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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906628/sleep-disorders-in-children-with-incidental-pineal-cyst-on-mri-a-pilot-study
#1
Lourdes M DelRosso, Kenneth Martin, Oliviero Bruni, Raffaele Ferri
INTRODUCTION: For several years, pineal cysts have been considered an incidental finding on brain MRI's even though research and case reports have shown a possible association of pineal cysts with headaches and sleep disturbances. This pilot study aims to evaluate sleep disorders in school-age children with an incidental pineal cyst in an otherwise normal brain MRI. METHOD: Children aged 6-12 years, who were referred for evaluation of headaches, tics, or syncope, and had an incidental pineal cyst on an otherwise normal brain MRI were included and compared to a control group of children with the same referral reasons but with a normal MRI and to a cohort of normal controls...
May 16, 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902951/concordance-of-teacher-rated-and-performance-based-measures-of-executive-functioning-in-preschoolers
#2
Leanne Tamm, James Peugh
The most common method used to evaluate child behavior and functioning is rating scales completed by parents and/or teachers. Given that executive functioning (EF) plays a fundamental role in the developing child's cognitive, behavioral, and social-emotional development, it would be ideal if ratings of EF and performance-based EF measures assess the same construct. However, most studies report a small to negligible association between performance-based measures and ratings of EF. There are few studies investigating this association for preschoolers, and most only include parent ratings...
June 14, 2018: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851289/interactions-of-sex-and-early-life-social-experiences-at-two-developmental-stages-shape-nonapeptide-receptor-profiles
#3
Lisa C Hiura, Alexander G Ophir
Early life social experiences are critical to behavioral and cognitive development, and can have a tremendous influence on developing social phenotypes. Most work has focused on outcomes of experiences at a single stage of development (e.g., perinatal, or post-weaning). Few studies have assessed the impact of social experience at multiple developmental stages and across sex. Oxytocin and vasopressin are profoundly important for modulating social behavior and these nonapeptide systems are highly sensitive to developmental social experience, particularly in brain areas important for social behavior...
May 31, 2018: Integrative Zoology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850026/study-protocol-for-the-optimisation-feasibility-testing-and-pilot-cluster-randomised-trial-of-positive-choices-a-school-based-social-marketing-intervention-to-promote-sexual-health-prevent-unintended-teenage-pregnancies-and-address-health-inequalities-in-england
#4
Ruth Ponsford, Elizabeth Allen, Rona Campbell, Diana Elbourne, Alison Hadley, Maria Lohan, G J Melendez-Torres, Catherine H Mercer, Steve Morris, Honor Young, Chris Bonell
Background: Since the introduction of the Teenage Pregnancy Strategy (TPS), England's under-18 conception rate has fallen by 55%, but a continued focus on prevention is needed to maintain and accelerate progress. The teenage birth rate remains higher in the UK than comparable Western European countries. Previous trials indicate that school-based social marketing interventions are a promising approach to addressing teenage pregnancy and improving sexual health. Such interventions are yet to be trialled in the UK...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781831/same-sex-and-different-sex-parent-families-in-italy-is-parents-sexual-orientation-associated-with-child-health-outcomes-and-parental-dimensions
#5
Roberto Baiocco, Nicola Carone, Salvatore Ioverno, Vittorio Lingiardi
OBJECTIVE: Seventy gay fathers through surrogacy, 125 lesbian mothers through donor insemination, and 195 heterosexual parents through spontaneous conception, all with children aged 3 to 11 years and living in Italy, were compared on children's psychological adjustment and prosocial behavior, as well as parental self-efficacy, dyadic adjustment, family cohesion, and flexibility. Associations among family structures, family processes, and child health outcomes were also tested. METHODS: Participants were matched for child characteristics...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774261/same-sex-parenting-assisted-reproduction-and-gender-asymmetry-reflecting-on-the-differential-effects-of-legislation-on-gay-and-lesbian-family-formation-in-spain
#6
Elixabete Imaz
This article takes an anthropological approach to examine how laws governing family formation in Spain affect same-sex couples seeking to become parents, in particular the cultural causes and implications of such laws. It highlights how the same laws are has a different impact on gay couples and lesbian couples. Legislation combines with other factors to favour and expand the possibilities of accessing motherhood for women in lesbian couples while limiting the possibilities of parenthood for men in gay couples...
June 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748767/school-progress-among-children-of-same-sex-couples
#7
Caleb S Watkins
This study uses logit regressions on a pooled sample of children from the 2012, 2013, and 2014 American Community Survey to perform a nationally representative analysis of school progress for a large sample of 4,430 children who reside with same-sex couples. Odds ratios from regressions that compare children between different-sex married couples and same-sex couples fail to show significant differences in normal school progress between households across a variety of sample compositions. Likewise, marginal effects from regressions that compare children with similar family dynamics between different-sex married couples and same-sex couples fail to predict significantly higher probabilities of grade retention for children of same-sex couples...
