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Yeong-Min Yoo, Eui-Bae Jeung
The phenotypes of calbindin-D9k - ( CaBP-9k -) knockout (KO), calbindin - D28k - ( CaBP-28k -) KO, and CaBP-9k/28k -KO mice are similar to those of wild-type (WT) mice due to the compensatory action of other calcium transport proteins. In this study, we investigated the expression of cellular prion protein (PrPC ) in the brains of CaBP-9k -, CaBP-28k -, and CaBP-9k/28k -KO mice. PrPC expression was significantly upregulated in the brain of all three strains. Levels of phospho-Akt (Ser473) and phospho-Bad (Ser136) were significantly elevated, but those of phospho-ERK and phospho-Bad (Ser155 and 112) were significantly reduced in the brains of CaBP-9k -, CaBP-28k -, and CaBP-9k/28k -KO mice...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Yi-Heng Tai, Yu-Yi Lin, Kai-Chen Wang, Chao-Lin Chang, Ru-Yin Chen, Chia-Chu Wu, Irene H Cheng
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most prevalent neurodegenerative disorder and is triggered via abnormal accumulation of amyloid-β peptide (Aβ). Aggregated Aβ is responsible for disrupting calcium homeostasis, inducing neuroinflammation, and promoting neurodegeneration. In this study, we generated curcuminoid submicron particle (CSP), which reduce the average size to ~60 nm in diameter. CSP had elevated the bioavailability in vivo and better neuroprotective effect against oligomeric Aβ than un-nanosized curcuminoids in vitro ...
February 13, 2018: Oncotarget
Katarzyna Palus, Michał Bulc, Marta Czajkowska, Bartosz Miciński, Jarosław Całka
The present study was designed to determine the distribution, morphology and co-localization of calbindin-D28k (CB) with other neuroactive substances in the coeliac-cranial mesenteric ganglion complex (CCMG) neurons supplying the prepyloric region of the porcine stomach. In all animals, a median laparotomy was performed and the fluorescent retrograde neuronal tracer Fast Blue was injected into the wall of the stomach prepyloric area. On the 28th day, all animals were euthanized and the CCMG complexes were then collected and processed for double-labelling immunofluorescence for CB and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), galanin (GAL), somatostatin (SOM), leu 5-enkephalin (LENK), vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), substance P (SP) and cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript peptide (CART), Immunohistochemistry revealed that 8...
February 2018: Tissue & Cell
Li-Ping Yang, Ya-Ping Dong, Wen-Ting Luo, Tong Zhu, Qi-Wei Li, Li-Jun Zhang, Juan Kong, Zheng-Wei Yuan, Qun Zhao
Calcium binding protein calbindin-D28K (CaBP28K) mediates the relationship between vitamin D and calcium, but its mechanism remains unclear during bone formation. The present study reports that maternal CaBP28K levels were positively correlated with paired umbilical cord CaBP28K levels. In addition, CaBP28K levels were positively correlated with the body length, and head and chest circumferences of neonates, but negatively correlated with maternal 25(OH)D3 levels. CaBP28K was also downregulated in MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts when treated with 1,25(OH)2D or VDR overexpression, but was upregulated in the femur of 1α(OH)ase(-/-) mice...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Yea-Hyun Leem, Hyukki Chang
PURPOSE: Chronic stress is a risk factor for behavioral deficits, including impaired memory processing and depression. Exercise is well known to have beneficial impacts on brain health. METHODS: Mice were forced to treadmill running (4-week) during chronic restraint stress (6h/21d), and then behavioral tests were conducted by Novel object recognition, forced swimming test: FST, sociality test: SI. Dissected brain was stained with anti-calbindin-d28k and anti-Arc antibodies...
December 31, 2017: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
Kazim Sahin, Cemal Orhan, Mehmet Tuzcu, Armagan Hayirli, James R Komorowski, Nurhan Sahin
The effects of supplementation of arginine-silicate-inositol complex (ASI; 49.5-8.2-25 g/kg, respectively) to laying hens were investigated with respect to eggshell quality, calcium (Ca) balance, and expression of duodenal proteins related to Ca metabolism (calbindin and tight junction proteins). A total of 360 laying hens, 25 weeks old, were divided into 3 groups consisting of 6 replicate of cages, 20 birds per cage. The groups were fed a basal diet and the basal diet supplemented with 500 or 1000 mg ASI complex per kilogram for 90 days...
