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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323506/emotional-and-psychosocial-factors-associated-with-drunkenness-and-the-use-of-tobacco-and-cannabis-in-adolescence-independent-or-interactive-effects
#1
Irene García-Moya, María José Ortiz Barón, Carmen Moreno
BACKGROUND: Although previous research has examined emotional and psychosocial factors associated with substance use, there is a paucity of studies examining both at the same time, and insufficient attention has been paid to how these factors may interact. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to simultaneously examine the contributions from emotional (emotional control and depression) and psychosocial (peers' conventional behavior, peers' substance use and parent-child relationships) factors to drunkenness and the use of tobacco and cannabis in adolescence...
March 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290645/preventive-health-care-for-women-who-have-sex-with-women
#2
Daniel A Knight, Diane Jarrett
Despite recent shifts in societal attitudes toward same-sex relationships, women who have sex with women face a variety of barriers to optimal health, including a history of negatively perceived interactions in clinical settings that lead them to delay or avoid health care. Women who have sex with women may be at disproportionate risk of obesity, tobacco use, substance use, mental health issues, intimate partner violence, sexually transmitted infections, and some cancers. Disparities can exist throughout the lifetime...
March 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289230/cross-cousin-marriage-among-the-yanomam%C3%A3-shows-evidence-of-parent-offspring-conflict-and-mate-competition-between-brothers
#3
Napoleon A Chagnon, Robert F Lynch, Mary K Shenk, Raymond Hames, Mark V Flinn
Marriage in many traditional societies often concerns the institutionalized exchange of reproductive partners among groups of kin. Such exchanges most often involve cross-cousins-marriage with the child of a parent's opposite-sex sibling-but it is unclear who benefits from these exchanges. Here we analyze the fitness consequences of marrying relatives among the Yanomamö from the Amazon. When individuals marry close kin, we find that (i) both husbands and wives have slightly lower fertility; (ii) offspring suffer from inbreeding depression; (iii) parents have more grandchildren; and (iv) siblings, especially brothers, benefit when their opposite-sex siblings marry relatives but not when their same-sex siblings do...
March 13, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286402/retrospective-basic-parent-child-communication-difficulties-and-risk-of-depression-in-deaf-adults
#4
Poorna Kushalnagar, Sheila Bruce, Tina Sutton, Irene W Leigh
This paper describes the relationship between retrospective communication difficulties and current depressive symptomatology. A total of 143 deaf/hard-of-hearing late adolescents and adults (64 % White; 55 % female) completed questionnaires related to parent communication, language history and current psychological functioning. Logistic regression models were used to estimate the likelihood of having depression that is associated with understanding parents' communication after controlling for gender, hearing level, and language history...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266086/how-much-impact-do-gains-in-height-have-on-shoulder-breadths-within-taiwanese-families
#5
Bruce Floyd
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates allometric changes in shoulder breadths relative to changes in stature arising from rapidly changing developmental circumstances within 107 Taiwanese families. It speaks to broader issues related to the extent of phenotypic plasticity of body breadths humans are capable of in response to reductions in developmental stressors. METHODS: An examination of relationships between shoulder breadth and height within individuals in each generation was followed by evaluation of patterns of difference between same-sex parent-offspring pairs in height and shoulder breadth...
