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Renée J Roberts, Ashley E Wilson, Zenaide Quezado
Six Sigma and Lean methodologies are effective quality improvement tools in many health care settings. We applied the DMAIC methodology (define, measure, analyze, improve, control) to address deficiencies in our pediatric anesthesia supply chain. We defined supply chain problems by mapping existing processes and soliciting comments from those involved. We used daily distance walked by anesthesia technicians and number of callouts for missing supplies as measurements that we analyzed before and after implementing improvements (anesthesia cart redesign)...
October 3, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Jin-Bo Han, Guo-Qing Li, Pin-Jun Wan, Tao-Tao Zhu, Qing-Wei Meng
Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) is a family of multifunctional enzymes that are involved in detoxification of poisonous compounds. In the present paper, the Leptinotarsa decemlineata genome and transcriptome dataset were mined and 30 GST genes were identified. These GSTs belonged to cytosolic (29 genes) and microsomal (1 gene) classes. Among them 3 GSTs (LdGSTe2, LdGSTs4, and LdGSTo3) possessed splice variants. Of the 29 cytosolic LdGSTs, 3, 10, 5, 4, 4, and 1 members were classified as delta, epsilon, omega, sigma, theta, and zeta subclasses respectively, along with 2 unclassified genes...
October 2016: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
Rohan Kapoor, Subramanian Ramasamy, Alessandro Gardi, Chad Bieber, Larry Silverberg, Roberto Sabatini
Navigation and guidance systems are a critical part of any autonomous vehicle. In this paper, a novel sensor grid using 40 KHz ultrasonic transmitters is presented for adoption in indoor 3D positioning applications. In the proposed technique, a vehicle measures the arrival time of incoming ultrasonic signals and calculates the position without broadcasting to the grid. This system allows for conducting silent or covert operations and can also be used for the simultaneous navigation of a large number of vehicles...
October 8, 2016: Sensors
Edward C Lauterbach
Dextromethorphan (DM) may have ketamine-like rapid-acting, treatment-resistant, and conventional antidepressant effects.(1,2) This reports our initial experience with DM in unipolar Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). A patient with treatment-resistant MDD (failing adequate trials of citalopram and vortioxetine) with loss of antidepressant response (to fluoxetine and bupropion) twice experienced a rapid-acting antidepressant effect within 48 hours of DM administration and lasting 7 days, sustained up to 20 days with daily administration, then gradually developing labile loss of antidepressant response over the ensuing 7 days...
August 15, 2016: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
Minhan Ka, Yeon-Hee Kook, Ke Liao, Shilpa Buch, Woo-Yang Kim
Cocaine is a highly addictive narcotic associated with dendritic spine plasticity in the striatum. However, it remains elusive whether cocaine modifies spines in a cell type-specific or region-specific manner or whether it alters different types of synapses in the brain. In addition, there is a paucity of data on the regulatory mechanism(s) involved in cocaine-induced modification of spine density. In the current study, we report that cocaine exposure differentially alters spine density, spine morphology, and the types of synapses in hippocampal and cortical neurons...
October 13, 2016: Cell Death & Disease
Laam Li, Sébastien P Faucher
The water-borne pathogen Legionella pneumophila (Lp) strongly expresses the lpg1659 gene in water. This gene encodes a hypothetical protein predicted to be a membrane protein using in silico analysis. While no conserved domains were identified in Lpg1659, similar proteins are found in many Legionella species and other aquatic bacteria. RT-qPCR showed that lpg1659 is positively regulated by the alternative sigma factor RpoS, which is essential for Lp to survive in water. These observations suggest an important role of this novel protein in the survival of Lp in water...
2016: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Xia Zhao, Canhuang Chen, Xingyu Jiang, Wei Shen, Guangtao Huang, Shuai Le, Shuguang Lu, Lingyun Zou, Qingshan Ni, Ming Li, Yan Zhao, Jing Wang, Xiancai Rao, Fuquan Hu, Yinling Tan
The impact of phage infection on the host cell is severe. In order to take over the cellular machinery, some phage proteins were produced to shut off the host biosynthesis early in the phage infection. The discovery and identification of these phage-derived inhibitors have a significant prospect of application in antibacterial treatment. This work presented a phage protein, gp70.1, with non-specific inhibitory effects on Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli. Gp70.1 was encoded by early gene - orf 70...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Beatriz B Lustosa, Bertha Polegato, Marcos Minicucci, Bruna Rafacho, Priscila P Santos, Ana Angélica Fernandes, Katashi Okoshi, Diego Batista, Pamela Modesto, Andrea Gonçalves, Elenize J Pereira, Vanessa Pires, Sergio Paiva, Leonardo Zornoff, Paula S Azevedo
BACKGROUND: Considering the high morbidity and mortality after myocardial infarction (MI), the study of compounds with potential benefits for cardiac remodeling is reasonable. Green tea (GT) (Cammellia sinensis) is the most consumed beverage in the world. The potential action mechanisms of GT include anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic, antioxidant, and lipid-lowering properties. OBJECTIVE: This study analyzed the effects of GT on cardiac remodeling following coronary occlusion in rats...
