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hepatitis B retrospective descriptive

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738011/prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-c-and-hiv-among-patients-attending-a-teaching-dental-hospital-a-7-year-retrospective-study-from-the-united-arab-emirates
#1
Suhail H Al-Amad
OBJECTIVES: To determine the seroprevalence and case characteristics of hepatitis B, C and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and their transmissibility from patients to dental personnel following percutaneous and mucocutaneous injuries. METHODS: All incidents of sharp and splash injuries reported between January 2010 and January 2017 were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed. Descriptive statistics were calculated using the Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS)...
May 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596409/distinct-inflammatory-profile-underlies-pathological-increases-in-creatinine-levels-associated-with-plasmodium-vivax-malaria-clinical-severity
#2
Luís A B Cruz, Manoel Barral-Netto, Bruno B Andrade
BACKGROUND: Although Plasmodium vivax infection is a frequent cause of malaria worldwide, severe presentations have been more regularly described only in recent years. In this setting, despite clinical descriptions of multi-organ involvement, data associating it with kidney dysfunction are relatively scarce. Here, renal dysfunction is retrospectively analyzed in a large cohort of vivax malaria patients with an attempt to dissect its association with disease severity and mortality, and to determine the role of inflammation in its progression...
March 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579055/proportion-and-predictors-of-transfusion-transmissible-infections-among-blood-donors-in-north-shewa-zone-central-north-ethiopia
#3
Tekalign Deressa, Wubet Birhan, Bamlaku Enawgaw, Molla Abebe, Habtamu Wondiferaw Baynes, Mekuria Desta, Betelihem Terefe, Mulugeta Melku
BACKGROUND: Transfusion-transmissible infections (TTIs) pose a significant challenge for the availability and safety of blood transfusion. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and risk factors for TTIs among blood donors in North Shewa zone, central North Ethiopia. METHODS: A retrospective survey of blood donors' medical records was conducted from April 2014 to June 2017 to assess the presence of hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and syphilis infections...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561969/liver-transplantation-in-hepatitis-delta-south-america-experience
#4
Daniel Souza Lima, Abdon José Murad Júnior, Márcio Alencar Barreira, Guilherme Cardoso Fernandes, Gustavo Rego Coelho, José Huygens Parente Garcia
BACKGROUND: The Amazon region is one of the main endemic areas of hepatitis delta in the world and the only one related to the presence of genotype 3 of the delta virus. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the profile, mortality and survival of cirrhotic patients submitted to liver transplantation for chronic hepatitis delta virus and compare with those transplanted by hepatitis B virus monoinfection. METHODS: Retrospective, observational and descriptive study...
January 2018: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554828/management-of-hepatitis-b-reactivation-in-lymphoma-patients-on-rituximab-with-past-hepatitis-b-exposure-an-observational-study
#5
Denise Yeo, Ihtimam Hossain, Soon Thye Lim, Mohamad Farid, Miriam Tao, Richard Quek, Tiffany Tang, Alexandre Chan
Background Currently, a standardized approach to prevent and manage hepatitis B reactivation in lymphoma patients with past hepatitis exposure receiving rituximab in Singapore is lacking. This study is designed to report the current management approach and outcomes associated with hepatitis B reactivation. Objectives The primary objective was to report 6-, 12-, 24-month cumulative hepatitis B reactivation-related outcomes. Secondary objectives were to report monitoring frequencies of hepatitis B DNA and liver function tests performed in lymphoma patients with resolved hepatitis B receiving rituximab, and anti-viral prophylaxis use...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512233/screening-recipients-of-increased-risk-donor-organs-a-multicenter-retrospective-study
#6
Michael G Ison, Meenakshi M Rana, Kyle D Brizendine, Sonia Chimienti, Jade Le, Rosette Kfoury, Parvin Mohazabnia, Nicole Theodoropoulos
Organ Procurement & Transplantation Network policy requires post-transplant screening of recipients of organs from donors at increased risk for transmission of HIV, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus. Available data suggest that follow-up testing of recipients is not routinely conducted. Data on increased risk donors and recipients of their organs from 2008 to 2012 were retrospectively collected from 6 transplant centers after IRB approval. Descriptive statistics were performed. About 363 (60%) recipients were screened for transmission of HIV, HBV, and/or HCV at some time point; 257 (70...
