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Pediatric neuropsychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214403/executive-functioning-academic-skills-and-quality-of-life-in-pediatric-patients-with-brain-tumors-post-proton-radiation-therapy
#1
Lea M Ventura, Julie A Grieco, Casey L Evans, Karen A Kuhlthau, Shannon M MacDonald, Nancy J Tarbell, Torunn I Yock, Margaret B Pulsifer
Radiation therapy (RT) is integral in the treatment of pediatric brain tumors; however, photon RT (XRT) often results in intellectual decline, executive functioning (EF) deficits, academic underachievement/failure, and lower health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Proton RT (PRT) provides more targeted therapy, minimizing damage to the developing brain, yet few studies have examined its neuropsychological effects. This study investigated the role of EF in academic skills and HRQoL in a sample of children treated with PRT...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204198/profile-and-outcome-of-pediatric-brain-tumors-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-pediatric-oncology-unit-in-south-india
#2
Supriya Gujjar Suresh, Arathi Srinivasan, Julius Xavier Scott, Santosh Mohan Rao, Balasubramaniam Chidambaram, Sanjay Chandrasekar
Context: Tumors of the central nervous system (CNS) constitute the second most common pediatric cancers. Unlike leukemia, management of CNS tumors requires a good multidisciplinary team. Higher rates of treatment abandonment are documented in view of complexity of the treatment with long duration, involving neurosurgery, radiation, chemotherapy, and high cost of treatment. Morbidity associated with CNS tumors may be significant in terms of physical deficits as well as neuropsychological and neuroendocrine sequelae...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200184/structural-neuroimaging-and-neuropsychologic-signatures-of-vertically-acquired-hiv
#3
Robert Paul, Wasana Prasitsuebsai, Neda Jahanashad, Thanyawee Puthanakit, Paul Thompson, Linda Aurpibul, Rawiwan Hansudewechakul, Pope Kosalaraksa, Suparat Kanjanavanit, Chaiwat Ngampiyaskul, Wicharn Luesomboon, Sukalaya Lerdlum, Mantana Pothisri, Pannee Visrutaratna, Victor Valcour, Talia M Nir, Arvin Saremi, Stephen Kerr, Jintanat Ananworanich
BACKGROUND: Children with vertically acquired human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) exhibit persistent cognitive impairments, yet the corresponding neuroimaging signature of vertical infection remains unclear. METHODS: Fifty healthy control children and 51 vertically infected children were included in the study. The HIV-infected group consisted of survivors who had not received antiretroviral therapy (ART) at birth. The HIV-infected group averaged 11.4 (2.5) years of age, with a median CD4 count of 683 cells/mm...
December 1, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198279/neuropsychology-of-multiple-sclerosis-looking-back-and-moving-forward
#4
Ralph H B Benedict, John DeLuca, Christian Enzinger, Jeroen J G Geurts, Lauren B Krupp, Stephen M Rao
The neuropsychological aspects of multiple sclerosis (MS) have evolved over the past three decades. What was once thought to be a rare occurrence, cognitive dysfunction is now viewed as one of the most disabling symptoms of the disease, with devastating effects on patients' quality of life. This selective review will highlight major innovations and scientific discoveries in the areas of neuropathology, neuroimaging, diagnosis, and treatment that pertain to our understanding of the neuropsychological aspects of MS...
October 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191650/cortical-language-areas-and-plasticity-in-pediatric-patients-with-epilepsy-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Naomi Chou, Sandra Serafini, Carrie R Muh
Chronic injury to the brain from seizure activity is associated with decreased language skills in pediatric patients, as measured on neuropsychological tests for language function and academic achievement. This makes the study of language in patients with epilepsy clinically necessary. Functional magnetic resonance imaging and direct electrical cortical stimulation have been used to evaluate aspects of cortical language processing in healthy adults and in adults with epilepsy or other neurological insults. Results of these studies help to locate cortical language areas that are involved with modality-specific language processing (visual naming, auditory naming, sentence-completion, and repetition) and the neuroplasticity of language areas in the setting of neurological injury and reorganization...
October 12, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183177/low-apgar-scores-in-term-newborns-and-long-term-gastro-intestinal-morbidity-a-population-based-cohort-study-with-up-to-18%C3%A2-years-of-follow-up
#6
Noa Leybovitz-Haleluya, Tamar Wainstock, Eyal Sheiner, Idit Segal, Daniella Landau, Asnat Walfisch
INTRODUCTION: Low Apgar scores (< 7) measured at age 5 minutes can predict short-term infant morbidity and mortality. Although an association exists between low Apgar scores and neuropsychological disorders, other childhood disorders were not thoroughly studied. We aimed to study the possible association between low 5-minute Apgar scores in term newborns and their long-term childhood gastrointestinal (GI) morbidity. METHODS: A population based cohort analysis was performed comparing total and different subtypes of GI related pediatric hospitalizations among newborns with normal (≥ 7) and low (< 7) 5-minute Apgar scores...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065893/neuropsychological-and-internalizing-problems-in-acute-central-nervous-system-infections-a-1-year-follow-up
#7
Bozzola Elena, Bergonzini Paola, Bozzola Mauro, Tozzi Alberto Eugenio, Masci Marco, Rossetti Chiara, Carloni Emanuela, Villani Alberto
BACKGROUND: Acute central nervous system (ACNS) infections such as meningitis, encephalitis and cerebellitis still cause morbidity and mortality among children. The aim of this study was to verify whether neuropsychological impairment may develop in ACNS survivors. METHODS: The study included pediatric patients affected by ACNS disorders, aged 3-16 years admitted to the Bambino Gesù Children Hospital, Rome from June 2013 till June 2015. The patients and their parents underwent a psychological interview and neuropsychological tests during the first week of hospital admission and 1 year after, during a follow-up control...
