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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917336/effect-of-diets-with-different-energy-concentrations-on-growth-performance-carcass-characteristics-and-meat-chemical-composition-of-broiler-chickens-in-dry-tropics
#1
F Infante-Rodríguez, J Salinas-Chavira, M F Montaño-Gómez, O M Manríquez-Nuñez, V M González-Vizcarra, O F Guevara-Florentino, J A Ramírez De León
BACKGROUND: Diets with increasing levels of energy were fed for 42 days to 200, 1-day old male broiler chickens to evaluate growth performance, carcass characteristics and chemical composition of meat. The study was performed in the subtropical area of northeastern Mexico. Treatments diets (T) for starter and finisher phases had apparent metabolizable energy (AME; kcal/kg) of: 2960 and 3040 (T1); 3000 and 3080 (T2); 3040 and 3120 (T3); 3080 and 3160 (T4), respectively. Within each of the growing phases the four treatment diets were formulated to contain similar levels of crude protein, amino acids, and other nutrients...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910128/predictors-of-developmental-surveillance-completion-at-six-months-of-age-in-south-western-sydney
#2
B J Overs, S Woolfenden, K Williams, B Jalaludin, E L Axelsson, C Dissanayake, J Descallar, S Harvey, D Beasley, E Murphy, V Eapen
BACKGROUND: While developmental surveillance programs promote early identification of child developmental problems, evidence has indicated suboptimal uptake. This study aimed to identify predictors of developmental surveillance completion at 6 months postpartum. METHODS: Questionnaires were administered to the parents of 510 infants who were born in south western Sydney, Australia over a 22-month period. Attendance for developmental screening and completion of the Parents' Evaluation of Developmental Status (PEDS) at 6 months postpartum were modelled separately using multivariable logistic regression...
December 1, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908639/animal-models-of-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection
#3
Geraldine Taylor
Human respiratory syncytial virus (hRSV) is a major cause of respiratory disease and hospitalisation of infants, worldwide, and is also responsible for significant morbidity in adults and excess deaths in the elderly. There is no licensed hRSV vaccine or effective therapeutic agent. However, there are a growing number of hRSV vaccine candidates that have been developed targeting different populations at risk of hRSV infection. Animal models of hRSV play an important role in the preclinical testing of hRSV vaccine candidates and although many have shown efficacy in preclinical studies, few have progressed to clinical trials or they have had only limited success...
November 29, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903666/managing-adult-fontan-patients-where-do-we-stand
#4
REVIEW
Paul Clift, David Celermajer
The Fontan operation is performed as a palliative procedure to improve survival in infants born with a functionally univentricular circulation. The success of the operation is demonstrated by a growing adult Fontan population that exists with this unique physiology. Late follow-up has demonstrated expected and unexpected sequelae, and has shown multisystem effects of this circulation. This review discusses the challenges of managing the late complications in terms of understanding this unique physiology and the innovative therapeutic interventions that are being investigated...
December 2016: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902503/bedside-placement-of-the-postpyloric-tube-in-infants
#5
Patricia Clifford, Elizabeth Ely, Lauren Heimall
BACKGROUND: Patients in the neonatal intensive care unit are a vulnerable population with specific nutritional requirements, which include increased protein and caloric needs for adequate growth. Some infants cannot tolerate gastric feeds and need to have postpyloric feeds to grow. Placement of a postpyloric tube can be done by gastric insufflation. Gastric insufflation is a technique where air is inserted into the stomach as a nasogastric tube is advanced through the pylorus to the duodenum...
November 29, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899925/increased-risk-of-group-b-streptococcus-invasive-infection-in-hiv-exposed-but-uninfected-infants-a-review-of-the-evidence-and-possible-mechanisms
#6
REVIEW
Nicolas Dauby, Mustapha Chamekh, Pierrette Melin, Amy L Slogrove, Tessa Goetghebuer
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a major cause of neonatal sepsis and mortality worldwide. Studies from both developed and developing countries have shown that HIV-exposed but uninfected (HEU) infants are at increased risk of infectious morbidity, as compared to HIV-unexposed uninfected infants (HUU). A higher susceptibility to GBS infections has been reported in HEU infants, particularly late-onset diseases and more severe manifestations of GBS diseases. We review here the possible explanations for increased susceptibility to GBS infection...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895951/persistent-tachypnea-and-alveolar-hemorrhage-in-an-infant-an-unexpected-etiology
#7
John Bishara, Angela Webb, Christina Valsamis, Claudia Halaby, Melodi Pirzada
Persistent tachypnea and failure to thrive during infancy have a broad differential diagnosis which includes pulmonary and cardiovascular disorders. Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) is a rare entity in children. DAH requires an extensive work-up as certain conditions may need chronic therapy. Cardiovascular disorders are included in the etiology of DAH. We present a case of an 8-month-old female with a moderate, restrictive patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) admitted to the hospital with respiratory distress and failure to thrive...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893345/quo-vadis-the-future-of-psychoanalysis
#8
Mauricio Cortina
Although contemporary psychoanalysis is split into different schools and traditions, there is growing support for some of the main tenets of contemporary psychodynamic thinking from attachment theory, infant research, developmental psychopathology, new models of motivation, the neuroscience of emotions and emotional regulation, and the discovery of different implicit and explicit memory systems. These tenets, which psychodynamic clinicians of all stripes encounter in their daily work with clients, are the following: (1) that large footprints are left over from infancy and childhood which involved insensitive, intrusive, frightening, or shaming care; (2) the carryover of these relational experiences into adulthood are expressed as unconscious expectations and attributions we make of others (transference and countertransference; (3) defensive processes and emotional regulation and deregulatory patterns develop to cope with these unhealthy relations...
