keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Delirium critical care

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907964/critical-care-neurology-perspective-on-delirium
#1
Matthew B Maas, Andrew M Naidech
The evidence linking delirium to poor outcomes after critical illness is compelling, including higher mortality, prolonged mechanical ventilation, longer length of intensive care unit stay, and long-term cognitive impairments. The attitude toward delirium in the neurologic community is shifting away from viewing it as an unmodifiable, inevitable consequence of severe illness to treating it is as a neurologic emergency, akin to seizures or encephalitis. Delirium, like other manifestations of critical illness encephalopathy, is an organ dysfunction syndrome...
December 2016: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902947/what-factors-affect-implementation-of-early-rehabilitation-into-intensive-care-unit-practice-a-qualitative-study-with-clinicians
#2
Selina M Parry, Louisa Remedios, Linda Denehy, Laura D Knight, Lisa Beach, Thomas C Rollinson, Sue Berney, Zudin A Puthucheary, Peter Morris, Catherine L Granger
PURPOSE: To identify the barriers and enablers that influence clinicians' implementation of early rehabilitation in critical care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Qualitative study involving 26 multidisciplinary participants who were recruited using purposive sampling. Four focus groups were conducted using semistructured questions to explore attitudes, beliefs, and experiences. Data were transcribed verbatim and thematic analysis was performed. RESULTS: Six themes emerged, as follows: (1) the clinicians' expectations and knowledge (including rationale for rehabilitation, perceived benefits, and experience), (2) the evidence for and application of rehabilitation (including beliefs regarding when to intervene), (3) patient factors (including prognosis, sedation, delirium, cooperation, motivation, goals, and family), (4) safety considerations (including physiological stability and presence of devices or lines), (5) environmental influences (staffing, resources, equipment, time, and competing priorities), and (6) culture and teamwork...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898439/limiting-sedation-for-patients-with-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-time-to-wake-up
#3
Faraaz Ali Shah, Timothy D Girard, Sachin Yende
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Critically ill patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) may require sedation in their clinical care. The goals of sedation in ARDS patients are to improve patient comfort and tolerance of supportive and therapeutic measures without contributing to adverse outcomes. This review discusses the current evidence for sedation management in patients with ARDS. RECENT FINDINGS: Deep sedation strategies should be avoided in the care of patients with ARDS because deep sedation has been associated with increased time on mechanical ventilation, longer ICU and hospital length of stay, and higher mortality in critically ill patients...
November 24, 2016: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893697/morbidity-and-mortality-predictivity-of-nutritional-assessment-tools-in-the-postoperative-care-unit
#4
Şule Özbilgin, Volkan Hanc, Dilek Ömür, Mücahit Özbilgin, Mine Tosun, Serhan Yurtlu, Semih Küçükgüçlü, Atalay Arkan
The aim was to evaluate the nutritional situation of patients admitted to the Postoperative Acute Care Unit using classic methods of objective anthropometry, systemic evaluation methods, and Nutrition Risk in Critically Ill (NUTRIC) score, and to compare them as a predictor of morbidity and mortality.At admission to the postoperative care unit, patients undergoing various surgeries were assessed for the following items: Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), Nutritional Risk Index (NRI), Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS)-2002, Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), and NUTRIC score, anthropometric measurements, serum total protein, serum albumin, and lymphocyte count...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891229/nicotine-replacement-therapy-for-agitation-and-delirium-management-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#5
Melanie Kowalski, Andrew A Udy, Hayden J McRobbie, Michael J Dooley
BACKGROUND: Active smokers are prevalent within the intensive care setting and place a significant burden on healthcare systems. Nicotine withdrawal due to forced abstinence on admission may contribute to increased agitation and delirium in this patient group. The aim of this systematic review was to determine whether management of nicotine withdrawal, with nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), reduces agitation and delirium in critically ill patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU)...
2016: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881149/antipsychotic-prescribing-patterns-during-and-after-critical-illness-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Jason E Tomichek, Joanna L Stollings, Pratik P Pandharipande, Rameela Chandrasekhar, E Wesley Ely, Timothy D Girard
BACKGROUND: Antipsychotics are used to treat delirium in the intensive care unit (ICU) despite unproven efficacy. We hypothesized that atypical antipsychotic treatment in the ICU is a risk factor for antipsychotic prescription at discharge, a practice that might increase risk since long-term use is associated with increased mortality. METHODS: After excluding patients on antipsychotics prior to admission, we examined antipsychotic use in a prospective cohort of ICU patients with acute respiratory failure and/or shock...
November 24, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878605/-special-medical-problems-in-end-of-life-care-crisis-at-the-end-of-life-which-therapy-is-adequate-and-when-is-redefining-treatment-goals-appropriate
#7
Gesine Benze, Bernd Alt-Epping, Friedemann Nauck
Crisis at the end of life are exceptional challenges for patients, relatives and therapists. With respect to the individual treatment goals and the patients' autonomy, therapeutic action should be commenced in an adequate manner in order to preserve the patients' quality of life as much as possible. Advance care planning for specific critical scenarios may be helpful in order to treat patients according to their wishes and values even if they are not capable to express themselves. Furthermore, a crisis plan can define the scope of action for therapists in emergency situations...
November 23, 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850745/1108-improving-the-management-of-pain-sedation-and-delirium-in-ventilated-adult-critical-care-patients
#8
Christy Rooks, Angela Dechand, Austin Jackson, Salah Najm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849239/importance-of-the-use-of-protocols-for-the-management-of-analgesia-and-sedation-in-pediatric-intensive-care-unit
#9
Emiliana Motta, Michele Luglio, Artur Figueiredo Delgado, Werther Brunow de Carvalho
Introduction: Analgesia and sedation are essential elements in patient care in the intensive care unit (ICU), in order to promote the control of pain, anxiety and agitation, prevent the loss of devices, accidental extubation, and improve the synchrony of the patient with mechanical ventilation. However, excess of these medications leads to rise in morbidity and mortality. The ideal management will depend on the adoption of clinical and pharmacological measures, guided by scales and protocols...
September 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797086/risk-factors-for-new-onset-delirium-in-patients-with-bloodstream-infections-independent-and-quantitative-effect-of-catheters-and-drainages-a-four-year-cohort-study
#10
Tolga Dittrich, Sarah Tschudin-Sutter, Andreas F Widmer, Stephan Rüegg, Stephan Marsch, Raoul Sutter
BACKGROUND: Bloodstream infections (BSI) and delirium are frequent in critically ill patients. During systemic inflammatory response to BSI, cytokines may interact with neurotransmitters and neuronal receptors driving acute brain dysfunction. However, prospectively collected data on incidence, prediction and impact of delirium in association with BSI are lacking. This study aimed to determine the incidence and predictors of new-onset delirium and its impact on outcome in critically ill adult patients with BSI...
