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Anthropometry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724040/cardiac-remodeling-indicators-in-adolescent-athletes
#1
Joaquim Castanheira, João Valente-Dos-Santos, Daniela Costa, Diogo Martinho, Jorge Fernandes, João Duarte, Nuno Sousa, Vasco Vaz, Luis Rama, António Figueiredo, Manuel Coelho-E-Silva
Objective: The idea that different sports and physical training type results in different cardiac adaptations has been widely accepted. However, this remodelling process among different sport modalities is still not fully understood. Thus, the current study aims to investigate the heart morphology variation associated with a set of different modalities characterized by distinct models of preparation and different methods and demands of training and completion. Method: The sample comprises 42 basketball players, 73 roller hockey players, 28 judo athletes and 21 swimmers...
May 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723979/outcome-and-nutritional-assessment-of-chronic-liver-disease-patients-using-anthropometry-and-subjective-global-assessment
#2
Gonçalo Nunes, Carla Adriana Santos, Rita Barosa, Cristina Fonseca, Ana Teresa Barata, Jorge Fonseca
BACKGROUND: Protein-calorie malnutrition is common in chronic liver disease (CLD) but adequate clinical tools for nutritional assessment are not defined. OBJECTIVE: In CLD patients, it was aimed: 1. Characterize protein-calorie malnutrition; 2. Compare several clinical, anthropometric and functional tools; 3. Study the association malnutrition/CLD severity and malnutrition/outcome. METHODS: Observational, prospective study. Consecutive CLD ambulatory/hospitalised patients were recruited from 01-03-2012 to 31-08-2012, studied according with age, gender, etiology, alcohol consumption and CLD severity defined by Child-Turcotte-Pugh...
July 6, 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719224/cardiometabolic-risk-factors-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adolescents-with-obesity
#3
Anna Pogodina, Ljubov Rychkova, Olga Kravtzova, Juliana Klimkina, Arjuna Kosovtzeva
BACKGROUND: A number of research studies have demonstrated a decrease in health-related quality of life (HRQL) measures among obese children. Moreover, the causes of HRQL impairments are not completely clear. Adolescent obesity is oftentimes associated with other cardiometabolic risk factors (CRFs); hence, the aim of our research was to estimate the frequency of CRFs and to determine whether there is an association between CRFs and HRQL scores among obese adolescents. METHODS: Our research included 92 treatment-seeking obese adolescents (11-17 years), 34 males...
July 18, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716759/vitamin-d-levels-in-childhood-and-adolescence-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-a-cohort-of-healthy-australian-children
#4
Larry Ke, Rebecca S Mason, Louise A Baur, Chris T Cowell, Xiaoying Liu, Sarah P Garnett, Kaye E Brock
As the prevalence of obesity appears to be increasing in Australia's youth the overall objective of this study was to examine serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) concentrations in a cohort of 8-year-olds (n=249) followed up at age 15 (n=162) and explore associations between 25OHD with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in these populations. This was done in two stages: the first, two cross-sectional analyses (at ages 8 and 15); and the second, a prospective analysis from age 8 to 15. At both ages data on 25OHD, blood lipids, and anthropometry were measured...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713470/differences-in-anthropometry-biological-age-and-physical-fitness-between-young-elite-kayakers-and-canoeists
#5
Daniel López-Plaza, Fernando Alacid, José María Muyor, Pedro Ángel López-Miñarro
The aim of this study was to determine the anthropometric and physical characteristics of youth elite paddlers and to identify the differences between kayakers and canoeists. A total of 171 male paddlers (eighty-nine kayakers and eighty-two canoeists), aged 13.69 ± 0.57 years (mean ± SD) volunteered to participate in this study. The participants completed basic anthropometric assessments (body mass, stretch stature, sitting height, body mass index, maturity level, sum of 6 skinfolds and fat mass percentage) as well as a battery of physical fitness tests (overhead medicine ball throw, counter movement jump, sit-and-reach and 20 m multi-stage shuttle run tests)...