May 10, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746973/family-meals-among-parents-associations-with-nutritional-social-and-emotional-wellbeing
#8
Jennifer Utter, Nicole Larson, Jerica M Berge, Marla E Eisenberg, Jayne A Fulkerson, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
A growing body of research suggests that children and adolescents who share frequent meals with their families report better nutrition indicators, family relationships and mental health. Yet, little research has examined whether parents who share meals with their families report the same indicators of wellbeing. The current paper addresses this question using population-based survey data and a sample of parents in the United States (n = 889, mean age 31 years) that responded to the fourth wave of the Project EAT study in 2015-16...
August 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741125/association-between-parental-hospital-treated-somatic-illnesses-in-childhood-and-later-mental-disorders-among-offspring-up-to-early-adulthood-an-explorative-study-in-the-1987-finnish-birth-cohort
#9
Marko Merikukka, Sami Räsänen, Helinä Hakko, Tiina Ristikari, Mika Gissler, Mika Niemelä
AIMS: Earlier studies on the associations between parental somatic illnesses and children's psychological wellbeing have focused on the most common somatic illnesses or on specific groups of illnesses. In this study, we aimed to systematically examine whether parental somatic illnesses, diagnosed during an offspring's childhood, are associated with later mental disorders of the offspring and, if so, identify which parental somatic illnesses in particular increase the likelihood for later mental disorders among the offspring...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740747/mothers-in-same-sex-relationships-describe-the-process-of-forming-a-family-as-a-stressful-journey-in-a-heteronormative-world-a-swedish-grounded-theory-study
#10
Heléne Appelgren Engström, Elisabet Häggström-Nordin, Catrin Borneskog, Anna-Lena Almqvist
Objectives The aim of this study was to gain insight into how women in same-sex relationships experience the process of forming a family through the use of assisted reproduction technique (ART), from planning the pregnancy to parenthood, and their experience of parental support from healthcare professionals. Methods The participants were 20 women in a same-sex relationship who had conceived through ART at a Swedish clinic. Semi-structured interviews including open questions about pregnancy, parenthood and support from healthcare professionals were conducted...
May 8, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730965/comparing-women-s-and-men-s-sexual-offending-using-a-statewide-incarcerated-sample-a-two-study-design
#11
Erin B Comartin, Amanda Burgess-Proctor, Sheryl Kubiak, Kimberly A Bender, Poco Kernsmith
This study identifies the characteristics that distinguish between women's and men's sexual offending. We compare women and men currently incarcerated for a sex offense in one state using two data sources: administrative data on sex offenders in the state prison ( N = 9,235) and subsample surveys ( n = 129). Bivariate and logistic regressions were used in these analyses. Women account for a small proportion (1.1%, N = 98) of incarcerated sex offenders. In the population, women and men were convicted of similar types of sex offenses...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691720/invariance-of-adhd-symptoms-across-sex-and-age-a-latent-analysis-of-adhd-and-impairment-ratings-from-early-childhood-into-adolescence
#12
Daniel R Leopold, Micaela E Christopher, Richard K Olson, Stephen A Petrill, Erik G Willcutt
A population-based longitudinal sample of 489 twin pairs was assessed at six time points over ten years to examine the measurement invariance and stability of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, as well as the developmental relations between inattention (IN), hyperactivity-impulsivity (HI), and multiple aspects of functional impairment. Parent ratings of ADHD symptoms and functional impairment were obtained in preschool and after the completion of kindergarten, first, second, fourth, and ninth grades...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682910/developmental-plasticity-in-reptiles-insights-into-thermal-and-maternal-effects-on-chameleon-phenotypes
#13
Robin M Andrews
Embryonic environments affect a range of phenotypic traits including sex and reproductive success. I determined (1) how the interaction between incubation temperature and egg size affects sex allocation of Chamaeleo calyptratus and (2) how incubation temperature and maternal parent (clutch) affect water uptake by eggs and body size, growth, and climbing speed of hatchlings and juveniles. Eggs from five clutches were exposed to five temperature treatments with clutches replicated within and among treatments...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A, Ecological and Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676655/attitudes-towards-same-sex-parenting-in-italy-the-influence-of-traditional-gender-ideology
#14
Salvatore Ioverno, Roberto Baiocco, Vittorio Lingiardi, Valeria Verrastro, Salvatore D'Amore, Robert-Jay Green
This study aimed to examine the role of gender ideology, religiosity and political conservatism on attitudes toward same-sex parenting in Italy at a time when same-sex parent families are undergoing attacks from ideological campaigns opposing non-traditional gender roles and families. We collected data from 4,187 heterosexual respondents about attitudes towards two-father and two-mother parenting, homonegativity, attitudes toward traditional masculinity and femininity, religious involvement and political conservatism...
