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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130709/body-shape-as-body-image-determinant-in-university-students
#1
Arnulfo Ramos-Jiménez, Rosa P Hernández Torres, Abraham Wall Medrano, René Urquídez Romero, Igor Barahona, Rafael Villalobos Molina
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Body shape (BSP) and body image (BI) are part of the external physical structure, then modifications in body shape necessarily affect body image; however, both combined have not been studied. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the statistical relationship between BSP and BI in university students. METHOD: Two hundred and ninety-six participants (17-35 years) were included in this study. Different anthropometric measurements were used to define their somatotype (BSP), body mass index (BMI), waist to hip ratio (WHR) and waist circumference (WC)...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111630/anthropometric-profile-of-combat-athletes-via-multivariate-analysis
#2
Anna Burdukiewicz, Jadwiga Pietraszewska, Aleksandra Stachoń, Justyna Andrzejewska
BACKGROUND: Athletic success is a complex phenotype influenced by multiple factors, from sport-specific skills to anthropometric characteristics. Considering the latter, the literature has repeatedly indicated that athletes possess distinct physical characteristics depending on the practiced discipline. The aim of the present study was to apply univariate and multivariate methods to assess a wide range of morphometric and somatotypic characteristics in male combat athletes. METHODS: Biometric data were obtained from 206 male university-level practitioners of judo, jiu-jitsu, karate, kickboxing, taekwondo, and wrestling...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875245/the-relation-of-somatotypes-and-stress-response-to-central-serous-chorioretinopathy
#3
Roy Schwartz, Assaf Rozenberg, Anat Loewenstein, Michaella Goldstein
PURPOSE: To investigate a possible relationship between central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) and specific body types and compositions (somatotypes), and to examine the cortisol stress response among CSC patients of different somatotypes in comparison with healthy subjects. METHODS: Prospective case-control study. A group of 28 patients with a previous or current diagnosis of CSC was compared with a group of 26 healthy subjects. Anthropometric measurements were used to estimate somatotype ratings in all subjects...
September 5, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869627/somatotype-variables-related-to-strength-and-power-output-in-male-basketball-players
#4
Krzysztof Buśko, Anna Pastuszak, Monika Lipińska, Marta Lipińska, Karol Gryko
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between somatotype, muscular strength, power output measured in maximal cycle ergometer exercise bouts, and maximal power output and height of rise of the body mass centre (jump height) measured in akimbo counter movement jump (ACMJ), counter movement jump (CMJ) and spike jump (SPJ), in male basketball players. METHODS: Thirteen male basketball players (second division, age 19.4 ± 0.8 years, body height 192...
2017: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828095/the-physique-of-elite-female-artistic-gymnasts-a-systematic-review
#5
Sarita Bacciotti, Adam Baxter-Jones, Adroaldo Gaya, José Maia
It has been suggested that successful young gymnasts are a highly select group in terms of the physique. This review summarizes the available literature on elite female gymnasts' anthropometric characteristics, somatotype, body composition and biological maturation. The main aims were to identify: (i) a common physique and (ii) the differences, if any, among competitive/performance levels. A systematic search was conducted online using five different databases. Of 407 putative papers, 17 fulfilled all criteria and were included in the review...
September 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828084/somatotype-level-of-competition-and-performance-in-attack-in-elite-male-volleyball
#6
Nikiforos Giannopoulos, George Vagenas, Konstantinos Noutsos, Karolina Barzouka, Nikolaos Bergeles
This study investigated the relationship between somatotype, level of competition, and performance in attack in elite level male volleyball players. The objective was to test for the potential covariation of competition level (Division A1 vs. A2) and playing position (hitters vs. centers vs. opposites) considering performance in attack. Anthropometric, body composition and somatotype variables were measured according to the Heath-Carter method. The attack actions of 144 players from 48 volleyball matches were analyzed and their performance was rated using a 5-point numerical scale...
September 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760182/body-image-satisfaction-as-a-physical-activity-indicator-in-university-students
#7
Arnulfo Ramos-Jiménez, Rosa P Hernández-Torres, René Urquidez-Romero, Abraham Wall-Medrano, Rafael Villalobos-Molina
OBJECTIVE: We examined the association of body image satisfaction (BIS) with physical activity (PA) in university athletes and non-athletes from northern Mexico. METHODS: In a non-probability cross-sectional study, 294 participants (51% male, 41% athletes; 18-35 years old) completed 2 self-administered questionnaires to evaluate BIS and PA. We categorized somatotypes (endomorphy-mesomorphy-ectomorphy) by international standardized anthropometry. Data analysis included the Mann-Whitney U test, χ2test, Kendall's Tau-b correlation, binary logistic regression analysis, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745464/elite-athletes-and-pubertal-delay
#8
Karina Kapczuk
Intensive physical training and participation in competitive sports during childhood and early adolescence may affect athletes' pubertal development. On the other hand, pubertal timing, early or late, may impact on an athlete selection for a particular sport. Genetic predisposition, training load, nutritional status and psychological stress determine athletes' pubertal timing. Athletes that practice esthetic sports, especially gymnasts, are predisposed to a delay in pubertal development. The growing evidence indicates that energy deficiency, not a systemic training per se, plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of functional hypothalamic hypogonadism in female athletes...
