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Anthropometry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149652/estimation-of-stature-from-hand-and-handprint-measurements-in-iban-population-in-sarawak-malaysia-and-its-applications-in-forensic-investigation
#1
Nuranis-Raihan Zulkifly, Roswanira Abd Wahab, Elizabeth Layang, Dzulkiflee Ismail, Wan Nur Syuhaila Mat Desa, Salina Hisham, Naji A Mahat
Handprints and dismembered hands are commonly found during crime scene investigations and disaster victim identifications, respectively. It has been indicated that the accuracy of handprint and hand measurements for estimating stature maybe population specific. Since Iban is the largest ethnic population in Sarawak, Malaysia and because the application of anthropometry of hand and handprint within this population as well as other populations within the Southeast Asian countries remain unreported, this present study that investigated the reliability and accuracy of these two anthropometric aspects acquires forensic significance...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143707/effect-of-multi-micronutrient-fortified-rice-on-cognitive-performance-depends-on-premix-composition-and-cognitive-function-tested-results-of-an-effectiveness-study-in-cambodian-schoolchildren
#2
Marion Fiorentino, Marlène Perignon, Khuov Kuong, Richard de Groot, Megan Parker, Kurt Burja, Marjoleine A Dijkhuizen, Sek Sokhom, Chhoun Chamnan, Jacques Berger, Frank T Wieringa
OBJECTIVE: Even though current policy is strongly focused on the crucial first '1000 days', it might be still possible to enhance cognitive function during the pre-adolescent and adolescent years by improving micronutrient status. In Cambodia, nutritional status is poor. Provision of rice fortified with micronutrients through a school meal programme (SMP) could be a cost-effective strategy to help improve health and school performance. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of three different micronutrient-fortified rice formulations on cognitive function in Cambodian children...
November 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142444/correlations-between-anthropometry-and-lipid-profile-in-women-with-pcos
#3
Donthu Kiranmayee, Kothapalli Kavya, Yalamanchali Himabindu, Manne Sriharibabu, Gadi Leela Jaya Madhuri, Swargam Venu
Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrinopathy in reproductive age women and is associated with both reproductive and metabolic abnormalities. Recent studies have demonstrated an early onset of abnormal cardiovascular risk profile in women with PCOS. Abnormal lipid profile patterns are common in women with PCOS, and these abnormalities are not uniform in all populations. Anthropometry is a simple and commonly used research tool for assessing metabolic risk in women with PCOS...
July 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142244/body-size-phenotypes-comprehensively-assess-cardiometabolic-risk-and-refine-the-association-between-obesity-and-gut-microbiota
#4
J de la Cuesta-Zuluaga, V Corrales-Agudelo, J A Carmona, J M Abad, J S Escobar
BACKGROUND: The gut microbiota associates with obesity and related disorders, but recent meta-analyses have found that this association is, at best, of small effect. We argue that such analyses are flawed by the use of BMI as sole proxy for disease, and explore a classification method that distinguishes the cardiometabolic health status of individuals to look for more comprehensive associations between gut microbes and health. METHODS: We analyzed a 441 community-dwelling cohort on which we obtained demographic and health information, anthropometry and blood biochemistry data that served to categorize participants according to BMI, cardiometabolic health status and body size phenotypes...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141811/do-gait-patterns-differ-in-men-and-women-with-multiple-sclerosis
#5
Massimiliano Pau, Federica Corona, Giuseppina Pilloni, Micaela Porta, Giancarlo Coghe, Eleonora Cocco
BACKGROUND: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) affects men and women differently from several points of view: prevalence, severity of cognitive impairments and disability accumulation. However, it is unknown whether ambulatory dysfunctions are sex-related. This study investigated the existence of differences in spatio-temporal and kinematic parameters of gait in men and women with MS using 3D gait analysis. METHODS: Gait patterns of 60 people with MS (pwMS, 32F, 28M) with low to moderate disability (average Expanded Disability Status Scale score 3, range 1-5...
November 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140440/cord-metabolic-profiles-in-obese-pregnant-women-insights-into-offspring-growth-and-body-composition
#6
Nashita Patel, Christian Hellmuth, Olaf Uhl, Keith Godfrey, Annette Briley, Paul Welsh, Dharmintra Pasupathy, Paul Seed, Berthold Koletzko, Lucilla Poston
Context: Offspring exposed in-utero to maternal obesity have an increased risk of later obesity; however, the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. Objective: To assess the effect of an antenatal lifestyle intervention in obese women on the offspring's cord blood metabolic profile, and examine associations of cord blood metabolic profile with maternal clinical characteristics and offspring anthropometry at birth and age 6 months. Design: Randomised controlled trial and cohort study...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139645/finger-length-ratio-and-body-composition-in-chuvashians
#7
Leonid Kalichman, Valery Batsevich, Eugene Kobyliansky
Very few studies that evaluated the association between fi nger length ratio and body composition in adult population showed very diverse results. We carried out a radiographic study on a large population sample who had participated in a Chuvashian skeletal aging study investigating different aspects of skeletal aging. The aims of this study were to evaluate the association between 2D:4D ratio and various indices of body composition in Chuvashian males and females. The study sample included 802 males (mean age 46...
