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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645261/determinants-of-quality-of-life-among-people-diagnosed-with-schizophrenia-at-outpatient-clinics
#1
Abd Alhadi Hasan, Hussein Tumah
PURPOSE: The study examines the determinants of the quality of life (QoL) among outpatients with schizophrenia in Jordan. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used with 157 people with schizophrenia treated in outpatient clinics. Demographic, clinical and psychosocial variables were examined for their influence on QoL. Data were analysed with descriptive statistics, Pearson product moment correlation and stepwise forward multiple linear regression...
April 12, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456122/blood-perfusion-in-left-inferior-and-middle-frontal-gyrus-predicts-communication-skills-in-schizophrenia
#2
Andrea Cantisani, Katharina Stegmayer, Andrea Federspiel, Stephan Bohlhalter, Roland Wiest, Sebastian Walther
Schizophrenia is one of the most debilitating mental disorders, severely affecting patients' community functioning. Functional capacity (FC) describes the skills necessary for successful functional outcome (FO), such as financial knowledge or communication skills. We investigated whether resting-state cerebral blood flow (rCBF) measured at baseline with arterial spin labeling (ASL) would predict FC or FO at a 6-months follow-up in 27 schizophrenia patients. A negative linear association was noted between FC and rCBF in the left inferior and middle frontal gyrus, areas involved in language processing, suggesting a potential relationship between cerebral perfusion and prospective FC in schizophrenia...
April 30, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433614/hope-or-hype-in-the-treatment-of-schizophrenia-what-s-the-role-of-the-physician
#3
Rodrigo A Bressan, Geder E M Grohs, Gabriela Matos, Sukhi Shergill
According to the experience of people with schizophrenia, their psychiatrists' attitude towards the outcome of their illness is lacking in hope, which directly affects mutual faith in treatment. Here we discuss the scientific basis of hope and show its instrumental role in optimising the best treatment strategies for schizophrenia. Declaration of interest R.A.B has received honoraria for educational input and non-financial support from Ache; honoraria for educational input from Lundbeck; grants, honoraria for educational input and non-financial support from Janssen; all outside the submitted work...
January 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338277/assessment-of-inpatient-psychiatric-readmission-risk-among-patients-discharged-on-an-antipsychotic-polypharmacy-regimen-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Esad Boskailo, Aldin Malkoc, Dustin B McCurry, Jacob Venter, David Drachman, Gilbert M Ramos
OBJECTIVE: Patients are frequently prescribed multiple antipsychotic medications, leading to higher healthcare costs and increased risk for side effects. The efficacy of multiple versus single antipsychotics to prevent acute relapse, measured by incidence of inpatient readmission, is investigated in Arizona, USA. METHOD: A retrospective chart review compared socio-demographic and clinical data from 1,010 patients discharged on a single and 377 discharged on multiple antipsychotic medications...
November 2017: Acta Medica Academica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325726/quality-of-life-disparities-between-persons-with-schizophrenia-and-their-professional-caregivers-network-analysis-in-a-national-cohort
#5
Anat Rotstein, David Roe, Marc Gelkopf, Efrat Shadmi, Stephen Z Levine
BACKGROUND: Disparities between mental health patients and their professional caregivers in quality of life appraisals have been identified, however, the structure that such disparities assume is unknown. AIMS: To examine the network structure of quality of life appraisals and disparities using network analysis. METHODS: Participants were 1639 persons with schizophrenia using psychiatric rehabilitation services and their primary professional caregivers (N=582)...
January 8, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184969/out-of-pocket-health-expenditures-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-anxiety-schizophrenia-and-other-psychotic-disorders-findings-from-a-study-in-a-psychiatry-outpatient-clinic-in-turkey
#6
Duygu Islek, Bulent Kilic, Berna Binnur Akdede
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to explore the amount of OOP health expenditures and their determinants in patients with bipolar disorder, anxiety, schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders in a psychiatry outpatient clinic of Turkey. METHODS: The study group was 191 patients who attended to the Psychiatry Outpatient Clinic in June 2014. All patients were previously diagnosed with either 'bipolar disorder', 'anxiety disorder' or 'schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders'...
February 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137560/randomized-trial-of-interventions-for-smoking-cessation-among-medicaid-beneficiaries-with-mental-illness
#7
Mary F Brunette, Sarah I Pratt, Stephen J Bartels, Emily A Scherer, Stacey C Sigmon, Joelle C Ferron, Meghan Santos, Gail E Williams, Samuel Kosydar, Rosemarie S Wolfe, Doris Lotz, Kelley Capuchino
OBJECTIVE: Medicaid beneficiaries with severe mental illnesses are a financially disadvantaged group with high rates of smoking and poor cessation outcomes. This study examined whether abstinence-contingent monetary incentives improved outcomes when added to cessation treatments at community mental health centers: prescriber visit for pharmacotherapy only (PV only), prescriber visit and facilitated quitline (PV+Q), and prescriber visit and telephone cognitive-behavioral therapy (PV+CBT)...