March 7, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261120/the-desire-of-parenthood-intuitive-co-parental-behaviors-and-quality-of-couple-relationship-among-italian-and-belgian-same-sex-and-opposite-sex-couples
#6
Marina Miscioscia, Adelaide Blavier, Paolo R Pagone, Alessandra Simonelli
Studies that focused on family issues have allowed a great understanding of the aspects related to its subsystems, such as parenting desire and its expectations, couples' satisfaction and quality of child's outcomes. All these aspects are greatly interconnected and contribute to the creation of specific family dynamics, such as the quality of family interactions. The present study focuses on intuitive co-parental behaviors and the quality of couple relationship observed during the decision process (intention and desire) to be (or become) parents...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260914/helicobacter-pylori-infection-is-not-associated-with-failure-to-thrive-a-case-control-study
#7
Nan-Chang Chiu, Chien-Yu Lin, Hsin Chi, Chun-Yan Yeung, Wei-Hsin Ting, Wai-Tao Chan, Chuen-Bin Jiang, Sung-Tse Li, Chao-Hsu Lin, Hung-Chang Lee
PURPOSE: The long-term impact of Helicobacter pylori infection is complex, and concerns about the need for eradication exist. We conducted this case control study to investigate the association between H. pylori infection and failure to thrive (FTT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 2009 to December 2011, 53 children with FTT group and matched children with the same sex and age and similar socioeconomic status without FTT (control group) were enrolled. A questionnaire was administered to the parents/guardian, and a (13)C-urea breath test was performed to detect H...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253948/-long-term-outcomes-of-the-treatment-of-pediatric-femoral-shaft-fractures-treated-with-bryant-s-vertical-traction
#8
J Urban, P Toufar, M Kloub
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The paper aimed to evaluate the long-term outcomes of the treatment of diaphyseal femur fractures in children treated with Bryant's vertical traction. Moreover, we also assessed the size of overgrowth in the injured femur. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study included 23 patients with 23 femoral shaft fractures treated with Bryant's vertical traction at our department in 2009-2014. The following parameters were assessed: sex, ïnjured side, weight, age, mechanism of injury, potential abuse, type of fracture, duration of traction, and total length of hospital stay...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203561/comparative-prospective-case-control-study-of-open-versus-laparoscopic-pyeloplasty-in-children-with-ureteropelvic-junction-obstruction-long-term-results
#9
Lisandro A Piaggio, Juan P Corbetta, Santiago Weller, Ricardo Augusto Dingevan, Víctor Duran, Javier Ruiz, Juan C Lopez
INTRODUCTION: We compare open pyeloplasty (OP) versus laparoscopic pyeloplasty (LP) in children in a multicenter, prospective, case-control study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From May 2007 to March 2009, a program was established at Hospital Garrahan, the reference center, to perform LP with a mentoring surgeon that would attend the institution once a month. Every new case of ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) diagnosed in the reference institution was offered to participate in the study...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197994/a-population-based-comparison-of-female-and-male-same-sex-parent-and-different-sex-parent-households
#10
Henny M W Bos, Lisette Kuyper, Nanette K Gartrell
This investigation compared Dutch same-sex parent and different-sex parent households on children's psychological well-being, parenting stress, and support in child rearing. It was also assessed whether associations among children's well-being, parenting stress, and support in child rearing were different in the two household types. Data were based on a nationally representative survey (N = 25,250). Matching was used to enhance similarity in background characteristics between both types of families. Parental and child characteristics were matched for 43 female same-sex parent, 52 male same-sex parent, and 95 different-sex parent households with offspring between 5 and 18 years old...
February 15, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161474/the-impact-of-parental-modeling-on-child-pain-responses-the-role-of-parent-and-child-sex
#11
Katelynn E Boerner, Christine T Chambers, Patrick J McGrath, Vincent LoLordo, Rudolf Uher
Social modeling is a process by which pain behaviours are learned, and research has found parents act as models for their children's behaviour. Despite social learning theory predicting that same-sex models have greater impact, no experimental investigation to date has examined the role of sex of the model or observer in social learning of pediatric pain. The present study recruited 168 parent-child dyads (equal father-son, father-daughter, mother-son, and mother-daughter dyads) where children were generally healthy 6- to 8-year-olds...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154476/maltreated-and-comparison-adolescents-recollections-of-lifetime-residences-relationship-to-delinquency-and-marijuana-use
#12
Janet U Schneiderman, Andrea K Kennedy, Sonya Negriff, Jennifer Jones, Penelope K Trickett
Both childhood maltreatment and frequent childhood residence changes are associated with poor behavioral outcomes including drug use and delinquency. It is not clear whether a higher number of residences results in poorer outcomes for maltreated adolescents compared to adolescents living in the same community but without child welfare-documented maltreatment. Our study of child welfare-affiliated maltreated youth (n=216) and comparison youth (n=128) from the same community (age M = 18.21, SD = 1.42) examined: 1...
December 2016: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139832/evolutionary-rescue-in-randomly-mating-selfing-and-clonal-populations
#13
Hildegard Uecker
Severe environmental change can drive a population extinct unless the population adapts in time to the new conditions ("evolutionary rescue"). How does bi-parental sexual reproduction influence the chances of population persistence compared to clonal reproduction or selfing? In this paper, we set up a one-locus two-allele model for adaptation in diploid species, where rescue is contingent on the establishment of the mutant homozygote. Reproduction can occur by random mating, selfing, or clonally. Random mating generates and destroys the rescue mutant; selfing is efficient at generating it but at the same time depletes the heterozygote, which can lead to a low mutant frequency in the standing genetic variation...
