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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166260/the-development-and-content-validation-of-a-multidisciplinary-evidence-based-wound-infection-prevention-and-treatment-guideline
#1
Sammy A Zakhary, Chris Davey, Rebecca Bari, Jordan Bean, Tyler Reber, Kathy Gallagher, Kara Couch, Jennifer Hurlow, Karen Laforet, Corrine McIssac, Karen Napier, Diana Vilar-Compte, Emily Zakhary, Michel Hermans, Laura Bolton
Acute and chronic wound infections create clinical, economic, and patient-centered challenges best met by multidisciplinary wound care teams providing consistent, valid, clinically relevant, safe, evidence-based management across settings. To develop an evidence-based wound infection guideline, PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature databases were searched from inception through August 1, 2017 using the terms (or synonyms) wound infection and risk factor, significant, diagnosis, prevention, treatment, or surveillance...
November 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166085/confirming-the-relationship-between-first-hyperpolarizability-and-the-bond-length-alternation-coordinate-for-merocyanine-dyes
#2
Idney Brandão, Leandro R Franco, Tertius L Fonseca, Marcos A Castro, Herbert C Georg
We investigated the first electronic hyperpolarizability of a typical merocyanine dye in several solvents in a wide range of dielectric constants. The equilibrium geometry of the molecule was obtained in each solvent by employing an optimization technique allied to atomistic simulations. The results confirm, for the first time with a realistic model of the molecular environment, the relationship between the first electronic hyperpolarizability (β) and the bond length alternation (BLA) coordinate, with a maximum value of β for intermediate positive BLA and a vanishing β when the BLA goes to zero...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162609/health-of-health-care-workers-in-canadian-nursing-homes-and-pediatric-hospitals-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Matthias Hoben, Jennifer A Knopp-Sihota, Maryam Nesari, Stephanie A Chamberlain, Janet E Squires, Peter G Norton, Greta G Cummings, Bonnie J Stevens, Carole A Estabrooks
BACKGROUND: Poor health of health care workers affects quality of care, but research and health data for health care workers are scarce. Our aim was to compare physical/mental health among health care worker groups 1) within nursing homes and pediatric hospitals, 2) between the 2 settings and 3) with the physical/mental health of the Canadian population. METHODS: Using cross-sectional data collected as part of the Translating Research in Elder Care program and the Translating Research on Pain in Children program, we examined the health of health care workers...
November 21, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162331/the-effect-of-load-on-achilles-tendon-structure-in-novice-runners
#4
Omar W Heyward, Lucas M Rabello, Lucas van der Woude, Inge van den Akker-Scheek, Alli Gokeler, Henk van der Worp, Johannes Zwerver
OBJECTIVES: To observe the changes in Achilles tendon structure in novice runners, with loading prescriptions of 100% body weight compared to 20% body weight. DESIGN: Randomised crossover. METHODS: Twenty novice runners participated in two separate running bouts spaced 14days apart, one of high load at 100% body weight, and one of low load at 20% body weight. Tendon structure was measured by ultrasonographic tissue characterisation on 6 occasions; immediately prior to each run, 2 and 7days after each run...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162147/a-systematic-review-describing-incidence-rate-and-prevalence-of-dysvascular-partial-foot-amputation-how-both-have-changed-over-time-and-compare-to-transtibial-amputation
#5
Michael P Dillon, Matthew Quigley, Stefania Fatone
BACKGROUND: Partial foot amputation (PFA) is a common consequence of advanced peripheral vascular disease. Given the different ways incidence rate and prevalence data have been measured and reported, it is difficult to synthesize data and reconcile variation between studies. As such, there is uncertainty in whether the incidence rates and prevalence of PFA have increased over time compared to the decline in transtibial amputation (TTA). The aims of this systematic review were to describe the incidence rate and prevalence of dysvascular PFA over time, and how these compare to TTA...
November 21, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161322/altered-juvenile-fish-communities-associated-with-invasive-halophila-stipulacea-seagrass-habitats-in-the-u-s-virgin-islands
#6
Lauren K Olinger, Sarah L Heidmann, Allie N Durdall, Colin Howe, Tanya Ramseyer, Sara G Thomas, Danielle N Lasseigne, Elizabeth J Brown, John S Cassell, Michele M Donihe, Mareike D Duffing Romero, Mara A Duke, Damon Green, Paul Hillbrand, Kristin R Wilson Grimes, Richard S Nemeth, Tyler B Smith, Marilyn Brandt
Caribbean seagrass habitats provide food and protection for reef-associated juvenile fish. The invasive seagrass Halophila stipulacea is rapidly altering these seascapes. Since its arrival in the Caribbean in 2002, H. stipulacea has colonized and displaced native seagrasses, but the function of this invasive seagrass as a juvenile fish habitat remains unknown. To compare diversity, community structure, and abundance of juvenile fish between H. stipulacea and native seagrass beds, fish traps were deployed in four nearshore bays around St...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160391/agnps-the-new-allies-against-s-mutans-biofilm-a-pilot-clinical-trial-and-microbiological-assay
#7
Priscila L L Freire, Allan J R Albuquerque, Fabio C Sampaio, André Galembeck, Miguel A P Flores, Thayza C M Stamford, Aronita Rosenblatt
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial properties of a new formulation containing silver nanoparticles, named Nano Silver Fluoride (NSF), to inhibit Streptococcus mutans biofilm formation on children's dental enamel. The variations in dental biofilm pH and in the Simplified-Oral-Hygiene-Index (OHI-S) also were evaluated after the treatment with NSF. This was a randomized, double-blind, crossover and prospective pilot clinical trial study in which 12 schoolchildren, aged between 7-8 years, had their dental enamel treated with two solutions: S1 - Nano Silver Fluoride and S2 - negative control (saline solution), in different experimental moments...
