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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677203/how-does-food-addiction-influence-dietary-intake-profile
#1
Aylin Ayaz, Reyhan Nergiz-Unal, Damla Dedebayraktar, Asli Akyol, A Gulden Pekcan, Halit Tanju Besler, Zehra Buyuktuncer
This study aimed to investigate whether there was any difference in eating pattern, abnormal eating behaviour, obesity and the number of food addiction symptoms according to food addiction presence. A total sample of 851 healthy subjects living in Ankara (n = 360 male, n = 491 female) aged 19-65 years were included in this cross-sectional survey. Data on demographic information, 24-hour dietary recalls, Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS), Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT-26), and anthropometric measurements were collected through face-to-face interviews...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677190/a-haplotype-of-three-snps-in-fto-had-a-strong-association-with-body-composition-and-bmi-in-iranian-male-adolescents
#2
Naser Kalantari, Nastaran Keshavarz Mohammadi, Pantea Izadi, Saeid Doaei, Maryam Gholamalizadeh, Hassan Eini-Zinab, Tuire Salonurmi, Shahram Rafieifar, Reza Janipoor, Ghasem Azizi Tabesh
BACKGROUND: Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), which are located in the first intron of the FTO gene, are reported to be associated with body weight and the body mass index (BMI). However, their effects on anthropometric measurements in adolescents are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the association of three adjacent polymorphisms (rs9930506, rs9930501, & rs9932754) in the FTO gene with anthropometric indices in Iranian adolescent males...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677047/a-polymorphism-in-the-noradrenaline-transporter-gene-is-associated-with-increased-blood-pressure-in-patients-with-resistant-hypertension
#3
Nina Eikelis, Francine Z Marques, Dagmara Hering, Petra Marusic, Geoffrey A Head, Antony S Walton, Elisabeth A Lambert, Murray D Esler, Carolina I Sari, Markus P Schlaich, Gavin W Lambert
OBJECTIVES: Noradrenaline released from sympathetic nerves is rapidly inactivated via the action of the noradrenaline transporter (NET). We aimed to determine whether a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the NET gene, rs7194256, was associated with blood pressure and plasma noradrenaline concentration in patients with resistant hypertension. METHODS: Ninety-two consecutive patients with resistant hypertension participated in this study (age 62 ± 1.3 years, BMI 32 ± 0...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676961/development-and-preliminary-evaluation-of-a-new-anatomically-based-prosthetic-alignment-method-for-below-knee-prosthesis
#4
Nahid Tafti, Masoud Karimlou, Mohammad Ali Mardani, Amir Salar Jafarpisheh, Gholam Reza Aminian, Reza Safari
The objectives of current study were to a) assess similarities and relationships between anatomical landmark-based angles and distances of lower limbs in unilateral transtibial amputees and b) develop and evaluate a new anatomically based static prosthetic alignment method. First sub-study assessed the anthropometrical differences and relationships between the lower limbs in the photographs taken from amputees. Data were analysed via paired t-test and regression analysis. Results show no significant differences in frontal and transverse planes...
April 20, 2018: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676677/lessons-learnt-about-conducting-a-multilingual-nutrition-survey-in-switzerland-results-from-menuch-pilot-survey
#5
Angeline Chatelan, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Sabine Bucher, Stefan Siegenthaler, Nathalie Metzger, Christine Anne Zuberbühler, Esther Camenzind-Frey, Andrea Reggli, Murielle Bochud, Sigrid Beer-Borst
This paper informs about the implementation of the first trilingual Swiss nutrition pilot survey and lessons learnt in terms of recruitment, participation, data collection feasibility, and data management. The population-based cross-sectional nutrition pilot survey took place between June and November 2013. Six trained dietitians interviewed 276 adults aged 18-75 years residing in the cantons of Bern (German), Vaud (French) or Ticino (Italian). Food consumption was assessed with two non-consecutive computer-assisted 24-Hour Dietary Recalls (24HDR), applying a trilingual version of GloboDiet® adapted to specific requirements of Switzerland...
April 20, 2018: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Journal International de Vitaminologie et de Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676626/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-herbicide-exposure-in-vietnam-era-u-s-army-chemical-corps-veterans
#6
Yasmin Cypel, Stella E Hines, Victoria J Davey, Stephanie M Eber, Aaron I Schneiderman
RATIONALE: Past research demonstrates a possible association between herbicide exposure and respiratory health. Biologic plausibility and inhalation as a mode of exposure further support the contention that herbicides may act as adverse contributors to respiratory status, especially in military personnel who were responsible for chemical maintenance and distribution during the Vietnam War. OBJECTIVES: This study examines the association between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and herbicide exposure among Vietnam-era U...
