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Anthropometric

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213608/trends-in-anthropometric-measures-among-us-children-6-to-23-months-1976-2014
#1
Lara J Akinbami, Brian K Kit, Margaret D Carroll, Tala H I Fakhouri, Cynthia L Ogden
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The surveillance of children's growth reflects a population's nutritional status and risk for adverse outcomes. This study aimed to describe trends in length-for-age, weight-for-age, weight-for-length, and early childhood weight gain among US children aged 6 to 23 months. METHODS: We analyzed NHANES data from 1976-1980, 1988-1994, 1999-2002, 2003-2006, 2007-2010, and 2011-2014. We estimated z scores < -2 (low) and ≥+2 (high) in comparison with World Health Organization growth standards for each indicator...
February 17, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212629/cardiometabolic-risk-in-a-population-of-older-adults-with-multiple-co-morbidities-in-rural-south-africa-the-haalsi-health-and-aging-in-africa-longitudinal-studies-of-indepth-communities-study
#2
Thomas A Gaziano, Shafika Abrahams-Gessel, F Xavier Gomez-Olive, Alisha Wade, Nigel J Crowther, Sartaj Alam, Jennifer Manne-Goehler, Chodziwadziwa W Kabudula, Ryan Wagner, Julia Rohr, Livia Montana, Kathleen Kahn, Till W Bärnighausen, Lisa F Berkman, Stephen Tollman
BACKGROUND: A consequence of the widespread uptake of anti-retroviral therapy (ART) is that the older South African population will experience an increase in life expectancy, increasing their risk for cardiometabolic diseases (CMD), and its risk factors. The long-term interactions between HIV infection, treatment, and CMD remain to be elucidated in the African population. The HAALSI cohort was established to investigate the impact of these interactions on CMD morbidity and mortality among middle-aged and older adults...
February 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212586/effects-of-resistance-band-exercise-on-vascular-activity-and-fitness-in-older-adults
#3
Mark F Smith, Mistrelle Ellmore, Geoff Middleton, Paul M Murgatroyd, Thomas I Gee
This study investigated the effects of a low to moderately intense resistance-band exercise intervention on cutaneous microvascular function in an older population. 18 sedentary healthy participants (age: 58±5) were assessed for their upper and lower-limb endothelial cutaneous vascular conductance using laser Doppler fluximetry with endothelial-dependent (80 μl acetylcholine chloride), and -independent vasodilation (80 μl sodium nitroprusside). In addition, participants underwent a range of functional assessments (cardiopulmonary fitness, strength, flexibility), and completed a perceived quality of life questionnaire...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212431/mediterranean-dietary-pattern-and-vegf-405-g-c-gene-polymorphisms-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome-an-aspect-of-gene-nutrient-interaction
#4
Ghazaleh Hajiluian, Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi, Leila Jahangiry
AIMS: To evaluate the relationship between Mediterranean dietary pattern, anthropometric and metabolic biomarkers and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) +405 G/C gene polymorphism in patient with metabolic syndrome (Mets). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study 150 patients with Mets and 50 healthy subjects were enrolled. Dietary intakes were evaluated with a semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and Mediterranean dietary quality index (Med-DQI) was assessed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212415/aflatoxin-exposure-during-the-first-36-months-of-life-was-not-associated-with-impaired-growth-in-nepalese-children-an-extension-of-the-mal-ed-study
#5
Nicole J Mitchell, Hui-Husan Hsu, Ram Krishna Chandyo, Binob Shrestha, Ladaporn Bodhidatta, Yu-Kang Tu, Yun-Yun Gong, Patricia A Egner, Manjeswori Ulak, John D Groopman, Felicia Wu
Exposure to aflatoxin, a mycotoxin common in many foods, has been associated with child growth impairment in sub-Saharan Africa. To improve our understanding of growth impairment in relation to aflatoxin and other risk factors, we assessed biospecimens collected in Nepalese children at 15, 24, and 36 months of age for aflatoxin exposure. Children (N = 85) enrolled in the Bhaktapur, Nepal MAL-ED study encompassed the cohort analysed in this study. Exposure was assessed through a plasma biomarker of aflatoxin exposure: the AFB1-lysine adduct...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212303/associations-of-overweight-obesity-and-related-factors-with-sleep-related-breathing-disorders-and-snoring-in-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-survey
#6
Yue Ma, Liping Peng, Changgui Kou, Shucheng Hua, Haibo Yuan
Background: Sleep-related breathing disorders (SRBD) have been identified as a major public health problem closely related to adolescent obesity. We aimed to estimate the prevalences of SRBD and snoring in adolescents in Changchun City, Northeastern China, and to evaluate the associated factors in this population. Methods: In total, 1955 adolescents aged 11-18 years were recruited in Changchun City using stratified cluster sampling. Parents and caretakers of children completed the questionnaires, which included demographic characteristics, anthropometric parameters and a pediatric sleep questionnaire (SRBD scale)...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212130/periorbital-soft-tissue-anthropometric-analysis-of-young-adults
#7
Turan Ozdemir, Fatma Ezgi Can, Sefa Isiklar, Ilker Ercan, Nedim Simsek Cankur
The authors aim to determine the periorbital soft tissue anthropometric norms for Turkish young adults for right and left eyes using a noninvasive two-dimensional photogrammetric analysis. Anthropometric measurements of the periorbital soft tissue were taken from 172 female and 56 male Turkish adults aged between 18 and 24 years. The periorbital soft tissue profiles (ocular and palpebral) for males and females were digitally analyzed using linear measurements made with standardized photographic records, taken in a natural head position...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211833/an-anthropometric-study-of-serbian-metal-industry-workers
#8
S Omić, V K Spasojevic Brkić, T A Golubović, A Dj Brkić, M M Klarin
BACKGROUND: There are recent studies using new industrial workers' anthropometric data in different countries, but for Serbia such data are not available. OBJECTIVE: This study is the first anthropometric study of Serbian metal industry workers in the country, whose labor force is increasingly employed both on local and international markets. The metal industry is one of Serbia's most important economic sectors. METHODS: To this end, we collected the basic static anthropometric dimensions of 122 industrial workers and used principal components analysis (PCA) to obtain multivariate anthropometric models...