July 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160350/angle-s-class-ii-division-1-associated-to-mandibular-retrusion-and-skeletal-open-bite-a-5-year-post-orthodontic-orthopedic-treatment-follow-up
#8
Gustavo Tirado Rodrigues
Obtaining long term stability allied to functional and aesthetic balance is the main goal of any orthodontic-orthopedic therapy. This case report describes the orthodontic therapy applied to a 7-year-9-month old child, who presented a Class II, division 1 malocclusion associated to skeletal open bite. Functional and skeletal corrections (sagittally and vertically) were obtained by means of mandible advancement achieved with a closed Balter's bionator appliance followed by a fixed appliance. This approach showed to be efficient in accomplishing both functional and aesthetic goals, that were kept stable five years after the treatment was finished...
September 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159874/meta-synthesis-on-migraine-management
#9
REVIEW
Mia T Minen, Lita Anglin, Alexandra Boubour, Allison Squires, Linda Herrmann
BACKGROUND: Migraine is one of the top 10 most disabling conditions among adults worldwide. Most migraine research is quantitative and indicates concerns about medication adherence, stigma, and more. Qualitative studies might reveal an improved understanding of migraine patients' perspectives regarding migraine treatment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to synthesize the qualitative research on migraine patients' perspectives regarding migraine treatment to (a) identify common patterns across various types of migraine treatment studies and (b) inform future research...
November 21, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159842/struggle-and-failure-on-clinical-placement-a-critical-narrative-review
#10
REVIEW
Rachel Davenport, Sally Hewat, Alison Ferguson, Sue McAllister, Michelle Lincoln
BACKGROUND: Clinical placements are crucial to the development of skills and competencies in speech-language pathology (SLP) education and, more generally, a requirement of all health professional training programmes. Literature from medical education provides a context for understanding how the environment can be vital to all students' learning. Given the increasing costs of education and demands on health services, students who struggle or fail on clinical placement place an additional burden on educators...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159598/etox-allies-an-automated-pipeline-for-linear-interaction-energy-based-simulations
#11
Luigi Capoferri, Marc van Dijk, Ariën S Rustenburg, Tsjerk A Wassenaar, Derk P Kooi, Eko A Rifai, Nico P E Vermeulen, Daan P Geerke
BACKGROUND: Computational methods to predict binding affinities of small ligands toward relevant biological (off-)targets are helpful in prioritizing the screening and synthesis of new drug candidates, thereby speeding up the drug discovery process. However, use of ligand-based approaches can lead to erroneous predictions when structural and dynamic features of the target substantially affect ligand binding. Free energy methods for affinity computation can include steric and electrostatic protein-ligand interactions, solvent effects, and thermal fluctuations, but often they are computationally demanding and require a high level of supervision...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Cheminformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158953/retention-of-movement-technique-implications-for-primary-prevention-of-acl-injuries
#12
Wouter Welling, Anne Benjaminse, Alli Gokeler, Bert Otten
Background: Retention of movement technique is crucial in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury prevention programs. It is unknown if specific instructions or video instructions result in changes in kinematic and kinetic measures during a relatively short training session, and in a retention test one week later. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose was to determine the effects of verbal external focus (EF), verbal internal focus (IF) and video instructions (VI) on landing technique (i...
November 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158178/dissection-enabled-scaffold-assisted-resection-descar-a-novel-technique-for-resection-of-residual-or-non-lifting-gi-neoplasia-of-the-colon-with-video
#13
Matthew W Stier, Christopher G Chapman, Allie Kreitman, John A Hart, Shu-Yuan Xiao, Uzma D Siddiqui, Irving Waxman
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Due to previous manipulation or submucosal invasion, GI lesions referred for endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) frequently have flat areas of visible tissue that cannot be snared. Current methods for treating residual tissue may lead to incomplete eradication or not allow complete tissue sampling for histologic evaluation. Our aim is to describe dissection-enabled scaffold-assisted resection (DeSCAR), a new technique combining circumferential ESD with EMR for removal of superficial non-lifting or residual "islands" with suspected submucosal involvement/fibrosis...
