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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230867/sleep-patterns-and-problems-in-infants-and-young-children-in-ireland
#1
S Hanafin
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing recognition that sleep is an important aspect of health and well-being, and this is particularly the case in infancy and early childhood where sleep behaviours and patterns can result in substantial problems. METHODS: This paper draws on Wave 1, 2, and 3 data from Growing Up in Ireland, the national longitudinal study of children in Ireland to provide an overview of sleep patterns in a population of children aged 9 months (n = 11,112), 3 years (n = 9,790), and 5 years (n = 8,996)...
December 12, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229889/admission-of-term-infants-to-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-in-a-saudi-tertiary-teaching-hospital-cumulative-incidence-and-risk-factors
#2
Heidi Al-Wassia, Mafaza Saber
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of term infants of appropriate birthweight receive care in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the prevalence, patterns, and risk factors for admission of term infants to a NICU to identify areas for quality improvement. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analytical study. SETTING: An academic and referral center in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The cases were all term infants (>=37 weeks gestational age) admitted to the NICU between 1 January and 31 December 2015...
November 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224179/antidiabetic-polypill-improves-central-pathology-and-cognitive-impairment-in-a-mixed-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease-and-type-2-diabetes
#3
Carmen Infante-Garcia, Juan Jose Ramos-Rodriguez, Carmen Hierro-Bujalance, Esperanza Ortegon, Eleanor Pickett, Rosemary Jackson, Fernando Hernandez-Pacho, Tara Spires-Jones, Monica Garcia-Alloza
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is an important risk factor to suffer dementia, being Alzheimer's disease (AD) as the most common form. Both AD and T2D are closely related to aging and with a growing elderly population it might be of relevance to explore new therapeutic approaches that may slow or prevent central complications associated with metabolic disorders. Therefore, we propose the use of the antidiabetic polypill (PP), a pharmacological cocktail, commonly used by T2D patients that include metformin, aspirin, simvastatin, and an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor...
December 9, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223686/nourishing-networks-a-social-ecological-analysis-of-a-network-intervention-for-improving-household-nutrition-in-western-kenya
#4
Autumn L DeLorme, Erika R Gavenus, Charles R Salmen, Gor Ouma Benard, Brian Mattah, Elizabeth Bukusi, Kathryn J Fiorella
RATIONALE: A growing body of research emphasizes the need to engage social networks in maternal and child nutrition interventions. However, an understanding of how interventions functionally engage not only mothers but fathers, grandparents, friends, and other social network members remains limited. OBJECTIVE: This study uses an adaptation of a social-ecological model to analyze the multiple levels at which the Kanyakla Nutrition Program operates to change behavior...
November 20, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220369/can-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-be-eliminated-without-addressing-the-issue-of-stigma-modeling-the-case-for-a-setting-in-south-africa
#5
Holly J Prudden, Matthew Hamilton, Anna M Foss, Nicole Dzialowy Adams, Melissa Stockton, Vivian Black, Laura Nyblade
BACKGROUND: Stigma and discrimination ontinue to undermine the effectiveness of the HIV response. Despite a growing body of evidence of the negative relationship between stigma and HIV outcomes, there is a paucity of data available on the prevalence of stigma and its impact. We present a probabilistic cascade model to estimate the magnitude of impact stigma has on mother-to-child-transmission (MTCT). METHODS: The model was parameterized using 2010 data from Johannesburg, South Africa, from which loss-to-care at each stage of the antenatal cascade were available...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219875/ehealth-interventions-for-parents-in-neonatal-intensive-care-units-a-systematic-review
#6
Justine Dol, Alannah Delahunty-Pike, Sheren Anwar Siani, Marsha Campbell-Yeo
BACKGROUND: As technology becomes increasingly more advanced, particularly video technology and interactive learning platforms, some neonatal intensive care units are embracing electronic health (eHealth) technologies to enhance and expand their family-centered care environments. Despite the emergence of eHealth, there has been a lack of systematic evaluation of its effectiveness thus far. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of eHealth interventions used in neonatal intensive care units on parent-related and infant outcomes...
December 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214375/review-surgical-treatment-of-giant-coronary-aneurysms-in-pediatric-patients-with-kawasaki-disease
#7
Masami Ochi
In Kawasaki disease (KD), giant coronary aneurysms in the proximal segments of the coronary arteries have long been among the serious complications associated with acute myocardial infarction. To treat myocardial ischemia in children, Kitamura et al. first performed coronary artery bypass grafting in a pediatric patient using an autologous saphenous vein. In the early 1980s, they began to use the internal thoracic artery (ITA) as a bypass graft to the left anterior descending artery, which later was proven to improve long-term life expectancy with its favorable long-term patency, as well as growth potential...