October 24, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063818/the-efficacy-of-a-pilot-pediatric-cognitive-remediation-summer-program-to-prepare-for-transition-of-care
#8
Donna L Murdaugh, Tricia Z King, Kathleen O'toole
This study assessed the efficacy of a time-sensitive cognitive remediation summer program (CRSP) that provided patients and their families with tools to help mitigate neurocognitive deficits and promote independence to foster precursor transition of medical care skills. A total of 38 participants (aged 9-15) were included in one of the CRSPs offered yearly from 2013 to 2016. A longitudinal design was employed and at each evaluation time point, one week before start of the CRSP (pre-testing) and within three weeks after the end of the program (post-testing)), participants were administered measures of executive functioning in addition to parent ratings of behavior, executive functioning, and adaptive skills (Year 1-Year 4)...
October 24, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036850/methodology-for-the-development-of-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-populations
#9
D Rivera, J C Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To describe the methodology utilized to calculate reliability and the generation of norms for 10 neuropsychological tests for children in Spanish-speaking countries. METHOD: The study sample consisted of over 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Inclusion criteria for all countries were to have between 6 to 17 years of age, an Intelligence Quotient of≥80 on the Test of Non-Verbal Intelligence (TONI-2), and score of <19 on the Children's Depression Inventory...
October 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036849/newly-developed-learning-and-verbal-memory-test-tamv-i-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-population
#10
D Rivera, L Olabarrieta-Landa, B V Rabago Barajas, M J Irías Escher, M Saracostti Schwartzman, R Ferrer-Cascales, P Martín-Lobo, J A Calderón, M A Aguilar Uriarte, A I Peñalver Guia, R Camlla Ynga, C E García-Guerrero, I Fernandez-Agis, A García-Gómez-Pastrana, J A Ibañéz-Alfonso, H Gómez, J Galarza-Del-Angel, C García de la Cadena, J C Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Learning and Verbal Memory Test (TAMV-I) in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the TAMV-I as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. Free recall, memory delay and recognition scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036848/concentration-endurance-test-d2-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-population
#11
D Rivera, C Salinas, D Ramos-Usuga, I D Delgado-Mejía, Y Vasallo Key, G P Hernández Agurcia, J Valencia Vásquez, C E García-Guerrero, C García de la Cadena, B V Rabago Barajas, I Romero-García, A I Campos Varillas, M Sánchez-SanSegundo, A Galvao-Carmona, L Lara, E J Granja Gilbert, P Martín-Lobo, J Velázquez-Cardoso, A Caracuel, J C Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Concentration Endurance Test (d2) test in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the d2 test as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. The Total number of items processed (TN), Total number of correct responses (CR), Total performance (TP), and Concentration performance (CP) scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
October 8, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036847/trail-making-test-normative-data-for-the-latin-american-spanish-speaking-pediatric-population
#12
J C Arango-Lasprilla, D Rivera, D Ramos-Usuga, E Vergara-Moragues, E Montero-López, L A Adana Díaz, A Aguayo Arelis, C E García-Guerrero, C García de la Cadena, X Llerena Espezúa, L Lara, A Padilla-López, W Rodriguez-Irizarry, C Alcazar Tebar, M J Irías Escher, J J Llibre Guerra, N Torales Cabrera, Y Rodríguez-Agudelo, R Ferrer-Cascales
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Trail Making Test (TMT) in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 3,337 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the TMT as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. The TMT-A and TMT-B scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
October 11, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016979/attention-mediated-neurocognitive-profiles-in-survivors-of-pediatric-brain-tumors-comparison-to-children-with-neurodevelopmental-adhd
#13
Kristina K Hardy, Victoria W Willard, Anthony Gioia, Christina Sharkey, Karin S Walsh
Background: Attention and working memory symptoms are among the most common late effects in survivors of pediatric brain tumors, and are often associated with academic and psychosocial difficulties. Diagnostic and treatment approaches derived from the attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) literature have frequently been applied to survivors, yet the extent of overlap in cognitive profiles between these groups is unclear. The objective of the present study is to compare neurocognition in survivors of brain tumors and children with neurodevelopmental ADHD...
