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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441103/perceptions-of-abusive-parenting-behaviors-a-preliminary-exploration-into-the-underrecognition-of-mother-daughter-sexual-abuse
#1
Christine J Hatchard, Jamie L Goodwin, Eryn Siddall, Lauren Muniz
The current study examined the influence of the sex of the parent and the sex of the child on perceptions of sexually abusive behaviors. Vignettes illustrating different forms of sexual abuse were rated by 124 participants, with the different parent-child pairs (mother-daughter, mother-son, father-daughter, father-son) substituted into the vignettes being the only difference between groups. Two-way between subjects ANOVAs revealed that sexually abusive behaviors by mothers were perceived as less damaging to child victims (F (1, 120 = 7...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425218/recurrence-of-congenital-heart-defects-among-siblings-a-nationwide-study
#2
Kristoffer Brodwall, Gottfried Greve, Elisabeth Leirgul, Grethe S Tell, Stein E Vollset, Nina Øyen
Congenital heart defects (CHD) constitute the largest group of congenital malformations. In most families, only one person has CHD; however, the risk of CHD increases for children born into families already affected. In this study, all births from 1994 through 2009 were identified in the Medical Birth Registry of Norway, including supplemental information on CHD from clinical and administrative registers, as part of the CVDNOR project. By using the unique personal identification number of each parent we were able to link 16,078 pairs of twins, 445,584 pairs of full siblings, and 106,840 pairs of half-siblings...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401924/the-human-coparental-bond-implicates-distinct-corticostriatal-pathways-longitudinal-impact-on-family-formation-and-child-well-being
#3
Eyal Abraham, Gadi Gilam, Yaniv Kanat-Maymon, Yael Jacob, Orna Zagoory-Sharon, Talma Hendler, Ruth Feldman
Alloparental care, the cooperative care of offspring by group members other than the biological mother, has been widely practiced since early hominin evolution to increase infant survival and thriving. The coparental bond-a relationship of solidarity and commitment between two adults who join their effort to care for children- is a central contributor to children's well-being and sociality; yet, the neural basis of coparenting has not been studied in humans. Here, we followed 84 first-time co-parents (42 couples) across the first six years of family formation, including opposite-sex and same-sex couples, measured brain response to coparental stimuli, observed collaborative and undermining coparental behaviors in infancy and preschool, assayed oxytocin (OT) and vasopressin (AVP), and measured coparenting and child behavior problems at six years...
April 12, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390880/population-genetic-models-of-sex-limited-genomic-imprinting
#4
S Thomas Kelly, Hamish G Spencer
Genomic imprinting is a form of epigenetic modification involving parent-of-origin-dependent gene expression, usually the inactivation of one gene copy in some tissues, at least, for some part of the diploid life cycle. Occurring at a number of loci in mammals and flowering plants, this mode of non-Mendelian expression can be viewed more generally as parentally-specific differential gene expression. The effects of natural selection on genetic variation at imprinted loci have previously been examined in a several population-genetic models...
April 5, 2017: Theoretical Population Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371167/long-term-sexual-health-outcomes-in-men-with-classic-bladder-exstrophy
#5
Timothy S Baumgartner, Kathy M Lue, Pokket Sirisreetreerux, Sarita Metzger, Ross G Everett, Sunil S Reddy, Ezekiel Young, Uzoma A Anele, Cameron E Alexander, Nilay M Gandhi, Heather N Di Carlo, John P Gearhart
OBJECTIVES: To identify the long-term sexual health outcomes and relationships in men born with classic bladder exstrophy (CBE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospectively-maintained institutional database comprised of 1248 patients with exstrophy-epispadias was utilized. Male patients 18 years or older with CBE were included. A 42-question survey was designed utilizing a combination of demographic information and previously validated questionnaires. RESULTS: A total of 215 men inclusion criteria, of which 113 (53%) completed the questionnaire...
March 31, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369128/evidence-for-ontogenetically-and-morphologically-distinct-alternative-reproductive-tactics-in-the-invasive-round-goby-neogobius-melanostomus
#6
Katinka Bleeker, Karen de Jong, Nils van Kessel, Camilla A Hinde, Leopold A J Nagelkerke
Alternative reproductive tactics are characterized by the occurrence of discrete alternative morphs that differ in behavioural, morphological and physiological traits within the same sex. Although much effort has been made to describe the behaviour, morphology and physiology of such alternative morphs, less effort has been invested investigating how much overlap there is in the characteristics of such morphs in natural populations. We studied random population samples of the invasive Round Goby Neogobius melanostomus from five different localities in the river Rhine system in the Netherlands...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359742/increased-vasopressin-expression-in-the-bnst-accompanies-paternally-induced-territoriality-in-male-and-female-california-mouse-offspring
#7
Christine N Yohn, Amanda B Leithead, Elizabeth A Becker
While developmental consequences of parental investment on species-typical social behaviors has been extensively characterized in same-sex parent-offspring interactions, the impact of opposite-sex relationships is less clear. In the bi-parental California mouse (Peromyscus californicus), paternal retrieval behavior induces territorial aggression and the expression of arginine vasopressin (AVP) in adult male offspring. Although similar patterns of territorially emerge among females, the sexually dimorphic AVP system has not been considered since it is generally thought to regulate male-typical behavior...
