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Pediatric neuropsychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498087/an-expert-opinion-on-pandas-pans-highlights-and-controversies
#1
Francesca Chiarello, Silvia Spitoni, Eric Hollander, Marco Matucci Cerinic, Stefano Pallanti
OBJECTIVES: 'Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal Infections' (PANDAS) identified a unique subgroup of patients with abrupt onset of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms clinically related to Streptococcus infection and accompanied by neuropsychological and motor symptoms. After almost 20 years, PANDAS has not been accepted as distinct disorder and new criteria for paediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS) have been replaced it, highlighting the fact that several agents rather than only Streptococcus might be involved...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493861/maternal-pre-pregnancy-obesity-and-neuropsychological-development-in-pre-school-children-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Maribel Casas, Joan Forns, David Martínez, Mònica Guxens, Ana Fernandez-Somoano, Jesus Ibarluzea, Nerea Lertxundi, Mario Murcia, Marisa Rebagliato, Adonina Tardon, Jordi Sunyer, Martine Vrijheid
BACKGROUND: Maternal pre-pregnancy obesity may impair infant neuropsychological development, but it is unclear if intrauterine or confounding factors drive this association. METHODS: We assessed whether maternal pre-pregnancy obesity was associated with neuropsychological development in 1,827 Spanish children. At 5 years, cognitive and psychomotor development was assessed using McCarthy Scales of Children's Abilities, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms using the Criteria of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, and autism spectrum disorder symptoms using the Childhood Asperger Syndrome Test...
May 11, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481580/neurocognitive-deficits-in-children-with-chronic-health-conditions
#3
Bruce E Compas, Sarah S Jaser, Kristen Reeslund, Niral Patel, Janet Yarboi
Over 4 million children in the United States suffer from chronic health conditions, including cancer, sickle cell disease, and diabetes. Because of major advances in the early identification and treatment of these conditions, survival rates for these children continue to rise, and the majority now lives into adulthood. However, increases in survival have come with costs related to long-term effects of disease processes and treatments. Foremost among these consequences is impairment in brain development and neurocognitive function that may affect a substantial portion of children with chronic health conditions and follow many into adulthood...
May 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476522/preliminary-study-of-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-and-parenting-stress-in-pediatric-mitochondrial-disease
#4
Soyong Eom, Young-Mock Lee
BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding the neuropsychological profiles of pediatric patients with mitochondrial diseases or their parents, information that is crucial for improving the quality of life (QOL) for both patients and parents. We aimed to delineate neurodevelopment and psychological comorbidity in children with mitochondrial diseases in the preliminary investigation of adequate intervention methods, better prognoses, and improved QOL for both patients and parents. METHODS: Seventy children diagnosed with mitochondrial diseases were neuropsychologically evaluated...
February 2, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459608/the-influence-of-comorbid-asthma-on-the-severity-of-symptoms-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#5
Adrienne P Borschuk, Casey Rodweller, Cynthia F Salorio
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined the association between asthma and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in a clinical pediatric sample. METHODS: Demographic and neuropsychological data for children with a billing diagnosis of ADHD were extracted from a clinical database. Families completed standard rating scales. Seventy-one patients with a co-morbid asthma diagnosis were identified and matched by age to a group of 71 patients with only ADHD...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455540/a-prospective-study-of-corpus-callosum-regional-volumes-and-neurocognitive-outcomes-following-cranial-radiation-for-pediatric-brain-tumors
#6
Arif Rashid, Ashwin N Ram, Wendy R Kates, Kristin J Redmond, Moody Wharam, E Mark Mahone, Alena Horska, Stephanie Terezakis
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE(S): Cranial radiation therapy (CRT) may disrupt the corpus callosum (CC), which plays an important role in basic motor and cognitive functions. The aim of this prospective longitudinal study was to assess changes in CC mid-sagittal areas, CC volumes, and performance on neuropsychological (NP) tests related to the CC in children following CRT. MATERIALS/METHODS: Twelve pediatric patients were treated with CRT for primary brain malignancies. Thirteen age-matched healthy volunteers served as controls...
April 28, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452729/quality-of-life-of-children-with-rickets-in-young-age-in-armenia
#7
R Dunamalyan, M Mardiyan, L Danielyan, S Mkrtchyan, A Chopikyan
Quality of Life (QL) currently is one of the most important criteria for evaluating a child's function. The main characteristics of QL in pediatrics are the psychological, physical and social functioning of the body. Integral characteristics of QOL based on the subjective perception of the components of the child and his parents. As a result of the official statistics and our research it turned out that children in this age-group more often suffer from intestinal infections, anemia, hypertrophy, rickets, skin and subcutaneous fiber disease, deficiencies occurring in prenatal period...