October 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730864/automatic-rbg-depth-pressure-anthropometric-analysis-and-individualised-sleep-solution-prescription
#9
Jordi Esquirol Caussa, Cristina Palmero Cantariño, Vanessa Bayo Tallón, Miquel Àngel Cos Morera, Sergio Escalera, David Sánchez, Maider Sánchez Padilla, Noelia Serrano Domínguez, Mireia Relats Vilageliu
INTRODUCTION: Sleep surfaces must adapt to individual somatotypic features to maintain a comfortable, convenient and healthy sleep, preventing diseases and injuries. Individually determining the most adequate rest surface can often be a complex and subjective question. OBJECTIVES: To design and validate an automatic multimodal somatotype determination model to automatically recommend an individually designed mattress-topper-pillow combination. METHODS: Design and validation of an automated prescription model for an individualised sleep system is performed through a single-image 2 D-3 D analysis and body pressure distribution, to objectively determine optimal individual sleep surfaces combining five different mattress densities, three different toppers and three cervical pillows...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Engineering & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723818/somatotype-and-body-composition-in-young-soccer-players-according-to-the-playing-position-and-sport-success
#10
Víctor Cárdenas-Fernández, José Luis Chinchilla-Minguet, Alfonso Castillo-Rodríguez
Soccer players undergo an evolution in their body composition throughout the growth and passage through the different base stages, that is, childhood, puberty and adolescence. The aim of this study was to analyze the morphology and body composition of U14, U16, and U19 soccer players, taking into account in addition, their sport success endorsed through the regularity participation and their relation with the different playing positions occupied during competition (goalkeeper, external defender, central defender, midfielder and forward/extreme)...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713469/anthropometric-profile-in-different-event-categories-of-acrobatic-gymnastics
#11
Yaiza Taboada-Iglesias, Mercedes Vernetta Santana, Águeda Gutiérrez-Sánchez
There is a specific anthropometric profile for each sport, which may be differentiated even in relation to the position, role or event category within each sport discipline. However, there are few studies on acrobatic gymnastics, and the goal of this work was to determine the anthropometric profile depending on the event category, as well as factors that predisposed to performance in these categories. The sample consisted of 150 gymnasts from Spain, divided into 8 groups according to the event category and the role played...
June 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702896/breast-cancer-risk-prediction-an-update-to-the-rosner-colditz-breast-cancer-incidence-model
#12
Megan S Rice, Shelley S Tworoger, Susan E Hankinson, Rulla M Tamimi, A Heather Eliassen, Walter C Willett, Graham Colditz, Bernard Rosner
PURPOSE: To update and expand the Rosner-Colditz breast cancer incidence model by evaluating the contributions of more recently identified risk factors as well as predicted percent mammographic density (MD) to breast cancer risk. METHODS: Using data from the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and NHSII, we added adolescent somatotype (9 unit scale), vegetable intake (servings/day), breastfeeding (months), physical activity (MET-h/week), and predicted percent MD to the Rosner-Colditz model to determine whether these variables improved model discrimination...
November 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622087/body-physique-and-proportionality-of-brazilian-female-artistic-gymnasts
#13
Sarita Bacciotti, Adam Baxter-Jones, Adroaldo Gaya, José Maia
This study aimed to identify physique characteristics (anthropometry, somatotype, body proportionality) of Brazilian female artistic gymnasts, and to compare them across competitive levels (sub-elite versus non-elite) within competitive age-categories. Two hundred forty-nine female gymnasts (68 sub-elite; 181 non-elite) from 26 Brazilian gymnastics clubs, aged 9-20 years and split into four age-categories, were sampled. Gymnasts were assessed for 16 anthropometric traits (height, weight, lengths, widths, girths, and skinfolds); somatotype was determined according to Heath-Carter method, body fat was estimated by bioimpedance, and proportionality was computed based on the z-phantom strategy...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512241/assessment-of-breast-cancer-risk-factors-reveals-subtype-heterogeneity
#14
Johanna Holm, Louise Eriksson, Alexander Ploner, Mikael Eriksson, Mattias Rantalainen, Jingmei Li, Per Hall, Kamila Czene
Subtype heterogeneity for breast cancer risk factors has been suspected, potentially reflecting etiologic differences and implicating risk prediction. However, reports are conflicting regarding the presence of heterogeneity for many exposures. To examine subtype heterogeneity across known breast cancer risk factors, we conducted a case-control analysis of 2,632 breast cancers and 15,945 controls in Sweden. Molecular subtype was predicted from pathology record-derived IHC markers by a classifier trained on PAM50 subtyping...
