a direct outcome of flu itself but rather a consequence of secondary bacterial bronchopneumonia, for which antibiotics had not yet been discovered. Pre-existing pulmonary tuberculosis was also accountable for increased flu death rates during the pandemic...
2018: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627293/-tuberculous-pseudotumour-a-challenging-diagnosis
#4
H Snene, A Ben Mansour, S Toujani, N Ben Salah, M Mjid, Y Ouahchi, N Mehiri, M Beji, J Cherif, B Louzir
INTRODUCTION: The pseudotumorous form of tuberculosis is a rare entity. Whatever its location, it can simulate neoplasia by its radiological and/or endoscopic appearances. We highlight the diagnostic difficulties associated with this type of presentation. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of inpatient records from 2003 to 2016 in the pneumology department of La Rabta Hospital to identify cases of thoracic tuberculous pseudo-tumor. RESULTS: Seventeen patients were identified...
April 5, 2018: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623632/out-of-pocket-expenditures-indirect-costs-and-health-related-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-thailand
#5
Pimwara Tanvejsilp, Mark Loeb, Jonathan Dushoff, Feng Xie
BACKGROUND: Thailand's hospitals may adopt different supervision approaches to improve tuberculosis (TB) treatment adherence. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditures, indirect costs, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among TB patients who received pharmaceutical care (pharmacist-led patient education and telephone consultation), home visit, and self-administered therapy (SAT) in Thailand. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study to collect OOP expenditures, indirect costs, and HRQoL from a subsample of 104 adult pulmonary TB patients who started treatment between January and May 2014 in three hospitals...
September 13, 2017: PharmacoEconomics Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610667/a-survey-of-knowledge-attitude-and-practices-of-private-retail-pharmacies-staff-in-tuberculosis-care-study-from-dera-ismail-khan-city-pakistan
#6
Tehmina Mustafa, Yasir Shahzad, Ayyaz Kiani
Background: In order to engage pharmacies in tuberculosis (TB) care, a survey was conducted in the Dera Ismail (DI) Khan City of the Khyber Pakhtoon Khwa province, Pakistan. The objectives were to; 1) characterize the retail pharmacies; 2) determine knowledge of the staff on various aspects of pulmonary TB; 3) determine practices related to the sale of anti-TB drugs, and referrals of presumptive TB patient, and willingness to participate in the National Tuberculosis Control Programme's (NTP) Directly Observed Treatment Short-Course (DOTS) strategy...
2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605210/a-review-of-the-etiology-and-clinical-presentation-of-non-cystic-fibrosis-bronchiectasis-a-tertiary-care-experience
#7
Ozlem Satırer, Ayse Mete Yesil, Nagehan Emiralioglu, Gökcen Dilsa Tugcu, Ebru Yalcın, Deniz Dogru, Nural Kiper, Ugur Ozcelik
INTRODUCTION: Non-cystic fibrosis(CF) bronchiectasis has been recognized in children for the past 200 years. Early childhood pneumonia and underlying conditions such as immunodeficiency, primary ciliary dyskinesia(PCD), and congenital lung pathology should be considered in the etiology. The aim of our study was to describe the clinical characteristics, laboratory, and radiological findings of a large population of patients with non-CF bronchiectasis at a tertiary center. METHODS: We analyzed the clinical findings of 187 patients diagnosed with non-CF bronchiectasis over a period of 10 years (January 2005-December 2015) at the Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine Department of Pediatric Pulmonology...
April 2018: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597050/did-fr%C3%A3-d%C3%A3-ric-chopin-die-from-heart-failure
#8
A Perciaccante, P Charlier, C Negri, A Coralli, O Appenzeller, R Bianucci
On October 17, 1849, Poland's greatest composer, Frédéric Chopin (1810-1849) died aged 39. His cause of death remains unknown. An investigation of the documental sources was performed to reconstrcuct the medical history of the artist. Since his earliest years, his life had been dominated by poor health. Recurrent episodes of cough, fever, headaches, lymphadenopathy- a series of symptoms that may be attributed to viral respiratory infections- manifested in his teens. Later in life, he had chest pain, hemoptysis, hematemesis, neuralgia, and arthralgia...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Cardiac Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595504/tuberculosis-transmission-during-the-subclinical-period-could-unrelated-cough-play-a-part
#9
Hanif Esmail, Peter J Dodd, Rein M G J Houben
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594190/complex-pulmonary-aspergilloma-surgical-challenges-in-a-third-world-setting
#10
Bernadette Ngo Nonga, Guy Aristide Bang, Bonaventure Jemea, Eric Savom, Perfura Yone, Ngahane Mbatchou, Jean Jacques Ze
Background: Surgery for pulmonary aspergilloma (PA), especially complex forms, is greatly challenging in a resource-poor setting such as Cameroon. We report our experience of surgical management of PA in this environment. Method: We prospectively assessed patients who underwent surgery for PA from January 2012 to May 2015, at the University Hospital Center of Yaoundé. Records were reviewed for demographics, history and physical examinations, radiological findings, surgical procedures, and outcomes...
