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M Milić, Z Grgantov, K Chamari, L P Ardigò, A Bianco, J Padulo
The aim of our study was to determine the differences in some anthropometric and physical performance variables of young Croatian female volleyball players (aged 13 to 15) in relation to playing position (i.e., independent variable) and performance level within each position (i.e., independent variable). Players were categorized according to playing position (i.e., role) as middle blockers (n=28), opposite hitters (n=41), passer-hitters (n=54), setters (n=30), and liberos (n=28). Within each position, players were divided into a more successful group and a less successful group according to team ranking in the latest regional championship and player quality within the team...
March 2017: Biology of Sport
Mariusz Ozimek, Marcin Krawczyk, Emilian Zadarko, Zbigniew Barabasz, Tadeusz Ambroży, Arkadiusz Stanula, Dawid K Mucha, Adam Jurczak, Dariusz Mucha
Ozimek, M, Krawczyk, M, Zadarko, E, Barabasz, Z, Ambroży, T, Stanula, A, Mucha, DK, Jurczak, A, and Mucha, D. Somatic profile of the elite boulderers in Poland. J Strength Cond Res 31(4): 963-970, 2017-The study was designed to determine the values of selected somatic characteristics, body proportions, and the somatotype of elite bouldering climbers in Poland and to establish the relationships between the values of the somatic characteristics and climber's performance in bouldering. The study was conducted in a group of elite sport climbers (n = 10) who were ranked by the Polish Mountaineering Association in 2011, 2012, and 2013...
April 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Javier Sanchez-Martinez, Paula Plaza, Alberto Araneda, Patricio Sánchez, Atilio Almagiâ
INTRODUCTION: The determination of the morphological characteristics of the most popular sports has allowed the evaluation and comparison between athletes, which has helped to improve their performance. The Street Workout is an emerging sport based on calisthenics, which recently has become popular. Despite its popularization, neither the morphologic profile nor the morphologic characteristics of Street Workout athletes has been determined. OBJECTIVE: Determine the profile and morphological characteristics of Street-Workout athletes, through anthropometry...
February 1, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Pablo A Lizana, Sofia González, Lydia Lera, Bárbara Leyton
This study examined the association between body composition, somatotype and socioeconomic status (SES) in Chilean children and adolescents by sex and school level (grade). The cross-sectional study was conducted on 1168 schoolchildren aged 6-18 years (572 males) from Valparaíso, Chile. Body composition, as assessed by percentage body fat (BF%) and somatotype, was evaluated using Ellis equations and the Heath-Carter method, respectively. The socioeconomic status of respondents was assessed using the ESOMAR survey...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
Petra Zaletel, Damir Sekulić, Nataša Zenić, Michael R Esco, Dorica Šajber, Miran Kondrič
OBJECTIVES: This study has aimed at identifying prevalence of injury-occurrence in 24 pre-professional-ballet-dancers (females, 16-18 years of age), and identifying the associations between the body-built and prevalence of injuries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample of variables included: body mass, body height, and 3 somatotype characteristics (mesomorph, ectomorph and endomorph) and data on injuries over the preceding year. RESULTS: Dancers were mostly ectomorphic-mesomorph (endomorphy: 2...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
Leonardo Vidal Andreato, Francisco Javier Díaz Lara, Alexandro Andrade, Braulio Henrique Magnani Branco
BACKGROUND: Brazilian jiu-jitsu is a grappling combat sport that has intermittency as its core element; in other words, actions of high, moderate and low intensity are interspersed during matches, requiring a high level of conditioning to support optimal levels of performance for the total match time. The athletes perform from four to six matches during a day of competition, and this number may increase if the open-class competition, which is held parallel to the competition by weight class, is considered...
