keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Anthropometric

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453514/prevalence-and-determinants-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-among-the-overweight-and-obese-singaporeans-seeking-weight-management-including-bariatric-surgery-a-relationship-with-bone-health
#1
Marc Weijie Ong, Chun Hai Tan, Anton Kui Sing Cheng
PURPOSE: Low vitamin D status is prevalent worldwide and has been linked to a variety of pathologies including obesity in adults. The severity of vitamin D deficiency amongst the overweight and obese Singaporeans is not well documented. The purpose of this prospective observational study was to assess the prevalence and determinants of vitamin D deficiency in a multi-ethnic Asian population referred for weight management, including those seeking bariatric surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among 111 consecutive subjects referred to a single institution weight management service in Singapore...
February 16, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452889/anthropometric-and-biochemical-determinants-of-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-in-a-large-cohort-of-obese-children
#2
Pierluigi Marzuillo, Anna Grandone, Anna Di Sessa, Stefano Guarino, Mario Diplomatico, Giuseppina Rosaria Umano, Cesare Polito, Angela La Manna, Laura Perrone, Emanuele Miraglia Del Giudice
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate which clinical and metabolic factors could influence the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) levels, evaluating a large population of obese children without suspect of primary kidney disease. DESIGN: Retrospective, cross-sectional study. SETTING: Pediatric university department. SUBJECTS: We enrolled 2,957 obese children and adolescents consecutively attending our department between January 2000 and 2017...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452178/effects-of-canagliflozin-versus-glimepiride-on-adipokines-and-inflammatory-biomarkers-in-type-2-diabetes
#3
W Timothy Garvey, Luc Van Gaal, Lawrence A Leiter, Ujjwala Vijapurkar, James List, Robert Cuddihy, Jimmy Ren, Michael J Davies
OBJECTIVE: Type 2 diabetes and obesity are pro-inflammatory states associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Canagliflozin, an SGLT2 inhibitor, demonstrated superiority in lowering HbA1c versus glimepiride with less hypoglycemia and greater weight reduction via loss of fat mass in a 52-week trial of type 2 diabetes patients. This post hoc, exploratory analysis assessed the effects of canagliflozin versus glimepiride on select adipokines, inflammatory biomarkers, and chemokines...
February 13, 2018: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451860/a-hierarchical-bayesian-tri-variate-analysis-on-factors-associated-with-anthropometric-measures-in-a-large-sample-of-children-and-adolescents-the-caspian-iv-study
#4
Roya Kelishadi, Zahra Heidari, Iraj Kazemi, Tohid Jafari-Koshki, Marjan Mansourian, Mohammad-Esmaeil Motlagh, Ramin Heshmat
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess determinants of anthropometric measures in a nationally representative sample of Iranian children and adolescents. METHODS: This nationwide study was conducted among 13,280 students, aged 6-18 years, who were randomly selected from 30 provinces in Iran. Anthropometric measures were determined by calibrated instruments. Demographic and socio-economic (SES) variables, lifestyle behaviors, family history of chronic disease and prenatal factors were studied, as well...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451645/intragastric-balloons-in-high-risk-obese-patients-in-a-brazilian-center-initial-experience
#5
Alana Costa Borges, Paulo César Almeida, Stella M T Furlani, Marcelo DE Sousa Cury, Shantanu Gaur
OBJECTIVE: to assess the short-term efficacy, tolerance and complications in high-risk morbidly obese patients treated with an intragastric balloon as a bridge for surgery. METHODS: we conducted a post-hoc analysis study in a Brazilian teaching hospital from 2010 to 2014, with 23 adult patients with a BMI of 48kg/m2, who received a single intragastric air or liquid balloon. We defined efficacy as 10% excess weight loss, and complications, as adverse events consequent to the intragastric balloon diagnosed after the initial accommodative period...