December 2016: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891781/geographic-distribution-of-live-births-with-tetralogy-of-fallot-in-north-carolina-2003-to-2012
#9
Jennifer S Nelson, Rebecca C Stebbins, Paula D Strassle, Robert E Meyer
BACKGROUND: Geographic variation in congenital heart disease is not well-described. This study uses geographic information systems (GIS) to describe the spatial epidemiology of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), in North Carolina (NC) and to compare travel time for cases to congenital heart centers in NC. METHODS: Using the NC Birth Defects Monitoring Program database, live births with TOF born between 2003 and 2012 were identified. Birth certificates provided demographic variables...
November 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891487/a-rare-case-of-pyogenic-granuloma-with-a-natal-tooth
#10
Nidhi Agarwal, Dipanshu Kumar, Alaka Vaish, Ashish Anand
Natal teeth are teeth present in the oral cavity at the time of birth. It is extremely rare to find natal teeth in association with pathological conditions of the oral cavity. Pyogenic granuloma is a type of inflammatory hyperplasia that appears as an over exuberant connective tissue response to a stimulus or injury, in the present case the injurious agent is the natal tooth. The parents of the eight day old male infant brought the child with a natal tooth associated with a soft tissue lesion growing from the gum pad...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889436/wide-variation-found-in-care-of-opioid-exposed-newborns
#11
Debra L Bogen, Bonny L Whalen, Laura R Kair, Mark Vining, Beth A King
OBJECTIVE: Standardized practices for the management of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) are associated with shorter lengths of stay, but optimal protocols are not established. We sought to identify practice variations for newborns with in utero chronic opioid exposure among hospitals in the Better Outcomes Through Research for Newborns (BORN) network. METHODS: Nursery site leaders completed a survey about hospitals' policies and practices regarding care for infants with chronic opioid exposure (≥3 weeks)...
November 23, 2016: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881729/brazilian-immigrant-mothers-beliefs-and-practices-related-to-infant-feeding-a-qualitative-study
#12
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Sherrie F Wallington, Mary L Greaney, Maria Helena Hasselman, Marcia Maria Tavares Machado, Raquel S Mezzavilla
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of life and timely introduction of appropriate solid foods are important determinants of weight status in infancy and later life stages. Disparities in obesity rates among young children suggest that maternal feeding practices during the first 2 years of life may contribute to these disparities. Brazilians are a growing immigrant group in the United States, yet little research has focused on parental beliefs and behaviors affecting the health of Brazilian immigrant children in the United States...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871903/review-of-preclinical-studies-on-pediatric-general-anesthesia-induced-developmental-neurotoxicity
#13
Jennifer L Walters, Merle G Paule
Thousands of infants and children undergo complicated surgical procedures that require prolonged periods of anesthesia and/or sedation each year. A growing body of preclinical research suggests pediatric anesthetics are harmful to the developing brain; yet, the extent to which these effects generalize to the clinical setting remains unclear. As there will be a continuing need for surgical and other interventions requiring sedation and/or anesthesia during the neonatal period, it seems clear that research efforts should focus on determining the extent to which general anesthetics can affect the developing brain as well as determining strategies for preventing or ameliorating the adverse effects associated with exposure to such agents...
November 18, 2016: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871268/metformin-and-dietary-advice-to-improve-insulin-sensitivity-and-promote-gestational-restriction-of-weight-among-pregnant-women-who-are-overweight-or-obese-the-grow-randomised-trial
#14
Jodie M Dodd, Rosalie M Grivell, Andrea R Deussen, Gustaaf Dekker, Jennie Louise, William Hague
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a significant global health problem, with approximately 50% of women entering pregnancy having a body mass index greater than or equal to 25 kg/m(2). Obesity during pregnancy is associated with a well-recognised increased risk of adverse health outcomes both for the woman and her infant. Currently available data from large scale randomised trials and systematic reviews highlight only modest effects of antenatal dietary and lifestyle interventions in limiting gestational weight gain, with little impact on clinically relevant pregnancy outcomes...
