keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Same sex parenting

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899716/behavioral-and-emotional-problems-in-high-functioning-girls-and-boys-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-parents-reports-and-adolescents-self-reports
#1
Ewa Pisula, Monika Pudło, Monika Słowińska, Rafał Kawa, Magdalena Strząska, Anna Banasiak, Tomasz Wolańczyk
The purpose of this study was to investigate sex differences in behavioral and emotional problems in high-functioning girls and boys with autism spectrum disorder. The results obtained by adolescents with autism spectrum disorder were compared with those of typically developing girls and boys. Correlations between parents' and adolescents' ratings were also analyzed. Participants were 35 girls and 35 boys with autism spectrum disorder, aged 11-18 years, matched for chronological age and full-scale IQ. The control group consisted of 24 typically developing girls and 24 boys of the same age and IQ...
November 29, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882858/longitudinal-associations-of-parental-and-peer-influences-with-physical-activity-during-adolescence-findings-from-the-compass-study
#2
E Y Lau, G Faulkner, W Qian, S T Leatherdale
INTRODUCTION: To examine temporal variations in parental and peer influences on adolescent physical activity (PA) and whether these variations predicted changes in PA. METHODS: We analyzed data from Years 1, 2 and 3 of the COMPASS study. Participants were 22 909 students in Grades 9 to 12 (mean age [years] = 15.42 ± 1.12, 46% boys, 85% White), who had completed the following survey items on 2 or more consecutive occasions: age, sex, grade, race/ethnicity, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), parental encouragement and parental instrumental support for PA, and number of active peers...
November 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853561/sex-roles-parental-care-and-offspring-growth-in-two-contrasting-coucal-species
#3
Wolfgang Goymann, Ignas Safari, Christina Muck, Ingrid Schwabl
The decision to provide parental care is often associated with trade-offs, because resources allocated to parental care typically cannot be invested in self-maintenance or mating. In most animals, females provide more parental care than males, but the reason for this pattern is still debated in evolutionary ecology. To better understand sex differences in parental care and its consequences, we need to study closely related species where the sexes differ in offspring care. We investigated parental care in relation to offspring growth in two closely related coucal species that fundamentally differ in sex roles and parental care, but live in the same food-rich habitat with a benign climate and have a similar breeding phenology...
October 2016: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851792/effects-of-divergent-selection-for-fear-of-humans-on-behaviour-in-red-junglefowl
#4
Beatrix Agnvall, Per Jensen
Domestication has caused a range of similar phenotypic changes across taxa, relating to physiology, morphology and behaviour. It has been suggested that this recurring domesticated phenotype may be a result of correlated responses to a central trait, namely increased tameness. We selected Red Junglefowl, the ancestors of domesticated chickens, during five generations for reduced fear of humans. This caused a marked and significant response in tameness, and previous studies have found correlated effects on growth, metabolism, reproduction, and some behaviour not directly selected for...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845196/chronic-fatigue-syndrome-and-chronic-widespread-pain-in-adolescence-population-birth-cohort-study
#5
Tom Norris, Kevin Deere, Jon H Tobias, Esther Crawley
: Whilst many studies have investigated the overlap between pain phenotypes and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) in adults, little is known about the relationship between these conditions in adolescents. The study's aim was therefore to identify whether a relationship exists between chronic widespread pain (CWP) and CFS in adolescents and investigate whether the two share common associations with a set of covariates. A questionnaire was administered to offspring of the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children at age 17, asking about site, duration, and pain intensity, from which participants with CWP were identified...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822607/adequacy-of-using-a-three-item-questionnaire-to-determine-zygosity-in-chinese-young-twins
#6
Connie Suk-Han Ho, Mo Zheng, Bonnie Wing-Yin Chow, Simpson W L Wong, Cadmon K P Lim, Mary M Y Waye
The present study examined the adequacy of a three-item parent questionnaire in determining the zygosity of young Chinese twins and whether there was any association between parent response accuracy and some demographic variables. The sample consisted of 334 pairs of same-sex Chinese twins aged from 3 to 11 years. Three scoring methods, namely the summed score, logistic regression, and decision tree, were employed to evaluate parent response accuracy of twin zygosity based on single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) information...
November 7, 2016: Behavior Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820621/association-of-anesthesia-and-surgery-during-childhood-with-long-term-academic-performance
#7
Pia Glatz, Rolf H Sandin, Nancy L Pedersen, Anna-Karin Bonamy, Lars I Eriksson, Fredrik Granath
Importance: The results of preclinical studies suggest that anesthetic drugs administered to neonatal animals cause widespread neuronal apoptosis and later neurocognitive impairment. Adequately powered studies in the pediatric surgical population are scarce, and it is unclear whether such preclinical findings are relevant for the pediatric setting. Objective: To examine the association of anesthesia and surgery before age 4 years with long-term academic and cognitive performance indexed by school grades at age 16 years and IQ test scores at military conscription...