March 2017: Collegium Antropologicum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137874/investigating-antenatal-nutrition-education-preferences-in-south-east-queensland-including-maori-and-pasifika-women
#8
Andrea Cruickshank, Helen E Porteous, Michelle A Palmer
BACKGROUND: Little is reported about the nutrition-related needs and preferences of women seeking maternity services, particularly Maori and Pasifika (M&P) women who have higher chronic disease rates in Queensland. AIM: Nutrition-related knowledge, needs, behaviours and education preferences were compared between women of M&P ancestry and non-Maori and Pasifika women (NMP). METHOD: Women (≥18 years) admitted to the postnatal ward were surveyed...
November 11, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137851/evaluation-of-positional-plagiocephaly-conventional-anthropometric-measurement-versus-laser-scanning-method
#9
Susanne Nahles, Martin Klein, Anke Yacoub, Julia Neyer
BACKGROUND: The incidence of plagiocephaly has increased in the 25 years since the "Back to Sleep" campaign in 1991 to prevent sudden infant death. Plagiocephaly is not considered to be a pathological condition. It is more of an esthetic impairment and could have potentially negative psychological or psychosocial consequences; therefore, treatment is recommended. The aim of this study is to compare conventional anthropometry and laser scanning - two different measurement methods - as diagnostic instruments for plagiocephaly...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130710/body-fat-percentage-comparisons-between-four-methods-in-young-football-players-are-they-comparable
#10
Gabriel Lozano Berges, Ángel Matute Llorente, Alejandro Gómez Bruton, Alejandro González Agüero, German Vicente Rodríguez, José Antonio Casajús
INTRODUCTION: Dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), air displacement plethysmography (ADP), bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and anthropometry are four body composition methods that have been frequently used for the assessment of body fat percentage (%BF) in athletes. However, the agreement between these methods has not been studied yet in adolescent football players. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare %BF calculated by DXA, ADP, BIA and anthropometry in 92 participants...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130702/-short-medium-and-long-term-benefits-of-human-milk-intake-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#11
Bibiana Chinea Jiménez, Yumana Awad Parada, Antonio Villarino Marín, Miguel Sáenz de Pipaón Marcos
AIM: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effect of human milk feeding during the first weeks of life in very low birth weight infants on weight gain at discharge, length of hospitalization, postmenstrual age at discharge and nutritional assessment, growth and neurodevelopment at two and five years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Longitudinal study of very-low-birth-weight infants (< 1,500 grams) admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of La Paz University Hospital, from January 1st 2009 to December 31st 2009, followed in the follow-up clinic...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121625/face-to-face-versus-telephone-delivery-of-the-green-prescription-for-m%C3%A4-ori-and-new-zealand-europeans-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-influence-on-participation-and-health-outcomes
#12
Margaret Williams, Simeon Cairns, David Simmons, Elaine Rush
AIM: In Aotearoa/New Zealand, the proportion of Māori who participate in the national Green Prescription lifestyle programme is lower than for New Zealand Europeans. We compared the uptake and effectiveness of two modes of Green Prescription delivery: face-to-face and telephone among both Māori and New Zealand Europeans. METHOD: Sixty-eight Māori and 70 New Zealand Europeans with type-2 diabetes participated in this six-month randomised trial of the two modes of delivery...
November 10, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120831/epidemiology-of-areca-betel-nut-use-in-the-mariana-islands-findings-from-the-university-of-guam-university-of-hawai-i-cancer-center-partnership-program
#13
Yvette C Paulino, Eric L Hurwitz, Joanne C Ogo, Tristan C Paulino, Ashley B Yamanaka, Rachel Novotny, Lynne R Wilkens, Mary Jane Miller, Neal A Palafox
BACKGROUND: Areca (betel) nut is considered a Group 1 human carcinogen shown to be associated with other chronic diseases in addition to cancer. This paper describes the areca (betel) nut chewing trend in Guam, and health behaviors of chewers in Guam and Saipan. METHODS: The areca (betel) nut module in the Guam Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey was used to calculate the 5-year (2011-2015) chewing trend. To assess the association between areca (betel) nut chewing and health risks in the Mariana Islands, a cross-section of 300 chewers, ≥18years old, were recruited from households in Guam and Saipan...