March 7, 2018: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482629/primary-carcinosarcoma-of-the-liver-imaging-features-and-clinical-findings-in-six-cases-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#7
Jing Li, Pan Liang, Dandan Zhang, Jie Liu, Hongkai Zhang, Jinrong Qu, Jianbo Gao
BACKGROUND: Carcinosarcoma of the liver is a very rare tumor composed of a mixture of carcinomatous and sarcomatous elements. Less than 25 adequately documented cases have been reported, with inadequate description of imaging features. In order to improve the awareness of this rare tumor, this study aimed to analyze the clinicopathologic and imaging features of six cases of hepatic carcinosarcoma (HCS) confirmed by surgical pathologic evaluation. METHODS: We retrospectively studied the clinicopathologic and imaging features of six cases of HCS (matching the World Health Organization definition) and discussed the differential diagnosis on the basis of imaging findings...
February 27, 2018: Cancer Imaging: the Official Publication of the International Cancer Imaging Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459805/-hepatitis-b-and-c-prevalence-in-a-blood-bank-at-general-hospital-in-callao-peru
#8
Liliana Alvarez, Paul Jesús Tejada-Llacsa, Giannina Melgarejo-García, Gabriel Berto, Pedro Montes Teves, Eduardo Monge
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of sero positivity for HBsAg, Anti-HBcAg and AntiHVC in the blood bank of Hospital Daniel Carrion during the period 2010 - 2012. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cross-sectional study. Potential donors who met the inclusion criteria were included. Sociodemographic factors, risk behaviors were gathered. A descriptive analysis was performed with STATA 14. RESULTS: 13,887 potential blood donors of the HNDAC between January 2010 and December 2012 were identified...
October 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036415/transfusion-transmissible-infections-among-walk-in-blood-donors-at-kisumu-regional-blood-transfusion-centre-kisumu-county-kenya-2015
#9
Dominic Wamamba, Dickens Onyango, Elvis Oyugi, Evalyne Kanyina, Mark Obonyo, Jane Githuku, James Ransom
Background: Transfusion transmissible infections (TTIs) are threats to blood safety. This study investigated TTIs among volunteer blood donors at the Kisumu Regional Blood Transfusion Centre (KRBTC) in Kenya. Methods: We performed a retrospective record review of blood donor registers at KRBTC, 2015. Walk-in donors accepted for donation were analyzed to determine prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV), and syphilis...
November 8, 2017: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977233/chronic-hepatitis-b-and-d-prognosis-according-to-child-pugh-score
#10
Marcelo Siqueira de Oliveira, Romeu Paulo Martins Silva, Suiane da Costa Negreiros do Valle, Elisabeth Níglio de Figueiredo, Dayana Fram
Objective: compare chronic hepatitis B patients to those superinfected with hepatitis D virus, according to Child-Pugh score regarding disease severity. Method: retrospective descriptive study, performed with 59 patients followed in the ambulatory, of which 22 (37.3%) were chronically infected with hepatitis B virus (Group HBV) and 37 (62.7%) superinfected with Delta virus (Group HBV+HDV); variables of sex, age and items of Child-Pugh score were collected by consulting medical records...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842937/optimization-of-region-of-interest-sampling-strategies-for-hepatic-mri-proton-density-fat-fraction-quantification
#11
Cheng William Hong, Tanya Wolfson, Ethan Z Sy, Alexandra N Schlein, Jonathan C Hooker, Soudabeh Fazeli Dehkordy, Gavin Hamilton, Scott B Reeder, Rohit Loomba, Claude B Sirlin
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials utilizing proton density fat fraction (PDFF) as an imaging biomarker for hepatic steatosis have used a laborious region-of-interest (ROI) sampling strategy of placing an ROI in each hepatic segment. PURPOSE: To identify a strategy with the fewest ROIs that consistently achieves close agreement with the nine-ROI strategy. STUDY TYPE: Retrospective secondary analysis of prospectively acquired clinical research data...