February 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452614/outcomes-after-hemispherectomy-in-adult-patients-with-intractable-epilepsy-institutional-experience-and-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#8
Courtney M Schusse, Kris Smith, Cornelia Drees
OBJECTIVE Hemispherectomy is a surgical technique that is established as a standard treatment in appropriately selected patients with drug-resistant epilepsy. It has proven to be successful in pediatric patients with unilateral hemispheric lesions but is underutilized in adults. This study retrospectively evaluated the clinical outcomes after hemispherectomy in adult patients with refractory epilepsy. METHODS This study examined 6 cases of hemispherectomy in adult patients at Barrow Neurological Institute. In addition, all case series of hemispherectomy in adult patients were identified through a literature review using MEDLINE and PubMed...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447250/parent-reported-cognitive-function-is-associated-with-leukoencephalopathy-in-children-with-brain-tumors
#9
Jin-Shei Lai, Corey Bregman, Frank Zelko, Cindy Nowinski, David Cella, Jennifer J Beaumont, Stewart Goldman
PURPOSE: Cognitive dysfunction is a major concern for children with brain tumors. A valid, user-friendly screening tool could facilitate prompt referral for comprehensive neuropsychological assessments and therefore early intervention. Applications of the pediatric perceived cognitive function item bank (pedsPCF) such as computerized adaptive testing can potentially serve as such a tool given its brevity and user-friendly nature. This study aimed to evaluate whether pedsPCF was a valid indicator of cerebral compromise using the criterion of structural brain changes indicated by leukoencephalopathy grades...
April 26, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411414/laser-interstitial-thermotherapy-litt-in-epilepsy-surgery
#10
REVIEW
Christian Hoppe, Juri-Alexander Witt, Christoph Helmstaedter, Thomas Gasser, Hartmut Vatter, Christian E Elger
Besides other innovative stereotactic procedures (radiofrequency thermocoagulation, focused ultrasound, gamma knife) laser interstitial thermotherapy (LiTT) provides minimally invasive destruction of pathological soft tissues which could be especially relevant for epilepsy surgeries involving adult and pediatric patients. Unlike standard resections, no craniotomy is required; just a tiny borehole trepanation is sufficient. Damage to cortical areas when accessing deep lesions can be minimized or completely avoided, and treating epileptogenic foci near eloquent or even vital brain areas becomes possible...
April 6, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393063/neuropsychological-and-psychiatric-outcomes-in-dextro-transposition-of-the-great-arteries-across-the-lifespan-a-state-of-the-art-review
#11
REVIEW
Leila Kasmi, Damien Bonnet, Michèle Montreuil, David Kalfa, Nikoletta Geronikola, David C Bellinger, Johanna Calderon
Advances in prenatal diagnosis, perioperative management, and postoperative care have dramatically increased the population of survivors of neonatal and infant heart surgery. The high survival rate of these patients into adulthood has exposed the alarming prevalence of long-term neuropsychological and psychiatric morbidities. Dextro-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA) is one of the most extensively studied cyanotic congenital heart defect (CHD) with regard to neurodevelopmental outcomes. Landmark studies have described a common neurodevelopmental and behavioral phenotype associated with d-TGA...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369473/a-prevention-based-model-of-neuropsychological-assessment-for-children-with-medical-illness
#12
Kristina K Hardy, Katie Olson, Stephany M Cox, Tess Kennedy, Karin S Walsh
Many pediatric chronic illnesses have shown increased survival rates, leading to greater focus on cognitive and psychosocial issues. Neuropsychological services have traditionally been provided only after significant changes in the child's cognitive or adaptive functioning have occurred. This model of care is at odds with preventative health practice, including early identification and intervention of neuropsychological changes related to medical illness. We propose a tiered model of neuropsychological evaluation aiming to provide a preventative, risk-adapted level of assessment service to individuals with medical conditions impacting the central nervous system based on public health and clinical decision-making care models...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369448/commentary-toward-a-more-rational-system-for-delivering-pediatric-neuropsychological-services
#13
Deborah P Waber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343465/academic-outcomes-in-individuals-with-childhood-onset-epilepsy-mediating-effects-of-working-memory
#14
Ashley N Danguecan, Mary Lou Smith
OBJECTIVES: Academic difficulties are common in children with epilepsy, although little is known about the effect of various seizure-related and cognitive variables. Given that persistent seizures may negatively impact academics, and that working memory is predictive of academic abilities, we examined the effects of recent seizures and working memory on word reading, spelling, and arithmetic in pediatric epilepsy. We hypothesized that persistent seizures would be associated with lower working memory ability, which would in turn result in poorer academic performance...