December 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
Leonardo V Andreato, Jonatas Fs Santos, João Vdc Esteves, Valeria Lg Panissa, Ursula F Julio, Emerson Franchini
This study analysed the physiological, nutritional and performance profiles of athletes practicing Brazilian jiu-jitsu. To this end, 15 athletes that practiced Brazilian jiu-jitsu (aged: 28 ± 5 years; 8 brown belts and 7 black belts; training experience: 11 ± 4 years) underwent anthropometric measurements (body composition and somatotype), dietary evaluation (24 h recall) and physical fitness tests (movement time, dynamometer handgrip, kimono grip strength, vertical jump and sit-and-reach tests). The athletes had 12...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
Sudipta Ghosh, Tasbulat Dosaev, Jai Prakash, Gregory Livshits
OBJECTIVES: The major aim of this study was to conduct comparative quantitative-genetic analysis of the body composition (BCP) and somatotype (STP) variation, as well as their correlations with blood pressure (BP) in two ethnically, culturally and geographically different populations: Santhal, indigenous ethnic group from India and Chuvash, indigenous population from Russia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Correspondently two pedigree-based samples were collected from 1,262 Santhal and1,558 Chuvash individuals, respectively...
January 7, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Sara Pereira, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Thayse Natacha Gomes, Michele Souza, Raquel N Chaves, Fernanda K Dos Santos, Daniel Santos, Donald Hedeker, José A R Maia
BACKGROUND: Somatotype is a complex trait influenced by different genetic and environmental factors as well as by other covariates whose effects are still unclear. AIMS: To (1) estimate siblings' resemblance in their general somatotype; (2) identify sib-pair (brother-brother (BB), sister-sister (SS), brother-sister (BS)) similarities in individual somatotype components; (3) examine the degree to which between and within variances differ among sib-ships; and (4) investigate the effects of physical activity (PA) and family socioeconomic status (SES) on these relationships...
October 27, 2016: Annals of Human Biology
C-Y Chiu, D L Pease, S Fawkner, R H Sanders
The elliptical zone method (E-Zone) can be used to obtain reliable body volume data including total body volume and segmental volumes with inexpensive and portable equipment. The purpose of this research was to assess the accuracy of body volume data obtained from E-Zone by comparing them with those acquired from the 3D photonic scanning method (3DPS). 17 male participants with diverse somatotypes were recruited. Each participant was scanned twice on the same day by a 3D whole-body scanner and photographed twice for the E-Zone analysis...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Medicine
Arthur Stewart, Robert Ledingham, Hector Williams
Male UK offshore workers have enlarged dimensions compared with UK norms and knowledge of specific sizes and shapes typifying their physiques will assist a range of functions related to health and ergonomics. A representative sample of the UK offshore workforce (n = 588) underwent 3D photonic scanning, from which 19 extracted dimensional measures were used in k-means cluster analysis to characterise physique groups. Of the 11 resulting clusters four somatotype groups were expressed: one cluster was muscular and lean, four had greater muscularity than adiposity, three had equal adiposity and muscularity and three had greater adiposity than muscularity...
January 2017: Applied Ergonomics
Lee Stoner, Morgane Geoffron, Jon Cornwall, Victoria Chinn, Martin Gram, Daniel Credeur, Simon Fryer
Recently, it was reported that intra-abdominal thickness (IAT) assessments using ultrasound are most reliable if measured from the linea alba to the anterior vertebral column. These 2 anatomical sites can be simultaneously visualized using a linear array transducer. Linear array transducers have different operational characteristics when compared with conventional curved array transducers and are more reliable for some ultrasound-derived measures such as abdominal subcutaneous fat thickness. However, it is unknown whether linear array transducers facilitate more reliable IAT measurements than curved array transducers...
