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Pediatric neuropsychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016979/attention-mediated-neurocognitive-profiles-in-survivors-of-pediatric-brain-tumors-comparison-to-children-with-neurodevelopmental-adhd
#1
Kristina K Hardy, Victoria W Willard, Anthony Gioia, Christina Sharkey, Karin S Walsh
Background: Attention and working memory symptoms are among the most common late effects in survivors of pediatric brain tumors, and are often associated with academic and psychosocial difficulties. Diagnostic and treatment approaches derived from the attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) literature have frequently been applied to survivors, yet the extent of overlap in cognitive profiles between these groups is unclear. The objective of the present study is to compare neurocognition in survivors of brain tumors and children with neurodevelopmental ADHD...
September 8, 2017: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981565/validity-of-a-computerized-cognitive-battery-in-children-and-adolescents-with-neurological-diagnoses
#2
Vickie Plourde, Marianne Hrabok, Elisabeth M S Sherman, Brian L Brooks
Objective: Little is known about the validity of computerized cognitive batteries, such as CNS Vital Signs (CNSVS), in pediatric patients. The purpose of this study was to examine convergent and divergent validity of the CNSVS in a clinical pediatric sample with neurological diagnoses. Method: Participants included 123 pediatric patients assessed in a tertiary care setting as part of clinical care. CNSVS (Memory, Psychomotor Speed, Reaction Time, Complex Attention, and Cognitive Flexibility domains, and a Neurocognition Index) and paper-and-pencil neuropsychological measures assessing learning, memory, processing speed, reaction time, attention, and executive functioning were administered...
August 1, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967605/-22q11-2%C3%A2-microdeletion-syndrome-analysis-of-the-care-pathway-before-the-genetic-diagnosis
#3
T Ingrao, L Lambert, M Valduga, G Bosser, E Albuisson, B Leheup
BACKGROUND: 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) is a very broad phenotypic spectrum disorder. It can affect many organs or systems. 22q11.2DS is the most common microdeletion syndrome in humans, with a prevalence ranging from one in every 2000 to one in 4000 newborns. It seems to be more prevalent than reported and under-recognized or undiagnosed because of its inherent clinical variability and heterogeneity. In France, 15,000 patients may be affected by this disease, more than half without knowing it...
September 26, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946595/stroop-color-word-interference-test-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-population
#4
D Rivera, A Morlett-Paredes, A I Peñalver Guia, M J Irías Escher, M Soto-Añari, A Aguayo Arelis, S Rute-Pérez, A Rodriguez-Lorenzana, Y Rodríguez-Agudelo, N Albaladejo-Blázquez, C García de la Cadena, J A Ibáñez-Alfonso, W Rodriguez-Irizarry, C E García-Guerrero, I D Delgado-Mejía, A Padilla-López, E Vergara-Moragues, M D Barrios Nevado, M Saracostti Schwartzman, J C Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Stroop Word-Color Interference test in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the Stroop test as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. The Stroop-Word, Stroop-Color, Stroop Word-Color and Stroop-Interference scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
September 16, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946594/shortened-version-of-the-token-test-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-population
#5
L Olabarrieta-Landa, D Rivera, A Rodriguez-Lorenzana, S Pohlenz Amador, C E García-Guerrero, A Padilla-López, M Sánchez-SanSegundo, J Velázquez-Cardoso, J P Díaz Marante, R A Caparros-Gonzalez, I Romero-García, J Valencia Vásquez, C García de la Cadena, J M Muñoz Mancilla, B V Rabago Barajas, R Barranco Casimiro, A Galvao-Carmona, P Martín-Lobo, M Saracostti Schwartzman, J C Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Shortened Version of the Token Test in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the Shortened Version of the Token Test as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. Shortened Version of the Token Test total scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
September 16, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946593/symbol-digit-modalities-test-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-population
#6
J C Arango-Lasprilla, D Rivera, Stephen Trapp, C Jiménez-Pérez, C L Hernández Carrillo, S Pohlenz Amador, E Vergara-Moragues, Y Rodríguez-Agudelo, W Rodriguez-Irizarry, C García de la Cadena, A Galvao-Carmona, J Galarza-Del-Angel, X Llerena Espezúa, N Torales Cabrera, P F Caravia, A Aguayo Arelis, M Saracostti Schwartzman, R Barranco Casimiro, N Albaladejo-Blázquez
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT) in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the SDMT as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. SDMT scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
September 16, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946592/modified-wisconsin-card-sorting-test-m-wcst-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-population
#7
J C Arango-Lasprilla, D Rivera, E Nicholls, A Aguayo Arelis, C García de la Cadena, A I Peñalver Guia, E Vergara-Moragues, A Rodriguez-Lorenzana, A Marín-Morales, M Soto-Añari, L Lara, Y Rodríguez-Agudelo, C Alcazar Tebar, J Galarza-Del-Angel, W Rodriguez-Irizarry, J A Ibañéz-Alfonso, C E García-Guerrero, I D Delgado-Mejía, S Pohlenz Amador, M Sánchez-SanSegundo