December 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791223/non-pharmacological-interventions-to-prevent-or-treat-delirium-in-older-patients-clinical-practice-recommendations-the-senator-ontop-series
#11
I Abraha, J M Rimland, F Trotta, V Pierini, A Cruz-Jentoft, R Soiza, D O'Mahony, A Cherubini
DESCRIPTION: The ONTOP project aims to undertake a literature search of systematic reviews concerning evidence-based non-pharmacological interventions of prevalent medical conditions affecting older people, including delirium. OBJECTIVES: To develop explicit and transparent recommendations for non-pharmacological interventions in older subjects at risk of developing delirium, as well as in older subjects with delirium, based on the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach to rating the quality of evidence and the strength of recommendations...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776336/role-of-statins-in-delirium-prevention-in-critical-ill-and-cardiac-surgery-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Saraschandra Vallabhajosyula, Arun Kanmanthareddy, Patricia J Erwin, Dennis J Esterbrooks, Lee E Morrow
BACKGROUND: The data evaluating the role of statins in delirium prevention in the intensive care unit are conflicting and limited. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of literature from 1975 to 2015. All English-language adult studies evaluating delirium incidence in statin and statin nonusers were included and studies without a control group were excluded. Mantel-Haenszel model was used to calculate pooled risk ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761759/caring-for-critically-ill-oldest-old-patients-a-clinical-review
#13
Nicola Vargas, Loredana Tibullo, Emanuela Landi, Giovanni Carifi, Alfonso Pirone, Antonio Pippo, Immacolata Alviggi, Renato Tizzano, Elisa Salsano, Francesco Di Grezia, Maria Vargas
Despite technological advances, the mortality rate for critically ill oldest old patients remains high. The intensive caring should be able to combine technology and a deep humanity considering that the patients are living the last part of their lives. In addition to the traditional goals of ICU of reducing morbidity and mortality, of maintaining organ functions and restoring health, caring for seriously oldest old patients should take into account their end-of-life preferences, the advance or proxy directives if available, the prognosis, the communication, their life expectancy and the impact of multimorbidity...
October 19, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757003/off-label-use-of-dexmedetomidine-for-the-treatment-of-delirium-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#14
Huan Mark Nguyen, Doreen Pon
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate recent clinical studies involving the use of dexmedetomidine (DEX) infusion for the treatment of delirium in the intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: A literature search was conducted to identify peer-reviewed articles in MEDLINE (1966-June 2016) using the terms sedation, analgesic, dexmedetomidine, delirium, and critically ill adult patients. RESULTS: Two studies in the ICU setting reported the potential benefits of DEX for managing agitation during weaning from mechanical ventilation...
October 2016: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749567/morbidity-and-mortality-predictivity-of-nutritional-assessment-tools-in-the-postoperative-care-unit
#15
Şule Özbilgin, Volkan Hancı, Dilek Ömür, Mücahit Özbilgin, Mine Tosun, Serhan Yurtlu, Semih Küçükgüçlü, Atalay Arkan
The aim was to evaluate the nutritional situation of patients admitted to the Postoperative Acute Care Unit using classic methods of objective anthropometry, systemic evaluation methods, and Nutrition Risk in Critically Ill (NUTRIC) score, and to compare them as a predictor of morbidity and mortality.At admission to the postoperative care unit, patients undergoing various surgeries were assessed for the following items: Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), Nutritional Risk Index (NRI), Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS)-2002, Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), and NUTRIC score, anthropometric measurements, serum total protein, serum albumin, and lymphocyte count...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749432/the-abcde-bundle-a-survey-of-nurses-knowledge-and-attitudes-in-the-intensive-care-units-of-a-national-teaching-hospital-in-italy
#16
Floriana Pinto, Gianni Biancofiore
BACKGROUND: The ABCDE (Awakening and Breathing coordination of daily sedation and ventilator removal trials; Choice of sedative or analgesic exposure; Delirium monitoring and management; and Early mobility and exercise) bundle is a multidisciplinary set of evidence-based practices for improving patient outcomes in the intensive care unit. Nurses are critical to all the bundle's requirements. Therefore, understanding their knowledge, attitudes, and perception of the different bundle's components might help for an easier implementation into everyday clinical practice...
November 2016: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729950/prevention-of-post-operative-delirium-in-the-elderly-using-pharmacological-agents
#17
Patrice Tremblay, Susan Gold
INTRODUCTION: Post-operative delirium (POD) is a serious surgical complication that can cause significant morbidity and mortality. It is associated with prolonged hospital stay, delayed admission to rehabilitation programs, persistent cognitive deficits, marked health-care costs, and more. The pathophysiology is multi-factorial and not completely understood, which complicates the optimal management. Non-pharmacological measures have been the mainstay of treatment, but there has been an ongoing interest in the medical literature on the prevention of post-operative delirium using medications...
September 2016: Canadian Geriatrics Journal: CGJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687720/prevention-of-critical-care-complications-in-the-coronary-intensive-care-unit-protocols-bundles-and-insights-from-intensive-care-studies
#18
Sean van Diepen, Wendy I Sligl, Jeffrey B Washam, Ian C Gilchrist, Rakesh C Arora, Jason N Katz
Over the past half century, coronary care units have expanded from specialized ischemia arrhythmia monitoring units into intensive care units (ICUs) for acutely ill and medically complex patients with a primary cardiac diagnosis. Patients admitted to contemporary coronary intensive care units (CICUs) are at risk for common and preventable critical care complications, yet many CICUs have not adopted standard-of-care prevention protocols and practices from general ICUs. In this article, we (1) review evidence-based interventions and care bundles that reduce the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia, excess sedation during mechanical ventilation, central line infections, stress ulcers, malnutrition, delirium, and medication errors and (2) recommend pragmatic adaptations for common conditions in critically ill patients with cardiac disease, and (3) provide example order sets and practical CICU protocol implementation strategies...
