keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

CTLs

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352091/precursors-of-human-cd4-cytotoxic-t-lymphocytes-identified-by-single-cell-transcriptome-analysis
#1
Veena S Patil, Ariel Madrigal, Benjamin J Schmiedel, James Clarke, Patrick O'Rourke, Aruna D de Silva, Eva Harris, Bjoern Peters, Gregory Seumois, Daniela Weiskopf, Alessandro Sette, Pandurangan Vijayanand
CD4+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CD4-CTLs) have been reported to play a protective role in several viral infections. However, little is known in humans about the biology of CD4-CTL generation, their functional properties, and heterogeneity, especially in relation to other well-described CD4+ memory T cell subsets. We performed single-cell RNA sequencing in more than 9000 cells to unravel CD4-CTL heterogeneity, transcriptional profile, and clonality in humans. Single-cell differential gene expression analysis revealed a spectrum of known transcripts, including several linked to cytotoxic and costimulatory function that are expressed at higher levels in the TEMRA (effector memory T cells expressing CD45RA) subset, which is highly enriched for CD4-CTLs, compared with CD4+ T cells in the central memory (TCM) and effector memory (TEM) subsets...
January 19, 2018: Science Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345636/promoting-the-accumulation-of-tumor-specific-t-cells-in-tumor-tissues-by-dendritic-cell-vaccines-and-chemokine-modulating-agents
#2
Nataša Obermajer, Julie Urban, Eva Wieckowski, Ravikumar Muthuswamy, Roshni Ravindranathan, David L Bartlett, Pawel Kalinski
This protocol describes how to induce large numbers of tumor-specific cytotoxic T cells (CTLs) in the spleens and lymph nodes of mice receiving dendritic cell (DC) vaccines and how to modulate tumor microenvironments (TMEs) to ensure effective homing of the vaccination-induced CTLs to tumor tissues. We also describe how to evaluate the numbers of tumor-specific CTLs within tumors. The protocol contains detailed information describing how to generate a specialized DC vaccine with augmented ability to induce tumor-specific CTLs...
February 2018: Nature Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344283/antigen-presentation-of-the-oct4-and-sox2-peptides-by-cd154-activated-b-lymphocytes-enhances-the-killing-effect-of-cytotoxic-t-lymphocytes-on-tumor-stem-like-cells-derived-from-cisplatin-resistant-lung-cancer-cells
#3
Xueyan Zhang, Yanwei Zhang, Jianlin Xu, Huimin Wang, Xiaoxuan Zheng, Yuqing Lou, Baohui Han
The present study investigated whether antigen presentation of the Oct4 and Sox2 peptides by CD154-activated B lymphocytes can enhance the killing effect of CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) on lung stem-like cancer cells (SLCCs). The CTLs were generated using an accelerated co-cultured dendritic cells (DC) (acDC) assay by incubating human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from non-small-cell lung cancer patients with antigen peptides of Oct4 and Sox2 in the presence of several DC-activating agents...
2018: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344274/immunotherapy-of-patient-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-using-cytotoxic-t-lymphocytes-ex-vivo-activated-with-tumor-antigen-pulsed-dendritic-cells
#4
Ying Wang, Xijing Yang, Yi Yu, Zenghui Xu, Yan Sun, Hui Liu, Jingbo Cheng, Min Liu, Bibo Sha, Linfang Li, Na Ding, Zhong Li, Huajun Jin, Qijun Qian
Purpose The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical response of immunotherapy with dendritic cell-cytotoxic T lymphocytes (DC-CTLs) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Method Sixty-eight patients with a confirmed diagnosis of HCC and who received follow-up until December 2015 were enrolled. We measured immune phenotypes of DCs and activated T cells using flow cytometry and clinical indexes using an electrochemiluminescence method. Results DCs exhibited up-regulation of the maturation markers CD83, CD80, CD11c, and CD86 on day8...
2018: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340620/delivery-of-tapasin-modified-ctl-epitope-peptide-via-cytoplasmic-transduction-peptide-induces-ctls-by-jak-stat-signaling-pathway-in-vivo
#5
Shanshan Wu, Xiaohua Chen, Yuyan Tang, Yi Zhang, Dan Li, Jie Chen, Jieling Wang, Zhenghao Tang, Guoqing Zang, Yongsheng Yu
Hepatitis B virus (HBV)-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) play a vital role in viral control and clearance. Recent studies have elucidated that Tapasin, an endoplasmic reticulum chaperone, is a well-known molecule that appears to be essential in peptide-loading process. The Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathway plays an important role in immune response regulation and cytokines secretion. We have previously verified that fusion protein CTP-HBcAg18-27-Tapasin could facilitate the maturation of bone marrow derived dendritic cells and enhance specific CTLs responses in vitro, which might be associated with the activation of JAK/STAT signaling pathway...
