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Oligospermia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511670/onco-testicular-sperm-extraction-onco-tese-for-bilateral-testicular-tumors-two-case-reports
#1
Sohgo Tsutsumi, Takashi Kawahara, Teppei Takeshima, Sawako Chiba, Koichi Uemura, Masako Otani, Kota Shimokihara, Yutaro Hayashi, Taku Mochizuki, Daiji Takamoto, Yusuke Hattori, Jun-Ichi Teranishi, Yasuhide Miyoshi, Masahiro Yao, Yoshiaki Inayama, Yasushi Yumura, Hiroji Uemura
BACKGROUND: Most patients with testicular cancer are infertile; thus, the preservation of the sperm after surgery is an important factor to consider. We report two cases of bilateral testicular cancer in patients who underwent bilateral higher orchiectomy and simultaneous testicular sperm extraction. CASE PRESENTATION: Two Asian-Japanese men were referred to our hospital with bilateral testicular tumors. Both of the patients were preoperatively diagnosed with azoospermia and requested testicular sperm extraction at the time of higher orchiectomy...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486688/risk-of-diabetes-according-to-male-factor-infertility-a-register-based-cohort-study
#2
Clara Helene Glazer, Jens Peter Bonde, Aleksander Giwercman, Ditte Vassard, Anja Pinborg, Lone Schmidt, Elvira Vaclavik Bräuner
STUDY QUESTION: Is male factor infertility associated with an increased risk of developing diabetes? SUMMARY ANSWER: The study provides evidence that male factor infertility may predict later occurrence of diabetes mellitus with the risk being related to the severity of the underlying fertility problem. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Previous cross-sectional studies have shown an increased prevalence of comorbidities among infertile men when compared to controls...
May 9, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444774/protective-effect-of-l-carnitine-and-l-arginine-against-busulfan-induced-oligospermia-in-adult-rat
#3
A M Abd-Elrazek, O A H Ahmed-Farid
Busulfan is an anticancer drug caused variety of adverse effects for patients with cancer. But it could cause damage to the male reproductive system as one of its adverse effects. This study aimed to investigate the protective effect of L-carnitine and L-arginine on semen quality, oxidative stress parameters and testes cell energy after busulfan treatment. Adult male rats were divided into four groups: control (Con), busulfan (Bus), busulfan plus L-arginine (Bus + L-arg) and busulfan plus L-carnitine (Bus + L-car)...
April 25, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444255/effect-of-cranial-irradiation-on-sperm-concentration-of-adult-survivors-of-childhood-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-a-report-from-the-st-jude-lifetime-cohort-study%C3%A2
#4
Daniel M Green, Liang Zhu, Mingjuan Wang, Wassim Chemaitilly, DeoKumar Srivastava, William H Kutteh, Raymond W Ke, Charles A Sklar, Ching-Hon Pui, Larry E Kun, Raul C Ribeiro, Leslie L Robison, Melissa M Hudson
STUDY QUESTION: Does lower dose (<26 Gy) cranial radiation therapy (CRT) used for central nervous system prophylaxis in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) adversely affect sperm concentration or morphology? SUMMARY ANSWER: CRT doses <26 Gy had no demonstrable adverse effect on sperm concentration or morphology. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Treatment with alkylating agents produces oligospermia and azoospermia in some patients. No prior study has been large enough to evaluate the independent effects of alkylating agents and lower dose (<26 Gy) CRT on sperm concentration or morphology...
June 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440964/effect-of-b9-and-b12-vitamin-intake-on-semen-parameters-and-fertility-of-men-with-mthfr-polymorphisms
#5
R Najafipour, S Moghbelinejad, A Aleyasin, A Jalilvand
The methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene codes a crucial enzyme which involve in folate metabolism. The effect of MTHFR gene polymorphisms on male fertility status is uncertain and controversial. We evaluated the effect of B vitamin family intake on total homocysteine content and semen parameters of men with MTHFR gene polymorphisms. MTHFR genotypes frequency and serum total homocysteine concentration were measured among 280 men with impaired spermatogenesis (asthenospermia, oligospermia, severe oligospermia and azoospermia) and 85 control participants...