July 1, 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686460/esicm-lives-2016-part-two-milan-italy-1-5-october-2016
#19
S Sivakumar, F S Taccone, K A Desai, C Lazaridis, M Skarzynski, M Sekhon, W Henderson, D Griesdale, L Chapple, A Deane, L Williams, R Strickland, K Lange, D Heyland, M Chapman, M J Rowland, P Garry, J Westbrook, R Corkill, C A Antoniades, K T Pattinson, G Fatania, A J Strong, R B Myers, C Lazaridis, C M Jermaine, C S Robertson, C G Rusin, J Hofmeijer, L Sondag, M C Tjepkema-Cloostermans, A Beishuizen, F H Bosch, M J A M van Putten, L Carteron, C Patet, D Solari, M Oddo, M A Ali, C Dias, R Almeida, A Vaz-Ferreira, J Silva, E Monteiro, A Cerejo, A P Rocha, A A Elsayed, A M Abougabal, B N Beshey, K M Alzahaby, S Pozzebon, A Blandino Ortiz, S Cristallini, O Lheureux, A Brasseur, J L Vincent, J Creteur, F S Taccone, M Hravnak, K Yousef, Y Chang, E Crago, R M Friedlander, S A Abdelmonem, S A Tahon, T A Helmy, H S Meligy, F Puig, I Dunn-Siegrist, J Pugin, S Gupta, D Govil, S Srinivasan, S J Patel, J K N, A Gupta, D S Tomar, M Shafi, R Harne, D P Arora, N Talwar, S Mazumdar, E E Papakrivou, D Makris, E Manoulakas, B Tsolaki, B Karadodas, E Zakynthinos, I Palacios Garcia, A Diaz Martin, V Sanchez Encinares, M Pachón Ibañez, J Garnacho Montero, G Labrador, T Cebrero Cangueiro, V Poulose, J Koh, J W Kam, H Yeter, A Kara, O Aktepe, A Topeli, I Tsolakoglou, G Intas, P Stergiannis, A A Kolaros, E Chalari, E Athanasiadou, A Martika, G Fildisis, V Faivre, C Mengelle, B Favier, D Payen, A Poppe, M S Winkler, E Mudersbach, J Schreiber, M L Wruck, E Schwedhelm, S Kluge, C Zöllner, T Tavladaki, A M Spanaki, H Dimitriou, E Kondili, C Choulaki, E Meleti, D Kafetzopoulos, D Georgopoulos, G Briassoulis, A García-de la Torre, M V de la Torre-Prados, T Tsvetanova-Spasova, P Nuevo-Ortega, C Rueda-Molina, A Fernández-Porcel, E Camara-Sola, L Salido-Díaz, A García-Alcántara, T Tavladaki, A M Spanaki, H Dimitriou, E Kondili, C Choulaki, D E Meleti, D Kafetzopoulos, D Georgopoulos, G Briassoulis, B Suberviola, J Riera, L Rellan, M Sanchez, J C Robles, E Lopez, R Vicente, E Miñambres, M Santibañez, M Le Guen, J Moore, N Mason, M Windpassinger, O Plattner, E Mascha, D I Sessler, Outcomes Research, U Melia, J Fontanet, J P van den Berg, M M R F Struys, H E M Vereecke, E W Jensen, P J T Rood, F van de Schoor, K van Tertholen, P Pickkers, M van den Boogaard, Z J Beardow, H Redhead, K Paramasivam, T Numan, M van den Boogaard, A M Kamper, P Rood, L M Peelen, P M Zeman, A J Slooter, C E van Ewijk, G E Jacobs, A R J Girbes, S N Myatra, M M Harish, N R Prabu, S Siddiqui, A P Kulkarni, J V Divatia, L D Murbach, M A Leite, E F Osaku, C R L M Costa, M Pelenz, N M Neitzke, M M Moraes, J L Jaskowiak, M M M Silva, R S Zaponi, L R L Abentroth, S M Ogasawara, A C Jorge, P A D Duarte, N Hernández-Sánchez, L A Sánchez-Hurtado, F J García-Guillen, S A Ñamendys-Silva, B Maghsoudi, M Emami, M B Khosravi, F Zand, H R Tabatabaie, M Masjedi, G Sabetiyan, A Mokri, J Troubleyn, M Diltoer, R Jacobs, D N Nguyen, E De Waele, J De Regt, P M Honoré, V Van Gorp, H D Spapen, R S Contreras, N D Toapanta, G Moreno, J Sabater, H Torrado, M Gonzalez, M Marin, E Farigola, A Gonzalez, J Fernandez, A Vera, X Gisbert, C Juliá, J Uya, L Corral, I Elias-Jones, L Gemmell, A MacKay, D Randall, A Adwaney, M Blunden, J R Prowle, C J Kirwan, N Thomas, A Martin, H Owen, L Darwin, D Conway, D Atkinson, M Sharman, J Moore, C Barbanti, J Amour, P Gaudard, B Rozec, P Mauriat, M M'rini, P L Leger, G Cambonie, J M Liet, C Girard, S Laroche, P Damas, Z Assaf, G Loron, L Lecourt, P Pouard, D Randall, A Adwaney, M Blunden, J R Prowle, C J Kirwan, S H Kim, S Na, J Kim, S Y Oh, C W Jung, S H Yoo, S H Min, E J Chung, H Lee, N J Lee, K W Lee, K S Suh, H G Ryu, D C Marshall, R J Goodson, J D Salciccioli, J Shalhoub, E K Potter, J Kirk-Bayley, N D Karanjia, L G Forni, B C Creagh-Brown, M Bossy, M Nyman, A Tailor, B Creagh-Brown, D D'Antini, S Spadaro, F Valentino, F Sollitto, G Cinnella, L Mirabella, F J Redondo Calvo, N Bejarano, D Padilla, V Baladron, P Villajero, R Villazala, J Redondo, A S Yuste, J Liu, F Shen, J L Teboul, N Anguel, A Beurton, N Bezaz, C Richard, X Monnet, T Fossali, R Colombo, D Ottolina, M Rossetti, C Mazzucco, A Marchi, A Porta, E Catena, K H Tollisen, G Ø Andersen, F Heyerdahl, D Jacobsen, M C de Waard, A R J Girbes, M C O van IJzendoorn, H Buter, W P Kingma, G J Navis, E C Boerma, J Rulisek, M Balik, S Zacharov, H S Kim, S J Jeon, H Namgung, E Lee, E Lee, Y J Cho, Y J Lee, A Huang, L Cioccari, N Luethi, J Mårtensson, R Bellomo, M Forsberg, G Edman, J Höjer, S Forsberg, M T Chiquito Freile, F N Hidalgo, J A Martinez Molina, R Lecumberri, A Figuerola Rosselló, P Medrano Travieso, G Tuero Leon, J Gonzalez Sanchez, L Sahuquillo Frias, D Balsells Rosello, J A Garcia Verdejo, J A Noria Serrano, D Winterwerp, T van Galen, A Vazin, I Karimzade, A Zand, E Ozen, S Ekemen, A Akcan, E Sen, B Buyukkidan Yelken, N Kureshi, L Fenerty, G Thibault-Halman, M Erdogan, S Walling, R S Green, D B Clarke, P Briassoulis, K Kalimeris, A Ntzouvani, T Nomikos, K Papaparaskeva, E Politi, G Kostopanagiotou, K Crewdson, M Rehn, A Weaver, K Brohi, D Lockey, S Wright, K Thomas, C Baker, L Mansfield, V Stafford, C Wade, G Watson, A Bryant, T Chadwick, J Shen, J Wilkinson, J Furneval, A Henderson, K Hugill, P Howard, A Roy, S Bonner, S Baudouin, C Sánchez Ramírez, S Hípola