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hepatitis B descriptive

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624307/safety-and-immune-response-to-a-challenge-dose-of-hepatitis-b-vaccine-in-healthy-children-primed-10years-earlier-with-hexavalent-vaccines-in-a-3-5-11-month-schedule-an-open-label-controlled-multicentre-trial-in-italy
#1
Alessandro Zanetti, Maria Giuseppina Desole, Luisa Romanò, Antonio d'Alessandro, Michele Conversano, Giuseppe Ferrera, Maria Grazia Panico, Alberto Tomasi, Giorgio Zoppi, Massimo Zuliani, Stéphane Thomas, Benoît Soubeyrand, Cécile Eymin, Stephen Lockhart
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The strategy of vaccinating infants to prevent hepatitis B virus infection in adolescence or adulthood requires durable immunity. This study investigated responses to a challenge dose of monovalent hepatitis B vaccine in children primed with three doses of either Hexavac® or Infanrix hexa® 10years earlier during infancy. METHODS: This open-label, controlled, multicentre study conducted in Italy, enrolled 751 healthy pre-adolescents (aged 11-13years) who were given either Hexavac (n=409) or Infanrix hexa (n=342) at 3, 5 and 11months of life...
June 14, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606057/assessing-the-knowledge-of-expectant-mothers-on-mother-to-child-transmission-of-viral-hepatitis-b-in-upper-west-region-of-ghana
#2
Frederick Dun-Dery, Martin Nyaaba Adokiya, Williams Walana, Ernestina Yirkyio, Juventus B Ziem
BACKGROUND: Viral Hepatitis B is of a major public health concern globally, especially in developing countries. Expectant mothers' knowledge of Mother-To-Child Transmission (MTCT) of the disease is significant in preventing the spread from an infected mother to her child. This study sought to assess the expectant mothers' knowledge of Mother-To-Child Transmission of viral hepatitis B in the Wa Municipality and Lawra District of Upper West Region, Ghana. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study with a multi-stage sampling technique was employed to select a total of 450 study respondents (expectant mothers), and a semi-structured questionnaire was used for the data collection...
June 12, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588179/childhood-wilson-disease-bangladesh-perspective
#3
M Rukunuzzaman, A B Karim, M Nurullah, F Sultana, M W Mazumder, M A Rahman, S B Billah, F Begum, M Oliullah
Wilson's disease (WD) is an autosomal recessive disorder affecting copper metabolism causing copper induced damage to various organs. In children liver is commonly involved. Central nervous system, eyes, RBC, kidneys, brain and bones may also be affected. Aim of the study is to evaluate clinical & laboratory profile of Wilson's disease in children. This cross sectional descriptive study was conducted at the department of Paediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh, from January 2011 to December, 2013...
April 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583305/immunogenicity-and-safety-of-a-new-hexavalent-vaccine-dtap5-ipv-hb-hib-administered-in-a-mixed-primary-series-schedule-with-a-pentavalent-vaccine-dtap5-ipv-hib
#4
Federico Martinón-Torres, Florence Boisnard, Stéphane Thomas, Christine Sadorge, Ray Borrow
DTaP5-IPV-HB-Hib vaccine is a fully-liquid, combination hexavalent vaccine. This phase III, open-label, multicentre study conducted in Spain, evaluated the immune response to all DTaP5-IPV-HB-Hib antigens when the vaccine was used in a mixed hexa/penta/hexa primary series. Infants (who had received one dose of hepatitis B vaccine at birth) received a mixed schedule including DTaP5-IPV-HB-Hib (PRP-OMP conjugate) at 2 and 6months of age, DTaP5-IPV-Hib at 4months, meningococcal serogroup C conjugate (MCC) vaccine at 2 and 4months, and routine rotavirus and pneumococcal vaccination...
June 2, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576900/hepatitis-b-vaccination-coverage-knowledge-and-sociodemographic-determinants-of-uptake-in-high-risk-public-safety-workers-in-kaduna-state-nigeria-a-cross-sectional-survey
#5
Chinwe Lucia Ochu, Caryl M Beynon
OBJECTIVES: To estimate hepatitis B vaccination (HBVc) coverage, and knowledge and sociodemographic determinants of full dose uptake in Federal Road Safety Corps (FRSC) members, Kaduna State, Nigeria, to inform relevant targeted vaccination policies. DESIGN: A cross sectional survey of FRSC members, Kaduna Sector Command. SETTINGS: Six randomly selected unit commands under Kaduna Sector Command, Kaduna State, Nigeria. PARTICIPANTS: A pilot tested, structured, self-administered questionnaire was administered to 341 participants aged ≥18 years with ≥6 months of service between 17 June and 22 July 2015...
