keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Airway innate immunity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917991/enhanced-expression-of-pd-l1-and-ifn-%C3%AE-on-dendritic-cells-is-associated-with-bcg-induced-th2-inhibition
#1
A C C Gouveia, F G Braga, M Mota, F M C Silva, A S S Brugiolo, E E Oliveira, M C Ayupe, H C Teixeira, A P Ferreira
Accumulating evidence indicates that the exposure to Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) prevents the development of allergy and the airway dendritic cells (DCs) may be involved in this protective effect. However, studies to better characterize the specific interactions between BCG and DCs and their role in this mycobacteria-mediated Th2 cell suppression are still ongoing. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the neonatal BCG vaccination in the innate immune response in a mouse model of ovalbumin (OVA)-induced airway inflammation...
September 14, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912783/sex-differences-in-asthma-a-key-role-of-androgen-signaling-in-group-2-innate-lymphoid-cells
#2
REVIEW
Sophie Laffont, Eve Blanquart, Jean-Charles Guéry
Infectious diseases, autoimmune diseases, and also allergy differentially affect women and men. In general, women develop strongest immune responses and thus the proportion of infected individuals and the severity of many viral, bacterial, or parasitic infections are increased in men. However, heightened immunity in women makes them more susceptible than men to autoimmunity and allergy. While sex differences in immunity are well documented, little is known about the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying these immunological differences, particularly in allergic asthma...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912020/intestinal-dysbiosis-featuring-abundance-of-ruminococcus-gnavus-associates-with-allergic-diseases-in-infants
#3
Huey-Huey Chua, Hung-Chieh Chou, Ya-Ling Tung, Bor-Luen Chiang, Chien-Chia Liao, Hong-Hsing Liu, Yen-Hsuan Ni
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Dysbiosis of the intestinal microbiota has been associated with development of allergies in infants. However, it is not clear what microbes might contribute to this process. We investigated what microbe(s) might be involved in analyses of infant twins and mice. METHODS: We studied fecal specimens prospectively in a twin cohort (n=30) and age-matched singletons (n=14) born at National Taiwan University Children's Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, from April 2011 to March 2013...
September 11, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902853/the-human-bitter-taste-receptor-t2r38-is-broadly-tuned-for-bacterial-compounds
#4
Christophe Verbeurgt, Alex Veithen, Sébastien Carlot, Maxime Tarabichi, Jacques E Dumont, Sergio Hassid, Pierre Chatelain
T2R38 has been shown to be a specific bacterial detector implicated in innate immune defense mechanism of human upper airway. Several clinical studies have demonstrated that this receptor is associated with the development of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). T2R38 was previously reported to bind to homoserine lactones (HSL), quorum sensing molecules specific of Pseudomonas Aeruginosa and other gram negative species. Nevertheless, these bacteria are not the major pathogens found in CRS. Here we report on the identification of bacterial metabolites acting as new agonists of T2R38 based on a single cell calcium imaging study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891433/innate-lymphoid-cells-mediate-pulmonary-eosinophilic-inflammation-airway-mucous-cell-metaplasia-and-type-2-immunity-in-mice-exposed-to-ozone
#5
Kazuyoshi Kumagai, Ryan P Lewandowski, Daven N Jackson-Humbles, Nicholas Buglak, Ning Li, Kaylin White, Steven J Van Dyken, James G Wagner, Jack R Harkema
Exposure to elevated levels of ambient ozone in photochemical smog is associated with eosinophilic airway inflammation and nonatopic asthma in children. In the present study, we determined the role of innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) in the pathogenesis of ozone-induced nonatopic asthma by using lymphoid cell-sufficient C57BL/6 mice, ILC-sufficient Rag2(-/-) mice (devoid of T and B cells), and ILC-deficient Rag2(-/-)Il2rg(-/-) mice (depleted of all lymphoid cells including ILCs). Mice were exposed to 0 or 0.8 parts per million ozone for 1 day or 9 consecutive weekdays (4 hr/day)...
