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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030785/usefulness-of-abbreviated-breast-mri-screening-for-women-with-a-history-of-breast-cancer-surgery
#1
Bo Hwa Choi, Nami Choi, Mi Young Kim, Jung-Hyun Yang, Young Bum Yoo, Hae Kyoung Jung
PURPOSE: We investigated the usefulness of abbreviated breast MRI (AB-MRI), including fat-suppressed T2-weighted imaging, pre- and postcontrast image acquisition, and subtracted maximum-intensity projection imaging, for the screening of women with a history of breast cancer surgery. METHODS: Between October 2014 and March 2016, a total of 799 AB-MRI examinations were performed for 725 women with a history of breast cancer surgery. The image acquisition time was 8...
October 13, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029470/real-time-in-vivo-imaging-of-metastatic-bone-tumors-with-a-targeted-near-infrared-fluorophore
#2
Wonbong Lim, HongMoon Sohn, Youngjong Ko, Mineon Park, Bora Kim, Danbi Jo, Jin Seok Jung, Dae Hyeok Yang, Jangho Kim, Ok Joon Kim, Donghwi Kim, Young Lae Moon, Jung-Joon Min, Hoon Hyun
Tumors of the prostate or breast are particularly likely to metastasize to the bone, and early diagnosis of metastatic bone tumors is important for designing an effective treatment strategy. Imaging modalities for the detection of bone metastasis are limited, and radiation-based techniques are commonly used. Here, we investigated the efficacy of selective near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence detection of metastatic bone tumors and its role in the detection of bone metastasis in prostate and breast cancer cell lines and in a xenograft mouse model...
September 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029040/herbacetin-suppresses-cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-melanoma-cell-growth-by-targeting-akt-and-odc
#3
Dong Joon Kim, Mee-Hyun Lee, KangDong Liu, Do Young Lim, Eunmiri Roh, Hanyong Chen, Sung-Hyun Kim, Jung-Hyun Shim, Myoung Ok Kim, Wenwen Li, Fayang Ma, Mangaladoss Fredimoses, Ann M Bode, Zigang Dong
Herbacetin is a flavonol compound that is found in plants such as flaxseed and ramose scouring rush herb, it possesses a strong antioxidant capacity, and exerts anticancer effects on colon and breast cancer. However, the effect of herbacetin on skin cancer has not been investigated. Herein, we identified herbacetin as a dual V-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog (AKT) and ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) inhibitor, and illustrated its anticancer effects in vitro and in vivo against cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and melanoma cell growth...
September 23, 2017: Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028222/role-of-rbp2-induced-er-and-igf1r-erbb-signaling-in-tamoxifen-resistance-in-breast-cancer
#4
Hee-Joo Choi, Hyeong-Seok Joo, Hee-Young Won, Kyueng-Whan Min, Hyung-Yong Kim, Taekwon Son, Young-Ha Oh, Jeong-Yeon Lee, Gu Kong
Background: Despite the benefit of endocrine therapy, acquired resistance during or after treatment still remains a major challenge in estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer. We investigated the potential role of histone demethylase retinoblastoma-binding protein 2 (RBP2) in endocrine therapy resistance of breast cancer. Methods: Survival of breast cancer patients according to RBP2 expression was analyzed in three different breast cancer cohorts including METABRIC (n = 1980) and KM plotter (n = 1764)...
April 1, 2018: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027408/dual-modal-cancer-detection-based-on-optical-ph-sensing-and-raman-spectroscopy
#5
Soogeun Kim, Seung Ho Lee, Sun Young Min, Kyung Min Byun, Soo Yeol Lee
A dual-modal approach using Raman spectroscopy and optical pH sensing was investigated to discriminate between normal and cancerous tissues. Raman spectroscopy has demonstrated the potential for in vivo cancer detection. However, Raman spectroscopy has suffered from strong fluorescence background of biological samples and subtle spectral differences between normal and disease tissues. To overcome those issues, pH sensing is adopted to Raman spectroscopy as a dual-modal approach. Based on the fact that the pH level in cancerous tissues is lower than that in normal tissues due to insufficient vasculature formation, the dual-modal approach combining the chemical information of Raman spectrum and the metabolic information of pH level can improve the specificity of cancer diagnosis...
