keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cied infection

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428137/management-of-device-infections
#1
REVIEW
Khalid Aljabri, Ann Garlitski, Jonathan Weinstock, Christopher Madias
The rate of cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) infection has increased disproportionately to the rate of implantation. Expanded indications for CIED implantation combined with a sicker patient population contribute to this increased rate. Device-related infections are most commonly due to perioperative contamination, and infection risk increases in conjunction with procedural complexity. Early pocket re-exploration and upgrade procedures confer a higher infectious risk. Confirmed CIED infection requires prompt removal of the CIED system combined with antimicrobial therapy...
March 2018: Cardiac Electrophysiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428134/lead-management-and-lead-extraction
#2
REVIEW
Charles J Love
Management of patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) has become complex given the complications that can occur with implanted lead systems. Clinical problems such as infection, lead failure, and occluded vessels create situations that demand intervention to remove leads. Due to adhesions that occur in the venous system and at the endomyocardial attachment site, simple traction to remove a lead is often not sufficient. Infection is a mandatory reason to remove the entire CIED system. Tools and techniques are now available that enable a skilled operator to extract leads with a great deal of efficacy and safety...
March 2018: Cardiac Electrophysiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419605/ceftaroline-for-suspected-or-confirmed-invasive-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-a-pharmacokinetic-case-series
#3
Jeffrey J Cies, Wayne S Moore, Adela Enache, Arun Chopra
OBJECTIVES: To describe the ceftaroline pharmacokinetics in critically ill children treated for suspected or confirmed methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections, including blood stream infection and describe the microbiological and clinical outcomes. DESIGN: Retrospective electronic medical record review. SETTINGS: Free-standing tertiary/quaternary pediatric children's hospital. PATIENTS: Critically ill children receiving ceftaroline monotherapy or combination therapy for suspected or confirmed methicillin-resistant S...
February 6, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411401/treatment-patterns-costs-and-mortality-among-medicare-beneficiaries-with-cied-infection
#4
Arnold J Greenspon, Elizabeth L Eby, Allison A Petrilla, M Rizwan Sohail
BACKGROUND: Cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) infection is a serious adverse event, but there are limited contemporary real-world data on treatment pathways and associated costs in the Medicare population following diagnosis of CIED infection. Hence, this study evaluates post-infection treatment pathways and associated healthcare expenditures and mortality among Medicare fee-for service (FFS) beneficiaries with CIED infection. METHODS: Retrospective cohort analysis of 5,401 beneficiaries who developed a device-related infection in the year following implantation/upgraded CIED (1/1/2010-12/31/2012)...
February 6, 2018: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378721/risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-endocarditis-due-to-non-hacek-gram-negative-bacilli-data-from-the-prospective-multicenter-sei-cohort
#5
Marco Falcone, Giusy Tiseo, Emanuele Durante-Mangoni, Veronica Ravasio, Francesco Barbaro, Maria Paola Ursi, Maria Bruna Pasticci, Matteo Bassetti, Paolo Grossi, Mario Venditti, Marco Rizzi
Objective: To investigate predisposing factors and outcomes of non-HACEK Gram-negative bacilli (GNB) infective endocarditis (IE) in a multicenter, contemporary cohort.Patients and Methods: Patients with IE due to GNB prospectively observed in 26 Italian centers from 2004 to 2011 were analyzed. Using a case-control design, each case was compared to three controls with IE by other etiologies matched for age and sex. Logistic regression was performed to identify risk factors for GNB IE. Factors associated with early and late mortality were assessed by Cox regression analysis...
January 29, 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364546/use-of-antibiotic-envelopes-to-prevent-cardiac-implantable-electronic-device-infections-a-meta-analysis
#6
Scott M Koerber, Mohit K Turagam, Jeffery Winterfield, Sandeep Gautam, Michael R Gold
INTRODUCTION: The rates of cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) infections have risen over the past decade and are associated with increased hospitalizations and mortality. A number of preventative strategies have been developed including an antibiotic coated envelope, but it has yet to gain widespread use. METHODS: A meta-analysis was performed on controlled studies of the antibiotic envelope. PubMed and Google Scholar were searched for studies comparing infection rates with and without the use of an antibiotic envelope...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341172/statin-use-and-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-implantable-electronic-device-infection-a-cohort-study-in-a-veteran-population
#7
Talal Alzahrani, Angelike P Liappis, Larry M Baddour, Pamela E Karasik
BACKGROUND: The rate of cardiovascular implantable electronic device infection (CIEDI) has increased, despite the use of perioperative antibiotics at the time of device placement or revision. This is due, in part, to the presence of multiple comorbid conditions in an elderly population, in general, who require CIED. Statins may have an antibacterial effect, although there is currently no evidence that the likelihood of CIEDI has been impacted by statin use. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed to assess whether statins are associated with a reduced risk of CIEDI...