April 20, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668993/accounting-for-age-structure-and-spatial-structure-in-eco-evolutionary-analyses-of-a-large-mobile-vertebrate
#15
Robin S Waples, Kim Scribner, Jennifer Moore, Hope Draheim, Dwayne Etter, Mark Boersen
The idealized concept of a population is integral to ecology, evolutionary biology, and natural resource management. To make analyses tractable, most models adopt simplifying assumptions, which almost inevitably are violated by real species in nature. Here we focus on both demographic and genetic estimates of effective population size per generation (Ne), the effective number of breeders per year (Nb), and Wright's neighborhood size (NS) for black bears (Ursus americanus) that are continuously distributed in the northern lower peninsula of Michigan, USA...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Heredity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667465/association-of-serum-specific-ige-levels-with-asthma-in-autumn-pollen-induced-allergic-rhinitis-a-retrospective-analysis
#16
Le Cui Md, Jia Yin Md
BACKGROUND: Artemisia and Humulus pollen are the two most important aeroallergens of autumn allergies in North China. Cross-sectional data in 2001 have shown that allergic rhinitis often preceded or occurred at the same time as asthma in patients with autumn pollinosis in North China. OBJECTIVE: We used this cross-sectional data to investigate the association of serum specific IgE (sIgE) levels to Humulus and/or Artemisia pollen with the onset of asthma in patients with autumn pollen-induced allergic rhinitis...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617472/physical-education-classes-and-health-outcomes-in-brazilian-students
#17
Diogo Henrique Constantino Coledam, Philippe Fanelli Ferraiol, João Paulo de Aguiar Greca, Marcio Teixeira, Arli Ramos de Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association between participation and physical activity during Physical Education classes with health outcomes in Brazilian students. METHODS: 681 Brazilian students (50.5% female) aged 10 to 17 years participated in this cross-sectional study. Independent variables analyzed were participation and physical activity during Physical Education classes, both assessed using a self-report questionnaire. The outcomes were: cardiorespiratory fitness (20-meter Shuttle Run test), muscle strength (Push-up test), overweight and obesity (body mass index) and high blood pressure...
March 29, 2018: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615006/selected-risk-factors-for-atherosclerosis-in-children-and-their-parents-with-positive-family-history-of-premature-cardiovascular-diseases-a-prospective-study
#18
Elzbieta Pac-Kozuchowska, Paulina Krawiec, Ewelina Grywalska
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate serum parameters of lipid metabolism, homocysteine, soluble adhesion molecules and common carotid artery wall thickness in children from families with early symptoms of atherosclerosis. METHODS: The first stage included 137 pairs of mothers and newborns, and the second 18 children from the same group (age 18-30 months) and their parents (age 21-46 years) with a history of premature coronary artery disease (CAD), as well as 12 age- and sex-matched controls...
April 3, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589799/lesbians-experiences-and-attitudes-towards-parenthood-in-greece
#19
Polychronis Voultsos, Christina-Erato Zymvragou, Nikolaos Raikos, Chaido Chara Spiliopoulou
Same-sex parenthood is controversial subject. In this paper, we provide insights into the attitudes and experiences of self-reported lesbians regarding parenthood or the prospect of becoming a parent in the current Greek social and cultural context. In Greece, lesbians are not allowed access to in vitro fertilisation (IVF), while a solitary ('single') woman is allowed access for medical reasons. Fifty-nine (59) semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with women. What emerged from our data was a clear trend for participants to wish to have their own biological children based mostly on the belief that pregnancy would lead to a sense of self-completeness and/or fulfilment...
March 28, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582539/association-between-atherosclerosis-and-handgrip-strength-in-non-hypertensive-populations-in-india-and-japan
#20
Hirotomo Yamanashi, Bharati Kulkarni, Tansy Edwards, Sanjay Kinra, Jun Koyamatsu, Mako Nagayoshi, Yuji Shimizu, Takahiro Maeda, Sharon E Cox
AIM: Although several risk factors contribute to the development of sarcopenia, whether preclinical atherosclerosis contributes to the risk of sarcopenia is not established. The present cross-sectional study aimed to investigate if there is an association between preclinical atherosclerosis and muscle strength among two ethnic populations. METHODS: Participants included individuals aged ≥40 years and enrolled in the third follow-up examination of the Andhra Pradesh Children and Parents Study, India, and in the baseline assessments of the Nagasaki Islands Study, Japan...
March 26, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
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