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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908020/screening-for-dysglycaemia-using-anthropometric-indices-in-an-adult-population-in-oman
#1
Shyam Sundar Ganguly, Kamalesh Sarkar, Samir Al-Adawi, Abdul Aziz Al-Mahrezi
Background: A previous community-based cross-sectional survey conducted in a semi-urban community revealed that 44% of people aged 18+ years manifest dysglycaemia, which appears to echo the national trend. There is lack of studies examining the role of anthropometric indices in people with dysglycaemia. Aim: We explored the screening ability of anthropometric indices, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) to detect dysglycaemia in the adult Omani population based on a community-based survey conducted in 2005...
June 10, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907847/haplotype-analysis-of-endothelial-nitric-oxide-synthase-nos3-genetic-variants-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-healthy-subjects-and-schizophrenia-patients
#2
Nikolai Fattakhov, Liudmila Smirnova, Dmitriy Atochin, Daria Parshukova, Daria Skuratovskaia, Quinn Painter, Pavel Zatolokin, Arkadiy Semke, Larisa Litvinova, Svetlana Ivanova
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The frequency of metabolic syndrome (MetS) is significantly higher in schizophrenia (SCH) patients, when compared to the general populatiotin. The goal of this study was to evaluate whether genetic variants T-786C (rs2070744), G894T (rs1799983) and C774T (rs1549758) in the endothelial nitric oxide (NOS3) gene and/or their haplotypes could be associated with the risk of MetS in SCH patients or healthy subjects from Russian population. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We performed two case-control comparisons...
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907846/greater-blood-volume-and-hb-mass-in-obese-women-quantified-by-the-carbon-monoxide-rebreathing-method-affects-interpretation-of-iron-biomarkers-and-iron-requirements
#3
Ana C Cepeda-Lopez, Michael B Zimmermann, Sophia Wussler, Alida Melse-Boonstra, Nicole Naef, Sandro Manuel Mueller, Marco Toigo, Isabelle Herter-Aeberli
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Iron deficiency (ID) is common in overweight and obese individuals (OW/OB) but the mechanism is uncertain. Greater blood volume (BV) in OW/OB may increase hemoglobin (Hb) mass and iron requirements, and confound iron biomarkers by hemodilution. Quantification of BV/PV changes in OW/OB is challenging and a formula to estimate BV/PV based on anthropometric indices would be valuable. In normal weight (NW) and OW/OB women, we aimed at: (1) measure BV and assess whether differences in BV affect concentrations and total circulating mass of Hb and iron biomarkers; (2) develop an algorithm describing BV in OW/OB...
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907704/growth-and-body-composition-of-children-aged-2-4-years-after-exposure-to-community-mobilisation-women-s-groups-in-bangladesh
#4
Edward Fottrell, Naveed Ahmed, Badrun Nahar, Sanjit Kumer Shaha, Abdul Kuddus, Carlos S Grijalva-Eternod, Tasmin Nahar, Caroline Fall, Clive Osmond, Virginia Govoni, Sarah Finer, Chittaranjan Yajnik, A K Azad Khan, Anthony Costello, Kishwar Azad, Graham A Hitman
BACKGROUND: Women's groups interventions in Bangladesh reduced neonatal deaths by 38% and improved hygienic delivery, newborn care practices and breast feeding. We explore the longer-term impact of exposure to women's groups during pregnancy on child growth at 2-4 years. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional survey of child anthropometric measures (analysed as z-scores) among children born to women who had participated in the women's groups interventions while pregnant, compared with an age-matched and sex-matched sample of children born to control mothers...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907627/the-relationship-between-human-adenovirus-36-and-obesity-in-chinese-han-population
#5
Yan Zhou, Qi Pan, Xiaoxia Wang, Lina Zhang, Fei Xiao, Lixin Guo
The study aimed to explore the prevalence of human adenovirus-36 (HAdV-36) infection and the association of HAdV-36 with obesity in Chinese Han population. A qualitative determination using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was performed to determine by duplication the antibodies to HAdV-36 in the serum samples. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the association between HAdV-36 seropositivity and obesity. The overall HAdV-36 seroprevalence was 49.8% among 824 participants. The prevalence of HAdV-36 seropositive was 42...
June 15, 2018: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907246/cognitive-impairment-and-the-association-between-frailty-and-functional-deficits-are-linked-to-abdominal-obesity-in-the-elderly
#6
Assaf Buch, Eli Carmeli, Gabi Shefer, Lital Keinan-Boker, Yitshal Berner, Yonit Marcus, Rebecca Goldsmith, Naftali Stern
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether specific obesity phenotypes in community-dwelling elderly: (a) affect differently the relationship between frailty and functional impairment and (b) are related to cognitive impairment. STUDY DESIGN: A post-hoc cross-sectional analysis of the last Israeli national health and nutrition survey of the elderly (≥ 65 yrs.; n = 1619). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We implemented a previously validated frailty model based on frailty-related variables that were obtained in the survey...
