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Titanium 3d

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023426/nanometric-mil-125-nh%C3%A2-metal-organic-framework-as-a-potential-nerve-agent-antidote-carrier
#1
Sérgio M F Vilela, Pablo Salcedo-Abraira, Isabelle Colinet, Fabrice Salles, Martijn C de Koning, Marloes J A Joosen, Christian Serre, Patricia Horcajada
The three-dimensional (3D) microporous titanium aminoterephthalate MIL-125-NH₂ (MIL: Material of Institut Lavoisier) was successfully isolated as monodispersed nanoparticles, which are compatible with intravenous administration, by using a simple, safe and low-cost synthetic approach (100 °C/32 h under atmospheric pressure) so that for the first time it could be considered for encapsulation and the release of drugs. The nerve agent antidote 2-[(hydroxyimino)methyl]-1-methyl-pyridinium chloride (2-PAM or pralidoxime) was effectively encapsulated into the pores of MIL-125-NH₂ as a result of the interactions between 2-PAM and the pore walls being mediated by π-stacking and hydrogen bonds, as deduced from infrared spectroscopy and Monte Carlo simulation studies...
October 12, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019926/the-effects-of-acid-etching-on-the-nanomorphological-surface-characteristics-and-activation-energy-of-titanium-medical-materials
#2
Kuo-Yung Hung, Yi-Chih Lin, Hui-Ping Feng
The purpose of this study was to characterize the etching mechanism, namely, the etching rate and the activation energy, of a titanium dental implant in concentrated acid and to construct the relation between the activation energy and the nanoscale surface topographies. A commercially-pure titanium (CP Ti) and Ti-6Al-4V ELI surface were tested by shot blasting (pressure, grain size, blasting distance, blasting angle, and time) and acid etching to study its topographical, weight loss, surface roughness, and activation energy...
October 11, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018818/the-mechanical-properties-and-biometrical-effect-of-3d-preformed-titanium-membrane-for-guided-bone-regeneration-on-alveolar-bone-defect
#3
So-Hyoun Lee, Jong-Hoon Moon, Chang-Mo Jeong, Eun-Bin Bae, Chung-Eun Park, Gye-Rok Jeon, Jin-Ju Lee, Young-Chan Jeon, Jung-Bo Huh
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of three-dimensional preformed titanium membrane (3D-PFTM) to enhance mechanical properties and ability of bone regeneration on the peri-implant bone defect. 3D-PFTMs by new mechanically compressive molding technology and manually shaped- (MS-) PFTMs by hand manipulation were applied in artificial peri-implant bone defect model for static compressive load test and cyclic fatigue load test. In 12 implants installed in the mandibular of three beagle dogs, six 3D-PFTMs, and six collagen membranes (CM) randomly were applied to 2...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968522/mapping-buried-nanostructures-using-subsurface-ultrasonic-resonance-force-microscopy
#4
Maarten H van Es, Abbas Mohtashami, Rutger M T Thijssen, Daniele Piras, Paul L M J van Neer, Hamed Sadeghian
Nondestructive subsurface nanoimaging of buried nanostructures is considered to be extremely challenging and is essential for the reliable manufacturing of nanotechnology products such as three-dimensional (3D) transistors, 3D NAND memory, and future quantum electronics. In scanning probe microscopy (SPM), a microcantilever with a sharp tip can measure the properties of a surface with nanometer resolution. SPM combined with ultrasound excitation, known as ultrasound SPM, has shown the capability to image buried nanoscale features...
September 23, 2017: Ultramicroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956601/high-nuclearity-lanthanide-titanium-oxo-clusters-as-luminescent-molecular-thermometers-with-high-quantum-yields
#5
Dong-Fei Lu, Zi-Feng Hong, Jing Xie, Xiang-Jian Kong, La-Sheng Long, Lan-Sun Zheng
Three heterometallic lanthanide-titanium oxo clusters (LnTOCs) formulated as Eu2Ti4(μ3-O)4(tbba)12(acac)2 (Eu2Ti4, 1, Hacac = acetylacetone), Eu5Ti4(μ3-O)6(tbba)20(Htbba)(THF)2 (Eu5Ti4, 2), and Eu8Ti10(μ3-O)14(Ac)2(tbba)34(H2O)4(THF)2(Htbba)2 (Eu8Ti10, 3) were prepared through the reactions of 4-tert-butylbenzoate (Htbba), rare-earth salts, and Ti(O(i)Pr)4. The solution luminescence investigation discovered a size-dependent quantum yield phenomenon in solution. A solid-state luminescence study showed that these three LnTOCs display temperature-dependent photoluminescent properties...
