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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449285/research-review-childhood-chronic-physical-illness-and-adult-emotional-health-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Ekin Secinti, Ellen J Thompson, Marcus Richards, Darya Gaysina
BACKGROUND: Childhood chronic physical illness is associated with a greater vulnerability for emotional problems (i.e. depression and anxiety) in childhood. However, little is known about life-long effects of childhood chronic physical illness on mental health. The present study aims to systematically review evidence for associations between eight chronic physical illnesses with childhood onset (arthritis, asthma, cancer, chronic renal failure, congenital heart disease, cystic fibrosis, type 1 diabetes, and epilepsy) and adult emotional problems...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448372/validity-of-the-montreal-cognitive-assessment-screener-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-and-without-congenital-heart-disease
#2
Nancy A Pike, Marie K Poulsen, Mary A Woo
BACKGROUND: Cognitive deficits are common, long-term sequelae in children and adolescents with congenital heart disease (CHD) who have undergone surgical palliation. However, there is a lack of a validated brief cognitive screening tool appropriate for the outpatient setting for adolescents with CHD. One candidate instrument is the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) questionnaire. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the research was to validate scores from the MoCA against the General Memory Index (GMI) of the Wide Range Assessment of Memory and Learning, 2nd Edition (WRAML2), a widely accepted measure of cognition/memory, in adolescents and young adults with CHD...
May 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447879/the-lived-experience-of-caregivers-of-persons-with-heart-failure-a-phenomenological-study
#3
Antonio Petruzzo, Marco Paturzo, Monica Naletto, Marlene Z Cohen, Rosaria Alvaro, Ercole Vellone
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) patients need to follow a strict pharmacological and nonpharmacological regimen in order to counteract the burden of the disease, and informal caregivers are an important resource for HF patients in managing and coping with their disease. Few studies have examined the lived experience of these caregivers with a rigorous phenomenological approach, and none have been conducted in Italy. AIM: To describe the lived experience of the caregivers of HF patients...
April 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445485/validity-and-reliability-of-the-physical-activity-questionnaire-for-children-paq-c-and-adolescents-paq-a-in-individuals-with-congenital-heart-disease
#4
Christine Voss, Paige H Dean, Ross F Gardner, Stephanie L Duncombe, Kevin C Harris
OBJECTIVE: To assess the criterion validity, internal consistency, reliability and cut-point for the Physical Activity Questionnaire for Children (PAQ-C) and Adolescents (PAQ-A) in children and adolescents with congenital heart disease-a special population at high cardiovascular risk in whom physical activity has not been extensively evaluated. METHODS: We included 84 participants (13.6±2.9 yrs, 50% female) with simple (37%), moderate (31%), or severe congenital heart disease (27%), as well as cardiac transplant recipients (6%), from BC Children's Hospital, Canada...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445278/analysis-of-treatment-of-large-abdominal-malignancies-in-children-complicated-with-abdominal-compartment-syndrome-report-of-six-cases
#5
Zeng Le-Xiang, Wu Yao-Hao, Li Na, Qiu Rong-Lin, Zhou Jia-Jia, Jiang Wen-Li, Zhang Jie, Deng Xiao-Geng
To explore effective treatment of large abdominal malignancies in children complicated with abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS).Six children with large abdominal malignancies complicated with ACS were admitted to our department from January 2013 to January 2016, and the changes in their breathing, heart rate, oxygen saturation, abdominal circumference, bladder pressure, and urine output, as well as the treatment measures and outcomes, were retrospectively analyzed.The 6 children included 1 child with bilateral nephroblastoma, 1 child with abdominal alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma, 1 child with right ovarian malignant teratoma complicated with abdominal glioma, 1 child with abdominal malignant teratoma, 1 child with right nephroblastoma, and 1 child with left adrenal gland neuroblastoma...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444613/no-difference-in-congenital-anomalies-prevalence-irrespective-of-insemination-methods-and-freezing-procedure-cohort-study-over-fourteen-years-of-an-art-population-in-the-south-of-france
#6
Any Beltran Anzola, Vanessa Pauly, Debbie Montjean, Line Meddeb, Cendrine Geoffroy-Siraudin, Roland Sambuc, Pierre Boyer, Marie-José Gervoise-Boyer
PURPOSE: A retrospective cohort study was conducted to evaluate and compare the prevalence of congenital anomalies in babies and fetuses conceived after four procedures of assisted reproduction technologies (ART). METHODS: The prevalence of congenital anomalies was compared retrospectively between 2750 babies and fetuses conceived between 2001 and 2014 in vitro fertilization with standard insemination (IVF), IVF with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), IVF with frozen embryo transfer (FET-IVF), and ICSI with frozen embryo transfer (FET-ICSI)...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444210/initial-shunt-type-at-the-norwood-operation-impacts-myocardial-function-in-hypoplastic-left-heart-syndrome%C3%A2
#7
Hanna K Ruotsalainen, Jaana Pihkala, Jukka Salminen, Lisa K Hornberger, Heikki Sairanen, Tiina Ojala
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the impact of initial shunt type, a Blalock-Taussig (BT) shunt versus a right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit (RV-PA) on myocardial function at different stages of surgical palliation in patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). METHODS: A population-based cohort of 63 Finnish children with HLHS (BT n  = 23, RV-PA n  = 40) born between 2003 and 2010 were studied retrospectively by echocardiography prior to Stages 1, 2 and 3 palliation and 0...
