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Young adult breast cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410498/knockdown-of-spry4-and-spry4-it1-inhibits-cell-growth-and-phosphorylation-of-akt-in-human-testicular-germ-cell-tumours
#1
Mrinal K Das, Kari Furu, Herman F Evensen, Øyvind P Haugen, Trine B Haugen
Testicular germ cell tumour (TGCT) is the most common cancer in young men in large parts of the world, but the aetiology is mainly unknown. Genome-wide association studies have so far identified about 50 susceptibility loci associated with TGCT, including SPRY4. SPRY4 has shown tumour suppressor activity in several cancer cells, such as lung and prostate, while it was found to act as an oncogene in ovarian cancer. An intronic region within the SPRY4 gene produces a long non-coding RNA, SPRY4-IT1, which has been reported to act as an oncogene in melanoma, breast cancer, and colorectal cancer, and as a tumour suppressor in lung cancer...
February 6, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404301/adolescents-and-young-adults-a-study-of-distribution-of-cancer-at-ages-15-39-years-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-from-north-india-epidemiological-considerations
#2
Neha Kakkar, Ajay Gupta, Neeraj Kumar Sharma, Prachi Agarwal, Jaspreet Kaur
Purpose: This study aimed to analyze cancer pattern among adolescents and young adults (AYA) in a tertiary care center in North India. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study from January 2011 to December 2014 was undertaken on AYA cancer patients (aged 15-39 years). Results: Totally 1077 cases of AYA cancers were identified for analyzing the frequency and pattern of cancer distribution. The most common cancer was head and neck (32%) followed by breast (14...
October 2017: South Asian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346353/the-burden-of-cancer-in-25-29-year-olds-in-new-zealand-a-case-for-a-wider-adolescent-and-young-adult-age-range
#3
Kirsten R Ballantine, Victoria Utley, Heidi Watson, Michael J Sullivan, Ruth Spearing
AIMS: New Zealand currently defines the adolescent and young adult (AYA) group for cancer services as young people 12-24 years of age, while other countries favour a designation of 15-29 years. This study was undertaken to compare cancer incidence and survival among 25-29 year olds to New Zealand's younger AYA population and to assess survival for our 15-29 year population against international benchmarks. METHODS: Diagnostic and demographic information for cancer registrations between 2000 and 2009 for 25-29 year olds was obtained from the New Zealand Cancer Registry...
January 19, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273649/epidemiology-of-cancers-in-lahore-pakistan-among-children-adolescents-and-adults-2010-2012-a-cross-sectional-study-part-2
#4
Farhana Badar, Shahid Mahmood
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the cancer incidence by age group for the Lahore district population within the Punjab Cancer Registry (PCR), Pakistan. The average annual population of Lahore was 9.8 million in 2010-2012. This is a sequel to a study published earlier. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: The registry has 19 centres in Lahore reporting their data to the coordinating office located within the Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Center (SKMCH&RC), Lahore, Pakistan...
December 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227197/moderating-factors-in-tissue-tonometry-and-bioimpedance-spectroscopy-measures-in-the-lower-extremity-of-healthy-young-people-in-australia-and-myanmar
#5
Janet Douglass, Patricia Graves, Susan Gordon
BACKGROUND: Expected values for tissue tonometry and bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) in the lower extremity of young people have not been established. These measures are commonly used to assess tissue changes in adult, breast cancer-related lymphedema of the arm. In tropical regions, identification of tissue changes in the lower limbs related to lymphatic filariasis is required; hence expected values and factors contributing to variation in tissue tonometry and BIS in two tropical populations were investigated...
December 11, 2017: Lymphatic Research and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205296/impact-of-latency-time-on-survival-for-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-a-second-primary-malignancy
#6
Melanie Goldfarb, Aaron S Rosenberg, Qian Li, Theresa H M Keegan
BACKGROUND: The adverse impact of second primary malignancies (SPMs) on survival is substantial for adolescents and young adults (AYAs; ie, those 15-39 years old). No studies have evaluated whether the latency time between the first malignancy (the primary malignancy [PM]) and the SPM affects cancer-specific survival (CSS). METHODS: A multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression with Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results data for 13 regions from 1992 to 2008 was used to ascertain whether the latency time (1-5 vs ≥ 6 years) to the development of an SPM affected the CSS and overall survival with respect to either the PM or SPM for AYAs with common SPMs...
December 4, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194591/a-mutational-comparison-of-adult-and-adolescent-and-young-adult-aya-colon-cancer
#7
James V Tricoli, Lisa A Boardman, Rajesh Patidar, Sivasish Sindiri, Jin S Jang, William D Walsh, Paul M McGregor, Corinne E Camalier, Michele G Mehaffey, Wayne L Furman, Armita Bahrami, P Mickey Williams, Chih-Jian Lih, Barbara A Conley, Javed Khan
BACKGROUND: It is possible that the relative lack of progress in treatment outcomes among adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients with cancer is caused by a difference in disease biology compared with the corresponding diseases in younger and older individuals. There is evidence that colon cancer is more aggressive and has a poorer prognosis in AYA patients than in older adult patients. METHODS: To further understand the molecular basis for this difference, whole-exome sequencing was conducted on a cohort of 30 adult, 30 AYA, and 2 pediatric colon cancers...