Escalada, M A Hernández Viera, M Cabrera Santana, L Caipe Balcázar, N Sangil Monroy, F Artiles Campelo, C F Lübbe Vázquez, P Saavedra Santana, S Ruiz Santana, L Carteron, C Patet, H Quintard, D Solari, P Bouzat, M Oddo, T Wollersheim, J Malleike, K Haas, N Carbon, J Schneider, C Birchmeier, J Fielitz, S Spuler, S Weber-Carstens, L Enseñat, A Pérez-Madrigal, P Saludes, L Proença, G Gruartmoner, C Espinal, J Mesquida, W Huber, M Eckmann, F Elkmann, A Gruber, T Lahmer, U Mayr, A Herner, R Schellnegger, J Schneider, R M Schmid, W Ayoub, W Samy, A Esmat, A Battah, S Mukhtar, W Mongkolpun, D Orbegozo Cortés, C P R Cordeiro, J L Vincent, J Creteur, S Funcke, H Groesdonk, B Saugel, G Wagenpfeil, S Wagenpfeil, D A Reuter, M M Fernandez, R Fernandez, M Magret, A González-Castro, M T Bouza, M Ibañez, C García, B Balerdi, A Mas, V Arauzo, J M Añón, F Ruiz, J Ferreres, R Tomás, M Alabert, A I Tizón, S Altaba, N Llamas, E C Goligher, E Fan, M Herridge, S Vorona, M Sklar, M Dres, N Rittayamai, A Lanys, C Urrea, G Tomlinson, W D Reid, G D Rubenfeld, B P Kavanagh, L J Brochard, N D Ferguson, A Serpa Neto, M Gama de Abreu, P Pelosi, M J Schultz, C Guérin, L Papazian, J Reignier, L Ayzac, A Loundou, J M Forel, C Rolland-Debord, C Bureau, T Poitou, M Clavel, S Perbet, N Terzi, A Kouatchet, T Similowski, A Demoule, N Hunfeld, Z Trogrlic, S Ladage, R J Osse, B Koch, W Rietdijk, J Devlin, M van der Jagt, E Picetti, P Ceccarelli, F Mensi, L Malchiodi, S Risolo, I Rossi, M V Antonini, F Servadei, M L Caspani, A Roquilly, S Lasocki, P Seguin, T Geeraerts, P F Perrigault, C Dahyot-Fizelier, C Paugam-Burtz, F Cook, R Cinotti, D Demeure Dit Latte, P J Mahe, C Fortuit, F Feuillet, K Asehnoune, C Marzorati, S Spina, V Scaravilli, A Vargiolu, M Riva, C Giussani, E Sganzerla, G Citerio, S Barbadillo, F J González de Molina, F Álvarez-Lerma, A Rodríguez, T Zakharkina, I Martin-Loeches, S Matamoros, P Povoa, A Torres, J Kastelijn, J J Hofstra, M de Jong, M Schultz, P Sterk, A Artigas, L J Bos, A S Moreau, I Martin-Loeches, P Povoa, J Salluh, A Rodriguez, S Nseir, E de Jong, J A van Oers, A Beishuizen, A R J Girbes, M W N Nijsten, D W de Lange, D Bonvicini, D Labate, L Benacchio, A Olivieri, E Pizzirani, J C Lopez-Delgado, M Gonzalez-Romero, V Fuentes-Mila, D Berbel-Franco, I Romera-Peregrina, A Martinez-Pascual, J Perez-Sanchez, R Abellan-Lencina, R E Ávila-Espinoza, G Moreno-Gonzalez, F Sbraga, S Griffiths, M P W Grocott, B Creagh-Brown, J Doyle, P Wilkerson, Y Soon, S Huddart, M Dickinson, A Riga, A Zuleika, K Miyamoto, Y Kawazoe, T Morimoto, T Yamamoto, A Fuke, A Hashimoto, H Koami, S Beppu, Y Katayama, M Ito, Y Ohta, H Yamamura, S L Rygård, L B Holst, J Wetterslev, P I Johansson, A Perner, I W Soliman, D W de Lange, D van Dijk, J J M van Delden, O L Cremer, A J C Slooter, L M Peelen, D McWilliams, C Snelson, A Das Neves, C I Loudet, M Busico, D Vazquez, D Villalba, M Veronesi, A Lischinsky, F J L López, L Benito Mori, G Plotnikow, A Díaz, S Giannasi, R Hernandez, L Krzisnik, C Cecotti, L Viola, R Lopez, J P Sottile, G Benavent, E Estenssoro, C M Chen, C C Lai, K C Cheng, W Chou, K S Chan, L E Roeker, C M Horkan, F K Gibbons, K B Christopher, P J M Weijs, K M Mogensen, J D Rawn, M K Robinson, K B Christopher, Z Tang, C Qiu, B Ouyang, C Cai, X Guan, T Regueira, L Cea, S Juan Carlos, B Elisa, C Puebla, A Vargas, M K Poulsen, L P Thomsen, S Kjærgaard, S E Rees, D S Karbing, T Wollersheim, S Frank, M C Müller, N M Carbon, V Skrypnikov, P A Pickerodt, R Falk, A Mahlau, S Weber-Carstens, A Lee, R Inglis, R Morgan, G Barker, K Kamata, T Abe, D Saitoh, Y Tokuda, R S Green, M B Butler, M Erdogan, H Tae Hwa, L Jae Gil, R Hernández Vaquero, E Rodriguez-Ruiz, A Lopez Lago, J L Garcia Allut, A Estany Gestal, M A Garcia Gonzalez, D O Thomas-Rüddel, D Schwarzkopf, C Fleischmann, K Reinhart, S Suwanpasu, Y Sattayasomboon, N M Filgueiras Filho, J C A Oliveira, C S Ballalai, C V De Lucia, G P Araponga, L N Veiga, C S Silva, M E Garrido, B B Ramos, E F Ricaldi, S S Gomes, L Gemmell, A MacKay, C Wright, R I Docking, P Doherty, E Black, P Stenhouse, M P Plummer, M E Finnis, L K Phillips, P Kar, S Bihari, V Biradar, S Moodie, M Horowitz, J E Shaw, A M Deane, T Yatabe, S Inoue, M Sakaguchi, M Egi, Y Ali Abdelhamid, M P Plummer, M E Finnis, L K Phillips, P Kar, S Bihari, V Biradar, S Moodie, M Horowitz, J E Shaw, A M Deane, M Hokka, M Egi, S Mizobuchi, P Kar, M Plummer, Y Ali Abdelhamid, E Giersch, M Summers, S Hatzinikolas, S Heller, M Chapman, K Jones, M Horowitz, A Deane, R Schweizer, M Jacquet-Lagreze, P Portran, S Junot, B Allaouchiche, J L Fellahi, P Guerci, B Ergin, A Kapucu, C Ince, L Cioccari, N Luethi, M Crisman, R Bellomo, J Mårtensson, C Righy Shinotsuka, D Fagnoul, A Brasseur, D Orbegozo, J L Vincent, J C Preiser, J C Preiser, O Lheureux, A Thooft, S Brimioulle, J L Vincent, H Iwasaka, S Tahara, M Nagamine, A Ichigatani, A Rugerio Cabrera, E Monares Zepeda, J Franco Granillo, J S Aguirre Sánchez, A A Tanaka Montoya, A Pedraza Montenegro, G A Gálvez Blanco, C M Coronado Robles, A Drolz, T Horvatits, K Roedl, K Rutter, S Kluge, G C Funk, B Schneeweiss, V Fuhrmann, G Sabetian, F Pooresmaeel, F Zand, S Ghaffaripour, A Farbod, H Tabei, L Taheri, R Anandanadesan, V Metaxa, C Teixeira, S M Pereira, P Hernández-Marrero, A S Carvalho, M Beckmann, C S Hartog, D Schwarzkopf, A Raadts, A Robertsen, R Førde, N O Skaga, E Helseth, S Honeybul, K Ho, P