June 2, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567193/hepatitis-b-virus-seroprevalence-among-malawian-medical-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Froid Chipetah, Aaron Chirambo, Ednas Billiat, Isaac Thom Shawa
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) predominantly spreads through contact with infected blood or other body fluids and causes liver disease. HBV vaccination for students at the College of Medicine, University of Malawi, is done without screening for the virus. It is important to assess the prevalence of HBV antigens among foundation-year students in order to consolidate evidence in support of HBV screening before vaccination. The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of HBV antigens among 2013-2014 foundation-year students at the University of Malawi College of Medicine...
March 2017: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542250/validation-of-the-revised-piper-fatigue-scale-in-koreans-with-chronic-hepatitis-b
#7
Yeonsoo Jang, Jeong Hyun Kim, Kyunghwa Lee
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the construct validity and reliability of the Korean version of the revised Piper Fatigue Scale (PFS) in Koreans with chronic hepatitis B. METHODS: A total of 146 chronic hepatitis B patients completed the Korean version of the revised PFS. A descriptive analysis was performed to determine the subjects' demographic characteristics; the construct validity was examined using exploratory factor analysis; and internal consistency reliability of the scale was estimated for the meaningful total scale and factors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527664/a-new-hdv-mouse-model-identifies-mitochondrial-antiviral-signaling-protein-mavs-as-a-key-player-in-ifn-%C3%AE-induction
#8
Lester Suárez-Amarán, Carla Usai, Marianna Di Scala, Cristina Godoy, Yi Ni, Mirja Hommel, Laura Palomo, Víctor Segura, Cristina Olagüe, Africa Vales, Alicia Ruiz-Ripa, Maria Buti, Eduardo Salido, Jesús Prieto, Stephan Urban, Francisco Rodríguez-Frias, Rafael Aldabe, Gloria González-Aseguinolaza
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Studying hepatitis delta virus (HDV) and developing new treatments is hampered by the limited availability of small animal models. Here a description of a robust mouse model of HDV infection that mimics several important characteristics of the human disease is presented. METHODS: HDV- and HBV-replication competent genomes were delivered to the mouse liver using adeno-associated viruses (AAV) (AAV-HDV and AAV-HBV). Viral load, antigen expression and genomes were quantified at different time points after AAV injection...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437794/hepatitis-b-virus-reactivation-associated-with-direct-acting-antiviral-therapy-for-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-a-review-of-cases-reported-to-the-u-s-food-and-drug-administration-adverse-event-reporting-system
#9
REVIEW
Susan J Bersoff-Matcha, Kelly Cao, Mihaela Jason, Adebola Ajao, S Christopher Jones, Tamra Meyer, Allen Brinker
Background: Direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) are used increasingly to treat hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Reports were published recently on hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation (HBV-R) in patients with HBV-HCV co-infection. Hepatitis B virus reactivation, defined as an abrupt increase in HBV replication in patients with inactive or resolved HBV infection, may result in clinically significant hepatitis. Objective: To assess whether HBV-R is a safety concern in patients receiving HCV DAAs...
June 6, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417347/-serological-markers-of-viral-hepatitis-b-and-c-in-children-with-sickle-cell-disease-monitored-in-the-pediatrics-department-at-the-university-hospital-of-bobo-dioulasso-burkina-faso
#10
S A Kissou, M Koura, A Sawadogo, A-S Ouédraogo, H Traoré, E Kamboulé, W W F Zogona, B Nacro
Viral hepatitis B and C are universal public health problems. Burkina Faso is a high endemic area for hepatitis B. Patients with sickle cell disease are at risk. The aim of this study was to investigate and quantify the serological markers of viral hepatitis B and C among pediatric patients with sickle cell disease. This was a descriptive cross-sectional study, which took place from July to November 2014 at the Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital of Bobo- Dioulasso. The study included 44 SS and 26 SC sickle cell patients...
