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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624678/the-relationships-between-father-involvement-and-parental-acceptance-on-the-psychological-adjustment-of-children-and-adolescents-the-moderating-effects-of-clinical-status
#1
Mercedes Rodríguez Ruiz, Francisco Pablo Holgado-Tello, Miguel Ángel Carrasco
This study analyzes how a child's clinical condition modifies the relationship of father involvement, parental (fathers and mothers) acceptance and the child´s psychological adjustment, including the internalizing and externalizing problems. The cohort studied was composed of 226 subjects (61.94% males) with a mean age of 14.08 years, of which 113 children were from an incidental clinical sample and 113 from the general population. Both groups were matched by sex, age and family status, and the data show that the same structure of parent-child relationships that predict the child´s psychological adjustment can be accepted for both the clinical and non-clinical groups of children...
June 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621958/-biomedical-perspective-of-the-surrogate-motherhood
#2
Nicolás Jouve de la Barreda
The subrogated motherhood takes place when an embryo created by in vitro fertilization (IVF) technology is implanted in a surrogate, sometimes called a gestational mother, by means a contract with her. It can imply to natural families (woman and man) with or without infertility problems, or to monoparental or biparental families of the same sex. Concerning the origin of the gametes used in the IVF emerges different implications on the genetic relationship of the resulting child with the surrogate and the future parents...
May 2017: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599766/plastic-and-immobile-unequal-intergenerational-mobility-by-genetic-sensitivity-score-within-sibling-pairs
#3
Emily Rauscher
Contrary to traditional biological arguments, the differential susceptibility model suggests genotype may moderate rather than mediate parent-child economic similarity. Using family fixed effects models of Add Health sibling data, I investigate the relationship between an index of sensitive genotypes and intergenerational mobility. Full, same sex sibling comparisons hold constant parental characteristics and address the non-random distribution of genotype that reduces internal validity in nationally representative samples...
July 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582824/metabolic-syndrome-in-korean-adolescents-and-young-adult-offspring-and-their-parents
#4
Kayoung Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Studies have investigated the associations between parental metabolic syndrome (MetS) and offspring MetS. This study aimed to uncover parental-offspring associations for MetS and its components according to offspring sex and age. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study in 1,403 fathers, 1,451 mothers, and 1,532 offspring (340 male and 404 female offspring aged 10-18 years; 283 male and 505 female offspring aged 19-25 years) using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data between 2010 and 2013...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542920/relating-quantitative-variation-within-a-behavior-to-variation-in-transcription
#5
Kyle M Benowitz, Elizabeth C McKinney, Christopher B Cunningham, Allen J Moore
Many studies have shown that variation in transcription is associated with changes in behavioral state, or with variation within a state, but little has been done to address if the same genes are involved in both. Here we investigate the transcriptional basis of variation in parental provisioning using two species of burying beetle, Nicrophorus orbicollis and Nicrophorus vespilloides. We used RNA-seq to compare transcription in parents that provided high amounts of provisioning behavior versus low amounts in males and females of each species...
May 23, 2017: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503905/widespread-hybridization-within-mound-building-wood-ants-in-southern-finland-results-in-cytonuclear-mismatches-and-potential-for-sex-specific-hybrid-breakdown
#6
J Beresford, M Elias, L Pluckrose, L Sundström, R K Butlin, P Pamilo, J Kulmuni
Hybridization and gene flow between diverging lineages are increasingly recognized as common evolutionary processes, and their consequences can vary from hybrid breakdown to adaptive introgression. We have previously found a population of wood ant hybrids between Formica aquilonia and F. polyctena that shows antagonistic effects of hybridization: females with introgressed alleles show hybrid vigour, whereas males with the same alleles show hybrid breakdown. Here, we investigate whether hybridization is a general phenomenon in this species pair and analyse 647 worker samples from 16 localities in Finland using microsatellite markers and a 1200-bp mitochondrial sequence...
May 15, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481854/paradoxical-impact-of-ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis-on-male-and-female-fertility-in-patients-with-ulcerative-colitis
#7
Frederik R Pachler, Søren B Brandsborg, Søren Laurberg
BACKGROUND: Birth rates in males with ulcerative colitis and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis have not been studied. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to estimate birth rates in males and females with ulcerative colitis and study the impact of ileal pouch-anal anastomosis. DESIGN: This was a retrospective registry-based cohort study that was performed over a 30-year period. SETTINGS: Records for parenting a child from the same period were cross-linked with patient records, and birth rates were calculated using 15 through 49 years as age limits...