January 17, 2018: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290748/therapeutic-drug-monitoring-of-prolonged-infusion-aztreonam-for-multi-drug-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-a-case-report
#8
Jeffrey J Cies, Richard J LaCoursiere, Wayne S Moore, Arun Chopra
Aztreonam, a broad-spectrum monobactam, is typically reserved for multidrug resistant (MDR) infections. Pharmacokinetic (PK) data to guide dosing in children, however, are limited to healthy volunteers or nonintensive care unit (ICU) patients. Impaired antibiotic delivery into tissue remains a major concern and may explain the high morbidity and mortality associated with MDR infections. Therefore, evaluating the PK changes in pediatric ICU patients is necessary to elucidate the most appropriate antimicrobial regimen...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250294/use-of-barbed-suture-for-wound-closure-in-electrophysiology-device-procedures
#9
Alexander Khodak, Adam S Budzikowski
BACKGROUND: Barbed suture use in surgical fields such as gynecology and orthopedic surgery has been associated with faster wound closure, improved cosmesis, increased cost-effectiveness and potentially decreased rates of infection. However, the use of barbed suture in electrophysiology device procedures has not been reported. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to (1) investigate the safety and effectiveness of barbed suture in wound closure in patients after EP implantable cardioverter defibrillators and loop recorders (CIED) procedures, (2) to determine whether these sutures have an advantage in device implant procedures by improving incision integrity, (3) and to find out whether these sutures would potentially lead to lower rates of infections compared to non-barbed sutures...
April 2017: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250274/prevention-of-cardiac-implantable-electronic-device-infections-update-and-evaluation-of-the-potential-role-for-capsulectomy-or-the-antibiotic-pouch
#10
REVIEW
Marye J Gleva, Jeanne E Poole
Cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) infections can have devastating implications for patient morbidity and mortality. Over the past decade, the infection rate has risen out of proportion to implant rates, and has prompted the development of innovative solutions designed to reduce infections. The first section of this review provides a summary of the contemporary knowledge regarding the incidence, prevalence, microbiology, and risk factors for cardiac implantable electronic device infections. The second section addresses prevention with an emphasis on the potential role of novel procedural approaches, such as capsulectomy and the antibacterial envelope, in reducing CIED infection...
February 2017: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188432/18f-fdg-pet-ct-now-endorsed-by-guidelines-across-all-types-of-cied-infection-evidence-limited-but-growing
#11
EDITORIAL
Fozia Zahir Ahmed, Parthiban Arumugam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171319/cost-effectiveness-of-tyrx%C3%A2-absorbable-antibacterial-envelope-for-prevention-of-cardiovascular-implantable-electronic-device-infection
#12
Gemma Kay, Elizabeth L Eby, Benedict Brown, Julie Lyon, Simon Eggington, Gayathri Kumar, Elisabeth Fenwick, M Rizwan Sohail, David Jay Wright
AIMS: Infection is a major complication of cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) therapy that usually requires device extraction and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The TYRX Antibacterial Envelope is a polypropylene mesh that stabilises the CIED and elutes minocycline and rifampin to reduce the risk of post-operative infection. METHODS: A decision tree was developed to assess the cost-effectiveness of TYRX versus standard of care (SOC) following implantation of four CIED device types...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162159/pulsed-electron-avalanche-knife-peak-plasmablade%C3%A2-in-pacemaker-and-defibrillator-procedures
#13
Elif Kaya, Matthias Totzeck, Tienush Rassaf
BACKGROUND: The pulsed electron avalanche knife (PEAK) PlasmaBlade™ is an innovative electrosurgical device that uses a novel technology to cut tissues. It has been proven to be safe and feasible in ear, nose, and throat surgery, but there are only limited data concerning the use of PlasmaBlade™ instead of conventional electrocautery in cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) procedures except for generator replacements. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, single-center study with patients undergoing CIED surgery at our center between December 2015 and March 2017 and evaluate the feasibility and the clinical outcome of the PlasmaBlade™...
November 21, 2017: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153041/association-of-procalcitonin-values-and-bacterial-infections-in-pediatric-patients-receiving-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#14
Vi Ean Tan, Wayne S Moore, Arun Chopra, Jeffrey J Cies
OBJECTIVE: There is increasing data in pediatrics demonstrating procalcitonin (PCT) is more sensitive and specific than other biomarkers in the setting of bacterial infections. However, the use of PCT in neonatal and pediatric extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is not well described. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to describe the clinical utility of PCT in determining the absence or presence of bacterial infections in neonatal and pediatric patients on ECMO. METHODS: This was a retrospective electronic medical record (EMR) review of data between January 1, 2010 to June 30, 2016 at a single, free-standing, children 's hospital...
