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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106949/atherectomy-using-a-solid-state-laser-at-355-nm-wavelength
#1
Amir Herzog, Grzegorz Oszkinis, David Planer, Krzysztof Ziaja, Łukasz Kruszyna, Michał Goran Stanisić, Damian Ziaja, Amiel A Ishaaya, Wacław Kuczmik
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD), caused by atherosclerotic processes, is allied with an increased risk of ischemic events, limb loss, and death. Recently, the use of a solid-state laser at 355 nm within a hybrid catheter was suggested for that purpose. In this work, short nanosecond pulses of a solid-state laser at 355 nm delivered through a hybrid catheter, composed of optical fibers and a blunt mechanical blade, are used to conduct a pre-clinical study and two clinical cases. The pre-clinical study consisted of an atherosclerotic calcified cadaveric leg and a porcine in vivo trial within the iliac artery, respectively...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104041/what-is-the-role-of-health-systems-in-responding-to-domestic-violence-an-evidence-review
#2
Jo Spangaro
Objective The aim of the present study was to review and analyse academic literature and program evaluations to identify promising evidence for health system responses to domestic violence in Australia and internationally.Methods English-language literature published between January 2005 and March 2016 was retrieved from search results using the terms 'domestic violence' or 'intimate partner violence' in different combinations with other relevant terms, resulting in 1671 documents, of which 59 were systematic reviews...
January 20, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103320/correction-intraluminal-flagellin-differentially-contributes-to-gut-dysbiosis-and-systemic-inflammation-following-burn-injury
#3
Logan Grimes, Allie Doyle, Aaron L Miller, Richard B Pyles, Gabor Olah, Csaba Szabo, Sarah Hoskinson, Tonyia Eaves-Pyles
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0166770.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102097/familiar-auditory-sensory-training-in-chronic-traumatic-brain-injury-a-case-study
#4
Emily Galassi Sullivan, Ann Guernon, Brett Blabas, Amy A Herrold, Theresa L-B Pape
PURPOSE: The evaluation and treatment for patients with prolonged periods of seriously impaired consciousness following traumatic brain injury (TBI), such as a vegetative or minimally conscious state, poses considerable challenges, particularly in the chronic phases of recovery. METHOD: This blinded crossover study explored the effects of familiar auditory sensory training (FAST) compared with a sham stimulation in a patient seven years post severe TBI. Baseline data were collected over 4 weeks to account for variability in status with neurobehavioral measures, including the Disorders of Consciousness scale (DOCS), Coma Near Coma scale (CNC), and Consciousness Screening Algorithm...
January 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101257/the-necessity-of-prerequisite-undergraduate-microbiology-courses-for-pre-allied-health-professionals
#5
Andrea M Rediske
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099689/effectiveness-and-safety-of-procalcitonin-evaluation-for-reducing-mortality-in-adults-with-sepsis-severe-sepsis-or-septic-shock
#6
REVIEW
Brenda Ng Andriolo, Regis B Andriolo, Reinaldo Salomão, Álvaro N Atallah
BACKGROUND: Serum procalcitonin (PCT) evaluation has been proposed for early diagnosis and accurate staging and to guide decisions regarding patients with sepsis, severe sepsis and septic shock, with possible reduction in mortality. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of serum PCT evaluation for reducing mortality and duration of antimicrobial therapy in adults with sepsis, severe sepsis or septic shock. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2015, Issue 7); MEDLINE (1950 to July 2015); Embase (Ovid SP, 1980 to July 2015); Latin American Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (LILACS via BIREME, 1982 to July 2015); and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL; EBSCO host, 1982 to July 2015), and trial registers (ISRCTN registry, ClinicalTrials...
January 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099546/multiple-keratoacanthomas-occurring-in-surgical-margins-and-de-novo-treated-with-intralesional-methotrexate
#7
Vindhya L Veerula, Navid Ezra, Mouhammad Aouthmany, Thomas A Graham, Stephen E Wolverton, Ally-Khan Somani
Keratoacanthomas (KAs) are common skin lesions known for their rapid growth and spontaneous regression. Keratoacanthomas also can occur in sites of prior trauma, such as surgical scars. We report a case of multiple KAs occurring in the site of trauma from a prior surgery and de novo as well as the response to treatment with intralesional methotrexate (MTX).