April 24, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443234/plastic-bronchitis-an-unusual-complication-of-acute-chest-syndrome-in-adult
#8
Sarah Feray, Pierre Mora, Maxens Decavele, Tài Pham, El Mahdi Hafiani, Muriel Fartoukh
Plastic bronchitis is used to designate endobronchial plugs of rubber-like consistency that form into bronchial trees. It has been described in several diseases like asthma, cystic fibrosis, pulmonary infection, cyanotic congenital heart disease and in few young children with homozygous sickle cell disease. We report the first sickle cell adult case of plastic bronchitis during acute chest syndrome. He developed severe acute respiratory distress syndrome. This unusual presentation related to obstruction by voluminous casts may alert physicians to focus more on the bronchi in sickle cell patients...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441822/-clinical-features-and-outcomes-of-radiofrequency-catheter-ablation-of-atrial-flutter-in-children
#9
H Jiang, X M Li, Y Zhang, H J Liu, M T Li, H Y Ge
Objective: To explore the clinical features of atrial flutter (AFL) and evaluate the efficacy of radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) for AFL in children. Method: Data were collected and analyzed on 50 consecutive pediatric AFL patients (male 37/female 13) who underwent electrophysiology study and RFCA from February 2009 to November 2016 in a case observational study. The average age was (6.2±3.5) years and body weight was (23.7±13.5) kg. Heart structure was normal in 26 patients. Twenty-four patients had congenital heart disease (CHD) and among them 22 patients underwent repaired surgery before...
April 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441821/-assessment-of-undiagnosed-critical-congenital-heart-disease-before-discharge-from-the-maternity-hospital
#10
Q M Zhao, F Liu, L Wu, M Ye, B Jia, X J Ma, G Y Huang
Objective: Undiagnosed critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) was assessed before discharge from maternity hospital.Basic information was provided for screening CCHD in the early neonatal stage.Chi-squared test was used for comparison of categorical variables(detection rate of different types of CCHD). Method: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in neonates with CCHD who were admitted to Children's Hospital of Fudan University between 1 January 2012 and 31 December 2015. For comparing with the previously reported undiagnosed rate of CCHD at discharge, CCHD was defined as all duct dependent congenital heart disease (DDCHD) and any cyanotic CHD that required early surgery...
April 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441820/-brief-interpretation-of-the-pediatric-and-congenital-electrophysiology-society-paces-and-the-heart-rhythm-society-hrs-expert-consensus-statement-on-the-use-of-catheter-ablation-in-children-and-patients-with-congenital-heart-disease
#11
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437814/assessment-of-early-cardiovascular-risk-in-children-and-adolescents-with-essential-hypertension
#12
Andreja Stelcar, Evgenija Homsak, Natasa Marcun Varda
The aim of our study was to investigate some early markers of hypertensive target organ damage in hypertensive children and adolescents, and to detect those showing most prominent clinical significance. We included 100 children with essential hypertension (EH) and 50 age-matched healthy control children, and evaluated left ventricular mass (LVM), intima-media thickness in the carotid arteries (IMT), pulse wave velocity (PWV), microalbuminuria, biochemical parameters and some adipokines. Statistically significant differences between the 2 groups were observed for HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, insulin, uric acid, glucose, apolipoprotein A1, and total adiponectin...
April 24, 2017: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437365/a-method-to-account-for-variation-in-congenital-heart-surgery-length-of-stay
#13
Andrew Brennan, Kimberlee Gauvreau, Jean Connor, Melvin Almodovar, James DiNardo, Puja Banka, Meena Nathan, Derek Mathieu, Aditya Kaza, John E Mayer, Lisa Bergersen
OBJECTIVES: We sought to develop a risk-adjustment methodology for length of stay in congenital heart surgery, as none exist. DESIGN: Prospective cohort analysis combined with previously obtained retrospective cohort analysis of a Department of Cardiovascular Surgery clinical database. PATIENTS: Patients discharged from Boston Children's Hospital between October 1, 2006, and May 31, 2014, that underwent a congenital heart surgery procedure(s) linked to one of 103 surgical procedure types...
April 21, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437342/left-ventricular-mechanics-assessed-by-2-dimensional-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-in-children-and-adolescents-with-idiopathic-scoliosis
#14
Shujuan Li, Junlin Yang, Ling Zhu, Yunquan Li, Huimin Peng, Yuese Lin, Xuandi Li, Zifang Huang, Huishen Wang
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of data collected prospectively. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to assess the possible effects of idiopathic scoliosis on left ventricular (LV) myocardial performance in children and adolescent patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Spine anomaly may impair cardiorespiratory function. It has been confirmed that respiratory function decreased in patients with scoliosis. However, limited study of the effect of scoliosis on heart function has been published, and no assessment of myocardial deformation of these patients has been reported to our knowledge...