February 17, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211551/eating-habits-and-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-with-recurrent-depressive-disorders
#9
Ewa Stefańska, Agnieszka Wendołowicz, Urszula Cwalina, Beata Konarzewska, Napoleon Waszkiewicz, Lucyna Ostrowska
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the research was to assess the fatty acid content and atherogenicity of daily food rations in patients with recurrent depressive disorders in the aspect of risk of developing cardiovascular disease. METHODS: The study included 126 persons (62 persons with diagnosed recurrent depressive disorders and 64 healthy volunteers). A 24-hour recall was used in the quantitative assessment of the diet. Anthropometric and chemical measurements as well as body composition analysis were used to assess the nutritional status...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210011/relationship-of-plasma-adiponectin-and-waist-hip-ratio-with-coronary-artery-disease
#10
Premtim Rashiti, Shpend Elezi, Ibrahim Behluli, Sefedin Mucaj
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate correlation between adiponectin and waist-hip-ratio with severity of coronary artery disease (CAD). There is uncertainty about the association between circulating concentrations of adiponectin and CAD. METHODS: We enrolled eighty-two consecutive patients undergoing non-urgent coronary angiography for CAD survey. According to the angiography results, the patients were divided into two groups in 1:1 ratio patients admitted with a diagnosis of CAD and non-CAD...
December 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209494/effect-of-early-onset-preeclampsia-on-cardiovascular-risk-in-the-fifth-decade-of-life
#11
Anouk Bokslag, Pim W Teunissen, Constantijn Franssen, Floortje van Kesteren, Otto Kamp, Wessel Ganzevoort, Walter J Paulus, Christianne J M de Groot
BACKGROUND: Women with hypertensive disorders in pregnancy, in particular early-onset preeclampsia, are at increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease later in life. These women have a more than two-fold increased risk to die from cardiovascular diseases. Most studies focused on identification of risk factors shortly after pregnancy. Less is known on the prevalence of risk factors or actual signs of cardiovascular disease 5 - 20 years later. The presence of hypertension or metabolic syndrome can be seen as an opportunity for preventive interventions to reduce the development of severe cardiovascular diseases like myocardial infarction and stroke...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208909/evaluation-of-association-of-hyperuricaemia-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-insulin-resistance
#12
Naveen Reddy Avula, Damodar Shenoy
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) ranges from <10% to as much as 84% depending on region and composition of the population studied. The MetS is a growing public health problem in the world. AIM: To evaluate association of hyperuricaemia with components of MetS and insulin resistance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty patients with MetS were conveniently recruited. MetS was defined as per Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP III) guidelines...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208875/erectile-dysfunction-and-low-sex-drive-in-men-with-type-2-dm-the-potential-role-of-diabetic-pharmacotherapy
#13
Hayder M Al-Kuraishy, Ali I Al-Gareeb
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic men with erectile dysfunction have not been widely studied. They have low testosterone levels, causing low sex drive and erectile dysfunction. AIM: To assess the erectile dysfunction and sex drive in relation to testosterone serum levels in type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 64 patients with type 2 DM were enrolled in this cross-sectional study, according to the treatment types they were divided into three groups, group (A): 34 patients treated with metformin, group (B): 30 patients treated with sulfonylurea and group (C): 27 healthy normal non-diabetic men are taken as control...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208842/assessment-of-serum-vaspin-levels-among-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-with-or-without-acute-coronary-syndrome
#14
Aswathy Jaya Sathyaseelan, Prashant Shankarrao Adole, Mukta Wyawahare, Rama Prakasha Saya
INTRODUCTION: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is on the verge of becoming a pandemic in India. Type 2 DM patient have two to four times increased risk of carotid artery disease. Adipokines have been regarded recently as direct link between diabetes and atherosclerosis. Visceral Adipose Tissue Derived Serine Protease Inhibitor (VASPIN); one of the most recently discovered adipokine, inhibits the proteases responsible for insulin resistance, carotid plaque development and rupture. In literature, few studies have addressed the role of VASPIN in pathogenesis of Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) in patients with type 2 DM...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208839/interventions-for-preventing-childhood-obesity-with-smartphones-and-wearable-device-a-protocol-for-a-non-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Hye Jung Yang, Jae-Heon Kang, Ok Hyun Kim, Mona Choi, Myungju Oh, Jihyun Nam, Eunju Sung