March 27, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339998/executive-functioning-in-pediatric-chronic-pain-do-deficits-exist
#15
Karen E Weiss, Cynthia Harbeck-Weber, Michael J Zaccariello, Jacqueline N Kimondo, Tracy E Harrison, Barbara K Bruce
Objective. : Despite ample research documenting deficits in executive functioning for adults with chronic pain, the literature on pediatric patients with chronic pain is limited and provides mixed results. The current study sought to further investigate the nature of executive dysfunction in this population and also examine the relationships between pain intensity, duration, and catastrophizing with sustained attention, working memory, and self- and parent-report of executive functioning...
March 6, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335872/cognitive-impairment-in-euthymic-pediatric-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Liana R Elias, Kamilla W Miskowiak, Antônio M O Vale, Cristiano A Köhler, Hanne L Kjærstad, Brendon Stubbs, Lars V Kessing, Eduard Vieta, Michael Maes, Benjamin I Goldstein, André F Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies investigating neurocognition in euthymic youths with bipolar disorder (BD) compared to healthy controls (HCs). METHOD: A systematic literature search was conducted in the PubMed/MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and EMBASE databases from inception up until March 23, 2016, for original peer-reviewed articles that investigated neurocognition in euthymic youths with BD compared to HCs. Effect sizes (ES) for individual tests were extracted...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320567/gender-differences-in-concussion-and-postinjury-cognitive-findings-in-an-older-and-younger-pediatric-population
#17
Sarah Tanveer, Nassim Zecavati, Elizabeth Bronson Delasobera, Temitayo Oyefunmike Oyegbile
BACKGROUND: Studies have documented gender differences associated with concussion. The purpose of this study was to determine if these gender differences are also noted within a pediatric population. METHODS: This prospective study analyzed 1971 patients who had completed preconcussion and postconcussion neuropsychological testing within the Washington, DC, area. RESULTS: Our results showed that children and adolescents with concussion exhibit gender differences with respect to risk factors, recovery, and symptomatology...
February 9, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257280/applying-the-international-classification-of-functioning-children-and-youth-version-to-pediatric-neuro-oncology
#18
Thomas Pletschko, Anna Felnhofer, Agathe Schwarzinger, Liesa Weiler, Irene Slavc, Ulrike Leiss
Given the increased survival rates in patients with pediatric central nervous system tumors, late effects such as treatment- and/or illness-related neurologic sequelae as well as neuropsychological deficits and social difficulties have moved into focus in follow-up care. In order to provide personalized treatment recommendations for pediatric brain tumor survivors, it is crucial not only to assess cognitive impairments but also to measure a patient's functional deficiencies, for example, restricted participation in everyday social activities...
January 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224079/altered-structural-brain-changes-and-neurocognitive-performance-in-pediatric-hiv
#19
Santosh K Yadav, Rakesh K Gupta, Ravindra K Garg, Vimala Venkatesh, Pradeep K Gupta, Alok K Singh, Sheema Hashem, Asma Al-Sulaiti, Deepak Kaura, Ena Wang, Francesco M Marincola, Mohammad Haris
Pediatric HIV patients often suffer with neurodevelopmental delay and subsequently cognitive impairment. While tissue injury in cortical and subcortical regions in the brain of adult HIV patients has been well reported there is sparse knowledge about these changes in perinatally HIV infected pediatric patients. We analyzed cortical thickness, subcortical volume, structural connectivity, and neurocognitive functions in pediatric HIV patients and compared with those of pediatric healthy controls. With informed consent, 34 perinatally infected pediatric HIV patients and 32 age and gender matched pediatric healthy controls underwent neurocognitive assessment and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) on a 3 T clinical scanner...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214048/psychosocial-and-behavioral-functioning-and-their-relationship-to-seizure-timing-in-children-with-benign-epilepsy-with-centrotemporal-spikes
#20
Gonca Bektaş, Uğur Tekin, Edibe Pembegül Yıldız, Tuğçe Aksu Uzunhan, Burak Tatlı, Nur Aydınlı, Mine Çalışkan, Meral Özmen
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial and behavioral problems have been reported in children with benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS). Distinctive features of typical BECTS associated with cognitive and behavioral problems have not clearly been defined. PURPOSE: We aimed to identify psychosocial and behavioral functioning and their relationship to seizure timing in BECTS. METHODS: Consecutive patients with BECTS were recruited from the pediatric neurology outpatient clinic between May 2015 and May 2016...
June 2017: Brain & Development
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