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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722350/multidimensional-anodized-titanium-foam-photoelectrode-for-efficient-utilization-of-photons-in-mesoscopic-solar-cells
#1
Jin Soo Kang, Hyelim Choi, Jin Kim, Hyeji Park, Jae-Yup Kim, Jung-Woo Choi, Seung-Ho Yu, Kyung Jae Lee, Yun Sik Kang, Sun Ha Park, Yong-Hun Cho, Jun-Ho Yum, David C Dunand, Heeman Choe, Yung-Eun Sung
Mesoscopic solar cells based on nanostructured oxide semiconductors are considered as a promising candidates to replace conventional photovoltaics employing costly materials. However, their overall performances are below the sufficient level required for practical usages. Herein, this study proposes an anodized Ti foam (ATF) with multidimensional and hierarchical architecture as a highly efficient photoelectrode for the generation of a large photocurrent. ATF photoelectrodes prepared by electrochemical anodization of freeze-cast Ti foams have three favorable characteristics: (i) large surface area for enhanced light harvesting, (ii) 1D semiconductor structure for facilitated charge collection, and (iii) 3D highly conductive metallic current collector that enables exclusion of transparent conducting oxide substrate...
July 19, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720339/in%C3%A2-vitro-fit-of-cad-cam-complete-arch-screw-retained-titanium-and-zirconia-implant-prostheses-fabricated-on-4-implants
#2
Hadi Al-Meraikhi, Burak Yilmaz, Edwin McGlumphy, William Brantley, William M Johnston
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Computer-aided designed and computer-aided manufactured (CAD-CAM) titanium and zirconia implant-supported fixed implant prostheses on 4 implants have become popular. The precision and accuracy of their interface fit has not been widely researched. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the marginal fit of zirconia and titanium implant-supported screw-retained CAD-CAM complete fixed dental prostheses (CFDP) fit with a standardized cast simulating the all-on-4 implant distribution...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689912/influence-of-scanner-powder-application-and-adjustments-on-cad-cam-crown-misfit
#3
Marcel S Prudente, Letícia R Davi, Kemilly O Nabbout, Célio J Prado, Leandro M Pereira, Karla Zancopé, Flávio D Neves
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The manufacturers of computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) systems emphasize that new technologies can improve the marginal fit of dental crowns. However, data supporting this claim are limited. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the differences among the following fabrication methods on the marginal discrepancy of dental crowns: intraoral optical scanners, powder application, and adjustments of intaglio surface...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689135/deformation-and-fatigue-of-tough-3d-printed-elastomer-scaffolds-processed-by-fused-deposition-modeling-and-continuous-liquid-interface-production
#4
Andrew T Miller, David L Safranski, Catherine Wood, Robert E Guldberg, Ken Gall
Polyurethane (PU) based elastomers continue to gain popularity in a variety of biomedical applications as compliant implant materials. In parallel, advancements in additive manufacturing continue to provide new opportunities for biomedical applications by enabling the creation of more complex architectures for tissue scaffolding and patient specific implants. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of printed architecture on the monotonic and cyclic mechanical behavior of elastomeric PUs and to compare the structure-property relationship across two different printing approaches...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682875/the-use-of-3d-printed-titanium-mesh-tray-in-treating-complex-comminuted-mandibular-fractures-a-case-report
#5
Junli Ma, Limin Ma, Zhifa Wang, Xiongjie Zhu, Weijian Wang
RATIONALE: Precise bony reduction and reconstruction of optimal contour in treating comminuted mandibular fractures is very difficult using traditional techniques and devices. The aim of this report is to introduce our experiences in using virtual surgery and three-dimensional (3D) printing technique in treating this clinical challenge. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 26-year-old man presented with severe trauma in the maxillofacial area due to fall from height. DIAGNOSIS: Computed tomography images revealed middle face fractures and comminuted mandibular fracture including bilateral condyles...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673491/assessment-of-volumetric-distortion-artifact-in-filled-root-canals-using-different-cone-beam-computed-tomographic-devices
#6
Berkan Celikten, Reinhilde Jacobs, Karla deFaria Vasconcelos, Yan Huang, Laura Ferreira Pinheiro Nicolielo, Kaan Orhan
INTRODUCTION: Artifacts in cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) imaging may compromise radiodiagnosis. Obturation materials for endodontic treatment may present with variable material density and thus also cause distinct artifact expression. The aim of this study was to assess the volume distortion artifact of root canal sealers using CBCT devices and micro-CT imaging as a reference. METHODS: Thirty single-root mandibular central incisors were used for this study...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647748/single-level-anterior-cervical-corpectomy-and-fusion-using-a-new-3d-printed-anatomy-adaptive-titanium-mesh-cage-for-treatment-of-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy-and-ossification-of-the-posterior-longitudinal-ligament-a-retrospective-case-series-study
#7
Teng Lu, Chao Liu, Baohui Yang, Jiantao Liu, Feng Zhang, Dong Wang, Haopeng Li, Xijing He
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes of the use of a new 3D-printed anatomy-adaptive titanium mesh cage (AA-TMC) for single-level anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (ACCF) in patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) and ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). MATERIAL AND METHODS We retrospectively reviewed the records of 15 consecutive patients who underwent ACCF surgeries with AA-TMC implantation. The Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) scoring system, a visual analogue scale (VAS), the mean intervertebral height (MIBH) of the surgical segments, and the surgical segmental angle (SSA) were recorded preoperatively, immediately after surgery and at the final follow-up visit...