June 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712103/randomised-controlled-trial-of-analgesic-effectiveness-of-three-different-techniques-of-single-shot-interscalene-brachial-plexus-block-using-20-ml-of-0-5-ropivacaine-for-shoulder-arthroscopy
#6
Michał Jan Stasiowski, Michał Kolny, Marek Zuber, Radosław Marciniak, Ewa Chabierska, Przemysław Jałowiecki, Aleksandra Pluta, Bartłomiej Możdżyński
Background Shoulder arthroscopic procedures impose a challenge to anaesthesiologists in terms of postoperative analgesia. Proper pain management after arthroscopic procedures improves patient satisfaction and facilitates early rehabilitation. METHODS: We performed a randomized, prospective clinical study to assess the influence of anthropometric parameters and IBPB technique on the quality of postoperative analgesia. A total of 106 randomly selected patients of ASA I-III status scheduled for elective shoulder arthroscopy ...
July 16, 2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705254/correlates-of-whole-blood-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-among-young-children-with-moderate-acute-malnutrition
#7
C W Yaméogo, B Cichon, C Fabiansen, M J H Rytter, D Faurholt-Jepsen, K D Stark, A Briend, S Shepherd, A S Traoré, V B Christensen, K F Michaelsen, H Friis, L Lauritzen
BACKGROUND: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) has been associated with low polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) status. However, investigations regarding PUFA status and correlates in children with moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) from low-income countries are scarce. The aim of this study was to describe whole-blood PUFA levels in children with moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) and to identify correlates of PUFAs. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study using baseline data from a prospective nutritional intervention trial among 1609 children with MAM aged 6-23 months in Burkina Faso,West Africa...
July 13, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701657/equation-to-estimate-visceral-adipose-tissue-volume-based-on-anthropometry-for-workplace-health-checkup-in-japanese-abdominally-obese-men
#8
Rina So, Tomoaki Matsuo, Kousaku Saotome, Kiyoji Tanaka
The purpose of this study was to develop a new equation model for predicting abdominal visceral adipose tissue (VAT) volume using anthropometric values for workplace health checkup and to clarify the association between metabolic risk factors and measured and predicted VAT volumes. Two hundred sixty male workers (200 for derivation group and 60 for validation group) participated in the cross-sectional study. The anthropometric variables and VAT volume were measured with 24 consecutive magnetic resonance images...
July 11, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699610/survival-and-recovery-in-severely-wasted-under-five-children-without-community-management-of-acute-malnutrition-programme
#9
Harshpal Singh Sachdev, Sikha Sinha, Neha Sareen, R M Pandey, Umesh Kapil
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate recovery and survival of severely wasted children without community management of acute malnutrition programme. DESIGN: Single time point follow-up (24th December 2013 - 2nd April, 2014) of severely wasted children identified in a community-based cross-sectional survey (September 2012 - October 2013). SETTING: Rural Meerut District, Uttar Pradesh, India. PARTICIPANTS: 409 severely wasted (WHO weight-for-height <-3Z), 6- to 59-month-old children...
July 11, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698741/association-of-the-pro12ala-polymorphism-with-the-metabolic-parameters-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#10
Moushira Zaki, Naglaa Hassan, Hala T El-Bassyouni, Sanaa Kamal, Walaa Basha, Osama Azmy, Khalda Amr
AIM: To investigate the association of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARG) Pro12Ala polymorphism with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and its effect on the metabolic parameters in PCOS women. METHODS: The study used PCR to identify the presence of the PPARG Pro12Ala polymorphism in 100 PCOS women and 120 age-matched healthy women. All participants were subjected to anthropometry, biochemical and metabolic evaluation. RESULTS: Significant difference in the genotypes distributions of PPARG Pro12Ala polymorphism was observed among PCOS women and controls (p = 0...