November 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128195/-what-support-of-young-presenting-a-first-psychotic-episode-when-schooling-is-being-challenged
#8
M-N Vacheron, H Veyrat-Masson, E Wehbe
Psychiatric disorders (more specifically mood disorders and psychosis) represent the 1st cause of disability among young people. Unemployment rate between 75 to 95% for the person with schizophrenia. It is correlated to poor social integration and bad economic status, worse symptomatology loss of autonomy as well as global bad functioning. It is responsible of more than half of the overall cost of psychosis. The onset of most of psychiatric disorders occur between the age of 25 and 35 years old, a critical time in young adult life when they should build their professional as well as social future...
December 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096131/winter-birth-urbanicity-and-immigrant-status-predict-psychometric-schizotypy-dimensions-in-adolescents
#9
D Mimarakis, T Roumeliotaki, P Roussos, S G Giakoumaki, P Bitsios
BACKGROUND: Urbanicity, immigration and winter-birth are stable epidemiological risk factors for schizophrenia, but their relationship to schizotypy is unknown. This is a first examination of the association of these epidemiological risk factors with positive schizotypy, in nonclinical adolescents, controlling for a range of potential and known confounders. METHODS: We collected socio-demographics, life-style, family and school circumstances, positive schizotypy dimensions and other personality traits from 445 high school pupils (192 males, 158 immigrants) from 9 municipalities in Athens and Heraklion, Greece, which covered a range of host population and migrant densities...
January 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072182/social-challenges-of-contemporary-psychiatry
#10
N Bouras
Psychiatry and society are interrelated and the biopsychosocial model continues to dominate the clinical psychiatric practice. Some doubts have been expressed in recent years about the value and the wide acceptance of the biopsychosocial model. Ghaemi (2009)1 considers it to be anti-humanistic and advocates the use of less eclectic, less generic, and less vague alternatives. The fundamental changes that have been witnessed in our times across the spectrum of biology, psychology and sociology have made necessary that a conceptual clarity should prevail...
July 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067048/illness-perceptions-in-patients-of-schizophrenia-a-preliminary-investigation-from-lahore-pakistan
#11
Sadia Hussain, Nazish Imran, Usman Amin Hotiana, Nauman Mazhar, Aftab Asif
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Patient's perception of their illness influences their healthcare decisions. The objectives of this study were to explore patient's own beliefs about their illness (Schizophrenia) and perceived social support, and its impact on their attitudes toward pharmacological treatment in Lahore, Pakistan. METHODS: This study was conducted at Mayo Hospital Lahore from March to September 2016. Hundred individuals suffering from Schizophrenia completed four questionnaires; a socio-demographic questionnaire, the Illness Perception Questionnaire for Schizophrenia(IPQ-S), Drug attitude Inventory-10 (DAI) and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (PSS)...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859579/understanding-the-cost-of-a-new-integrated-care-model-to-serve-cmhc-patients-who-have-serious-mental-illness
#12
Christina Mangurian, Grace Niu, Dean Schillinger, John W Newcomer, Todd Gilmer
People with serious mental illness, such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, experience premature mortality, often from cardiovascular disease (CVD). Unfortunately, people with serious mental illness typically are not screened or treated for CVD risk factors despite national guideline recommendations. Access to primary preventive care in community mental health settings has the potential to reduce early mortality rates in this population. The authors review best practices for developing an integrated care model for people with serious mental illness by considering economic feasibility and sustainability from the perspective of a community mental health clinic (CMHC)...
October 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851345/ethical-acceptability-of-offering-financial-incentives-for-taking-antipsychotic-depot-medication-patients-and-clinicians-perspectives-after-a-12-month-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Ernst L Noordraven, Maartje H N Schermer, Peter Blanken, Cornelis L Mulder, André I Wierdsma
BACKGROUND: A randomized controlled trial 'Money for Medication'(M4M) was conducted in which patients were offered financial incentives for taking antipsychotic depot medication. This study assessed the attitudes and ethical considerations of patients and clinicians who participated in this trial. METHODS: Three mental healthcare institutions in secondary psychiatric care in the Netherlands participated in this study. Patients (n = 169), 18-65 years, diagnosed with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder or another psychotic disorder who had been prescribed antipsychotic depot medication, were randomly assigned to receive 12 months of either treatment as usual plus a financial reward for each depot of medication received (intervention group) or treatment as usual alone (control group)...
