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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820631/links-between-the-mother-adolescent-and-father-adolescent-relationships-and-adolescent-depression-a-genetically-informed-study
#1
Charlie Brouillard, Mara Brendgen, Frank Vitaro, Ginette Dionne, Michel Boivin
This study examined the unique roles of support and conflict in the relationship with the mother and the father in predicting changes in adolescents' depressive symptoms over a 1-year period. Potential moderating effects of genetic factors (Gene × Environment interaction) and sex were also investigated. This study utilized a design of twins raised in the same family, based on a sample of 121 monozygotic and 88 dizygotic same-sex twin pairs (418 individuals; 52.2% girls) assessed in Grade 8 (M = 14.09, SD = ...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813274/parenting-in-new-family-forms
#2
REVIEW
Susan Golombok
This paper reviews research on parenting and child development in new family forms including families created by assisted reproductive technologies, same-sex parent families, and families headed by single mothers by choice. The research is examined in the context of the issues and concerns that have been raised regarding these families. The findings not only contest popular assumptions about the psychological consequences for children of being raised in new family forms but also challenge the supremacy of the traditional family...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813273/adoptive-parenting
#3
REVIEW
Harold D Grotevant, Albert Yh Lo
Challenges in adoptive parenting continue to emerge as adoption policies and practices evolve. We review three areas of research in adoptive parenting that reflect contemporary shifts in adoption. First, we highlight recent findings concerning openness in adoption contact arrangements, or contact between a child's families of birth and rearing. Second, we examine research regarding racial and cultural socialization in transracial and international adoptions. Finally, we review investigations of parenting experiences of lesbian and gay adoptive parents...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793389/lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-parents-experiences-of-nurses-attitudes-in-child-health-care-a-qualitative-study
#4
Anna-Eva Andersen, Catherine Moberg, Anita Bengtsson Tops, Pernilla Garmy
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe lesbian, gay and bisexual parents' experiences of nurses' attitudes in child health care. BACKGROUND: Lesbian, gay and bisexual people are often reluctant to disclose their gender identity for fear of discrimination. This fear may lead to avoidance of healthcare for themselves or their children and may negatively affect families' health and well-being. DESIGN: A qualitative inductive design was employed. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 lesbian, gay or bisexual parents (11 mothers and 3 fathers) with child health care experiences in southern Sweden...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753387/assessing-prejudice-toward-two-father-parenting-and-two-mother-parenting-the-beliefs-on-same-sex-parenting-scale
#5
Salvatore Ioverno, Nicola Carone, Vittorio Lingiardi, Nicola Nardelli, Paolo Pagone, Jessica Pistella, Marco Salvati, Alessandra Simonelli, Roberto Baiocco
This article describes two interrelated studies that investigated beliefs and stereotypes on two-father parenting and two-mother parenting through the development and validation of the Beliefs on Same-Sex Parenting (BOSSP) scale. The BOSSP captures two beliefs: (1) prejudices toward same-sex couples' inherent inability to parent and (2) concerns about same-sex parenting that are not necessarily related to homonegativity. In Study 1 (301 heterosexual participants), exploratory factor analysis (EFA) suggested an 11-item scale for attitudes toward both two-father families and two-mother families, with two factors: parenting skills, which evaluates beliefs on same-sex couples' ability to take care of their children; and parental adjustment, which assesses beliefs on the impact of challenges related to same-sex parenting on children's well-being...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748774/exposure-to-parental-psychopathology-and-offspring-s-risk-of-suicide-related-thoughts-and-behaviours-a-systematic-review
#6
S M Goodday, J Shuldiner, S Bondy, A E Rhodes
AIMS: The primary objective of this systematic review was to identify and synthesise analytic studies examining the association between exposure to parental psychopathology in childhood and the nature of subsequent suicide-related thoughts (SRT) and suicide-related behaviour (SRB) (severity of ideation, planned/unplanned attempts/lethality) and to describe the direction, and magnitude of associations. The secondary objective was to determine if the associations from the primary objective differ by the type(s) and timing of parental psychopathology, sex/gender of the parent and child and is mediated by child psychiatric symptoms and family functioning...
July 27, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748276/resuming-the-obsolete-term-small-head-when-microcephaly-occurs-without-cognitive-impairment
#7
Piero Pavone, Andrea D Praticò, Martino Ruggieri, Renata Rizzo, Raffaele Falsaperla
Microcephaly is defined as a head circumference measurement of 2 or 3 standard deviations below the mean for age and sex. However, distinguishing the value of -2 or -3 standard deviations as a cutoff is relevant in the clinical practice, since the limit of -3 standard deviations is more frequently associated with cognitive impairment. The use of ultrasound scans in pregnancy has allowed the identification of subjects with a measurement of the head circumference at the limit of the cutoff for gestational age, but who do not subsequently show cognitive delay...