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Modified Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (M-WCST) in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the M-WCST as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. Number of categories, perseverative errors, and total errors scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
September 16, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946591/verbal-fluency-tests-normative-data-for%C3%A2-spanish-speaking-pediatric-population
#8
L Olabarrieta-Landa, D Rivera, L Lara, S Rute-Pérez, A Rodriguez-Lorenzana, J Galarza-Del-Angel, A I Peñalver Guia, R Ferrer-Cascales, J Velázquez-Cardoso, A I Campos Varillas, D Ramos-Usuga, B Chino-Vilca, M A Aguilar Uriarte, P Martín-Lobo, C García de la Cadena, B Postigo-Alonso, I Romero-García, B V Rabago Barajas, M J Irías Escher, J C Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the phonological and semantic verbal fluency tests (VFT) in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the VFT as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. Scores for letters F, A, S, and animals and fruit categories were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
September 16, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946590/peabody-picture-vocabulary-test-iii-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-population
#9
L Olabarrieta-Landa, D Rivera, J A Ibáñez-Alfonso, N Albaladejo-Blázquez, P Martín-Lobo, I D Delgado-Mejía, L Lara, B V Rabago Barajas, A M Rodriguez Salgado, L A Paredes Quispe, I Romero-García, J Velázquez-Cardoso, C García de la Cadena, I Fernandez-Agis, A Padilla-López, G P Hernández Agurcia, A Marín-Morales, A Corral San José, J C Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-III (PPVT-III) in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Honduras, Guatemala, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the PPVT-III as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. PPVT-III scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
September 16, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946569/normative-data-for-spanish-language-neuropsychological-tests-a-step-forward-in-the-assessment-of-pediatric-populations
#10
Juan Carlos Arango Lasprilla, Diego Rivera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 16, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917203/cognitive-behavioral-correlates-of-proxy-reports-on-cognitive-capabilities-in-pediatric-patients-with-epilepsy
#11
Christoph Helmstaedter, Renata Vaz Pandolfo, Christian Hoppe, Juri-Alexander Witt
PURPOSE: To validate the Cognitive Problems in Children and Adolescents Questionnaire (KOPKIJ, German: Kognitive Probleme bei Kindern und Jugendlichen), a proxy report measure for recognizing cognitive problems in pediatric patients with epilepsy. METHODS: Anonymized data sets from 279 pediatric epilepsy patients were standardized in regard to the KOPKIJ results of 352 healthy children and adolescents. The KOPKIJ was related to objective routine neuropsychological assessment (NPY), and to two subjective measures, the Child Behavior Checklist questionnaire (CBCL), a proxy rating by the parents, and a questionnaire for self-perceived health-related quality of life in children and adolescents (KINDL)...
October 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903621/virtual-environments-as-an-assessment-modality-with-pediatric-asd-populations-a-brief-report
#12
Tyler C Duffield, Thomas D Parsons, Allisen Landry, Shaza Karam, Tiffany Otero, Sarah Mastel, Trevor A Hall
Virtual environments (VEs) have demonstrated promise as a neuropsychological assessment modality and may be well suited for the evaluation of children suspected of having an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Some recent studies indicate their potential for enhancing reliability, ecologically validity, and sensitivity over traditional neuropsychological evaluation measures. Although research using VEs with ASD is increasing to the degree that several reviews of the literature have been conducted, the reviews to date lack rigor and are not necessarily specific to cognitive or neuropsychological assessment as many focus on intervention...
September 13, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885225/rey-osterrieth-complex-figure-copy-and-immediate-recall-3-minutes-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-populations
#13
J C Arango-Lasprilla, D Rivera, M M Erlt, J M Muñoz Mancilla, C E García-Guerrero, W Rodriguez-Irizarry, A Aguayo Arelis, Y Rodríguez-Agudelo, M D Barrios Nevado, M Vélez-Coto, T P Yacelga Ponce, A Rigabert, C García de la Cadena, S Pohlenz Amador, E Vergara-Moragues, M Soto-Añari, A I Peñalver Guia, M Saracostti Schwartzman, R Ferrer-Cascales
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Rey- Osterrieth Complex Figure (ROCF) in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the ROCF as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. The ROCF copy and immediate recall (3 minutes) scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
September 5, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874091/gender-in-clinical-neuropsychology-practice-survey-trends-and-comparisons-outside-the-specialty
#14
Jerry J Sweet, Catherine Lee, Leslie M Guidotti Breting, Laura M Benson
OBJECTIVE: This paper describes gender-related trends within clinical neuropsychology, based primarily on recurrent practice surveys within the specialty and, to a lesser extent, job-related information from medical specialties and the general U.S. labor market. METHOD: Chronological and cross-sectional analyses of professional practice survey data from 2005, 2010, and 2015 relevant to gender. As is common with survey data, descriptive analysis and independent samples t-tests were conducted...