2018: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451638/-association-between-health-anthropometric-indexes-with-physical-fitness-in-physically-active-elderly-women
#6
Pablo Valdés-Badilla, Andrés Godoy-Cumillaf, Jenny Ortega-Spuler, Tomás Herrera-Valenzuela, Samuel Durán-Agüero, José Zapata-Bastias, Rodrigo Vargas-Vitoria, Eduardo Guzmán-Muñoz, Antonio López-Fuenzalida
OBJECTIVE: To associate health anthropometric indexes with physical fitness of elderly women (EW) who participate in physical exercise workshops. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 272 Chilean women over 60 years took part in the study. The variables studied were BMI, waist circumference (WC), waist-height index (WHI) and physical fitness (PF). Correlations were made through the Pearson or Spearman coefficient, and bivariate associations using Pearson's Chi-square and the Fisher's exact test, considering p<0...
November 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451609/diagnostic-properties-and-cutoff-points-for-overweight-prediction-through-anthropometric-indicators-in-adolescents-from-caracol-piau%C3%A3-brazil-2011
#7
Samuel Carvalho Dumith, Monica de Fátima Rossato Muraro, Aline Rodrigues Monteiro, Karla Pereira Machado, Mariane Dias, Manoela Maciel Oliz, Juraci Almeida César
OBJECTIVE: to assess the diagnostic criteria and propose cutoff points for waist circumference (WC), arm circumference (AC), leg circumference (LC) and waist/height ratio (WHR) for overweight prediction in adolescents. METHODS: a census with all individuals aged 13-19 years old (N=1,075) from the municipality of Caracol-PI, Brazil was carried out; overweight was defined as body mass index (BMI) above one z-score, according to the criterion of the World Health Organization...
2018: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451589/active-brazilian-crack-cocaine-users-nutritional-anthropometric-and-drug-use-profiles
#8
Mariana Escobar, Juliana N Scherer, Cassia M Soares, Luciano S P Guimarães, Martine E Hagen, Lisia von Diemen, Flavio Pechansky
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the nutritional status of crack users and to analyze its correlation with drug use profiles. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with 108 crack users. Anthropometric data were assessed through body mass index (BMI) and bioimpedance (BIA) measurements. A blood test to analyze hematocrit, hemoglobin, glucose, and lipid profiles was also performed. Crack use was determined through a standardized interview. RESULTS: Based on BMI and BIA, most individuals were eutrophic (about 70%)...
February 15, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451314/aortic-diameters-and-mild-functional-aortic-regurgitation-in-hypertensive-and-normotensive-people-do-they-carry-the-same-meaning
#9
Olga Vriz, Nicole Bertin, Eduardo Bossone, Paolo Palatini
OBJECTIVES: The association between the aortic root diameter and aortic regurgitation in hypertensive and normotensive people is still disputed, and the underlying mechanisms remain to be clearly elucidated. We aimed to investigate the relationship between the aortic root diameter and trivial to mild functional aortic regurgitation in never-treated hypertensive patients with a new diagnosis compared with healthy normotensive participants. METHODS: A total of 182 hypertensives and 232 age-matched normotensives were included in the study...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451068/increased-visceral-adipose-tissue-and-altered-adiposity-distribution-in-premenopausal-lupus-patients-correlation-with-cardiovascular-risk-factors
#10
L P C Seguro, J A Paupitz, V F Caparbo, E Bonfa, R M R Pereira
Objective Visceral adipose tissue (VAT) correlates with cardiovascular risk factors and has never been assessed in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Our aim was to evaluate VAT in premenopausal SLE patients. Methods Sixty-three premenopausal SLE patients and 186 age-matched healthy women were included. Demographic, anthropometric, disease and treatment parameters were evaluated. VAT was measured by dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) with APEX 4.0 software. Results SLE patients had a disease duration of 5.25 ± 3...