May 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436859/in-vivo-intracardiac-vector-velocity-imaging-using-phased-array-transducers-for-pediatric-cardiology
#15
Solveig Fadnes, Morten Wigen, Siri Ann Nyrnes, Lasse Lovstakken
Two-dimensional blood speckle tracking has shown promise for measuring complex flow patterns in neonatal hearts using linear arrays and high-frame-rate plane wave imaging. For general pediatric applications, however, the need for phased array probes emerges due to the limited intercostal acoustic window available. In this work, a clinically approved real-time duplex imaging setup with phased array probes was used to investigate the potential of blood speckle tracking for 2-D vector velocity imaging of children with congenital heart disease...
April 24, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436679/cited2-mutations-in-conserved-regions-contribute-to-conotruncal-heart-defects-in-chinese-children
#16
Bojian Li, Tian Pu, Yang Liu, Yuejuan Xu, Rang Xu
Conotruncal heart defects (CTDs) are severe malformations of outflow tract with heterogeneous morphology. Several missense variants of CITED2 have been identified to cause CTDs in recent researches. In this study, we screened the coding regions of CITED2 in 605 Chinese children with CTDs and found two possible pathogenic mutant sites: p.Q117L and p.T257A, both located in the conserved regions of CITED2. Then, we investigated the biological and functional alterations of them. Western blotting showed low level of protein expression of mutant Q117 and T257A compared with wild-type CITED2...
April 24, 2017: DNA and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436549/atrial-undersensing-secondary-to-quiet-timer-blanking-in-pediatric-and-congenital-heart-disease-patients
#17
Johannes C von Alvensleben, Michael Schaffer, Caitlin Brateng, Kathryn K Collins
BACKGROUND: Atrial undersensing despite normal atrial lead parameters and high amplitude electrograms has been described in adult patients as a consequence of atrial amplifier saturation. Repetitive inputs cause amplifier ringing and undersensing occurs as consequence of quiet timer blanking. High amplitude ventricular electrograms can also result in atrial blanking secondary to cross chamber effect. This has not been described in pediatric patients or epicardial pacing systems and specific risk factors are not known...
April 24, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435986/asian-consortium-on-radiation-dose-of-pediatric-cardiac-ct-asci-redcard
#18
Peter K T Hui, Hyun Woo Goo, Jing Du, Janice J K Ip, Suzu Kanzaki, Young Jin Kim, Supika Kritsaneepaiboon, Oktavia Lilyasari, Suvipaporn Siripornpitak
BACKGROUND: With incremental utilization of pediatric cardiac CT in congenital heart disease, it is imperative to define its current radiation dose levels in clinical practice in order to help imagers optimize CT protocols, particularly in Asia and other developing countries where CT physicists are not readily available. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate current radiation dose levels and influencing factors in cardiac CT in children with congenital heart disease in Asia by conducting a retrospective multi-center, multi-vendor study...
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435357/effectiveness-of-audiovisual-distraction-with-computerized-delivery-of-anesthesia-during-the-placement-of-stainless-steel-crowns-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#19
Kausar Sadia Fakhruddin, Hisham El Batawi, M O Gorduysus
OBJECTIVE: Assessing effectiveness of audiovisual (AV) distraction with/without video eyewear and computerized delivery system-intrasulcular (CDS-IS) for local anesthesia during placement of stainless steel crowns for the management of pathological tooth grinding in children with Down syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This clinical study includes 22 children (13 boys and 9 girls), with mean age being 7.1 years. The study involved three sessions 1-week apart. During Session I, dental prophylaxis to the upper jaw was done while watching a movie projected on the ceiling without video eyewear whereas prophylaxis for the lower jaw and impressions of both jaws were taken while watching another movie using eyewear projection...
January 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434870/maternal-socioeconomic-disadvantage-is-associated-with-transcriptional-indications-of-greater-immune-activation-and-slower-tissue-maturation-in-placental-biopsies-and-newborn-cord-blood
#20
Gregory E Miller, Ann E Borders, Amy H Crockett, Kharah M Ross, Sameen Qadir, Lauren Keenan-Devlin, Adam K Leigh, Paula Ham, Jeffrey Ma, Jesusa M G Arevalo, Linda M Ernst, Steve W Cole
Children from economically disadvantaged families experience worse cognitive, psychiatric, and medical outcomes compared to more affluent youth. Preclinical models suggest some of the adverse influence of disadvantage could be transmitted during gestation via maternal immune activation, but this hypothesis has not been tested in humans. It also remains unclear whether prenatal interventions can mitigate such effects. To fill these gaps, we conducted two studies. Study 1 characterized the socioeconomic conditions of 79 women during pregnancy...
April 20, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
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