June 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478691/comparability-of-an-adhd-latent-trait-between-groups-disentangling-true-between-group-differences-from-measurement-problems
#8
Hugo Cogo-Moreira, Patrícia Silva Lúcio, Walter Swardfager, Ary Gadelha, Jair de Jesus Mari, Eurípedes Constantino Miguel, Luis Augusto Rohde, Giovanni A Salum
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate measurement invariance (MI) for an ADHD latent trait across different sociodemographic groups (sex, age, and maternal education), IQs, and co-occurring psychiatric diagnoses. METHOD: Participants were 2,299 children aged 6 to 14 years. ADHD symptoms were assessed by parent report using the Development and Well-Being Assessment (DAWBA). MI was tested through multigroup confirmatory factor analysis and multiple indicators multiple causes models...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477095/have-mischievous-responders-misidentified-sexual-minority-youth-disparities-in-the-national-longitudinal-study-of-adolescent-to-adult-health
#9
Jessica N Fish, Stephen T Russell
The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) has been instrumental in identifying sexual minority youth health disparities. Recent commentary suggested that some Wave 1 youth responders, especially males, intentionally mismarked same-sex attraction and, as a result, published reports of health disparities from these data may be suspect. We use two recently developed approaches to identify "jokesters" and mischievous responding and apply them to the Add Health data. First, we show that Wave 1 same-sex attracted youth, including those who later reported completely heterosexual identities in adulthood, were no more likely than different-sex attracted youth and consistently heterosexual participants to be "jokesters...
May 5, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476328/association-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-between-hispanic-latino-parents-and-youth-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latino-youth
#10
Mercedes R Carnethon, Guadalupe X Ayala, Shrikant I Bangdiwala, Virginia Bishop, Martha L Daviglus, Alan M Delamater, Linda C Gallo, Krista Perreira, Elizabeth Pulgaron, Samantha Reina, Gregory A Talavera, Linda H Van Horn, Carmen R Isasi
PURPOSE: Hispanic/Latinos have a high burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors which may begin at young ages. We tested the association of CVD risk factors between Hispanic/Latino parents and their children. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Youth study. Girls (n = 674) and boys (n = 667) aged 8 to 16 years (mean age 12.1 years) and their parents (n = 942) had their CVD risk factors measured...
April 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474493/identifying-the-clinical-needs-and-patterns-of-health-service-use-of-adolescent-girls-and-women-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#11
Ami Tint, Jonathan A Weiss, Yona Lunsky
Girls and women in the general population present with a distinct profile of clinical needs and use more associated health services compared to boys and men; however, research focused on health service use patterns among girls and women with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is limited. In the current study, caregivers of 61 adolescent girls and women with ASD and 223 boys and men with ASD completed an online survey. Descriptive analyses were conducted to better understand the clinical needs and associated service use patterns of girls and women with ASD...
May 5, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474457/the-development-and-correlates-of-gender-role-orientations-in-african-american-youth
#12
Olivenne D Skinner, Susan M McHale
This study charted the development of gendered personality qualities, activity interests, and attitudes across adolescence (approximately ages 9-18) among 319 African-American youth from 166 families. The relations between daily time spent with father, mother, and male and female peers-the gendered contexts of youth's daily activities-and (changes in) these gender role orientations were also assessed. Boys and girls differed in their gender role orientations in stereotypical ways: interest in masculine and feminine activities, and attitude traditionality generally declined, but instrumentality increased across adolescence and expressivity first increased and later decreased...
May 5, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460040/the-acceptability-of-stem-cell-based-fertility-treatments-for-different-indications
#13
S Hendriks, E A F Dancet, R Vliegenthart, S Repping
STUDY QUESTION: What is the acceptability of using stem cell-based fertility treatments (SCFT) for different indications according to gynaecologists and the general public? SUMMARY ANSWER: The majority of gynaecologists and the general public accept SCFT for the indications female or male infertility in young heterosexual couples, and female infertility in single women and same-sex couples. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: SCFT could result in genetic parenthood for intended parents with indications that cannot be treated using currently available methods, such as being in a same-sex relationship or female post-menopausal age...
April 28, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452131/the-influence-of-variation-in-parental-height-dimorphism-on-same-sex-parent-offspring-height-differences
#14
B Floyd
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates how adjusting for parental height dimorphism influences height differences among parents and same-sex offspring distinguished by parents' early backgrounds. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Regression analyses using data from independent groups of Taiwanese families, 56 with sons and 51 with daughters, evaluate how adjusting for parental height dimorphism influences same-sex parent-offspring height differences among families grouped by grandfathers' occupations into three status categories reflecting good to relatively poor early parental environments...
