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Pediatric neuropsychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613961/school-based-multi-tiered-systems-of-support-mtss-an-introduction-to-mtss-for-neuropsychologists
#1
Danielle Wexler
When completing pediatric neuropsychological evaluations, it is important for clinicians to incorporate data from children's school environments. Today, the educational data available to neuropsychologists have resulted from the utilization of multi-tiered systems of support (MTSS) within schools; however, practitioners may lack knowledge and/or training in this school-based approach to assessment and intervention. Better understanding of MTSS may aid pediatric neuropsychologists in their interpretation and use of educational data commonly provided by schools...
June 14, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613953/correlates-of-verbal-learning-and-memory-after-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury
#2
Velisa M Johnson, Jacobus Donders
This study examined the role of injury-related variables, socioeconomic disadvantage, and preexisting conditions on verbal learning and memory in a sample of children with traumatic brain injury (TBI). We also explored the mediating effect of processing speed and working memory. One hundred children aged 7-16 years (M = 13.46, SD = 2.78) completed a neuropsychological assessment between 1-12 months post injury. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were conducted on domains comprising the four-factor model of the California Verbal Learning Test-Children's Version (CVLT-C)...
June 14, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561265/mild-tsh-resistance-clinical-and-hormonal-features-in-childhood-and-adulthood
#3
Maria Cristina Vigone, Marianna Di Frenna, Fabiana Guizzardi, Giulia Gelmini, Tiziana de Filippis, Stefano Mora, Silvana Caiulo, Micol Sonnino, Marco Bonomi, Luca Persani, Giovanna Weber
OBJECTIVE: Mutations in TSH receptor (TSHR) are associated with TSH resistance, a genetic defect characterized by a heterogeneous phenotype ranging from severe hypothyroidism to subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH). We assessed the clinical and hormonal pattern of TSHR variants in a series of pediatric patients, and the long-term outcome of growth, biochemical measurements of metabolism and neuropsychological functions in TSHR mutations carriers. DESIGN: Observational, retrospective study...
May 31, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555180/risk-factors-for-neurocognitive-functioning-in-children-with-autosomal-recessive-polycystic-kidney-disease
#4
REVIEW
Stephen R Hooper
This mini review provides an overview of the issues and challenges inherent in autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD), with a particular focus on the neurological factors and neurocognitive functioning of this population. ARPKD typically is discovered at the end of pregnancy or during the neonatal developmental period and occurs in approximately 1 in 20,000 live births. During the neonatal period, there is a relatively high risk of death, with many infants dying from respiratory failure. As the child ages, they experience progressive kidney disease and become increasingly vulnerable to liver disease, with many individuals eventually requiring dual organ transplants...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554265/secondary-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-following-perinatal-and-childhood-stroke-impact-on-cognitive-and-academic-outcomes
#5
Tricia S Williams, Samantha D Roberts, Andrea M Coppens, Jennifer Crosbie, Nomazulu Dlamini, Robyn Westmacott
This cross-sectional retrospective clinical research study examines a large group of children followed within a pediatric stroke program and a developmental attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) clinic at the Hospital for Sick Children, between May 2004 and June 2016. All children with a history of stroke who participated in a neuropsychological assessment between the ages of 4 and 18 years were considered for inclusion. From a sample of 275 participants with a history of stroke, 36 children (13...
May 30, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548027/dissociation-between-preserved-body-structural-description-and-impaired-body-image-following-a-pediatric-spinal-trauma
#6
Gerardo Salvato, Valeria Peviani, Elisa Scarano, Pina Scarpa, Alessandra Leo, Tiziana Redaelli, Michele Spinelli, Maurizio Sberna, Gabriella Bottini
In adult patients, Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) may influence the mental Body Representation (BR). Currently, there is no evidence on the modulation of SCI on BR during early stages of cognitive development. Here, we investigated BR in a 3-year-old child with complete SCI. The patient was administered with a specific battery assessing different BR components. We found evidence for putative classical neuropsychological dissociation between a preserved topological map with impaired semantic knowledge of the body...
May 26, 2017: Neurocase
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498087/an-expert-opinion-on-pandas-pans-highlights-and-controversies
#7
Francesca Chiarello, Silvia Spitoni, Eric Hollander, Marco Matucci Cerinic, Stefano Pallanti
OBJECTIVES: 'Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal Infections' (PANDAS) identified a unique subgroup of patients with abrupt onset of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms clinically related to Streptococcus infection and accompanied by neuropsychological and motor symptoms. After almost 20 years, PANDAS has not been accepted as distinct disorder and new criteria for paediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS) have been replaced it, highlighting the fact that several agents rather than only Streptococcus might be involved...
