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Titanium 3d

Federico Mandelli, Enrico Gherlone, Giorgio Gastaldi, Marco Ferrari
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of different laboratory scanners using a calibrated coordinate measuring machine as reference. METHODS: A sand blasted titanium reference model (RM) was scanned with an industrial 3D scanner in order to obtain a reference digital model (dRM) that was saved in the standard tessellation format (.stl). RM was scanned ten times with each one of the tested scanners (GC Europe Aadva, Zfx Evolution, 3Shape D640, 3Shape D700, NobilMetal Sinergia, EGS DScan3, Open Technologies Concept Scan Top) and all the scans were exported in ...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
Juho Suojanen, Junnu Leikola, Patricia Stoor
The use of virtual surgery, patient-specific saw and drill guides, and custom-made osteosynthesis plates is rapidly spreading from deformity surgery to orthognathic surgery. Most of the commercially available systems are using computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacture (CAD/CAM) wafers to produce patient-specific saw guides. However, most plate systems provided are still the conventional "in stock" mini plates that can be individually designed by pre-bending according to the stereolithographic model of the patient...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Tae-Woong Kim, Soo-Jin Park
Reduced graphene oxide (rGO)/thorn-like TiO2 nanofiber (TTF) aerogels, or GTTF aerogels, with different TTF weight ratios were successfully prepared by electrospinning, silica etching and hydrothermal combination method. During the hydrothermal reaction, the rGO nanosheets and TTF self-assembled into three-dimensional (3D) interconnected networks, in which the TTF is loaded onto the rGO nanosheets. The electrochemical performance of the GTTF aerogels was assessed using cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic charge-discharge measurements in a 1M aqueous Na2SO4 electrolyte...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Carina Muoth, Adrian Wichser, Marco Monopoli, Manuel Correia, Nicky Ehrlich, Katrin Loeschner, Audrey Gallud, Melanie Kucki, Liliane Diener, Pius Manser, Wolfram Jochum, Peter Wick, Tina Buerki-Thurnherr
There is increasing evidence that certain nanoparticles (NPs) can overcome the placental barrier, raising concerns on potential adverse effects on the growing fetus. But even in the absence of placental transfer, NPs may pose a risk to proper fetal development if they interfere with the viability and functionality of the placental tissue. The effects of NPs on the human placenta are not well studied or understood, and predictive in vitro placenta models to achieve mechanistic insights on NP-placenta interactions are essentially lacking...
October 6, 2016: Nanoscale
Behnam Akhavan, Steven G Wise, Marcela M M Bilek
Although plasma polymerization is traditionally considered as a substrate-independent process, we present evidence that the propensity of a substrate to form carbide bonds regulates the growth mechanisms of plasma polymer (PP) films. The manner by which the first layers of PP films grow determines the adhesion and robustness of the film. Zirconium, titanium, and silicon substrates were used to study the early stages of PP film formation from a mixture of acetylene, nitrogen, and argon precursor gases. The correlation of initial growth mechanisms with the robustness of the films was evaluated through incubation of coated substrates in simulated body fluid (SBF) at 37° for 2 months...
October 11, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Sajad Arabnejad, Burnett Johnston, Michael Tanzer, Damiano Pasini
Current hip replacement femoral implants are made of fully solid materials which all have stiffness considerably higher than that of bone. This mechanical mismatch can cause significant bone resorption secondary to stress shielding, which can lead to serious complications such as peri-prosthetic fracture during or after revision surgery. In this work, a high strength fully porous material with tunable mechanical properties is introduced for use in hip replacement design. The implant macro geometry is based off of a short stem taper-wedge implant compatible with minimally invasive hip replacement surgery...
September 24, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Sorin Mihali, Silvana Canjau, Emanuel Bratu, Hom-Lay Wang
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate, in a case control study, the esthetic and functional clinical performance of ceramic inlays used for covering the screw access hole in single monolithic lithium disilicate full-contour crowns bonded on computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) prefabricated titanium abutments in order to eliminate the drawbacks of alternative restorative methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight patients with missing teeth in the lateral areas (premolars and molars) received screw-retained implant restorations...