November 30, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124494/information-and-support-needs-of-young-women-regarding-breast-cancer-risk-and-genetic-testing-adapting-effective-interventions-for-a-novel-population
#8
Suzanne C O'Neill, Chalanda Evans, Rebekah J Hamilton, Beth N Peshkin, Claudine Isaacs, Sue Friedman, Kenneth P Tercyak
Young women from hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) families face a unique set of challenges in managing their HBOC risk, where obtaining essential information to inform decision making is key. Previous work suggests that this need for specific health information also comes at a time of heightened distress and greater individuation from family. In this report, we describe our adaptation of a previously-studied behavioral intervention for this population, utilizing a systematic approach outlined by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention...
November 9, 2017: Familial Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111259/cancer-incidence-and-mortality-among-young-adults-aged-20-39-years-worldwide-in-2012-a-population-based-study
#9
Miranda M Fidler, Sumit Gupta, Isabelle Soerjomataram, Jacques Ferlay, Eva Steliarova-Foucher, Freddie Bray
BACKGROUND: To date, the burden of cancer among young adults has rarely been studied in depth. Our aim was to describe the scale and profile of cancer incidence and mortality worldwide among 20-39 year-olds, highlighting major patterns by age, sex, development level, and geographical region. METHODS: We did a population-based study to quantify the burden of young adult cancers worldwide. We defined young adult cancers as those occurring between the ages of 20 and 39 years because these individuals will have passed puberty and adolescence, but not yet experienced the effects of hormonal decline, immune response deterioration, or organ dysfunction associated with chronic health conditions...
October 27, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082436/adolescent-young-adults-aya-with-cancer-seeking-integrative-oncology-consultations-demographics-characteristics-and-self-reported-outcomes
#10
Gabriel Lopez, Wenli Liu, Kevin Madden, Bryan Fellman, Yisheng Li, Eduardo Bruera
PURPOSE: Integrative Oncology (IO) consultations offer cancer patients counseling regarding complementary integrative medicine (CIM). We explored the CIM interests and symptom burden of AYA cancer patients presenting for an IO consultation. METHODS: Patients referred for an IO physician consultation at an academic medical center from September 1, 2009 to December 31, 2013 completed an assessment on presentation: MYCaW, ESAS (10 symptoms, 0-10, 10 worst possible), CIM use survey, and SF-12 QOL survey...
October 29, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078121/cancer-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-national-incidence-and-characteristics-in-japan
#11
Izumi Inoue, Fumiaki Nakamura, Kimikazu Matsumoto, Tetsuya Takimoto, Takahiro Higashi
OBJECTIVE: Adolescents and young adults (AYA) with cancer are confronted with unique challenges in areas of paramount concern within their age group, such as fertility, education, career, and delayed and long-term effects of treatment. However, the extent and depth of the problem has never been examined in the Japanese population. The aim of this study was to describe the status of cancer patients in the AYA population, using data from the hospital-based cancer registry (HBCR). STUDY DESIGN: Patients included in the HBCR from January 2011 to December 2014 were included in this study to evaluate the incidence and cancer distribution trends among AYA...
October 24, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992857/anxiety-and-depression-in-cancer-survivors
#12
REVIEW
Jean C Yi, Karen L Syrjala
Most cancer survivors adjust well to life after cancer but some experience persisting negative mood, such as cancer-related fears, posttraumatic stress, anxiety, or depression. Mood fluctuations may not reach criteria for a clinical diagnosis but subclinical symptoms can interfere with quality of life. Women, adolescents, and young adults are particularly at risk for mood disturbances. Behavioral interventions, such as cognitive behavioral therapy and pharmacologic treatments, can effectively treat these distressing emotions...
November 2017: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967089/a-reflection-on-the-work-of-gianni-bonadonna-from-the-viewpoint-of-the-global-challenge-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer
#13
Ronald D Barr, W Archie Bleyer
Adolescents and young adults (AYAs - ages 15 to 39) constitute approximately 40% of the world's population and contribute an estimated one million new cases of cancer annually, the great majority in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). In high-income countries (HICs) cancer is the commonest cause of disease-related death in AYAs, though overall 5-year survival rates now exceed 80%. A very different circumstance likely holds in LMICs, but accurate assessments are not readily available.Breast cancer accounts for 40% of tumours in female AYAs and this age group includes the peak incidence of Hodgkin lymphoma...
September 27, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964928/evaluation-of-estrogenic-potency-of-a-standardized-hops-extract-on-mammary-gland-biology-and-on-mnu-induced-mammary-tumor-growth-in-rats
#14
Annekathrin M Keiler, Dana Macejova, Birgit M Dietz, Judy L Bolton, Guido F Pauli, Shao-Nong Chen, Richard B van Breemen, Dejan Nikolic, Florian Goerl, Michael H Muders, Oliver Zierau, Günter Vollmer
Supplements with estrogenic activities are intensively investigated as potential alternatives for the treatment of menopausal symptoms. These investigations include studies on their safety regarding potential breast cancer risks. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess whether or not a standardized hops (Humulus lupulus) extract, containing 0.42% of the estrogenic flavanone, 8-prenylnaringenin, would stimulate growth of methyl-nitrosourea (MNU) induced mammary cancer in ovariectomized (OVX) Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats or would impact on the proliferative activity within the normal mammary gland of Wistar rats...