September 28, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937740/ab-initio-study-of-the-atomic-level-structure-of-the-rutile-tio2-110-titanium-nitride-tin-interface
#6
José Julio Gutiérrez Moreno, Michael Nolan
Titanium nitride (TiN) is widely used in industry as a protective coating due to its hardness and resistance to corrosion and can spontaneously form a thin oxide layer when it is exposed to air, which could modify the properties of the coating. With limited understanding of the TiO2-TiN interfacial system at present, this work aims to describe the structural and electronic properties of oxidized TiN based on a density functional theory (DFT) study of the rutile TiO2(110)-TiN(100) interface model system, also including Hubbard +U correction on Ti 3d states...
October 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899562/the-design-production-and-clinical-application-of-3d-patient-specific-implants-with-drilling-guides-for-acetabular-surgery
#7
B J Merema, J Kraeima, K Ten Duis, K W Wendt, R Warta, E Vos, R H Schepers, M J H Witjes, F F A IJpma
An innovative procedure for the development of 3D patient-specific implants with drilling guides for acetabular fracture surgery is presented. By using CT data and 3D surgical planning software, a virtual model of the fractured pelvis was created. During this process the fracture was virtually reduced. Based on the reduced fracture model, patient-specific titanium plates including polyamide drilling guides were designed, 3D printed and milled for intra-operative use. One of the advantages of this procedure is that the personalised plates could be tailored to both the shape of the pelvis and the type of fracture...
August 30, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895931/wet-chemical-synthesis-of-3d-stacked-thin-film-metal-oxides-for-all-solid-state-li-ion-batteries
#8
Evert Jonathan van den Ham, Giulia Maino, Gilles Bonneux, Wouter Marchal, Ken Elen, Sven Gielis, Felix Mattelaer, Christophe Detavernier, Peter H L Notten, Marlies K Van Bael, An Hardy
By ultrasonic spray deposition of precursors, conformal deposition on 3D surfaces of tungsten oxide (WO₃) negative electrode and amorphous lithium lanthanum titanium oxide (LLT) solid-electrolyte has been achieved as well as an all-solid-state half-cell. Electrochemical activity was achieved of the WO₃ layers, annealed at temperatures of 500 °C. Galvanostatic measurements show a volumetric capacity (415 mAh·cm(-3)) of the deposited electrode material. In addition, electrochemical activity was shown for half-cells, created by coating WO₃ with LLT as the solid-state electrolyte...
September 12, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892256/possibility-of-quantitative-t2-mapping-mri-of-cartilage-near-metal-in-high-tibial-osteotomy-a-human-cadaver-study
#9
Joost Verschueren, Duncan E Meuffels, Esther E Bron, Stefan Klein, Gert-Jan Kleinrensink, Jan A N Verhaar, Sita M A Bierma-Zeinstra, Gabriel P Krestin, Piotr A Wielopolski, Max Reijman, Edwin H G Oei
T2-mapping is a widely used quantitative MRI technique in osteoarthritis research. An important challenge for its application in the context of high tibial osteotomy (HTO) is the presence of metallic fixation devices. In this study, we evaluated the possibility of performing T2-mapping after a HTO, by assessing the extent of magnetic susceptibility artifacts and the influence on T2 relaxation times caused by two commonly used fixation devices. T2-mapping with a 3D fast spin-echo sequence at 3 Tesla was performed on 11 human cadaveric knee joints before and after implantation of a titanium plate and screws (n = 5) or cobalt chrome staples(n = 6)...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888931/biomechanical-testing-of-zirconium-dioxide-osteosynthesis-system-for-le-fort-i-advancement-osteotomy-fixation
#10
Lukas Hingsammer, Markus Grillenberger, Martin Schagerl, Michael Malek, Stefan Hunger
The following work is the first evaluating the applicability of 3D printed zirconium dioxide ceramic miniplates and screws to stabilize maxillary segments following a Le-Fort I advancement surgery. Conventionally used titanium and individual fabricated zirconium dioxide miniplates were biomechanically tested and compared under an occlusal load of 120N and 500N using 3D finite element analysis. The overall model consisted of 295,477 elements. Under an occlusal load of 500N a safety factor before plastic deformation respectively crack of 2...
