Read by QxMD icon Read


Koen Huysentruyt, Jean De Schepper, Patrick Bontems, Philippe Alliet, Ellen Peeters, Mathieu Roelants, Stephanie Van Biervliet, Bruno Hauser, Yvan Vandenplas
The prevalence of disease-related undernutrition in hospitalized children has not decreased significantly in the last decades in Europe. A recent large multicentric European study reported a percentage of underweight children ranging across countries from 4.0% to 9.3%. Nutritional screening has been put forward as a strategy to detect and prevent undernutrition in hospitalized children. It allows timely implementation of adequate nutritional support and prevents further nutritional deterioration of hospitalized children...
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Richard M Schumacher, Jana L Arabas, Jerry L Mayhew, William F Brechue
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of inter-investigator differences in anthropometric assessments on the prediction of one-repetition maximum (1RM) bench press in college football players. Division-II players (n = 34, age = 20.4 ± 1.2 y, 182.3 ± 6.6 cm, 99.1 ± 18.4 kg) were measured for selected anthropometric variables and 1RM bench press at the conclusion of a heavy resistance training program. Triceps, subscapular, and abdominal skinfolds were measured in triplicate by three investigators and used to estimate %fat...
2016: International Journal of Exercise Science
Morgana Mongraw-Chaffin, Alka M Kanaya, Namratha R Kandula, Arti Shah, Cheryl A M Anderson
OBJECTIVE: Few studies examine the relationships between anthropometry and the body composition measures they approximate, or whether they differ by sex, and no studies have examined these relationships in South Asians living in the US. DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 871 participants in the Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America (MASALA) Study who had BMI < 40 kg/m(2) and underwent abdominal CT scans for measurement of visceral and subcutaneous fat...
October 21, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
A L Wilkinson, S H Pedersen, M Urassa, D Michael, A Andreasen, J Todd, S M Kinung'hi, J Changalucha, J M McDermid
OBJECTIVES: HIV infection is associated with chronic systemic inflammation, with or without antiretroviral therapy. Consequences for fetal growth are not understood, particularly in settings where multiple maternal infections and malnutrition are common. The study was designed to examine maternal systemic circulating and umbilical cord blood cytokine concentrations in relation to birth anthropometry in a Tanzanian prospective cohort. METHODS: A 9-plex panel of maternal plasma cytokines in HIV-positive (n=44) and HIV-negative (n=70) mothers and the same cytokines in umbilical cord blood collected at delivery was assayed...
October 20, 2016: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
Grant J Aaron, Prahlad R Sodani, Rajan Sankar, John Fairhurst, Katja Siling, Ernest Guevarra, Alison Norris, Mark Myatt
A spatially representative statewide survey was conducted in Rajasthan, India to assess household coverage of atta wheat flour, edible oil, and salt. An even distribution of primary sampling units were selected based on their proximity to centroids on a hexagonal grid laid over the survey area. A sample of n = 18 households from each of m = 252 primary sampling units PSUs was taken. Demographic data on all members of these households were collected, and a broader dataset was collected about a single caregiver and a child in the first 2 years of life...
2016: PloS One
Amanda C Trofholz, Allan D Tate, Michael H Miner, Jerica M Berge
BACKGROUND: Research on family meals has demonstrated that family meals are protective for many aspects of child and adolescent health. It is unclear whether distractions at family meals, such as watching TV, are associated with child weight and weight-related behaviors, the emotional atmosphere at the meal, or family meal healthfulness. METHODS: Direct observational and objective data were collected on primarily low-income and minority families (n = 120) with 6-12 year old children...
October 15, 2016: Appetite
Sunny S Kim, Rahul Rawat, Edina M Mwangi, Roman Tesfaye, Yewelsew Abebe, Jean Baker, Edward A Frongillo, Marie T Ruel, Purnima Menon
Optimal breastfeeding (BF) practices in Ethiopia are far below the government's targets, and complementary feeding practices are poor. The Alive & Thrive initiative aimed to improve infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices through large-scale implementation of social and behavior change communication interventions in four regions of Ethiopia. The study assessed the effects of the interventions on IYCF practices and anthropometry over time in two regions-Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Region and Tigray...