January 1, 2017: Toxicologic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882728/enhanced-efficacy-of-the-engineered-antimicrobial-peptide-wlbu2-via-direct-airway-delivery-in-a-murine-model-of-p-aeruginosa-pneumonia
#6
Chen Chen, Berthony Deslouches, Ronald C Montelaro, Y Peter Di
OBJECTIVES: P. aeruginosa is a common cause of pneumonia in cystic fibrosis patients with the property to generate multidrug resistance against clinically used antibiotics. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are a diverse group of effector molecules of the innate immunity that protect the host against pathogens. However, the lack of activity in common biological matrices has hampered efforts towards clinical development. In this study, we evaluated the therapeutic potential of engineered antimicrobial peptide WLBU2 via direct airway delivery in a murine model of P...
September 4, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878123/the-r213g-polymorphism-in-sod3-protects-against-allergic-airway-inflammation
#7
Rohit Gaurav, Jason T Varasteh, Michael R Weaver, Sean R Jacobson, Laura Hernandez-Lagunas, Qing Liu, Eva Nozik-Grayck, Hong Wei Chu, Rafeul Alam, Børge G Nordestgaard, Camilla J Kobylecki, Shoaib Afzal, Geoffrey L Chupp, Russell P Bowler
Oxidative stress is important in the pathogenesis of allergic asthma. Extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD; SOD3) is the major antioxidant in lungs, but its role in allergic asthma is unknown. Here we report that asthmatics have increased SOD3 transcript levels in sputum and that a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in SOD3 (R213G; rs1799895) changes lung distribution of EC-SOD, and decreases likelihood of asthma-related symptoms. Knockin mice analogous to the human R213G SNP had lower airway hyperresponsiveness, inflammation, and mucus hypersecretion with decreased interleukin-33 (IL-33) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and reduced type II innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) in lungs...
September 7, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874606/bacterial-d-amino-acids-suppress-sinonasal-innate-immunity-through-sweet-taste-receptors-in-solitary-chemosensory-cells
#8
Robert J Lee, Benjamin M Hariri, Derek B McMahon, Bei Chen, Laurel Doghramji, Nithin D Adappa, James N Palmer, David W Kennedy, Peihua Jiang, Robert F Margolskee, Noam A Cohen
In the upper respiratory epithelium, bitter and sweet taste receptors present in solitary chemosensory cells influence antimicrobial innate immune defense responses. Whereas activation of bitter taste receptors (T2Rs) stimulates surrounding epithelial cells to release antimicrobial peptides, activation of the sweet taste receptor (T1R) in the same cells inhibits this response. This mechanism is thought to control the magnitude of antimicrobial peptide release based on the sugar content of airway surface liquid...
September 5, 2017: Science Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874459/protease-activated-receptor-2-activates-airway-apical-membrane-chloride-permeability-and-increases-ciliary-beating
#9
Derek B McMahon, Alan D Workman, Michael A Kohanski, Ryan M Carey, Jenna R Freund, Benjamin M Hariri, Bei Chen, Laurel J Doghramji, Nithin D Adappa, James N Palmer, David W Kennedy, Robert J Lee
Mucociliary clearance, driven by the engine of ciliary beating, is the primary physical airway defense against inhaled pathogens and irritants. A better understanding of the regulation of ciliary beating and mucociliary transport is necessary for identifying new receptor targets to stimulate improved clearance in airway diseases, such as cystic fibrosis and chronic rhinosinusitis. In this study, we examined the protease-activated receptor (PAR)-2, a GPCR previously shown to regulate airway cell cytokine and mucus secretion, and transepithelial Cl(-) current...
September 5, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863187/innate-activation-of-human-primary-epithelial-cells-broadens-the-host-response-to-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-in-the-airways
#10
Ann-Kathrin Reuschl, Michael R Edwards, Robert Parker, David W Connell, Long Hoang, Alice Halliday, Hannah Jarvis, Nazneen Siddiqui, Corrina Wright, Samuel Bremang, Sandra M Newton, Peter Beverley, Robin J Shattock, Onn Min Kon, Ajit Lalvani
Early events in the human airways determining whether exposure to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) results in acquisition of infection are poorly understood. Epithelial cells are the dominant cell type in the lungs, but little is known about their role in tuberculosis. We hypothesised that human primary airway epithelial cells are part of the first line of defense against Mtb-infection and contribute to the protective host response in the human respiratory tract. We modelled these early airway-interactions with human primary bronchial epithelial cells (PBECs) and alveolar macrophages...