November 1, 2017: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112080/%C3%AE-lactam-therapeutic-drug-management-in-the-picu
#15
Jeffrey J Cies, Wayne S Moore, Adela Enache, Arun Chopra
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether contemporary β-lactam anti-infective dosing recommendations in critically ill children achieve concentrations associated with maximal anti-infective activity. The secondary objective was to describe the microbiological and clinical outcomes associated with β-lactam therapeutic drug management. DESIGN: Electronic Medical Record Review. SETTING: A 189-bed, freestanding children's tertiary care teaching hospital in Philadelphia, PA...
February 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110166/effect-of-battery-longevity-on-costs-and-health-outcomes-associated-with-cardiac-implantable-electronic-devices-a-markov-model-based-monte-carlo-simulation
#16
Jordana K Schmier, Edmund C Lau, Jasmine D Patel, Juergen A Klenk, Arnold J Greenspon
INTRODUCTION: The effects of device and patient characteristics on health and economic outcomes in patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) are unclear. Modeling can estimate costs and outcomes for patients with CIEDs under a variety of scenarios, varying battery longevity, comorbidities, and care settings. The objective of this analysis was to compare changes in patient outcomes and payer costs attributable to increases in battery life of implantable cardiac defibrillators (ICDs) and cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillators (CRT-D)...
November 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032885/the-subtle-connection-between-development-of-cardiac-implantable-electrical-device-infection-and-survival-after-complete-system-removal-an-observational-prospective-multicenter-study
#17
Igor Diemberger, Federico Migliore, Mauro Biffi, Alberto Cipriani, Emanuele Bertaglia, Stefano Lorenzetti, Giulia Massaro, Gaia Tanzarella, Giuseppe Boriani
BACKGROUND: Despite the improvements in transvenous lead extraction (TLE), patients with cardiac implantable device related infection (CIEDI) have a poor prognosis at long term. We explored the possible role of factors associated with development of CIEDI as predictors of post-TLE survival. METHODS: We performed a multi-center prospective observational study in a population of consecutive patients referred for TLE for CIEDI. We adopted a previously developed 10-point scale for CIEDI risk stratification and assessed its performance in predicting post-TLE survival...
October 9, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023475/de-novo-transcriptome-sequencing-of-isaria-cateniannulata-and-comparative-analysis-of-gene-expression-in-response-to-heat-and-cold-stresses
#18
Dingfeng Wang, Liangde Li, Guangyuan Wu, Liette Vasseur, Guang Yang, Pengrong Huang
Isaria cateniannulata is a very important and virulent entomopathogenic fungus that infects many insect pest species. Although I. cateniannulata is commonly exposed to extreme environmental temperature conditions, little is known about its molecular response mechanism to temperature stress. Here, we sequenced and de novo assembled the transcriptome of I. cateniannulata in response to high and low temperature stresses using Illumina RNA-Seq technology. Our assembly encompassed 17,514 unigenes (mean length = 1,197 bp), in which 11,445 unigenes (65...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016771/predictors-of-long-term-survival-free-from-relapses-after-extraction-of-infected-cied
#19
Igor Diemberger, Mauro Biffi, Stefano Lorenzetti, Cristian Martignani, Elena Raffaelli, Matteo Ziacchi, Claudio Rapezzi, Davide Pacini, Giuseppe Boriani
Aims: We explored the possible predictors of long-term prognosis after transvenous lead extraction (TLE) for a cardiac implantable device related infection (CIEDI), including the modified Duke score result. Methods and results: We performed a single centre prospective observational study in a population of consecutive patients referred for TLE to a teaching hospital to treat a CIEDI without associated valve-endocarditis. 121 patients were enrolled between January 2012 and March 2016...
August 9, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928258/implantable-cardiac-defibrillator-infections-the-emerging-importance-of-mycobacterium-fortuitum
#20
Menfil Orellana-Barrios, David A Sotello Aviles, Olusegun Oyenuga, Kenneth Nugent
Infection is a clinically relevant complication associated with intracardiac devices. Atypical mycobacteria, particularly Mycobacterium fortuitum, have been increasingly implicated in cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) infections. We present a case of M. fortuitum CIED infection in a patient with ischaemic cardiomyopathy occurring approximately 3 weeks after insertion. The recognition and adequate treatment, including device removal, tissue sampling and the determination of antimicrobial sensitivities, are essential in the proper management of these patients...
September 19, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
keyword
keyword
69569
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"