November 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932647/immunotherapy-with-listeria-reduces-metastatic-breast-cancer-in-young-and-old-mice-through-different-mechanisms
#15
Arthee Jahangir, Dinesh Chandra, Wilber Quispe-Tintaya, Manisha Singh, Benson Chellakkan Selvanesan, Claudia Gravekamp
Cancer immunotherapy is one of the most promising and benign therapies against metastatic cancer. However, most cancer patients are old and elderly react less efficient to cancer vaccines than young adults, due to T cell unresponsiveness. Here we present data of cancer vaccination in young and old mice with metastatic breast cancer (4T1 model). We tested adaptive and innate immune responses to foreign antigens (Listeria-derived) and self-antigens (tumor-associated antigens (TAA)) and their contribution to elimination of metastases at young and old age...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845050/preservation-of-fertility-or-ovarian-function-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-or-gynecologic-and-internal-malignancies
#16
Angrit Stachs, Steffi Hartmann, Bernd Gerber
Because of the efficacy of systemic therapies, neoplasias which occur in pediatric and adolescent patients and in young adults have high cure rates. This means that fulfilling their wish to have children has become a more pressing concern, particularly among young women with malignant tumors. Premature ovarian failure is also a not insignificant problem as it has a lasting detrimental effect on quality of life. Every oncology patient who may potentially wish to have children should be informed about their options for preserving fertility prior to starting treatment...
August 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818247/alcohol-screening-and-brief-intervention-a-potential-role-in-cancer-prevention-for-young-adults
#17
Lela R McKnight-Eily, S Jane Henley, Patricia P Green, Erika C Odom, Daniel W Hungerford
Excessive or risky alcohol use is a preventable cause of significant morbidity and mortality in the U.S. and worldwide. Alcohol use is a common preventable cancer risk factor among young adults; it is associated with increased risk of developing at least six types of cancer. Alcohol consumed during early adulthood may pose a higher risk of female breast cancer than alcohol consumed later in life. Reducing alcohol use may help prevent cancer. Alcohol misuse screening and brief counseling or intervention (also called alcohol screening and brief intervention among other designations) is known to reduce excessive alcohol use, and the U...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760782/cdk4-6-inhibition-on-glucose-and-pancreatic-beta-cell-homeostasis-in-young-and-aged-rats
#18
Aida I Sacaan, Stephane Thibault, Miyoun Hong, Nagesha G Kondegowda, Tim Nichols, Rosemary Li, Carolina Rosselot, Winston Evering, Rafael Fenutria, Allison Vitsky, Thomas Brown, Martin Finkelstein, Adolfo Garcia-Ocaña, Nasir Khan, Andrew F Stewart, Rupangi C Vasavada
Genetic deletion of cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (Cdk4) is associated with pancreatic beta cell loss and glucose dysregulation in rodents. Palbociclib, one of the first selective CDK4/6 inhibitors approved for the treatment of advanced breast cancer, is currently being investigated as an adjuvant treatment in patients with early-stage breast cancer and in a variety of cancers covering a wide-range of patient populations. Hence, longer chronic toxicity studies were necessary to further examine its safety profile...
November 2017: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733130/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-on-the-effects-of-a-progressive-exercise-program-on-the-range-of-motion-and-upper-extremity-grip-strength-in-young-adults-with-breast-cancer
#19
Marize Ibrahim, Thierry Muanza, Nadia Smirnow, Warren Sateren, Beatrice Fournier, Petr Kavan, Michael Palumbo, Richard Dalfen, Mary-Ann Dalzell
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of breast cancer in young women (aged 18-45 years) has been increasing. Women are commonly left coping with treatment-related disabilities of the upper limb that can persist for > 2 years postoperatively. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 59 young breast cancer patients (29 in the intervention group and 30 in the control group) participated in a pilot prospective randomized controlled trial to determine whether a 12-week postradiation exercise program would improve long-term arm mobility, pain, and handgrip strength...
June 24, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721554/feasibility-of-a-self-help-web-based-intervention-targeting-young-cancer-patients-with-sexual-problems-and-fertility-distress
#20
Maria Wiklander, Johanna Strandquist, Claire Micaux Obol, Lars E Eriksson, Jeanette Winterling, Kenny A Rodriguez-Wallberg, Kerstin Sjögren Fugl-Meyer, Johan Ahlgren, Per Ljungman, Claudia Lampic, Lena Wettergren
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to evaluate the feasibility of a self-help web-based intervention to alleviate sexual problems and fertility distress in adolescents and young adults with cancer. METHODS: Twenty-three persons with cancer (19 women and 4 men, age 18-43, 1-5 years post-diagnosis of lymphoma, breast, gynecologic, central nervous system, or testicular cancer) were recruited to test a 2-month web-based program targeting sexual problems or fertility distress...
December 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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