April 25, 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367414/the-prevalence-of-y-chromosome-microdeletions-in-iranian-infertile-men-with-azoospermia-and-severe-oligospermia
#6
Fahimeh Asadi, Mohammad Ali Sadighi Gilani, Azadeh Ghaheri, Javad Roodgar Saffari, Mohammadreza Zamanian
OBJECTIVE: Microdeletions of the Y chromosome long arm are the most common molecular genetic causes of severe infertility in men. They affect three regions including azoospermia factors (AZFa, AZFb and AZFc), which contain various genes involved in spermatogenesis. The aim of the present study was to reveal the patterns of Y chromosome microdeletions in Iranian infertile men referred to Royan Institute with azoospermia/ severe oligospermia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Through a cross-sectional study, 1885 infertile men referred to Royan Institute with azoospermia/severe oligospermia were examined for Y chromosome microdeletions from March 2012 to March 2014...
April 2017: Cell Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341418/a-novel-y-chromosome-microdeletion-potentially-associated-with-defective-spermatogenesis-identified-by-custom-array-comparative-genome-hybridization
#7
Tianwen He, Xiangzhong Zhang, Hua Deng, Weiping Zhou, Xin Zhao, Hui Zhao, Jian Lu, Yichun Zheng, Changbin Zhang, Liang Zhang, Aihua Yin
Male infertility is a major health problem worldwide. Oligospermia and azoospermia are the most common symptoms of this disorder. Despite recent advances, the aetiopathogenesis of defective spermatogenesis remains largely uncertain. The aim of this study is to discover unknown or novel chromosome aberrations associated with male reproductive failure. We developed a high-resolution custom array comparative genomic hybridization for initial screening of copy number variations in 10 patients with idiopathic oligozoospermia and azoospermia and eight normal fertile men...
January 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330469/preclinical-evaluation-of-a-tex101-protein-elisa-test-for-the-differential-diagnosis-of-male-infertility
#8
Dimitrios Korbakis, Christina Schiza, Davor Brinc, Antoninus Soosaipillai, Theano D Karakosta, Christine Légaré, Robert Sullivan, Brendan Mullen, Keith Jarvi, Eleftherios P Diamandis, Andrei P Drabovich
BACKGROUND: TEX101 is a cell membrane protein exclusively expressed by testicular germ cells and shed into seminal plasma. We previously verified human TEX101 as a biomarker for the differential diagnosis of azoospermia, and developed a first-of-its-kind TEX101 ELISA. To demonstrate the clinical utility of TEX101, in this work we aimed at evaluating ELISA performance in a large population of fertile, subfertile, and infertile men. METHODS: Mass spectrometry, size-exclusion chromatography, ultracentrifugation, and immunohistochemistry were used to characterize TEX101 protein as an analyte in seminal plasma...
March 23, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324326/the-impact-of-fabry-disease-on-reproductive-fitness
#9
Dawn A Laney, Virginia Clarke, Allison Foley, Eric W Hall, Scott E Gillespie, Myrl Holida, Morgan Simmons, Alexandrea Wadley
Fabry disease (FD) is a pan-ethnic, X-linked, progressive lysosomal storage disorder caused by pathogenic mutations in the GLA gene. Published case reports and abstracts suggest that decreased reproductive fitness may occur in males with FD. In order to understand the impact of FD on reproductive fitness and increase the accuracy of reproductive genetic counseling, this study examines a large, multi-centered population of individuals with FD to determine if males have reduced reproductive fitness. Study data were collected on 376 patients through two, gender-specific surveys distributed across the United States and Canada...
