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hepatitis B retrospective

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905528/increased-hepatocellular-carcinoma-risk-in-chronic-hepatitis-b-patients-with-persistently-elevated-serum-total-bile-acid-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#1
Haoliang Wang, Xiaoyun Shang, Xing Wan, Xiaomei Xiang, Qing Mao, Guohong Deng, Yuzhang Wu
To investigate the association between long-term changes of serum total bile acid and hepatocellular carcinoma in chronic hepatitis B patients, we did a retrospective cohort study of 2262 chronic hepatitis B patients with regular antiviral treatment using data from the Hepatitis Biobank at Southwest Hospital Program from 2004 to 2014. Patients in the study were classified into 3 groups according to persistence of elevated serum total bile acid during follow-up: none-low, medium, and high persistence of elevated serum total bile acid...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900029/thymosin-%C3%AE-1-therapy-subsequent-to-radical-hepatectomy-in-patients-with-hepatitis-b-virus-associated-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-retrospective-controlled-study
#2
Yong-Rong Liang, Zhe Guo, Jing-Hang Jiang, Bang-De Xiang, Le-Qun Li
The clinical efficacy of thymosin α1 (Tα1) therapy in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) subsequent to radical hepatectomy is unclear. In the present study, the impact of Tα1 therapy on outcomes in HCC patients after radical hepatectomy was retrospectively evaluated. Medical records were retrospectively reviewed for 146 patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated HCC who were treated by radical hepatectomy and subsequently with Tα1 therapy, as well as for 412 control patients with HBV-associated HCC treated by radical hepatectomy...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892847/international-adoption-from-ethiopia-an-overview-of-the-health-status-at-arrival-in-belgium
#3
Lydia Van Kesteren, Marek Wojciechowski
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia is a densely populated country with a fast growing economy. Still socioeconomic and health issues render many children parentless. One thousand and twenty eight Ethiopian children have been adopted in Belgium from September 2005 to September 2015. Little has been published about their health status at arrival. METHODS: Three hundred and fifteen children adopted from Ethiopia were clinically evaluated at the Institute of Tropical Medicine in Antwerp from 1 January 2008 until 31 December 2014...
November 28, 2016: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891715/baseline-hepatitis-b-core-antibody-predicts-treatment-response-in-chronic-hepatitis-b-patients-receiving-long-term-entecavir
#4
J-H Xu, L-W Song, N Li, S Wang, Z Zeng, C-W Si, J Li, Q Mao, D-Z Zhang, H Tang, J-F Sheng, X-Y Chen, Q Ning, G-F Shi, Q Xie, Q Yuan, Y-Y Yu, N-S Xia
Studies regarding the clinical significance of quantitative hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc) in patients with chronic hepatitis B receiving first-line nucleos(t)ide analogues is limited. The aim of this study was to determine the performance of anti-HBc as a predictor for hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) seroconversion in HBeAg-positive CHB patients treated with entecavir. This was a retrospective cohort study consisting of 139 Chinese patients enrolled in a multicenter clinical trial treated with entecavir or entecavir maleate for up to 240 weeks...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891360/why-should-viral-markers-be-mandatory-in-ocular-surgeries-a-hospital-based-retrospective-study
#5
Anita Ambastha, Rakhi Kusumesh, Gyan Bhasker
INTRODUCTION: Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus I, II (HIV-I,II) are serious global and public health problem. Knowledge of the seroprevalence would enable early diagnosis, treatment of patients and also help in prevention of horizontal spread of infection by application of universal infection control measures. AIM: To determine the seroprevalence of HBV, HCV and HIV I, II infection in patients undergoing ocular surgery...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888359/low-25-oh-vitamin%C3%A2-d-levels-reflect-hepatic-dysfunction-and-are-associated-with-mortality-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#6
Rafael Paternostro, Doris Wagner, Thomas Reiberger, Mattias Mandorfer, Remy Schwarzer, Monika Ferlitsch, Michael Trauner, Markus Peck-Radosavljevic, Arnulf Ferlitsch
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Vitamin D deficiency is frequent in patients with cirrhosis. The aims of this study were to evaluate the relation of vitamin D status to portal hypertension, degree of liver dysfunction and survival. METHODS: Patients with cirrhosis who have been tested for 25-OH-vitamin D levels were retrospectively included. Vitamin D deficiency was defined as 25-OH-vitamin D levels <10 ng/ml. Child-Pugh score, model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) and available hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) were recorded...