June 25, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645667/effect-of-different-restorative-crown-and-customized-abutment-materials-on-stress-distribution-in-single-implants-and-peripheral-bone-a-three-dimensional-finite-element-analysis-study
#8
Necati Kaleli, Duygu Sarac, Safak Külünk, Özgür Öztürk
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: In recent years, the use of resin-matrix ceramics and polyetheretherketone (PEEK) abutments has been suggested to absorb excessive stresses on dental implants. However, only a few studies have evaluated the effect of these materials on stress distribution in implants and peripheral bone structure. PURPOSE: The purpose of this finite element analysis was to evaluate the biomechanical behaviors of resin-matrix ceramics and PEEK customized abutments in terms of stress distribution in implants and peripheral bone...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630411/single-phase-3d-phononic-band-gap-material
#9
Franziska Warmuth, Maximilian Wormser, Carolin Körner
Phononic band gap materials are capable of prohibiting the propagation of mechanical waves in certain frequency ranges. Band gaps are produced by combining different phases with different properties within one material. In this paper, we present a novel cellular material consisting of only one phase with a phononic band gap. Different phases are modelled by lattice structure design based on eigenmode analysis. Test samples are built from a titanium alloy using selective electron beam melting. For the first time, the predicted phononic band gaps via FEM simulation are experimentally verified...
June 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629601/a-custom-made-temporomandibular-joint-prosthesis-for-fabrication-by-selective-laser-melting-finite-element-analysis
#10
Xiangliang Xu, Danmei Luo, Chuanbin Guo, Qiguo Rong
A novel and custom-made selective laser melting (SLM) 3D-printed alloplastic temporomandibular joint (TMJ) prosthesis is proposed. The titanium-6aluminium-4vanadium (Ti-6Al-4V) condyle component and ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) fossa component comprised the total alloplastic TMJ replacement prosthesis. For the condyle component, an optimized tetrahedral open-porous scaffold with combined connection structures, i.e. an inlay rod and an onlay plate, between the prosthesis and remaining mandible was designed...
June 16, 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613056/-a-preliminary-study-on-the-forming-quality-of-titanium-alloy-removable-partial-denture-frameworks-fabricated-by-selective-laser-melting
#11
Y F Liu, H Yu, W N Wang, B Gao
Objective: To evaluate the processing accuracy, internal quality and suitability of the titanium alloy frameworks of removable partial denture (RPD) fabricated by selective laser melting (SLM) technique, and to provide reference for clinical application. Methods: The plaster model of one clinical patient was used as the working model, and was scanned and reconstructed into a digital working model. A RPD framework was designed on it. Then, eight corresponding RPD frameworks were fabricated using SLM technique...
June 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587402/establishment-and-evaluation-of-a-reversible-two-kidney-one-clip-renovascular-hypertensive-rat-model
#12
Li-Qiang Li, Jian Zhang, Rong Wang, Jian-Xin Li, Yong-Quan Gu
The aim of the present study was to establish and evaluate a novel and reversible two-kidney, one-clip renovascular hypertensive rat model with a titanium vascular clip. A total of 40 male Sprague-Dawley rats were evenly and randomly divided into a sham-operated group, and 3, 7, 12 and 28D groups (namely removing the vascular clip in the renovascular hypertensive model after 3, 7, 12 and 28 days, respectively). The systolic blood pressure (SBP) and plasma renin activity (PRA) were measured, and color duplex imaging was conducted before placing the clips, as well as before and after removing them...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584234/stiff-light-strong-and-ductile-nano-structured-high-modulus-steel
#13
H Springer, C Baron, A Szczepaniak, V Uhlenwinkel, D Raabe
Structural material development for lightweight applications aims at improving the key parameters strength, stiffness and ductility at low density, but these properties are typically mutually exclusive. Here we present how we overcome this trade-off with a new class of nano-structured steel - TiB2 composites synthesised in-situ via bulk metallurgical spray-forming. Owing to the nano-sized dispersion of the TiB2 particles of extreme stiffness and low density - obtained by the in-situ formation with rapid solidification kinetics - the new material has the mechanical performance of advanced high strength steels, and a 25% higher stiffness/density ratio than any of the currently used high strength steels, aluminium, magnesium and titanium alloys...
