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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716128/tobacco-dependence-among-people-with-mental-illness-a-facility-based-cross-sectional-study-from-southwest-ethiopia
#1
Zemenay Molla, Lamesa Dube, Wolfgang Krahl, Matiwos Soboka
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is a health care issue in developed as well as in developing countries. Tobacco smoking among people with mental illness is significantly higher than in the general population. Tobacco smoking has negative effects on physical, mental and financial well-being of people with mental illness but little is known about tobacco dependence among mental health service users in sub-Saharan African countries, including Ethiopia. Therefore, this study attempted to assess the prevalence of tobacco dependence and associated factors among mental health service users at Jimma University teaching hospital...
July 17, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628657/reported-family-burden-of-schizophrenia-patients-in-rural-china
#2
Yu Yu, Zi-Wei Liu, Bing-Wei Tang, Mei Zhao, Xi-Guang Liu, Shui-Yuan Xiao
We aim to assess the level of family burden of schizophrenia patients and identify its predicting factors in a rural community sample of China. A sample of 327 primary caregivers was recruited through a one-stage cluster sampling in Ningxiang County of Hunan province, China. Family burden was assessed using the Family Burden Interview Schedule (FBIS) of Pai and Kapur. Our results showed that the mean score of FBIS was 23.62±9.76 (range, 0-48), with over half (52%) caregivers reported their family burden being moderate and severe...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553120/productivity-and-deadweight-losses-due-to-relapses-of-schizophrenia-in-japan
#3
Yusuke Nakamura, Jörg Mahlich
BACKGROUND: No study has examined the financial impact of relapses on schizophrenia from the perspective of Japanese society. This study aimed to estimate the societal costs in Japan caused by the relapses of schizophrenia. METHODS: The societal costs in Japan in 2013 due to relapses of schizophrenia were estimated by summing the productivity loss and deadweight loss caused by schizophrenia relapses in 2013. Deterministic sensitivity analysis was conducted for deadweight loss rate, relapse rate, and patient income...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526049/psychological-status-and-quality-of-life-among-primary-caregivers-of-individuals-with-mental-illness-a-hospital-based-study
#4
Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Vathsala Sagayadevan, Edimansyah Abdin, YunJue Zhang, Sherilyn Chang, Saleha Shafie, Restria Fauziana Abdul Rahman, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to explore the psychological status and quality of life among primary caregivers of individuals suffering from various mental illnesses including early psychosis, chronic schizophrenia, depressive disorders, anxiety disorders and dementia. METHODS: A total of 350 primary caregivers with relatives seeking treatment at a tertiary psychiatric hospital were recruited for this study. Socio-demographic data was obtained and the brief version of the World Health Organisation Quality of Life instrument was used to assess caregiver's quality of life (QOL)...
May 19, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485998/barriers-to-seeking-early-psychiatric-treatment-amongst-first-episode-psychosis-patients-a-qualitative-study
#5
Abd Alhadi Hasan, Mahmoud Musleh
AIMS: The aim of this study was to explore the family members' determinant of the delay in seeking psychiatric care to patients diagnosed with psychosis. METHODS: Qualitative semi-structured interviews were carried out with twenty-seven family members of patients with psychosis at psychiatric outpatient clinics in Amman, Jordan. RESULTS: The findings revealed that perceived stigma and fears about being labelled are the main barriers to requesting early psychiatric health care...
May 9, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479802/treatment-discontinuation-in-schizophrenia-a-qualitative-exploration-from-a-rural-south-indian-community
#6
K Shanivaram Reddy, Jagadisha Thirthalli, C Naveen Kumar, N Krishna Reddy, Somashekar Bijjal, N R Renuka Devi, Vikram Singh Rawat
BACKGROUND: Medication discontinuation remains a big hurdle for retaining persons with schizophrenia under the treatment AMBIT. It is imperative to understand reasons for the same to effectively tackle it. METHODS: The study was carried out in Turuvekere, a rural South Indian taluk (an administrative block). Qualitative interviews were conducted with consenting consecutive nineteen patients (along with their family members) who had discontinued medications. All interviews were transcribed...
April 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381420/continuum-beliefs-and-stigmatising-beliefs-about-mental-illness-results-from-an-asian-community-survey
#7
Mythily Subramaniam, Edimansyah Abdin, Louisa Picco, Shazana Shahwan, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong
OBJECTIVES: To establish the prevalence and correlates of continuum beliefs for five mental illnesses in a multiethnic population and to explore its association with stigma. DESIGN: A community-based, cross-sectional study. SETTING: A national study in a multiethnic Asian country. PARTICIPANTS: A comprehensive study of 3006 Singapore residents (Singapore citizens and permanent residents) aged 18-65 years who were living in Singapore at the time of the survey...