June 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493861/maternal-pre-pregnancy-obesity-and-neuropsychological-development-in-pre-school-children-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Maribel Casas, Joan Forns, David Martínez, Mònica Guxens, Ana Fernandez-Somoano, Jesus Ibarluzea, Nerea Lertxundi, Mario Murcia, Marisa Rebagliato, Adonina Tardon, Jordi Sunyer, Martine Vrijheid
BackgroundMaternal pre-pregnancy obesity may impair infant neuropsychological development, but it is unclear whether intrauterine or confounding factors drive this association.MethodsWe assessed whether maternal pre-pregnancy obesity was associated with neuropsychological development in 1,827 Spanish children. At 5 years, cognitive and psychomotor development was assessed using McCarthy Scales of Children's Abilities, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms using the Criteria of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, and autism spectrum disorder symptoms using the Childhood Asperger Syndrome Test...
June 7, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481580/neurocognitive-deficits-in-children-with-chronic-health-conditions
#9
Bruce E Compas, Sarah S Jaser, Kristen Reeslund, Niral Patel, Janet Yarboi
Over 4 million children in the United States suffer from chronic health conditions, including cancer, sickle cell disease, and diabetes. Because of major advances in the early identification and treatment of these conditions, survival rates for these children continue to rise, and the majority now lives into adulthood. However, increases in survival have come with costs related to long-term effects of disease processes and treatments. Foremost among these consequences is impairment in brain development and neurocognitive function that may affect a substantial portion of children with chronic health conditions and follow many into adulthood...
May 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476522/preliminary-study-of-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-and-parenting-stress-in-pediatric-mitochondrial-disease
#10
Soyong Eom, Young-Mock Lee
BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding the neuropsychological profiles of pediatric patients with mitochondrial diseases or their parents, information that is crucial for improving the quality of life (QOL) for both patients and parents. We aimed to delineate neurodevelopment and psychological comorbidity in children with mitochondrial diseases in the preliminary investigation of adequate intervention methods, better prognoses, and improved QOL for both patients and parents. METHODS: Seventy children diagnosed with mitochondrial diseases were neuropsychologically evaluated...
June 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459608/the-influence-of-comorbid-asthma-on-the-severity-of-symptoms-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#11
Adrienne P Borschuk, Casey Rodweller, Cynthia F Salorio
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined the association between asthma and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in a clinical pediatric sample. METHODS: Demographic and neuropsychological data for children with a billing diagnosis of ADHD were extracted from a clinical database. Families completed standard rating scales. Seventy-one patients with a co-morbid asthma diagnosis were identified and matched by age to a group of 71 patients with only ADHD...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455540/a-prospective-study-of-corpus-callosum-regional-volumes-and-neurocognitive-outcomes-following-cranial-radiation-for-pediatric-brain-tumors
#12
Arif Rashid, Ashwin N Ram, Wendy R Kates, Kristin J Redmond, Moody Wharam, E Mark Mahone, Alena Horska, Stephanie Terezakis
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE(S): Cranial radiation therapy (CRT) may disrupt the corpus callosum (CC), which plays an important role in basic motor and cognitive functions. The aim of this prospective longitudinal study was to assess changes in CC mid-sagittal areas, CC volumes, and performance on neuropsychological (NP) tests related to the CC in children following CRT. MATERIALS/METHODS: Twelve pediatric patients were treated with CRT for primary brain malignancies. Thirteen age-matched healthy volunteers served as controls...
April 28, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452729/quality-of-life-of-children-with-rickets-in-young-age-in-armenia
#13
R Dunamalyan, M Mardiyan, L Danielyan, S Mkrtchyan, A Chopikyan
Quality of Life (QL) currently is one of the most important criteria for evaluating a child's function. The main characteristics of QL in pediatrics are the psychological, physical and social functioning of the body. Integral characteristics of QOL based on the subjective perception of the components of the child and his parents. As a result of the official statistics and our research it turned out that children in this age-group more often suffer from intestinal infections, anemia, hypertrophy, rickets, skin and subcutaneous fiber disease, deficiencies occurring in prenatal period...