December 6, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205569/no-difference-in-self-reported-frequency-of-choking-between-infants-introduced-to-solid-foods-using-a-baby-led-weaning-or-traditional-spoon-feeding-approach
#8
A Brown
BACKGROUND: Baby-led weaning (BLW) where infants self-feed family foods during the period that they are introduced to solid foods is growing in popularity. The method may promote healthier eating patterns, although concerns have been raised regarding its safety. The present study therefore explored choking frequency amongst babies who were being introduced to solid foods using a baby-led or traditional spoon-fed approach. METHODS: In total, 1151 mothers with an infant aged 4-12 months reported how they introduced solid foods to their infant (following a strict BLW, loose BLW or traditional weaning style) and frequency of spoon-feeding and puree use (percentage of mealtimes)...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200168/spontaneous-regression-in-a-patient-with-infantile-fibrosarcoma
#9
Sameer Farouk Sait, Enrico Danzer, Daniel Ramirez, Michael P LaQuaglia, Meyers Paul
Infantile fibrosarcoma usually presents as a rapidly growing mass on the extremities or trunk. We describe spontaneous regression in a 5-month-old female infant with biopsy proven, molecularly confirmed, right leg infantile fibrosarcoma currently at 26 months of age with no signs of local recurrence. Previously reported cases of spontaneous regression are reviewed, suggesting a benign clinical course in some cases. Although evidence for spontaneous regression is anecdotal in this rare tumor type, physicians should weigh the risks and benefits of surgery and chemotherapy against watchful waiting...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197899/breastfeeding-indicators-among-a-nationally-representative-multi-ethnic-sample-of-new-zealand-children
#10
Teresa Castro, Cameron Grant, Clare Wall, Michaela Welch, Emma Marks, Courtney Fleming, Juliana Teixeira, Dinusha Bandara, Sarah Berry, Susan Morton
AIMS: To describe breastfeeding initiation and duration, and demographic associations with breastfeeding duration within a representative sample of New Zealand infants. METHODS: In 6,685 singletons enrolled in the Growing Up in New Zealand cohort we described breastfeeding initiation (96%), any (94%) and exclusive (93%) breastfeeding (EBF) duration. We used adjusted relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) to describe associations with breastfeeding duration...
December 1, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195135/urinary-metabolites-of-organophosphate-esters-concentrations-and-age-trends-in-australian-children
#11
Chang He, Leisa-Maree L Toms, Phong Thai, Nele Van den Eede, Xianyu Wang, Yan Li, Christine Baduel, Fiona A Harden, Amy L Heffernan, Peter Hobson, Adrian Covaci, Jochen F Mueller
There is growing concern around the use of organophosphate esters (OPEs) due to their suspected reproductive toxicity, carcinogenicity, and neurotoxicity. OPEs are used as flame retardants and plasticizers, and due to their extensive application in consumer products, are found globally in the indoor environment. Early life exposure to OPEs is an important risk factor for children's health, but poorly understood. To study age and sex trends of OPE exposures in infants and young children, we collected, pooled, and analysed urine samples from children aged 0-5years from Queensland, Australia for 9 parent OPEs and 11 metabolites...
November 28, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194260/facial-anthropometric-evaluation-of-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-patients-infancy-through-adolescence
#12
Mahboobe Dehghani, Arezoo Jahanbin, Maryam Omidkhoda, Mostafa Entezari, Elaheh Shadkam
INTRODUCTION: Craniofacial anthropometric studies measure the differences in humans' craniofacial dimensions. The aim of this study was to determine facial anthropometric dimensions of newborn to 12-year-old girls with nonsyndromic unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). METHODS: In this cross-sectional analytical study, data was collected from 65 infant to 12-year old girls with UCLP. Digital frontal and profile facial photographs were transferred to a computer and desired anthropometric landmarks were traced on each image...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186070/psychology-of-the-embrace-how-body-rhythms-communicate-the-need-to-indulge-or-separate
#13
Sabine C Koch, Helena Rautner
In the context of embodiment research, there has been a growing interest in phenomena of interpersonal resonance. Given that haptic communication is particularly under-researched, we focused on the phenomenon of embracing. When we embrace a dear friend to say good-bye at the end of a great evening, we typically first employ smooth and yielding movements with round transitions between muscular tensing and relaxing (smooth, indulging rhythms), and when the embrace is getting too long, we start to use slight patting (sharp, fighting rhythms with sharp transitions) on the back or the shoulders of the partner in order to indicate that we now want to end the embrace...
