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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535332/interventions-for-treating-anxiety-after-stroke
#1
REVIEW
Peter Knapp, C Alexia Campbell Burton, John Holmes, Jenni Murray, David Gillespie, C Elizabeth Lightbody, Caroline L Watkins, Ho-Yan Y Chun, Sharon R Lewis
BACKGROUND: Approximately 20% of stroke patients experience clinically significant levels of anxiety at some point after stroke. Physicians can treat these patients with antidepressants or other anxiety-reducing drugs, or both, or they can provide psychological therapy. This review looks at available evidence for these interventions. This is an update of the review first published in October 2011. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to assess the effectiveness of pharmaceutical, psychological, complementary, or alternative therapeutic interventions in treating stroke patients with anxiety disorders or symptoms...
May 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534684/observed-deficiencies-in-medical-student-knowledge-of-transgender-and-intersex-health
#2
Jennifer J Liang, Ivy H Gardner, Jacob A Walker, Joshua D Safer
BACKGROUND: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) patients face many well-documented disparities in care which among transgender and intersex people can often be traced to providers' lack of knowledge. METHODS: We administered surveys to examine the self-assessed knowledge and attitudes of all medical students at Boston University regarding different LGBTI subpopulations. Survey questions were based on a Likert scale from 1-5; analysis was conducted with Wilcoxon rank sum test...
May 23, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533773/high-sporozoite-antibody-titers-in-conjunction-with-microscopically-detectable-blood-infection-display-signatures-of-protection-from-clinical-malaria
#3
Vittoria Offeddu, Ally Olotu, Faith Osier, Kevin Marsh, Kai Matuschewski, Vandana Thathy
Immunoepidemiological studies typically reveal slow, age-dependent acquisition of immune responses against Plasmodium falciparum sporozoites. Naturally acquired immunity against preerythrocytic stages is considered inadequate to confer protection against clinical malaria. To explore previously unrecognized antisporozoite responses, we measured serum levels of naturally acquired antibodies to whole Plasmodium falciparum sporozoites (Pfspz) and the immunodominant (NANP)5 repeats of the major sporozoite surface protein, circumsporozoite protein, in a well-characterized Kenyan cohort...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531148/early-childhood-dental-caries-mouth-pain-and-malnutrition-in-the-ecuadorian-amazon-region
#4
Marvin So, Yianni A Ellenikiotis, Hannah M Husby, Cecilia Leonor Paz, Brittany Seymour, Karen Sokal-Gutierrez
Malnutrition and dental caries in early childhood remain persistent and intertwined global health challenges, particularly for indigenous and geographically-remote populations. To examine the prevalence and associations between early childhood dental caries, parent-reported mouth pain and malnutrition in the Amazonian region of Ecuador, we conducted a cross-sectional study of the oral health and nutrition status of 1407 children from birth through age 6 in the "Alli Kiru" program (2011-2013). We used multivariate regression analysis to examine relationships between severe caries, parent-reported mouth pain measures, and nutritional status...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528196/a-review-of-psychiatric-co-morbidity-described-in-genetic-and-immune-mediated-movement-disorders
#5
REVIEW
K J Peall, M S Lorentzos, I Heyman, M A J Tijssen, M J Owen, R C Dale, M A Kurian
Psychiatric symptoms are an increasingly recognised feature of movement disorders. Recent identification of causative genes and autoantibodies has allowed detailed analysis of aetiologically homogenous subgroups, thereby enabling determination of the spectrum of psychiatric symptoms in these disorders. This review evaluates the incidence and type of psychiatric symptoms encountered in patients with movement disorders. A broad spectrum of psychiatric symptoms was identified across all subtypes of movement disorder, with depression, generalised anxiety disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder being most common...
May 17, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526598/breathe-easy-5-steps-to-better-breathing-with-your-metered-dose-inhaler-mdi
#6
Evan H Allie, Ellen B O'Kelley, Katie H Fischesser, Lawrence B Stack, Donald H Arnold
Proper use of the metered-dose inhaler (MDI) is essential for medications to prevent and treat acute asthma exacerbations. This training video teaches children and clinicians correct technique for MDI use.