February 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452614/outcomes-after-hemispherectomy-in-adult-patients-with-intractable-epilepsy-institutional-experience-and-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#14
Courtney M Schusse, Kris Smith, Cornelia Drees
OBJECTIVE Hemispherectomy is a surgical technique that is established as a standard treatment in appropriately selected patients with drug-resistant epilepsy. It has proven to be successful in pediatric patients with unilateral hemispheric lesions but is underutilized in adults. This study retrospectively evaluated the clinical outcomes after hemispherectomy in adult patients with refractory epilepsy. METHODS This study examined 6 cases of hemispherectomy in adult patients at Barrow Neurological Institute. In addition, all case series of hemispherectomy in adult patients were identified through a literature review using MEDLINE and PubMed...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447250/parent-reported-cognitive-function-is-associated-with-leukoencephalopathy-in-children-with-brain-tumors
#15
Jin-Shei Lai, Corey Bregman, Frank Zelko, Cindy Nowinski, David Cella, Jennifer J Beaumont, Stewart Goldman
PURPOSE: Cognitive dysfunction is a major concern for children with brain tumors. A valid, user-friendly screening tool could facilitate prompt referral for comprehensive neuropsychological assessments and therefore early intervention. Applications of the pediatric perceived cognitive function item bank (pedsPCF) such as computerized adaptive testing can potentially serve as such a tool given its brevity and user-friendly nature. This study aimed to evaluate whether pedsPCF was a valid indicator of cerebral compromise using the criterion of structural brain changes indicated by leukoencephalopathy grades...
April 26, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411414/laser-interstitial-thermotherapy-litt-in-epilepsy-surgery
#16
REVIEW
Christian Hoppe, Juri-Alexander Witt, Christoph Helmstaedter, Thomas Gasser, Hartmut Vatter, Christian E Elger
Besides other innovative stereotactic procedures (radiofrequency thermocoagulation, focused ultrasound, gamma knife) laser interstitial thermotherapy (LiTT) provides minimally invasive destruction of pathological soft tissues which could be especially relevant for epilepsy surgeries involving adult and pediatric patients. Unlike standard resections, no craniotomy is required; just a tiny borehole trepanation is sufficient. Damage to cortical areas when accessing deep lesions can be minimized or completely avoided, and treating epileptogenic foci near eloquent or even vital brain areas becomes possible...
April 6, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393063/neuropsychological-and-psychiatric-outcomes-in-dextro-transposition-of-the-great-arteries-across-the-lifespan-a-state-of-the-art-review
#17
REVIEW
Leila Kasmi, Damien Bonnet, Michèle Montreuil, David Kalfa, Nikoletta Geronikola, David C Bellinger, Johanna Calderon
Advances in prenatal diagnosis, perioperative management, and postoperative care have dramatically increased the population of survivors of neonatal and infant heart surgery. The high survival rate of these patients into adulthood has exposed the alarming prevalence of long-term neuropsychological and psychiatric morbidities. Dextro-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA) is one of the most extensively studied cyanotic congenital heart defect (CHD) with regard to neurodevelopmental outcomes. Landmark studies have described a common neurodevelopmental and behavioral phenotype associated with d-TGA...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369473/a-prevention-based-model-of-neuropsychological-assessment-for-children-with-medical-illness
#18
Kristina K Hardy, Katie Olson, Stephany M Cox, Tess Kennedy, Karin S Walsh
Many pediatric chronic illnesses have shown increased survival rates, leading to greater focus on cognitive and psychosocial issues. Neuropsychological services have traditionally been provided only after significant changes in the child's cognitive or adaptive functioning have occurred. This model of care is at odds with preventative health practice, including early identification and intervention of neuropsychological changes related to medical illness. We propose a tiered model of neuropsychological evaluation aiming to provide a preventative, risk-adapted level of assessment service to individuals with medical conditions impacting the central nervous system based on public health and clinical decision-making care models...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369448/commentary-toward-a-more-rational-system-for-delivering-pediatric-neuropsychological-services
#19
Deborah P Waber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343465/academic-outcomes-in-individuals-with-childhood-onset-epilepsy-mediating-effects-of-working-memory
#20
Ashley N Danguecan, Mary Lou Smith
OBJECTIVES: Academic difficulties are common in children with epilepsy, although little is known about the effect of various seizure-related and cognitive variables. Given that persistent seizures may negatively impact academics, and that working memory is predictive of academic abilities, we examined the effects of recent seizures and working memory on word reading, spelling, and arithmetic in pediatric epilepsy. We hypothesized that persistent seizures would be associated with lower working memory ability, which would in turn result in poorer academic performance...
March 27, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
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