March 22, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271655/use-of-electroacupuncture-and-transcutaneous-electrical-acupoint-stimulation-in-reproductive-medicine-a-group-consensus
#10
Fan Qu, Rong Li, Wei Sun, Ge Lin, Rong Zhang, Jing Yang, Li Tian, Guo-Gang Xing, Hui Jiang, Fei Gong, Xiao-Yan Liang, Yan Meng, Jia-Yin Liu, Li-Ying Zhou, Shu-Yu Wang, Yan Wu, Yi-Jing He, Jia-Yu Ye, Song-Ping Han, Ji-Sheng Han
With the rapid development of assisted reproductive technology, various reproductive disorders have been effectively addressed. Acupuncture-like therapies, including electroacupuncture (EA) and transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS), become more popular world-wide. Increasing evidence has demonstrated that EA and TEAS are effective in treating gynecological disorders, especially infertility. This present paper describes how to select acupoints for the treatment of infertility from the view of theories of traditional Chinese medicine and how to determine critical parameters of electric pulses of EA/TEAS based on results from animal and clinical studies...
2017: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161937/gonadal-and-sexual-dysfunction-in-childhood-cancer-survivors
#11
Ju Young Yoon, Hyeon Jin Park, Hee Young Ju, Jong Hyung Yoon, Jin Soo Chung, Sang Hyun Hwang, Dong Ock Lee, Hye Young Shim, Byung-Kiu Park
Purpose: Few studies have addressed gonadal and sexual dysfunctions in childhood cancer survivors. We evaluated the prevalence rates and risk factors for gonadal failure among adolescent/young adult childhood cancer survivors and their sexual function. Materials and Methods: Subjects were childhood cancer survivors aged 15-29 years who had completed therapy more than two years ago. Demographic and medical characteristics were obtained from the patients' medical records...
January 25, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127436/sperm-quality-and-paternal-age-effect-on-blastocyst-formation-and-pregnancy-rates
#12
Aurélie Chapuis, Anna Gala, Alice Ferrières-Hoa, Tiffany Mullet, Sophie Bringer-Deutsch, Emmanuelle Vintejoux, Antoine Torre, Samir Hamamah
BACKGROUND: Several studies suggest a decrease in sperm quality in men in the last decades. Therefore, the aim of this work was to assess the influence of male factors (sperm quality and paternal age) on the outcomes of conventional in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). METHODS: This retrospective study included all couples who underwent IVF or ICSI at Montpellier University Hospital, France, between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2015...
2017: Basic and Clinical Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102433/advanced-forensic-validation-for-human-spermatozoa-identification-using-sperm-hy-liter%C3%A2-express-with-quantitative-image-analysis
#13
Ayari Takamura, Ken Watanabe, Tomoko Akutsu
Identification of human semen is indispensable for the investigation of sexual assaults. Fluorescence staining methods using commercial kits, such as the series of SPERM HY-LITER™ kits, have been useful to detect human sperm via strong fluorescence. These kits have been examined from various forensic aspects. However, because of a lack of evaluation methods, these studies did not provide objective, or quantitative, descriptions of the results nor clear criteria for the decisions reached. In addition, the variety of validations was considerably limited...
January 19, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935918/study-of-infertile-couples-attending-a-teaching-hospital-in-eastern-nepal
#14
S Subedi, S Lamichhane, M Chhetry
INTRODUCTION: Infertility is a global health issue and a socially destabilizing condition for couples with several stigmas including medical, social, psychological burdens and a marital disharmony. The aim was to study the incidence of infertility in couples attending outdoor of Nobel Medical College and to know the contributing factors among the infertile couples. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was carried out in the outpatient department of a teaching hospital July 2015-June 2016, where the incidence of infertility and the contributing factors for the same were evaluated...
July 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812445/relationship-between-azfc-deletions-and-testicular-histology-in-infertile-south-chinese-men-with-azoospermia-and-severe-oligospermia
#15
Quan Li, Ning-Hong Song, Wen-Zhou Cao, Qiang Shao, Jian-Jun Xie, Chao Liu, Ya-Min Wang, Hua Shen
BACKGROUND: The AZFc deletion has been associated with wide range of phenotypes including complete absence of germ cells in the testes (SCOS), reduction in germ cells hypospermatogenesis, and maturation arrest. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between AZFc microdeletions and testicular histology in South Chinese men with azoospermia or severe oligospermia. FINDINGS: 338 men presenting with idiopathic non-obstructive azoospermia or severe oligospermia were evaluated between March 2012 and April 2015...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808367/translocation-breakpoints-of-chromosome-1-in-male-carriers-clinical-features-and-implications-for-genetic-counseling
#16
R X Wang, H G Zhang, Y Pan, S Chen, F G Yue, D L Zhu, R Z Liu
Reciprocal translocation is closely associated with male infertility and recurrent miscarriages. Balanced reciprocal translocations associated with reproductive failures are predominantly observed on chromosome 1. Additionally, infertile male patients present a number of breakpoints throughout chromosome 1. A translocation breakpoint might interrupt the structure of an important gene, leading to male infertility. Here, we report the breakpoints on chromosome 1 translocation and the clinical features presented in carriers, to enable informed genetic counseling of these patients...