November 25, 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882776/benefits-of-long-term-therapy-with-nucleos-t-ide-analogues-in-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-b
#7
Lai Wei, Jia-Horng Kao
OBJECTIVE: To assess the benefits of long-term nucleos(t)ide analogue (NA) therapy in reducing the severity and progression of liver disease in treatment-naïve patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). SCOPE: As complications of CHB, such as hepatic decompensation and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), take a long time to develop in patients with less advanced disease, the long-term benefits of NA therapy in such patients are more difficult to prove than short- or medium-term benefits...
November 24, 2016: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882419/pleural-effusion-after-hepatectomy-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-risk-factor-analyses-and-its-impact-on-oncological-outcomes
#8
Hideaki Uchiyama, Norifumi Harimoto, Shinji Itoh, Tomoharu Yoshizumi, Toru Ikegami, Yoshihiko Maehara
BACKGROUND: Although posthepatectomy pleural effusion (PHPE) is a commonly observed phenomenon, its precise etiology and the impact of its emergence on oncological outcomes have still unknown. The aim of the current study was to retrospectively investigate risk factors for PHPE and its impact on oncological outcomes of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Medical records of 330 patients who underwent primary curative hepatectomy for HCC were reviewed. All 330 patients had CT around day 7 after hepatectomy, and the emergence of PHPE on CT was examined...
November 23, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882223/hepatitis-b-patients-exhibiting-mild-alanine-aminotransferase-elevation-a-comparative-analysis-of-treatment-with-and-without-bicyclol-tablets
#9
Yin Zhang, Yanming Xie, Yiying Zhang, Yan Liu, Yan Zhuang
The aim of the present study was to analyze the medicinal effect of Bicyclol tablets on patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and concomitant mild alanine aminotransferase (ALT) elevation (40-80 IU/l). A retrospective cohort study, which included patients from the hospital information system (HIS; established by the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences) viral hepatitis database comprised of 18 third-grade class A hospitals in China, was performed. Patients were divided into an exposed group (administered with Bicyclol tablets) and a non-exposed group (no administration of Bicyclol tablets)...
November 2016: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877054/adefovir-dipivoxil-is-less-expensive-than-lamivudine-and-associated-with-similar-prognosis-in-patients-with-hepatitis-b-virus-related-hepatocellular-carcinoma-after-radical-resection
#10
Jian-Hong Zhong, Yang Ke, Shao-Liang Zhu, Lin Wang, Cheng-Piao Luo, Wen-Feng Gong, Xue-Mei You, Liang Ma, Bang-De Xiang, Le-Qun Li
AIM: Lamivudine (LAM) and adefovir dipivoxil (ADV) are widely used in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but few studies have directly compared their therapeutic efficacy and treatment cost. This study aims to compare LAM with ADV head-to-head in these patients. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 201 patients with HBV-related HCC who underwent radical resection and subsequently received LAM (n=155) or ADV (n=46). The two groups were compared in terms of HBV-DNA levels, liver function, antiviral resistance, recurrence-free, and overall survival, as well as antiviral medication costs...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872684/liver-resection-for-early-hepatocellular-cancer-comparison-of-centers-in-3-different-countries
#11
Linda L Wong, Brenda Y Hernandez, Yurii B Shvetsov, Yoichi Kawano, Zhao-You Tang, Jun-Fang Ji
AIM: To compare patients who underwent resection of early stage hepatocellular cancer (HCC) in three different countries. METHODS: This retrospective study characterizes 573 stage I/II HCC patients treated with liver resection in 3 tertiary-referral centers: Tokyo (n = 250), Honolulu (n = 146) and Shanghai (n = 177). RESULTS: Shanghai patients were younger, predominantly male, hepatitis-B seropositive (94%) and cirrhotic (93%). Tokyo patients were older and more likely to have hepatitis-C (67%), smaller tumors, low albumin, and normal alpha-fetoprotein...