November 7, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777744/bacteria-type-specific-biparental-immune-priming-in-the-pipefish-syngnathus-typhle
#8
Anne Beemelmanns, Olivia Roth
The transfer of acquired and specific immunity against previously encountered bacteria from mothers to offspring boosts the immune response of the next generation and supports the development of a successful pathogen defense. While most studies claim that the transfer of immunity is a maternal trait, in the sex-role-reversed pipefish Syngnathus typhle, fathers nurse the embryos over a placenta-like structure, which opens the door for additional paternal immune priming. We examined the potential and persistence of bacteria-type-specific parental immune priming in the pipefish S...
September 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776739/deleterious-effects-in-reproduction-and-developmental-immunity-elicited-by-pulmonary-iron-oxide-nanoparticles
#9
Eun-Jung Park, Uiseok Jeong, Younghun Kim, Byoung-Seok Lee, Myung-Haing Cho, You-Seok Go
With the extensive application of iron oxide nanoparticles (FeNPs), attention about their potential risks to human health is also rapidly raising, particularly in sensitive subgroups such as pregnant women and babies. In this study, we a single instilled intratracheally FeNPs (1, 2, and 4mg/kg) to the male and female parent mice, mated, then assessed reproductive toxicity according to the modified OECD TG 421. During the pre-mating period (14 days), two female parent mice died at 4mg/kg dose, and the body weight gain dose-dependently decreased in male and female parent mice exposed to FeNPs...
January 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774234/in-vitro-gametogenesis-just-another-way-to-have-a-baby
#10
Sonia M Suter
Advances in science have made possible the derivation of reproductively viable gametes in vitro from mice. The research on human cells suggests that in vitro gametogenesis ("IVG") with reproductive potential may one day be possible with humans. This technology would allow same-sex couples to have children who are biologically related to both of them; allow single individuals to procreate without the genetic contribution of another individual; and facilitate "multiplex" parenting, where groups of more than two individuals procreate together, producing children who are the genetic progeny of them all...
April 2016: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768531/factors-associated-with-relationship-dissolution-and-post-dissolution-adjustment-among-lesbian-adoptive-couples
#11
Rachel H Farr
Same-sex adoptive couples are increasingly visible, yet few studies have addressed relationship stability and dissolution among these couples. In this study, using a theoretical framework based on Investment Models and Vulnerability-Stress-Adaptation Theory, factors associated with dissolution and post-dissolution adjustment among 27 lesbian adoptive couples were examined across two points. At Wave 1, all 27 couples were together; children were on average 3 years old. Results revealed that nearly one third broke up over 5 years (between Waves 1 and 2)...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764108/identification-and-characterization-of-vni-vnii-and-novel-vnii-vniv-hybrids-and-impact-of-hybridization-on-virulence-and-antifungal-susceptibility-within-the-c-neoformans-c-gattii-species-complex
#12
Mojgan Aminnejad, Massimo Cogliati, Shuyao Duan, Michael Arabatzis, Kathrin Tintelnot, Elizabeth Castañeda, Marcia Lazéra, Aristea Velegraki, David Ellis, Tania C Sorrell, Wieland Meyer
Cryptococcus neoformans and C. gattii are pathogenic basidiomycetous yeasts and the commonest cause of fungal infection of the central nervous system. Cryptococci are typically haploid but several inter-species, inter-varietal and intra-varietal hybrids have been reported. It has a bipolar mating system with sexual reproduction occurring normally between two individuals with opposite mating types, α and a. This study set out to characterize hybrid isolates within the C. neoformans/C. gattii species complex: seven unisexual mating intra-varietal VNI/VNII (αAAα) and six novel inter-varietal VNII/VNIV (aADα)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762565/does-parental-sexual-orientation-matter-a-longitudinal-follow-up-of-adoptive-families-with-school-age-children
#13
Rachel H Farr
Controversy continues to surround parenting by lesbian and gay (LG) adults and outcomes for their children. As sexual minority parents increasingly adopt children, longitudinal research about child development, parenting, and family relationships is crucial for informing such debates. In the psychological literature, family systems theory contends that children's healthy development depends upon healthy family functioning more so than family structure. From the framework of family stress theory, it was expected that longitudinal outcomes for school-age children adopted in infancy could be distinct among those with same-sex versus other-sex parents (N = 96 families)...