Martinez Lopez, M Nieto Gonzalez, P Nuevo Ortega, E Camara Sola, T Spasova, M V de la Torre-Prados, O Kopecky, K Rusinova, P Waldauf, Z Cepeplikova, M Balik, J Palamidessi Domínguez, P Matia Almudevar, S Alcántara Carmona, J J Rubio Muñoz, D Palacios Castañeda, A Naharro Abellán, P Rodríguez Villamizar, J Veganzones Ramos, L Pérez Pérez, A Pérez Lucendo, M Camós Ejarque, A Estella, V Lopez Camps, M C Martín, N Masnou, S Barbosa, A Varela, I Palma, L Cristina, E Nunes, I Pereira, G Campello, C Granja, R Pande, M Pandey, S Varghese, M Chanu, M J Van Dam, E W M T Ter Braak, A Estella, M Gracia, R Viciana, M Recuerda, L Perez Fontaiña, B Tharmalingam, F Kovari, L Rose, M Mcginlay, R Amin, K Burns, B Connolly, N Hart, P Jouvet, S Katz, D Leasa, C Mawdsley, D Mcauley, M Schultz, B Blackwood, S Denham, R Worrall, M Arshad, P Isherwood, A Khadjibaev, D Sabirov, A Rosstalnaya, F Parpibaev, V Sharipova, G A Galvez Blanco, C I Olvera Guzman, J S Aguirre Sánchez, J Franco Granillo, S Gupta, D Govil, S Srinivasan, S J Patel, J K N, A Gupta, M Shafi, D S Tomar, R Harne, D P Arora, N Talwar, S Mazumdar, Y S Cha, S J Lee, N Tyagi, R K Rajput, S Taneja, V K Singh, S C Sharma, S Mittal, B K Rao, J Ayachi, N Fraj, S Romdhani, A Khedher, K Meddeb, N Sma, A Azouzi, R Bouneb, I Chouchene, M El Ghardallou, M Boussarsar, R Jennings, E Walter, J M Ribeiro, I Moniz, R Marçal, A C Santos, C Candeias, Z Costa E Silva, S E Zamora Gomez, O R Perez Nieto, J A Castanon Gonzalez, A I Vasquez Cuellar, H Mildh, V Pettilä, A M Korhonen, S Karlsson, T Ala-Kokko, M Reinikainen, S T Vaara, M Zaleska-Kociecka, M Grabowski, M Dąbrowski, S Wozniak, K Piotrowska, M Banaszewski, J Imiela, J Stepinska, A González Pérez, P Florez Ordoñez, A Giribet, M A Alonso Cuervo, R Alonso Cuervo, M A Rodriguez Esteban, L Iglesias Fraile, C Ponte Mittelbrum, G Muñiz Albaiceta, J Koeze, F Keus, W Dieperink, I C C van der Horst, M van Meurs, J G Zijlstra, S Roberts, C Hernandez Caballero, G Isgro, D Hall, S Beitland, A-M S Trøseid, B S Brusletto, B E Waldum-Grevbo, J P Berg, K Sunde, D García Huertas, F Manzano, M M Jiménez- Quintana, A Osuna, F Santiago-Ruiz, C Rodríguez-Mejías, R Wangensteen, H R Jamaati, M Masjedi, F Zand, S M R Hashemian, G Sabetian, G Abbasi, V Khaloo, S H A Tabei, A Kafilzadeh, H Haddad Bakhodaei, J A Diaz, R Silva, D J Garcia, E Luis, M N Gomez, R Soriano, P L Gonzalez, I A Ibrahim, M M Rafik, A M Al-Ansary, M A Algendi, A A Ali, V Fuhrmann, K Roedl, T Horvatits, A Drolz, K Rutter, D Benten, J Kluwe, S Siedler, S Kluge, I Adedugbe, G T Bird, R M Kennedy, S Sharma, M B Butler, G Yugi, B A Haroon, T Witter, W Khaliq, M Singer, A A Havaldar, B Krishna, S Sriram, E D Valenzuela Espinoza, M O Pozo, V S Kanoore Edul, M Furche, M F Motta, A Risso Vazquez, P N Rubatto Birri, C Ince, A Dubin, A Dogliotti, A Ramos, C Lovesio, E Delile, R Nevière, P-A Thiébaut, J Maupoint, P Mulder, D Coquerel, S Renet, J C do Rego, J Rieusset, V Richard, F Tamion, W Khaliq, D T Andreis, M Singer, B Smit, Y M Smulders, M C de Waard, H M Oudemans van Straaten, A R J Girbes, E C Eringa, A M E Spoelstra-de Man, L Alegría, D Soto, C Luengo, J Gomez, N Jarufe, A Bruhn, R Castro, E Kattan, P Tapia, R Rebolledo, P Achurra, G Ospina-Tascón, J Bakker, G Hernández, P Bertini, F Guarracino, R Baldassarri, M R Pinsky, L Alegría, M Vera, J Dreyse, D Carpio, C Henriquez, D Gajardo, S Bravo, R Castro, G Ospina-Tascón, J Bakker, G Hernández, S Kim, M Lee, S Y Park, S So, H Lee, M B Kačar, S M Kačar, I Uddin, A M Belhaj, M A Aydın, D Avsec, A Kapuağası, Ç Kaymak, L Kovach, I Şencan, B Meço, M Özçelik, N Ünal, C Lazaridis, B Jenni-Moser, M-M Jeitziner, M S Galassi, F L Sales, K C L de Moraes, C L Batista, J A de Souza Júnior, T B Marcari, R Lobato, C S A A Castro, L M de Souza, F F P Rodrigues, N G Correa, A M Pelegrini, R A C Eid, K T Timenetsky, D Cazati, M Lobato, P S Diniz, L L Rocha, A M Cavalheiro, N M Lucinio, E R Santos, M Norrenberg, A Gleize, J C Preiser, I Fernández Simón, S Alcántara Carmona, I Lipperheide Valhonrat, J Palamidessi Domínguez, A Naharro Abellán, P Matía Almudévar, F Dávila, J J Rubio, A J Ramos, Á J Roldán Reina, N Palomo López, M Adriaensens Pérez, D X Cuenca Apolo, L Martín Villén, F M Porras López, I Palacios García, J R Naranjo Izurieta, J J Egea Guerrero, S Calvert, M Quint, K Adeniji, R Young, D D Shevill, E Robertson, P Garside, E Walter, P Isotti, M M De Vecchi, A E Perduca, A Negro, G Villa, D F Manara, L Cabrini, A Zangrillo, J F Frencken, L van Baal, L M Peelen, D W Donker, J Horn, T van der Poll, W A van Klei, M J M Bonten, O L Cremer, C E Menard, A Kumar, E Rimmer, S Doucette, A F Turgeon, B L Houston, D S Houston, R Zarychanski, B Bollen Pinto, M Carrara, M Ferrario, K Bendjelid, J Nunes, P Diaz, G Silva, S Escórcio, S Chaves, M Jardim, N Fernandes, M Câmara, R Duarte, C A Pereira, J Vieira, J J Nóbrega, C M Coronado Robles, M A Montes de Oca-Sandoval, A Sánchez-Rodríguez, J G Joya-Galeana, A Correa-Morales, G Camarena-Alejo, J Aguirre-Sánchez, J Franco-Granillo, M Soliman, A Al Azab, R El Hossainy, H Nagy, M Nirmalan, I A Crippa, F Zama Cavicchi, J L Vincent, J Creteur, F S Taccone, A Chaari, K Abdel Hakim, H Hassanein, M Etman, M El Bahr, K Bousselmi, E S Khalil, V Kauts, W F Casey, H Imahase, Y Sakamoto, S Inoue, K C Yamada, H Koami, T Miike, F Nagashima, T Iwamura, A Boscolo, V Lucchetta, E Piasentini, D Bertini, L Manesso, L Spiezia, P