April 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724036/clinical-pharmacology-profile-of-care-in-hepatology-clinic
#12
Talita Rocha Passos, Fabiana Silva Santos, Maria Cleusa Martins, Vanusa Barbosa Pinto, Flair José Carrilho, Suzane Kioko Ono
Since 2010, the Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology Division of the Central Institute of Hospital das Clínicas of the University of São Paulo Medical School (HC-FMUSP, in the Portuguese acronym) has been developing specialized electives assistance activities in the Outpatient Specialty Clinic, Secondary Level, in São Paulo NGA-63 Várzea do Carmo. The objective of this study was to analyze the pharmacotherapeutic profile of patients. This is a cross-sectional and retrospective study in which patients were seen at the Hepatology sector and the results were submitted to descriptive statistics...
May 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678865/transfusion-transmissible-viral-infections-among-blood-donors-at-the-north-gondar-district-blood-bank-northwest-ethiopia-a-three-year-retrospective-study
#13
Belete Biadgo, Elias Shiferaw, Berhanu Woldu, Kefyalew Addis Alene, Mulugeta Melku
BACKGROUND: Transfusion-transmissible viral infections, such as hepatitis C virus (HCV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), remain a major public health problem in developing countries. The prevalence of these viral infections among blood donors may reflect the burden of these diseases among populations. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the sero-prevalence of transfusion-transmissible viral infections among blood donors. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted using data obtained from registration books of blood donors from the Ethiopian North Gondar District Blood Bank from 2010 to 2012...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403980/characteristics-management-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-africa-a-multicountry-observational-study-from-the-africa-liver-cancer-consortium
#14
Ju Dong Yang, Essa A Mohamed, Ashraf O Abdel Aziz, Hend I Shousha, Mohamed B Hashem, Mohamed M Nabeel, Ahmed H Abdelmaksoud, Tamer M Elbaz, Mary Y Afihene, Babatunde M Duduyemi, Joshua P Ayawin, Adam Gyedu, Marie-Jeanne Lohouès-Kouacou, Antonin W Ndjitoyap Ndam, Ehab F Moustafa, Sahar M Hassany, Abdelmajeed M Moussa, Rose A Ugiagbe, Casimir E Omuemu, Richard Anthony, Dennis Palmer, Albert F Nyanga, Abraham O Malu, Solomon Obekpa, Abdelmounem E Abdo, Awatif I Siddig, Hatim M Y Mudawi, Uchenna Okonkwo, Mbang Kooffreh-Ada, Yaw A Awuku, Yvonne A Nartey, Elizabeth T Abbew, Nana A Awuku, Jesse A Otegbayo, Kolawole O Akande, Hailemichael M Desalegn, Abidemi E Omonisi, Akande O Ajayi, Edith N Okeke, Mary J Duguru, Pantong M Davwar, Michael C Okorie, Shettima Mustapha, Jose D Debes, Ponsiano Ocama, Olufunmilayo A Lesi, Emuobor Odeghe, Ruth Bello, Charles Onyekwere, Francis Ekere, Rufina Igetei, Mitchell A Mah'moud, Benyam Addissie, Hawa M Ali, Gregory J Gores, Mark D Topazian, Lewis R Roberts
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma is a leading cause of cancer-related death in Africa, but there is still no comprehensive description of the current status of its epidemiology in Africa. We therefore initiated an African hepatocellular carcinoma consortium aiming to describe the clinical presentation, management, and outcomes of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma in Africa. METHODS: We did a multicentre, multicountry, retrospective observational cohort study, inviting investigators from the African Network for Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases to participate in the consortium to develop hepatocellular carcinoma research databases and biospecimen repositories...
February 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366600/the-impact-of-an-immunization-check-up-at-a-pharmacist-provided-employee-health-screening
#15
Amy Sparkman, Andrea L Brookhart, Jean-Venable Kelly R Goode
OBJECTIVES: To determine which types of vaccine recommendations were accepted and acted upon by patients after an immunization check-up at a pharmacist-provided employee health screening, and to evaluate if there was a difference between influenza and non-influenza vaccines. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational. SETTING: Supermarket chain. PATIENTS: Employees and covered spouses. INTERVENTION: Immunization check-up...