July 26, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726309/religion-sexual-orientation-and-suicide-attempts-among-a-sample-of-suicidal-adolescents
#8
Annie Shearer, Jody Russon, Joanna Herres, Amanda Wong, Carrie Jacobs, Gary M Diamond, Guy S Diamond
Despite condemnation of same-sex attraction by certain religious groups, few studies have explored the relationship between religion, same-sex attraction, and suicidality. This study examined the moderating effect of same-sex attraction on the relationship between parent/adolescent religiosity and suicide ideation/attempts in a suicidal adolescent sample (N = 129). Linear and negative binomial regressions tested the effects of a two-way dichotomous (same-sex attraction, yes/no) by continuous (religiosity) interaction on ideation and attempts, respectively...
July 20, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720106/caretaker-adolescent-communication-on-sexual-and-reproductive-health-a-cross-sectional-study-in-unguja-tanzania-zanzibar
#9
Saada A Seif, Thecla W Kohi, Candida S Moshiro
BACKGROUND: Caretakers/parents/caregivers/guardians play important roles in improving Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) of adolescents. Caretaker-adolescent sexual communication suggested to influence young people's sexual behaviours. Despite this significance, the communication is believed to be low in Unguja due to the increase of risky sexual behaviours among adolescents. This study assessed the pattern of such communication using IMB model as a framework. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study targeted caretakers of adolescents aged 15-19...
July 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711985/higher-rates-of-dz-twinning-in-a-twenty-first-century-birth-cohort
#10
Sally Ann Rhea, Robin P Corley, Andrew C Heath, William G Iacono, Michael C Neale, John K Hewitt
The Colorado Twin Registry is a population based registry initiated in 1984 with the involvement of the Colorado Department of Health, Division of Vital Statistics. Recruitment includes birth cohorts several years prior to 1984 and all subsequent years. As part of a recent evaluation of Colorado birth records for the years 2006 through 2008 we became aware of a shifting trend in the proportion of MZ and DZ twins in the Colorado population. Historically (Bulmer 1970 The biology of twinning in man, Clarendon, Oxford) we have expected a 1/3, 1/3, 1/3 ratio of MZ, same-sex DZ and opposite sex DZ twins in Caucasian populations...
July 15, 2017: Behavior Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699265/effects-of-harsh-parenting-and-positive-parenting-practices-on-youth-aggressive-behavior-the-moderating-role-of-early-pubertal-timing
#11
Frances R Chen, Adrian Raine
Prior research indicates that early pubertal timing is associated with aggressive behavior, particularly in the context of adversity as postulated in the contextual amplification hypothesis. However, few studies have examined harsh parenting as the context for the effect of early pubertal timing. Even fewer studies have tested the interactive effect of early pubertal timing and positive parenting on aggressive behavior. In this study, we tested the proposition that early pubertal timing, contrary to the general conception of it as a vulnerability, indexed susceptibility, and thus early maturing individuals were affected more by their environment in a "for better and for worse" manner...
July 12, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674767/use-of-time-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-10-to-13-year-old-children-not-all-screen-time-or-physical-activity-minutes-are-the-same
#12
Margarita D Tsiros, Michelle G Samaras, Alison M Coates, Timothy Olds
PURPOSE: To investigate associations between aspects of time use and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in youth. METHODS: 239 obese and healthy-weight 10- to 13-year-old Australian children completed the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL™) quantifying their health-related quality of life. Time use was evaluated over four days using the Multimedia Activity Recall for Children and Adolescents (MARCA), a validated 24 h recall tool. The average number of minutes/day spent in physical activity (divided into sport, active transport and play), screen time (divided into television, videogames and computer use), and sleep were calculated...
July 3, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659227/the-role-of-genetic-liability-in-the-association-of-urbanicity-at-birth-and-during-upbringing-with-schizophrenia-in-denmark
#13
D Paksarian, B B Trabjerg, K R Merikangas, O Mors, A D Børglum, D M Hougaard, J J McGrath, C B Pedersen, P B Mortensen, E Agerbo
BACKGROUND: Studies have indicated that the association of urbanicity at birth and during upbringing with schizophrenia may be driven by familial factors such as genetic liability. We used a population-based nested case-control study to assess whether polygenic risk score (PRS) for schizophrenia was associated with urbanicity at birth and at age 15, and to assess whether PRS and parental history of mental disorder together explained the association between urbanicity and schizophrenia...