October 2, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Trent Conroy, Madhura Manohar, Yu Gong, Shane M Wilkinson, Michael Webster, Brian P Lieberman, Samuel D Banister, Tristan A Reekie, Robert H Mach, Louis M Rendina, Michael Kassiou
The sigma-1 receptor (S1R) has attracted a great deal of attention as a prospective drug target due to its involvement in numerous neurological disorders and, more recently, for its therapeutic potential in neuropathic pain. As there was no crystal structure of this membrane-bound protein reported until 2016, ligand generation was driven by pharmacophore refinements to the general model suggested by Glennon and co-workers. The generalised S1R pharmacophore comprises a central region where a basic amino group is preferred, flanked by two hydrophobic groups...
October 4, 2016: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Ryo Iikubo, Taro Sekikawa, Yu Harabuchi, Tetsuya Taketsugu
Femtosecond ring-opening dynamics of 1,3-cyclohexadiene (CHD) in gas phase upon two-photon excitation at 400 nm (=3.1 eV) was investigated by time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy using 42 nm (=29.5 eV) high harmonic photons probing the dynamics of the lower-lying occupied molecular orbitals (MOs), which are the fingerprints of the molecular structure. After 500 fs, the photoelectron intensity of the MO constituting the C[double bond, length as m-dash]C sigma bond (σC[double bond, length as m-dash]C) of CHD was enhanced, while that of the MO forming the C-C sigma bond (σCC) of CHD was decreased...
September 16, 2016: Faraday Discussions
Atsushi Tahara, Hiromasa Tanaka, Yusuke Sunada, Yoshihito Shiota, Kazunari Yoshizawa, Hideo Nagashima
The mechanisms associated with the hydrogenation of alkenes catalyzed by the iron complex Fe(cis-CO)2{o-(SiMe2)2C6H4}2(H)2 (1) were investigated by DFT calculations. The complex 1 has a structure in which the iron center is bonded to four silicon atoms and two hydrides. Secondary Si…H…Si interactions were also observed. The exchange of a 1,2-bis(dimethylsilyl)benzene ligand with ethylene and hydrogen gives a disilaferracycle bearing Eta2-(CH2=CH2) and Eta2-H2 ligands. The catalytic cycle initiated from the disilaferracycle involves cleavage of a H-H linkage assisted by an Fe-Si bond to form Fe-H and Eta1-(H-Si) moieties (step 1), hydrogen migration from the Fe-H group to the Eta2-(CH2=CH2) ligand which accomplishes the insertion of ethylene into the Fe-H bond (step 2) and reaction of the resulting beta-agostic ethyl moiety with the Eta2-(H-Si) group to form ethane on the iron atom (step 3)...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Melissa S D'Andrea, P Marco Fisichella
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain remains undertreated in critically ill patients. We hypothesized that the adequacy of pain control in our Surgical Intensive Care Unit (SICU) was above the reported average of 71 % in the literature and that the introduction of the critical care pain observation tool (CPOT) could improve it. We used a Lean Six Sigma methodology to improve our processes and quantify our improvement. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively review 713 consecutive veterans admitted to our SICU...
October 4, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
Ronda F Greaves, Lisa Jolly, Michaela F Hartmann, Chung Shun Ho, Richard K T Kam, John Joseph, Conchita Boyder, Stefan A Wudy
BACKGROUND: Serum dihydrotestosterone (DHT) is an important analyte for the clinical assessment of disorders of sex development. It is also reportedly a difficult analyte to measure. Currently, there are significant gaps in the standardisation of this analyte, including no external quality assurance (EQA) program available worldwide to allow for peer review performance of DHT. We therefore proposed to establish a pilot EQA program for serum DHT. METHODS: DHT was assessed in the 2015 Royal College of Pathologists of Australasia Quality Assurance Programs' Endocrine program material...