January 1, 2018: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450794/association-between-obstetric-provider-s-advice-and-gestational-weight-gain
#11
Andrea Lopez-Cepero, Katherine Leung, Tiffany Moore Simas, Milagros C Rosal
Objective This study examined associations between pregnant women's report of obstetric provider GWG advice, self-reported adherence to such advice, and GWG. Methods Healthy pregnant women (N = 91) who started obstetric care prior to 17 weeks of gestation completed assessments between 30 and 34 weeks of gestation. These included survey (questions on receipt of and adherence to provider GWG advice, and demographics) and anthropometric measures. GWG data were abstracted from electronic health records. Analyses included Chi square and Mann-Whitney tests, and binary and multivariate logistic regressions...
February 15, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450605/abbreviated-mpmri-protocol-for-diffuse-liver-disease-a-practical-approach-for-evaluation-and-follow-up-of-nafld
#12
Guilherme Moura Cunha, Cristiane A Villela-Nogueira, Anke Bergman, Flavia Paiva Proença Lobo Lopes
AIM: Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) may help determine the metabolic profile of patients with obesity and metabolic syndrome in addition to their clinical and laboratory biomarkers for diagnosis and monitoring. An abbreviated mpMRI protocol may be a faster, less-costly, and easier to perform alternative for the diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of patients with NAFLD and for use in clinical trials. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate an abbreviated mpMRI protocol tailored to analyze quantitative imaging features of patients with obesity and NAFLD and assess its use during treatment...
February 15, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449424/sex-differences-in-the-associations-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-with-epidemiologic-factors
#13
Tianyi Huang, Brian M Lin, Sarah C Markt, Meir J Stampfer, Francine Laden, Frank B Hu, Shelley S Tworoger, Susan Redline
Despite well-known male predominance in the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), sex differences in the associations between OSA and a comprehensive range of epidemiologic factors remain less clear.We examined the prevalence of self-reported OSA in 143 326 women (age: 48-93) from the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and NHSII and 22 896 men from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (age: 65-101) in 2012-2013. Multivariable logistic regression was used to estimate the sex-specific prevalence odds ratios (pOR) and 95% CIs of OSA by demographic, anthropometric, lifestyle and co-morbidity factors...
February 15, 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448006/plasma-triglycerides-as-a-risk-factor-for-chronic-kidney-disease-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-evidence-from-the-northeastern-of-thailand
#14
Sojib Bin Zaman, Mohd Anisul Karim, Naznin Hossain, Gulam Muhammed Al Kibria, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam
AIMS: To investigate the observational association between plasma triglyceride and CKD in patients with T2DM. METHODS: A hospital-based retrospective registry was used to obtain data of 3748 T2DM patients from May 2016 to October 2016. Anthropometric measurements and biochemical reports of T2DM patients with CKD were obtained by data extraction of medical records. CKD was defined according to the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR <60mL/min/1.73 m 2 )...
February 12, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448005/ratio-of-muscle-mass-to-fat-mass-assessed-by-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-is-significantly-correlated-with-liver-fat-accumulation-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Noboru Kurinami, Seigo Sugiyama, Ayami Morita, Akira Yoshida, Kunio Hieshima, Fumio Miyamoto, Keizo Kajiwara, Katsunori Jinnouch, Tomio Jinnouchi, Hideaki Jinnouchi
AIMS: Obesity and ectopic fat accumulation are important conditions of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Our aim was to determine whether bioelectrical impedance body composition analysis combined with blood test results could estimate liver ectopic fat accumulation in patients with treatment-naïve T2DM. METHODS: Subjects were 119 untreated T2DM patients. Computed tomography scans were performed to calculate the liver to spleen attenuation ratio (L/S ratio) as a measure of liver fat accumulation, with excess liver fat accumulation defined as an L/S ratio <1...