November 21, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870191/a-community-mental-health-professional-development-model-for-the-expansion-of-reflective-practice-and-supervision-evaluation-of-a-pilot-training-series-for-infant-mental-health-professionals
#15
Sarah E Shea, Sheryl Goldberg, Deborah J Weatherston
The Michigan Association for Infant Mental Health identified a need for reflective supervision training for infant mental health (IMH) specialists providing home-based services to highly vulnerable infants and their families. Findings indicate that this pilot of an IMH community mental health professional development model was successful, as measured by the participants' increased capacity to apply reflective practice and supervisory knowledge and skills. Furthermore, IMH clinicians demonstrated an increase in the frequency of their use of reflective practice skills, and their supervisors demonstrated an increase in their sense of self-efficacy regarding reflective supervisory tasks...
November 2016: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863327/autism-spectrum-disorder-and-early-motor-abnormalities-connected-or-coincidental-companions
#16
REVIEW
Peipei Setoh, Peter B Marschik, Christa Einspieler, Gianluca Esposito
Research in the past decade has produced a growing body of evidence showing that motor abnormalities in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are the rule rather than the exception. The paper by Chinello and colleagues furthers our understanding of the importance of studying motor functions in ASD by testing a non-clinical population of parents-infant triads. Chinello and colleagues' findings seem to suggest that subclinical motor impairments may exist in the typical population with inherited non-clinical ASD traits...
November 15, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861748/infants-social-experiences-in-three-african-sociocultural-contexts
#17
Hiltrud W R Otto, Nicole Schuitmaker, Bettina Lamm, Monika Abels, Yan Serdtse, Relindis Yovsi, Mark Tomlinson
This study introduces a peri-urban context of poverty to the study of child development in Africa in contrast to the more typical assessments in middle-class and rural contexts. Spot observations were used to assess universal caregiving behaviors toward seventy-six 3-month-old infants. Results show that middle-class infants experienced distal parenting behaviors instantiated by mothers, whereas rural children experienced proximal parenting practices in interactions with others. Infants growing up in poverty had mothers and other caretakers involved at mostly low levels...
November 10, 2016: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861465/universal-newborn-hearing-screening-methods-and-results-obstacles-and-benefits-newborn-hearing-screening
#18
Katarzyna E Wroblewska-Seniuk, Piotr Dabrowski, Witold Szyfter, Jan Mazela
The incidence of sensorineural hearing loss ranges from 1 to 3 per 1000 live births in term healthy neonates, and 2-4 per 100 in high-risk infants, a ten-fold increase. Early identification and intervention with hearing augmentation within 6 months yields optimal effect. If undetected and without treatment, significant hearing impairment may negatively impact speech development and lead to disorders in psychological and mental behaviors.Hearing screening programs in newborns enable detection of hearing impairment in the first days after birth...
November 18, 2016: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852441/infants-preference-for-prosocial-behaviors-a-literature-review
#19
Claire Holvoet, Céline Scola, Thomas Arciszewski, Delphine Picard
In 2007, a study carried out by Hamlin, Wynn, and Bloom provided concrete evidence that infants as young as 6 months were capable of social evaluation, displaying an early preference for agents performing a prosocial behavior. Since then the development of early social abilities to judge other's behavior has been the topic of a growing body of research. The present paper reviews studies conducted between 2007 and 2015 that experimentally examined infants' social evaluation abilities by testing their preference for agents acting prosocially...
November 13, 2016: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847175/impact-of-a-maternal-immunization-program-against-pertussis-in-a-developing-country
#20
Carla Vizzotti, Maria V Juarez, Eduardo Bergel, Viviana Romanin, Gloria Califano, Sandra Sagradini, Carolina Rancaño, Analía Aquino, Romina Libster, Fernando P Polack, Juan Manzur
BACKGROUND: Pertussis disease is a growing concern for developing countries. In Argentina, rates of illness and death peaked in 2011. More than 50% of fatalities due to pertussis occurred in infants younger than two months of age, too young for vaccination. In 2012, the government offered immunization with a vaccine containing Tdap to all pregnant women after 20weeks of gestation with the intent of reducing morbidity and mortality in young infants. METHODS: Maternal acellular pertussis vaccine impact on reducing infant disease burden was estimated based on data from the Argentinean Health Surveillance System...
December 7, 2016: Vaccine
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