2016: PloS One
Tanmay Mahapatra, Kaushik Chakraborty, Sanchita Mahapatra, Umakanta Mahapatra, Naren Pandey, Peter L Thomson, Arthur W Musk, Ramendra N Mitra
BACKGROUND: Progressive burden of diabetes mellitus is a major concern in India. Data on the predictors of poor glycemic control among diabetics are scanty. A population-based cross-sectional study nested in an urban cohort was thus conducted in West Bengal, India to determine the burden and correlates of total and uncontrolled abnormalities in glucose metabolism (AGM) in a representative population. METHODS: From 9046 adult cohort-members, 269 randomly selected consenting subjects (non-response = 7...
2016: PloS One
Şule Özbilgin, Volkan Hanc, Dilek Ömür, Mücahit Özbilgin, Mine Tosun, Serhan Yurtlu, Semih Küçükgüçlü, Atalay Arkan
The aim was to evaluate the nutritional situation of patients admitted to the Postoperative Acute Care Unit using classic methods of objective anthropometry, systemic evaluation methods, and Nutrition Risk in Critically Ill (NUTRIC) score, and to compare them as a predictor of morbidity and mortality.At admission to the postoperative care unit, patients undergoing various surgeries were assessed for the following items: Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), Nutritional Risk Index (NRI), Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS)-2002, Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), and NUTRIC score, anthropometric measurements, serum total protein, serum albumin, and lymphocyte count...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Zulfa Abrahams, Naomi Levitt, Maia Lesosky, Gary Maartens, Joel Dave
Long-term use of antiretroviral therapy (ART) increases the risk of developing lipodystrophy. Few studies from Africa have used longitudinal data to assess the development of lipoatrophy and lipohypertrophy. We use clinical anthropometry and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) to describe changes in body fat distribution over a 24-month period in individuals initiated on ART. A convenience sample of black South Africans (55 men and 132 women) were recruited and followed for 24 months after commencing ART...
October 2016: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
Joshua Hayward, Felice N Jacka, Helen Skouteris, Lynne Millar, Claudia Strugnell, Boyd A Swinburn, Steven Allender
OBJECTIVE: Depression affects many Australian adolescents. Research points to the potential of lifestyle improvement for the population-level prevention of mental disorders. However, most studies examine single relationships without considering the combined contribution of lifestyle factors to variance in depression. This study examined associations between adolescent diet, physical activity and screen time behaviours and depressive symptomatology. METHODS: A cross-sectional sample of year 8 and 10 students was recruited from 23 participating schools in 18 Victorian communities...
October 12, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Charlotte Mortensen, Camilla T Damsgaard, Hanne Hauger, Christian Ritz, Susan A Lanham-New, Taryn J Smith, Áine Hennessy, Kirsten Dowling, Kevin D Cashman, Mairead Kiely, Christian Mølgaard
BACKGROUND: Children in northern latitudes are at high risk of vitamin D deficiency during winter because of negligible dermal vitamin D3 production. However, to our knowledge, the dietary requirement for maintaining the nutritional adequacy of vitamin D in young children has not been investigated. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to establish the distribution of vitamin D intakes required to maintain winter serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations above the proposed cutoffs (25, 30, 40, and 50 nmol/L) in white Danish children aged 4-8 y living at 55°N...
October 12, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Wenlong Gao, Xiaowei Qiao, Yuhong Wang, Liping Wan, Zengwu Wang, Xin Wang, Zhaoxin Di, Xiaoyu Liu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the interactive association between obesity with different anthropometry indices and prevalence of hypertension in rural Lanzhou. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in rural Lanzhou from April to July in 2013. The available information of 1275 rural residents aged more than 35 years was collected with a unified questionnaire and their blood pressure and anthropometry indices were measured in the field. The male-to-female ratio was 1:1...
2016: PloS One
Janis Baird, Mary Barker, Nicholas C Harvey, Wendy Lawrence, Christina Vogel, Megan Jarman, Rufia Begum, Tannaze Tinati, Pamela Mahon, Sofia Strommer, Taylor Rose, Hazel Inskip, Cyrus Cooper
BACKGROUND: The nutritional status and health of mothers influence the growth and development of infants during pregnancy and postnatal life. Interventions that focus on improving the nutritional status and lifestyle of mothers have the potential to optimise the development of the fetus as well as improve the health of mothers themselves. Improving the diets of women of childbearing age is likely to require complex interventions that are delivered in a socially and culturally appropriate context...