September 2016: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Miguel Castilho, Jorge Rodrigues, Elke Vorndran, Uwe Gbureck, Carlos Quental, João Folgado, Paulo R Fernandes
Tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA) is a promising method for the treatment of cruciate ligament rupture in dogs that usually implies the implantation of a titanium cage as bone implant. This cage is non-biodegradable and fails in providing adequate implant-bone tissue integration. The objective of this work is to propose a new process chain for designing and manufacturing an alternative biodegradable cage that can fulfill specific patient requirements. A three-dimensional finite element model (3D FEM) of the TTA system was first created to evaluate the mechanical environment at cage domain during different stages of the dog walk...
September 2, 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Satoshi Horita, Tsutomu Sugiura, Kazuhiko Yamamoto, Kazuhiro Murakami, Yuichiro Imai, Tadaaki Kirita
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the biomechanical behavior of immediately loaded implants in an edentulous mandible according to the "All-on-Four" concept. METHODS: A 3D-finite element model of an edentulous mandible was constructed. Four implants were placed between the bilateral mental foramen according to "All-on-Four" concept. A framework made of titanium or acrylic resin between the bilateral first molars was modeled. Immediate loading and a delayed loading protocol were simulated...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
Karan Gulati, Masakazu Kogawa, Matthew Prideaux, David M Findlay, Gerald J Atkins, Dusan Losic
There is an ongoing demand for new approaches for treating localized bone pathologies. Here we propose a new strategy for treatment of such conditions, via local delivery of hormones/drugs to the trauma site using drug releasing nano-engineered implants. The proposed implants were prepared in the form of small Ti wires/needles with a nano-engineered oxide layer composed of array of titania nanotubes (TNTs). TNTs implants were inserted into a 3D collagen gel matrix containing human osteoblast-like, and the results confirmed cell migration onto the implants and their attachment and spread...
December 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Cláudia Lopes Brilhante Bhering, Marcelo Ferraz Mesquita, Daniel Takanori Kemmoku, Pedro Yoshito Noritomi, Rafael Leonardo Xediek Consani, Valentim Adelino Ricardo Barão
We evaluated two treatment concepts for the rehabilitation of moderate atrophic maxilla with dental implants (all-on-four and all-on-six) and the effect of framework material on the stress distribution of implant-support system. A three-dimensional finite element model based on a prototype was built to simulate an entirely edentulous maxilla with moderate sinus pneumatization that was rehabilitated with a full-arch fixed dental prosthesis. Four standard implants were positioned according to the all-on-four concept and four standard implants and two short implants were placed according to the all-on-six concept...
December 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Jong Hwan Park, Youngsuk Jung, Yooseong Yang, Hyun Suk Shin, Soonchul Kwon
For efficient solar cells based on organic semiconductors, a good mixture of photoactive materials in the bulk heterojunction on the length scale of several tens of nanometers is an important requirement to prevent exciton recombination. Herein, we demonstrate that nanoporous titanium dioxide inverse opal structures fabricated using a self-assembled monolayer method and with enhanced infiltration of electron-donating polymers is an efficient electron-extracting layer, which enhances the photovoltaic performance...
October 5, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Daeho Hong, Da-Tren Chou, Oleg I Velikokhatnyi, Abhijit Roy, Boeun Lee, Isaac Swink, Ilona Issaev, Howard A Kuhn, Prashant N Kumta
: 3D printing of various biomaterials including titanium and stainless steel has been studied for treating patients with cranio-maxillofacial bone defect. The potential long term complications with use of inert biometals have opened the opportunities for use of biodegradable metals in the clinical arena. The authors previously reported that binder-jet 3D printing technique enhanced the degradation rates of biodegradable Fe-Mn alloy by creating engineered micropores rendering the system attractive as biodegradable implantable devices...
November 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
Candice Y Lee, Joshua K Wong, Ronald E Ross, David C Liu, Kamal R Khabbaz, Angelo J Martellaro, Heather R Gorea, Jude S Sauer, Peter A Knight
OBJECTIVE: Prostheses attachment is critical in aortic valve replacement surgery, yet reliable prosthetic security remains a challenge. Accurate techniques to analyze prosthetic fixation pressures may enable the use of fewer sutures while reducing the risk of paravalvular leaks (PVL). METHODS: Customized digital thin film pressure transducers were sutured between aortic annulus models and 21-mm bioprosthetic valves with 15 × 4-mm, 12 × 4-mm, or 9 × 6-mm-wide pledgeted mattress sutures...