October 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119694/female-urinary-incontinence-and-obesity-assessed-by-anthropometry-and-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-analysis-from-the-2008-09-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#14
Yeon Won Park, Jun Ho Lee
OBJECTIVE: In the present study we evaluated the association between obesity, assessed by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), and urinary incontinence (UI). METHODS: The study was performed on 5792 women who had taken part in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. UI was deemed to be present if a woman answered "yes" to the question "Do you have current UI?". Obesity was assessed using anthropometry and DEXA. Data were analyzed using Chi-squared tests, t-tests, receiver operating characteristic curves, and logistic regression analysis...
November 9, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115922/the-prevalence-of-dementia-in-a-portuguese-community-sample-a-10-66-dementia-research-group-study
#15
Manuel Gonçalves-Pereira, Ana Cardoso, Ana Verdelho, Joaquim Alves da Silva, Manuel Caldas de Almeida, Alexandra Fernandes, Cátia Raminhos, Cleusa P Ferri, A Matthew Prina, Martin Prince, Miguel Xavier
BACKGROUND: Dementia imposes a high burden of disease worldwide. Recent epidemiological studies in European community samples are scarce. In Portugal, community prevalence data is very limited. The 10/66 Dementia Research Group (DRG) population-based research programmes are focused in low and middle income countries, where the assessments proved to be culture and education fair. We applied the 10/66 DRG prevalence survey methodology in Portugal, where levels of illiteracy in older populations are still high...
November 7, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113684/blood-mercury-concentration-fish-consumption-and-anthropometry-in-chinese-children-a-national-study
#16
Zhen-Yan Gao, Min-Ming Li, Ju Wang, Jin Yan, Can-Can Zhou, Chong-Huai Yan
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to obtain national cross-sectional data for blood mercury levels and risk factors for mercury exposure in Chinese children aged 0 to 6years to provide evidence to support preventive measures for reducing childhood blood mercury levels. METHODS: A multi-stage, stratified, clustered random sampling survey was conducted May 2013-Mar 2015. Shanghai, Jilin, Shanxi, Guangdong, Qinghai, Yunnan and Hubei, which are located in seven different geographical regions in China, were selected as the study field...
January 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112905/determinants-of-hair-cortisol-concentration-in-children-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
N A Gray, A Dhana, L Van Der Vyver, J Van Wyk, N P Khumalo, D J Stein
BACKGROUND: Several factors are known contribute to hair cortisol concentration (HCC) in adults. However, there is less research on determinants of HCC in children and adolescents. HCC is a valuable tool for medical research pertaining to the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. This review aims to assess the extent to which established determinants of HCC in adults have been consistently reported in children (birth - 18 years) and to identify determinants of HCC specific to this age group...
November 2, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112056/effects-of-a-resistance-training-intervention-on-strength-power-and-performance-in-adolescent-dancers
#18
Rebecca A Dowse, Mike R McGuigan, Craig Harrison
Dowse, RA, McGuigan, MR, and Harrison, C. Effects of a resistance training intervention on strength, power, and performance in adolescent dancers. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2017-The aim of this study was to determine whether a 9-week resistance training program could have a significant effect on maximum lower-body strength and power, dynamic balance, and dance performance in adolescent dancers. Twelve competitive adolescent female dancers trained in jazz, ballet, and contemporary were recruited from local dance schools and assigned to a resistance training group (dance experience 9...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112054/lower-extremity-stiffness-considerations-for-testing-performance-enhancement-and-injury-risk
#19
Jon Brazier, Sean Maloney, Chris Bishop, Paul J Read, Anthony N Turner
Brazier, J, Maloney, S, Bishop, C, Read, PJ, and Turner, AN. Lower extremity stiffness: considerations for testing, performance enhancement, and injury risk. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2017-Force-deformation characteristics of the lower limb have been associated with athletic performance and may modulate the risk of injury. Despite these known associations, measurements of lower extremity stiffness are not commonly administered by strength and conditioning coaches. This review provides an overview of the available literature pertaining to the effects of lower extremity stiffness on physical performance and injury risk...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099635/nutritional-status-of-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-relation-to-their-physical-performance
#20
Zinka Matkovic, Danijel Cvetko, Dario Rahelic, Cristina Esquinas, Marko Zarak, Marc Miravitlles, Neven Tudoric
Nutritional abnormalities and physical inactivity are highly prevalent in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of this study was to determine the association between nutritional status/body composition and physical performance in patients with COPD. A cross-sectional observational study was conducted in outpatients with clinically stable, moderate to very severe COPD. In the assessment of nutritional status, we used dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, anthropometry, serum biomarkers, and the Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA) questionnaire...
November 3, 2017: COPD
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