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hepatitis B retrospective

Imane El Dika, James J Harding, Ghassan K Abou-Alfa
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is becoming an important cause of mortality in patients with HIV, attributed to coinfection with hepatitis C virus, hepatitis B virus, and the longer survival advantage these patients are achieving after introducing the highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimens. RECENT FINDINGS: In addition to hepatitis infection, immunosuppression secondary to HIV infection, direct impact of the virus on liver parenchyma, and the use of hepatotoxic antiretroviral drugs, all contribute to HCC pathogenesis...
October 15, 2016: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
Ruixue Miao, Zhiling Wang, Qin Guo, Yang Wen, Qiong Liao, Yu Zhu, Min Shu, Chaomin Wan
BACKGROUND: Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) is a life-threatening parasitic infection transmitted by phlebotomine sandflies. We undertook this study to analyze the clinical features of pediatric VL in a population of Chinese children. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed with pediatric patients (≤14years) diagnosed with VL based on bone-marrow biopsy, serology and diagnosis based on clinical manifestation and the improvement after the experimental drug when negative bone marrow and serology results were shown...
September 30, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Raquel Núñez-Ramos, Soledad Montoro, Marcello Bellusci, María Rosa Del Fresno-Valencia, Marta Germán-Díaz, Pedro Urruzuno, Enrique Medina, Javier Manzanares
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to analyze the characteristics of patients with acute liver failure (ALF) in our center and evaluate the prognostic value of the Pediatric End-Stage Liver Disease (PELD) score calculated at admission. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients with ALF younger than 15 years between 2005 and 2013 was performed. Information collected included age, sex, etiology of ALF, laboratory tests, PELD score, stage of encephalopathy, and need for liver support devices such as MARS and/or liver transplant (LT) and survival...
September 30, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Gamze Ugurluer, Robert C Miller, Yexiong Li, Juliette Thariat, Pirus Ghadjar, Ulrike Schick, Mahmut Ozsahin
Primary hepatic lymphoma (PHL) is a rare malignancy. We aimed to assess the clinical profile, outcome and prognostic factors in PHL through the Rare Cancer Network (RCN). A retrospective analysis of 41 patients was performed. Median age was 62 years (range, 23-86 years) with a male-to-female ratio of 1.9:1.0. Abdominal pain or discomfort was the most common presenting symptom. Regarding B-symptoms, 19.5% of patients had fever, 17.1% weight loss, and 9.8% night sweats. The most common radiological presentation was multiple lesions...
September 5, 2016: Rare Tumors
Vijay K Karra, Soumya J Chowdhury, Rajesh Ruttala, Sunil K Polipalli, Premashis Kar
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Quantification of serum hepatitis B antigen (HBsAg) is an important test that marks active infection with hepatitis B and helps in the prediction of the clinical outcome and management of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Correlation with HBV DNA quantitative levels may help in developing strategies for antiviral treatment. This study is aimed to evaluate HBsAg titres in various phase of HBV infection in HBsAg positive patients, and its correlation with HBV DNA viral load levels...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
M Gastaca, M Prieto, A Valdivieso, P Ruiz, A Ventoso, I Palomares, A Matarranz, L Martinez-Indart, J Ortiz de Urbina
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether a portal flow of <1,000 mL/min in orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is associated with a higher incidence of early graft dysfunction (EGD) and graft loss. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed of 540 OLTs carried out consecutively from December 2004 to December 2013. Patients were divided into 2 groups: group A, portal flow <1,000 mL/min; and group B, portal flow >1,000 mL/min. We studied the incidence of EGD and graft survival...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
M E Gámez Córdoba, B Sánchez Pérez, J Santoyo Santoyo, J L Fernández Aguilar, M A Suárez Muñoz, J A Pérez Daga, F J León Díaz, C Montiel Casado
BACKGROUND: The Andalusian community has a specific management model of liver transplantation with a common waiting list, forcing transportation of 45% of hepatic grafts. These trips within the community have been made exclusively via expressway since 2012, sometimes surpassing 400 km in distance. The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of graft transportation on our community regarding postoperative results, primary dysfunction, and short-term graft survival. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational cohort study that included 110 patients recipients of liver transplants from 2009 to 2012...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
James X Chen, Steven Rose, Sarah B White, Ghassan El-Haddad, Nicholas Fidelman, Hooman Yarmohammadi, Winifred Hwang, Daniel Y Sze, Nishita Kothary, Kristen Stashek, E Paul Wileyto, Riad Salem, David C Metz, Michael C Soulen
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate prognostic factors for survival outcomes following embolotherapy for neuroendocrine tumor (NET) liver metastases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a multicenter retrospective study of 155 patients (60 years mean age, 57 % male) with NET liver metastases from pancreas (n = 71), gut (n = 68), lung (n = 8), or other/unknown (n = 8) primary sites treated with conventional transarterial chemoembolization (TACE, n = 50), transarterial radioembolization (TARE, n = 64), or transarterial embolization (TAE, n = 41) between 2004 and 2015...