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a critical health issue, both currently and for the foreseeable future. To prevent obesity, behavior changes are essential. Smartphones can be a good tool, as the number of child smartphone users is rapidly increasing. We have developed a mobile platform system named "HAPPY ME," which is a smartphone application coupled with a wearable device, designed to improve healthy behaviors to prevent childhood obesity. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of obesity prevention among children 10-12 years of age using HAPPY ME...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208744/uncovering-adiponectin-replenishing-property-of-sujiaonori-algal-biomaterial-in-humans
#16
Nlandu Roger Ngatu, Mitsunori Ikeda, Hiroyuki Watanabe, Mamoru Tanaka, Masataka Inoue, Sakiko Kanbara, Sayumi Nojima
The replenishment of adiponectin-an adipocyte-derived hormone with salutary health effects-has recently been proposed as a new approach to treat hypertension, also ameliorate cardiovascular and metabolic risks. We conducted a prospective placebo-controlled, non-randomized and investigator-blinded dietary intervention study to evaluate the health effects of dietary intake of Sujiaonori (Ulva/Enteromorpha prolifera Müller) algal biomaterial (SBM), especially on adiponectin production, blood pressure (BP), and body mass index (BMI) in human subjects...
February 8, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207502/impact-of-the-dietary-fatty-acid-intake-on-c-reactive-protein-levels-in-us-adults
#17
Mohsen Mazidi, Hong-Kai Gao, Hassan Vatanparast, Andre Pascal Kengne
Growing evidence suggests that the effects of diet on cardiovascular disease (CVD) occur through mechanisms involving subclinical inflammation. We assessed whether reported dietary fatty acid intake correlates with a serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) concentration in a population-based sample of US men and women.In this cross-sectional analysis, participants were selected from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) and restricted to those with available data on dietary intake, biochemical and anthropometric measurements from 2001 to 2010...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207460/anthropometric-outcome-measures-in-patients-with-metopic-craniosynostosis
#18
Scott J Farber, Dennis C Nguyen, Gary B Skolnick, Sybill D Naidoo, Matthew D Smyth, Kamlesh B Patel
PURPOSE: Treatment of metopic craniosynostosis is performed by either fronto-orbital advancement (FOA) or endoscopic-assisted techniques. Interfrontal angle (IFA) is a validated measure of trigonocephaly, but requires a computed tomography scan. The most common direct measure to assess surgical outcome in patients with trigonocephaly is frontal width (ft-ft). The aim of this study is to determine if frontal width correlates with IFA and successful surgical correction 1 year after treatment...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202944/controversies-in-the-association-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-arterial-stiffness-in-children-and-adolescents
#19
Joanna Meyer, Julia Elmenhorst, Tobias Giegerich, Renate Oberhoffer, Jan Müller
The relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness and arterial compliance in children and adolescents remains controversial. The aim of this study was to assess this association with a quantitative approach. A total of 646 healthy children and adolescents (316 females, age 13.9±2.1 years) were cross-sectionally investigated in seven school settings in and around Munich for their cardiorespiratory fitness and demographic, anthropometric and hemodynamic parameters. Surrogates of arterial stiffness, such as pulse wave velocity (PWV), Augmentation Index normalized to a heart rate of 75 (AI@75), and peripheral and central systolic blood pressures were measured in a supine position using the oscillometric Mobil-O-Graph...
February 16, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201854/impact-of-anthropometric-features-on-the-applicability-and-accuracy-of-fibroscan%C3%A2-m-and-xl-in-overweight-obese-patients
#20
Marc Puigvehí, Teresa Broquetas, Susanna Coll, Montserrat Garcia-Retortillo, Nuria Cañete, Rosa Fernández, Javier Gimeno, Juan Sanchez, Felipe Bory, Juan Pedro-Botet, Ricard Solà, José A Carrión
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Transient elastography (TE) is the reference method for liver stiffness measurement (LSM) in the general population, having lower applicability in obese patients. We evaluated the applicability and diagnostic accuracy of the M and XL probes in overweight/obese patients to establish the most appropriate approach. METHODS: From May 2013 to March 2015 we evaluated patients with a body mass index (BMI) ≥28 kg/m(2) . We constructed an algorithm with variables independently related to unreliable LSM with the M probe...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
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