April 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374606/raising-the-standard-of-care-in-the-treatment-of-schizophrenia-yes-we-can
#8
Stanley Victor Catts, Brian O'Toole
OBJECTIVE: In response to evidence of deteriorating outcomes of people with schizophrenia we recently published a critical review in the journal concerning why outcomes for schizophrenia are not improving. A published commentary on our review raised criticisms that we aim to address herein. METHOD: Published data related to four issues raised in the commentary were reviewed. RESULTS: There is a body of evidence that supports the possibility of dramatic improvements in treatment effectiveness, presented in our critical review, and these can be achieved within existing financial resources and present day understanding of the pathophysiology of schizophrenia...
May 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274209/mental-health-literacy-about-schizophrenia-and-depression-a-survey-among-chinese-caregivers-of-patients-with-mental-disorder
#9
Shubao Chen, Qiuxia Wu, Chang Qi, Huiqiong Deng, Xuyi Wang, Haoyu He, Jiang Long, Yifan Xiong, Tieqiao Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the knowledge of schizophrenia and depression among caregivers of patients with mental disorder in China. METHOD: A convenience sample of 402 caregivers at the Department of Psychiatry of a general hospital in China was investigated (response rate 95.7%), using vignettes based investigation methodology. RESULTS: The number of caregivers using the term "depression" to describe the depression vignette was 43.6%, which was significantly higher than the number of caregivers using the term "schizophrenia" to describe the schizophrenia one (28...
March 9, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242031/is-the-french-criminal-psychiatric-assessment-in-crisis
#10
J Guivarch, M-D Piercecchi-Marti, D Glezer, V Murdymootoo, J-M Chabannes, F Poinso
The criminal psychiatric assessment in France seems to be facing growing criticism related to disagreements between experts and, on the other hand, a lack of interest of psychiatrists for the assessment. We start by explaining the current framework of the criminal psychiatric assessment in France, which differs from the assessment used in English-speaking countries, where Roman law applies. Then, we will describe the disagreements through a literature review and two clinical vignettes. Finally, we will try to understand the causes of discrepancies between experts and the reasons for a supposed lack of interest of the psychiatrists for the expertise...
February 24, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236956/financial-incentives-for-improving-adherence-to-maintenance-treatment-in-patients-with-psychotic-disorders-money-for-medication-a-multicentre-open-label-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Ernst L Noordraven, André I Wierdsma, Peter Blanken, Anthony F T Bloemendaal, Anton B P Staring, Cornelis L Mulder
BACKGROUND: Provision of financial incentives is a promising intervention for improving adherence in patients taking antipsychotic medication. We aimed to assess the effectiveness of this intervention for improving adherence to antipsychotic depot medication in patients with psychotic disorders, irrespective of their previous compliance. METHODS: We did this multicentre, open-label, randomised controlled trial at three mental health-care institutions in secondary psychiatric care services in the Netherlands...
March 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182195/impact-of-financial-incentives-on-alcohol-consumption-recording-in-primary-health-care-among-adults-with-schizophrenia-and-other-psychoses-a-cross-sectional-and-retrospective-cohort-study
#12
Zarnie Khadjesari, Sarah L Hardoon, Irene Petersen, Fiona L Hamilton, Irwin Nazareth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111056/increased-morbidity-mortality-and-length-of-in-hospital-stay-for-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-with-pre-morbid-psychiatric-diagnoses
#13
Majd B Protty, Arron Lacey, Dave Smith, Sahar Hannoodee, Phillip Freeman
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric and cardiac comorbidities form the top two budget categories for health systems in high-income countries with evidence that psychiatric pre-morbidities lead to worse outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). There are no studies examining this relationship in a national multicentre population level study in the UK, and no studies examining their impact on length of in-hospital stay (LoS) in ACS. Recognizing at-risk populations and reducing LoS in ACS is an essential part of improving patient care and cost-effectiveness...
January 9, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008301/iloperidone-in-the-treatment-of-schizophrenia-an-evidence-based-review-of-its-place-in-therapy
#14
REVIEW
Fernanda S Tonin, Astrid Wiens, Fernando Fernandez-Llimos, Roberto Pontarolo
INTRODUCTION: Schizophrenia is a chronic and debilitating mental disorder that affects the patient's and their family's quality of life, as well as financial costs and health care settings. Despite the variety of available antipsychotics, optimal treatment outcomes are not always achieved. Novel drugs, such as iloperidone, can provide more effective, tolerable and safer strategies. AIM: To review the evidence for the clinical impact of iloperidone on the treatment of patients with schizophrenia...