November 29, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182508/ethnic-disparities-in-the-dietary-requirement-for-vitamin-d-during-pregnancy-considerations-for-nutrition-policy-and-research
#14
Karen M O'Callaghan, Mairead E Kiely
Despite the inverse association between skin colour and efficiency of cutaneous vitamin D synthesis, in addition to the widely accepted racial disparity in vitamin D status, populations of ethnic minority are understudied in terms of setting target serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations and corresponding dietary requirements for vitamin D. In minority groups, prevention of vitamin D deficiency on a population basis is challenging due to the lack of clarity surrounding the metabolism and transport of vitamin D...
November 28, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174411/gestational-intermittent-hypoxia-increases-susceptibility-to-neuroinflammation-and-alters-respiratory-motor-control-in-neonatal-rats
#15
REVIEW
Stephen M Johnson, Karanbir S Randhawa, Jenna J Epstein, Ellen Gustafson, Austin D Hocker, Adrianne G Huxtable, Tracy L Baker, Jyoti J Watters
Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) during pregnancy are growing health concerns because these conditions are associated with adverse outcomes for newborn infants. SDB/OSA during pregnancy exposes the mother and the fetus to intermittent hypoxia. Direct exposure of adults and neonates to IH causes neuroinflammation and neuronal apoptosis, and exposure to IH during gestation (GIH) causes long-term deficits in offspring respiratory function. However, the role of neuroinflammation in CNS respiratory control centers of GIH offspring has not been investigated...
November 22, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173720/feeding-problems-in-infants-and-children-assessment-and-etiology
#16
REVIEW
Kathleen C Borowitz, Stephen M Borowitz
Feeding problems in infants and young children are common. In healthy children who are developing and growing normally, feeding problems are usually not serious and can be managed conservatively by reassuring the family and providing them with anticipatory guidance and follow-up. A majority of serious childhood feeding problems occur in children who have other medical, developmental, or behavioral problems. These are best evaluated and treated by an interprofessional team who can identify and address issues in the medical and/or developmental history, problems with oral motor control and function, problems with swallowing, and behavioral and/or sensory issues that may interfere with normal feeding...
February 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169718/-update-on-dietary-management-of-cow-s-milk-allergy
#17
C Dupont, P Soulaines
Dietary management of cow's milk allergy is based on the elimination of all cow's milk proteins from the diet. For non-breastfed infants, the main dietetic move is the replacement of the standard infant formula with a formula for which the protein fraction has been modified. This formula can be based on hydrolyzed cow's milk proteins, rice proteins or amino acids. Monitoring the growth of these children is essential. The reintroduction of cow's milk, raw or heated, should always be made carefully and gradually...
November 20, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165149/association-of-excessive-mobile-phone-use-during-pregnancy-with-birth-weight-an-adjunct-study-in-kumamoto-of-japan-environment-and-children-s-study
#18
Xi Lu, Masako Oda, Takashi Ohba, Hiroshi Mitsubuchi, Shota Masuda, Takahiko Katoh
BACKGROUND: Low birth weight has been shown to be closely associated with neonatal mortality and morbidity, inhibited growth, poor cognitive development, and chronic diseases later in life. Some studies have also shown that excessive mobile phone use in the postnatal period may lead to behavioral complications in the children during their growing years; however, the relationship between mobile phone use during pregnancy and neonatal birth weight is not clear. The aim of the present study was to determine the associations of excessive mobile phone use with neonatal birth weight and infant health status...
June 8, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162064/effect-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-on-selected-adverse-health-and-nutritional-outcomes-a-nationally-representative-study
#19
Md Nuruzzaman Khan, M Mofizul Islam
BACKGROUND: Despite growing evidence in support of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) among infants in the first 6 months of birth, the debate over the optimal duration of EBF continues. This study examines the effect of termination of EBF during the first 2, 4 and 6 months of birth on a set of adverse health and nutritional outcomes of infants. METHODS: Three waves of Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey data were analysed using multivariate regression. The adverse health outcomes were: an episode of diarrhea, fever or acute respiratory infection (ARI) during the 2 weeks prior to the survey...
November 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158073/methodological-challenges-in-the-comparison-of-infant-fmri-across-age-groups
#20
REVIEW
Rhodri Cusack, Olivia McCuaig, Annika C Linke
Functional MRI (fMRI) in infants is rapidly growing and providing fundamental insights into the origins of brain functions. Comparing brain development at different ages is particularly powerful, but there are a number of methodological challenges that must be addressed if confounds are to be avoided. With development, brains change in composition in a way that alters their tissue contrast, and in size, shape, and gyrification, requiring careful image processing strategies and age-specific standard templates...
November 11, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
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