April 17, 2017: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403980/characteristics-management-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-africa-a-multicountry-observational-study-from-the-africa-liver-cancer-consortium
#11
Ju Dong Yang, Essa A Mohamed, Ashraf O Abdel Aziz, Hend I Shousha, Mohamed B Hashem, Mohamed M Nabeel, Ahmed H Abdelmaksoud, Tamer M Elbaz, Mary Y Afihene, Babatunde M Duduyemi, Joshua P Ayawin, Adam Gyedu, Marie-Jeanne Lohouès-Kouacou, Antonin W Ndjitoyap Ndam, Ehab F Moustafa, Sahar M Hassany, Abdelmajeed M Moussa, Rose A Ugiagbe, Casimir E Omuemu, Richard Anthony, Dennis Palmer, Albert F Nyanga, Abraham O Malu, Solomon Obekpa, Abdelmounem E Abdo, Awatif I Siddig, Hatim M Y Mudawi, Uchenna Okonkwo, Mbang Kooffreh-Ada, Yaw A Awuku, Yvonne A Nartey, Elizabeth T Abbew, Nana A Awuku, Jesse A Otegbayo, Kolawole O Akande, Hailemichael M Desalegn, Abidemi E Omonisi, Akande O Ajayi, Edith N Okeke, Mary J Duguru, Pantong M Davwar, Michael C Okorie, Shettima Mustapha, Jose D Debes, Ponsiano Ocama, Olufunmilayo A Lesi, Emuobor Odeghe, Ruth Bello, Charles Onyekwere, Francis Ekere, Rufina Igetei, Mitchell A Mah'moud, Benyam Addissie, Hawa M Ali, Gregory J Gores, Mark D Topazian, Lewis R Roberts
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma is a leading cause of cancer-related death in Africa, but there is still no comprehensive description of the current status of its epidemiology in Africa. We therefore initiated an African hepatocellular carcinoma consortium aiming to describe the clinical presentation, management, and outcomes of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma in Africa. METHODS: We did a multicentre, multicountry, retrospective observational cohort study, inviting investigators from the African Network for Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases to participate in the consortium to develop hepatocellular carcinoma research databases and biospecimen repositories...
February 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366600/the-impact-of-an-immunization-check-up-at-a-pharmacist-provided-employee-health-screening
#12
Amy Sparkman, Andrea L Brookhart, Jean-Venable Kelly R Goode
OBJECTIVES: To determine which types of vaccine recommendations were accepted and acted upon by patients after an immunization check-up at a pharmacist-provided employee health screening, and to evaluate if there was a difference between influenza and non-influenza vaccines. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational. SETTING: Supermarket chain. PATIENTS: Employees and covered spouses. INTERVENTION: Immunization check-up...
May 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331563/%C3%A2-evaluation-of-serum-hbv-viral-load-transaminases-and-histological-features-in-chronic-hbeag-negative-hepatitis-b-patients
#13
Abbas Esmaeelzadeh, Hassan Saadatnia, Bahram Memar, Elham Mokhtari Amirmajdi, Azita Ganji, Ladan Goshayeshi, Zahra Meshkat, Alireza Pasdar, Hassan Vosoughinia, Mohammadreza Farzanehfar, Shahrzad Tehranian, Kamran Ghaffarzadehgan, Farnood Rajabzadeh, Mitra Ahadi
AIM: To evaluate the association between biochemical, virologic and histologic features in patients with HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B (CHB). BACKGROUND: Hepatitis-B e-antigen (HBeAg)-negative is common in Iran, is progressive with poor prognosis. Therefore, it seems necessary to perform a comprehensive evaluation of different spectrum of laboratory measurements accompanying histological findings. METHODS: HBeAg- negative CHB patients referring to two university hospitals during two years were enrolled...
2017: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301267/hypotonic-hyporesponsive-episodes-after-administration-of-hexavalent-dtp-based-combination-vaccine-a-description-of-12-cases
#14
Alessandro Vigo, Giulia Costagliola, Elisa Ferrero, Silvia Noce
Hypotonic-hyporesponsive (HHE) episodes are known and recognized phenomena, which typically occur within 48 hours of immunisation..Our aim is to describe 12 cases of HHE brought to the Center of Pediatric Sleep Medicine, with attention to the clinical features of the episode and their follow-up. Medical charts of infants visited between 2005-2015 were reviewed. Twelve infants showed a HHE using HHE using Brighton Collaboration Criteria. All infants received a Hexavalent diphtheria -tetanus -pertussis acellular component -hepatitis B-,inactivated poliovirus- Haemophilus influenzae type-b conjugate vaccine...