2018: PloS One
Katharina Zetzmann, Johanna Strehl, Carol Geppert, Stefanie Kuerten, Samir Jabari, Axel Brehmer
Calbindin (CALB) is well established as immunohistochemical marker for intrinsic primary afferent neurons in the guinea pig gut. Its expression by numerous human enteric neurons has been demonstrated but little is known about particular types of neurons immunoreactive for CALB. Here we investigated small and large intestinal wholemount sets of 26 tumor patients in order to evaluate (1) the proportion of CALB⁺ neurons in the total neuron population, (2) the colocalization of CALB with calretinin (CALR), somatostatin (SOM) and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and (3) the morphology of CALB+ neurons...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
R Kumar, R S Brar, H S Banga
The present study was undertaken to investigate the toxic effects of higher doses (1,00,000 IU i.e. 2.5 mg/kg body weight (BW)) of vitamin D3 , concomitantly with bacterial endotoxins (lipopolysaccharides: LPS) to study the immunomodulatory potential of vitamin D3 in IBL-80 broiler chicks. The chicks were divided into four groups [group I (NSS), group II (LPS), group III (Vit. D3 + NSS), and group IV (Vit. D3 + LPS)] containing eight chicks in each group, treated accordingly for 21 days. Birds were kept under close observation for apparent clinical signs and symptoms...
2017: Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research
Max Larsson
Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) is a key enzyme in long-term plasticity in many neurons, including in the nociceptive circuitry of the spinal dorsal horn. However, although the role of CaMKII heterooligomers in neuronal plasticity is isoform-dependent, the distribution and co-localization of CaMKII isoforms in the dorsal horn have not been comprehensively investigated. Here, quantitative immunofluorescence analysis was used to examine the distribution of the two major neuronal CaMKII isoforms, α and β, in laminae I-III of the rat dorsal horn, with reference to inhibitory interneurons and neuronal populations defined by expression of parvalbumin, calretinin, and calbindin D28k...
November 18, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
Jin-Koo Lee, Dhiraj Maskey, Myeung Ju Kim
The circling mouse serves as a hearing loss model. It has spontaneous tmie gene mutations that cause hair cell and cochlear degeneration. However, little is known about the role of the tmie gene in superior olivary complex (SOC) regions, in which sound information from the two ears is integrated and primarily relayed to the nuclei of the lateral lemniscus and inferior colliculus. Several studies have reported that abnormal calcium (Ca2+) homeostasis is associated with the pathology of hearing loss. This study investigated the distribution of Ca2+-binding proteins (CaBPs), such as calbindin D28k, parvalbumin, and calretinin, in the SOC of the circling mouse on postnatal day 16...
November 4, 2017: Cells, Tissues, Organs
Antonio Cuadrado, Sebastian Kügler, Isabel Lastres-Becker
Tauopathies are a group of neurodegenerative disorders where TAU protein is presented as aggregates or is abnormally phosphorylated, leading to alterations of axonal transport, neuronal death and neuroinflammation. Currently, there is no treatment to slow progression of these diseases. Here, we have investigated whether dimethyl fumarate (DMF), an inducer of the transcription factor NRF2, could mitigate tauopathy in a mouse model. The signaling pathways modulated by DMF were also studied in mouse embryonic fibroblast (MEFs) from wild type or KEAP1-deficient mice...
April 2018: Redox Biology
Taylor L Floyd, Yiyun Dai, David R Ladle
BACKGROUND: Expression of the calcium binding protein, calbindin (CB), is well established as a hallmark of Renshaw cells, a class of interneurons found in spatially restricted areas in the ventral spinal cord that directly modulate motor neuron activity. CB expression, however, is not restricted only to Renshaw cells in the ventral horn, and within this population other interneuron subtypes may be identifiable on the basis of cell position and the potential for coexpression of other calcium binding proteins...
November 1, 2017: Developmental Dynamics: An Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists
L L Li, N N Zhang, Y J Gong, M Y Zhou, H Q Zhan, X T Zou
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary manganese-methionine (Mn-Met) supplementation on the egg quality of laying hens. A total of 480 Jinghong-1 strain layers aged 53 wk were divided into 5 groups with 6 replicates of 16 layers. Birds in the control group were fed a diet supplemented with 60 mg Mn/kg in the form of MnSO4; the birds in other 4 experimental groups were fed a diet supplemented with 20, 40, 60, and 80 mg Mn/kg as Mn-Met, respectively. Dietary Mn-Met treatments significantly affected (P < 0...
October 25, 2017: Poultry Science
Yafei Chen, J Dale Thurman, Lewis B Kinter, Russell Bialecki, J Eric McDuffie
Multiplex biomarker panel assays would enable early de-risking of discovery compound related kidney safety liabilities. The objective of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of the Myriad RBM Human KidneyMAP (Multi-Analyte Profile)® v.1.0 panel to detect experimental nephrotoxicity in Cynomolgus monkeys following a single intravenous administration of cisplatin (2.5mg/kg). Urine samples were collected at baseline on day -2; at approximately 4hr post-dose on day 1; and on days 4, 9, 15 and/or 20. Blood samples were collected at predose on day -2; at 4hr post-dose on day 1; and on days 2, 5, 10 and/or 21...