September 1, 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853905/airway-mucosal-host-defense-is-key-to-genomic-regulation-of-cystic-fibrosis-lung-disease-severity
#11
Deepika Polineni, Hong Dang, Paul J Gallins, Lisa C Jones, Rhonda G Pace, Jaclyn R Stonebraker, Leah A Commander, Jeanne E Krenicky, Yi-Hui Zhou, Harriet Corvol, Garry R Cutting, Mitchell L Drumm, Lisa J Strug, Michael P Boyle, Peter R Durie, James F Chmiel, Fei Zou, Fred A Wright, Wanda K O'Neal, Michael R Knowles
RATIONALE: The severity of cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease varies widely, even for Phe508del homozygotes. Heritability studies show that >50% of the variability reflects non-CFTR genetic variation; however the full extent of the pertinent genetic variation is not known. OBJECTIVES: We sought to identify novel CF disease-modifying mechanisms using an integrated approach based on analyzing "in vivo" CF airway epithelial gene expression, complemented with genome-wide association study (GWAS) data...
August 30, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842514/impaired-innate-immune-gene-profiling-in-airway-smooth-muscle-cells-from-chronic-cough-patients
#12
Christos Rossios, Stelios Pavlidis, David Gibeon, Sharon Mumby, Andrew Durham, Oluwaseun Ojo, Daniel Horowitz, Matt Loza, Fred Baribaud, Navin Rao, Kian Fan Chung, Ian M Adcock
Chronic cough is associated with airway inflammation and remodelling. Abnormal airway smooth muscle cell (ASMC) function may underlie mechanisms of chronic cough.  Our objective was to examine the transcriptome and focused secretome of ASMCs from chronic cough patients and healthy non-cough volunteers.  ASMC gene expression profiling was performed at baseline and/or after stimulation with polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid (poly(I:C)) to mimic viral infection.  Supernatants were collected for multiplex analysis...
August 25, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837619/ll-37-causes-cell-death-of-human-nasal-epithelial-cells-which-is-inhibited-with-a-synthetic-glycosaminoglycan
#13
Andrew J Thomas, Abigail Pulsipher, Brock M Davis, Jeremiah A Alt
LL-37 is an immune peptide that regulates innate and adaptive immune responses in the upper airways. Elevated levels of LL-37 have been linked to cell death and inflammatory diseases, such as chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are polysaccharides that are found on respiratory epithelial cells and serve important roles in mucosal surface repair. Recent findings suggest that a synthetic glycosaminoglycan (GM-0111) can protect against LL-37-induced sinonasal mucosal inflammation and cell death in a murine model of acute RS...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830530/prenatal-tobacco-smoke-exposure-predisposes-offspring-mice-to-exacerbated-allergic-airway-inflammation-associated-with-altered-innate-effector-function
#14
Maria Ferrini, Sophia Carvalho, Yoon Hee Cho, Britten Postma, Lucas Miranda Marques, Kent Pinkerton, Kevan Roberts, Zeina Jaffar
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies suggest that prenatal and early life environmental exposures have adverse effects on pulmonary function and are important contributors in the development of childhood asthma and allergic disease. The mechanism by which environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure in utero promotes the development of allergic asthma remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the immunological consequences of prenatal exposure to ETS in order to understand events responsible for the development or exacerbation of allergic asthma...
August 22, 2017: Particle and Fibre Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822267/a-similar-pro-anti-inflammatory-cytokine-balance-is-present-in-the-airways-of-competitive-athletes-and-non-exercising-asthmatics
#15
Marcin Kurowski, Janusz Jurczyk, Agnieszka Olszewska-Ziąber, Marzanna Jarzębska, Hubert Krysztofiak, Marek L Kowalski
PURPOSE: Intensive exercise modifies airway inflammation and infection susceptibility. We aimed to determine the effect of exercise on pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine (TNF-α, IL-1ra, IL-10) and innate immunity protein (HSPA1, sCD14) levels in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) and nasal secretions of competitive athletes, non-exercising asthmatics and healthy controls (HC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 15 competitive athletes (five speed skaters and ten swimmers) aged 15-25...