October 13, 2016: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
E B Tapper, B R Bacon, M P Curry, D T Dieterich, S L Flamm, L E Guest, K V Kowdley, Y Lee, N C Tsai, Z M Younossi, N H Afdhal
Early data regarding the "real-world" experience with novel therapies for hepatitis C (HCV) are encouraging. Data are still limited, however, regarding real-world rates of sustained virologic response (SVR) for ledipasvir-sofosbuvir (LDV-SOF), particularly for patients with prior treatment failure. We performed a retrospective cohort study of 1597 patients with chronic genotype 1 HCV who were treated using 12 weeks of the following regimens LDV-SOF±ribavirin (RBV) (n=1521 without RBV, n=76 with RBV). The primary outcome was SVR-determined at 12 weeks in an intention-to-treat design...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
Jianwei Liu, Yong Xia, Lehua Shi, Xifeng Li, Lu Wu, Zhenlin Yan
BACKGROUND: The relationship between serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and postoperative prognosis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has not been reported. METHODS: Data of 5410 consecutive HCC patients who underwent hepatectomy was retrospectively reviewed. Survival curves for overall survival (OS) and tumor recurrence (TR) were depicted using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared using the log-rank test. Independent risk factors of OS and TR were analyzed with Cox hazard regression model...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Jaemin Lee, Sun Hong Yoo, Won Sohn, Hyung Woo Kim, Yong Sun Choi, Jung Ho Won, Jin Young Heo, Sang Jong Park, Young Min Park
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aimed to clarify the effect of obesity on the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients receiving antiviral treatment. METHODS: This study applied a retrospective analysis to a historical cohort in Bundang Jesaeng Hospital. In total, 102 CHB patients were treated with entecavir as an initial treatment for CHB and checked for obesity using a body composition analyzer. Hepatic steatosis was measured semiquantitatively using Hamaguchi's scoring system in ultrasonography...
September 2016: Clinical and Molecular Hepatology
Yiyu Lu, Weiguang Gu, Jin Deng, Hua Yang, Wen Yang
BACKGROUND: Concurrent chemotherapy and radiation is the standard treatment for unresectable stage III Lung adenocarcinoma. However, no optimal concurrent chemotherapeutic regimen has been described. This study aimed to assess concurrent pemetrexed, nedaplatin and thoracic intensity-modulated radiotherapy followed by consolidation pemetrexed/nedaplatin for unresectable Stage IIIA/B lung adenocarcinoma. METHODS: Patients with unresectable stage III lung adenocarcinoma received thoracic intensity-modulated radiotherapy at 60-64 Gy in 30-32 fractions, concurrently with two cycles of 500 mg/m(2) pemetrexed, with nedaplatin doses escalating from 60 mg/m(2) (level 1) to 70 mg/m(2) (level 2) and 80 mg/m(2) (level 3)...
October 7, 2016: BMC Cancer
Shuguo Yang, Danmei Jiao, Changjun Liu, Ming Lv, Shan Li, Zongyun Chen, Yao Deng, Yanqing Zhao, Jian Li
BACKGROUND: Ordinary screening of transfusion-transmissible infections (TTIs) among blood donors is essential for blood transfusion. Although there is several TTIs studies focus on human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B and C viruses, and Treponema pallidum infections in China, it is no data to illustrate any firm conclusion from Shiyan City, Central China. It aims to verify the seroprevalence of TTIs among blood donors at Shiyan. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of blood donors' information was conducted for the presence of HIV, HBV, HCV and T...
October 1, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Qingqing Cai, Kailin Chen, Jie Chen, Shaoxu Wu, Qirong Geng, Huiqiang Huang, Tongyu Lin, Wenqi Jiang, Zhongjun Xia, Huaxin Duan, Huilan Rao, Mengfei Yao, Liyang Hu
Prophylactic antiviral therapy is essential for lymphoma patients with high baseline HBV DNA who undergo cytotoxic chemotherapy. However, there are limited data on the optimal options. The present study was designed to compare the efficacy of prophylactic lamivudine (LAM) with lamivudine plus adefovir dipivoxil (LAM+ADV) in preventing hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation in lymphoma with, pre-chemotherapy HBV DNA load ≥2000 IU/ml. We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 86 lymphoma patients with baseline HBV DNA load ≥2000 IU/ml during chemotherapy and received LAM or LAM+ADV as prophylaxis between January 1, 2008 and November 30, 2014 at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, China...