January 11, 2018: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337259/mathematical-modeling-of-tumor-induced-immunosuppression-by-myeloid-derived-suppressor-cells-implications-for-therapeutic-targeting-strategies
#6
Seyed Peyman Shariatpanahi, Seyed Pooya Shariatpanahi, Keivan Madjidzadeh, Moustapha Hassan, Manuchehr Abedi-Valugerdi
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) belong to immature myeloid cells that are generated and accumulated during the tumor development. MDSCs strongly suppress the anti-tumor immunity and provide conditions for tumor progression and metastasis. In this study, we present a mathematical model based on ordinary differential equations (ODE) to describe tumor-induced immunosuppression caused by MDSCs. The model consists of four equations and incorporates tumor cells, cytotoxic T cells (CTLs), natural killer (NK) cells and MDSCs...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329051/non-genetic-engineering-of-cytotoxic-t-cells-to-target-il-4-receptor-enhances-tumor-homing-and-therapeutic-efficacy-against-melanoma
#7
Gowri Rangaswamy Gunassekaran, Chae-Moon Hong, Sri Murugan Poongkavithai Vadevoo, Lianhua Chi, Padmanaban Guruprasath, Byung-Cheol Ahn, Ha-Jeong Kim, Tae Heung Kang, Byungheon Lee
Adoptive transfer of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) has been used as an immunotherapy in melanoma. However, the tumor homing and therapeutic efficacy of transferred CTLs against melanoma remain unsatisfactory. Interleukin-4 receptor (IL-4R) is commonly up-regulated in tumors including melanoma. Here, we studied whether IL-4R-targeted CTLs exhibit enhanced tumor homing and therapeutic efficacy against melanoma. CTLs isolated from mice bearing melanomas were non-genetically engineered with IL4RPep-1, an IL-4R-binding peptide, using a membrane anchor composed of dioleylphosphatidylethanolamine...
January 8, 2018: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324855/ctls-a-new-class-of-ring-h2-ubiquitin-ligases-uncovered-by-yeell-a-motif-close-to-the-ring-domain-that-is-present-across-eukaryotes
#8
Domingo Jiménez-López, Laura Aguilar-Henonin, Juan Manuel González-Prieto, Victor Aguilar-Hernández, Plinio Guzmán
RING ubiquitin E3 ligases enclose a RING domain for ubiquitin ligase activity and associated domains and/or conserved motifs outside the RING domain that collectively facilitate their classification and usually reveal some of key information related to mechanism of action. Here we describe a new family of E3 ligases that encodes a RING-H2 domain related in sequence to the ATL and BTL RING-H2 domains. This family, named CTL, encodes a motif designed as YEELL that expands 21 amino acids next to the RING-H2 domain that is present across most eukaryotic lineages...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313971/in-vivo-antitumor-function-of-tumor-antigen-specific-ctls-generated-in-the-presence-of-ox40-co-stimulation-in-vitro
#9
Ngoc Pham Minh, Satoshi Murata, Naomi Kitamura, Tomoyuki Ueki, Masatsugu Kojima, Toru Miyake, Katsushi Takebayashi, Hirokazu Kodama, Eiji Mekata, Masaji Tani
Adoptive cell transfer (ACT) is an emerging and promising cancer immunotherapy that has been improved through various approaches. Here, we described the distinctive characteristics and functions of tumor Ag-specific effector CD8+ T-cells, co-cultured with a tumor specific peptide and a stimulatory anti-OX40 antibody, before being used for ACT therapy in tumor-bearing mouse recipients. Splenic T-cells were obtained from wild-type FVB/N mice that had been injected with a HER2/neu (neu)-expressing tumor and a neu-vaccine...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312633/the-synergistic-antitumor-effect-of-arsenic-trioxide-combined-with-cytotoxic-t-cells-in-pulmonary-metastasis-model-of-colon-cancer
#10
Lei Wang, Wentao Liang, Na Peng, Xiang Hu, Yingxin Xu, Zhong Liu
Adoptive T cell therapy, including cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs), represents a promising non-toxic anticancer strategy. The effects of this therapy can be impaired by tumor-infiltrated regulatory T cells (Tregs). Autologous murine CTLs acquired using cryopreservation exhibited a cytotoxic effect equivalent to that of conventional CTLs. The killing activity of CTLs was enhanced significantly using arsenic trioxide (ATO), accompanied by reduction in Tregs in vitro. Results using a pulmonary metastasis model of colon cancer indicated that compared with the control group, ATO group, and CTLs group, metastatic node number decreased significantly (p<0...