April 24, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349198/benign-neonatal-deep-hypothermia-in-rodents-and-its-relations-to-hibernation
#8
Richard W Hill
The neonates of many rodent species survive deep hypothermia (T b = 0-8 °C). In key respects, this hypothermia is more akin to hibernation than was thought during much of the twentieth century, indicating that studies of neonatal hypothermia may usefully supplement studies of hibernation in understanding evolved tissue adaptations to near-freezing T b. To clarify evolutionary diversity in neonatal survival of deep hypothermia, neonates of six species or strains were subjected to a standardized procedure: exposure for 2...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. B, Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335728/allelic-incompatibility-can-explain-female-biased-sex-ratios-in-dioecious-plants
#9
Pascal Pucholt, Henrik R Hallingbäck, Sofia Berlin
BACKGROUND: Biased sex ratios are common among dioecious plant species despite the theoretical prediction of selective advantage of even sex ratios. Albeit the high prevalence of deviations from even sex ratios, the genetic causes to sex biases are rarely known outside of a few model species. Here we present a mechanism underlying the female biased sex ratio in the dioecious willow species Salix viminalis. RESULTS: We compared the segregation pattern of genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphism markers in two contrasting bi-parental pedigree populations, the S3 with even sex ratio and the S5 with a female biased sex ratio...
March 23, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332944/homosexuality-religion-and-the-family-the-effects-of-religion-on-americans-appraisals-of-the-parenting-abilities-of-same-sex-couples
#10
Andrew L Whitehead
While a growing body of research focuses on Americans' attitudes toward same-sex couples as parents, very few include measures of religion and those that do fail to capture its multidimensional nature. Furthermore, many past studies rely on convenience samples of college students, or samples gathered outside the United States. Multivariate analyses of the 2012 General Social Survey-a nationally representative sample of adults in the United States-reveal that a slim majority of Americans still do not believe same-sex couples can parent as well as male-female couples and the religious beliefs, behaviors, and affiliations of Americans are significantly and at times differentially associated with appraisals of same-sex couples' parenting abilities...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330393/exercise-habits-are-important-for-the-mental-health-of-children-in-fukushima-after-the-fukushima-daiichi-disaster
#11
Shuntaro Itagaki, Mayumi Harigane, Masaharu Maeda, Seiji Yasumura, Yuriko Suzuki, Hirobumi Mashiko, Masato Nagai, Tetsuya Ohira, Hirooki Yabe
After the Great East Japan Earthquake and the subsequent nuclear reactor accident, the outdoor activities of children greatly decreased. We investigated adverse effects on the exercise habits and mental health of children after the disaster. The target subjects were children aged 6 to 15 years living inside the government-designated evacuation zone as of March 11, 2011 (n = 29  585). The subjects' parents/guardians completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and exercise habit data were obtained from the 2011 Fukushima Health Management Survey...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330092/development-of-molecular-method-for-sex-identification-in-date-palm-phoenix-dactylifera-l-plantlets-using-novel-sex-linked-microsatellite-markers
#12
Maryam, Muhammad Jafar Jaskani, Faisal Saeed Awan, Saeed Ahmad, Iqrar A Khan
Microsatellite markers containing simple sequence repeats (SSRs) are a valuable tool for genetic analysis. Date palm is a dioecious and slow flowering and is very difficult to identify the gender of the trees until it reaches the reproductive age (5-10 years). A total of 12 microsatellite primers were used with 30 date palm samples, 14 parents (8 male + 6 females) and 16 progeny (developed from parents breeding) which showed that microsatellites were highly polymorphic, having a great number of alleles. A total of 124 alleles were characterized in 12 SSR loci...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323506/emotional-and-psychosocial-factors-associated-with-drunkenness-and-the-use-of-tobacco-and-cannabis-in-adolescence-independent-or-interactive-effects
#13
Irene García-Moya, María José Ortiz Barón, Carmen Moreno
BACKGROUND: Although previous research has examined emotional and psychosocial factors associated with substance use, there is a paucity of studies examining both at the same time, and insufficient attention has been paid to how these factors may interact. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to simultaneously examine the contributions from emotional (emotional control and depression) and psychosocial (peers' conventional behavior, peers' substance use and parent-child relationships) factors to drunkenness and the use of tobacco and cannabis in adolescence...