December 1, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Jing Li, Lei Zhang, Jiao-Jiao Li, - Xian-Qu, Lin Chen, Dong-Ying Li, Chun-Ying Li
Vascular dementia (VD) models were made first by repeating cerebral ischemia-reperfusion and followed by treating with estrogen. Learning-memory ability was measured by Morris water maze. Concentration of Ca(2+) in hippocampus was determined by Fura-2/AM fluorescence probe and the expression of Calbindin-D28K (CB) in hippocampal CA1 was tested by immunohistochemistry. Learning-memory ability was improved in E group rats; Concentration of Ca(2+) in hippocampus was decreased in E group rats. The expression of CB was less in E group rats...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Jin-Koo Lee, Myeung Ju Kim
The circling mice with tmie gene mutation are known as an animal deafness model, which showed hyperactive circling movement. Recently, the reinvestigation of circling mouse was performed to check the inner ear pathology as a main lesion of early hearing loss. In this trial, the inner ear organs were not so damaged to cause the hearing deficit of circling (cir/cir) mouse at 18 postnatal day (P18) though auditory brainstem response data indicated hearing loss of cir/cir mice at P18. Thus, another mechanism may be correlated with the early hearing loss of cir/cir mice at P18...
September 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
Jason C You, Kavitha Muralidharan, Jin W Park, Iraklis Petrof, Mark S Pyfer, Brian F Corbett, John J LaFrancois, Yi Zheng, Xiaohong Zhang, Carrie A Mohila, Daniel Yoshor, Robert A Rissman, Eric J Nestler, Helen E Scharfman, Jeannie Chin
The calcium-binding protein calbindin-D28k is critical for hippocampal function and cognition, but its expression is markedly decreased in various neurological disorders associated with epileptiform activity and seizures. In Alzheimer's disease (AD) and epilepsy, both of which are accompanied by recurrent seizures, the severity of cognitive deficits reflects the degree of calbindin reduction in the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG). However, despite the importance of calbindin in both neuronal physiology and pathology, the regulatory mechanisms that control its expression in the hippocampus are poorly understood...
November 2017: Nature Medicine
Ken Ichi Matsuda, Kei Uchiyama, Hiroko Mori, Sho Maejima, Shohei Yamaguchi, Masaki Tanaka, Shinji Tsukahara
The sagittalis nucleus of the hypothalamus (SGN) is a small nucleus located in the interstitial area between the arcuate and ventromedial nuclei of the hypothalamus in rats. The SGN exhibits male-biased sexual dimorphism and expresses estrogen receptor α and calbindin-D28K. This suggests a contribution of the SGN to sexually differentiated brain function, but its functional role is unknown. In this study, neuronal activation in the SGN during sexual behavior in male rats was examined by c-Fos immunohistochemistry...
November 20, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
Beata Hermanowicz-Sobieraj, Krystyna Bogus-Nowakowska, Anna Robak
For the first time this study demonstrates the distribution pattern and expression of three neuroanatomical markers: calbindin D28k (CB), calretinin (CR) and parvalbumin (PV) in topographically connected brain regions - the septum (SE) and the cingulate cortex (CC). The co-existence among calcium-binding proteins (CaBPs) was also examined. The study was conducted on the adult guinea pig with the use of immunohistochemical and molecular biological techniques. Among the studied CaBPs, which occurred in both examined brain regions at transcript and protein levels, CB was the most expressed in the SE, while CR in the CC...
September 24, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
Ji Hyeon Ahn, Seongkweon Hong, Joon Ha Park, In Hye Kim, Jeong Hwi Cho, Tae-Kyeong Lee, Jae-Chul Lee, Bai Hui Chen, Bich-Na Shin, Eun Joo Bae, Yong Hwan Jeon, Young-Myeong Kim, Moo-Ho Won, Soo Young Choi
Calbindin‑D28k (CB), calretinin (CR) and parvalbumin (PV), which regulate cytosolic free Ca2+ concentrations in neurons, are chemically expressed in γ‑aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic neurons that regulate the degree of glutamatergic excitation and output of projection neurons. The present study investigated age‑associated differences in CB, CR and PV immunoreactivities in the somatosensory cortex in three species (mice, rats and gerbils) of young (1 month), adult (6 months) and aged (24 months) rodents, using immunohistochemistry and western blotting...
November 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
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