April 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676438/the-influence-of-digit-size-and-proportions-on-dexterity-during-cold-exposure
#7
Stephanie Payne, Alison Macintosh, Jay Stock
OBJECTIVES: The current study investigated whether size and proportions of the hands and digits affect dexterity during severe cold exposure. As wide hands are known to lose less heat than narrow hands, and narrow digits are associated with greater dexterity, this study aimed to test whether there was a direct trade-off between dexterity and thermoregulation that shapes hand morphology. METHODS: Participants (25 women, 15 men) carried out the Purdue Pegboard test before and after a 3-min ice-water immersion of the hand...
April 20, 2018: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676222/clustering-performances-in-the-nba-according-to-players-anthropometric-attributes-and-playing-experience
#8
Shaoliang Zhang, Alberto Lorenzo, Miguel-Angel Gómez, Nuno Mateus, Bruno Gonçalves, Jaime Sampaio
The aim of this study was: (i) to group basketball players into similar clusters based on a combination of anthropometric characteristics and playing experience; and (ii) explore the distribution of players (included starters and non-starters) from different levels of teams within the obtained clusters. The game-related statistics from 699 regular season balanced games were analyzed using a two-step cluster model and a discriminant analysis. The clustering process allowed identifying five different player profiles: Top height and weight (HW) with low experience, TopHW-LowE; Middle HW with middle experience, MiddleHW-MiddleE; Middle HW with top experience, MiddleHW-TopE; Low HW with low experience, LowHW-LowE; Low HW with middle experience, LowHW-MiddleE...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675678/anthropometric-and-clinical-analysis-of-the-distal-ulna-and-extensor-carpi-ulnaris-tendon-using-mri
#9
Ugur Toprak, Sefa Turkoglu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the ulnar groove (UG), extensor carpi ulnaris (ECU) tendon, and ulnar styloid process (USP) parameters in asymptomatic individuals without ulnar-sided wrist abnormalities, to determine whether these values can be anthropometric markers of age and gender and identify their correlations for use in clinical decision-making. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The MRI T1W axial, T2W sagittal, coronal PW and DESS sequences were evaluated in 100 cases (62 women)...
April 19, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675435/serum-levels-of-interleukin-13-increase-in-subjects-with-insulin-resistance-but-do-not-correlate-with-markers-of-low-grade-systemic-inflammation
#10
Camilo P Martínez-Reyes, Angélica Y Gómez-Arauz, Israel Torres-Castro, Aarón N Manjarrez-Reyna, León F Palomera, Alfonso Olivos-García, Edith Mendoza-Tenorio, Gabriela A Sánchez-Medina, Sergio Islas-Andrade, Guillermo Melendez-Mier, Galileo Escobedo
Experimental evidence in mice suggests a role for interleukin- (IL-) 13 in insulin resistance and low-grade systemic inflammation. However, IL-13 serum levels have not been assessed in subjects with insulin resistance, and associations of IL-13 with parameters of low-grade systemic inflammation are still unknown. Our main goal was to examine the systemic levels of IL-13 in patients with insulin resistance, while also studying the relationship of IL-13 with anthropometric, metabolic, and low-grade systemic inflammatory markers...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675043/cardiovascular-risk-factors-after-childhood-cancer-treatment-are-independent-of-the-fto-gene-polymorphism
#11
Małgorzata Sawicka-Żukowska, Maryna Krawczuk-Rybak, Paweł Bernatowicz, Katarzyna Muszyńska-Rosłan, Jerzy Konstantynowicz, Włodzimierz Łuczyński
The study objective was to assess the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors in patients treated for childhood cancer ( N = 101) and to determine the involvement of clinical (cancer type and therapy) and/or genetic ( FTO gene rs9939609 polymorphism) factors. Anthropometric features, laboratory findings, and standardized osteodensitometric indices (fat and lean mass) were considered. Overweight/obesity was found in 17.82% of the patients; however, central adiposity was found in as many as 42.5%. At least one abnormality in lipid metabolism was observed in 35...