September 5, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888428/displacement-comparison-of-cad-cam-titanium-and-zirconia-abutments-to-implants-with-different-conical-connections
#11
Burak Yilmaz, Shervin Hashemzadeh, Jeremy D Seidt, Nancy L Clelland
PURPOSE: To compare the displacements of CAD-CAM zirconia and titanium abutments into different internal connection systems after torquing. METHODS: OsseoSpeed EV and OsseoSpeed TX implants (n=10) were placed in resin blocks. Zirconia and titanium abutments (n=5) were first hand tightened and then tightened to the recommended torque (20Ncm for TX and 25Ncm for EV). Displacements of abutments between screw tightening by hand and torque driver was measured using three-dimensional digital image correlation (3D DIC) technique...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885370/usefulness-of-titanium-mesh-cage-for-posterior-c1-c2-fixation-in-patients-with-atlantoaxial-instability
#12
Hwan-Seo Yang, Ki-Wan Kim, Young-Min Oh, Jong-Pil Eun
The aim of this study was to investigate the usefulness of titanium mesh cage as an interlaminar spacer combined with nitinol shape memory loop fixation in patients with atlantoaxial instability.From April 2009 to March 2017, among the patients with atlantoaxial instability, a total of 30 patients were treated by nitinol shape memory loop fixation combined with titanium mesh cage as a spacer. We retrospectively reviewed 30 enrolled patients. Successful fusion was determined as improvement of symptoms and radiologic findings of bone fusion...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884523/response-of-umbilical-cord-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-to-varying-titanium-topographical-signals
#13
Ines Lauria, Miriam Höner, Sebastian Kant, Roswitha Davtalab, Thomas Weik, Katrin Sternberg, Horst Fischer
A wide variety of titanium implant modifications have been developed to improve tissue- or cell-material interactions including bone bonding, implant failure, and contact osteogenesis. Osteogenesis can be stimulated by mechanobiological signals such as topography though translation of in vivo reactions to in vitro bioactivity and stem cell culture data, and vice versa, is challenging. We hypothesized that a systematic in vitro approach comparing clinically well-accepted implant surface topographical modifications could shed light on potential cell biological mechanisms provoked by submicron-, micron- or macrostructured surfaces...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872322/local-vs-nonlocal-states-in-fetio3-probed-with-1s2prixs-implications-for-photochemistry
#14
Myrtille O J Y Hunault, Wilayat Khan, Jan Minár, Thomas Kroll, Dimosthenis Sokaras, Patric Zimmermann, Mario U Delgado-Jaime, Frank M F de Groot
Metal-metal charge transfer (MMCT) is expected to be the main mechanism that enables the harvesting of solar light by iron-titanium oxides for photocatalysis. We have studied FeTiO3 as a model compound for MMCT with 1s2pRIXS at the Fe K-edge. The high-energy resolution XANES enables distinguishing five pre-edge features. The three first well distinct RIXS features are assigned to electric quadrupole transitions to the localized Fe* 3d states, shifted to lower energy by the 1s core-hole. Crystal field multiplet calculations confirm the speciation of divalent iron...