October 2017: Journal of Biomedical Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024822/pubertally-initiated-high-fat-diet-promotes-mammary-tumorigenesis-in-obesity-prone-fvb-mice-similarly-to-obesity-resistant-balb-c-mice
#6
Yirong Zhu, Mark D Aupperlee, Sandra Z Haslam, Richard C Schwartz
Premenopausal breast cancer is associated with increased animal fat consumption among normal-weight but not overweight women. Our previous findings in obesity-resistant BALB/c mice showed that a diet high in saturated animal fat (HFD) promotes mammary tumorigenesis in both DMBA carcinogenesis and Trp53-null transplant models. Having made these observations in BALB/c mice, which have very modest HFD weight gain, we determined the effects of HFD in FVB mice, which gain significant weight on HFD. Three-week-old FVB mice fed a low-fat diet or HFD were subjected to 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene-induced carcinogenesis...
October 9, 2017: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022489/adar1-expression-is-associated-with-tumour-infiltrating-lymphocytes-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#7
In Hye Song, Young-Ae Kim, Sun-Hee Heo, In Ah Park, Miseon Lee, Won Seon Bang, Hye Seon Park, Gyungyub Gong, Hee Jin Lee
Tumours with a high mutation burden exhibit considerable neoantigens and tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes. RNA editing by ADAR1 is a source of changes in epitope. However, ADAR1 expression in cancer cells and tumour-infiltrating lymphocyte levels in triple-negative breast cancer have not been well evaluated. We immunohistochemically examined ADAR1 expression in 681 triple-negative breast cancer patients and analysed their clinicopathological characteristics. We also analysed basal-like tumours using The Cancer Genome Atlas data...
October 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020732/detection-of-germline-mutations-in-patients-with-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-using-multi-gene-panels-beyond-brca1-2
#8
Kyung Jin Eoh, Ji Eun Kim, Hyung Seok Park, Seung-Tae Lee, Ji Soo Park, Jung Woo Han, Jung-Yun Lee, Sunghoon Kim, Sang Wun Kim, Jae Hoon Kim, Young Tae Kim, Eun Ji Nam
Purpose: Next-generation sequencing (NGS) allows simultaneous sequencing of multiple cancer susceptibility genes and may represent a more efficient and less expensive approach than sequential testing. We assessed the frequency of germline mutations in individuals with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), using multi-gene panels and NGS. Materials and Methods: Patients with EOC (n=117) with/without a family history of breast or ovarian cancer were recruited consecutively, from March 2016 to December 2016...
September 27, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019328/second-primary-tumors-associated-with-breast-cancer-kuwait-cancer-control-center-experience
#9
Salah Fayaz, Gerges Attia Demian, Heba El-Sayed Eissa, Sadeq Abuzalouf
OBJECTIVES: To review the clinico-epidemiologic characteristics of patients who presented with two or more primary cancers, one of which was breast cancer (BC) and to develop a follow-up program for the high risk patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients who were diagnosed with BC and one or more non breast cancer (NBC) were retrospectively reviewed. Medical files were retrieved and epidemiological as well as clinical data were analyzed. RESULTS: Sixty-two patients were retrieved...
September 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992857/anxiety-and-depression-in-cancer-survivors
#10
REVIEW
Jean C Yi, Karen L Syrjala
Most cancer survivors adjust well to life after cancer but some experience persisting negative mood, such as cancer-related fears, posttraumatic stress, anxiety, or depression. Mood fluctuations may not reach criteria for a clinical diagnosis but subclinical symptoms can interfere with quality of life. Women, adolescents, and young adults are particularly at risk for mood disturbances. Behavioral interventions, such as cognitive behavioral therapy and pharmacologic treatments, can effectively treat these distressing emotions...