April 28, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450403/pathways-to-genetic-parenthood-for-same-sex-couples
#15
Timothy F Murphy
Researchers are pursuing various ways to synthesise human male and female gametes, which would be useful for people facing infertility. Some people are unable to conceive children with their partner because one of them is infertile in the sense of having an anatomical or physiological deficit. Other people-in same sex couples-may not be individually infertile but situationally infertile in relation to one another. Segers et al have described a pathway towards synthetic gametes that would rely on embryonic stem cells, rather than somatic cells...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441103/perceptions-of-abusive-parenting-behaviors-a-preliminary-exploration-into-the-underrecognition-of-mother-daughter-sexual-abuse
#16
Christine J Hatchard, Jamie L Goodwin, Eryn Siddall, Lauren Muniz
The current study examined the influence of the sex of the parent and the sex of the child on perceptions of sexually abusive behaviors. Vignettes illustrating different forms of sexual abuse were rated by 124 participants, with the different parent-child pairs (mother-daughter, mother-son, father-daughter, father-son) substituted into the vignettes being the only difference between groups. Two-way between subjects ANOVAs revealed that sexually abusive behaviors by mothers were perceived as less damaging to child victims (F (1, 120 = 7...
May 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425218/recurrence-of-congenital-heart-defects-among-siblings-a-nationwide-study
#17
Kristoffer Brodwall, Gottfried Greve, Elisabeth Leirgul, Grethe S Tell, Stein E Vollset, Nina Øyen
Congenital heart defects (CHD) constitute the largest group of congenital malformations. In most families, only one person has CHD; however, the risk of CHD increases for children born into families already affected. In this study, all births from 1994 through 2009 were identified in the Medical Birth Registry of Norway, including supplemental information on CHD from clinical and administrative registers, as part of the CVDNOR project. By using the unique personal identification number of each parent we were able to link 16,078 pairs of twins, 445,584 pairs of full siblings, and 106,840 pairs of half-siblings...
June 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401924/the-human-coparental-bond-implicates-distinct-corticostriatal-pathways-longitudinal-impact-on-family-formation-and-child-well-being
#18
Eyal Abraham, Gadi Gilam, Yaniv Kanat-Maymon, Yael Jacob, Orna Zagoory-Sharon, Talma Hendler, Ruth Feldman
Alloparental care, the cooperative care of offspring by group members other than the biological mother, has been widely practiced since early hominin evolution to increase infant survival and thriving. The coparental bond-a relationship of solidarity and commitment between two adults who join their effort to care for children- is a central contributor to children's well-being and sociality; yet, the neural basis of coparenting has not been studied in humans. Here, we followed 84 first-time co-parents (42 couples) across the first six years of family formation, including opposite-sex and same-sex couples, measured brain response to coparental stimuli, observed collaborative and undermining coparental behaviors in infancy and preschool, assayed oxytocin (OT) and vasopressin (AVP), and measured coparenting and child behavior problems at six years...
April 12, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390880/population-genetic-models-of-sex-limited-genomic-imprinting
#19
S Thomas Kelly, Hamish G Spencer
Genomic imprinting is a form of epigenetic modification involving parent-of-origin-dependent gene expression, usually the inactivation of one gene copy in some tissues, at least, for some part of the diploid life cycle. Occurring at a number of loci in mammals and flowering plants, this mode of non-Mendelian expression can be viewed more generally as parentally-specific differential gene expression. The effects of natural selection on genetic variation at imprinted loci have previously been examined in a several population-genetic models...
June 2017: Theoretical Population Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371167/long-term-sexual-health-outcomes-in-men-with-classic-bladder-exstrophy
#20
Timothy S Baumgartner, Kathy M Lue, Pokket Sirisreetreerux, Sarita Metzger, Ross G Everett, Sunil S Reddy, Ezekiel Young, Uzoma A Anele, Cameron E Alexander, Nilay M Gandhi, Heather N Di Carlo, John P Gearhart
OBJECTIVES: To identify the long-term sexual health outcomes and relationships in men born with classic bladder exstrophy (CBE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospectively-maintained institutional database comprised of 1248 patients with exstrophy-epispadias was utilized. Male patients 18 years or older with CBE were included. A 42-question survey was designed utilizing a combination of demographic information and previously validated questionnaires. RESULTS: A total of 215 men inclusion criteria, of which 113 (53%) completed the questionnaire...
March 31, 2017: BJU International
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