October 20, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746749/relevant-sex-appeals-in-advertising-gender-and-commitment-context-differences
#14
Even J Lanseng
This research investigates differences in men's and women's attitudes toward ads featuring product-relevant sex appeals. It is found that women, but not men, were more negative toward an ad featuring an attractive opposite-sex model when their commitment thoughts were heightened. Women were also more negative toward an ad with an attractive same-sex model in the presence of commitment thoughts, but only when they scored high on sociosexuality. Men appeared unaffected, regardless of their level of sociosexuality...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736371/attitudes-toward-same-sex-parenting-an-effect-of-gender
#15
Stephanie N Webb
The definition of family in Australia has been continuously changing over the past four decades. The 21st century has brought with it various images of family, with an increase of awareness to same-sex families; however, the acceptance of such family structures does not appear to be widespread and is often determined by sex. Substantive literature demonstrates differences between men and women in attitudes toward same-sex parenting, with theory suggesting that gender role norms may explain this. Despite large efforts to determine sex differences in attitudes toward same-sex parenting, little research, and even less in Australia, has been done to investigate whether there are differences in reasons behind negative attitudes toward same-sex parenting between men and women...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731970/gender-and-sexual-health-same-sex-relationships
#16
James Conniff
A transformation in legal and cultural attitudes toward same-sex relationships is under way nationwide. As same-sex marriage has become legal, the unique social and medicolegal issues faced by individuals in same-sex relationships are evolving rapidly. National organizations have published recommendations for making clinical environments more inclusive of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and queer (LGBQ) individuals and their families. Medical issues for patients in same-sex relationships include a higher risk of HIV infection for men who have sex with men (a majority of new cases of HIV infection occur within relationships), higher rates of obesity among women who have sex with women, and disproportionately high rates of mental health issues and alcohol and drug use...
October 2016: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727324/death-of-a-close-relative-and-the-risk-of-suicide-in-sweden-a-large-scale-register-based-case-crossover-study
#17
Hanna Mogensen, Jette Möller, Hanna Hultin, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz
BACKGROUND: Bereavement is thought to be a risk factor for suicide but the association has not been thoroughly investigated according to specific sensitive time periods and risk groups using a self-matched design. We aimed to 1) determine the risk of suicide within the first year after death of a close relative, 2) investigate if and how the risk changes within this time window and 3) determine if sex, age, and type of relationship, affect this association. METHODS: A self-matched, case-crossover study was performed by linking Swedish registers...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718220/discrimination-internalized-homonegativity-and-attitudes-toward-children-of-same-sex-parents-can-secure-attachment-buffer-against-stigma-internalization
#18
Leora Trub, Ella Quinlan, Tyrel J Starks, Lisa Rosenthal
With increasing numbers of same-sex couples raising children in the United States, discriminatory attitudes toward children of same-sex parents (ACSSP) are of increasing concern. As with other forms of stigma and discrimination, lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals are at risk for internalizing these societal attitudes, which can negatively affect parenting-related decisions and behaviors and the mental and physical health of their children. Secure attachment is characterized by positive views of the self as loveable and worthy of care that are understood to develop in early relationships with caregivers...
October 8, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709970/social-support-and-coparenting-among-lesbian-gay-and-heterosexual-adoptive-parents
#19
Jason Sumontha, Rachel H Farr, Charlotte J Patterson
In this study, we examined associations between qualities of families' social contexts and experiences of coparenting. In a sample of 92 adoptive families, we assessed perceived social support among 23 lesbian, 28 gay, and 41 heterosexual adoptive parent families and its association with parents' perceptions of their coparenting alliances. Results showed that parents in same- and other-sex couples reported receiving similar amounts of social support from family, friends, and significant others. Perceived social support was positively associated with stronger coparenting alliance among all family types...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686977/deaths-of-children-aged-under-5-years-and-related-factors-in-the-islamic-republic-of-iran-a-populationbased-case-control-study
#20
A Evazpoor, A Edalati, E Hyppönen, M Fararouei, Z Parisai
The study was conducted to determine the family, social and economic factors associated with deaths of children aged under 5 years. A registry-based nested case-control study was conducted of the deaths of all children aged under 5 years in Kohgilooyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province in the Islamic Republic of Iran. For each death, two controls were randomly selected among children of the same age, sex and place of residence (186 cases and 372 controls). Congenital abnormality (37.6%) and preterm birth (29.0%) were the two most frequent causes of death among children aged under 5 years...
2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
keyword
keyword
69552
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"