2018: Surgery Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582318/clinical-mimics-an-emergency-medicine-focused-review-of-pneumonia-mimics
#11
REVIEW
Drew Alan Long, Brit Long, Alex Koyfman
Pneumonia is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in adults in the United States. While pneumonia classically presents with a fever, cough, and shortness of breath, the presentation can vary widely in adults. This review evaluates history and physical examination findings of pneumonia and several conditions that mimic pneumonia. Pneumonia is a potentially deadly disease. History and examination findings are variable in pneumonia, and many conditions mimic pneumonia. These conditions include pulmonary embolism, diffuse interstitial lung disease, endocarditis, vasculitis, diffuse alveolar hemorrhage, acute decompensated heart failure, tuberculosis, lung cancer, and acute respiratory distress syndrome...
March 26, 2018: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579429/tuberculosis-related-stigma-and-its-effect-on-the-delay-for-sputum-examination-under-the-revised-national-tuberculosis-control-program-in-india
#12
Arupkumar Chakrabartty, Pampa Basu, Kazi Monjur Ali, Aditi Kishore Sarkar, Debidas Ghosh
BACKGROUND: One major barrier to achieve goal of tuberculosis (TB) control program globally, is the stigma attached to the disease. Perceived stigma can delay sputum test in time. Delay will lead to spread of infection in the community. There is no scientific information available in India exactly looking into the association between delay in sputum examination and stigma. AIM: We conducted a study in rural West Bengal among persons with cough for 2 weeks or more to assess their level of stigma, its influence on delay for sputum test and identify factors those shape the level of stigma...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579428/socio-demographic-profile-and-outcome-of-tb-patients-registered-at-dtc-rewa-of-central-india
#13
Rohit Trivedi Rohit, Anjana Niranjan, Paharam Adhikari Pawan
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis is a specific infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The disease is usually chronic with cardinal features such as persistent cough with or without expectoration, intermittent fever, and loss of appetite, weight loss, chest pain and hemoptysis. OBJECTIVE: (1) To assess the socio-demographic profile of the patients attending DOTS Center. (2) To assess outcome of treatment under DOTS Center. METHODOLOGY: This is a Prospective Longitudinal study conducted among the patients attending DOTS center of DTC located at S...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579426/prevalence-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-among-adults-in-selected-slums-of-delhi-city
#14
Rohit Sarin, Vikram Vohra, U K Khalid, Prem Prakash Sharma, Vineet Chadha, M A Sharada
BACKGROUND: A survey was carried out to estimate the point prevalence of bacteriologically positive pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) among persons ≥15 years of age residing in Jhuggi-Jhopri (JJ) colonies - urban slums in Delhi, India implementing Directly Observed Treatment strategy since 1998. METHODS: Among 12 JJ colonies selected by simple random sampling, persons having persistent cough for ≥2 weeks at the time of the survey or cough of any duration along with history of contact/currently on ant-TB treatment/known HIV positive were subjected to sputum examination - 2 specimens, by smear microscopy for Acid Fast Bacilli and culture for Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564278/thrombocytopenia-in-hiv-patients-coinfected-with-tuberculosis
#15
A S Sandhya, Brijesh Prajapat
Thrombocytopenia is one of the most common hematological manifestations seen in HIV patients with approximately 40% of the patients developing thrombocytopenia during their course of illness. Opportunistic infection like tuberculosis is a rare but curative cause of thrombocytopenia in these patients. Clinically, it is a challenge to determine the exact cause and decide the treatment of thrombocytopenia in these patients as both infections can lead to significant thrombocytopenia by varied mechanisms. The treatment options are limited by drug antitubercular treatment highly active antiretroviral therapy (ATT and HAART)-induced thrombocytopenia...
