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3D prosthetic

David Hasler, Dominik Obrist
The flow field past a prosthetic aortic valve comprises many details that indicate whether the prosthesis is functioning well or not. It is, however, not yet fully understood how an optimal flow scenario would look, i.e. which subtleties of the fluid dynamics in place are essential regarding the durability and compatibility of a prosthetic valve. In this study, we measured and analyzed the 3D flow field in the vicinity of a bio-prosthetic heart valve in function of the aortic root size. The measurements were conducted within aortic root phantoms of different size, mounted in a custom-built hydraulic setup, which mimicked physiological flow conditions in the aorta...
2018: PloS One
Carolyn Kincade, Lindsay McHutchion, Johan Wolfaardt
The present report describes the digital design of patient-specific milled abutments for the retention of osseointegrated facial prostheses by using digital technology. Patient imaging including surface scans of the patient's head, scans of the patient's definitive cast, and digitally designed prosthesis prototypes were combined to create a digital simulation of the patient. Using this simulation, patient-specific abutments were digitally designed, printed in 3-dimensions (3D), and finally copy-milled in titanium...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Pedro Martinez-Seijas, Luis A Díaz-Galvis, Josué Hernando, Ignacio O Leizaola-Cardesa, Antonio Aguilar-Salvatierra, Gerardo Gómez-Moreno
BACKGROUND: Over the years, many materials have been used in orbital reconstruction and cranioplasty. Among the materials in current use, polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) offers a high degree of compatibility with human tissue. OBJECTIVE: This work describes a new, custom-made, 3D printing-aided, prosthetic fabrication process for orbital and/or cranial reconstruction using PMMA. METHODS: On the basis of information obtained from computerized tomography scanning processed in Digital Imaging and Communication in Medicine format and exported to treatment planning software, a 3D prosthesis master model was designed and digitally printed...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Boris Sowa, Martin Bochenek, Steffen Braun, Felix Zeifang, Jan Philippe Kretzer, Thomas Bruckner, Gilles Walch, Patric Raiss
BACKGROUND: Glenoid replacement in cases of severe glenoid retroversion (RV) or eccentric wear is challenging. The aim of this study was to evaluate different treatment methods under standardized conditions to assist surgeons in the decision-making process. METHODS: Three treatment options for severe glenoid RV (15°) were compared: (1) no RV correction; (2) complete RV correction; (3) no RV correction and implantation of a posterior augmented glenoid (PAG). A highly standardized implantation protocol using artificial glenoid bones (five per group) was chosen, and a physiologic shoulder movement was applied in a biomechanical setting...
March 7, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Minxun Lu, Yongjiang Li, Yi Luo, Wenli Zhang, Yong Zhou, Chongqi Tu
BACKGROUND: Currently, it is challenging to treat massive bone defects of proximal tibia. Although numerous methods are available for reconstruction with epiphysis preservation, limitations in knee function and complications are noted with these methods. Our paper describes our attempt to reconstruct a marked defect in the proximal tibia with an uncemented three-dimensional (3D)-printed prosthesis and to evaluate the prosthesis design and short-term outcomes. CASE PRESENTATION: A 15-year-old boy with metaphyseal osteosarcoma of the tibia underwent intercalary allograft reconstruction following wide tumour resection with epiphysis preservation...
March 6, 2018: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Markus Bongert, Marius Geller, Werner Pennekamp, Volkmar Nicolas
Diseases of the cardiovascular system account for nearly 42% of all deaths in the European Union. In Germany, approximately 12,000 patients receive surgical replacement of the aortic valve due to heart valve disease alone each year. A three-dimensional (3D) numerical model based on patient-specific anatomy derived from four-dimensional (4D) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data was developed to investigate preoperatively the flow-induced impact of mounting positions of aortic prosthetic valves to select the best orientation for individual patients...