February 12, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447201/estimation-model-for-habitual-24-hour-urinary-sodium-excretion-using-simple-questionnaires-from-normotensive-koreans
#16
Ji-Sook Kong, Yeon-Kyung Lee, Mi Kyung Kim, Mi-Kyeong Choi, Young-Ran Heo, Taisun Hyun, Sun Mee Kim, Eun-Soon Lyu, Se-Young Oh, Hae-Ryun Park, Moo-Yong Rhee, Hee-Kyong Ro, Mi Kyung Song
This study was conducted to develop an equation for estimation of 24-h urinary-sodium excretion that can serve as an alternative to 24-h dietary recall and 24-h urine collection for normotensive Korean adults. In total, data on 640 healthy Korean adults aged 19 to 69 years from 4 regions of the country were collected as a training set. In order to externally validate the equation developed from that training set, 200 subjects were recruited independently as a validation set. Due to heterogeneity by gender, we constructed a gender-specific equation for estimation of 24-h urinary-sodium excretion by using a multivariable linear regression model and assessed the performance of the developed equation in validation set...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447114/higher-d-lactate-levels-are-associated-with-higher-prevalence-of-small-dense-low-density-lipoprotein-in-obese-adolescents
#17
Reyna Rodríguez-Mortera, Claudia Luevano-Contreras, Sergio Solorio-Meza, Russell Caccavello, Yasmin Bains, Ma Eugenia Garay-Sevilla, Alejandro Gugliucci
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is associated with insulin resistance (IR), increased levels of small dense low-density lipoprotein (sd-LDL) as well as with augmented hepatic de novo lipogenesis, which implies increased triose phosphate fluxes that may lead to increased methylglyoxal (MG) and its catabolic end product D-lactate. We hypothesized that obese adolescents have increased D-lactate serum levels associated with high incidence of sd-LDL. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study where the anthropometric characteristics, atherogenic dyslipidemia complex, sd-LDL (Lipoprint, Quantimetrix) and D-lactate (kinetic enzymatic analysis) were explored in 30 lean vs...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447044/improving-the-health-of-mental-health-staff-through-exercise-interventions-a-systematic-review
#18
Hamish Fibbins, Philip B Ward, Andrew Watkins, Jackie Curtis, Simon Rosenbaum
BACKGROUND: Exercise interventions are efficacious in reducing cardiometabolic risk and improving symptoms in people with severe mental illness, yet evidence guiding the implementation and scalability of such efforts is lacking. Given increasing efforts to address the disparity in physical health outcomes facing people with a mental illness, novel approaches to increasing adoption of effective interventions are required. Exercise interventions targeting mental health staff may improve staff health while also creating more positive attitudes towards the role of lifestyle interventions for people experiencing mental illness...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446833/body-fat-content-fat-distribution-and-adipocytokine-production-and-their-correlation-with-fertility-markers-in-young-adult-men-and-women-conceived-by-icsi
#19
F Belva, J De Schepper, M Roelants, H Tournaye, M Bonduelle, S Provyn
OBJECTIVE: Differences in body fat content during childhood and adolescence have been described in offspring conceived by In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) and Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI). However, data on body fat and its distribution as well as on adipocytokine production in young adults conceived by ICSI are non-existent. We investigated if young adult men and women conceived by ICSI have a normal body fat patterning and adipocytokine production. DESIGN: Cohort study...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446828/novel-insights-on-testicular-volume-and-testosterone-replacement-therapy-in-klinefelter-patients-undergoing-testicular-sperm-extraction-a-retrospective-clinical-study
#20
Andrea Garolla, Riccardo Selice, Massimo Menegazzo, Umberto Valente, Filiberto Zattoni, Massimo Iafrate, Tommaso Prayer-Galetti, Marina Gardiman Paola, Alberto Ferlin, Andrea Di Nisio, Carlo Foresta
STUDY QUESTION: To investigate whether sperm recovery is related to clinical features, hormone parameters and testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) in patients with Klinefelter syndrome (KS). SUMMARY ANSWER: This study provides three interesting insights: i) the probability to retrieve sperm is not related to testicular volume; ii) TRT does not affect sperm retrieval rate (SRR); iii) reduced levels of LH and FSH represent a negative predictor of sperm retrieval in patients with TRT...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
keyword
keyword
6954
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"