June 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694339/temporal-changes-in-predicted-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-germany-findings-from-the-german-health-interview-and-examination-surveys-1997-1999-and-2008-2011
#11
Rebecca Paprott, Gert B M Mensink, Matthias B Schulze, Silke Thiele, Kristin Mühlenbruch, Christa Scheidt-Nave, Christin Heidemann
OBJECTIVE: Over time, prevalence changes in individual diabetes risk factors have been observed for Germany and other European countries. We aimed to investigate the temporal change of a summary measure of type 2 diabetes risk in Germany. DESIGN: Comparison of data from two cross-sectional surveys that are about 12 years apart. SETTING: Two nationwide health examination surveys representative for the non-institutionalised population aged 18-79 years in Germany...
July 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693965/maternal-pre-gravid-cardiometabolic-health-and-infant-birthweight-a-prospective-pre-conception-cohort-study
#12
R Retnakaran, S W Wen, H Tan, S Zhou, C Ye, M Shen, G N Smith, M C Walker
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Both low birthweight and high birthweight have been associated with the development of cardiometabolic disease in adulthood, possibly reflecting the effect of intrauterine fetal programming. As developmental programming can begin before conception, pre-gravid factors that predict birthweight may be relevant in this context. However, little is known about such factors. Thus, we established a pre-conception cohort to identify maternal pre-gravid cardiometabolic determinants of infant birthweight...
May 23, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693149/comparison-of-different-methods-for-nutrition-assessment-in-patients-with-tumors
#13
Hongzhen Du, Bingbing Liu, Ying Xie, Jinli Liu, Yujia Wei, Huanyu Hu, Bin Luo, Zengning Li
Nutrition screening to identify patients at risk of malnutrition is vital for cancer patients because of the high prevalence of malnutrition in this population. The aim of the present study was to compare different methods of nutrition assessment in patients with tumors. From June 2013 to June 2014, we conducted an observational multicenter study to compare the assessment of nutritional status in patients with tumors by anthropometry, biochemical indicators, nutritional risk screening (NRS-2002) and patient-generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA)...
July 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690685/examining-for-an-association-between-candidate-gene-polymorphisms-in-the-metabolic-syndrome-components-on-excess-weight-and-adiposity-measures-in-youth-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Angélica María Muñoz, Claudia María Velásquez, Gloria María Agudelo, Rosa Magdalena Uscátegui, Alejandro Estrada, Fredy Alonso Patiño, Beatriz Elena Parra, María Victoria Parra, Gabriel Bedoya
BACKGROUND: A polymorphism in a gene may exert its effects on multiple phenotypes. The aim of this study is to explore the association of 10 metabolic syndrome candidate genes with excess weight and adiposity and evaluate the effect of perinatal and socioeconomic factors on these associations. METHODS: The anthropometry, socioeconomic and perinatal conditions and 10 polymorphisms were evaluated in 1081 young people between 10 and 18 years old. Genotypic associations were calculated using logistic and linear models adjusted by age, gender, and pubertal maturation, and a genetic risk score (GRS) was calculated by summing the number of effect alleles...
2017: Genes & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690227/-association-between-the-changes-in-ideal-cardiovascular-health-status-and-the-decline-of-glomerular-filtration-rates-in-medical-examination-people
#15
Yaqin Wang, Pingting Yang, Xia Cao, Liuxin Wu, Zhiheng Chen
To explore the association between the changes in ideal cardiovascular health (CVH) indices and the renal function.
 Methods: The retrospective cohort study consisted of 837 Chinese individuals from Department of Health Management in the Third Xiangya Hospital. The general information, anthropometry and blood biochemistry were obtained for all subjects from 2008 to 2014, respectively. The 6-year changes of 7 ideal CVH metrics defined by American Heart Association and the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were calculated...