May 13, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526377/orange-juice-allied-to-a-reduced-calorie-diet-results-in-weight-loss-and-ameliorates-obesity-related-biomarkers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Carolina Ribeiro, Grace Dourado, Thais Cesar
OBJECTIVE: Assumptions have linked orange juice (OJ) consumption with weight gain and adverse effects on health due to its sugar content; however, epidemiologic studies have not shown increased risk for overweight or obesity with the consumption of 100% OJ. The aim of this study was to verify whether the combination of a reduced-calorie diet (RCD) and 100% OJ contribute to weight loss, promote changes in glucose and lipid metabolism, and improve diet quality in obese individuals. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial with 78 obese patients (age 36 ± 1 y, body mass index [BMI] 33 ± 3 kg/m(2)) were enrolled in two groups: Individuals in the OJ group submitted to an RCD that included OJ (500 mL/d), and individuals in the control group submitted to an RCD without OJ...
June 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524765/what-can-critical-suicidology-do
#8
Jennifer White
Critical suicidology is an emerging area of scholarship and praxis that brings together academics, community activists, service users, practitioners, policy makers, family members and persons with lived experience, to rethink what it means to study suicide and enact practices of suicide prevention in more diverse and creative, less psycho-centric and less depoliticized, ways. In this paper I begin to articulate what it might mean to "think like a critical suicidologist," the questions that might get asked from this position, the academic and activist allies who might get recruited to the cause, and the potential cracks we might open up in pursuit of a more hopeful, life-affirming, and just future...
May 19, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524702/school-success-and-participation-for-students-with-cerebral-palsy-a-qualitative-study-exploring-multiple-perspectives
#9
Helen M Bourke-Taylor, Claire Cotter, Aislinn Lalor, Lindy Johnson
PURPOSE: This qualitative study investigated perceived successful school experiences for students with cerebral palsy in Australia. Participation and appropriate support in school are complex concepts, although few studies have investigated all stakeholders' perspectives. METHODS: Phenomenology informed the study that centered on the concept of a successful school experience. In-depth interviews occurred with students (n = 7), parents (n = 11), teachers (n = 10), school principals (n = 9) and allied health practitioners (n = 10) to gain the perspective from multiple vantage points...
May 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520685/pelvic-fracture-pattern-predicts-the-need-for-hemorrhage-control-intervention-results-of-an-aast-multi-institutional-study
#10
Todd W Costantini, Raul Coimbra, John B Holcomb, Jeanette M Podbielski, Richard D Catalano, Allie Blackburn, Thomas M Scalea, Deborah M Stein, Lashonda Williams, Joseph Conflitti, Scott Keeney, Christy Hoey, Tianhua Zhou, Jason Sperry, Dimitra Skiada, Kenji Inaba, Brian H Williams, Joseph P Minei, Alicia Privette, Robert C Mackersie, Brenton R Robinson, Forrest O Moore
BACKGROUND: Early identification of patients with pelvic fractures at risk of severe bleeding requiring intervention is critical. We performed a multi-institutional study to test our hypothesis that pelvic fracture patterns predict the need for a pelvic hemorrhage control intervention. METHODS: This prospective, observational, multicenter study enrolled patients with pelvic fracture due to blunt trauma. Inclusion criteria included shock on admission (systolic blood pressure <90 mm Hg or heart rate >120 beats/min and base deficit >5, and the ability to review pelvic imaging)...