November 8, 2016: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870642/hepatocellular-carcinoma-surveillance-among-patients-with-cirrhosis-in-a-population-based-integrated-health-care-delivery-system
#12
Amit G Singal, Jasmin Tiro, Xilong Li, Beverley Adams-Huet, Jessica Chubak
PURPOSE: Fewer than 1 in 5 patients with cirrhosis receive hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) surveillance; however, most studies were performed in select patient populations, which may not be informative of practice patterns in population-based community practices. Further, few reported guideline-concordant consistent surveillance rates. GOALS: Characterize guideline-concordant HCC surveillance rates and patient-level factors associated with surveillance among a population-based cohort of patients with cirrhosis...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869323/comparative-treatment-effectiveness-of-direct-acting-antiviral-regimens-for-hepatitis-c-data-from-the-veterans-administration
#13
D S Fox, J J McGinnis, I Tonnu-Mihara, J S McCombs
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Data addressing real world effectiveness of direct acting antiviral agents in hepatitis C infected patients are now emerging. This study compared the sustained virologic response rates achieved 12 weeks post-treatment in patients treated with three such agents by the Veterans Health Administration. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using patients who terminated treatment by July 1, 2015. Data were retrieved from the Veterans Health Administration electronic medical records system...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862289/insulin-resistance-assessment-is-useful-in-risk-stratification-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-chronic-hepatitis-b-patients
#14
Jung Hee Kim, Dong Hyun Sinn, Geum-Youn Gwak, Wonseok Kang, Yong-Han Paik, Moon Seok Choi, Joon Hyeok Lee, Kwang Cheol Koh, Seung Woon Paik
BACKGROUND AND AIM: We analyzed whether insulin resistance (IR) assessed by homeostasis model assessment index (HOMA2-IR) can stratify hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) risk in patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of 1,696 chronic HBV infected patients [age: 50.0 ± 7.8, male = 964 (56.8%)] who underwent detailed health check-up program including C-peptide and fasting blood glucose measurement, and followed-up for more than a year were analyzed...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859748/use-of-serum-micrornas-as-biomarker-for-hepatobiliary-diseases-in-dogs
#15
K Dirksen, T Verzijl, G C Grinwis, R P Favier, L C Penning, I A Burgener, L J van der Laan, H Fieten, B Spee
BACKGROUND: Current biochemical indicators cannot discriminate between parenchymal, biliary, vascular, and neoplastic hepatobiliary diseases. MicroRNAs are promising new biomarkers for hepatobiliary disease in humans and dogs. OBJECTIVE: To measure serum concentrations of an established group of microRNAs in dogs and to investigate their concentrations in various types of hepatobiliary diseases. ANIMALS: Forty-six client-owned dogs with an established diagnosis of hepatobiliary disease and stored serum samples and eleven client-owned healthy control Labrador Retrievers...