2016: PloS One
Umut Kalyoncu, Hakan Emmungil, Ahmet Mesut Onat, Sedat Yılmaz, Timuçin Kaşifoglu, Servet Akar, Nevsun İnanç, Fatih Yıldız, Orhan Küçükşahin, Ömer Karadağ, Rıdvan Mercan, Cemal Bes, Veli Yazısız, Barış Yılmazer, Mustafa Özmen, Şükran Erten, Soner Şenel, Ayten Yazıcı, Koray Taşçılar, Melike Kalfa, Sedat Kiraz, Bünyamin Kısacık, Yavuz Pehlivan, Levent Kılıç, İsmail Şimşek, Ayşe Çefle, Nurullah Akkoç, Haner Direskeneli, Eren Erken, Murat Turgay, Mehmet Akif Öztürk, Mehmet Soy, Kenan Aksu, Ayhan Dinç, İhsan Ertenli
OBJECTIVE: The reactivation of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a well-known event in hepatitis B surface antigen (HbsAg)-positive patients receiving immunosuppressive therapy. The objective of this study was to assess the antiviral practice and course of HBV infection in inflammatory arthritis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Nineteen rheumatology centers participated in this retrospective study. HbsAg-positive patients who were taking disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs and who were being tested for HBV viral load at a minimum of two different time points were included...
December 2015: Eur J Rheumatol
Pradeep R Atla, Muhammad Y Sheikh, Firdose Gill, Rabindra Kundu, Jayanta Choudhury
BACKGROUND: Hospital re-admissions in decompensated cirrhosis are associated with worse patient outcomes. Hispanics have a disproportionately high prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related morbidity and mortality. The goal of this study was to evaluate the factors affecting re-admission rates among Hispanics with HCV-related cirrhosis. METHODS: A total of 292 consecutive HCV-related cirrhosis admissions (Hispanics 189, non-Hispanics 103) from January 2009 to December 2012 were retrospectively reviewed; 132 were cirrhosis-related re-admissions...
October 2016: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
Elma Jahic, Amela Sofic, Azra Husic Selimovic
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was of prospective-retrospective character. It was carried out at the AKH in Vienna (Austria), where 100 patients with focal liver lesions were included in the study. All patients underwent the routine MR sequences on appliances 1,5 and 3T (Siemens, Germany): T1, T2, HASTE, VIBE, and a DWI with three b values (b 50, b 300 b 600 s / mm(2)) and ADC map with ROI (regions of interest). The numerical value of ADC map was calculated, where n = 100 liver lesions, by two independent radiologists...
July 16, 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
Yong-Fa Zhang, Jie Zhou, Wei Wei, Ru-Hai Zou, Min-Shan Chen, Wan Yee Lau, Ming Shi, Rong-Ping Guo
BACKGROUND: The subgroups of patients with intermediate-stage (BCLC-B) hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who would truly benefit from hepatic resection (HR) are unknown. An objective point score was established to guide the selection of these patients for HR. METHODS: In all, 255 consecutive patients with intermediate-stage HCC treated with HR were evaluated retrospectively and included in this study (the training cohort). The variables on overall survival (OS, log-rank test) were investigated and a point score (the NSP score) was developed by using a Cox-regression model and validated in an independent external cohort from another institution (n=169)...
October 4, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
Fumitaka Suzuki, Yoshiyuki Suzuki, Tetsuya Hosaka, Hitomi Sezaki, Norio Akuta, Shunichiro Fujiyama, Yusuke Kawamura, Masahiro Kobayashi, Satoshi Saitoh, Yasuji Arase, Kenji Ikeda, Mariko Kobayashi, Rie Mineta, Yukiko Suzuki, Hiromitsu Kumada
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the efficacy of long-term tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF)-based rescue therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis B refractory to nucleoside/nucleotide analogs. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 40 Japanese patients with chronic hepatitis B refractory to nucleoside/nucleotide analogs who received TDF-based rescue therapy [TDF monotherapy, TDF plus lamivudine (LAM) combination therapy, or TDF plus entecavir (ETV) combination therapy] followed up for a median of 45 months (range 14-99 months)...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology
Jeong Hee Yoon, Jeong Min Lee, Eunju Kim, Tomoyuki Okuaki, Joon Koo Han
Purpose To determine whether B1 inhomogeneity-corrected volumetric T1 maps of gadoxetic acid-enhanced liver magnetic resonance (MR) imaging are able to demonstrate global liver function and functional heterogeneity in patients with cirrhosis and to investigate their relationship with the development of hepatic insufficiency and decompensation. Materials and Methods This institutional review board-approved retrospective study with waiver of informed consent included 234 consecutive patients who underwent gadoxetic acid-enhanced liver MR imaging, including B1 inhomogeneity-corrected volumetric T1 mapping...
October 3, 2016: Radiology
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