June 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515478/molecular-phylogenetics-and-biogeography-of-the-mint-tribe-elsholtzieae-nepetoideae-lamiaceae-with-an-emphasis-on-its-diversification-in-east-asia
#11
Pan Li, Zhe-Chen Qi, Lu-Xian Liu, Tetsuo Ohi-Toma, Joongku Lee, Tsung-Hsin Hsieh, Cheng-Xin Fu, Kenneth M Cameron, Ying-Xiong Qiu
Elsholtzia and its allied genera such as Collinsonia and Perilla (tribe Elsholtzieae, Lamiaceae) are an ecologically and economically important plant group consisting of ~71 species, with most species distributed in East and Southeast Asia, and several species in North America. Their phylogeny and historical biogeography resulting in a distant intercontinental disjunction are poorly understood. Here we use two nuclear (ETS, ITS) and five chloroplast (rbcL, matK, trnL-F, ycf1, ycf1-rps15) fragments to reconstruct the phylogeny, biogeographic history, and patterns of diversification of Elsholtzieae...
May 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515187/reducing-social-isolation-and-loneliness-in-older-people-a-systematic-review-protocol
#12
Filipa Landeiro, Paige Barrows, Ellen Nuttall Musson, Alastair M Gray, José Leal
INTRODUCTION: Social isolation and loneliness affect approximately one-third to one-half of the elderly population and have a negative impact on their physical and mental health. Group-based interventions where facilitators are well trained and where the elderly are actively engaged in their development seem to be more effective, but conclusions have been limited by weak study designs. We aim to conduct a systematic review to assess the effectiveness of health promotion interventions on social isolation or loneliness in older people...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514641/mapping-workforce-configuration-and-operational-models-in-australian-emergency-departments-a-national-survey
#13
Glenn Gardner, Anne Gardner, Sandy Middleton, Julie Considine, Gerard Fitzgerald, Luke Christofis, Anna Doubrovsky, Margaret Adams, Jane O'Connell
Objective Hospital emergency departments (ED) in Australia and internationally have been experiencing increased demand, resulting in reduced hospital quality, impaired access and adverse health outcomes. Effective evaluation of new ED service models and their effect on outcomes is reliant on baseline measures of the staffing configuration and organisational characteristics of the EDs being studied. The aim of the present study was to comprehensively measure these variables in Australian EDs.Methods Australian hospital EDs with 24-h medical and nursing cover were identified and invited to participate in the study...
May 18, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512066/use-of-electroencephalography-brain-computer-interface-systems-as-a-rehabilitative-approach-for-upper-limb-function-after-a-stroke-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Esther Monge-Pereira, Jaime Ibañez-Pereda, Isabel M Alguacil-Diego, Jose I Serrano, María P Spottorno-Rubio, Francisco Molina-Rueda
BACKGROUND: Brain computer interface (BCI) systems have been suggested as a promising tool for neurorehabilitation. However, to date, there is a lack of homogeneous findings. Furthermore, no systematic reviews have analyzed the degree of validation of these interventions for upper limb (UL) motor rehabilitation post-stroke. OBJECTIVES: To compile all available studies that assess an UL intervention based on an electroencephalography (EEG) - BCI system in stroke...
May 13, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511808/astaxanthin-from-shrimp-efficiently-modulates-oxidative-stress-and-allied-cell-death-progression-in-mcf-7-cells-treated-synergistically-with-%C3%AE-carotene-and-lutein-from-greens
#15
Poorigali Raghavendra-Rao Sowmya, Bangalore Prabhashankar Arathi, Kariyappa Vijay, Vallikannan Baskaran, Rangaswamy Lakshminarayana
This study investigated the synergistic efficacy of keto-carotenoid astaxanthin (AST, from shrimp) plus hydrocarbon (β-carotene, BC) and hydroxyl (lutein, L) carotenoids (from greens) on molecular events in MCF-7 cells. MCF-7 cells were treated with either of carotenoid (20 μM, AST or BC or L) separately or the mixture of them (an equimolar concentration of carotenoids mixture, CM) or saponified carotenoid extract from shrimp (SSCE) for 48 h and analyzed cellular uptake, cytotoxicity, and apoptosis. The IC50 and combination-index values of AST co-treatment with a lower concentration of BC and L (5 μM) exhibited enhanced cytotoxicity and oxidative stress as compared with individual carotenoids or SSCE...