November 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859587/gamma-glutamyl-transpeptidase-to-platelet-ratio-is-an-independent-predictor-of-hepatitis-b-virus-related-liver-cancer
#16
Yong Eun Park, Beom Kyung Kim, Jun Yong Park, Do Young Kim, Sang Hoon Ahn, Kwang-Hyub Han, Sojung Han, Mi Young Jeon, Ja Yoon Heo, Kijun Song, Seung Up Kim
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase-to-platelet ratio (GPR) can evaluate the degree of liver fibrosis. We investigated whether GPR can predict the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 1,109 CHB patients that were enrolled between 2006 and 2012, and all patients had available data for the assessment of GPR at enrollment. Three risk groups were defined according to tertile stratification: GPR < 0...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858892/circulating-kidney-injury-molecule-1-is-a-novel-diagnostic-biomarker-for-renal-dysfunction-during-long-term-adefovir-therapy-in-chronic-hepatitis-b
#17
Ziyue Li, Chuan Shen, Yadong Wang, Wei Wang, Qian Zhao, Zhenzhong Liu, Yang Wang, Caiyan Zhao
The aim of this study was to evaluate serum kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) as a new diagnostic marker of renal dysfunction in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients receiving long-term adefovir dipivoxil (ADV) treatment.We retrospectively enrolled 85 patients treated with ADV and 85 patients treated with entecavir (ETV) monotherapy, for at least 6 months. The 2 groups were matched for baseline age (± 5 years), sex, and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Serum creatinine, cystatin C, and KIM-1 concentrations were measured, and eGFR was calculated using the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) creatinine-cystatin C equation, at baseline and last follow-up...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855352/primary-hepatic-schwannoma-a-case-report
#18
Masaki Yamamoto, Kiyoshi Hasegawa, Junichi Arita, Ryohei Maeno, Nobuhisa Akamatsu, Junichi Kaneko, Takeyuki Watadani, Naoki Okura, Akimasa Hayashi, Junji Shibahara, Yoshihiro Sakamoto, Kuni Ohtomo, Masashi Fukayama, Norihiro Kokudo
INTRODUCTION: A hepatic schwannoma is extremely rare and difficult to diagnose preoperatively. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report the case of a 47-year-old male patient who was referred to our hospital for the close investigation of a hepatic tumor which had not been detected two years earlier. An enhanced computed tomography revealed a well-circumscribed and encapsulated tumor with a size of 50mm which was adjacent to the inferior vena cava (IVC) and the right hepatic vein...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847278/validation-of-the-hong-kong-liver-cancer-staging-system-in-determining-prognosis-of-the-north-american-patients-following-intra-arterial-therapy
#19
Jae Ho Sohn, Rafael Duran, Yan Zhao, Florian Fleckenstein, Julius Chapiro, Sonia P Sahu, Rüdiger E Schernthaner, Tianchen Qian, Howard Lee, Li Zhao, James Hamilton, Constantine Frangakis, MingDe Lin, Riad Salem, Jean-Francois Geschwind
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There is debate over the best way to stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We attempted to validate the prognostic and clinical utility of the recently developed Hong Kong Liver Cancer (HKLC) staging system, a hepatitis B-based model, and compared data with that from the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) staging system in a North American population who underwent intra-arterial therapy (IAT). METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of data from 1009 patients with HCC who underwent intra-arterial therapy from 2000 through 2014...
November 12, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842532/silybin-supplementation-during-hcv-therapy-with-pegylated-interferon-%C3%AE-plus-ribavirin-reduces-depression-and-anxiety-and-increases-work-ability
#20
Giulia Malaguarnera, Gaetano Bertino, Giuseppe Chisari, Massimo Motta, Michele Vecchio, Marco Vacante, Filippo Caraci, Carmela Greco, Filippo Drago, Giuseppe Nunnari, Michele Malaguarnera
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus infection and interferon treatment are often associated with anxiety, depressive symptoms and poor health-related quality of life. To evaluate the Silybin-vitamin E-phospholipids complex effect on work ability and whether health related factors (anxiety and depression) were associated with work ability in subjects with chronic hepatitis C treated with Pegylated-Interferon-α2b (Peg-IFN) and Ribavirin (RBV). METHODS: Thirty-one patients (Group A) with chronic hepatitis and other 31 subjects in Group B were recruited in a randomized, prospective, placebo controlled, double blind clinical trial...
November 15, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
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