December 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305435/an-immunotherapeutic-cd137-agonist-releases-eomesodermin-from-thpok-repression-in-cd4-t-cells
#11
Payal Mittal, Rebecca Abblett, Joseph M Ryan, Adam T Hagymasi, Archibald Agyekum-Yamoah, Julia Svedova, Steven L Reiner, Marie-Clare St Rose, Matthew P Hanley, Anthony T Vella, Adam J Adler
Agonists to the TNF/TNFR costimulatory receptors CD134 (OX40) and CD137 (4-1BB) elicit antitumor immunity. Dual costimulation with anti-CD134 plus anti-CD137 is particularly potent because it programs cytotoxic potential in CD8+ and CD4+ T cells. Cytotoxicity in dual-costimulated CD4 T cells depends on the T-box transcription factor eomesodermin (Eomes), which we report is induced via a mechanism that does not rely on IL-2, in contrast to CD8+ CTL, but rather depends on the CD8 T cell lineage commitment transcription factor Runx3, which supports Eomes expression in mature CD8+ CTLs...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298343/epcam-peptide-primed-dendritic-cell-vaccination-confers-significant-anti-tumor-immunity-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#12
Yoo Jin Choi, Seong-Joon Park, You-Soo Park, Hee Sung Park, Kwang Mo Yang, Kyu Heo
Cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) may play a key role in tumor initiation, self-renewal, differentiation, and resistance to current treatments. Dendritic cells (DCs) play a vital role in host immune reactions as well as antigen presentation. In this study, we explored the suitability of using CSC peptides as antigen sources for DC vaccination against human breast cancer and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with the aim of achieving CSC targeting and enhancing anti-tumor immunity. CD44 is used as a CSC marker for breast cancer and EpCAM is used as a CSC marker for HCC...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289654/an-alternative-function-of-c-type-lectin-comprising-low-density-lipoprotein-receptor-domain-from-fenneropenaeus-merguiensis-to-act-as-a-binding-receptor-for-viral-protein-and-vitellogenin
#13
Pattamaporn Kwankaew, Rachanida Praparatana, Phanthipha Runsaeng, Prapaporn Utarabhand
A diversity of C-type lectins (CTLs) was coming reported and they are known to participate in invertebrate innate immunity by act as pattern recognition receptor (PRR). In the present study, a unique CTL containing low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) domain from Fenneropenaeus merguiensis (designated as FmLdlr) was cloned. Its sequence contained a single LDLR domain and one carbohydrate recognition domain (CRD) with a QAP motif putative for galactose-specific binding. The expression of FmLdlr was detected only in hemocytes of healthy shrimp...
December 28, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288152/cytotoxic-granule-endocytosis-depends-on-the-flower-protein
#14
Hsin-Fang Chang, Stefanie Mannebach, Andreas Beck, Keerthana Ravichandran, Elmar Krause, Katja Frohnweiler, Claudia Fecher-Trost, Claudia Schirra, Varsha Pattu, Veit Flockerzi, Jens Rettig
Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) kill target cells by the regulated release of cytotoxic substances from granules at the immunological synapse. To kill multiple target cells, CTLs use endocytosis of membrane components of cytotoxic granules. We studied the potential calcium dependence of endocytosis in mouse CTLs on Flower, which mediates the calcium dependence of synaptic vesicle endocytosis in Drosophila melanogaster Flower is predominantly localized on intracellular vesicles that move to the synapse on target cell contact...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282521/engineered-exosomes-emerging-from-muscle-cells-break-immune-tolerance-to-her2-in-transgenic-mice-and-induce-antigen-specific-ctls-upon-challenge-by-human-dendritic-cells
#15
Simona Anticoli, Eleonora Aricò, Claudia Arenaccio, Francesco Manfredi, Chiara Chiozzini, Eleonora Olivetta, Flavia Ferrantelli, Laura Lattanzi, Maria Teresa D'Urso, Enrico Proietti, Maurizio Federico
We recently described a novel biotechnological platform for the production of unrestricted cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) vaccines. It relies on in vivo engineering of exosomes, i.e., nanovesicles constitutively released by all cells, with full-length antigens of choice upon fusion with an exosome-anchoring protein referred to as Nefmut. They are produced upon intramuscular injection of a DNA vector and, when uploaded with a viral tumor antigen, were found to elicit an immune response inhibiting the tumor growth in a model of transplantable tumors...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte"
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279486/differences-in-the-serum-4%C3%AE-hydroxycholesterol-levels-of-patients-with-chronic-hcv-infection-a-possible-impact-on-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-ifn-free-treatment
#16
Takeshi Hirayama, Tadashi Ikegami, Akira Honda, Teruo Miyazaki, Sho-Ichiro Yara, Motoyuki Kohjima, Makoto Nakamuta, Yasushi Matsuzaki
Since the majority of direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) that are used in the treatment of HCV infection are mainly metabolized by CYP3A4, it is hypothesized that inter-individual differences in CYP3A4 activity may be associated with the bioavailability of these agents. Methods The level of serum 4β-hydroxycholesterol (4βHC), a surrogate marker of CYP3A4 activity, was determined by LC-MS/MS in samples obtained from patients with HCV infection (CHCs) as well as healthy control subjects (CTLs). Serum samples obtained from patients treated with either asunaprevir/daclatasvir (ASV/DCV) or ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir (OTV/PTV/r) were used for additional assays...