2018: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674730/birth-size-and-gestational-age-in-opposite-sex-twins-as-compared-to-same-sex-twins-an-individual-based-pooled-analysis-of-21-cohorts
#12
Aline Jelenkovic, Reijo Sund, Yoshie Yokoyama, Yoon-Mi Hur, Vilhelmina Ullemar, Catarina Almqvist, Patrik Ke Magnusson, Gonneke Willemsen, Meike Bartels, Catharina Em van Beijsterveldt, Leonie H Bogl, Kirsi H Pietiläinen, Eero Vuoksimaa, Fuling Ji, Feng Ning, Zengchang Pang, Tracy L Nelson, Keith E Whitfield, Esther Rebato, Clare H Llewellyn, Abigail Fisher, Gombojav Bayasgalan, Danshiitsoodol Narandalai, Morten Bjerregaard-Andersen, Henning Beck-Nielsen, Morten Sodemann, Adam D Tarnoki, David L Tarnoki, Syuichi Ooki, Maria A Stazi, Corrado Fagnani, Sonia Brescianini, Lise Dubois, Michel Boivin, Mara Brendgen, Ginette Dionne, Frank Vitaro, Tessa L Cutler, John L Hopper, Robert F Krueger, Matt McGue, Shandell Pahlen, Jeffrey M Craig, Richard Saffery, Claire Ma Haworth, Robert Plomin, Ariel Knafo-Noam, David Mankuta, Lior Abramson, S Alexandra Burt, Kelly L Klump, Robert F Vlietinck, Catherine A Derom, Ruth Jf Loos, Dorret I Boomsma, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Jaakko Kaprio, Karri Silventoinen
It is well established that boys are born heavier and longer than girls, but it remains unclear whether birth size in twins is affected by the sex of their co-twin. We conducted an individual-based pooled analysis of 21 twin cohorts in 15 countries derived from the COllaborative project of Development of Anthropometrical measures in Twins (CODATwins), including 67,850 dizygotic twin individuals. Linear regression analyses showed that boys having a co-twin sister were, on average, 31 g (95% CI 18 to 45) heavier and 0...
April 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674487/metals-in-urine-in-relation-to-the-prevalence-of-pre-diabetes-diabetes-and-atherosclerosis-in-rural-india
#13
Ganesan Velmurugan, Krishnan Swaminathan, Ganesh Veerasekar, Jonathan Q Purnell, Sundaresan Mohanraj, Mani Dhivakar, Anil Kumar Avula, Mathew Cherian, Nalla G Palaniswami, Thomas Alexander, Thalappil Pradeep
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes and cardiovascular diseases are growing burdens in rural communities worldwide. We have observed a high prevalence of diabetes among rural farming communities in India and sought to evaluate the association of non-traditional risk factors, such as metals, with diabetes and other cardiometabolic risk factors in this community. METHODS: Anthropometric measurements, chemistries and carotid intima-media thickness were determined in 865 participants of the Kovai Medical Center and Hospital-Nallampatti Non-Communicable Disease Study-I (KMCH-NNCD-I, 2015), a cross-sectional study conducted in a farming village in South India...
April 19, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674338/prevalence-of-hypertension-in-children-with-early-stage-adpkd
#14
Laura Massella, Djalila Mekahli, Dušan Paripović, Larisa Prikhodina, Nathalie Godefroid, Anna Niemirska, Ayşe Ağbaş, Karolina Kalicka, Augustina Jankauskiene, Malgorzata Mizerska-Wasiak, Alberto Caldas Afonso, Rémi Salomon, Georges Deschênes, Gema Ariceta, Z Birsin Özçakar, Ana Teixeira, Ali Duzova, Jérôme Harambat, Tomáš Seeman, Gabriela Hrčková, Adrian Catalin Lungu, Svetlana Papizh, Amira Peco-Antic, Stéphanie De Rechter, Ugo Giordano, Marietta Kirchner, Teresa Lutz, Franz Schaefer, Olivier Devuyst, Elke Wühl, Francesco Emma
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease is the most common inheritable kidney disease, frequently thought to become symptomatic in adulthood. However, patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease may develop signs or symptoms during childhood, in particular hypertension. Although ambulatory BP monitoring is the preferred method to diagnose hypertension in pediatrics, data in children with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease are limited...