November 17, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153315/what-are-the-keys-to-a-longer-happier-life-answers-from-five-decades-of-health-psychology-research
#14
Blair T Johnson, Rebecca L Acabchuk
RATIONALE: It has long been known that factors of the mind and of interpersonal relationships influence health, but it is only in the last 50 years that an independent scientific field of health psychology appeared, dedicated to understanding psychological and behavioral processes in health, illness, and healthcare. OBJECTIVE AND METHOD: This article (a) reviews important research that answers the question of how human beings can have longer, happier lives; and (b) highlights trends in health psychology featuring articles in Social Science & Medicine as well as other related literature...
November 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151632/study-in-agaricus-subgenus-minores-and-allied-clades-reveals-a-new-american-subgenus-and-contrasting-phylogenetic-patterns-in-europe-and-greater-mekong-subregion
#15
J Chen, P Callac, L A Parra, S C Karunarathna, M-Q He, M Moinard, A De Kesel, O Raspé, K Wisitrassameewong, K D Hyde, R-L Zhao
Within Agaricus subg. Minores, A. sect. Minores remains a little-studied section due generally to its delicate sporocarps often lacking taxonomically relevant morphological characters. To reconstruct the section, using the recent taxonomic system based on divergence times, and to evaluate the species diversity of A. sect. Minores in the Greater Mekong Subregion, 165 specimens were incorporated in phylogenetic analyses. A dated tree based on nuclear ITS, LSU and tef1-α sequence data allowed us to better circumscribe A...
June 2017: Persoonia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151626/taxonomy-of-tricholoma-in-northern-europe-based-on-its-sequence-data-and-morphological-characters
#16
J Heilmann-Clausen, M Christensen, T G Frøslev, R Kjøller
Based on molecular and morphological data we investigated the taxonomy and phylogeny of the ectomycorrhizal genus Tricholoma in northern Europe. Our phylogenetic tree confirmed the presence of at least 72 well circumscribed species within the region. Of these, three species, viz. T. boreosulphurescens, T. bryogenum and T. ilkkae are described as new to science, based on morphological, distributional, ecological and molecular data. Several other terminal branches represent putative cryptic taxa nested within classical species or species groups...
June 2017: Persoonia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150423/including-children-and-young-people-in-assessments-a-practical-guide
#17
Lydia M C Green, Amanda J Friend, Rebecca J M Bardgett, Jonathan C Darling
The ability to interact with children and young people (CYP), appropriately examine and competently interpret signs is an essential skill for many medical practitioners and allied healthcare professionals; yet, how do we ensure competence in our students and trainees? One method is to include CYP in both formative and summative assessments; this provides an invaluable opportunity for examiners not only to evaluate the clinical interaction but also to gain an understanding of the CYP experience and what characteristics they value in a 'good children's doctor'...
November 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148110/stress-and-ways-of-coping-among-nurse-managers-an-integrative-review
#18
REVIEW
Leodoro J Labrague, Denise M McEnroe-Petitte, Michael Leocadio, Peter Van Bogaert, Greta G Cummings
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To appraise and synthesize empirical studies examining sources of occupational stress and ways of coping utilized by Nurse Managers (NMs) when dealing with stress. BACKGROUND: The Nurse Manager's role is challenging yet draining and stressful and has adverse consequences on an individual's overall health and well -being, patients' outcomes, and organizational productivity. Considerable research has been done; however, an updated and broader perspective on this critical organizational issue has not been performed...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146658/views-of-commissioners-managers-and-healthcare-professionals-on-the-nhs-health-check-programme-a-systematic-review
#19
Katie Mills, Emma Harte, Adam Martin, Calum MacLure, Simon J Griffin, Jonathan Mant, Catherine Meads, Catherine L Saunders, Fiona M Walter, Juliet A Usher-Smith
OBJECTIVE: To synthesise data concerning the views of commissioners, managers and healthcare professionals towards the National Health Service (NHS) Health Check programme in general and the challenges faced when implementing it in practice. DESIGN: A systematic review of surveys and interview studies with a descriptive analysis of quantitative data and thematic synthesis of qualitative data. DATA SOURCES: An electronic literature search of MEDLINE, Embase, Health Management Information Consortium, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Global Health, PsycInfo, Web of Science, OpenGrey, the Cochrane Library, NHS Evidence, Google Scholar, Google, ClinicalTrials...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146622/refusal-of-treatment-of-childhood-cancer-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Amy E Caruso Brown, Amy R Slutzky
CONTEXT: Refusal of treatment for childhood cancer engenders much discussion. No systematic study of this phenomenon exists in countries where access to treatment is readily available. OBJECTIVE: To identify and describe all published cases of treatment refusal for childhood cancer in the contemporary era. DATA SOURCES: We searched PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Scopus, LexisNexis Academic, personal database, and secondary bibliographies...
November 16, 2017: Pediatrics
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