May 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647675/an-unexpected-surge-in-plasma-bkpyv-viral-load-heralds-the-development-of-bkpyv-associated-metastatic-bladder-cancer-in-a-lung-transplant-recipient-with-bkpyv-nephropathy
#16
S Kuppachi, D Holanda, M Eberlein, B Alexiev, A J Tyler, M C Wissel, S B Kleiboeker, C P Thomas
We report a lung transplant recipient who developed BK polyoma virus (BKPyV) DNAemia and BKPyV nephropathy. With careful management of his immunosuppression he achieved significant reduction in BKPyV DNAemia and stabilization of his kidney function. He later developed a high-grade bladder cancer and shortly thereafter he experienced a major upsurge in the level of BKPyV DNAemia that coincided with the discovery of hepatic metastasis. Retrospectively, the bladder cancer and the hepatic secondary tumor stained uniformly for SV40 large T antigen, and the BKPyV DNA sequences identified in plasma corresponded to BKPyV DNA within hepatic tissue, indicating that the spike in BKPyV load was likely derived from the circulating tumor cells or cell-free tumor DNA following metastases of a BKV-associated cancer...
March 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27213092/viral-load-pattern-among-hepatitis-b-surface-antigen-positive-patients-laboratory-perspective-and-implications-for-therapy
#17
K C Iregbu, P I Nwajiobi-Princewill
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B viral infection is an old medical problem with worldwide distribution. It is usually diagnosed using serologic methods. However, the decision as to which patient to treat or not remains challenging due to the poor sensitivity of serologic markers as prognostic or severity markers. Viral load (VL) determination using polymerase chain reaction techniques is a useful tool in decision-making. AIM: To determine the proportion of hepatitis B-positive patients who fall into different care groups based on the Society for Gastroenterology and Hepatology in Nigeria (SOGHIN) and National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidelines, respectively, using result of hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA determination...
March 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27087001/the-metabolic-phenotype-of-youth-onset-type-2-diabetes-the-role-of-pregestational-diabetes-exposure-and-the-hepatic-nuclear-factor-1alpha-g319s-polymorphism
#18
Jodie Charison, Brandy A Wicklow, Heather J Dean, Elizabeth A C Sellers
INTRODUCTION: The influence of exposure to diabetes in utero and the HNF-1α G319S polymorphism on the metabolic phenotype of youth with T2DM at diagnosis is unknown. The objective of this study is to describe the metabolic phenotype at diagnosis of youth with T2DM: a) by exposure to gestational or pregestational diabetes and b) by HNF-1α G319S genotype. METHODS: A cross-sectional retrospective chart review of youth with T2DM diagnosed between 2006 and 2011 seen at a single centre was performed...
June 2016: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27056794/prevalence-of-hepatotoxicity-from-antituberculosis-therapy-a-five-year-experience-from-south-india
#19
Arunava Saha, Margaret Shanthi F X, Blessed Winston A, Saibal Das, Aniket Kumar, Joy S Michael, T Balamugesh
BACKGROUND: Antituberculosis (ATT) drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is a common and serious adverse effect of tuberculosis (TB) treatment. This retrospective study was carried out to study the prevalence of DILI among patients who had received anti-TB medications and to study some of the known risk factors responsible for causing DILI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This longitudinal descriptive study was performed to evaluate cases of DILI with predefined criteria. Patients of all ages, diagnosed and treated for smear positive pulmonary TB from January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2012 and those who came for regular follow-up were included in the study...
July 2016: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26922241/seroprevalence-of-transfusion-transmitted-infection-among-blood-donors-at-jijiga-blood-bank-eastern-ethiopia-retrospective-4-years-study
#20
Yusuf Mohammed, Alemayehu Bekele
BACKGROUND: A transfusion transmissible infection (TTI) is any infection that is transmissible from person to- person through parenteral administration of blood or blood products. The magnitude of transfusion-transmitted infections (TTI) varies from country to country depending on TTI's load in that particular population. Measuring their severity, WHO (World Health Organization) has recommended pre-transfusion blood test for Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Hepatitis B virus (HBV), Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) and Syphilis as mandatory...
February 27, 2016: BMC Research Notes
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