June 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581710/biotransformation-of-silver-released-from-nanoparticle-coated-titanium-implants-revealed-in-regenerating-bone
#14
Hua Geng, Gowsihan Poologasundarampillai, Naomi Todd, Aine Devlin-Mullin, Katie L Moore, Zahra Golrokhi, James B Gilchrist, Eric Jones, Richard J Potter, Chris Sutcliffe, Marie O'Brien, David W L Hukins, Sarah Cartmell, Christopher A Mitchell, Peter D Lee
Antimicrobial silver nanoparticle coatings have attracted interest for reducing prosthetic joint infection. However, few studies report in vivo investigations of the biotransformation of silver nanoparticles within the regenerating tissue and its impact on bone formation. We present a longitudinal investigation of the osseointegration of silver nanoparticle-coated additive manufactured titanium implants in rat tibial defects. Correlative imaging at different time points using nanoscale secondary ion mass spectrometry, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), histomorphometry, and 3D X-ray microcomputed tomography provided quantitative insight from the nano- to macroscales...
June 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578109/reconstruction-of-thoracic-spine-using-a-personalized-3d-printed-vertebral-body-in-adolescent-with-t9-primary-bone-tumor
#15
Wen Jie Choy, Ralph J Mobbs, Ben Wilcox, Steven Phan, Kevin Phan, Chester E Sutterlin
BACKGROUND: Neurosurgery and spine surgery have the potential to benefit from the use of 3-dimensional printing (3DP) technology due to complex anatomic considerations and the delicate nature of surrounding structures. We report a procedure that uses a 3D-printed titanium T9 vertebral body implant post T9 vertebrectomy for a primary bone tumor. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 14-year-old female presented with progressive kyphoscoliosis and a pathologic fracture of the T9 vertebra with sagittal and coronal deformity due to a destructive primary bone tumor...
May 31, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576006/the-role-of-welding-techniques-in-the-biomechanical-behavior-of-implant-supported-prostheses
#16
Sabrina Alessandra Rodrigues, Anna Gabriella Camacho Presotto, Valentim Adelino Ricardo Barão, Rafael Leonardo Xediek Consani, Mauro Antônio Arruda Nóbilo, Marcelo Ferraz Mesquita
This in vitro study investigated the role of welding techniques of implant-supported prostheses in the 2D and 3D marginal misfits of prosthetic frameworks, strain induced on the mini abutment, and detorque of prosthetic screws. The correlations between the analyzed variables were also investigated. Frameworks were cast in commercially pure titanium (cp-Ti). A marginal misfit of 200μm was simulated in the working models (control group) (n=20). The 2D marginal misfit was analyzed according to the single-screw test protocol using a precision optical microscope...
September 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552926/modelling-and-structural-analysis-of-skull-cranial-implant-beyond-mid-line-deformities
#17
V Phanindra Bogu, Y Ravi Kumar, Asit Kumar Khanara
PURPOSE: This computational study explores modelling and finite element study of the implant under Intracranial pressure (ICP) conditions with normal ICP range (7 mm Hg to 15 mm Hg) or increased ICP (>I5 mm Hg). The implant fixation points allow implant behaviour with respect to intracranial pressure conditions. However, increased fixation points lead to variation in deformation and equivalent stress. Finite element analysis is providing a valuable insight to know the deformation and equivalent stress...
2017: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552440/a-new-approach-of-splint-less-orthognathic-surgery-using-a-personalized-orthognathic-surgical-guide-system-a-preliminary-study
#18
B Li, S Shen, W Jiang, J Li, T Jiang, J J Xia, S G Shen, X Wang
The purpose of this study was to evaluate a personalized orthognathic surgical guide (POSG) system for bimaxillary surgery without the use of surgical splint. Ten patients with dentofacial deformities were enrolled. Surgeries were planned with the computer-aided surgical simulation method. The POSG system was designed for both maxillary and mandibular surgery. Each consisted of cutting guides and three-dimensionally (3D) printed custom titanium plates to guide the osteotomy and repositioning the bony segments without the use of the surgical splints...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548998/zygomaticomaxillary-complex-fractures-diagnosis-and-treatment
#19
Nicholas Peretti, Stephen MacLeod
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an overview of zygomaticomaxillary complex (ZMC) fractures and their treatment. Aspects of anatomy, diagnosis, and treatment objectives of these common fractures will be reviewed including recent literature. RECENT FINDINGS: Advances in technology such as guided surgery have allowed for better outcomes and a reduction in surgeon variability with regard to postoperative results. The use of titanium and bioresorbable mini screws and plates have expanded the ability to achieve stable and predictable results...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530387/three-dimensional-dendritic-structures-of-nicomo-as-efficient-electrocatalysts-for-the-hydrogen-evolution-reaction
#20
Di Gao, Jiangna Guo, Xun Cui, Lin Yang, Yang Yang, Huichao He, Peng Xiao, Yunhuai Zhang
First-row (3d) transition-metal catalysts, such as bimetallic Ni-Co, represent an emerging class of electrocatalysts for HER, but they usually suffer from a large overpotential significantly above thermodynamic demands. Here, we doped NiCo catalyst with non3d metals molybdenum (Mo) for improvement in catalyzing the hydrogen evolution reaction. The ternary catalyst was readily obtained by a one-pot process via the sequential electrodeposition of Ni, Co, and Mo precursors on titanium (Ti) support. By tailing the deposition conditions, we fabricated NiCoMo catalysts with three-dimensional dendritic structures, exhibiting large amounts of electrochemically active sites...
July 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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