August 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907146/are-women-with-history-of-pre-eclampsia-starting-a-new-pregnancy-in-good-nutritional-status-in-south-africa-and-zimbabwe
#7
Gabriela Cormick, Ana Pilar Betrán, Janetta Harbron, Tina Dannemann Purnat, Catherine Parker, David Hall, Armando H Seuc, James M Roberts, José M Belizán, G Justus Hofmeyr
BACKGROUND: Maternal nutritional status before and during pregnancy is an important contributor to pregnancy outcomes and early child health. The aim of this study was to describe the preconceptional nutritional status and dietary intake during pregnancy in high-risk women from South Africa and Zimbabwe. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study, nested to the CAP trial. Anthropometric measurements before and during pregnancy and dietary intake using 24-h recall during pregnancy were assessed...
June 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905824/milk-powder-added-to-a-school-meal-increases-cognitive-test-scores-in-ghanaian-children
#8
Reginald Lee, Lauren Singh, Danielle van Liefde, Meghan Callaghan-Gillespie, Matilda Steiner-Asiedu, Kwesi Saalia, Carly Edwards, Anja Serena, Tamara Hershey, Mark J Manary
Background: The inclusion of milk in school feeding is accepted as good nutritional practice, but specific benefits remain uncertain. Objective: The objective was to determine whether consumption of 8.8 g milk protein/d given as milk powder with a multiple micronutrient-enriched porridge resulted in greater increases in linear growth and Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) scores in Ghanaian schoolchildren when compared with 1 of 3 control groups...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905409/l-fabp-and-il-6-as-markers-of-chronic-kidney-damage-in-children-after-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome
#9
Katarzyna Lipiec, Piotr Adamczyk, Elżbieta Świętochowska, Katarzyna Ziora, Maria Szczepańska
BACKGROUND: Hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) is a form of thrombotic microangiopathy, in the course of which some patients may develop chronic kidney disease (CKD). From a clinical point of view, it is important to search for markers that allow for early identification of patients at risk of a poor prognosis. OBJECTIVES: The study evaluated the serum and urine levels of liver-type fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP) and interleukin 6 (IL-6). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted in 29 children with a history of HUS...
June 13, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903378/contribution-of-socioeconomic-factors-to-the-variation-in-body-mass-index-in-58-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-an-econometric-analysis-of-multilevel-data
#10
Rockli Kim, Ichiro Kawachi, Brent A Coull, S V Subramanian
BACKGROUND: Most epidemiological studies have not simultaneously quantified variance in health within and between populations. We aimed to estimate the extent to which basic socioeconomic factors contribute to variation in body-mass index (BMI) across different populations. METHODS: We pooled data from the cross-sectional Demographic and Health Surveys (2005-16) for 15-49 year old women with complete data for anthropometric measures in 58 low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs)...
July 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903271/-differences-between-anthropometric-indices-in-predicting-dyslipidemia-in-chinese-urban-adult-population-and-finding-optimal-cut-off-points
#11
Jian Zhang, Ai Zhao, Shengjie Tan, Wenzhi Zhao, Yan Wang, Ting Li, Ignatius Man-Yau Szeto, Yumei Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To assess the differences between anthropometric indices in predicting dyslipidemia in Chinese urban adult population and find optimal cut-off points. METHODS: A total of 1615 subjects with information on key variables were enrolled by multistage stratified sampling process from March to July in 2016. Information on sociodemographic characteristics( age, gender, nationality, education and income), and health and disease history of subjects was collected...
March 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902980/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-protein-energy-wasting-among-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-at-mulago-hospital-kampala-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Lydia Namuyimbwa, Collins Atuheire, Joel Okullo, Robert Kalyesubula
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is global health concern and priority. It is the 12th leading cause of death worldwide. Protein Energy Wasting occurs in 20-25% of patients with chronic kidney disease and can lead to a high morbidity and mortality rate. We determined the prevalence of protein energy wasting and factors associated among patients with chronic kidney disease at Mulago National Referral Hospital, Kampala, Uganda. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study recruiting 182 (89 non-CKD patients and 93 CKD patients) consecutively from the outpatient clinic and wards on New Mulago Hospital complex...
June 14, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902683/anthropometric-and-body-composition-changes-in-smokers-vs-abstainers-following-an-exercise-aided-pharmacotherapy-smoking-cessation-trial-for-women
#13
Harry Prapavessis, Stefanie De Jesus, Lyndsay Fitzgeorge, Scott Rollo
INTRODUCTION: Post-cessation weight gain contributes to smoking relapse, especially for women. Furthermore, excess weight in the form of android or visceral fat is associated with metabolic health problems. For this study, a secondary analysis was conducted in 2015 to determine whether quitting status, achieved through a 14 week supervised exercise-aided nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) cessation program [Getting Physical on Cigarette Trial-2009 to 2013; Prapavessis, et al., 2016], affects anthropometric and body composition parameters in female smokers (N = 413, M age = 42...