June 3, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299157/low-coverage-of-hepatitis-b-vaccine-and-determinants-among-health-professionals-working-in-amhara-regional-state-hospitals-ethiopia
#15
Berhanu Elfu Feleke
More than two billion people have been infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV), 360 million have chronic infection and 600,000 die each year from HBV-related liver disease or hepatocellular carcinoma. Each year more than 66,000 health professionals are infected by hepatitis b virus and vaccination against hepatitis B saves the life's of these health professionals. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and associated factors of hepatitis B vaccine coverage in a resource limited settings. A cross sectional study design was conducted...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161407/a-novel-mutation-in-tap1-gene-leading-to-mhc-class-i-deficiency-report-of-two-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Damla Hanalioglu, Deniz Cagdas Ayvaz, Tuba Turul Ozgur, Mirjam van der Burg, Ozden Sanal, Ilhan Tezcan
Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I deficiency syndrome is a rare primary immunodeficiency caused by mutations in the peptide transporter complex associated with antigen presentation (TAP) gene which plays a crucial role in intracellular peptide antigen presentation. A few cases have been reported to date. Recurrent sinopulmonary infections and skin ulcers are the main characteristics of the syndrome. Here we report two siblings diagnosed with TAP1 deficiency syndrome associated only with recurrent sinopulmonary infections with the description of a novel mutation leading to a premature stop codon in TAP1 gene and review of the relevant literature...
February 2, 2017: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150510/quality-of-life-in-an-italian-cohort-of-people-living-with-hiv-in-the-era-of-combined-antiretroviral-therapy-evidence-from-i-a-n-u-a-study-investigation-on-antiretroviral-therapy
#17
A Venturini, G Cenderello, A Di Biagio, B Giannini, M Ameri, M Giacomini, M Montefiori, M Setti, G Mazzarello, C Merlano, P Orcamo, C Viscoli, G Cassola
The aims of this study were to assess the Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) of People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) who attend outpatient services in Genoa, Italy, and to evaluate the relationship between HRQoL and clinical factors, primarily: CD4+ cell count, viral load and HIV-Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) coinfection. A cross-sectional study was performed involving a sample of 943 consecutive patients. Firstly the EuroQol-Five Dimensions-Three Level (EQ-5D-3L) self-reported questionnaire was used to evaluate HRQoL, while socio-demographic information was collected using a separate self-administered questionnaire...
February 2, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123729/randomized-phase-ii-study-of-sequential-carboplatin-plus-paclitaxel-and-gefitinib-in-chemotherapy-na%C3%A3-ve-patients-with-advanced-or-metastatic-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-long-term-follow-up-results
#18
Emi Kubo, Noboru Yamamoto, Hiroshi Nokihara, Yutaka Fujiwara, Hidehito Horinouchi, Shintaro Kanda, Yasushi Goto, Yuichiro Ohe
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor gefitinib was initially approved in Japan in 2002 for the treatment of advanced or metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC); however, the optimal order of conventional cytotoxic chemotherapy (carboplatin and paclitaxel) and gefitinib administration has not been determined. We conducted a randomized phase II study of carboplatin and paclitaxel followed by gefitinib vs. gefitinib followed by carboplatin and paclitaxel to select a candidate for further development in a phase III study of chemotherapy-naïve patients with advanced or metastatic NSCLC, regardless of their EGFR mutation status...
January 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117171/impact-of-universal-infant-hepatitis-b-vaccination-in-the-us-affiliated-pacific-islands-1985-2015
#19
W E Abara, M G Collier, E H Teshale
The US-affiliated Pacific Island countries (USAPI) is an endemic region for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Universal infant hepatitis B vaccination was introduced in the USAPI in the mid-1980s to mitigate the HBV burden. We assessed the impact of universal infant vaccination on the HBV infection prevalence over time among children born in the 1980s, 1990s, and 2000s in the USAPI. Demographic and serologic data from serial sero-surveys conducted between 1985 and 2015 were obtained. Descriptive statistics and analysis of variance were performed...
January 20, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100376/-related-factors-for-severe-liver-fibrosis-in-chronic-hepatitis-c-patients-with-remunerated-blood-donation-history-in-jurong-of-jiangsu-province
#20
Y N Yao, P Huang, H B Chen, L Zhang, M Z Chen, R B Yu
Objective: The incidence of liver fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis C is high. Without effective treatment, it would lead to liver cirrhosis. This study is to identify the related factors for the incidence of liver fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis C in order to make early intervention treatment and reduce the case fatality rate. Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted in adults aged ≥50 years with local residence for more than 5 years in Jurong of Jiangsu province from March to May in 2015, the patients infected with hepatitis C virus through remunerated blood donation were screened and included in the analysis...
January 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
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