December 2016: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099192/aerobic-exercise-training-in-very-severe-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Mara Paneroni, Carla Simonelli, Michele Vitacca, Nicolino Ambrosino
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of exercise training in patients with very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). DESIGN: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature databases using the following as search terms: COPD, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Exercise, and Pulmonary Rehabilitation. We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of subjects with forced expiratory volume in the first second of less than 35% of the predicted normal value enrolled in in-patient, outpatient, or home- or community-based training programs lasting at least 4 weeks with respect to usual care...
January 17, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098082/occupational-health-profile-of-workers-employed-in-the-manufacturing-sector-of-india
#9
REVIEW
Shivali Suri, Ranjan Das
BACKGROUND: The occupational health scenario of workers engaged in the manufacturing sector in India deserves attention for their safety and increasing productivity. We reviewed the status of the manufacturing sector, identified hazards faced by workers, and assessed the existing legislations and healthcare delivery mechanisms. METHODS: From October 2014 to March 2015, we did a literature review by manual search of pre-identified journals, general electronic search, electronic search of dedicated websites/databases and personal communication with experts of occupational health...
September 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097303/clinicians-expectations-of-the-benefits-and-harms-of-treatments-screening-and-tests-a-systematic-review
#10
Tammy C Hoffmann, Chris Del Mar
Importance: Inaccurate clinician expectations of the benefits and harms of interventions can profoundly influence decision making and may be contributing to increasing intervention overuse. Objective: To systematically review all studies that have quantitatively assessed clinicians' expectations of the benefits and/or harms of any treatment, test, or screening test. Evidence Review: A comprehensive search strategy of 4 databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and PsycINFO) from the start years to March 17-20, 2015, with no language or study type restriction, was performed...
January 9, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095205/imperial-queerness-the-u-s-homophile-press-and-constructions-of-sexualities-in-asia-and-the-pacific-1953-1964
#11
Carly Simpson
This essay examines the ways in which U.S. homophile magazines represented and constructed Asia and the Pacific from 1953 to 1964. Through an analysis of 209 items that referenced Asia and the Pacific in ONE, Mattachine Review, and the Ladder, the essay argues that U.S. homophiles referenced the region in three primary ways: first, to create relationships, allies, and exchanges with people living in the region; second, to highlight the inferiority of the East and superiority of the West; and third, to reveal the cross-cultural and transhistorical nature of homosexuality...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094568/barcode-based-species-delimitation-in-the-marine-realm-a-test-using-hexanauplia-multicrustacea-thecostraca-and-copepoda
#12
Robert G Young, Cathryn L Abbott, Thomas W Therriault, Sarah J Adamowicz
DNA barcoding has been used successfully for identifying specimens belonging to marine planktonic groups. However, the ability to delineate species within taxonomically diverse and widely distributed marine groups, such as the Copepoda and Thecostraca, remains largely untested. We investigate whether a cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI-5P) global pairwise sequence divergence threshold exists between intraspecific and interspecific divergences in the copepods plus the thecostracans (barnacles and allies). Using publicly accessible sequence data, we applied a graphical method to determine an optimal threshold value...
October 21, 2016: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093421/gp-views-on-strategies-to-cope-with-increasing-workload-a-qualitative-interview-study
#13
Rebecca Fr Fisher, Caroline Hd Croxson, Helen F Ashdown, Fd Richard Hobbs
BACKGROUND: The existence of a crisis in primary care in the UK is in little doubt. GP morale and job satisfaction are low, and workload is increasing. In this challenging context, finding ways for GPs to manage that workload is imperative. AIM: To explore what existing or potential strategies are described by GPs for dealing with their workload, and their views on the relative merits of each. DESIGN AND SETTING: Semi-structured, qualitative interviews with GPs working within NHS England...
January 16, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092169/national-athletic-trainers-association-position-statement-management-of-acute-skin-trauma
#14
Joel W Beam, Bernadette Buckley, William R Holcomb, Mario Ciocca
OBJECTIVE:   To present recommendations for the cleansing, debridement, dressing, and monitoring of acute skin trauma in patients. BACKGROUND:   Acute skin trauma is common during participation in athletic and recreational activities. Clinical decisions and intervention protocols after injury vary among athletic trainers and are often based on ritualistic practices. An understanding of cleansing, debridement, and dressing techniques; clinical features of infection and adverse reactions; and monitoring of acute skin trauma is critical for certified athletic trainers and other allied health and medical professionals to create a local wound environment that promotes healing and lessens the risk of complications...