2016: Core Evidence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991418/medical-resource-utilization-by-taiwanese-psychiatric-inpatients-under-the-national-health-insurance-system
#15
Chiachi Bonnie Lee, Chung-Yi Li, Chih-Ming Lin
BACKGROUND: The length of stay in Taiwan's psychiatric facilities is unusually long compared with that of other countries. AIMS OF THE STUDY: To identify factors associated with the high length of stay in the acute and chronic psychiatric wards of a public psychiatric hospital. METHODS: The present study consisted of 912 inpatients discharged from a public psychiatric hospital in Northern Taiwan in 2005. Demographic characteristics, discharge diagnoses, and medical resource utilization were retrieved from the inpatient claim data of the National Health Insurance Database...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935798/health-gains-and-financial-protection-provided-by-the-ethiopian-mental-health-strategy-an-extended-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#16
Kjell Arne Johansson, Kirsten Bjerkreim Strand, Abebaw Fekadu, Dan Chisholm
Background: Mental and neurological (MN) health care has long been neglected in low-income settings. This paper estimates health and non-health impacts of fully publicly financed care for selected key interventions in the National Mental Health Strategy in Ethiopia for depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and epilepsy. Methods: A methodology of extended cost-effectiveness analysis (ECEA) is applied to MN health care in Ethiopia. The impact of providing a package of selected MN interventions free of charge in Ethiopia is estimated for: epilepsy (75% coverage, phenobarbital), depression (30% coverage, fluoxetine, cognitive therapy and proactive case management), bipolar affective disorder (50% coverage, valproate and psychosocial therapy) and schizophrenia (75% coverage, haloperidol plus psychosocial treatment)...
April 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913159/assessing-functional-performance-using-computer-based-simulations-of-everyday-activities
#17
Sara J Czaja, David A Loewenstein, Chin Chin Lee, Shih Hua Fu, Philip D Harvey
Current functional capacity (FC) measures for patients with schizophrenia typically involve informant assessments or are in paper and pencil format, requiring in-person administration by a skilled assessor. This approach presents logistic problems and limits the possibilities for remote assessment, an important issue for these patients. This study evaluated the feasibility of using a computer-based assessment battery, including simulations of everyday activities. The battery was compared to in-person standard assessments of cognition and FC with respect to baseline convergence and sensitivity to group differences...
May 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847930/work-activity-in-the-process-of-recovery-an-interpretive-phenomenological-analysis-of-the-experiences-of-people-with-a-schizophrenia-spectrum-diagnosis
#18
Anna Pańczak, Igor Pietkiewicz
OBJECTIVES: Having the opportunity to work has been found meaningful for individuals suffering from severe mental illness, in order to boost their self-esteem, provide a sense of control over their lives and of belonging to a community. There are no studies in Polish literature on the process of recovery from schizophrenia with reference to work activity. The objective of this research was to explore personal experiences of people employed in Vocational Development Centers. METHODS: Eight semi-structured interviews were conducted with adult patients...
2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757142/study-protocol-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-to-assess-the-effectiveness-of-a-therapeutic-educational-program-in-oral-health-for-persons-with-schizophrenia
#19
Frederic Denis, Isabelle Millot, Nicolas Abello, Maud Carpentier, Audrey Peteuil, Agnès Soudry-Faure
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder that affects 1 % of the world's population, including 600,000 people in France. Persons with schizophrenia (PWS) have excess mortality (their life expectancy is reduced by 20 %) and excess morbidity. In addition, such persons may have a large number of missing or decayed teeth. Dental caries and periodontal measurement indexes are often twice as high as the level found in the general population. Poor oral health can also affect quality of life and oral health is inseparable from general health...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737831/impact-of-financial-incentives-on-alcohol-consumption-recording-in-primary-health-care-among-adults-with-schizophrenia-and-other-psychoses-a-cross-sectional-and-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
Zarnie Khadjesari, Sarah L Hardoon, Irene Petersen, Fiona L Hamilton, Irwin Nazareth
AIMS: Lack of financial incentive is a frequently cited barrier to alcohol screening in primary care. The Quality and Outcomes Framework (QOF) pay for performance scheme has reimbursed UK primary care practices for alcohol screening in people with schizophrenia since April 2011. This study aimed to determine the impact of financial incentives on alcohol screening by comparing rates of alcohol recording in people with versus those without schizophrenia between 2000 and 2013. METHODS: Cross-sectional and retrospective cohort study...
October 13, 2016: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
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