March 3, 2018: Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical Engineering
Aladdin Al-Ardah, Nasser Alqahtani, Abdulaziz AlHelal, Brian Goodacre, Rajesh Swamidass, Antoanela Garbacea, Jaime Lozada
This technique describes a novel approach for planning and augmenting a large bony defect using a titanium mesh (TiMe). A 3-dimensional (3D) surgical model was virtually created from a cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and wax-pattern of the final prosthetic outcome. The required bone volume (horizontally and vertically) was digitally augmented and then 3D printed to create a bone model. The 3D model was then used to contour the TiMe in accordance with the digital augmentation. With the contoured / preformed TiMe on the 3D printed model a positioning jig was made to aid the placement of the TiMe as planned during surgery...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Oral Implantology
Burak Yilmaz, Ediz Kale, William M Johnston
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) high-density polymers (HDPs) have recently been marketed for the fabrication of long-term interim implant-supported fixed prostheses. However, information regarding the precision of fit of CAD-CAM HDP implant-supported complete-arch screw-retained prostheses is scarce. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the marginal discrepancy of CAD-CAM HDP complete-arch implant-supported screw-retained fixed prosthesis frameworks and compare them with conventional titanium (Ti) and zirconia (Zir) frameworks...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Max J H Witjes, Rutger H Schepers, Joep Kraeima
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review describes the advances in 3D virtual planning for mandibular and maxillary reconstruction surgical defects with full prosthetic rehabilitation. The primary purpose is to provide an overview of various techniques that apply 3D technology safely in primary and secondary reconstructive cases of patients suffering from head and neck cancer. RECENT FINDINGS: Methods have been developed to overcome the problem of control over the margin during surgery while the crucial decision with regard to resection margin and planning of osteotomies were predetermined by virtual planning...
February 20, 2018: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
Minxun Lu, Li Min, Cong Xiao, Yongjiang Li, Yi Luo, Yong Zhou, Wenli Zhang, Chongqi Tu
Introduction: Currently, it is challenging to treat giant cell tumor (GCT) of distal radius. For Campanacci grade III or recurrent GCTs, en bloc resection has been accepted as a better treatment option. Although numerous methods are available for reconstruction, all of them have some limitations in joint function and complications. In this study, our aims were to treat the GCT of distal radius with uncemented three-dimensional (3D)-printed prosthesis and to present and evaluate the surgical techniques and short-term outcomes...
2018: Cancer Management and Research
Burak Yilmaz, Faris A Alshahrani, Ediz Kale, William M Johnston
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Veneering with porcelain may adversely affect the marginal fit of long-span computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) implant-supported fixed prostheses. Moreover, data regarding the precision of fit of CAD-CAM-fabricated implant-supported complete zirconia fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) before and after porcelain layering are limited. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of porcelain layering on the marginal fit of CAD-CAM-fabricated complete-arch implant-supported, screw-retained FDPs with presintered zirconia frameworks compared with titanium...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Stefano Stella, Leonardo Italia, Giulia Geremia, Isabella Rosa, Francesco Ancona, Claudia Marini, Cristina Capogrosso, Manuela Giglio, Matteo Montorfano, Azeem Latib, Alberto Margonato, Antonio Colombo, Eustachio Agricola
Aims: A 3D transoesophageal echocardiography (3D-TOE) reconstruction tool has recently been introduced. The system automatically configures a geometric model of the aortic root and performs quantitative analysis of these structures. We compared the measurements of the aortic annulus (AA) obtained by semi-automated 3D-TOE quantitative software and manual analysis vs. multislice computed tomography (MSCT) ones. Methods and results: One hundred and seventy-five patients (mean age 81...
February 6, 2018: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Brian S Baum, Hiroaki Hobara, Kyung Koh, Hyun Joon Kwon, Ross H Miller, Jae Kun Shim
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate 3D lower extremity joint moment differences between limbs and speed influences on these differences in individuals with lower extremity amputations using running-specific prostheses. DESIGN: 8 individuals with unilateral transtibial amputations and 8 control subjects with no amputations ran overground at three constant velocities (2.5, 3.0, and 3.5 m/s). A 2x2x3 (group x leg x speed) repeated-measures ANOVA with Bonferroni adjustments determined statistical significance...