December 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089815/do-patients-hospitalized-with-copd-have-airflow-obstruction
#15
Huimin Wu, Robert A Wise, Ann E Medinger
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend the confirmation of a COPD diagnosis with spirometry. ICD-9-CM diagnostic codes are used frequently to identify patients with COPD for administrative purposes. However, coding the diagnosis of COPD does not require spirometric confirmation. The purpose of this study was to determine how often the discharge diagnoses of COPD is supported by spirometric measurements in the VA health system. METHODS: We reviewed records of patients hospitalized for COPD in a VA teaching hospital between 2005 and 2015...
January 13, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089112/predictive-utility-of-the-total-glasgow-coma-scale-versus-the-motor-component-of-the-glasgow-coma-scale-for-identification-of-patients-with-serious-traumatic-injuries
#16
REVIEW
Roger Chou, Annette M Totten, Nancy Carney, Spencer Dandy, Rongwei Fu, Sara Grusing, Miranda Pappas, Ngoc Wasson, Craig D Newgard
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The motor component of the Glasgow Coma Scale (mGCS) has been proposed as an easier-to-use alternative to the total GCS (tGCS) for field assessment of trauma patients by emergency medical services. We perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the predictive utility of the tGCS versus the mGCS or Simplified Motor Scale in field triage of trauma for identifying patients with adverse outcomes (inhospital mortality or severe brain injury) or who underwent procedures (neurosurgical intervention or emergency intubation) indicating need for high-level trauma care...
January 11, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088402/historical-relationships-of-three-enigmatic-phasianid-genera-aves-galliformes-inferred-using-phylogenomic-and-mitogenomic-data
#17
Ning Wang, Peter A Hosner, Bin Liang, Edward L Braun, Rebecca T Kimball
The phylogeny of the Phasianidae (pheasants, partridges, and allies) has been studied extensively. However, these studies have largely ignored three enigmatic genera because of scarce DNA source material and limited overlapping phylogenetic data: blood pheasants (Ithaginis), snow partridges (Lerwa), and long-billed partridges (Rhizothera). Thus, phylogenetic positions of these three genera remain uncertain in what is otherwise a well-resolved phylogeny. Previous studies using different data types place Lerwa and Ithaginis in similar positions, but the absence of overlapping data means the relationship between them could not be inferred...
January 11, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087984/challenges-in-detecting-substances-for-equine-anti-doping
#18
REVIEW
A G Fragkaki, N Kioukia-Fougia, P Kiousi, M Kioussi, M Tsivou
The artificial increase of the physical capability of horses using drugs is well-known in racing and in other equine sports. Both illicit and therapeutic substances are regarded as prohibited substances in competition in most countries. Some countries do make distinctions for a few, specific drugs which are, however, allowed for use in other countries. The primary objective in the case of doping control is the detection of any trace of drug exposure, either parent drug or any of its metabolites, using the most powerful analytical methods which generally are based on chromatographic/mass spectrometric techniques...
January 14, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086869/evaluation-of-an-aged-care-nurse-practitioner-service-quality-of-care-within-a-residential-aged-care-facility-hospital-avoidance-service
#19
Trudy Dwyer, Alison Craswell, Dolene Rossi, Darren Holzberger
BACKGROUND: Reducing avoidable hospitialisation of aged care facility (ACF) residents can improve the resident experience and their health outcomes. Consequently many variations of hospital avoidance (HA) programs continue to evolve. Nurse practitioners (NP) with expertise in aged care have the potential to make a unique contribution to hospital avoidance programs. However, little attention has been dedicated to service evaluation of this model and the quality of care provided. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the quality of an aged care NP model of care situated within a HA service in a regional area of Australia...
January 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081032/a-systematic-review-of-the-factors-influencing-ethnic-minority-women-s-cervical-cancer-screening-behavior-from-intrapersonal-to-policy-level
#20
Dorothy N S Chan, Winnie K W So
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer can be prevented by effective screening using Papanicolaou tests, but the utilization rate is lower among ethnic minorities than in the general population. Understanding the factors influencing minorities' use of such screening can aid the design of an appropriate intervention to increase their uptake rate. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to examine the factors that influence ethnic minority women in using cervical cancer screening and the similarities and differences in associated factors across different groups and to explore the interrelationships between the factors identified...
January 9, 2017: Cancer Nursing
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