November 2017: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989927/metastatic-uterine-cancer-looking-as-cervical-fibroid-in-recurrent-breast-cancer-woman-a-case-report
#11
So Young Seo, Jin Yong Shin, Yong Il Ji
Metastasis to the female genital tract from extragenital primary cancer is uncommon. In this case, a 46-year-old woman was diagnosed with invasive lobular carcinoma of the left breast in 2011. She had left breast conserving surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, and hormonal therapy (gosereline and tamoxifen). However, she developed menorrhagia after interruption of hormonal therapy and incidentally, the ultrasonogram of her pelvis showed a solid, large mass in the cervix. It looked like leiomyoma. Because of massive vaginal bleeding requiring multiple blood transfusions, she underwent total hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy...
September 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988610/trends-and-predictions-to-2020-in-breast-cancer-mortality-in-europe
#12
Greta Carioli, Matteo Malvezzi, Teresa Rodriguez, Paola Bertuccio, Eva Negri, Carlo La Vecchia
OBJECTIVES: We analyzed trends in mortality from breast cancer in women in 36 European countries and the European Union (EU) over the period 1970-2014, and predicted numbers of deaths and rates to 2020. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We derived breast cancer death certification data and population figures from the World Health Organization and Eurostat databases. We obtained 2020 estimates using a joinpoint regression model. RESULTS: Overall, EU breast cancer mortality rates (world standard) declined from 17...
October 4, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987920/changes-in-depression-status-during-the-year-after-breast-cancer-surgery-and-impact-on-quality-of-life-and-functioning
#13
Seon-Young Kim, Sung-Wan Kim, Il-Seon Shin, Min-Ho Park, Jung-Han Yoon, Jin-Sang Yoon, Jae-Min Kim
OBJECTIVE: Although breast cancer patients' depression changes over time, most longitudinal studies have assessed the influence of only baseline depression on quality of life (QoL). Therefore, this study investigated the influence of changes in depression status on QoL in the year after surgery. METHODS: Participants were interviewed at 2-5days and at 1year after surgery. Depression was diagnosed at both time points, and participants were classified into four groups: no, recovered, incident, and persistent depression...
September 29, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982863/effects-of-adam10-and-adam17-inhibitors-on-natural-killer-cell-expansion-and-antibody-dependent-cellular-cytotoxicity-against-breast-cancer-cells-in-vitro
#14
Dang-Huan Pham, Ju-Sun Kim, Sang-Ki Kim, Dong-Jun Shin, Nguyen-Thanh-Tung Uong, Hoon Hyun, Mee Sun Yoon, Sin Jae Kang, Young Jae Ryu, Jin Seong Cho, Jung Han Yoon, Ji Shin Lee, Duck Cho, Soo-Hyeon Lee, Min Ho Park
BACKGROUND/AIM: The inhibition of a disintegrin and metalloproteinase (ADAM) has the potential to become a novel approach for natural killer (NK) cell-based cancer immunotherapy. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the influence of ADAM10 and ADAM17 inhibitors on expanded NK cell to enhance antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) in breast cancer cell lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: NK cells were expanded in medium supplemented with an ADAM10 or ADAM17 inhibitor to prevent the shedding of soluble CD16/FcγRIII...
October 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982747/pathologic-complete-response-after-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-and-long-term-outcomes-among-young-women-with-breast-cancer
#15
Laura Spring, Rachel Greenup, Andrzej Niemierko, Lidia Schapira, Stephanie Haddad, Rachel Jimenez, Suzanne Coopey, Alphonse Taghian, Kevin S Hughes, Steven J Isakoff, Leif W Ellisen, Barbara L Smith, Michelle Specht, Beverly Moy, Aditya Bardia
Purpose: Breast cancer in young women is associated with an aggressive tumor biology and higher risk of recurrence. Pathologic complete response (pCR) after neoadjuvant therapy has been shown to be a surrogate marker for disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS), but the association between pCR and survival outcomes in young women with breast cancer is not well described. Methods: This study included women aged ≤40 years at diagnosis who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) for stage II-III invasive breast cancer between 1998 and 2014 at Massachusetts General Hospital...