April 19, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674265/relationship-between-plasma-levels-of-homocysteine-and-the-related-b-vitamins-in-patients-with-hemodialysis-adequacy-or-inadequacy
#15
En-Ling Yeh, Yi-Chia Huang, Shang-Feng Tsai, Tong-Min Yu, Ming-Ju Wu, Cheng-Hsu Chen
OBJECTIVES: Hemodialysis (HD) with dialysis adequacy could increase the excretion of B vitamins (folate, vitamin B6 , and B12 ) and raise the plasma level of homocysteine. Here we determined the associations of plasma homocysteine with B vitamins in patients with HD adequacy or inadequacy. METHODS: We recruited 68 patients who had received HD treatments (three times a week, 4 h each). Based on the individual's hemogram and quarterly urea reduction rate (Kt/V), patients were pooled into one of the following two groups: the first group with dialysis adequacy (Kt/V > 1...
February 14, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674134/higher-dietary-acid-load-is-associated-with-higher-likelihood-of-peripheral-arterial-disease-among-american-adults
#16
Mohsen Mazidi, Dimitri P Mikhailidis, Maciej Banach
OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between dietary acid load, potential renal acid load (PRAL) and net endogenous acid production (NEAP), and peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in a national representative sample of American adults. METHODS: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) database (for 1999-2002) was used. PAD was diagnosed by ankle brachial index assessment. Analysis of covariance was used to examine adjusted mean of different dietary acid load by PAD status; multivariable logistic regression was used to relate dietary acid load with prevalent PAD...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673850/the-microsurgical-approach-in-primary-cleft-rhinoplasty-an-anthropometric-analysis
#17
Frizzi Bschorer, Daniel Schneider, Gerhard Schön, Max Heiland, Reinhard Bschorer
PURPOSE: Oral and maxillofacial surgeons use different approaches to repair the nasal deformity of patients with cleft, differing in technique and timing. The aim of this longitudinal study was to analyze a new surgical technique to treat the nose deformity of patients with cleft at 4 to 6 weeks of life using a microscope. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven newborn patients with cleft were treated by primary repair of the nasal deformity using a microscope at 4 to 6 weeks of life...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673832/effects-of-physical-training-with-the-nintendo-wii-fit-plus-%C3%A2-and-protein-supplementation-on-musculoskeletal-function-and-the-risk-of-falls-in-pre-frail-older-women-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-the-wiiprotein-study
#18
Audrin Said Vojciechowski, Simone Biesek, Jarbas Melo Filho, Estela Iraci Rabito, Maryelle Paula do Amaral, Anna Raquel Silveira Gomes
BACKGROUND: Frailty is one of the key geriatric syndromes and is related to the loss of functional independence. However, the practice of physical training (PT) combined with protein supplementation (PS) may improve musculoskeletal function (MF). OBJECTIVE: To verify the effect of PT using 'exergames' with or without PS on MF, nutritional status, and risk of falls in pre-frail older women. METHOD: The protocol is for a randomized controlled clinical trial with a sample of pre-frail older women, divided into 5 groups: control group; PT using exergames; PS; PT using exergames combined with PS; PT using exergames combined with isoenergetic supplementation...
May 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673826/lifestyle-interventions-for-improving-health-and-health-behaviours-in-women-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-2011-2017
#19
REVIEW
Charrlotte Seib, Joy Parkinson, Nicole McDonald, Haruka Fujihira, Stephanie Zietek, Debra Anderson
The development and maintenance of healthy lifestyle behaviours are among the most promising strategies for reducing complications and premature death among women living with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, despite the potential benefits of these interventions, they have had varying success and the sustained uptake of the recommended lifestyle modifications is limited. This paper reviews research on the impact of lifestyle interventions aimed at improving health and health behaviours in women with T2DM...
May 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673339/different-adiposity-indices-and-their-association-with-blood-pressure-and-hypertension-in-middle-aged-urban-black-south-african-men-and-women-findings-from-the-awi-gen-south-african-soweto-site
#20
Pedro T Pisa, Lisa K Micklesfield, Juliana Kagura, Michele Ramsay, Nigel J Crowther, Shane A Norris
BACKGROUND: To report associations between different adiposity indices [anthropometric and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) measures] and blood pressure (BP) and hypertension in urban black South African adults. METHODS: Anthropometric and DXA whole body measures were performed on 1026 men and 982 women. Participants were classified as being hypertensive if they had a systolic BP (SBP) ≥ 140 mmHg and/or diastolic (DBP) ≥ 90 mmHg. Within each gender the relationship of adiposity with BP and hypertension risk was assessed using linear and logistic regression models respectively...
April 19, 2018: BMC Public Health
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