September 18, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855286/improved-methods-for-acrylic-free-implants-in-non-human-primates-for-neuroscience-research
#15
Jacqueline A Overton, Dylan F Cooke, Adam B Goldring, Steven A Lucero, Conor Weatherford, Gregg H Recanzone
Traditionally, head fixation devices and recording cylinders have been implanted in non-human primates (NHP) using dental acrylic, in spite of several shortcomings associated with acrylic. The use of more biocompatible materials such as titanium and PEEK is becoming more prevalent in NHP research. We describe a cost-effective set of procedures that maximizes the integration of headposts and recording cylinders with the animal's tissues while reducing surgery time. Nine rhesus monkeys were implanted with titanium headposts and one of these was also implanted with a recording chamber...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832345/biomimetic-surface-functionalization-of-clinically-relevant-metals-used-as-orthopaedic-and-dental-implants
#16
Elena García-Gareta, Jia Hua, Alodia Orera, Nupur Kohli, Jonathan C Knowles, Gordon W Blunn
Titanium and its alloys or tantalum (Ta) are materials used in orthopaedic and dental implants due to their excellent mechanical properties and biocompatibility. However, their bioactivity and osteoconductivity is low. With a view to improving these materials bioactivity we hypothesised that the surface of Ta and TiAl6V4 can be functionalised with biomimetic, amorphous nano-sized calcium-phosphate (CaP) apatite-like deposits, instead of creating uniform coatings, which can lead to flaking, delamination and poor adherence...
August 23, 2017: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828975/customized-titanium-mesh-based-on-the-3d-printed-model-vs-manual-intraoperative-bending-of-titanium-mesh-for-reconstructing-of-orbital-bone-fracture-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Shahrokh Raisian, Hamid Reza Fallahi, Kazem S Khiabani, Mehdi Heidarizadeh, Sadaf Azdoo
BACKGROUND: This study was aimed to compare the efficacy of customized patient-specific titanium mesh based on 3D printed model with intra-operative bending of titanium mesh for reconstructing of orbital floor fracture. METHODS: This study was prospectively conducted on 10 patients with unilateral orbital floor fractures caused by accident or falls. In intervention group (n=5), the CT-scan slices were used for generating 3D reconstruction of both affected and unaffected orbits...
August 21, 2017: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820570/engineering-of-micro-to-nanostructured-3d-printed-drug-releasing-titanium-implants-for-enhanced-osseointegration-and-localized-delivery-of-anticancer-drugs
#18
Shaheer Maher, Gagandeep Kaur, Luis Lima-Marques, Andreas Evdokiou, Dusan Losic
Primary and secondary bone cancers are major causes of pathological bone fractures which are usually treated through implant fixation and chemotherapy. However, both approaches face many limitations. On one hand, implants may suffer from poor osseointegration, and their rejection results in repeated surgery, patient's suffering, and extensive expenses. On the other hand, there are severe systemic adverse effects of toxic chemotherapeutics which are administrated systemically. In this paper, in order to address these two problems, we present a new type of localized drug-releasing titanium implants with enhanced implants' biointegration and drug release capabilities that could provide a high concentration of anticancer drugs locally to treat bone cancers...
August 24, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809089/inverted-quasi-spherical-droplets-on-polydopamine-tio2-substrates-for-enhancing-gene-delivery
#19
Seung-Hyun Kim, Mihyun Lee, Mira Cho, Il-Sun Kim, Kook In Park, Haeshin Lee, Jae-Hyung Jang
Devising efficient gene delivery systems is crucial to enhancing the therapeutic efficacy of gene-cell therapy approaches. Herein, inverted quasi-spherical (iQS) droplet systems, which enhance gene delivery efficiencies by reducing the path lengths of gene vectors, mediating motions of vectors at early stages, and raising the contact frequencies of vectors with cells, are developed by adopting the principle of 3D hanging-drop cell culture. Micrometer-sized polydopamine (pDA) holes are created on superhydrophobic titanium isopropoxide (TiO2 )-coated substrates by physical scraping; droplets are loaded on the pDA holes, and inversion of the substrate generates iQS droplets with large contact angles...
August 15, 2017: Macromolecular Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801685/investigation-on-ti6al4v-v-cr-fe-ss316-multi-layers-metallic-structure-fabricated-by-laser-3d-printing
#20
Wei Li, Frank Liou, Joseph Newkirk, Karen M Brown Taminger, William J Seufzer
Joining titanium alloy and stainless steel is becoming an urgent need since their outstanding mechanical properties can be utilized integratedly. However, direct fusion joining of Ti6Al4V to SS316 can cause brittle Ti-Fe intermetallics which compromise join bonds' mechanical properties. In this research, Laser 3D Printing was applied to explore a new Ti6Al4V to SS316 multi-metallic structure. A novel filler transition route was introduced (Ti6Al4V → V → Cr → Fe → SS316) to avoid the Ti-Fe intermetallics...
August 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
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