Simioni, C Ori, R B Souza, A M Martins, A M A Liberatore, Y R Kang, M N Nakamae, J C F Vieira, I H J Koh, K Hanslin, F Wilske, P Skorup, J Sjölin, M Lipcsey, W Jin Long, C Er Zhen, A Vakalos, V Avramidis, S H Wu, L J Shyu, C H Li, C H Yu, H C Chen, C H Wang, K H Lin, Z E Aray, C F Gómez, A P Tejero, D D Monge, V M Losada, C M Tarancón, S D Cortés, A M Gutiérrez, T P Álvarez, A Rouze, K Jaffal, S Six, K Stolz, V Cattoen, S Nseir, J M Arnal, M Saoli, D Novotni, A Garnero, T Becher, V Buchholz, D Schädler, I Frerichs, N Weiler, N Eronia, T Mauri, S Gatti, E Maffezzini, A Bronco, L Alban, T Sasso, C Marenghi, G Grasselli, A Pesenti, G Bellani, A Al-Fares, L Del Sorbo, S Anwar, F Facchin, S Azad, R Zamel, N Ferguson, M Cypel, S Keshavjee, E Fan, E Durlinger, A Spoelstra-de Man, B Smit, H J de Grooth, A Girbes, H Oudemans-van Straaten, Y Smulders, M A Alfaro, F Parrilla, A Meli, M Pellegrini, N Rodriguez, J M Goyeneche, I Morán, H Aguirre, J Mancebo, S J H Heines, U Strauch, D C J J Bergmans, P Blankman, A Shono, D Hasan, D Gommers, W Y Chung, K S Lee, Y J Jung, J H Park, S S Sheen, K J Park, R Worral, S Denham, P Isherwood, S E Rees, S Larraza, N Dey, S Spadaro, J B Brohus, R W Winding, C A Volta, D S Karbing, F Ampatzidou, A Vlachou, G Kehagioglou, T Karaiskos, A Madesis, C Mauromanolis, N Michail, G Drossos, N Saraj, S Rijkenberg, H M Feijen, H Endeman, A A J Donnelly, E Morgan, H Garrard, H Buckley, L Russell, N Haase, A Perner, C Goh, K Mouyis, C L N Woodward, J Halliday, G B Encina, J Ros, L Lagunes, J Tabernero, F Bosch, J Rello, D García Huertas, F Manzano, E Morente-Constantin, B Rivera-Ginés, M Colmenero-Ruiz, A Naharro Abellán, L Pérez Pérez, A Pérez Lucendo, P Matía Almudévar, J Palamidessi Domínguez, P Rodríguez Villamizar, J García Sanz, I Fernandez Simon, B Lobo Valbuena, S Alcantara Carmona, M Pais, S Ramalingam, C Díaz, L Fox, M Santafe, P Barba, M García, S Leal, M Pérez, M L Pérez Pérez, A Naharro Abellán, A Pérez Lucendo, P Matia Almudevar, J Palamidessi Domínguez, P Rodríguez Villamizar, J Veganzones, I Fernandez Simón, B Lobo Valbuena, N Martínez, S Alcántara Carmona, I Moors, D Mokart, F Pène, J Lambert, A Kouatchet, J Mayaux, F Vincent, M Nyunga, F Bruneel, L Laisne, A Rabbat, C Lebert, P Perez, M Chaize, A Renault, A P Meert, R Hamidfar, M Jourdain, M Darmon, B Schlemmer, S Chevret, V Lemiale, E Azoulay, D Benoit, D Martins-Branco, M Sousa, S Marum, M J Bouw, G Galstyan, P Makarova, E Parovichnikova, L Kuzmina, V Troitskaya, N Drize, E Gemdzhian, V Savchenko, H C Chao, E Kılıc, B Demiriz, M L Uygur, M Sürücü, K Cınar, A E Yıldırım, K Kiss, B Köves, V Csernus, Z Molnár, A Ntantana, D Matamis, S Savvidou, M Giannakou, M Gouva, G Nakos, V Koulouras, S Gaffney, E Black, R Docking, C Judge, T Drew, H Misran, R Munshi, L McGovern, M Coyle, L Dunne, E Deasy, P Lavin, A Fahy, D M Darcy, M Donnelly, N H Ismail, T Hall, K Wykes, J Jack, W C Ngu, P Morgan, J Ruiz-Ramos, P Ramirez, M Gordon, E Villarreal, J Frasquet, J L Poveda-Andrés, A Castellanos, C E Ijssennagger, S Ten Hoorn, A van Wijk, J M van den Broek, P R Tuinman, A M Elmenshawy, B D Hammond, G Gibbon, T Belcham, K Burton, L U Taniguchi, F J S Ramos, A K Momma, A P R Martins-Filho, J J Bartocci, M F D Lopes, M H Sad, C M Rodrigues, E M C Pires, J M Vieira, M A Leite, L D Murbach, E F Osaku, J Barreto, S T Duarte, S Taba, D Miglioranza, D P Gund, C F Lordani, C R L M Costa, S M Ogasawara, A C Jorge, P A D Duarte, S Spadaro, M Capuzzo, F Dalla Corte, S Terranova, G Scaramuzzo, A Fogagnolo, S Bertacchini, A Bellonzi, R Ragazzi, C A Volta, C Cruz, A Nunes, F Seabra Pereira, I Aragão, A F Cardoso, C Santos, M J Malheiro, H Castro, T Cardoso, J Paratz, J Kenardy, T Comans, F Coyer, P Thomas, R Boots, N Pereira, A Vilas-Boas, E Gomes, C Dias, J Torres, D Carvalho, E Molinos, C Vales, R Araújo, C Cruz, A Nunes, F Seabra Pereira, A F Cardoso, C Santos, M J Malheiro, H Castro, T Cardoso, L Karnatovskaia, K Philbrick, G Ognjen, M Clark, R Molina Montero, J Luján Varas, L Alcázar Sánchez-Elvira, C Pintado Delgado, P Villa Díaz, B Llorente Ruiz, A Pardo Guerrero, J A Cambronero Galache, R Jiménez, S Rebollo, O Alejandro, A Fernández, S Moreno, L Herrera, A Ojados, M Galindo, J Murcia, M Contreras, S Sánchez-Argente, Y Bonilla, M D Rodríguez, J M Allegue, Ö Cakin, H Parlak, H Kirca, F Mutlu, B Aydınlı, M Cengiz, A Ramazanoglu, E-J Jung, S-Y Oh, H Lee, N M Filgueiras Filho, E F Ricaldi, S S Gomes, B B Ramos, C V De Lucia, C S Ballalai, J C A Oliveira, G P Araponga, L N Veiga, C S Silva, M E Garrido, J Cebrián Domenech, A Pinos Montalvo, T Ciges Chornet, P Concha Martinez, M Piñol Ribas, R Gimeno Costa, A Castellanos Ortega, C Forbes, H Prescott, A Lal, F A Khan, E G Dela Pena, J S Dizon, P P P Perez, C M J Wong, M Muñoz Garach, O Moreno Romero, R Ramirez Puerta, F Acosta Diaz, A M Perez Bailon, A Carranza Pinel, L Peñas Maldonado, M S Kalaiselvan, R L Siva Kumar, M K Renuka, A S Arun Kumar, S De Rosa, F Ferrari, S Carboni Checcacci, A Rigobello, M Joannidis, F Politi, A Pellizzari, R Bonato, A Fernandez-Carmona, I Macias-Guarasa, R Gutierrez-Rodriguez, P Martinez-Lopez, M A Diaz-Castellanos, A Fernandez-Carmona, M Arias-Diaz, E Aguilar-Alonso, I Macias-Guarasa, P Martinez-Lopez, M A Diaz-Castellanos, R N Nikandish, V Artemenko, A Budnyuk, G Li Bassi, T Senussi, F Idone, E Aguilera Xiol, C Travierso, C Chiurazzi, A Motos, R Amaro, Y Hua, L