October 12, 2016: Trials
Guo-Tao Pan, Jian-Feng Guo, Shao-Lin Mei, Meng-Xi Zhang, Zhi-Yong Hu, Chong-Ke Zhong, Chang-You Zeng, Xiao-Hong Liu, Qing-Hua Ma, Bing-Yan Li, Li-Qiang Qin, Zeng-Li Zhang
Vitamin D deficiency is highly prevalent all over the world and dietary intakes of vitamin D are very low in China. In this study we aimed to determine whether vitamin D deficiency is associated with increased risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) among Chinese type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients aged over 50 y. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations were measured in a cross-sectional sample of 270 T2DM patients aged over 50 y from Zhejiang. Data on demographic characteristics, anthropometry and other variables were collected...
2016: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
Mark D DeBoer, Rebecca J Scharf, Alvaro M Leite, Alessandra Férrer, Alexandre Havt, Relana Pinkerton, Aldo A Lima, Richard L Guerrant
OBJECTIVES: Deficits in weight gain and linear growth are seen frequently among children in areas where malnutrition and recurrent infections are common. Although both inflammation and malnutrition can result in growth hormone (GH) resistance, the interrelationships of infection, inflammation, and growth deficits in developing areas remain unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate relationships between low levels of systemic inflammation, growth factors, and anthropometry in a case-control cohort of underweight and normal weight children in northern Brazil...
July 26, 2016: Nutrition
Nelly Mauras, Judith L Ross, Priscila Gagliardi, Y Miles Yu, Jobayer Hossain, Joseph Permuy, Ligeia Damaso, Debbie Merinbaum, Ravinder J Singh, Ximena Gaete, Veronica Mericq
CONTEXT: Growth of short children in puberty is limited by estrogen's effect on epiphyseal fusion. OBJECTIVES: To compare: (1) efficacy and safety of aromatase inhibitors (AIs) vs. GH vs. AI/GH on increasing adult height potential in pubertal boys with severe idiopathic short stature (ISS); and (2) body composition among groups. DESIGN: Randomized 3 arms open-label comparator Setting: Outpatient clinical research Patients: 76 pubertal boys, mean (SE) age: 14...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Flavia Feijó Nunes, Lílian Bassani, Sabrina Alves Fernandes, Maria Eugênia Deutrich, Bianca Coccaro Pivatto, Cláudio Augusto Marroni
Background: Patients with liver disease often present protein-energy malnutrition. The assessment of food intake is very important in the investigation regarding the "health-disease" process. Objective: To assess dietary intake of cirrhotic patients through food record during 3 days, correlating it with the nutritional status of the patient and the stage of the disease. Methods: Cirrhotic outpatients from the Santa Casa de Misericórdia Hospital, RS, Brazil, were assessed...
October 2016: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
Ahmed I Abd Elneam, Nahla M Mansour, Nayel A Zaki, Mohamed A Taher
BACKGROUND: Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is known as an acute microvascular complexity as a subsequence progression in diabetes mellitus type 1 and 2. Many evidence pointed that the proinflammatory cytokine Interleukin (IL)-18 might be involved in the pathogenesis of DN. AIM: The current study aimed to evaluate the association of serum IL-18 and its promoter gene polymorphisms with diabetic nephropathy. METHODS: This study included 62 diabetic nephropathy patients (DN group) compared to 52 diabetes mellitus patients (DM group)...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Carmen Piernas, Dantong Wang, Shufa Du, Bing Zhang, Zhihong Wang, Chang Su, Barry M Popkin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: China's nutrition transition is characterized by dramatic increases in overweight and cardiometabolic (CM) risk. The burden of obesity, CM risk factors and dietary intake among Chinese children were explored. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Children 7-12 y old from the 2009 China Health and Nutrition Survey with available dietary intake data, anthropometry, blood pressure, and fasting blood samples were included (n=663). CM risk prevalence was calculated; logistic regression was used to investigate the association of nutrient intakes with CM risk, adjusting for age, gender, physical activity, area of residence and income...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"