October 4, 2016: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
Guoliang Du, Zongmao Zhao, Yonghan Chen, Zonghao Li, Yaohui Tian, Zhifeng Liu, Bin Liu, Jianqiang Song
OBJECTIVE: Neuronal autophagy and apoptosis play an irreplaceable role in brain injury pathogenesis and may represent a hopeful target for treatment. Previous studies have demonstrated that administration of quercetin-attenuated brain damage in a variety of brain injury models including traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, whether PI3K/Akt signaling pathway mediates the neuroprotection of quercetin following TBI is not well clarified. We sought to propose a hypothesis that quercetin could attenuate neuronal autophagy and apoptosis via enhancing PI3K/Akt signaling...
October 3, 2016: Neurological Research
Nicholas P Godman, Sonya K Adas, Karl M Hellwig, David W Ball, Gary J Balaich, Scott T Iacono
A series of 1,3-diphenyl-6-alkyl/arylfulvenes was prepared, and the electrochemical properties were investigated. The addition of phenyl groups about the fulvene raised the reduction potential and helped to stabilize the electrochemically generated radical anion. The addition of various functional groups onto the phenyl ring at the 6-position of 1,3,6-triphenylfulvene results in a linear free energy relationship between reduction potential and the Hammett substituent constant, σ. Further extending the conjugation at the 6-position of 1,3-diphenyl-6-arylfulvenes increases the reversibility of the redox reactions, but does not appear to further stabilize the generated radical anion...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Satoshi Matsuoka, Takahiro Seki, Kouji Matsumoto, Hiroshi Hara
Glucolipids in Bacillus subtilis are synthesized by UgtP processively transferring glucose from UDP-glucose to diacylglycerol. Here we conclude that the abnormal morphology of a ugtP mutant is caused by lack of glucolipids, since the same morphology arises after abolition of glucolipid production by disruption of pgcA and gtaB, which are involved in UDP-glucose synthesis. Conversely, expression of a monoglucosyldiacylglycerol (MGlcDG) produced by 1,2-diacylglycerol 3-glucosyltransferase from Acholeplasma laidlawii (alMGS) almost completely suppressed the ugtP disruptant phenotype...
December 2016: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
Attila Szabo, Attila Kovacs, Jordi Riba, Srdjan Djurovic, Eva Rajnavolgyi, Ede Frecska
N,N-dimethyltryptamine (DMT) is a potent endogenous hallucinogen present in the brain of humans and other mammals. Despite extensive research, its physiological role remains largely unknown. Recently, DMT has been found to activate the sigma-1 receptor (Sig-1R), an intracellular chaperone fulfilling an interface role between the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and mitochondria. It ensures the correct transmission of ER stress into the nucleus resulting in the enhanced production of antistress and antioxidant proteins...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Mika Naganawa, Shu-Fei Lin, Keunpoong Lim, David Labaree, Jim Ropchan, Paul Harris, Yiyun Huang, Masanori Ichise, Richard E Carson, Gary W Cline
INTRODUCTION: (18)F-Fluoropropyl-(+)-dihydrotetrabenazine ((18)F-FP-(+)-DTBZ) is a vesicular monoamine transporter type 2 (VMAT2) radiotracer for positron emission tomography (PET) imaging to quantify human β-cell mass. Renal cortex and spleen have been suggested as reference regions, however, little is known about (18)F-FP-(+)-DTBZ binding in these regions including the fraction of radiometabolite. We compared the kinetics of (18)F-FP-(+)-DTBZ and its inactive enantiomer (18)F-FP-(-)-DTBZ in baboons, estimated the non-displaceable binding (VND) of the tracers, and used ex vivo studies to measure radiometabolite fractions...
September 2, 2016: Nuclear Medicine and Biology
Youngmin Han, Kyoung-Tae Kim
OBJECTIVE: Recently, regenerative therapies have been used in clinical trials (heart, cartilage, skeletal). We don't make use of these treatments to spinal cord injury (SCI) patients yet, but regenerative therapies are rising interest in recent study about SCI. Neural precursor/stem cell (NPSC) proliferation is a significant event in functional recovery of the central nervous system (CNS). However, brain NPSCs and spinal cord NPSCs (SC-NPSCs) have many differences including gene expression and proliferation...
September 2016: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Fadil M Hannan, Valerie N Babinsky, Rajesh V Thakker
The extracellular calcium (Ca(2+) o)-sensing receptor (CaSR) is a family C G protein-coupled receptor, which detects alterations in Ca(2+) o concentrations and modulates parathyroid hormone secretion and urinary calcium excretion. The central role of the CaSR in Ca(2+) o homeostasis has been highlighted by the identification of mutations affecting the CASR gene on chromosome 3q21.1. Loss-of-function CASR mutations cause familial hypocalciuric hypercalcaemia (FHH), whereas gain-of-function mutations lead to autosomal dominant hypocalcaemia (ADH)...
October 2016: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
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