January 31, 2017: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122990/using-stem-cell-derived-gametes-for-same-sex-reproduction-an-alternative-scenario
#14
Seppe Segers, Heidi Mertes, Guido Pennings, Guido de Wert, Wybo Dondorp
It has been suggested that future application of stem-cell derived gametes (SCD-gametes) might lead to the possibility for same-sex couples to have genetically related children. Still, for this to become possible, the technique of gamete derivation and techniques of reprogramming somatic cells to a pluripotent state (directly or via somatic cell nuclear transfer) would have to be perfected. Moreover, egg cells would have to be derived from male cells and sperm cells from female cells, which is believed to be particularly difficult, if not impossible...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108667/effects-on-circulating-steroid-hormones-and-gene-expression-along-the-hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal-axis-in-adult-japanese-quail-exposed-to-17%C3%AE-trenbolone-across-multiple-generations
#15
Natalie K Karouna-Renier, Yu Chen, Paula F P Henry, Catherine M Maddox, Daniel T Sprague
We investigated the effects of the androgenic growth promoter 17ß-trenbolone (17βTB) on adult Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) exposed across three generations. The F0 generation was exposed after sexual maturity to 0, 1, 5, 10, 20, and 40 ppm through feed. The F1 generation was exposed in ovo by maternal transfer and through feed at the same doses as their parents. The F2 generation was exposed in ovo only. Levels of plasma sex steroids, gonadal Cytochrome P450 aromatase (CYP19A1) mRNA and select brain neuroendocrine peptide mRNAs were measured...
January 20, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090349/the-association-between-parental-separation-during-childhood-and-obesity-in-adulthood-a-danish-twin-study
#16
J D Petersen, K O Kyvik, B L Heitmann, M E Vámosi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine if parental separation during childhood is associated with obesity in adulthood. METHODS: A co-twin case-control study of 146 adult same-sexed twin pairs with discordant body mass index (BMI) (i.e. one of the twins should have a BMI of 20-25 kg/m(2), and the co-twin's BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)) was selected from Danish Twin Registry (DTR). In total of 236 eligible twin individuals participated in the study. Childhood parental separation (defined as separation from one of the biological parents, regardless of the reason for separation) for at least one year prior to age 17 was self-reported...
December 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086765/health-related-quality-of-life-hrqol-and-its-associated-factors-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-t1dm
#17
Marta Murillo, Joan Bel, Jacobo Pérez, Raquel Corripio, Gemma Carreras, Xavier Herrero, Josep-Maria Mengibar, Dolors Rodriguez-Arjona, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer, Hein Raat, Luis Rajmil
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to describe the baseline health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in a cohort of children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), and analyze its associated clinical and sociodemographic factors, assessing HRQOL through internet. METHODS: This was a descriptive study of 136 patients with T1DM from 5 hospitals in Catalonia, Spain (72 girls, mean age 13.4 years (range 8-19). Inclusion criteria were more than 6 months from diagnosis, more than 8 years old and without cognitive problems...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068109/not-a-mom-thing-predictors-of-gatekeeping-in-same-sex-and-heterosexual-parent-families
#18
Kristin K Sweeney, Abbie E Goldberg, Randi L Garcia
The current study is the first to examine parental gatekeeping in both same-sex (57 female, 51 male) and heterosexual (n = 82) couples, all of whom became parents via adoption. Aspects of the individual, the couple, and the work context, measured preadoption, were examined as predictors of gatekeeping. Gatekeeping refers to attitudes and behaviors aimed at regulating and limiting the involvement of the other parent in housework and child care and was measured 2 years postadoption. Findings revealed that women in heterosexual relationships reported higher gatekeeping compared with all other groups, and men in same-sex relationships reported higher gatekeeping compared with women in same-sex relationships and men in heterosexual relationships...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058636/short-term-and-long-term-educational-mobility-of-families-a-two-sex-approach
#19
Xi Song, Robert D Mare
We use a multigenerational perspective to investigate how families reproduce and pass their educational advantages to succeeding generations. Unlike traditional mobility studies that have typically focused on one-sex influences from fathers to sons, we rely on a two-sex approach that accounts for interactions between males and females-the process in which males and females mate and have children with those of similar educational statuses and jointly determine the educational status attainment of their offspring...
February 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032264/the-effect-of-childhood-family-size-on-fertility-in-adulthood-new-evidence-from-iv-estimation
#20
Sara Cools, Rannveig Kaldager Hart
Although fertility is positively correlated across generations, the causal effect of children's experience with larger sibships on their own fertility in adulthood is poorly understood. With the sex composition of the two firstborn children as an instrumental variable, we estimate the effect of sibship size on adult fertility using high-quality data from Norwegian administrative registers. Our study sample is all firstborns or second-borns during the 1960s in Norwegian families with at least two children (approximately 110,000 men and 104,000 women)...
February 2017: Demography
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