Fernández-Barat, O T Ranzani, Q Bobi, M Rigol, A Torres, A Youn, J Gyung Hwang, M Muñoz Garach, O Moreno Romero, M E Yuste Ossorio, F Acosta Diaz, A M Perez Bailon, A Carranza Pinel, L Peñas Maldonado, C Teixeira, H Figueira, R Oliveira, A Mota, I Aragão, O Kamp, O Cruciger, M Aach, C Kaczmarek, C Waydhas, T A Schildhauer, U Hamsen, M Camprubí-Rimblas, L Chimenti, R Guillamat-Prats, T Lebouvier, J Bringué, J Tijero, M N Gómez, L Blanch, A Artigas, G Tagliabue, M Ji, J V Suneby Jagers, P A Easton, R B Souza, A M A Liberatore, A M C R P F Martins, J C F Vieira, Y R Kang, M N Nakamae, I H J Koh, J Y Hong, M H Shin, M S Park, A Pomprapa, P A Pickerodt, M B T Hofferberth, M Russ, W Braun, M Walter, R Francis, B Lachmann, S Leonhardt, I H J Koh, R B Souza, A M C R P F Martins, J C F Vieira, A M A Liberatore, A Landaverde-López, N A Canedo-Castillo, A Esquivel-Chávez, P C Arvizu-Tachiquín, L A Sánchez-Hurtado, J A Baltazar-Torres, V Cardoso, A Krystopchuk, S Castro, L Melão, S Firmino, A Marreiros, C Granja, S Almaziad, A Kubbara, W Barnett, R Nakity, W Alamoudi, R Altook, T Tarazi, M Fida, F Safi, R Assaly, A Santini, M Milesi, T Maraffi, P Pugni, D T Andreis, M Cavenago, L Gattinoni, A Protti, G Perchiazzi, J B Borges, S Bayat, L Porra, L Broche, M Pellegrini, G Scaramuzzo, G Hedenstierna, A Larsson, M Pellegrini, G Hedenstierna, A Roneus, M Segelsjö, M C Vestito, A Larsson, G Perchiazzi, E Gremo, A Nyberg, M Castegren, A Pikwer, T Yoshida, D Engelberts, G Otulakowski, B Katira, M Post, N D Ferguson, L Brochard, M B P Amato, B P Kavanagh, N Koch, W Huber, J Hoellthaler, S Mair, V Phillip, R M Schmid, A Beitz, V Baladrón, F J Redondo Calvo, D Padilla, P Villarejo, R Villazala, A S Yuste, N Bejarano, R J Steenstra, H Banierink, J Hof, I C van der Horst, M W Nijsten, M Hoekstra, K Roedl, F Sterz, T Horvatits, K Horvatits, A Drolz, H Herkner, V Fuhrmann, M Kott, K Zitta, B Brandt, C Schildhauer, G Elke, L Hummitzsch, I Frerichs, N Weiler, M Albrecht, L Rey González, D Cabestrero Alonso, A Blandino Ortiz, R de Pablo Sánchez, J Higuera Lucas, K Roedl, F Sterz, A Drolz, K Horvatits, T Horvatits, H Herkner, V Fuhrmann, T Horvatits, A Drolz, K Roedl, K Rutter, A Ferlitsch, G Fauler, M Trauner, V Fuhrmann, T Horvatits, S Pischke, L Fischer, F Thaiss, M Koch, K Bangert, V Fuhrmann, S Kluge, A W Lohse, B Nashan, M Sterneck, S Faenza, A Siniscalchi, E Pierucci, E Mancini, D Ricci, C Gemelli, A Cuoghi, S Magnani, M Atti, F Sotos, J Cánovas, A López, A Burruezo, D Torres, M E Herrera-Gutierrez, J Barrueco-Francioni, D Arias-Verdú, R Lozano-Saez, G Quesada-Garcia, G Seller-Pérez, A Figueiredo, Y Anzola, R Pereira, L Bento, D Arias-Verdú, M Lai, M Deiana, J Barrueco-Francioni, M E Herrera-Gutierrez, G Seller-Perez, K Vardas, S Ilia, A Sertedaki, E Charmadari, C A Stratakis, E Briassouli, D Goukos, K Psarra, E Botoula, S Tsagarakis, E Mageira, C Routsi, S Nanas, G Briassoulis, A Boscolo, D Bertini, E Campello, V Lucchetta, E Piasentini, C M Radu, L Manesso, P Simioni, C Ori, H Su, Y M Lam, K Willis, V Pullar, R P Hubner, J L Tsang, L García de Guadiana-Romualdo, S Rebollo-Acebes, P Esteban-Torrella, R Jiménez-Sánchez, E Jiménez-Santos, A Ortín-Freire, A Hernando-Holgado, M D Albaladejo-Otón, L Coelho, L Rabello, J Salluh, I Martin-Loeches, A Rodriguez, S Nseir, P Póvoa, E Varis, V Pettilä, M Poukkanen, S Jacob, S Karlsson, A Perner, J Takala, E Wilkman, O H M Lundberg, L Bergenzaun, J Rydén, M Rosenqvist, O Melander, M S Chew, E Rodriguez-Ruiz, R Hernández Vaquero, A Lopez Lago, J L Garcia Allut, A Estany Gestal, M A Garcia Gonzalez, Y Kishihara, H Yasuda, S Rebollo, L García de Guadiana-Romualdo, R Jimenez, P Esteban Torrella, A Fernandez, S Sanchez, A Ortin, G Li Bassi, R Guillamat Prats, A Artigas, E Aguilera, D Marti, O T Ranzani, M Rigol, L Fernandez, M Ferrer, I Martin-Loeches, A Torres, V S Lanziotti, P Póvoa, L Pulcheri, M O Ribeiro, A P Barbosa, J R Lapa E Silva, M Soares, J I F Salluh, I Palacios Garcia, A Diaz Martin, M Gil Marqués, A Puppo Moreno, A Gutierrez Pizarraya, J Pachón Diaz, M Pachón Ibañez, Y Smani, M Mc Connell, L A Zhang, R S Parker, I Banerjee, G Clermont, E Norberg, J Oras, A Cuisinier, C Maufrais, J F Payen, S Nottin, G Walther, P Bouzat, S Arib, F Bilotta, R Badenes, F Rubulotta, S Mirek, I A Crippa, B Monfort, E Stazi, A Lozano Roig, J Creteur, F S Taccone, S Magnoni, M Marando, S Pifferi, V Conte, F Ortolano, M Carbonara, G Bertani, E Scola, M Cadioli, F Triulzi, A Colombo, N Stocchetti, H B Rotzel, A Serrano Lázaro, D Aguillón Prada, M Rodriguez Guimillo, C Sanchís Piqueras, J Romero Guia, M García Simon, A Mesejo Arizmendi, A Carratalá, S El Maraghi, A Yehia, M Bakry, A Shoman, F N Backes, M M Bianchin, S R R Vieira, A de Souza, A N Backes, C Klein, M S Kalaiselvan, M K Renuka, A S Arunkumar, A Lozano, O Lheureux, R Badenes, J L Vincent, J Creteur, F S Taccone, C Gallaher, S Cattlin, S Gordon, J Picard, V Fontana, O Bond, L Nobile, J L Vincent, J Creteur, F S Taccone, S Mrozek, L Delamarre, F Capilla, T Al-Saati, O Fourcade, T Geeraerts, A M Dominguez-Berrot, M Gonzalez-Vaquero, M E Vallejo-Pascual, D Gupta, B D Ivory, M Chopra, J McCarthy, C L Felderhof, C MacNeil, F Rubulotta, P Waldauf, M Maggiorini, F Duska, R R L Fumis, J M Vieira Junior, G Amarante, A Skorko, S Sanders, J Aron, R J Kroll, C Redfearn, P Krishnan, J E Khalil, F Kovari, N Kongpolprom, V Gulia, E Lourenço, L Melão, C