March 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320473/which-neural-mechanisms-mediate-the-effects-of-a-parenting-intervention-program-on-parenting-behavior-design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Laura Kolijn, Saskia Euser, Bianca G van den Bulk, Renske Huffmeijer, Marinus H van IJzendoorn, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg
BACKGROUND: The Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting and Sensitive Discipline (VIPP-SD) has proven effective in increasing parental sensitivity. However, the mechanisms involved are largely unknown. In a randomized controlled trial we examine parental neurocognitive factors that may mediate the intervention effects on parenting behavior. Our aims are to (1) examine whether the intervention influences parents' neural processing of children's emotional expressions and the neural precursors of response inhibition and to (2) test whether neural changes mediate intervention effects on parenting behavior...
March 21, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290645/preventive-health-care-for-women-who-have-sex-with-women
#15
Daniel A Knight, Diane Jarrett
Despite recent shifts in societal attitudes toward same-sex relationships, women who have sex with women face a variety of barriers to optimal health, including a history of negatively perceived interactions in clinical settings that lead them to delay or avoid health care. Women who have sex with women may be at disproportionate risk of obesity, tobacco use, substance use, mental health issues, intimate partner violence, sexually transmitted infections, and some cancers. Disparities can exist throughout the lifetime...
March 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289230/cross-cousin-marriage-among-the-yanomam%C3%A3-shows-evidence-of-parent-offspring-conflict-and-mate-competition-between-brothers
#16
Napoleon A Chagnon, Robert F Lynch, Mary K Shenk, Raymond Hames, Mark V Flinn
Marriage in many traditional societies often concerns the institutionalized exchange of reproductive partners among groups of kin. Such exchanges most often involve cross-cousins-marriage with the child of a parent's opposite-sex sibling-but it is unclear who benefits from these exchanges. Here we analyze the fitness consequences of marrying relatives among the Yanomamö from the Amazon. When individuals marry close kin, we find that (i) both husbands and wives have slightly lower fertility; (ii) offspring suffer from inbreeding depression; (iii) parents have more grandchildren; and (iv) siblings, especially brothers, benefit when their opposite-sex siblings marry relatives but not when their same-sex siblings do...
March 28, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286402/retrospective-basic-parent-child-communication-difficulties-and-risk-of-depression-in-deaf-adults
#17
Poorna Kushalnagar, Sheila Bruce, Tina Sutton, Irene W Leigh
This paper describes the relationship between retrospective communication difficulties and current depressive symptomatology. A total of 143 deaf/hard-of-hearing late adolescents and adults (64 % White; 55 % female) completed questionnaires related to parent communication, language history and current psychological functioning. Logistic regression models were used to estimate the likelihood of having depression that is associated with understanding parents' communication after controlling for gender, hearing level, and language history...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266086/how-much-impact-do-gains-in-height-have-on-shoulder-breadths-within-taiwanese-families
#18
Bruce Floyd
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates allometric changes in shoulder breadths relative to changes in stature arising from rapidly changing developmental circumstances within 107 Taiwanese families. It speaks to broader issues related to the extent of phenotypic plasticity of body breadths humans are capable of in response to reductions in developmental stressors. METHODS: An examination of relationships between shoulder breadth and height within individuals in each generation was followed by evaluation of patterns of difference between same-sex parent-offspring pairs in height and shoulder breadth...
March 7, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261120/the-desire-of-parenthood-intuitive-co-parental-behaviors-and-quality-of-couple-relationship-among-italian-and-belgian-same-sex-and-opposite-sex-couples
#19
Marina Miscioscia, Adelaide Blavier, Paolo R Pagone, Alessandra Simonelli
Studies that focused on family issues have allowed a great understanding of the aspects related to its subsystems, such as parenting desire and its expectations, couples' satisfaction and quality of child's outcomes. All these aspects are greatly interconnected and contribute to the creation of specific family dynamics, such as the quality of family interactions. The present study focuses on intuitive co-parental behaviors and the quality of couple relationship observed during the decision process (intention and desire) to be (or become) parents...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260914/helicobacter-pylori-infection-is-not-associated-with-failure-to-thrive-a-case-control-study
#20
Nan-Chang Chiu, Chien-Yu Lin, Hsin Chi, Chun-Yan Yeung, Wei-Hsin Ting, Wai-Tao Chan, Chuen-Bin Jiang, Sung-Tse Li, Chao-Hsu Lin, Hung-Chang Lee
PURPOSE: The long-term impact of Helicobacter pylori infection is complex, and concerns about the need for eradication exist. We conducted this case control study to investigate the association between H. pylori infection and failure to thrive (FTT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 2009 to December 2011, 53 children with FTT group and matched children with the same sex and age and similar socioeconomic status without FTT (control group) were enrolled. A questionnaire was administered to the parents/guardian, and a (13)C-urea breath test was performed to detect H...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
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