May 13, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510354/that-s-what-friends-are-for-how-intergroup-friendships-promote-historically-disadvantaged-groups-substantive-political-representation
#16
Andrej Kokkonen, David Karlsson
The interests of historically disadvantaged groups risk being overlooked if they are not present in the decision-making process. However, a mere presence in politics does not guarantee political success. Often groups need allies to promote their interests successfully. We argue that one way to identify such allies is to judge politicians by whether they have friends in historically disadvantaged groups, as intergroup friendships have been shown to make people understand and feel empathy for outgroups. In other words, intergroup friendships may function as an important complement to descriptive representation...
May 16, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510203/begonia-myanmarica-begoniaceae-a-new-species-from-myanmar-and-molecular-phylogenetics-of-begonia-sect-monopteron
#17
Yu-Hsin Tseng, Young-Dong Kim, Ching-I Peng, Khin Myo Htwe, Seong-Hyun Cho, Yoshiko Kono, Kuo-Fang Chung
BACKGROUND: A new species, Begonia myanmarica, was discovered from Myanmar and herein documented. Characterized by a single developed wing in the ovary/fruit, this species would be assigned to sect. Monopteron (sensu Doorenbos et al. in The sections of Begonia including descriptions, keys and species lists: studies in Begoniaceae VI. Wageningen Agricultural University, Wageningen, 1998) that is known by B. griffithiana and B. nepalensis from the Himalaya. To confirm its sectional assignment, we conducted morphological, phylogenetic and cytological studies...
December 2017: Botanical Studies (Taipei, Taiwan)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509624/the-role-of-evidence-based-therapy-relationships-on-treatment-outcome-for-adults-with-trauma-a-systematic-review
#18
Amy E Ellis, Vanessa Simiola, Laura Brown, Christine Courtois, Joan M Cook
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper was to systematically review and synthesize the empirical literature on the effects of evidence-based therapy relationship (EBR) variables in the psychological treatment for adults who experienced trauma-related distress. METHOD: Studies were identified using comprehensive searches of PsycINFO, Medline, Published International Literature on Traumatic Stress, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature databases...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506821/development-of-a-bioassay-as-a-measure-of-drozitumab-mediated-apoptosis-induced-by-soluble-fc-gamma-receptors
#19
Jeongsup Shim, Ally Huang, Aaron S Miller
Drozitumab is an agonistic therapeutic monoclonal antibody (mAb) against the pro-apoptotic death receptor 5 (DR5). In vitro cell killing assays using drozitumab have traditionally required cross-linking with anti-Fc antibody to amplify the pro-apoptotic signal, although drozitumab shows activity in in vivo tumor models without artificial cross-linking. Recently it has been shown that FcγR expressing cells play an important role in the activity of drozitumab by mediating cross-linking in vivo (Wilson et al...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Immunological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506028/comparison-of-the-hospital-acquired-clostridium-difficile-infection-risk-of-using-proton-pump-inhibitors-versus-histamine-2-receptor-antagonists-for-prophylaxis-and-treatment-of-stress-ulcers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Mohamed Azab, Loomee Doo, Daniel H Doo, Yousif Elmofti, Muazer Ahmed, John Jay Cadavona, Xibei B Liu, Amaan Shafi, Moon Kyung Joo, Ji Won Yoo
Background/Aims: Although proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) have been widely used for the prevention and treatment of stress gastric ulcers in hospital settings, there are concerns that PPIs increase the risk of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). However, little is known about the risk of CDI following PPI and histamine-2 receptor antagonist (H2RA) use. We evaluated the comparative hospital-acquired CDI occurrence risk associated with the concurrent use of PPIs versus H2RAs. Methods: A systematic search of PubMed, MEDLINE/ Ovid, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Web of Science, and Google Scholar through August 19, 2016, identified 12 studies that reported the hospital-acquired CDI occurrence following H2RA and PPI use for the prevention and treatment of stress gastric ulcers...
May 17, 2017: Gut and Liver
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