October 5, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798603/zika-virus-infection-damages-the-testes-in-mice
#17
Jennifer Govero, Prabagaran Esakky, Suzanne M Scheaffer, Estefania Fernandez, Andrea Drury, Derek J Platt, Matthew J Gorman, Justin M Richner, Elizabeth A Caine, Vanessa Salazar, Kelle H Moley, Michael S Diamond
Infection of pregnant women with Zika virus (ZIKV) can cause congenital malformations including microcephaly, which has focused global attention on this emerging pathogen. In addition to transmission by mosquitoes, ZIKV can be detected in the seminal fluid of affected males for extended periods of time and transmitted sexually. Here, using a mouse-adapted African ZIKV strain (Dakar 41519), we evaluated the consequences of infection in the male reproductive tract of mice. We observed persistence of ZIKV, but not the closely related dengue virus (DENV), in the testis and epididymis of male mice, and this was associated with tissue injury that caused diminished testosterone and inhibin B levels and oligospermia...
December 15, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754820/an-extended-one-generation-reproductive-toxicity-test-of-1-2-4-triazol-5-one-nto-in-rats
#18
Emily May Lent, Lee C B Crouse, Allison M Jackovitz, Erica E Carroll, Mark S Johnson
Nitrotriazolone (1,2,4-triazol-5-one; NTO), an insensitive, energetic material used in explosive formulations, induced testicular toxicity and oligospermia in repeated-dose oral toxicity tests in rats. To evaluate whether NTO produces additional reproductive and developmental effects, a modified extended one-generation reproductive toxicity test was conducted. Rats were provided ad libitum access to NTO in drinking water at 0-, 144-, 720-, or 3600-mg/L NTO. Treatment of the parental generation began 2 (females) and 4 (males) wk premating and continued until weaning of litters...
2016: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662390/polychlorinated-biphenyls-and-dibenzofurans-increased-abnormal-sperm-morphology-without-alterations-in-aneuploidy-the-yucheng-study
#19
Ping-Chi Hsu, Ming-Chieh Li, Yeu-Chin Lee, Pao-Lin Kuo, Yueliang Leon Guo
In 1979, more than 2000 persons ingested rice oil contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls and polychlorinated dibenzofurans; this event was called the "Yucheng accident." An increased percentage of oligospermia, reduced ability of sperm to penetrate oocytes, and reduced percentage of male offspring were reported in Yucheng men. This study examined whether the sperm sex ratio and chromosome aneuploidy are responsible for our observed findings in Yucheng men. In 1999-2000, Yucheng men and their neighborhood referents aged 37-50 years were recruited for physical examination, followed by semen analysis...
December 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630911/to-evaluate-the-efficacy-of-combination-antioxidant-therapy-on-oxidative-stress-parameters-in-seminal-plasma-in-the-male-infertility
#20
Alpana Singh, Nusrat Jahan, Gita Radhakrishnan, B D Banerjee
INTRODUCTION: Infertility is defined as inability to conceive after 1 year of unprotected intercourse and it affects 7% of male population and 8-10% of couples. According to estimates WHO, 13-19 million couples in India are infertile. Oxidative stress is the causative factor in 25% of infertile males. AIM: To study the efficacy of antioxidant therapy on oxidative stress parameters in seminal plasma of infertile male. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty patients of male infertility were enrolled in study after two abnormal semen analyses reports at 2-3 weeks interval, of oligozoospermia and/or asthenozoospermia, as per WHO guide line 1999...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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