June 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686654/a-retrospective-case-cohort-study-comparing-treatment-outcomes-in-abacavir-versus-stavudine-containing-first-line-antiretroviral-treatment-regimens-in-children-3yrs-old-at-a-paediatric-programme-based-in-soweto-south-africa
#16
Haseena Cassim, Kennedy Otwombe, Erica Lazarus, Afaaf Liberty, Glenda E Gray, Oppel B W Greeff, Avy Violari
INTRODUCTION: The current World Health Organization guideline for first line antiretroviral therapy (ART) in HIV-infected children recommends the use of abacavir and lamivudine as nucleoside backbones and no longer includes stavudine. We compared treatment outcomes with abacavir (ABC) versus stavudine (d4T) in a cohort of HIV-1 infected children 6 and 12 months after antiretroviral therapy was initiated. METHODS: This was a retrospective case-cohort study, using programmatic data from children enrolled in the Paediatric Wellness Programme at the Perinatal HIV Research Unit in Soweto, South Africa between 2005 and 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685911/combined-lifestyle-and-herbal-medicine-in-overweight-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Susan Arentz, Caroline A Smith, Jason Abbott, Paul Fahey, Birinder S Cheema, Alan Bensoussan
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common, complex reproductive endocrinopathy characterized by menstrual irregularities, hyperandrogenism and polycystic ovaries. Lifestyle modification is a first-line intervention; however, there are barriers to success for this form of self-care, and women often seek adjunct therapies including herbal medicines. This pragmatic, randomized controlled trial, delivered in communities of Australia in overweight women with PCOS, compared the effectiveness and safety of a lifestyle intervention plus herbal medicine against lifestyle alone...
July 7, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684689/reported-dietary-intake-and-food-sources-of-zinc-selenium-and-vitamins-a-e-and-c-in-the-spanish-population-findings-from-the-anibes-study
#18
Josune Olza, Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Marcela González-Gross, Rosa M Ortega, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras, Ángel Gil
Zinc, selenium, and the vitamins A, E and C, all have specific biological functions that are involved mainly in the antioxidant defence system, which has important implications for the development of chronic diseases. We aimed to assess the reported intake of those six nutrients, as well as the food that contributes to their sources of intakes. Data were obtained from the Spanish ANIBES ("Anthropometry, Intake and Energy Balance in Spain") study, n = 2009 (9-75 years old). The analyses were performed in the whole population and in the plausible energy reporters after a misreporting analysis according to the European Food and Safety Authority (EFSA) protocol...
July 6, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684015/bioimpedance-spectroscopy-measurements-of-phase-angle-and-height-for-age-are-predictive-of-outcome-in-children-following-surgery-for-congenital-heart-disease
#19
L V Marino, R Meyer, M Johnson, C Newell, C Johnstone, A Magee, K Sykes, S A Wootton, J V Pappachan
OBJECTIVE: Children with congenital heart disease (CHD) are often growth restricted (low weight- and/or height-for-age) which may increase risk of poor post operative resilience. Bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy (BIS) has been used to determine body composition in different clinical settings and has been shown to mark differences in nutritional state and clinical outcome. In disease conditions were fluid is not normally distributed it is proposed that raw impedance values and BIS derived phase-angle may serve as prognostic indicators of clinical outcome...
June 28, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678833/bone-mass-of-female-dance-students-prior-to-professional-dance-training-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Tânia Amorim, George S Metsios, Matthew Wyon, Alan M Nevill, Andreas D Flouris, José Maia, Eduardo Teixeira, José Carlos Machado, Franklim Marques, Yiannis Koutedakis
BACKGROUND: Professional dancers are at risk of developing low bone mineral density (BMD). However, whether low BMD phenotypes already exist in pre-vocational dance students is relatively unknown. AIM: To cross-sectionally assess bone mass parameters in female dance students selected for professional dance training (first year vocational dance students) in relation to aged- and sex-matched controls. METHODS: 34 female selected for professional dance training (10...
2017: PloS One
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