October 2017: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977908/cardiotoxicity-of-trastuzumab-in-patients-with-her2-positive-gastric-cancer
#16
Ji Soo Park, Jong-Chan Youn, Chi Young Shim, Geu-Ru Hong, Choong-Kun Lee, Jee Hyung Kim, Hyung Soon Park, Su Jin Heo, Seung Hoon Beom, Hyo Song Kim, Sun Young Rha, Hyun Cheol Chung, Seok-Min Kang, Minkyu Jung
Trastuzumab-induced cardiotoxicity (TIC) is the primary adverse event that limits the use of trastuzumab in HER2-positive breast cancer patients. However, the incidence and risk factors of TIC in HER2-positive gastric cancer are not known. Therefore, we evaluated the incidence and predictive factors of TIC in gastric cancer patients treated with trastuzumab in clinical practice. We reviewed cardiac dysfunction in HER2-positive gastric cancer patients between December 2005 and April 2015 in a prospectively-collected database that included prospective clinical trials at Yonsei Cancer Center, Republic of Korea...
September 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977883/targeted-exome-sequencing-of-korean-triple-negative-breast-cancer-reveals-homozygous-deletions-associated-with-poor-prognosis-of-adjuvant-chemotherapy-treated-patients
#17
Hae Min Jeong, Ryong Nam Kim, Mi Jeong Kwon, Ensel Oh, Jinil Han, Se Kyung Lee, Jong-Sun Choi, Sara Park, Seok Jin Nam, Gyung Yup Gong, Jin Wu Nam, Doo Ho Choi, Hannah Lee, Byung-Ho Nam, Yoon-La Choi, Young Kee Shin
Triple-negative breast cancer is characterized by the absence of estrogen and progesterone receptors and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2, and is associated with a poorer outcome than other subtypes of breast cancer. Moreover, there are no accurate prognostic genes or effective therapeutic targets, thereby necessitating continued intensive investigation. This study analyzed the genetic mutation landscape in 70 patients with triple-negative breast cancer by targeted exome sequencing of tumor and matched normal samples...
September 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976077/clinicopathological-features-and-survival-of-early-stage-breast-cancer-in-northwest-china-a-population-based-retrospective-study-of-1287-patients
#18
Shuting Li, Xiangtang Wang, Jiao Yang, Meng Lv, Xiao Zhang, Chunli Li, Lingxiao Zhang, Yanwei Shen, Xiaoman Zhang, Zheling Chen, Fan Wang, Xin Wang, Dan Li, Min Yi, Jin Yang
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer (BC) displays different clinicopathological features and outcomes based on patient age, molecular subtype, and treatment. However, such features in BC patients in northwest China are unclear. This study investigated the clinicopathological features and overall survival (OS) of early stage BC patients using a population-based study. METHODS: Patients who were newly diagnosed with BC at the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University between January 2001 and June 2012 were included...
October 4, 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973701/fertility-preservation-in-breast-cancer
#19
REVIEW
Cristina O'Donoghue, Gwendolyn P Quinn, M Catherine Lee
As more young women survive breast cancer, fertility preservation (FP) is an important component of care. This review highlights the importance of early pretreatment referral, reviews the risks of infertility associated with breast cancer treatment, and defines existing and emerging techniques for FP. The techniques reviewed include ovarian suppression, embryo cryopreservation, oocyte cryopreservation, and ovarian tissue cryopreservation and transplantation. The barriers women face, such as not being appropriately referred and the costs of treatment, also are addressed...
October 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970858/a-novel-germline-mutation-in-brca1-causes-exon-20-skipping-in-a-korean-family-with-a-history-of-breast-cancer
#20
Kyong-Ah Yoon, Sun-Young Kong, Eun Ji Lee, Jeong Nam Cho, Suhwan Chang, Eun Sook Lee
Germline mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes are strong genetic factors for predispositions to breast, ovarian, and other related cancers. This report describes a family with a history of breast and ovarian cancers that harbored a novel BRCA1 germline mutation. A single nucleotide deletion in intron 20, namely c.5332+4delA, was detected in a 43-year-old patient with breast cancer. This mutation led to the skipping of exon 20, which in turn resulted in the production of a truncated BRCA1 protein that was 1773 amino acids in length...
September 2017: Journal of Breast Cancer
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