December 27, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278302/monophosphoryl-lipid-a-adjuvanted-virosomes-with-ni-chelating-lipids-for-attachment-of-conserved-viral-proteins-as-cross-protective-influenza-vaccine
#17
Wei Dong, Yoshita Bhide, Sonny Marsman, Marijke Holtrop, Tjarko Meijerhof, Jacqueline de Vries-Idema, Aalzen de Haan, Anke Huckriede
BACKGROUND: Induction of CD8+ cytotoxic T cells (CTLs) to conserved internal influenza antigens, such as nucleoprotein (NP), is a promising strategy for the development of cross-protective influenza vaccines. However, influenza NP protein alone cannot induce CTL immunity due to its low capacity to activate antigen-presenting cells (APCs) and get access to the MHC class I antigen processing pathway. METHODS: To facilitate the generation of NP-specific CTL immunity we developed a novel influenza vaccine consisting of virosomes with the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) ligand monophosphoryl lipid A (MPLA) and the metal-ion-chelating lipid DOGS-NTA-Ni incorporated in the membrane...
December 26, 2017: Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275313/tumor-infiltrating-lymphocytes-predict-the-chemotherapeutic-outcomes-in-patients-with-stage-iv-colorectal-cancer
#18
Masatsune Shibutani, Kiyoshi Maeda, Hisashi Nagahara, Tatsunari Fukuoka, Yasuhito Iseki, Shinji Matsutani, Shinichiro Kashiwagi, Hiroaki Tanaka, Kosei Hirakawa, Masaichi Ohira
BACKGROUND/AIM: The anticancer immune response has been reported to contribute to the success of chemotherapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the significance of the measurement of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in the primary tumor using the method proposed by the International TILs Working Group as a prognostic marker of chemotherapeutic outcomes in patients with stage IV colorectal cancer (CRC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 57 patients with stage IV CRC who underwent palliative chemotherapy after resection of the primary tumor were enrolled...
January 2018: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273955/prognostic-value-of-tumor-stroma-ratio-combined-with-the-immune-status-of-tumors-in-invasive-breast-carcinoma
#19
K M H Vangangelt, G W van Pelt, C C Engels, H Putter, G J Liefers, V T H B M Smit, R A E M Tollenaar, P J K Kuppen, W E Mesker
PURPOSE: Complex interactions occur between cancer cells and cells in the tumor microenvironment. In this study, the prognostic value of the interplay between tumor-stroma ratio (TSR) and the immune status of tumors in breast cancer patients was evaluated. METHODS: A cohort of 574 breast cancer patients was analyzed. The percentage of tumor stroma was visually estimated on Hematoxylin and Eosin (H&E) stained histological tumor tissue sections. Immunohistochemical staining was performed for classical human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I, HLA-E, HLA-G, markers for regulatory T (Treg) cells, natural killer (NK) cells and cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTLs)...
December 22, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250063/m-il-4-tissue-macrophages-support-efficient-interferon-gamma-production-in-antigen-specific-cd8-t-cells-with-reduced-proliferative-capacity
#20
Rylend Mulder, Andra Banete, Kyle Seaver, Sameh Basta
CD8+ cytotoxic T cell (CTL) responses are necessary for the lysis of virally infected cells and control of infection. CTLs are activated when their TCRs bind a major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-I/peptide complex on the surface of antigen presenting cells such as macrophages (MΦ). It is now apparent that MΦ display remarkable plasticity in response to environmental signals to polarize into classically activated M(LPS + IFN-γ) or alternatively activated M(IL-4). However, little is known about how MΦ activation status influences their antigen presentation function to CD8+ T cell in models of virus infection...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
keyword
keyword
69557
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"