September 8, 2017: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981565/validity-of-a-computerized-cognitive-battery-in-children-and-adolescents-with-neurological-diagnoses
#14
Vickie Plourde, Marianne Hrabok, Elisabeth M S Sherman, Brian L Brooks
Objective: Little is known about the validity of computerized cognitive batteries, such as CNS Vital Signs (CNSVS), in pediatric patients. The purpose of this study was to examine convergent and divergent validity of the CNSVS in a clinical pediatric sample with neurological diagnoses. Method: Participants included 123 pediatric patients assessed in a tertiary care setting as part of clinical care. CNSVS (Memory, Psychomotor Speed, Reaction Time, Complex Attention, and Cognitive Flexibility domains, and a Neurocognition Index) and paper-and-pencil neuropsychological measures assessing learning, memory, processing speed, reaction time, attention, and executive functioning were administered...
August 1, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967605/-22q11-2%C3%A2-microdeletion-syndrome-analysis-of-the-care-pathway-before-the-genetic-diagnosis
#15
T Ingrao, L Lambert, M Valduga, G Bosser, E Albuisson, B Leheup
BACKGROUND: 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) is a very broad phenotypic spectrum disorder. It can affect many organs or systems. 22q11.2DS is the most common microdeletion syndrome in humans, with a prevalence ranging from one in every 2000 to one in 4000 newborns. It seems to be more prevalent than reported and under-recognized or undiagnosed because of its inherent clinical variability and heterogeneity. In France, 15,000 patients may be affected by this disease, more than half without knowing it...
November 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946595/stroop-color-word-interference-test-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-population
#16
D Rivera, A Morlett-Paredes, A I Peñalver Guia, M J Irías Escher, M Soto-Añari, A Aguayo Arelis, S Rute-Pérez, A Rodriguez-Lorenzana, Y Rodríguez-Agudelo, N Albaladejo-Blázquez, C García de la Cadena, J A Ibáñez-Alfonso, W Rodriguez-Irizarry, C E García-Guerrero, I D Delgado-Mejía, A Padilla-López, E Vergara-Moragues, M D Barrios Nevado, M Saracostti Schwartzman, J C Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Stroop Word-Color Interference test in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the Stroop test as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. The Stroop-Word, Stroop-Color, Stroop Word-Color and Stroop-Interference scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
September 16, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946594/shortened-version-of-the-token-test-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-population
#17
L Olabarrieta-Landa, D Rivera, A Rodriguez-Lorenzana, S Pohlenz Amador, C E García-Guerrero, A Padilla-López, M Sánchez-SanSegundo, J Velázquez-Cardoso, J P Díaz Marante, R A Caparros-Gonzalez, I Romero-García, J Valencia Vásquez, C García de la Cadena, J M Muñoz Mancilla, B V Rabago Barajas, R Barranco Casimiro, A Galvao-Carmona, P Martín-Lobo, M Saracostti Schwartzman, J C Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Shortened Version of the Token Test in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the Shortened Version of the Token Test as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. Shortened Version of the Token Test total scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
September 16, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946593/symbol-digit-modalities-test-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-population
#18
J C Arango-Lasprilla, D Rivera, Stephen Trapp, C Jiménez-Pérez, C L Hernández Carrillo, S Pohlenz Amador, E Vergara-Moragues, Y Rodríguez-Agudelo, W Rodriguez-Irizarry, C García de la Cadena, A Galvao-Carmona, J Galarza-Del-Angel, X Llerena Espezúa, N Torales Cabrera, P F Caravia, A Aguayo Arelis, M Saracostti Schwartzman, R Barranco Casimiro, N Albaladejo-Blázquez
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT) in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the SDMT as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. SDMT scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
September 16, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946592/modified-wisconsin-card-sorting-test-m-wcst-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-population
#19
J C Arango-Lasprilla, D Rivera, E Nicholls, A Aguayo Arelis, C García de la Cadena, A I Peñalver Guia, E Vergara-Moragues, A Rodriguez-Lorenzana, A Marín-Morales, M Soto-Añari, L Lara, Y Rodríguez-Agudelo, C Alcazar Tebar, J Galarza-Del-Angel, W Rodriguez-Irizarry, J A Ibañéz-Alfonso, C E García-Guerrero, I D Delgado-Mejía, S Pohlenz Amador, M Sánchez-SanSegundo
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Modified Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (M-WCST) in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the M-WCST as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. Number of categories, perseverative errors, and total errors scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
September 16, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946591/verbal-fluency-tests-normative-data-for%C3%A2-spanish-speaking-pediatric-population
#20
L Olabarrieta-Landa, D Rivera, L Lara, S Rute-Pérez, A Rodriguez-Lorenzana, J Galarza-Del-Angel, A I Peñalver Guia, R Ferrer-Cascales, J Velázquez-Cardoso, A I Campos Varillas, D Ramos-Usuga, B Chino-Vilca, M A Aguilar Uriarte, P Martín-Lobo, C García de la Cadena, B Postigo-Alonso, I Romero-García, B V Rabago Barajas, M J Irías Escher, J C Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the phonological and semantic verbal fluency tests (VFT) in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the VFT as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. Scores for letters F, A, S, and animals and fruit categories were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
September 16, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
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