August 25, 2016: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
Muhanad M Hatamleh, Gurprit Bhamrah, Francine Ryba, Gavin Mack, Chrisopher Huppa
This patient report describes simultaneous bimaxillary orthognathic surgery and mandibular reconstruction by means of three-dimensional (3D) planning, 3D printed biocompatible surgical wafers, and 3D selective-laser sintered titanium implant. A 26-year-old male patient presented with a left mandibular defect secondary to trauma. The whole body of the mandible on the left hand side was deficient with a narrow connection with the remaining left condyle. He had undergone orthodontic treatment for 18 months and was ready to undergo bimaxillary orthognathic surgery...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Jae Hyup Lee, Chang-Bae Kong, Jae Jun Yang, Hee-Jong Shim, Ki-Hyoung Koo, Jeehyuong Kim, Choon-Ki Lee, Bong-Soon Chang
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The CaO-SiO2-P2O5-B2O3 glass ceramics spacer generates chemical bonding to adjacent bones with high mechanical stability to produce a union with the endplate and ultimately, stability. PURPOSE: The authors aimed to compare the clinical efficacy and safety of CaO-SiO2-P2O5-B2O3 glass ceramics with a titanium cage that is widely used for PLIF surgery in the clinical field. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Prospective, stratified randomized, multi-center, single-blinded, comparator-controlled non-inferiority trial PATIENT SAMPLE: This study was conducted in 4 hospitals and enrolled a total of 86 patients between 30 and 80 years of age who required one-level PLIF due to severe spinal stenosis, spondylolisthesis, or huge disc herniation...
August 3, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Elisângela Perez de Freitas, Sheila Canevese Rahal, Antonio Carlos Shimano, Jorge Vicente Lopes da Silva, Pedro Yoshito Noritomi, Alexander Oliveira El-Warrak, Alessandra Melchert
With regard to the canine mandible, a mistaken concept of application is to assume that systemic plate-bone resistance is provided by the implant so that biomechanical position could be ignored. Because the alveolar border of the mandible is a tensile zone, the plate would ideally be positioned near this area while avoiding important structures. The aim of this study was to develop 2 bridging plates for the treatment of a segmental bone defect of the canine mandible using monocortical screws to avoid damage to the tooth roots and remaining neurovascular structures...
March 2016: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
Sangwon Kim, Seungmin Lee, Jeonghun Lee, Bradley J Nelson, Li Zhang, Hongsoo Choi
Magnetically actuated ciliary microrobots were designed, fabricated, and manipulated to mimic cilia-based microorganisms such as paramecia. Full three-dimensional (3D) microrobot structures were fabricated using 3D laser lithography to form a polymer base structure. A nickel/titanium bilayer was sputtered onto the cilia part of the microrobot to ensure magnetic actuation and biocompatibility. The microrobots were manipulated by an electromagnetic coil system, which generated a stepping magnetic field to actuate the cilia with non-reciprocal motion...
2016: Scientific Reports
Mehmet Emin Kaval, Ismail Davut Capar, Hüseyin Ertas, Bilge Hakan Sen
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the cyclic fatigue resistance of F6 SkyTaper (Komet Brasseler, Lemgo, Germany), K3XF (SybronEndo, Orange, CA, USA), new generation OneShape (Micro Mega, Besancon, France) and TRUShape 3D conforming files (Dentsply Tulsa Dental Specialties, Tulsa, OK, USA). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ten instruments from each group were selected and allowed to rotate using a low-torque motor in a stainless steel block with 1...
July 26, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Eduardo Inocente Jussiani, Paulo José Dos Reis, Carlos Roberto Appoloni
X-ray microtomography is a 3D non-destructive method which, through digital images, enables a view of the internal structure of samples. Recently, researchers have been extensively performing various methods in the attempt to determine the chemical composition of materials. This paper brings further insight into this matter and proposes a new experimental method for determining the internal chemical composition of samples. Using a set of standard samples, calibration curves can be created that allow to relate the average gray scale of a sample obtained through microtomographic images to the value of ρZeff(m)...
October 2016: Micron: the International Research and Review Journal for Microscopy
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