August 29, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792563/-initiating-an-antipsychotic-drug-treatment-for-schizophrenia-the-situation-in-quebec-canada-from-1998-to-2006
#14
Jean-Daniel Carrier, Lucie Blais, Alan Cohen, Josiane Courteau, Pasquale Roberge, Annie Larouche, Sylvain Grignon, Marie-Josée Fleury, Alain Lesage, Marie-France Demers, Marc-André Roy, André Delorme, Alain Vanasse
Objectives To describe factors associated with the following characteristics of the first prescription of an antipsychotic drug treatment (ADT): 1) prescribing physician type (psychiatrist vs. general practitioner); 2) second-generation vs. first-generation antipsychotic drug; 3) in conjunction with at least one additional antipsychotic drug (multitherapy); 4) never renewed by the patient.Methods This is a pharmacoepidemiologic study using administrative data from the Régie de l'assurance maladie du Québec (RAMQ), the public healthcare insurer in Quebec, Canada...
December 0: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751663/caregiver-burden-in-schizophrenia-following-paliperidone-palmitate-long-acting-injectables-treatment-pooled-analysis-of-two-double-blind-randomized-phase-three-studies
#15
Srihari Gopal, Haiyan Xu, Kelly McQuarrie, Adam Savitz, Isaac Nuamah, Kimberly Woodruff, Maju Mathews
The pooled analysis of two double-blind, randomized, multicenter, phase-3 studies evaluated predictors of improvement or worsening of schizophrenia-related caregiver burden following paliperidone palmitate long-acting injectables (1-monthly [PP1M] and 3-monthly [PP3M]) treatment. Caregivers were offered to complete the involvement evaluation questionnaire (involvement evaluation questionnaire; 31-item scale). Total, 1498 caregivers (intent-to-treat open-label analysis set, n = 1497; mean [SD] age: 51.5 [13...
July 27, 2017: NPJ Schizophrenia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716128/tobacco-dependence-among-people-with-mental-illness-a-facility-based-cross-sectional-study-from-southwest-ethiopia
#16
Zemenay Molla, Lamesa Dube, Wolfgang Krahl, Matiwos Soboka
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is a health care issue in developed as well as in developing countries. Tobacco smoking among people with mental illness is significantly higher than in the general population. Tobacco smoking has negative effects on physical, mental and financial well-being of people with mental illness but little is known about tobacco dependence among mental health service users in sub-Saharan African countries, including Ethiopia. Therefore, this study attempted to assess the prevalence of tobacco dependence and associated factors among mental health service users at Jimma University teaching hospital...
July 17, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628657/reported-family-burden-of-schizophrenia-patients-in-rural-china
#17
Yu Yu, Zi-Wei Liu, Bing-Wei Tang, Mei Zhao, Xi-Guang Liu, Shui-Yuan Xiao
We aim to assess the level of family burden of schizophrenia patients and identify its predicting factors in a rural community sample of China. A sample of 327 primary caregivers was recruited through a one-stage cluster sampling in Ningxiang County of Hunan province, China. Family burden was assessed using the Family Burden Interview Schedule (FBIS) of Pai and Kapur. Our results showed that the mean score of FBIS was 23.62±9.76 (range, 0-48), with over half (52%) caregivers reported their family burden being moderate and severe...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553120/productivity-and-deadweight-losses-due-to-relapses-of-schizophrenia-in-japan
#18
Yusuke Nakamura, Jörg Mahlich
BACKGROUND: No study has examined the financial impact of relapses on schizophrenia from the perspective of Japanese society. This study aimed to estimate the societal costs in Japan caused by the relapses of schizophrenia. METHODS: The societal costs in Japan in 2013 due to relapses of schizophrenia were estimated by summing the productivity loss and deadweight loss caused by schizophrenia relapses in 2013. Deterministic sensitivity analysis was conducted for deadweight loss rate, relapse rate, and patient income...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526049/psychological-status-and-quality-of-life-among-primary-caregivers-of-individuals-with-mental-illness-a-hospital-based-study
#19
Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Vathsala Sagayadevan, Edimansyah Abdin, YunJue Zhang, Sherilyn Chang, Saleha Shafie, Restria Fauziana Abdul Rahman, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to explore the psychological status and quality of life among primary caregivers of individuals suffering from various mental illnesses including early psychosis, chronic schizophrenia, depressive disorders, anxiety disorders and dementia. METHODS: A total of 350 primary caregivers with relatives seeking treatment at a tertiary psychiatric hospital were recruited for this study. Socio-demographic data was obtained and the brief version of the World Health Organisation Quality of Life instrument was used to assess caregiver's quality of life (QOL)...
May 19, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485998/barriers-to-seeking-early-psychiatric-treatment-amongst-first-episode-psychosis-patients-a-qualitative-study
#20
Abd Alhadi Hasan, Mahmoud Musleh
AIMS: The aim of this study was to explore the family members' determinant of the delay in seeking psychiatric care to patients diagnosed with psychosis. METHODS: Qualitative semi-structured interviews were carried out with twenty-seven family members of patients with psychosis at psychiatric outpatient clinics in Amman, Jordan. RESULTS: The findings revealed that perceived stigma and fears about being labelled are the main barriers to requesting early psychiatric health care...
August 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
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