February 5, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Marc Colaco, Daniel A Igel, Anthony Atala
3D printing is an evolving technology that enables the creation of unique organic and inorganic structures with high precision. In urology, the technology has demonstrated potential uses in both patient and clinician education as well as in clinical practice. The four major techniques used for 3D printing are inkjet printing, extrusion printing, laser sintering, and stereolithography. Each of these techniques can be applied to the production of models for education and surgical planning, prosthetic construction, and tissue bioengineering...
February 6, 2018: Nature Reviews. Urology
Ton Tran, Bernard K Chen, Xinhua Wu, Chung Lun Pun
BACKGROUND: Repair of peri-prosthetic proximal tibia fractures is very challenging in patients with a total knee replacement or arthroplasty. The tibial component of the knee implant severely restricts the fixation points of the tibial implant to repair peri-prosthetic fractures. A novel implant has been designed with an extended flange over the anterior of tibial condyle to provide additional points of fixation, overcoming limitations of existing generic locking plates used for proximal tibia fractures...
February 2, 2018: Injury
Faris Z Jamjoom, Do-Gyoon Kim, Damian J Lee, Edwin A McGlumphy, Burak Yilmaz
BACKGROUND: Effects of length and location of the edentulous area on the accuracy of prosthetic treatment plan incorporation into cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans has not been investigated. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of length and location of the edentulous area on the accuracy of prosthetic treatment plan incorporation into CBCT scans using different methods. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Direct digital scans of a completely dentate master model with removable radiopaque teeth were made using an intraoral scanner, and digital scans of stone duplicates of the master model were made using a laboratory scanner...
February 5, 2018: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
Guisheng Xu, Liang Gao, Ke Tao, Shengxiang Wan, Yuning Lin, Ao Xiong, Bin Kang, Hui Zeng
RATIONALE: For traumatic upper limb amputees, the prohibitive cost of a custom-made prosthesis brings an insufferable financial burden for their families in developing countries. Three-dimensional (3D) printing allows for creating affordable, lightweight, customized, and well-fitting prosthesis, especially for the growing children. PATIENT CONCERNS: We presented a case of an 8-year-old boy, who suffered a traumatic right wrist amputation as result of a mincing machine accident...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Olivier Villemain, Justine Robin, Alain Bel, Wojciech Kwiecinski, Patrick Bruneval, Bastien Arnal, Mathieu Rémond, Mickael Tanter, Emmanuel Messas, Mathieu Pernot
Background: The majority of prosthetic heart valves currently implanted are tissue valves that can be expected to calcify with time and eventually fail. Surgical or percutaneous redux valve replacement is associated with higher rate of complications. We propose a novel non-invasive therapeutic approach based on the use of pulsed cavitational ultrasound (PCU) to improve the valvular function of degenerative calcified bioprosthesis. Objectives: Our study aims to demonstrate in vitro and in vivo on an ovine model that PCU can significantly improve the bioprosthesis opening by softening remotely the calcified stiff cusps...
August 2017: JACC. Basic to Translational Science
Lars Weidenhielm, Henrik Olivecrona, Gerald Q Maguire, Marilyn E Noz
This case report follows a woman who had a total hip replacement in 1992 when she was 45 years old. Six serial computed tomography (CT) examinations over a period of 13 years provided information that allowed her revision surgery to be limited to liner replacement as opposed to replacement of the entire prosthesis. Additionally, they provided data that ruled out the presence of osteolysis and indeed none was found at surgery. In 2004, when the first CT was performed, the 3D distance the femoral head had penetrated into the cup was determined to be 2...
January 23, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
T Srinivasa Prasad, Govindarajan Sujatha, Jayanandan Muruganandhan, Shankargouda Patil, A Thirumal Raj
Three-dimensional (3D) printing involves the process of constructing a 3D solid object from a digital file. Charles Hull was the first to introduce 3D printer in 1983 by using the technique of stereolithography.1 Since the 1990s 3D printing has gained attention in the field of medicine where more precision is required and has largely replaced the traditional technique in prosthetic works.2,3.
January 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
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