July 1, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462576/world-and-olympic-mountain-bike-champions-anthropometry-body-composition-and-somatotype
#15
Cristóbal Sánchez-Muñoz, José J Muros, Mikel Zabala
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to describe the anthropometric profile of male Olympic cross country (XCO) mountain bikers. METHODS: Fifty one XCO bikers participated in this study, divided into an elite group who competed in top level international competitions, and a non-elite group who competed at a national level. The elite group was further classified according to whether they had been world or Olympic champion mountain bikers (WOC) or not (NWOC). The anthropometric profiles included the measurements of height, weight, arm span, skinfolds, girths, and breadths...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462570/anthropometric-and-performance-characteristics-of-the-german-rugby-union-7s-team
#16
Erich Hohenauer, Alfred M Rucker, Peter Clarys, Ursula M Küng, Rahel Stoop, Ron Clijsen
BACKGROUND: Somatotyping is advantageous in sports for the optimal development of performance level and injury prevention. The aim of this study was to describe the anthropometric and physical performance characteristics of the German national rugby union 7s team. Seventeen male rugby players, classified as forwards (n=9; 24.2±2.1 years) and backs (n=8; 24.3±5.05 years) were assessed. METHODS: Anthropometric measurements included: body height, weight, height to weight ratio (H/W), five skinfolds, biepicondylar humerus and femur breadth, upper arm- and calf girth, estimated lower body fat percentage and determination of the individual and mean somatotype...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416892/anthropometric-and-physical-characteristics-allow-differentiation-of-young-female-volleyball-players-according-to-playing-position-and-level-of-expertise
#17
M Milić, Z Grgantov, K Chamari, L P Ardigò, A Bianco, J Padulo
The aim of our study was to determine the differences in some anthropometric and physical performance variables of young Croatian female volleyball players (aged 13 to 15) in relation to playing position (i.e., independent variable) and performance level within each position (i.e., independent variable). Players were categorized according to playing position (i.e., role) as middle blockers (n=28), opposite hitters (n=41), passer-hitters (n=54), setters (n=30), and liberos (n=28). Within each position, players were divided into a more successful group and a less successful group according to team ranking in the latest regional championship and player quality within the team...
March 2017: Biology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328714/somatic-profile-of-the-elite-boulderers-in-poland
#18
Mariusz Ozimek, Marcin Krawczyk, Emilian Zadarko, Zbigniew Barabasz, Tadeusz Ambroży, Arkadiusz Stanula, Dawid K Mucha, Adam Jurczak, Dariusz Mucha
Ozimek, M, Krawczyk, M, Zadarko, E, Barabasz, Z, Ambroży, T, Stanula, A, Mucha, DK, Jurczak, A, and Mucha, D. Somatic profile of the elite boulderers in Poland. J Strength Cond Res 31(4): 963-970, 2017-The study was designed to determine the values of selected somatic characteristics, body proportions, and the somatotype of elite bouldering climbers in Poland and to establish the relationships between the values of the somatic characteristics and climber's performance in bouldering. The study was conducted in a group of elite sport climbers (n = 10) who were ranked by the Polish Mountaineering Association in 2011, 2012, and 2013...
April 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244782/morphological-characteristics-of-street-workout-practitioners
#19
Javier Sanchez-Martinez, Paula Plaza, Alberto Araneda, Patricio Sánchez, Atilio Almagiâ
INTRODUCTION: The determination of the morphological characteristics of the most popular sports has allowed the evaluation and comparison between athletes, which has helped to improve their performance. The Street Workout is an emerging sport based on calisthenics, which recently has become popular. Despite its popularization, neither the morphologic profile nor the morphologic characteristics of Street Workout athletes has been determined. OBJECTIVE: Determine the profile and morphological characteristics of Street-Workout athletes, through anthropometry...
February 1, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238292/association-between-body-composition-somatotype-and-socioeconomic-status-in-chilean-children-and-adolescents-at-different-school-levels
#20
Pablo A Lizana, Sofia González, Lydia Lera, Bárbara Leyton
This study examined the association between body composition, somatotype and socioeconomic status (SES) in Chilean children and adolescents by sex and school level (grade). The cross-sectional study was conducted on 1168 schoolchildren aged 6-18 years (572 males) from Valparaíso, Chile. Body composition, as assessed by percentage body fat (BF%) and somatotype, was evaluated using Ellis equations and the Heath-Carter method, respectively. The socioeconomic status of respondents was assessed using the ESOMAR survey...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
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