June 29, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624678/the-relationships-between-father-involvement-and-parental-acceptance-on-the-psychological-adjustment-of-children-and-adolescents-the-moderating-effects-of-clinical-status
#14
Mercedes Rodríguez Ruiz, Francisco Pablo Holgado-Tello, Miguel Ángel Carrasco
This study analyzes how a child's clinical condition modifies the relationship of father involvement, parental (fathers and mothers) acceptance and the child´s psychological adjustment, including the internalizing and externalizing problems. The cohort studied was composed of 226 subjects (61.94% males) with a mean age of 14.08 years, of which 113 children were from an incidental clinical sample and 113 from the general population. Both groups were matched by sex, age and family status, and the data show that the same structure of parent-child relationships that predict the child´s psychological adjustment can be accepted for both the clinical and non-clinical groups of children...
June 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621958/-biomedical-perspective-of-the-surrogate-motherhood
#15
Nicolás Jouve de la Barreda
The subrogated motherhood takes place when an embryo created by in vitro fertilization (IVF) technology is implanted in a surrogate, sometimes called a gestational mother, by means a contract with her. It can imply to natural families (woman and man) with or without infertility problems, or to monoparental or biparental families of the same sex. Concerning the origin of the gametes used in the IVF emerges different implications on the genetic relationship of the resulting child with the surrogate and the future parents...
May 2017: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599766/plastic-and-immobile-unequal-intergenerational-mobility-by-genetic-sensitivity-score-within-sibling-pairs
#16
Emily Rauscher
Contrary to traditional biological arguments, the differential susceptibility model suggests genotype may moderate rather than mediate parent-child economic similarity. Using family fixed effects models of Add Health sibling data, I investigate the relationship between an index of sensitive genotypes and intergenerational mobility. Full, same sex sibling comparisons hold constant parental characteristics and address the non-random distribution of genotype that reduces internal validity in nationally representative samples...
July 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582824/metabolic-syndrome-in-korean-adolescents-and-young-adult-offspring-and-their-parents
#17
Kayoung Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Studies have investigated the associations between parental metabolic syndrome (MetS) and offspring MetS. This study aimed to uncover parental-offspring associations for MetS and its components according to offspring sex and age. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study in 1,403 fathers, 1,451 mothers, and 1,532 offspring (340 male and 404 female offspring aged 10-18 years; 283 male and 505 female offspring aged 19-25 years) using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data between 2010 and 2013...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542920/relating-quantitative-variation-within-a-behavior-to-variation-in-transcription
#18
Kyle M Benowitz, Elizabeth C McKinney, Christopher B Cunningham, Allen J Moore
Many studies have shown that variation in transcription is associated with changes in behavioral state, or with variation within a state, but little has been done to address if the same genes are involved in both. Here, we investigate the transcriptional basis of variation in parental provisioning using two species of burying beetle, Nicrophorus orbicollis and Nicrophorus vespilloides. We used RNA-seq to compare transcription in parents that provided high amounts of provisioning behavior versus low amounts in males and females of each species...
August 2017: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503905/widespread-hybridization-within-mound-building-wood-ants-in-southern-finland-results-in-cytonuclear-mismatches-and-potential-for-sex-specific-hybrid-breakdown
#19
J Beresford, M Elias, L Pluckrose, L Sundström, R K Butlin, P Pamilo, J Kulmuni
Hybridization and gene flow between diverging lineages are increasingly recognized as common evolutionary processes, and their consequences can vary from hybrid breakdown to adaptive introgression. We have previously found a population of wood ant hybrids between Formica aquilonia and F. polyctena that shows antagonistic effects of hybridization: females with introgressed alleles show hybrid vigour, whereas males with the same alleles show hybrid breakdown. Here, we investigate whether hybridization is a general phenomenon in this species pair and analyse 647 worker samples from 16 localities in Finland using microsatellite markers and a 1200-bp mitochondrial sequence...
August 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481854/paradoxical-impact-of-ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis-on-male-and-female-fertility-in-patients-with-ulcerative-colitis
#20
Frederik R Pachler, Søren B Brandsborg, Søren Laurberg
BACKGROUND: Birth rates in males with ulcerative colitis and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis have not been studied. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to estimate birth rates in males and females with ulcerative colitis and study the impact of ileal pouch-anal anastomosis. DESIGN: This was a retrospective registry-based cohort study that was performed over a 30-year period. SETTINGS: Records for parenting a child from the same period were cross-linked with patient records, and birth rates were calculated using 15 through 49 years as age limits...
June 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
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