June 7, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901814/physical-fitness-and-body-anthropometrics-profiles-of-the-female-recruits-entering-to-voluntary-military-service
#14
Matti Santtila, Kai Pihlainen, Harri Koski, Tommi Ojanen, Heikki Kyröläinen
Introduction: The physical fitness of male conscripts has decreased, and body mass increased during the last few decades, especially in Nordic countries. However, limited research-based reports are available concerning the physical fitness profiles of female recruits. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate changes in physical fitness and body composition of female recruits entering voluntary Finnish military service between the years 2005 and 2015. Materials and methods: Data were collected from the initial fitness tests performed in military units during the first 2 weeks of military service...
June 13, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901485/associations-between-race-perceived-psychological-stress-and-the-gut-microbiota-in-a-sample-of-generally-healthy-black-and-white-women-a-pilot-study-on-the-role-of-race-and-perceived-psychological-stress
#15
Tiffany L Carson, Fuchenchu Wang, Xiangqin Cui, Bradford E Jackson, William J Van Der Pol, Elliot J Lefkowitz, Casey Morrow, Monica L Baskin
OBJECTIVE: Racial health disparities persist among black and white women for colorectal cancer. Understanding racial differences in the gut microbiota and related covariates (e.g., stress) may yield new insight into unexplained colorectal cancer disparities. METHODS: Healthy non-Hispanic black or white females (age ≥19 years) provided survey data, anthropometrics, and stool samples. Fecal DNA was collected and isolated from a wipe. PCR was used to amplify the V4 region of the 16SrRNA gene and 250 bases were sequenced using the MiSeq platform...
June 12, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901011/the-effect-of-anti-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-treatment-on-muscle-performance-and-endurance-in-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-prospective-follow-up-study
#16
Musa Demirkapi, Mustafa Turgut Yildizgören, Hayal Güler, Ayşe Dicle Turhanoğlu
Objectives: This study aims to evaluate muscle performance by using isokinetic dynamometer before and at third month of anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha treatment in ankylosing spondylitis patients. Patients and methods: Thirty ankylosing spondylitis patients (23 males, 7 females; mean age 39.3±8.6 years; range 18 to 45 years) starting on anti- tumor necrosis factor-alpha treatment and 30 healthy controls (23 males, 7 females; mean age 39.1±8.8 years; range 18 to 48 years) with similar age, body mass index, and sex were enrolled...
December 2017: Archives of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900988/the-association-of-skinfold-anthropometric-measures-body-composition-and-disease-severity-in-obese-and-non-obese-fibromyalgia-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Mehmet Onat Çakit, Burcu Duyur Çakit, Hakan Genç, Seçil Pervane Vural, Hatice Rana Erdem, Meryem Saraçoğlu, Aynur Karagöz
Objectives: This study aims to determine the effects of obesity and obesity related anthropometric and body composition determiners on the severity of fibromyalgia syndrome (FS) and to compare obese, overweight and normoweight FS patients according to general health and psychological status. Patients and methods: The study included 42 obese (mean age 48.8±11.6; range 24 to 65 years), 27 overweight (mean age 47.3±3.4; range 24 to 61 years) and 32 normoweight (mean age 47...
March 2018: Archives of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900161/the-impact-of-educational-interventions-on-osteoporosis-knowledge-among-korean-osteoporosis-patients
#18
Won Seok Jo, Eun Hee Cho, Beon Jung Kang, Gi Du Kwon, Yong-Chan Ha, Sunmee Jang, Ha Young Kim
Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of an educational intervention that includes information sharing about absolute fracture risk on the knowledge of osteoporosis and modifiable risk factors among Korean patients with osteoporosis. Methods: Adults aged >50 years who visited the outpatient clinic for osteoporosis were recruited. Subjects with trauma-related fractures or pathological fractures were excluded. The anthropometric data and clinical risk factors for fracture were collected at baseline...
May 2018: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899703/anthropometry-body-composition-and-performance-in-sport-specific-field-test-in-female-wheelchair-basketball-players
#19
Valentina Cavedon, Carlo Zancanaro, Chiara Milanese
Data on the physical and performance characteristics of female wheelchair basketball (WB) players are scarce. In several countries female WB players train and compete with male players on mixed teams due to the limited total population of players, which would otherwise lead to large territorial spread for each team. Any differences in terms of physical characteristics and/or WB skill proficiency between male and female WB players would be relevant to team performance in mixed teams. This work examined anthropometry, body composition, and performance in a set of sport-specific field tests in a sample of 13 female WB players representing about 40% of the eligible population in Italy across a range of functional point scores (Point)...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899648/relationship-between-refraction-anthropometrics-and-educational-status-in-a-nigerian-young-adult-population
#20
Sarat A Badmus, Ayotunde I Ajaiyeoba, Bernice O Adegbehingbe, Oluwatoyin H Onakpoya, Adenike O Adeoye, Sanyaolu A Ameye
PURPOSE: The study aimed at determining the relationship between refraction and anthropometric measurements and the relationship between the level of education and refractive status in a Nigerian young adult population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Healthy volunteers from the students and staff of a teaching hospital in South-Western Nigeria were studied. Demographic profiles including participants' highest educational status, parental educational level, and the age at first formal school enrollment were documented...
January 2018: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
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