Duro, G Baptista, A Alves, B Arminda, M Rodrigues, A Marreiros, C Granja, J Hayward, F Baldwin, R Gray, P A Katinakis, M Stijf, M Ten Kleij, M Jansen-Frederiks, R Broek, M de Bruijne, P E Spronk, K Sinha, M Luney, K Palmer, L Keating, M Abu-Habsa, R Bahl, N Baskaralingam, A Ahmad, L Kanapeckaite, P Bhatti, S Glace, S Jeyabraba, H F Lewis, A Kostopoulos, M Raja, A West, A Ely, L M Turkoglu, P Zolfaghari, J P Baptista, M P Marques, P Martins, J Pimentel, D Gupta, Y C Su, S Villacres, M E Stone, A Parsikia, S Medar, K P O'Dea, J Porter, N Tirlapur, J M Jonathan, S Singh, M Takata, M Abu-Habsa, A Ahmad, E McWhirter, R Lyon, M L Hariz, E Azmi, J Alkhan, S Honeybul, V Movsisyan, S Petrikov, Z Marutyan, I Aliev, A Evdokimov, E Antonucci, T Merz, C Hartmann, P Pelosi, E Calzia, P Radermacher, B Nußbaum, C Hartmann, M Huber-Lang, M Gröger, P Radermacher, B Nußbaum, B Nußbaum, E Antonucci, E Calzia, P Pelosi, P Radermacher, C Hartmann, E Svoren-Jabalera, E E Davenport, P Humburg, J Knight, C J Hinds, I J Jun, W J Kim, E H Lee, G Besch, A Perrotti, M Puyraveau, L Carteron, M Baltres, E Samain, S Chocron, S Pili-Floury, E P Plata-Menchaca, J Sabater-Riera, M Estruch, E Boza, F Sbraga, J Toscana-Fernández, E Bruguera-Pellicer, J Ordoñez-Llanos, X L Pérez-Fernández, P Cavaleiro, A Tralhão, M Arrigo, J-P Lopes, M Lebrun, B Cholley, J L PerezVela, H MarinMateos, J J Jimenez Rivera, M A Alcala Llorente, B Gonzalez De Marcos, F J Gonzalez Fernandez, C Garcia Laborda, D Fernandez Zamora, J C Lopez Delgado, C Imperiali, D Berbel-Franco, M Dastis, G Moreno-Gonzalez, J Perez-Sanchez, I Romera-Peregrina, R Abellan-Lencina, A Martinez-Pascual, V Fuentes-Mila, M Gonzalez-Romero, J Górka, K Górka, T Iwaniec, M Frołow, K Polok, J Fronczek, M Kózka, J Musiał, W Szczeklik, A González Pérez, P Florez Ordoñez, A Giribet, M A Alonso Cuervo, R Alonso Cuervo, M A Rodriguez Esteban, L Iglesias Fraile, C Ponte Mittelbrum, G Muñiz Albaiceta, F Ampatzidou, M Sileli, G Kehagioglou, A Madesis, T Karaiskos, C Moursia, H Maleoglou, K Leleki, G Drossos, Z Uz, Y Ince, R Papatella, E Bulent, P Guerci, C Ince, B De Mol, V Vicka, D Gineityte, D Ringaitiene, I Norkiene, J Sipylaite, C Möller, C Fleischmann, D O Thomas-Rueddel, V Vlasakov, B Rochwerg, P Theurer, L Gattinoni, K Reinhart, C S Hartog, A González Pérez, J Zanabili Al Sibai, P Martinez Camblor, P Alvarez Fernandez, J M García Gala, J Silba Guisasola, G Muñiz Albaiceta, T Tamura, T Yatabe, I Miyajima, K Yamashita, M Yokoyama, F Ampatzidou, G Kehagioglou, E Dalampini, M Nastou, A Baddour, A Ignatiadis, T Asteri, G Drossos, K E Hathorn, S W Purtle, C M Horkan, F K Gibbons, K B Christopher, M V Viana, T A Tonietto, L A Gross, V L Costa, A L J Tavares, B O Lisboa, R B Moraes, S R Vieira, L V Viana, M J Azevedo, G D Ceniccola, R S F Pequeno, T P Holanda, V S Mendonça, W M C Araújo, L S F Carvalho, E Segaran, L Vickers, K Brinchmann, I Wignall, F Rubulotta, I De Brito-Ashurst, R Del Olmo, M J Esteban, C Vaquerizo, R Carreño, V Gálvez, G Kaminsky, B Nieto, M Fuentes, M A De la Torre, E Torres, A Alonso, C Velayos, T Saldaña, A Escribá, J Grip, R Kölegård, P Sundblad, O Rooyackers, Ben Naser, F Jaziri, A Ben Jazia, M Barghouth, O Hentati, W Skouri, M El Euch, M Mahfoudhi, S Turki, K Ben Abdelghni, Ben Abdallah, B N M Maha, J Cánovas, F Sotos, A López, M Lorente, A Burruezo, D Torres, K Polok, A Włudarczyk, J Górka, A Hałek, J Musiał, W Szczeklik, A Ben Jazia, F Jaziri, M Bargouth, M Bennasr, S Turki, K Ben Abdelghani, T Ben Abdallah, H J de Grooth, I L Geenen, J J Parienti, H M Oudemans-van Straaten, H P Shum, H S King, K C Chan, W W Yan, J Gonzalez Londoño, C Lorencio Cardenas, M Morales Pedrosa, C Murcia Gubianas, C Fuster Bertolin, N Vila Batllori, J M Sirvent, K Wykes, J Jack, P Morgan, A Mukhopadhyay, H Y Chan, Y Kowitlawakul, D Remani, C S F Leong, C J Henry, Z A Puthucheary, N Mendsaikhan, T Begzjav, G Lundeg, M Dünser, E D Valenzuela Espinoza, S P Welsh, M F Motta, E Guerra, M C L Zerpa, F Zechner, M Furche, F Berdaguer, P N Rubatto Birri, A Risso-Vazquez, A Dubin, F D Masevicius, D Greaney, A Magee, G Fitzpatrick, R G Lugo-Cob, L A Sánchez-Hurtado, P C Arvizu-Tachiquín, B C Tejeda-Huezo, A A Cano-Oviedo, J A Baltazar-Torres, M S Aydogan, T Togal, A Taha, H Z Chai, C Kam, S S Yang Razali, V Sivasamy, L Y Kuan, V Poulose, M A Lopez Morales, S Castro, T Pires, L Melão, A Krystopchuk, I Pereira, C Granja, L U Taniguchi, E M C Pires, J M Vieira, L C P Azevedo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685422/a-systematic-review-of-observational-pain-assessment-instruments-for-use-with-nonverbal-intubated-critically-ill-adult-patients-in-the-emergency-department-an-assessment-of-their-suitability-and-psychometric-properties
#20
Wayne Varndell, Margaret Fry, Doug Elliott
AIM: This systematic review examined the psychometric properties and suitability of the available observational pain instruments for potential use with nonverbal critically ill adult patients in the emergency department. BACKGROUND: In the emergency department assessing pain in critically ill patients is challenging, especially those unable to communicate the presence of pain. Critically ill patients are commonly unable to verbally communicate pain due to altered oral communication (e...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
keyword
keyword
69538
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"