September 5, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874075/congenital-heart-disease-a-primer-for-the-pediatric-neuropsychologist
#15
Adam R Cassidy, Dawn Ilardi, Susan R Bowen, Lyla E Hampton, Kimberley P Heinrich, Michelle M Loman, Jacqueline H Sanz, Kelly R Wolfe
Congenital heart disease (CHD) affects millions of people worldwide, including over one million children in the United States. Approximately 25% of children born with CHD require intensive surgical intervention within the first year of life. Despite improved rates of survival into adulthood - rates that exceed 90% in the modern era - children and adolescents with CHD remain at risk for neurological injury and a range of neurobehavioral and psychosocial challenges that pose a threat to quality of life across the lifespan...
September 6, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821687/mri-substrates-of-sustained-attention-system-and-cognitive-impairment-in-pediatric-ms-patients
#16
Ermelinda De Meo, Lucia Moiola, Angelo Ghezzi, Pierangelo Veggiotti, Ruggero Capra, Maria Pia Amato, Elisabetta Pagani, Agnese Fiorino, Lorena Pippolo, Maria C Pera, Giancarlo Comi, Andrea Falini, Massimo Filippi, Maria A Rocca
OBJECTIVE: To explore the structural and functional integrity of the sustained attention system in patients with pediatric multiple sclerosis (MS) and its effect on cognitive impairment. METHODS: We enrolled 57 patients with pediatric MS and 14 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HCs). Patients with >3 abnormal tests at neuropsychological evaluation were classified as cognitively impaired (CI). Sustained attention system activity was studied with fMRI during the Conners Continuous Performance Test (CCPT)...
September 19, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810906/atypical-presentation-of-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-two-case-reports
#17
Maria Cristina Maggio, Greta Mastrangelo, Aldo Skabar, Alessandro Ventura, Marco Carrozzi, Giuseppe Santangelo, Francesca Vanadia, Giovanni Corsello, Rolando Cimaz
BACKGROUND: Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis is a rare autoimmune disease characterized by severe neurological and psychiatric symptoms and a difficult diagnosis. The disease is often secondary to a neoplastic lesion, seldom diagnosed years later. Psychiatric symptoms are prevalent in adults; neurologic symptoms are more evident in children, who typically present primarily with neurological symptoms. To the best of our knowledge, the association with juvenile idiopathic arthritis has not been described...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804898/epilepsy-surgery-of-low-grade-epilepsy-associated-neuroepithelial-tumors-a-retrospective-nationwide-italian-study
#18
Marco Giulioni, Gianluca Marucci, Veronica Pelliccia, Francesca Gozzo, Carmen Barba, Giuseppe Didato, Flavio Villani, Giancarlo Di Gennaro, Pier Paolo Quarato, Vincenzo Esposito, Alessandro Consales, Matteo Martinoni, Gianfranco Vornetti, Corrado Zenesini, Carlo Efisio Marras, Nicola Specchio, Luca De Palma, Raffaele Rocchi, Flavio Giordano, Giovanni Tringali, Paolo Nozza, Gabriella Colicchio, Guido Rubboli, Giorgio Lo Russo, Renzo Guerrini, Paolo Tinuper, Francesco Cardinale, Massimo Cossu
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the attitude and results of Italian epilepsy surgery centers in the surgical management of "low grade epilepsy associated neuroepithelial tumors" (LEATs). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study enrolling 339 consecutive patients with LEATs who underwent surgery between January 2009 and June 2015 at eight Italian epilepsy surgery centers. We compared demographic, clinical, pathologic, and surgical features of patients with favorable (Engel class I) and unfavorable (Engel class II, III, and IV) seizure outcome...
August 14, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682095/the-role-of-the-psychologist-with-disorders-of-consciousness-in-inpatient-pediatric-neurorehabilitation-a-case-series
#19
Sarah Lahey, Cynthia Beaulieu, Karen Sandbach, Angela Colaiezzi, Staci Balkan
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: The psychologist in an inpatient pediatric neurorehabilitation setting provides a vital role in the assessment, treatment, and management of pediatric patients with disorders of consciousness (DoC). Competencies are drawn from several specialty areas of professional psychology, including rehabilitation psychology, pediatric neuropsychology, and pediatric psychology. This specialized knowledge forms the basis for tailoring assessment and treatment plans specific to the individual brain injury profile, with the goals of enhancing diagnosis, prognosis, and care transition decision...
August 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667671/smaller-hippocampal-subfield-volumes-predict-verbal-associative-memory-in-pediatric-brain-tumor-survivors
#20
Alexandra L Decker, Kamila U Szulc, Eric Bouffet, Suzanne Laughlin, M Mallar Chakravarty, Jovanka Skocic, Cynthia B de Medeiros, Donald J Mabbott
The developing hippocampus is highly sensitive to chemotherapy and cranial radiation treatments for pediatric cancers, yet little is known about the effects that cancer treatments have on specific hippocampal subfields. Here, we examined hippocampal subfield volumes in twenty-nine pediatric brain tumor survivors treated with cranial radiation and chemotherapy, and thirty healthy developing children and adolescents. We also examined associations between hippocampal subfield volumes and short-term verbal memory...
July 1, 2017: Hippocampus
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