August 16, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813514/the-helicobacter-pylori-type-iv-secretion-system-promotes-il-8-synthesis-in-a-model-of-pediatric-airway-epithelium-via-p38-map-kinase
#16
Myra G Dela Pena-Ponce, Monica T Jimenez, Lori M Hansen, Jay V Solnick, Lisa A Miller
Epidemiologic studies have reported an inverse relationship between childhood Helicobacter pylori infection and development of allergic asthma. Because lung epithelium plays an important role in allergic asthma pathogenesis, we hypothesized that H. pylori may directly influence airway epithelial cell innate immune function, particularly in early childhood. To test our hypothesis, we established an in vitro H. pylori infection model using primary tracheobronchial epithelial cell cultures derived from infant, juvenile and adult rhesus monkeys...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808975/isolation-of-group-2-innate-lymphoid-cells-from-mouse-lungs
#17
Claudia U Duerr, Jörg H Fritz
The recently described group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2) exert critical roles in type 2 immune responses, epithelial repair at mucosal tissues and metabolic homeostasis. ILC2 release large amounts of type 2 cytokines such as interleukin 4 (IL-4), IL-5, and IL-13, driving type 2 immunity such as the defense against helminths. However, if not tightly regulated ILC2 can trigger unwanted type 2 immunopathologies including allergic airway inflammation, airway hyper-responsiveness, and atopic dermatitis. Viral respiratory tract infections, archetypal triggers of type 1 immune responses, often give rise to pulmonary type 2 immunopathologies such as asthma and asthma exacerbations...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798751/role-of-dendritic-cells-in-inflammation-and-loss-of-tolerance-in-the-elderly
#18
REVIEW
Anshu Agrawal, Sudhanshu Agrawal, Sudhir Gupta
Dendritic cells (DCs) play an important role in advancing age-associated progressive decline in adaptive immune responses, loss of tolerance, and development of chronic inflammation. In aged humans, DCs secrete increased levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines and decreased levels of anti-inflammatory and immune-regulatory cytokines. This may contribute to both chronic inflammation and loss of tolerance in aging. Aged DCs also display increased immune response against self-antigens contributing further to both inflammation and loss of tolerance...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790504/cigarette-smoke-and-dna-cleavage-promote-lung-inflammation-and-emphysema
#19
Farrah Kheradmand, R You, Bon Hee Gu, D B Corry
Smoking-related lung diseases are among the most preventable and incurable ailments in the world. Smokers are at increased risk of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease that can be further complicated by emphysema and lung cancer. A subset of former smokers shows persistent lung inflammation and progressive loss of lung function, indicating a role for activation of acquired immunity in smoking-induced lung diseases. In addition to the well-established noxious effects of volatile compounds in cigarette smoke, incomplete combustion of tobacco generates nano-sized carbon black (nCB) that accumulate in lung myeloid dendritic cells and macrophages...
2017: Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790180/pseudomonas-aeruginosa-lasb-protease-impairs-innate-immunity-in-mice-and-humans-by-targeting-a-lung-epithelial-cystic-fibrosis-transmembrane-regulator-il-6-antimicrobial-repair-pathway
#20
Vinciane Saint-Criq, Bérengère Villeret, Fabien Bastaert, Saadé Kheir, Aurélie Hatton, Aurélie Cazes, Zhou Xing, Isabelle Sermet-Gaudelus, Ignacio Garcia-Verdugo, Aleksander Edelman, Jean-Michel Sallenave
BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infections are a huge problem in ventilator-associated pneumonia, cystic fibrosis (CF) and in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations. This bacterium secretes virulence factors that may subvert host innate immunity. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the effect of P. aeruginosa elastase LasB, an important virulence factor secreted by the type II secretion system, on ion transport, innate immune responses and epithelial repair, both in vitro and in vivo...
August 8, 2017: Thorax
keyword
keyword
69566
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"