December 2016: Ultrasound Quarterly
Erica T Warner, Rong Hu, Laura C Collins, Andrew H Beck, Stuart Schnitt, Bernard Rosner, A Heather Eliassen, Karin B Michels, Walter C Willett, Rulla M Tamimi
Height and body size in childhood and young adulthood have been consistently associated with breast cancer risk; whether associations differ across molecular subtypes is unclear. In a pooled analysis of the Nurses' Health Studies, we prospectively examined the association of four exposures: height, body mass index (BMI) at the age of 18 years, childhood and adolescent somatotypes, with breast cancer risk according to molecular subtypes defined by immunohistochemical markers. We used multivariable-adjusted Cox proportional hazards regression to estimate HRs and 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
September 2016: Cancer Prevention Research
Vahid Tafazoli, Majid Nimrouzi, Babak Daneshfard
BACKGROUND: The authors of this manuscript aimed to show the importance of porosity and condensation in health according to traditional Persian medicine (TPM) with consideration of new evidence in conventional medicine. METHODS: Cardinal traditional medical and pharmacological texts were searched for the traditional terms of takhalkhol (porosity) and takassof (condensity) focused on preventive methods. The findings were classified and compared with new medical findings...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Fei Xue, Bernard Rosner, Heather Eliassen, Karin B Michels
BACKGROUND: The role of body fatness in the aetiology of breast cancer is complex. We evaluated the independent and synergistic effects of body fatness, at different stages throughout a woman's life course, on premenopausal breast cancer risk. METHODS: Premenopausal participants of the Nurses' Health Study II (NHSII) were followed from 1991 up to 2009. Body fatness factors including birthweight, somatotype (a 9-level pictogram with level 1 being the leanest) at ages 5 and 10 years and body mass index (BMI) at age 18 were collected at baseline...
August 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
V V Fefelova, Yu A Fefelova, T P Koloskova, T V Kazakova, E Yu Sergeeva
211 practically healthy girls, the students of Krasnoyarsk Medical University in the ages of 16 to 20 years, have been examined. We determined their somatotypes (euriplastic, athletic, subathletic and stenoplastic) and body composition (fat, muscle, bone component). Actual nutrition in these subjects was studied by the method. of 24-hour nutrition recall involving foodstuffs models. Energy consumption in cohorts with different somatotypes did not differ from one another and ranged from 1880 to 2115 kilocalories per day, that corresponded to normal physiological needs in women of this age with the coefficient of physical activity as 1...
2016: Voprosy Pitaniia
J M Gentile-Solomon, J A Abbott
INTRODUCTION: We sought to define reference intervals for echocardiographic dimensions of the canine right heart. Secondarily, we intended to describe measurement variability of these dimensions. ANIMALS: Forty-five healthy adult pet dogs of diverse somatotype. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To obtain normative data used to define reference intervals, dogs underwent one echocardiographic examination by the same operator. Raw data were subject to logarithmic (log10) transformation and allometric relationships between body weight and echocardiographic variables were determined; reference intervals intended to include 95% of the population were defined...
September 2016: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
M M Kolokoltsev
The study of somatotypes of the constitution is an important point in planning of the improvements of measures among the population in various regions of Russia. The purpose of the work was to reveal features of age dynamics of somatotypes of the constitution in students of youthful age of the Baikal Region by means of somatotyping according to scheme by Nikityuk B. A. and Kozlova A.I (1990) with taking into account their functional group of health. There were examined 1286 Slavic young males, natives of the Irkutsk region, aged of 17-20 years, from them, according to data of the medical examination 996 were referred to the 1st (main) and 290--to the 2nd (preparatory) functional group of health for physical exercises...
2016: Gigiena i Sanitariia
P P Hujoel, A-M Bollen, K C J Yuen, I A Hujoel
It has been suggested that facial traits are informative on the inherited susceptibility to tuberculosis and obesity, two current global health issues. Our aim was to compare the phenotypic characteristics of adolescents with dental markers for a concave (n=420), a convex (n=978), and a straight (n=3542) facial profile in a nationally representative sample of United States adolescents. The results show that adolescents with a concave facial profile, when compared to a straight facial profile, had an increased waist-to-height ratio (Δ, 1...
October 2016: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
A V Timofeieva, T M Klimova, A E Mikhailova, R N Zakharova, S P Vinokurova, L F Timofeiev
The article considers results of single-step study in random sampling of female students of the M.K. Ammosov north-east federal university (n=456). The study was carried out to investigate somatotype and functional state of circulatory system. The standard technique was applied to measure height, body mass, chest circumference, level of arterial pressure and rate of heart beats. The type of somatotype was established using Pignet index. The tone of vegetative system was determined using Kérdö index. The adaptation potential of circulatory system was determined using functional changes index...
September 2015: Problemy Sot︠s︡ialʹnoĭ Gigieny, Zdravookhranenii︠a︡ i Istorii Medit︠s︡iny
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