October 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560021/evaluating-a-framework-for-tuberculosis-screening-among-healthcare-workers-in-clinical-settings-inner-mongolia-china
#16
Shiming Cheng, Deanna Tollefson, Guangxue He, Yuan Li, Hui Guo, Shua Chai, Fangfang Gao, Fei Gao, Guoxin Han, Liping Ren, Yulin Ren, Jianbo Li, Lixia Wang, Jay K Varma, Dongmei Hu, Haiying Fan, Fei Zhao, Emily Bloss, Yu Wang, Carol Y Rao
Background: Health care workers are at high risk for tuberculosis (TB). China, a high burden TB country, has no policy on medical surveillance for TB among healthcare workers. In this paper, we evaluate whether China's national TB diagnostic guidelines could be used as a framework to screen healthcare workers for pulmonary TB disease in a clinical setting in China. Methods: Between April-August 2010, healthcare workers from 28 facilities in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China were eligible for TB screening, comprised of symptom check, chest X-ray and tuberculin skin testing...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559307/cough-frequency-during-treatment-associated-with-baseline-cavitary-volume-and-proximity-to-the-airway-in-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#17
Alvaro Proaño, David Bui, José W López, Nancy M Vu, Marjory A Bravard, Gwenyth O Lee, Brian H Tracey, Ziyue Xu, Germán Comina, Eduardo Ticona, Daniel J Mollura, Jon S Friedland, David A J Moore, Carlton A Evans, Philip Caligiuri, Robert H Gilman
BACKGROUND: Cough frequency, and its duration, is a lab-free biomarker that can be used in low-resource settings and has been associated with transmission and treatment response. Radiological characteristics associated with increased cough frequency may be important in understanding transmission. The relationship between cough frequency and cavitary lung disease has never been studied. METHODS: We analyzed 41 human immunodeficiency virus-negative adults with culture-confirmed, drug-susceptible pulmonary tuberculosis throughout treatment...
March 17, 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553083/first-things-first-importance-of-eosinophil-count-in-diagnosing-occult-parasites
#18
Nitin Gupta, Animesh Ray, Sudeshna Ghosh, Sundeep Malla, Surabhi Vyas
Tropical pulmonary eosinophilia (TPE) is a rare allergic manifestation to the filarial nematode. A 38-year old male and a 15-year old female presented with cough and breathlessness. Their complete blood count showed eosinophilia. This finding was overshadowed by the radiological findings suggestive of tuberculosis. The diagnosis of TPE was confirmed by filarial antigen detection test and both the patients were successfully treated with diethylcarbamazine. TPE presents with cough and breathlessness and can be often confused with tuberculosis, especially in endemic settings...
2018: Drug Discoveries & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545426/coinfection-of-leprosy-and-tuberculosis
#19
Seema Shetty, Shashikiran Umakanth, Bhawani Manandhar, Pankaj Bahadur Nepali
Leprosy and tuberculosis (TB) are endemic to India, however, their coinfection is not frequently encountered in clinical practice. Here, we report a 32-year-old female patient who presented with a history of high-grade intermittent fever, cough and painless skin lesions since a month, along with bilateral claw hand (on examination). The haematological profile was suggestive of anaemia of chronic disease, chest radiograph showed consolidation, sputum smears were positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and skin slit smear confirmed leprosy...
March 15, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545423/disseminated-tuberculous-lymphadenitis-presenting-as-cervical-mass-in-patient-with-hiv-infection-worsening-after-antiretroviral-initiation-diagnosis-and-treatment-challenges
#20
Alain Bruno Tagne Nouemssi
Tuberculosis (TB) continues to represent an important public health challenge in the world and the USA, especially given its association with HIV infection and population migration. Cervical tuberculous lymphadenitis represents the most common extrapulmonary presentation of TB in the USA. Considerations for other causes of neck mass often contribute to delay in diagnosis. In this report, we describe the case of a 41-year-old man who presented with painful swelling of the neck and was diagnosed with tuberculous lymphadenitis, complicated by HIV therapy-associated immune reconstitution syndrome...
March 15, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
keyword
keyword
69634
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"